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The Big Stone Gap post. [volume] (Big Stone Gap, Wise County, Va.) 1892-1928, October 07, 1914, Image 1

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The Big Stone Gap Post. _
v?l' xxi'' big stone gap. wise county, va.. wednesday, october 7, 1914. nV 4T
Paying The Bills.
'arioiiH estimates, nil based
upon conjecture, arc going the!
rouuda oh to the cost in money I
of the European war, and writ
erf Upon economic questions |
have I.n busy guessing how
the bills are to he paid after the
is over.
.\ professor in Columbia Uni
varsity lias estimated that war
costing in money $50,000,000
it liny, and this figure is ncccpl
e,| l>y many writers, ulthou>;h
lie' lahles upon which the esti?
mate is made are anything hut
convincing. No allowance
made for the fact that, if the
war had not taken place, the
war of armaments would have
nevertheless continued and the
countries of Europe would have
gone on lighting each other
with high taxes to support ever
growing armies and navies.
As a mutter of fact there is
mi way at all convincing of es?
timating the cost of the war.
hi addition to the heavy bur
dens already imposed for sup?
porting these immense armies
on a peace hnsis, the vast ox-1
pease of military operations is
milled. Upon this iB superim?
posed the terrible loss to life
und property in the war /one.
the paralysis of business, the
suspension of credit, the re?
duced output of factories, fields
and mines. Something more
than war debts and war indem?
nities will have to he paid for
after this war, and it may re?
quire many years to accomplish
this, whether the war lasts six
months or one year or three.
There is, however, one sure
Way of helping to meet the cost
after the war, and this is by re?
ducing military and naval ex?
penses in time of peace. After
Napoleon crushed Prussia in
180V he imposed a treaty limit
tilg the Prussian army on a
peace footing to a comparative?
ly small body of men. The
statesmen of Prussia at the
lime thought that limitation
meant ruin. It brought salva?
tion. For a few critical years
I'rtlSsia wan not able to levy
war taxes in large huiiis, and
in that brief period the country
i.dlied and was on a sound
footing when the war for the
deliverance of Germany oanie
in 1913.
The latest figures obtainable
ol the amounts of lntillcv spent
iiiiiuiully by the countries now
at war?^Germany, Russia,
Prance and Austria?in times
"I peace show that the enor?
mous sum of $1,456,000,000 was
consumed for tint maintenance
ot armies and navies on a peace
footing. This was divided as
Kussiau army, $317,000,000;
Kassian navy, $122,000,000;
Qsrnian army, $220,000,000;
Uermau navy, $111,000,000;
French army, 1191,000,000;
Kreuch uavy, $120.000,000;
British army, $210,000,000;
Uritish navy, $224,000,000;
Austrlnn army, $100,000,000;
\iistrian navy, $40,000,000;
Total, $1,456,000,000.
this is a sum of money, all
consumed in one yoar, to sup?
port the armies and navies of
live Europenu nations, consid?
erable in excess of the national
debt of the government of the
1 nited States ami more than
the national d*jbl of the Empire
of "iiormany at the beginning
?f this war.
It is obvious that there is
loom for entrenchment in this
expense, all of which is unpro?
ductive and most of which is
unnecessary. Granted that all
the warring nations will feel,
utter tho war, that they must
maintain for police purposes
armies and navies of some kind,
it would not be difficult, if an
international agreement could
be secured, or forced, to reduce
this military expense one-half,
or from $lj45&,OUO,000 to $700,
nuo.ooo. The last named would,
unless the was is prolonged to
unprecedented length, more
than pay the interest on the in?
creased war debt and the inter?
est <m such indemnities that
may he imposed.
All of ibis is to come later,
but it seems a demonstrable
proposition that only by resort?
ing to such methods for reduc?
ing national expenses can the
nations of Europe avoid even?
tual bankruptcy. Louisville
Formal Certificates Being
Sent Children Whose
Births Are Recorded.
