Newspaper Page Text
The Big Stone Gap Post.
VOL" XX"' BIG STONE GAP. WISE COUNTY, VA.. WEDNESDAY, S E P T EM BE R 23, 1914%-No 39 WAR NEWS On 11**4 Buttle Front, Sept. 19 ?Overpowering fatigue nnd privilatious reuniting front live .lays <>f unrelenting struggle brought about IubI night a tem? porary lull in tin- combat of the powerful armies that are fan to face along the rivers (?ine, Aisne and Woovro. The roar of cannon, machine guns, ami rilles iltoil down early Insi even, in? and the presence of two :ii mies com potted probably ul together of 1,000,000 or more men within touoh of an uneven line and ready to spring to a fatal grip, scarcely could be conceived so intense wan the stillness, broken only by an >><? cusional vagrant report. The soldiers of tin- allies and the Hermans alike werosnatch? ing a little rest huddled up in -(long entrenehineuts. In some place? the trendies were half tilled with water, as equinoc? tial storms continue. The Kreneh and British, like the Qerinnus, have entrenched and Mottled down lor the stern tight which threatens to be ? veil longer and more sanguin? ary than the battle of the .Marne. Progress is being made at some points by the allies, but very slowly, and the devel? opments nf the past Jl hours ure not important except that it is officially con finned that the Germans have received re? inforcements from Lorraine. There were a few isolated eii countem today, hut both sides appear to have abandoned the rash movements across the open which marked the early stages of the wer. Obviously Ihedeadly machine guns have taught a lesson. One Of the incidents of yes? terday, when fierce fighting was awful in its sacrifices, was widely recounted today. A British infantry roginipnl receiving an order to advance and take a (ierman position, knelt for a moment in prayer. Then the men, knowing their charge was to be terriblo in e.ist, sprang to their feet nnd with fixed bayonets, clambered out of (he shelter of the trench In short and rapid rushes lh.-\ advanced in wide open order, alternately lying down and then making another dash of Fifteen yards. Prom the der man position came the thick hail of the machine guns; The attacking soldiers hurrahed ami sang as they pressed forward. Many fell with cries of deter? mination on their lips. Finally those who remained of the regi? ment reached and took the Qerinnu position after a des? perate hand-to-hand encounter. This was only one among many similar nets of courage ami discipline on tin- part of the Kreneh, British and der mans alike at various points along the line. Killed by Train. Baxter Shepherd, of Rye Cove, Scott County, was killed by u freight train at Glenita, a station near the Natural Tunnel on last Wednesday night. He was returning home from the Kuir at Gate City. After get ting otf at Qlenita, he is said to have laid down on the truck1 und went to sleep. A freight (rain immediately following ihe passenger train ran over him, cutting off both legs ami one arm. lie died about four hours after the accident. The deceased was about ?18 years old and is survived by ti wife and daughter. FOR SALE:?Ohalmer's An tomobile, 191JJ model. Kor par? ticulars .tppi> to J. B. Eberlian, Rats Cost State Millions Yearly Board of Health, at Governor Stuart's Instance, Sug? gests Methods of Combatting De? structive Ro? dents. Richmond, Va., September is Aithf instance of Gover? nor Stuart, who is deeply inter? ested in the subject from its ef? fect on agriculture, the State Board of Health hau just issued for public distribution a bulletin suggesting methods for ridding Virginiu of the pest of rodents. In recent, conference with health officers, Governor Stuart explained thai rats in South west Virginia had become a very serious acouomio problem, Large Held rats, he state,I, hail settled in various sections of the Southwest anil were de? stroying grain, feed and fowls to the value of many thousand dollars At the i inventor's suggestion, the Hoard secured the ser . ices of an investigator from the Biological Survey to study con? ditions in Southwest Virginia. In addition the Board prepared lite new bulletin on the best methods of eradicating; rats ami of the economic loss lo the country every year from ro? dents. Accepting the usual es timate of at least one rat for every human being and the fur? ther estimate of the destruction Of one half cent's of food by every rat daily, the Hoard com? puted the cost to Virginia of rats at something more than p\S,7000,000 annually, or more