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The Big Stone Gap post. [volume] (Big Stone Gap, Wise County, Va.) 1892-1928, November 04, 1914, Image 1

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The Big Stone Gap Post.
VOE Xyif, -JjQSIONE GAjrVWlSE"COUNTY. "VA^ArVCDNESDAY. NOVEMBER 477^4."~ No~45
Must Protect
School Chil?
dren.
Sanitary Conditions in Many
Schools Endanger Health
of Pupils.
Richmond, Va., October 30.?
If the health of Virginia chit,
dren in to be protected during
the long hours they upend iii
the public schools of the Com
n mwealth, Banitaty conditions
in the schools must be Improv?
ed, in the judgment of the
Hoard of Health which
today sent out some 18,000 cop
11 a of a new hulletiu on the
"Sanitary School."
I'he Hoard's recommenda
ns for better sanitation in
the Bchools are based on inves?
tigations made in many parts
? the State and include the re
Bults of the medical examina?
tion 6f several thousand Bohool
children. In one county, where
conditions were no worse than
? ??where, the Board's inspect
ora found tho following sur?
prising situation:
The eyes of '21,5 per cent of
the children were defective and
? ?I ?'>.! per cent seriously defect?
ive* j
The hearing of 7..'i per cent of
children was faulty.
I'he tonsils of one-third of
(ho children and the adenoids
? ?I 24.7 per cent were enlarged.
Thirty-one per cent of the
children had nose trouble.
I'he permanent teeth of 58
per cent and the lirst teeth of
12 per cent were defective.
Kighteen and one-half per
til of the children bad enlarg?
ed glands.
One child in every six M7..">)
was abnormally pale.
The lungs of 3.7 per cent of
the children were involved.
About 'JO por cent of the chil?
dren had hookworm disease.
The Hoard holds that while
tome of the responsibility for
tins distressing showing cannot
bo placed oil the schools, much
of the do(eotiye eye sight, the
bronchial and nasal troubles
and the like must be traced to
thu schools where bad lighting,
bad air, dust, bail water and
especially the lack of sanitary
outhouses render easy the
spread of disease.
To correct these conditions
and to give the children those
safeguards to which they are
entitled, the Hoard urges the
installation of sanitary out
lio'UBOS and more adequate ar?
rangements for heating, venti?
lating, controlling dust and
dirt and for good water, better
lighting and seating. Where
rlie expense of desired changes
ifl too great, the Hoard suggests
the installation of devices
w liich are simple and not cost
ly. In particular it suggests
several forms of sanitary out?
houses and various methods of
procuring ventilation.
I'he Boartl thinks that the
patrons of the school and the
parents of the pupils can bo of
grout assistance to the teacher
in working out necessary sani?
tary betterments and it com?
mends in particular the work
being done for the improvement
nf scnbOlS by the Co-operative
Kftucition Association. Kor
much of the progress that has
heeii made in the sanitation of
many rural schools, the Hoard
thinks tho Co-operative Kduca
lion Association and the State
Hoard of Education largely de
?rve the credit.
Copies of the hulletiu on the
' Sanitary School" may be bad
??a request to the State Hoard
?f Health, at its headquarters
in this city.
The Editor Told Him.
The Lyons Progress saya a
north Georgia editor received
tIris inquiry from a subscriber:
"Please let me know what
the weather is going to be this
"?eek," to which the editor re?
plied:
"According to the forecast,
tho woather for the week will
he like your subscription."
I'he inquirer was puzzled for a
moment, but dually thought of
looking into ids almanac, when
I"! discover-d that tho forecast
tar the week was "Unsettled."
Wise County Medical Society.
The Wise County Medicni So?
ciety inet in regular session in
the oflicos of Urs. Qihner and
Kaker, Big Stone Gap, Virgin?
ia, .t:.'!0 o. m., October il, l'. H,
witli President Dr. J. H. llagy.
presiding.
In thje absence of the regular
secretary, Dr. T. M. Cherry,
the President appointed Dr. T.
J. Tuder, Secrotury pro tein.
Those present at this meet?
ing were Doctors Hagy, Oil.
mer, Baker, Stoehr, Peters,
Harry Smith, Bowyer. and
Tuder.