Richmond, Va., .October, 2. -
When children born in Vir-|
ginia after January 1, 1914, arel
questioned in court or in school'
as to their ages, they will not
have to send for the family Bi?
ble or the physician who at?
tended their births. They will
merely have to produce the
birth-cards which are now be?
ing sent out by the Bureau of
Vital Statistics of the Board of
Health to all children whose
birth cortIRcates are properly
tiled by the physicians and are
forwarded to the State archives
by the local registrars.
Kver since the vital statistics
law went into effect in June,
1912, the State Board of Health
has been working on plans by
which it could give to each
child some evidence that the
certificate had been tiled. The
law provided that lawful copies
of birth and death certificates
should be supplied upon request
on the payment of a small fee.
But it was thought by the
board that the children should
be given without expense some
abstract of the certificate?
To meet this need, the Board
has ordered and is now sending
out in the form of postcards,
attractive certificates, showing
the name, parentage, race, sox,
place of birth, etc, of children
whose complete birth certifi?
cates are on file. As each of
these cards bears the number
of the record in the State ar?
chives, reference is easy. The
Bureau believes that these cards
will meet most of the demands
for some semi-legal record of
birth in case the age of chil?
dren is questioned, The card
will also enable interested per?
sons to reach tin? full legal rec?
ord, the birth certificate, with?
out delay.
Birth cards will, of course,
not be sent where the full par?
entage is not given and cannot
be forwarded where the pnst
oftice address of the parents is
incomplete or obscure on the
original certiticuto. The Board
hopes at a later time to be able
tosend cards to all children
horn since the now law went
into effect, but for the present
will attempt only to send cards
for births reported since .lauti
tiry 1, 1014.
U. D. C. Meeting.
The Big Stone Hap Chapter
of the United Daughters of the
Confederacy will meet Wed?
nesday afternoon, Oct. 14th,
with Mrs. J. H. Hagy, at Im
boden. All daughters are re?
quested to meet at tho home of
lairs. H. A. W. Skeen, with
their cars and leave promptly
ut 2::?) o'clock.
Mrs. Malcolm Smith,
Recording Secrotury.
County Fair
Held at Wise Last Week a
Grand Success.
Wise, Va., Sept., 29.?A.t the
first Wise County Fair held at
Wise today there were.60Up.peo*
pie in attendance. The County
School Fair was held at the
High School building at the
Btune time and a county teach?
ers' mooting. Noar 1600. school
children were present and form?
ed in line and marched from
the school to the fair grounds.
The exhibits at the fair were
of the highest quality. The
ex hi nit of fruit was of such
quality as to cause comment
trom those who had visited the
World's Fair ami State Fairs,
it is not likely (lint tin- apples
could be excelled in t >ld Virgin?
ia at any rate. The farm prod?
ucts building, a lar^e one, was
tilled to its capacity with the
farm products from the green
Heids of Wise ('ounty.
Among the many prizes
awarded were the following:
Most 10 ears wlute corn. I 'reed
Blantou, Big Stone (.lap. Sec?
ond best in ears white corn.
Andy Hood, Big Stone Gap.
Best lo ears yellow corn,
Clay burn Bloomer, Dooley.
Most lu ears pop corn, Ralph
MeLemore, Wist-. I
Most single ear white corn, II.
('. Stewart, Mig Stone Gap.
Second best single ear, I'M Vic?
ars, Wise.
BOYS' CORN (1,1 M. Hen?
ry Hamilton tlrst prize on the
best in ears of white corn, Flat
(iap; second prize, Jackson
Jesse, Wise. liest single ear
white corn, Henry Hamilton,
Flat (iap. Second best single
ear while corn, Dallas Moiling,
Plat Gap.
Most display of Mowers, Sam
fuaclcer, wise.
Most peck of Irish potatoes,
S. F. Porter, Wise. Second
best, peck of Irish potatoes, ,1.
P. Scott, Wise.
Most peck of sweet potatoes,
S. F. Porter, Wise. Second
best peck of sweet potatoes,
Jake Mall, Wise.
Ed Vicurs and Walter Hush
won the larger number of
prizes in the department of
Horticulture, both of them
baying excellent exhibits.
