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The Big Stone Gap Post.
VOE Xyif, -JjQSIONE GAjrVWlSE"COUNTY. "VA^ArVCDNESDAY. NOVEMBER 477^4."~ No~45 Must Protect School Chil? dren. Sanitary Conditions in Many Schools Endanger Health of Pupils. Richmond, Va., October 30.? If the health of Virginia chit, dren in to be protected during the long hours they upend iii the public schools of the Com n mwealth, Banitaty conditions in the schools must be Improv? ed, in the judgment of the Hoard of Health which today sent out some 18,000 cop 11 a of a new hulletiu on the "Sanitary School." I'he Hoard's recommenda ns for better sanitation in the Bchools are based on inves? tigations made in many parts ? the State and include the re Bults of the medical examina? tion 6f several thousand Bohool children. In one county, where conditions were no worse than ? ??where, the Board's inspect ora found tho following sur? prising situation: The eyes of '21,5 per cent of the children were defective and ? ?I ?'>.! per cent seriously defect? ive* j The hearing of 7..'i per cent of children was faulty. I'he tonsils of one-third of (ho children and the adenoids ? ?I 24.7 per cent were enlarged. Thirty-one per cent of the children had nose trouble. I'he permanent teeth of 58 per cent and the lirst teeth of 12 per cent were defective. Kighteen and one-half per til of the children bad enlarg? ed glands. One child in every six M7..">) was abnormally pale. The lungs of 3.7 per cent of the children were involved. About 'JO por cent of the chil? dren had hookworm disease. The Hoard holds that while tome of the responsibility for tins distressing showing cannot bo placed oil the schools, much of the do(eotiye eye sight, the bronchial and nasal troubles and the like must be traced to thu schools where bad lighting, bad air, dust, bail water and especially the lack of sanitary outhouses render easy the spread of disease. To correct these conditions and to give the children those safeguards to which they are entitled, the Hoard urges the installation of sanitary out lio'UBOS and more adequate ar? rangements for heating, venti? lating, controlling dust and dirt and for good water, better lighting and seating. Where rlie expense of desired changes ifl too great, the Hoard suggests the installation of devices w liich are simple and not cost ly. In particular it suggests several forms of sanitary out? houses and various methods of procuring ventilation. I'he Boartl thinks that the patrons of the school and the parents of the pupils can bo of grout assistance to the teacher in working out necessary sani? tary betterments and it com? mends in particular the work being done for the improvement nf scnbOlS by the Co-operative Kftucition Association. Kor much of the progress that has heeii made in the sanitation of many rural schools, the Hoard thinks tho Co-operative Kduca lion Association and the State Hoard of Education largely de ?rve the credit. Copies of the hulletiu on the ' Sanitary School" may be bad ??a request to the State Hoard ?f Health, at its headquarters in this city. The Editor Told Him. The Lyons Progress saya a north Georgia editor received tIris inquiry from a subscriber: "Please let me know what the weather is going to be this "?eek," to which the editor re? plied: "According to the forecast, tho woather for the week will he like your subscription." I'he inquirer was puzzled for a moment, but dually thought of looking into ids almanac, when I"! discover-d that tho forecast tar the week was "Unsettled." Wise County Medical Society. The Wise County Medicni So? ciety inet in regular session in the oflicos of Urs. Qihner and Kaker, Big Stone Gap, Virgin? ia, .t:.'!0 o. m., October il, l'. H, witli President Dr. J. H. llagy. presiding. In thje absence of the regular secretary, Dr. T. M. Cherry, the President appointed Dr. T. J. Tuder, Secrotury pro tein. Those present at this meet? ing were Doctors Hagy, Oil. mer, Baker, Stoehr, Peters, Harry Smith, Bowyer. and Tuder. There was an informal dis? cussion as to membership iu State Society, and more par? ticularly as to membership in this county society, whether irregular practionnrs of medi cine licensed by the State for years of practice should be ad? mitted or not, but nothing defi? nite waB decided aud no reso? lution passed. Dr. Ts .1. Tuder read a paper on the treatment of Eclampsia which was pronounced most, excellent by all present. Dr. W. B. Peters reported a most interesting case ol typhoid fever complicated with cholecy? stitis. Dr. William A. Baker dis? cussed very fully ''What action should we take in regard to tin threat of the State Tax Com? mission to recommend the re? peal of the receut license law." Dr. (J. B. Bowyer reported three very instructive cases of ileocolitis in which be used Bacillus Bulgarian tablets with remarkable success. There was a free and general discussion of all of these sub? jects und upon motion of Dr. Baker, Dr. C. B. Bowyer, of Monega, was appointed a spec? ial delegate from this society to the next meeting of the Med? ical Society of Virginia to pre? sent this resolution, which was unanimously adopted by this society: Whereas, after years of ted? ious