There was an informal dis?
cussion as to membership iu
State Society, and more par?
ticularly as to membership in
this county society, whether
irregular practionnrs of medi
cine licensed by the State for
years of practice should be ad?
mitted or not, but nothing defi?
nite waB decided aud no reso?
lution passed.
Dr. Ts .1. Tuder read a paper
on the treatment of Eclampsia
which was pronounced most,
excellent by all present.
Dr. W. B. Peters reported a
most interesting case ol typhoid
fever complicated with cholecy?
stitis.
Dr. William A. Baker dis?
cussed very fully ''What action
should we take in regard to tin
threat of the State Tax Com?
mission to recommend the re?
peal of the receut license law."
Dr. (J. B. Bowyer reported
three very instructive cases of
ileocolitis in which be used
Bacillus Bulgarian tablets with
remarkable success.
There was a free and general
discussion of all of these sub?
jects und upon motion of Dr.
Baker, Dr. C. B. Bowyer, of
Monega, was appointed a spec?
ial delegate from this society
to the next meeting of the Med?
ical Society of Virginia to pre?
sent this resolution, which was
unanimously adopted by this
society:
Whereas, after years of ted?
ious elVori our labors were re?
warded by the repeal of the
odious revenue lic.euse on phy?
sicians, and since this burden
has been removed there has
sprung into existence a class of
people who would have us make
brick, straw or no straw;
Be it resolved that wo do
hereby renounce and condemn
any effort that is being made,
or that, may be made hereafter
to place a tax on the practice
of medicine: as unjust and in
upaitous, for the reason that
physicians do more charity
work for the Commonwealth
than all other professions com?
bined, aud furthermore that
the Commonwealth requires
her physicians to appropriate
their tune and money in report?
ing vital statistics;
He it- resolved further, that,
if the license tax is again pine
on the practice of medicine,
that we declare war to the up
pormost on the men ami party
responsible, and that we will
refuse to report births and
deaths, or anything else per?
taining to vital statistics, un?
less we are amply repaid so to
do.
Norton was unanimously se?
lected as the place for the next
meeting, which will be in Jan?
uary.
The mooting adjourned to
the Monte Vista Hotel, where
the Society was the guest of
the Big Stone Hap physicians
at a most elegant dinner, which
wns as follows:
Qrape Fruit
i Half Bprtug ducken, broiled
Fried I'm Trout
Sliced told Turkey with Cranberry .lolly
Small Kreuch l'oas Sarataga latit.ir.m-s
Asparagus 'Dpi on Toaal
Tomatoes and I-cUikt
.Shrimp Salad
I Kruil .lolly with Whipped Cream
(!aramet Layer Cuke
Malaga (Intpua
Demi Tusso
FOR RENT.
Nice residence in a most de?
sirable part, of town, near the
Methodist Parsonage. Has
seven rooms, bath, hot and
cold water. Terms reasonable.
Apply to H. J. Ayers, Big
Stone Gap, Va.
Record.
Only 4.012 Cases Reported
and 7,460 Estimated for
Year 1913-14.
Richmond, Va., Oct. '28.?
Statistics just compiled by the
State Board of Health for the
year ending September 110, 101 +
shows that Virginia has had
less typhoid during the past
twelve mouths than during any
year in tin- records of the Board
and only 5'J per cent as many
eases as during the year 100S-?O,
the first for which statistics
are available.
'The aggregate number of
eases of typhoid fever for the
first nine months of the calen?
dar year lull was likewise less
than that for the corresponding
mouths of tiny previous year.
Only 1,012 cases were reported
from October I, 1013 to Sep?
tember 30,1014, and the total
number estimated for the same
period was T, 1611.
lu 1008 00, the first yeur fol?
lowing the reorganization of
the State's health forces, 7,442
cases were reported. 1 I .ill's were
estimated for the State. In
L,00?-1Q these tiguies dcrcreased
to 0(771 and 11,843 respectively,
lu 1010-11, reported cases were
?'?.'.'?V and estimated cases 11,803.