than half the entire revenue of the State from taxation. This estimate is considered low by those who are familiar with such conditions as ?ovornor Stuart has found in Southwest Virginia. In tin- judgment of health authorities, one of tin- most im? portant steps in combatting rats is to remove all available food from their r< nch. It is pointed out that rats will not im templed by traps as long as other food is more accessible. Where anti-rat campaigns aro undertaken, the first essential is to remove all food from the reach of rats or to protect it by rat proofing. .Methods to this end are suggested in tin- Hoard's new bulletin. For lighting the Hold rats, to whose destructive work (iov. Stuart called attention, fumiga lion of the burrows is recom? mended by the Hoard as most ofTectivo. Where the burrows are found, a very simple pro? cess is to soak cOtton or waste with carbon bisulphide, to place it within the burrows ami then to close the holes with earth. This generally kills all the rats in the burrows. In urging active stops against rats, the Hoard points oul that in addition to being a serious economic drain, rats are also a menace to health in view of the westward move of bubonic plague during recent years. The Hoard declares, in the course of its bulletin, thai if plague threatens the Atlantic sea lion I, the Slate will be com? pelled to exterminate rats at I heavy expense. Kvery step j that reduces the. number of ro? dents lessens the danger of the spread of plague, Copies of the bulletin art; be? ing sent to all those on the mailing list of the board ami will be supplied free of cost to all persons who request them. Virginia State Fair. Richmond, Va., Sept. 21.? The noise of war and echoes of political uproar do not seem sufficient to take the attention of Virginia people, from the Virginia State Fair, which will be held this year in the. State Fair Grounds at Richmond Oc tobor ?i-tJ-7-8-!?-10. Keen inter? est is being manifested in the preparations for this annual event and it would appear, even at this early date, that the at? tendance is te very large. Certain it is that the people who do pass through there volving gutes this full will find awaiting thriM a Kroaterand liner fair tlinii over before.' The free show in front of the grand stund, famous all over the State for its thrills, is to bnj more absorbing than ever. Free shows ore to (Mist the State Fair Association some? thing like $26,000 this year Tin' sum of $150,000 has been i offered by the association in I premiums for every conceiv-; able kino of agricultural,stock, ami household exhibits. The I handsome premium list has! come from the printer and may) be obtained by dropping a post to the Virginia Slate Fair Asso? ciation. .Mutual Building, Rich? mond, Va. The racing committee prom? ises some striking events on the truck. The purses offorod are generous ami calculated to attract line stables. Harness races ate scheduled for the lirst four days of the fair week and running races for Friday and Saturday. Great cure has been exercised by the board of directors in choosing the shows for the .Mid? way this year. It is expected that these utlr.ict.ions will be superior in tone und quality to those offered in other years. It has been definitely decided that there are to be no dancing girls shows and the .Midway is to be conducted with refinement. Among the Midway all rue t ions already booked arc: The Posing Morses: the new Aut" Drome; Wild Animal Show; tin athletic show, the Submarine Wondery; Wild West: Ocean Wave; Ferris Wheel; lb.- Fly. ing Lady; Crazy House, and many others tob numerous to mention. "Hare Devil Schreyer," who is called the greatest gambler in the world because he gam* hies daily with death, has been engaged for the free show in front of the grandstand. His feat, which consists in riding III bicycle down a narrow incline 120 feet above ground until hie. comes to the end of the incline, whereupon he dives from the wheel into a tank no larger than :i dining-room table,dottes description. It is unbelievable until on,- has seen it. Effective in Wise County Beginning Oct. 1st. Chap. UM of Acts of 1!U1. -An Act to prohibit the running at large of dogs, a.ld to pro vide it penalty for the viola? tion thereof. Approved March 21, 1914. 