P. (i. Lit/, and Sam Ramsey
and others also bad line exhib?
its of fruit.
John L. I,it/, of Cobburn,
was awarded the prize for the
largest pumpkin, and was as
sured of the fai t that such a
pumpkin could not have I.n
grown under any but a demo
cratic administration,
John Hab-'s farm exhibit,
containing a variety of things,
among them some very line to
bacco, attracted much atten?
The exhibit of women's work
was very elaborate, occupying
all of otu- Bide of the largo
Kay Lipps has been smiling
broadly and continuously sinco
ho wns informed of the fact
that his youngest heir wns
picked by the judges as the
best all round baby under 18
mouths of age.
Sovoral exciting races were
run by the local horsemen, one
of which resulted in Sheriff
llovorley falling from his horse.
His fall was occasioned by the
horse stumbling in Jibe soft
ground and throwing his rider
over his head and rolling entire?
ly over him. "Jinks" says ho
is not hurt ami wo trust that
he is correct in his statement.
Second Day.
Wise, V a., Sept. 3D.?Another
?o?u peoplo passed through tiie
Kates ut tho fair grounds today,
making u total of 10,000 for the
two days.
Among the premiums award?
ed today -wore tho following:
Kost air round baby, under
years of age, Paul Bent ley, sou
of .Mr. and Mjs. W. 0. Bentloy,
a handsome lloosier kitchen
cubinet ijivun. by W. 11. Ford
Furniture Company, at Norton.
A stool, range to Mrs. W. J.
Horsloy, of liig Stone Uap, for
winning tho largest uuuihor of
points in tho cooking depart?
ment. This range was given
by Norh'on H ardware Company.
Clayljurn Hloomer, of Dooley,
was award oil first prize for the
best draught stallion, and John
I,it/., of Coeburn, second prize.
I'M Vicars won first prize on
liest Jersey anil Holstein hulls.
1*. W. Beverley won first
pri/.e on best Hereford bull, and
\V. H, Hamilton second prize.
Sam Hamsey, of Wise No. 1,
was awarded first prize for the
largest cabbage head and Wade
l.ipps first on the largest roost?
er, and W. O. Hentley, second.
Miss Sarah Cockran, of Big
Stone (iap, made a most beau,
tiful exhibit of products grown
on a town lot in Rig Stone.
We dare say tbut there a few
farmers in Wise County who
grow as many different things
on their farms as this young
lady grow in her small garden.
There were a number of prizes
given in the ladies' department
for fancy work and cooking.
John Scott's long skinny gray
horse, ridden by William Scott,
ran away with about all the
prizes for speed, although he
bad many competitors.
J. 0. Stiles will leave for
Richmond tomorrow, where he
will make an exhibit at the
State Fair for Wise County.
Mr. Irvine Speaks
at East Stone Gap,
Hon. R, Tttte Irvine spoke at
Kast Stone Gap to a very large
audience Saturday night. Mr.
Irvine reviewed the work of
the Democratic administration
under Wilson and Bryan, tell?
ing how be stood by them in
the Baltimore convention, lie
Bald the chief issue was: "Is
the Democratic administration
under Wilson a success or fail?
ure:" He said ho stood square?
ly on too Democratic platform
and predicted that the voters
of the Ninth would endorse the
administration by electing him
to t iongross.
Mr. Irvine discussed llio lur?
id, declaring that the Republi?
cans were insincere in saying
that the Democrats caused the
coke ovens to shut down. Ho
said that when the furnace at
l'.ig Stone (lap and many other
furnaces in the Ninth district
shut down in 1007 under the
Republicans, Mr. Taft failed to
cause them to resume work in
four years and he -.aid that
burl the coke production here
very materially. Mr. Irvine
said that there were as many
coke ovens in blast now as un?
der the Republicans since W07.
He claimed that ID.il was the
banner coul year for Virginia.
Mr. Irvine discussed the
(ilass-Owen Currency Law now
about to be put into effect,
which, he claimed, would take
the money away from Wall
Street, making a panic practi?
cally impossible. lie defended
the Anti-Trust Hills now before
Congress, defended the Wat
Tax, saying that it was pretty
much the same as that levied
in the Spanish-American War.