Kor 1011 12, 4,008 cases wete re?
ported and S.170 estimated.
This was at the time a low level
and tvas attributed in large de?
gree to the unusually favorable I
weather conditions. In 1012-13,1
when the spring was early and
the summer hot, the number of
cases increased above the rec?
ord for 1011.12 and reached
1),830 reported ami 10,.">71 esti?
mated cases. For 1013-14, there j
was thus a decrease below
1012-13 of 1,827 reported and
9,11) estimated cases ami a de?
crease of 606 reported anil 1,010
estimated cases below, the pre?
vious State record.
It is pointed out that this re?
duction in the number of cases
of typhoid fever means not only
a great reduction in sickness
hut a positive saving of human
life, 11 tit I conditions in Virgin?
ia since 1008-00 remained as
they were in that report year,
the Board's tigures show that
2,180 persons who have alto?
gether escaped typhoid fever
would during the same period
have died of it.
''It is needless to remark,"
said on oHirer of the Board to?
day, in announcing the figures
for 1013-14, "that this notable
result was only possible through
the activity ami interest of the
people of the State in matters
of public health. We had only
52 per cent as much typhoid as
in 1008-00 because the people
have learned how they may
prevent the disease and are ap?
plying that knowledge. We
could have no typhoid if the
people of the State were to de?
cide they would eradicate this
plague and would bend their
energies to the task while spend?
ing sufficient money in preven?
tion. The eases estimated for
the State during 1013-1,4, 7,400
are just 7,4iiti too many.
"Aside from this widespread
interest and co-operation in im
proving sanitary conditions,
the late spring of 1011 undoubt?
edly helped reduce the morbid?
ity from typhoid. In the sumo
way, the use of typhoid vaccine
in families where the disease
appeared und among thosu who
had been exposed to it has play?
ed a considerable part in limit?
ing the ravages of the disease.
"The fact that only two out?
breaks of consequence were re?
ported during the past year is
typical of the changed condi?
tions and of the general pre?
cautions now being taken.
When we are careful enough to
protect ourselves from filth, we
can rid Virginia of typhoid."
Card of Thanks.
We wish to thank the kind
friends who ministered to us in
our sad bereavement, the loss
of husband, father and brother.
May Qoii's richest blessings
rest upon all who rendered as?
sistance in thiB time of deep
Borrow. nEr-i,->;tr. |
Mrs. Staeoy and family.
Howard Majrnesg,
PROCLAMATION BY
PRESIDENT WILSON.
New Advantages for Ameri?
can Nation and Closer
World Ties, by Reason
of War, Referred to
in Fixing Thanks?
giving Date.
Washington, Oct. 28,?Presi?
dent Wilson today issued a
proclamation designating
Thursday, November 2(!th, as
Thanksgiving Day.
The proclamation, which re
fers to the fact that the United
States is at puaco while the
rest of the world is at war. fol?
lows:
'By tho President of the
United States of America:
"A Proclamation
"It has long been honored
custom of our people to turn in
the fruitful autumn of the year
in praise and thanksgiving to
Almighty Gbfl for Iii? many
blessings and mercies to us as a
Nation: The year that is now
drawing to a close since we last
observed our day of national
thanksgiving has been, while a
year of discipline because of
the mighty forces of war and
of chaugo which have disturb?
ed the world, also a year of
special blessing for us.
"It has been vouchsafed to
us to remain at peace, with
honor, and in some part to suc?
cor the snlTering and supply
the needs of those who are in
want. We havo been privi
jedged by our own peace and
sell-control in some degree to
steady the counsels ami shape
the hopes and purposes of a day
of fear and distress. Our peo?
ple have looked upon their Own
life as a Nation with a deeper
comprehension, a fuller reali/.a
lion of their responsibilities as
well as of their blessings, and a
keener sensu of the moral and
practical significance of what
their part among the Nations
of tho world may come to he.
"The hurtful effects of for?
eign war in their own industrial
und commercial affairs have
made them feel tho more fully
and see. the more clearly their
mutual inter-dependence upon
one another and has stirred
them to a helpful co operation,
such as they have seldom prac?
ticed before. They have been
Quickened by a great moral
Stimulation. Their numistak
able ardor for peace, their ear?
nest pity and disinterested sym?
pathy for those who are suitor
ing, their readiness to help and
to think of the needs of others,
has revealed to themselves us
well as to the world.