1. He it enacted by the (loil ornl Assembly of Virginia. Thai it shall be the duty of every person owning or having ill charge any dog or dogs, to tit all times confine such dog or dogs to the limits of his own premises on which such dog or dogs is, or are, regularly kept. Provided, that nothing in this dot shall be construed to prevent the owner of any dog or dogs, or other person or per? sons, having such dog or dogs in his or their charge, from ul lowing such dog or dogs to ac? company such owner or other person or persons elsewhere than on tin- premises on which such dog or dogs is, or are, reg? ularly kept. Any person violating this act shall be deemed guilty of a mis? demeanor and shull be lined not less than two nor more than fifty dollars. This act shall not apply to the running at large of any dog or dogs within the corporate limits of any city or town in this State that require a license tag to be kept on dogs. But this act shall not apply in any county in the State until the same has been adopted by the Hoard of Supervisors of such county. When Kurope threw the mon? key wrench into the machinery of international business it be? came a second rate continent. If the kiugd and emperors would just consent to do the lighting themselves and leave their armies out of it, the world would join hands and yell "go to it!" The Wise County Fair. I As the time fur the Wise founty Kair approaches, each day witnesses increased aeti.'ity on the part of the ollii-crs ami dt icolon of-the Kair Association to make it a notable success. Exhibits may lie entered any time Ipj; tweeil now anil the Opening day of the Kair. rhoae desiring to place exhibit* should notify the secretary as early as possible and list the exhibits with him One of the most Interesting feature* uill lie the athletics, and chief among these events will be three games of base ball It is likely that the ctaok Notion team will cross hats with Cueburn, and Wise w ith some strong nine fh>m another county. This series is sine to arouse great anthuslssui There will also In.1 a grand automobile parade in which about a hundred cars, all beautifully decorated, will take part. 'I'his will be one of the imrst speclaculai events ever pulled oil Iii IVlie County. Itaelng w ill play a prominent part at the Kair. There will lie hoi so racing, rutlle racing and a inolorcyclc race. The hitter will lie a daro-dovit aflair. which will furnish uiau) thrills for the specta-1 tors. There w ill also he fancy riding ami I driving contests, lit which the many beautiful pony outfits driven by our young people will play a prominent part. There will also lie i splendid carnival on the grounds and many shows and mm h confetti w ill feature the occasion. Hut. perhaps the most interesting fea? ture of all will he tho school exhibits. All ovei the county this is being prepared lot Kvery principal ami teacher, led by t'rof, llillinaii, the Superintendent of Schools, is workiug lo make this a hlg day in ll.ducatloual history of Wise County triil it Is confidently expected that many thousand children w ill take part in these epoch making exerebe.? This is a sigh! that no father or inuthci in Wise County should miss, Kvery child hIioiiIiI he In line and every lover of children and education .should he present to lend en courageinciit hy their presence The price of admission has been put at ten i eilts a day for the children and | thirty live rents for the grownups Kvery endeavor is bel?g pul fourth to make a long to he remembered .aslon by the people of Wise County All the principal r.tilro.uU in the coun? ty have matte arrangements to gWu spec? ial rates to and from the fair. ? So, oomo, everybody come ami bring siiiucImhIv with you. ?Uoebuni Journal, Democratic Leaders Confer in Bristol. Bristol, Vu., Sopt. 10.?Tlio Democratic campaign commit* loo of Ute Ninth District of Vir? ginia met in Bristol Tuesday, at Hotel Bristol, with it. Tato Irvino. tin- parly's nominoo for congress. Splendid reports wore received by tin- commit-' too from all couutloS of the ills, trict ami it was denided to in nngurnto one of tho highest speaking campaigns in the his tory of tho Ninth. 'those present wore: It. T. Irvino. of Big Stone Gap; O, \V. Bond?raitt, of St. Charles; .1. I1'. WyHor, of Pulaski;. John II. Close, of Bristol; Judge VV. K. Kulton, of Wythevillo; J. O. Bradley, of Abingdon, 0, T. Duncan, of Leo; G, M. Warron. of Bristol; Dr. .