elVori our labors were re? warded by the repeal of the odious revenue lic.euse on phy? sicians, and since this burden has been removed there has sprung into existence a class of people who would have us make brick, straw or no straw; Be it resolved that wo do hereby renounce and condemn any effort that is being made, or that, may be made hereafter to place a tax on the practice of medicine: as unjust and in upaitous, for the reason that physicians do more charity work for the Commonwealth than all other professions com? bined, aud furthermore that the Commonwealth requires her physicians to appropriate their tune and money in report? ing vital statistics; He it- resolved further, that, if the license tax is again pine on the practice of medicine, that we declare war to the up pormost on the men ami party responsible, and that we will refuse to report births and deaths, or anything else per? taining to vital statistics, un? less we are amply repaid so to do. Norton was unanimously se? lected as the place for the next meeting, which will be in Jan? uary. The mooting adjourned to the Monte Vista Hotel, where the Society was the guest of the Big Stone Hap physicians at a most elegant dinner, which wns as follows: Qrape Fruit i Half Bprtug ducken, broiled Fried I'm Trout Sliced told Turkey with Cranberry .lolly Small Kreuch l'oas Sarataga latit.ir.m-s Asparagus 'Dpi on Toaal Tomatoes and I-cUikt .Shrimp Salad I Kruil .lolly with Whipped Cream (!aramet Layer Cuke Malaga (Intpua Demi Tusso FOR RENT. Nice residence in a most de? sirable part, of town, near the Methodist Parsonage. Has seven rooms, bath, hot and cold water. Terms reasonable. Apply to H. J. Ayers, Big Stone Gap, Va. Record. Only 4.012 Cases Reported and 7,460 Estimated for Year 1913-14. Richmond, Va., Oct. '28.? Statistics just compiled by the State Board of Health for the year ending September 110, 101 + shows that Virginia has had less typhoid during the past twelve mouths than during any year in tin- records of the Board and only 5'J per cent as many eases as during the year 100S-?O, the first for which statistics are available. 'The aggregate number of eases of typhoid fever for the first nine months of the calen? dar year lull was likewise less than that for the corresponding mouths of tiny previous year. Only 1,012 cases were reported from October I, 1013 to Sep? tember 30,1014, and the total number estimated for the same period was T, 1611. lu 1008 00, the first yeur fol? lowing the reorganization of the State's health forces, 7,442 cases were reported. 1 I .ill's were estimated for the State. In L,00?-1Q these tiguies dcrcreased to 0(771 and 11,843 respectively, lu 1010-11, reported cases were ?'?.'.'?V and estimated cases 11,803. Kor 1011 12, 4,008 cases wete re? ported and S.170 estimated. This was at the time a low level and tvas attributed in large de? gree to the unusually favorable I weather conditions. In 1012-13,1 when the spring was early and the summer hot, the number of cases increased above the rec? ord for 1011.12 and reached 1),830 reported ami 10,.">71 esti? mated cases. For 1013-14, there j was thus a decrease below 1012-13 of 1,827 reported and 9,11) estimated cases ami a de? crease of 606 reported anil 1,010 estimated cases below, the pre? vious State record. It is pointed out that this re? duction in the number of cases of typhoid fever means not only a great reduction in sickness hut a positive saving of human life, 11 tit I conditions in Virgin? ia since 1008-00 remained as they were in that report year, the Board's tigures show that 2,180 persons who have alto? gether escaped typhoid fever would during the same period have died of it. ''It is needless to remark," said on oHirer of the Board to? day, in announcing the figures for 1013-14, "that this notable result was only possible through the activity ami interest of the people of the State in matters of public health. We had only 52 per cent as much typhoid as in 1008-00 because the people have learned how they may prevent the disease and are ap? plying that knowledge. We could have no typhoid if the people of the State were to de? cide they would eradicate this plague and would bend their energies to the task while spend? ing sufficient money in preven? tion. The eases estimated for the State during 1013-1,4, 7,400 are just 7,4iiti too many. "Aside from this widespread interest and co-operation in im proving sanitary conditions, the late spring of 1011 undoubt? edly helped reduce the morbid? ity from typhoid. In the sumo way, the use of typhoid vaccine in families where the disease appeared und among thosu who had been exposed to it has play? ed a considerable part in limit? ing the ravages of the disease. "The fact that only two out? breaks of consequence were re? ported during the past year is typical of the changed condi? tions and of the general pre? cautions now being taken. When we are careful enough to protect ourselves from filth, we can rid Virginia of typhoid." Card of Thanks. We wish to thank the kind friends who ministered to us in our sad bereavement, the loss of husband, father and brother. May Qoii's richest blessings rest upon all who rendered as? sistance