"Our crops will feed all who
[need food; the self-possession
of OUT,people amidst tho most
serious anxieties and difficulties
and the steadiness nt.d resource?
fulness of our business men will
serve other Nations (is well as
our own.
"The business of the country |
has been supplied with new in?
strumentalities und the com?
merce of the world with new
channels of trade and inter?
course. The Panama canal
has been opened to the com
inerch of Nations. The two
continents of America have
been hound in closer lies of
friendship. Now instrumental?
ities of international trade have
been created which will also be
new instrumentalities of ac?
quaintance, intercourse and
mutual service. Never before
have the people of tho United
States been so situated for their
own advantage or the udvan
tage of their neighbors, or so
equipped to serve themselves
und mankind.
"Now, therefore^ I, Wood row
Wilson, President of the United
States of America, do hereby
designate Thursday, the twen?
ty sixth day of November next,
as a day of thanksgiving anil
prayer, and invite the people
throughout the land to pease
from their wonted occupations
and in their several homes and
places ?<< worship render thanks
to Almighty God.
"Xn witness Whereof, 1 have
hereunto set my. hand and caus?
ed the seal of the United States
to bo affixed.
"Done at the City of Wash?
ington, this twenty-eighth day
of October, in the year of our
Lord, one thousand nine hun
dred and fourteen and of the
independence of the t'nited
States of America, tiie one huh.
dred and thirty-ninth,
?'WOODROW WILSON.
"By tlio President:
"ROBERT LANSING,
Acting Secretary of Slate."
Test Your Milk.
Farm Demonstrator, J. C.
Stiles, of Wise, Va., has in his
possession a milk tester which
is supplied by the State Do
Uarihieut of Agriculture, Pure
Food and Dairy Department,
and is now in a position to test
the percentage of butter fat in
milk. Pivo pounds of btttter
fat makes six pounds of butter.
To test a cow's milk will cost
the owner of the cow nothing
and it will ho of value to him
to know just how much better
? me cow is than another. All
dairy men in addition to keep
ing a record of the number of
pounds of milk a cow produces,
test the milk regularly. A
half pint is a BUiucfontquantity
to make the lest. This should
be an average sample. A test
of the last milk would not be a
fair test nor would it be fair to
take the lirut milk drawn. The
first is the poorer and the last
the richer, (.the Strippings), All
the milk should he drawn from
the cow and thoroughly mixed
and then the halt' pint taken
Tor testing. 11 is better still to
take the morning and evening
milking and mix these and take
the sample. A cow's milk is
generally richer as the period
of lactation advances and poor?
er immediately after she is
fresh. It takes only about 10
to 15 minutes to make tho test.
The tester is a small outfit und
can easily be, carried. Those
who would like to have their
cows tested should make appli?
cation to Mr. Stiles.
Big Political Day.
Perhaps the largest and most
enthusiastic crowd that ever
gathered in Big Stone (lap was
here Saturday to hear the Dem?
ocrat and Republican candi?
dates, lion. K. T. Irvine ami
lion. D. ('. Slump in their con?
gressional race The attend?
ance was estimated to bo about
fifteen hundred.
This being the home town of
both candidates they decided
to close their ouihpaigtl here
after vigorous work throughout
the district.
The Democrats held their
speaking at the base ball park,
where ample preparations were
made for a big feast. Hon. It.
T. Irvine, the Democratic can?
didate for Congress, spoke in
the forenoon. .Sir. Irvitie de?
livered a splendid speech and
was cheered repeatedly by an
enthusiastic audience. At the
close of his speech the crowd
was invited to partake of the
good things to eat at the mess
hoU'se on i ho grounds.
In the afternoon (luv. Henry
C. Stuart und Senator Claude
A. Swatison spoke and held the
audience to close attention for
about two hours.
The Roda Band furnished
excellent music for tho occasion
and the crowd went away feel?
ing very much enthused over
the speaking.