<. D. Buchanan, of Smyth; ami Campaign Man? ager c. s. Carter, of Wise. It was decided not to resume the speaking until after the pro? hibition election of next Week; Candidate Irvine will speak at Abingdon Soptember 28, ami at Ciintwood, Dickenson county, on September 20. It was an? nounced that Congressmen (ilass, Montague, Flood ami Sanders; Senators Martin and Swnnson; District Attorney K. K. Byrd; Attorney General John G. Bollard and Governor Stuart will give all of their time to canvassing the district that tho committee may ask. The committee was well pleased with tint rallies held at Jonesville September 7, ami Lebanon September 8. The committee feels that the tight is a winning one and that I'M I is a good democratic year. The committee received reports to tho elTect that the democrats generally are taking much in? terest and the rank and file of the party working for success in November. After the speaking; at Abing? don Septcanber 2H, the speaking campaign will start in earnest and spea'iers will invade every county in tho interest of Irvine if or congress. ? Bristol Herald I Courier. Coal Breaks All Records More than 570 Million Tons Mined in 1Q13; Value of Output was 760 Mil? lion Dollars. The production of coal in the United Status has again broken all previous records, the output for 6913 being 570,048.125 short tons, which is considerably mure than double the production j of 1900 and more than eight' times the production of 1880, according to a statement justj issued by the United States! Geological Survey, from figures compiled by Edward w. Par? ker, coal statistician. The! value of the coal mined in 1913] is given as $760,488,785. Compared with the previous year the output for l'JKi shows an increase of 1)5,681,645 tons,' or nearly 7 per cent. The in? creased activity indicated by these figures w as well distrihut ed throughout the 21) coal pro ducing States, of which showed increases and only >. de ci cased product ion, the decrease in one of these?Colorado?be? ing due solely to labor trouble t?f those showing increase, 12 made record yields, and Penn? sylvania) the loading coal State, broke records in both hituni iuuus ami nntharaoite produc? tion. The Stales which broke all former records in coal pro ' dUCtioli wen- Alabama. Illinois, Kentucky, Montana, New Mex? ico, Ohio, Oklahoma; Pennsyl? vania, Texas, Utah, Virginia, and West Virginia. The larg? est increase in the production of bituminous coal was in Penn? sylvania, where 11,91.'S,729 tons was added to the output ol 1912 West Virginia Bhowed the second largest gain, 4,622,. 296 tons, and Kentucky the third largest gain, .'t, 120,070 tons, which was also the largest percentage of increase, amount ing to 19 per cent, of all the i in po r taut coal producing Stains. Indiana was fourth, Illinois fifth, Ohio sixth, and Alabama Seventh, While the total increase w as very large as figured ill Ions, (he percentage is what may he considered nor mal and indicative of healthy industrial activity throughout the country. Coal milling, like nil other in? dustries in the Ohio Valley States, was seriously interfered with by the great Hoods during the spring of 1913, ami Mr. Par ker estimates that from 6 to 10 [million tons of coal would have been added to the year's output hut for this disaster. With no I violent fluctuations in the de? mand by the blast furnaces, steel works and other manu facturing industries, the de maud for coal for those pur? poses .-hows only a normal in? crease. The continued decrease ill the use of fuel oil in the Mid Continent oil field ami the strike in the Colorado coal mines re? sulted in ail increased output of coal in the Central and South? western Slates With a few exceptions, notably in Illinois, Indiana, and Oklahoma, values ranged higher than in former normal years, so that from the producers standpoint the con? ditions in I'M:; were fairly satis factory. I'he development of our coal? mining industry with reference to population presents some in. (cresting comparisons. In IH.'.o the coal output was 7,018,181 j tons, or 0.3 ton for each of the 23,191,870 inhabitants; in issti the population had increased to about ."lO.Ooo.Doii und the produc? tion of coul to about 71,000,000 tons; an average of 1.42 tons per capita. At the close of the nineteenth century the popula? tion was 70,303,387, an increase of a little over ;>t> per cent us compared witli 1880, while the production of coal hud increas? ed nearly 300 pel cent in the same period and averaged 3.53 tons for each person. In lit 13 the per capita production was figured ut 5.85 tons. In addition to this increase in the consump? tion of coal, the use in recent years of petroleum and natural gus should ulso be considered. The coal mines of the country gavo employment in 1018 to an army of nearly three