in thiB time of deep Borrow. nEr-i,->;tr. | Mrs. Staeoy and family. Howard Majrnesg, PROCLAMATION BY PRESIDENT WILSON. New Advantages for Ameri? can Nation and Closer World Ties, by Reason of War, Referred to in Fixing Thanks? giving Date. Washington, Oct. 28,?Presi? dent Wilson today issued a proclamation designating Thursday, November 2(!th, as Thanksgiving Day. The proclamation, which re fers to the fact that the United States is at puaco while the rest of the world is at war. fol? lows: 'By tho President of the United States of America: "A Proclamation "It has long been honored custom of our people to turn in the fruitful autumn of the year in praise and thanksgiving to Almighty Gbfl for Iii? many blessings and mercies to us as a Nation: The year that is now drawing to a close since we last observed our day of national thanksgiving has been, while a year of discipline because of the mighty forces of war and of chaugo which have disturb? ed the world, also a year of special blessing for us. "It has been vouchsafed to us to remain at peace, with honor, and in some part to suc? cor the snlTering and supply the needs of those who are in want. We havo been privi jedged by our own peace and sell-control in some degree to steady the counsels ami shape the hopes and purposes of a day of fear and distress. Our peo? ple have looked upon their Own life as a Nation with a deeper comprehension, a fuller reali/.a lion of their responsibilities as well as of their blessings, and a keener sensu of the moral and practical significance of what their part among the Nations of tho world may come to he. "The hurtful effects of for? eign war in their own industrial und commercial affairs have made them feel tho more fully and see. the more clearly their mutual inter-dependence upon one another and has stirred them to a helpful co operation, such as they have seldom prac? ticed before. They have been Quickened by a great moral Stimulation. Their numistak able ardor for peace, their ear? nest pity and disinterested sym? pathy for those who are suitor ing, their readiness to help and to think of the needs of others, has revealed to themselves us well as to the world. "Our crops will feed all who [need food; the self-possession of OUT,people amidst tho most serious anxieties and difficulties and the steadiness nt.d resource? fulness of our business men will serve other Nations (is well as our own. "The business of the country | has been supplied with new in? strumentalities und the com? merce of the world with new channels of trade and inter? course. The Panama canal has been opened to the com inerch of Nations. The two continents of America have been hound in closer lies of friendship. Now instrumental? ities of international trade have been created which will also be new instrumentalities of ac? quaintance, intercourse and mutual service. Never before have the people of tho United States been so situated for their own advantage or the udvan tage of their neighbors, or so equipped to serve themselves und mankind. "Now, therefore^ I, Wood row Wilson, President of the United States of America, do hereby designate Thursday, the twen? ty sixth day of November next, as a day of thanksgiving anil prayer, and invite the people throughout the land to pease from their wonted occupations and in their several homes and places ?<< worship render thanks to Almighty God. "Xn witness Whereof, 1 have hereunto set my. hand and caus? ed the seal of the United States to bo affixed. "Done at the City of Wash? ington, this twenty-eighth day of October, in the year of our Lord, one thousand nine hun dred and fourteen and of the independence of the t'nited States of America, tiie one huh. dred and thirty-ninth, ?'WOODROW WILSON. "By tlio President: "ROBERT LANSING, Acting Secretary of Slate." Test Your Milk. Farm Demonstrator, J. C. Stiles, of Wise, Va., has in his possession a milk tester which is supplied by the State Do Uarihieut of Agriculture, Pure Food and Dairy Department, and is now in a position to test the percentage of butter fat in milk. Pivo pounds of btttter fat makes six pounds of butter. To test a cow's milk will cost the owner of the cow nothing and it will ho of value to him to know just how much better ? me cow is than another. All dairy men in addition to keep ing a record of the number of pounds of milk a cow produces, test the milk regularly. A half pint is a BUiucfontquantity to make the lest. This should be an average sample. A test of the last milk would not be a fair test nor would it be fair to take the lirut milk drawn. The first is the poorer and the last the richer, (.the Strippings), All the milk should he drawn from the cow and thoroughly mixed and then the halt' pint taken Tor testing. 