Mr. Irvine said that on account
of the European War it was
necessary to raise a revenue
this way, on account that very
few things were now imported.
-Mr. Irvine held his listeners'
attention, und many of them
were Republicans, for nearly
two hours, anil he strongly en?
dorsed President Wilson's
watchful waiting policy, declar?
ing the nations at war needed a
Wilson to carry them through.
He criticised Congressman
Slemp's record in Congress, de?
claring that be had been absent
when some of the most minor
unit measures were being con.
sidered in the history of the
Xation. Mr. Irvine saiil Mr.
Blemp was (he Republican boss
of Virginia, as was Pen rose in
Pennsylvania, and that since
Wilson has been President,
bosses in the Democratic party
are a thing of the past. Ho de?
clared that tho farmers wore
getting more for their products
than ever before.
Mr. Irvine declared that he
had been received by large
crowds evory where he hud
spoke in the Ninth Distriot anil
that he believed he would win.
He endorsed every measure un?
der the Democratic administra?
tion und stated that he would
help Wilson and Hryan and a
Democratic Congress give this
country good luws that would
bring us to prosperity.
Unusual Case.
A very unusual cose was
hoard hore on Thunulny last
before the Federal Court, unit
Html in tln> make-up of the
Court, in the porsoncl of the
eoansel, in the Importance of
the matter of the coal Heids of
Virginia, and in the novelty of
the issues. The Court was com?
posed of Circuit Judges J. U.
Pritchurd and O. A. Wood,
and District Judge Henry Mc?
Dowell. Ex-Governor Jos. \V.
Kolk and Mr. K. II. Hart, of
Washington, represented the
Interstate Commerce Conunis
sion. Mr. BlaekbUrn Esterline,
Special Assistant to the Attor
loy General, represented the
interest of the united States.
Messrs. Helm Bruce and W. A.
Colston, of Louisville, Ky., rep?
resented the Louisville it Nash?
ville Railroad Co., Mr. W. A.
Glasgow, Jr., of Philadelphia,
Pa. an.I Mr. .1. V. Bullitt of this
place, represented the Slonega
Coke and Coal Co, and Bluck
Wood Codi and t'oke Co., and
Mr. It. T. Irvine, of this place,
represented the Black Moun
tain Company and other opera ;
tors in the St". Charles Held.
Briefly stated, the matter in?
volved was this: In 1011 tho
Louisville .\- Nashville liail
load Company tiled turilTs on
Coal and cuke moving from the
Virginia fields to points North
of the Ohio River, by which
they undertook to increase the
rales on coal and coke from 25c
to .;.".<? por ton. The Stouega
t'oke and Coal Company and
others math- complaint to the
Interstate Commerce Commis?
sion and the Commission sus?
pended Ho- i .it.-.-, and ordered an
investigation. Weeks a u d
months of time were spent in
taking proof and the case was
dually decided hy tho Commis?
sion nearly two years ago, their
decision being in favor of the
Coal operators, and prohihiting
the Louisville & Nashville Kail
road Company from Increasing
the rales. Shortly after this
decisiotl the Louisville iV. Nash?
ville It til I road Company Qled
certain lurifTs applying to rales
on coal operations in the .lelli
co, Middlesboro, Pineville and
Marian Districts, in Kentucky,
by which they undertook to re?
duce the rates from _'."?<? to 36c
lower than the rates from the
Virginia Holds, In other words,
not. having been allowed to in?
crease the rales from the Vir?
ginia lields they sought to give
preference to t h e Kentucky
lields by lowering the rates
from tho Kentucky lields. Mr.
It. T. Irvine, on behalf of the
Black Mountain Coal Land Co.
and a number of St. Charles
operators intervened in this last
named case, and after a full
hearing the commission allow?
ed the Kailroad Company to
decrease, slightly some of its
rates from tin- Kentucky Held,
hut prohihiting (hem from de?
creasing the rates to the extent
that they wished.