quarters? of u million men?747,644. The average number of days worked by iin> bituminous miners iu 1913 was 282. against '?23 in 1913, while tho average tinn made la the nntharacite mines iu 1913 was the best on record ?257 days for each man. The average production per miner in the bltuminious mines In? creased from 820 tons in 1912 to ?38 toiiB in 1913, both being record-breaking averagee,'While antharacite miners increased their average from 485 tons in 1912 to 532 tons in 1913. GOOD ROADS ASSOCIATION IirUtol, Tenu.?Va., .September 18.? The aiitb annual contention of tho 8i.uth uru Appalachian Good K.tids Association will be held In this city from October rt lo u inclusive This promise* to bo one of the moat important road conventions In tin- history of the south It is of vital Importance to all the people or the Appa? lachian region because it lima at the Rreatei prosperity and the greater eoiii: fort of tho inasees through a system 01 roatll Unit will brlujt the town ami coun Oy folk closer together ami to a better iiudenlanillug of the lutporlant fact that nach on,, la mutually depobrlent upon the Other in .ill things that aim at the accoui plbdmuml of bettor living. This convention will be of vital im ?MMUiico to all people Interested in such ?ie.it through hlghwayi of the Bristol t.. Memphis highway, the Rrlatot-to-Waah. ington highway, the Orest-of-UwUlue rthlga highway, the ltrlstol ltluelleld to. Pittsburgh highway, ilio Itrlstol-to-Xot lolk highway, tin- llrislof to Charlotte highway, the llrisi.il to-Lexington high way, slid numerous other highways of ipeehtl IniporUtico in the masses of many 1.ties u?meam of bringing then) in to e.is) uoutteeoon tfith thathrougb.hlgh Ways mentioned In the foregoing Within the list eight yearn over *,. tXW.OOO.OO baa been appropriate*! awl partly spent in the construction of pike loads in counties of uphet Tennessee ami Southwest Virginia in s|.it<> of this great ibowlug, ibere are ?ups to be olos e.l up in almost ever) county before tlie Appalachian highways wilt be all thai lin y should lie to the people who dwelt within the bomuls uf this promis? ing empire ol agriculture ami Industry? tliis Switzerland of America i'.very patriotic advocate of good roads is urged t" i.UK and work I'm tin* success lif tills great road eoiiveutlnn beonueBof the Iset that it melius new anil more gou bi ill, distributed prosperity among tho ntasscs, u wider comfort aild a nets eu joynieiit of life 'The best can only be sec.pllshed by the co-operatiou of all the people, aiid with this thought kept Uppermost in every oommuuiiy, tlie states intoreated in thbi rood aaaoclation should be represented In lirwtoi liy sev? eral thousand delegates. Kvery oltltuu is expected i.insider himself a delegate to tins convention Notable Speftkor* ire being arranged for, uttl Hie program ?III tie aunouuoed luei Itoards oTTrade ami other com nien i.il organizations, ?nvi-runis ..1 slates and mayors of towns ami cities are I..-in. ic-kist to name delegates who have a gen nine Interest in good roads, ami w ho w ill .?.?in. ami lend theli Influence to tin. sue cess ni tin.rising convention, to tin. end that great things may Ik- aocompllahed along tlie line of mail promotion in ever*,' portion of the A.ppalaablau region It is expected that oltles and Uiwua as I n .?"Ulli as Memphis will scud automo? bile -emit tiarth-a to the conveutlnu, while oilier parties are expected from towns and cities as far east ns Washing, ton ami Norfolk I toad subjects, such as financing, lo? cation, uheraoter of conatruotlun', etc., o e to be dismissed by experts Ministers Urged to Preach Educational Sermons. All ministers of tho Gospel are urged liy the Co-operative Education Associa? tion in preach in tin- month of September a Minion on tin- Importance of education. Klgbl per cent, of the white people over leu years of ago in Virginia are illiterate ami in every community is to be fo-.uut a number i>r pel sons who fail u> give tho public school proirer support At this linn: when the schools aio openiug, what wuulil be more appropriate than for tho inlnhVter to iinprcaa upon tils congrega? tion the advantages of an education and the claims of the public schools. The Co? operative Kdiiealioii Association from its Richmond office will be glad to furnish any minister in the slate with brief but I pertinent data oil public education j "Crowns of autumn hats are I high and pert looking," is the iword from fashion head quartors. No inentiou is made * of the wearers.