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The Big Stone Gap Post.
VOL. XXII,_ BIG STONE: GAP.WISEi C?UNTY, VA.i WEDNESDAY. DECEMBER 23,19147 NTo752~ President Is Pleased. By Decision to Give Railroads an Increase in Freight Rate. Washington, Dec. 10.? The decision of the Interstate Com merce Commission in the Bast ern advance rate case was highly gratifying to adminis (ration ofticiuls today. It was believed that the action of the commission in granting the rail roads in oflicial classification territory the ri^jht to advance their freight rates per cent except upon certain heavy commodities, which comprise n large hulk of the traffic, would pave the way for an Immediate revival of prosperity through out the United Slates. The ex? ceptions referred to are coal, coke, iron ore, ami certain oil) er traffic moved partly by lake and partly rail, upon which the commission had heretofore lix 0(1 rates adjudicated "reason ahle." Official classification territory constitutes tin- coun? try east of the Mississippi, north of the Potomac and * Miio rivers. President Pleased. President Wilson, it is known,] was greatly pleased over the decision, although no formal statement has been given oul by him. He expects the deci? sion w ill have an immodinteef feot upon the country's ecu nomic situation. The President has let it he known all along that he believed improvement of business conditions generally hinged to r-om.' extent upon ad? ditional revenues being provid? ed for I he railroads. As a result of the commis? sion's decision, which was di vided, chairman Harlan ami Commissioner Clements 'Iis Renting, it is estimated that the roads affected will be able to add to their annual revenue about $30,000,000. They hail hoped to obtain increases which would give them approximate? ly ?50,000,000 in addod revenue annually Exports of Foods Increase 300 Per Cent. Washington, Dec. 18.?--Three hundred per cent increase in exports of foodstuffs, due prin cipally to the European war, characterized November's for? eign trade compared with that month last year. Breadstuffs valued at $40, ?32,83.2, an increase of $30,126, oiiii, were sent abroad, the De? partment of Commerce an? nounced today. Meal and cat? tle exports increased $2,304,000, Kxporls of cotton amounted to j.ii ,023,.111, a decrease of $71,000,000 from November 1013, and total mineral oils showed a decrease of almost $2,000,000. The total value of domestic breadstuffs, cotton seed oil, food animals, meal and dairy products, cotton and mineral oils exported in November was $07,101,886 against $138,402,637 in November 1013 and for tin eleven months ending with No? vember $707,100,000 against $050,631,838 for the eleven months in 1013 The belligerents' heavy de? mand for foodstuffs is shown in the increase in corn exports from $333,003 in November 1013 to $1,760,100 this year;oats from $8,160, to $3,000,174; wheat from $2,470,250, to $32,810,670; Hour front $6,741,676, to $7,S27,77:i; canned beef from $23,761, to $1,268,388; fresh beef from $60, 753 to $1,434,084; ana bacon from $2,230,514, to $2,258,315. Breadstuffs exported during the eleven months were valued at $244,640,310, an increase of $64,121,000 over the same period of 1013. The week ending December 12 shows a deduction of $17,74 I in all copper exports us compar? ed with the preceding week. Missouri is justly proud of its nine pound turnip, which, when one conies to think of it, is more admirable titan a 42 centimeter howitzer. White Death Rate Low in Virginia. ? Rate Below That of Registra-| lion Area, But Negroes Die Rapidly. Villi.- l>l MM KOI I . lOlil. Total death* in 10111 M.I Wind's 10,1 Negroca .. . 18, Kate per l ,000 HI Unto in reglalrattoh an .1 IS White rali- in Virginia I Negro rate In Virginia ' Dcatiix rtnim tuuerciilosiii 3,5011 Heaths rroiu heart illaeaaea -' l!t?| Dcatha from Nephritis ami llrlght'a iliaease 1.00? | Dcatha from pneumonia I 03fi Death* from typhoid Ibvei 100 Doatha from diphtheria 80S Itirths in 1013 . ... 5I.8?81 Richmond, Va., December | is.?The annual report of State Health Coininis.sn.r Williams, | tiled with Governor Stuart to? day, shows that the w hite pop. illation of Virginia has a death-] rate lower than that of the United States registrstion area I iis a whole, ami that tl.ppnr mtly high death rate of the State is to he attributed to the heavy mortality of certain di? seases among the uegroes. Mrs. W. N. Wagner Entertains Her Sunday School Class. Mrs. W. N. Wanner enter-1 tainod very enjoyably, on Eri day evening, from seven thirty ten o'clock, her Sunday: School class of ten girls, at her home at the parsonage. The largo reception hall until parlor, whore numerous games I were played, were tastefully lecoraterl with streamers of white and