At 7::tu o'clock the Republi?
cans gathered in the school
house where Hon. C. B. Slump,
the Republican candidate for
Congress, and Hon. Leslie M.
Shaw delivered splendid
speeches to a packed house.
All standing room available
was taken up and a large num.
her could not gain admission to
the building. Mr. Slemp was
much enthuaod over the large
gathering and everyone seem
ed to enjoy the speaking.
Music waH furnished by the
famous Itoda Band.
GOLF NOTES.
Last week closed the gentle?
men's open championship golf
matches of which IL K. Fox
won the first flight by defeat?
ing Dr. Stoehr in tho finals and
M. 11. Graber winning the sec?
ond tlight by defeating B. K.
Rhoads In the finals. These
two gentlemen will be present?
ed with suitable cups by tho
Club. This closed the senea of
match plays for the season.
Radford Nor?
mal Notes.
Tho Glee Club in the Normal
School, including forty mem?
bers, has been organized. Tho
officers of the Club are: Miss
Kti/.aheth Moran, President;
Miss Juno McCounell, Vice
President; Miss Elsie Walters,
l.'ensor, and Miss Mona Myer,
See rotary-Treasurer.
1'rof. J. K. Avont, of the De?
partment of Education, attend?
ed the Teachers' Institute in
Bland County Monday and
Tuesday. He gave an address
before the touchers and the
public.
Miss Blanche Bulifant, Su?
pervisor of the 'Training School,
spoke before the Wytho County
Teachers' Institute tin "'Teach?
ing Heading."
'The excavation for the new
dormitory has been completed
and the concrete for the foot?
ings aud the lirsl story is being
poured.
On Saturday night the Poca
hontas Literary Society will
give a re?eptioh'. Invitations
have been sent out. 'The recep?
tion will be held In the Society
Hall in the administration
building.
'The Young Women's Chris?
tian Association has been very
uctiyo for several weeks in the
enlistment, of new members
and the organization of the
Volunteer Bible course of study
ami outlining and planning for
the 'Teachers' 'Training courses.
Most of the girls in the institu?
tion are taking a part in one or
more forms of the work Offered
by the Association;
Dr. J. P. McOonuell attended
the Teachers' Institute at Qatc
City last Saturday and spoke
to the teachers.
Work on the "Radnor," the
Normal School Annual, has al?
ready begun. 'The Editor in
chief and other officers of the
organization have been elected.
'The Annual last session was
an unusually line piece of work.
'The Annual for the present year
will he published next spring
and will show all the interests
and activities of the Institution.
Male Stenographers and Type?
writers Wanted.
The United States Civil Ser?
vice Commission announces
that it has been unable to sup?
ply the demand for male sten?
ographers and typewriters in
the United States Government
service, especially at Washing?
ton, I). C.
Voting men who are willing
to accept appointment at an en
trance salary of $840 to $1100
per annum have excellent op?
portunities for appointment.
Advancement of capable up
polhteos is reasonably rapid
i Iccasiohal appointment is made
at a salary of us much as $1,30(1
per annum, For such salary
only those who attain a
rating of at least H? per cent in
the subject of stenography ami
who have had at least two
years' practical otlioe exper?
ience w ill be certified.
'The Government service of
fers a desirable tield to bright
and ambitious young men.
Kxamiuutumsare held month
ly, except in December, in 400
of the principal cities of the
United States, ami applications
may he tiled with the Commis?
sion at Washington, I). C, at
any time.
! For full information in regard
to the scope and character of
the examination and for appli?
cation forms address the U.S.
Civil Service Commission,
Washington, D. C , or the Sec?
retary of the U. S. Civil Ser?
vice Hoard of examiners at any
of the following named cities:
Boston, Mass., New York, N.
V., Philadelphia, Pa.j Atlanta,
Ga., Cincinnati, Ohio, Chicago,
111., St. Paul, Minn., St. Louis,
Mo., New Orleacs, La., Seattle,
Wash., San Francisco, Ca!.,
Honolulu, Hawaii, and San
Juan, Porto Kico.
John A. Mcllhenny, President,
1 S. Civil Service Commission,
Washington, D. C.

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