11 is better still to take the morning and evening milking and mix these and take the sample. A cow's milk is generally richer as the period of lactation advances and poor? er immediately after she is fresh. It takes only about 10 to 15 minutes to make tho test. The tester is a small outfit und can easily be, carried. Those who would like to have their cows tested should make appli? cation to Mr. Stiles. Big Political Day. Perhaps the largest and most enthusiastic crowd that ever gathered in Big Stone (lap was here Saturday to hear the Dem? ocrat and Republican candi? dates, lion. K. T. Irvine ami lion. D. ('. Slump in their con? gressional race The attend? ance was estimated to bo about fifteen hundred. This being the home town of both candidates they decided to close their ouihpaigtl here after vigorous work throughout the district. The Democrats held their speaking at the base ball park, where ample preparations were made for a big feast. Hon. It. T. Irvine, the Democratic can? didate for Congress, spoke in the forenoon. .Sir. Irvitie de? livered a splendid speech and was cheered repeatedly by an enthusiastic audience. At the close of his speech the crowd was invited to partake of the good things to eat at the mess hoU'se on i ho grounds. In the afternoon (luv. Henry C. Stuart und Senator Claude A. Swatison spoke and held the audience to close attention for about two hours. The Roda Band furnished excellent music for tho occasion and the crowd went away feel? ing very much enthused over the speaking. At 7::tu o'clock the Republi? cans gathered in the school house where Hon. C. B. Slump, the Republican candidate for Congress, and Hon. Leslie M. Shaw delivered splendid speeches to a packed house. All standing room available was taken up and a large num. her could not gain admission to the building. Mr. Slemp was much enthuaod over the large gathering and everyone seem ed to enjoy the speaking. Music waH furnished by the famous Itoda Band. GOLF NOTES. Last week closed the gentle? men's open championship golf matches of which IL K. Fox won the first flight by defeat? ing Dr. Stoehr in tho finals and M. 11. Graber winning the sec? ond tlight by defeating B. K. Rhoads In the finals. These two gentlemen will be present? ed with suitable cups by tho Club. This closed the senea of match plays for the season. Radford Nor? mal Notes. Tho Glee Club in the Normal School, including forty mem? bers, has been organized. Tho officers of the Club are: Miss Kti/.aheth Moran, President; Miss Juno McCounell, Vice President; Miss Elsie Walters, l.'ensor, and Miss Mona Myer, See rotary-Treasurer. 1'rof. J. K. Avont, of the De? partment of Education, attend? ed the Teachers' Institute in Bland County Monday and Tuesday. He gave an address before the touchers and the public. Miss Blanche Bulifant, Su? pervisor of the 'Training School, spoke before the Wytho County Teachers' Institute tin "'Teach? ing Heading." 'The excavation for the new dormitory has been completed and the concrete for the foot? ings aud the lirsl story is being poured. On Saturday night the Poca hontas Literary Society will give a re?eptioh'. Invitations have been sent out. 'The recep? tion will be held In the Society Hall in the administration building. 'The Young Women's Chris? tian Association has been very uctiyo for several weeks in the enlistment, of new members and the organization of the Volunteer Bible course of study ami outlining and planning for the 'Teachers' 'Training courses. Most of the girls in the institu? tion are taking a part in one or more forms of the work Offered by the Association; Dr. J. P. McOonuell attended the Teachers' Institute at Qatc City last Saturday and spoke to the teachers. Work on the "Radnor," the Normal School Annual, has al? ready begun. 'The Editor in chief and other officers of the organization have been elected. 'The Annual last session was an unusually line piece of work. 'The Annual for the present year will he published next spring and will show all the interests and activities of the Institution. Male Stenographers and Type? writers Wanted. The United States Civil Ser? vice Commission announces that it has been unable to sup? ply the demand for male sten? ographers and typewriters in the United States Government service, especially at Washing? ton, I). C. Voting men who are willing to accept appointment at an en trance salary of $840 to $1100 per annum have excellent op? portunities for appointment. Advancement of capable up polhteos is reasonably rapid i Iccasiohal appointment is made at a salary of us much as $1,30(1 per annum, For such salary only those who attain a rating of at least H? per cent in the subject of stenography ami who have had at least two years' practical otlioe exper? ience w ill be certified. 'The Government service of fers a desirable tield to bright and ambitious young men. Kxamiuutumsare held month ly, except in December, in 400 of the principal cities of the United States, ami applications may he tiled with the Commis? sion at Washington, I). C, at any time. ! For full information in regard to the scope and character of the examination and for appli? cation forms address the U.S. Civil Service Commission, Washington, D. C , or the Sec? retary of the U. S. Civil Ser? vice Hoard of examiners at any of the following named cities: Boston, Mass., New York, N. V., Philadelphia, Pa.j Atlanta, Ga., Cincinnati, Ohio, Chicago, 111., St. Paul, Minn., St. Louis, Mo., New Orleacs, La., Seattle, Wash., San Francisco, Ca!., Honolulu, Hawaii, and San Juan, Porto Kico. John A. Mcllhenny, President, 1 S. Civil Service Commission, Washington, D. C.