The present suit is a suit by
the Louisville .V Nashville Itail
road Company nominally
against tin- United States us
defendant in which they seek
to have the Federal Court sol
aside and annul the ordeis of
tin.- Interstate Commerce Com?
mission in both of the above
cases. The V irgiuia operators
claim that if the Kailroad Com?
pany is successful, and if the
orders of the Commission are
annulled, and the excessive
rates uro posed by tho L. & N.
become effective that they will j
nut In- able lu ship a ion of coal
from this region over the L. &
N. to Northwest territory, and
that their operations will be
greatly-'crippled tht-reby. This
is tin- first suit of tin- kind that
has evor been drought in this
At the hearing the Railroad
Company undertook to intro?
duce voluminous new evidence
in the shape of affidavits. The
defendants objected on the
ground that no new evidence
could be heard, claiming that
the case would have to he heard
on the evidence as it was pre?
sented originally to the Inter?
state Commerce Commission.
After considerable argument
the Court decided this point in
favor of the defendants.
Thereupon the railroad Com?
pany offered certified copies of
portions of the evidence which
had been Introduced before the
Interstate Commerce Commis?
sion. The defendants again
objected on the ground that it
was not competent to offer
only portions of the Record?
that if they offered any part of
the Record) they would have to
Offer the whole thereof. The
Court also sustained this ob?
jection. The Attorneys for the
L. & X. thereupon stated that
they did not have a full copy of
Record, and asked for a con?
tinuance of the case in order to
Hive them an opportunity to
eet a complete copy. The
L'ourt granted the motion and
continued the case until No?
vember 23rd, to be heard at
Richmond, Virginia.
While the two points decided
in favor of the defendants were
technical only, yet the defend?
ants' attorneys feel that they
have already won the case,
that is, that if the case is to be
hoard only upon the evidence
which was before the Inter?
state Commerce Commission,
the Court will certainly deny
the injunction; because, in a
case of this kind it is only nec?
essary to show that there was
substantial evidence before the
Commission to justify its find?
ings. In other words, it is like
setting aside the verdict of the
Jury. A Court may be of opin?
ion that the verdict of the Jury
was wrong, ami that if it had
boeil in the place of the Jury it
wiiuhl have come to a different
conclusion, yet if there is any
substantial evidence to support
the verdict the Court can not
set it aside. Counsel for de?
fendants claims that there was
not only substantial evidence
boforo'the Commission to sup
port its conclusions, hut thai
the Court itself, after it reviews
theevicence, will lie bound to
come to the same conclusions
that the Commission did. The)
feel, therefore, that the opera?
tors in this region need not lose
any sleep over the case.
Good Roads
The Hoard of Supervisors of
Wise County, under the super?
vision of Mr. I'!. J. frescolt,
chairman of the board, has got?
ten up a neat little folder con?
taining a road map of the coun?
ty and a beautiful scene show?
ing a section of mir new iys
lein of county roads, together
with statistics pertaining to
the cost of them, which will he
distributed at the Road Con
volition which meets in Bristol
this Week.
Mr. I'rescott and a huge num?
ber of other Wise County own?
ers of automobiles and road en?
thusiasts went to Bristol ye,
terday to attend the conven?
tion, and we Venture the asser?
tion that no county in the
southwest will be better repre?
sented than Wise County, the
pioneer county of this section
in road building. I bis county
has spent over a million dollars
for good roads within the past
four years und has one of the
best systems of maoadamixed
roads of any county in the
Irvine and Slemp Heard In
Dickinson County.
Others Speak.
(Jlintwood, Va., Sept. 2'.?.?
Large crowds wore hero today
for tin. Demooratic and Repub?
lican spoukiug. Hon. R, T?te
Irvine, Democratic candidate
for congress and Congressman
('. B. Slemp, Republican nomi?
nee for re-ohsclion, each ad?
dressed large audiences. Judge.
Samuel W. Williams, attorney
general of Virginia, and Ex
Senator It. P. Bruce spoke for
Irvine also. Hon. Thomas J.
Muncey, former district attor?
ney and Senator John C. Noel,
of Lee, spoke for Slemp.

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