green crepe paper and polled plants. Also the olor scheme of green and while I was used in the decorations in! the dining room, where deli? cious refreshments wero served consisting of hoi chocolate, ros sotto wafers, cake, nuts, and li ter dinner mints. B?ch iiirI was permitted to invite either a hoy or nirl friend. The following girls ami their invited guests wen-: Miss Mar garet Barron and Carl Baker, .Miss Nina Johnson and lillfns Pettit, Miss Juliet Knight and Krank Parks, Miss BrUCO Skeen and Junior Met lorklo, M i-s \i nrj Blair Martin ami W illiam Bev erly. Miss Lucile Martin and William (ioodloe. Miss Abbie Oollierand Trum.m Kennedy, Miss Adelaide Pottitt and Gor? don (ioodloe, Miss Edith Bal lard and Margin Garnes, Miss Hertha Muhaffoy, Miss Elea? nor Baker, Miss Francos Long, Miss Sophia Benedict and Mrs. I.C. Taylor. The other guests wero: Miss Sarah Shields. Miss llarrell, Miss Nemo Vineyard, Misses Minnesota ami Georgia liost wick. Itev. and Mrs. I.I'. Mar? tin. I Children Will Get Christmas Presents. The office employees of i h?? Stooega Coke and Coal Com? pany have contributed a fund sufficient to give all the chil? dren of the employees of tin company at the various plants, ?Jl7;i in number, a nice Christ utas present, consisting of a toy, candies, fruits, etc., which will be distributed on Christ? inas eve. The company will, also, on Christmas eve. give a free picture show at all the plants where tiny have a pic? ture show in operation. A large number of Ohristmas bas? kets wiil also he distributed at the various plants Christinas eve. This certainly shows a gener? ous Christmas spirit in those contributing to this fund, which amounts to almost a thousand dollars, and w ill bring an end? less source of joy and pleasure to the children at the various plants. There will be no world wide I protest against any aeroplane i raid on a gun factory, it is an appropriate target in war time. Need Five Years To Build Up toy. Admiral Fisk Tells House Naval Committee Fleets Are Inadequate? More Men Wanted. Washington, Dec. 18.?Five years would be required to put the United State? navy in the highest state of efficiency to nieet a hostile lleet, according to ;t statement today hy Hear Admiral Kisk, tiefer?! the house naval committee. The witness who is chief of the bureau ?if opt rations and a former presi? dent of the naval institute, said the navy was deficient in air craft. mines, scout cruisers, tor? pedo boat destroyers, sub? marines and in number of train-' ed ollicers ami men. and had no mine sweepers. Monibora of the committee wore particularly interested in Admiral frisk's view as to the j possibility of foreign air cruft dropping bombs on American Cities, He expressed the opill hui that an attacking lleet might begin sending its airships on bomb dropping Mights over New York from a ranne of 50 ' tu ??0 miles oft the coast. I (no foroijrn navy which was not named, (lie admiral said, was more efficient than the American Heel in gunnery. This, he declared, however. M as bo only i.nuso the Amor icon marksmen had not been given adequate opportunity for prac? tice. In speaking ol the "high? est state of ellicieucy," the ofli cer explained that he had in mind the.-t?te of a certain un? named power, whose ollicers and men have inbred the spirit of a military nation. Tho Gorman raid on the Brit i ish coast was referred to sever? al times, anil tin- admiral sug? gested thai if the British had had live or six fast submarines in the vicinity of the at tack ml ports tin- possibility of the bom burdmont would have been re ducod II?' said that if the Gorman cruisers passed Eng? lish mines, the explanation might be "that by the wonder? ful system of spies Germany has, it may have found out. just where those mines wer?- lo cited." lie added though that possibly the German cruisers Carried mine sweepers. The officer said n<> enemy could attack the Panama canal so loan as the American navy controlled the sea. With tin lleet defeated. however, lie thought I here would he no se? curity for this, the most vulner? able part of our possessions. ?'Couldn't you mine there as well as any whore else and pro toft thi' mouth of the Panama canal?" ho was asked. "Yes." "Could you prevent n hostile j lleet from coming into th<' canal With the defenses there now?" "1 should say not." "The fortifications alone," he .explained, "would not be suffi? cient, because a hostile lleet could land men a few miles away." Representative Gardnor, ?>( .Massachusetts, will be the fined witness in the naval hearings tomorrow. Wage New Fight On Bristol Post Office. Washington, Dec. 19.?An? other light is being waged overl the dual post office at Bristol, Va.-Tenn. Senator Shields, of! Tennessee is making an eirortj Id consolidate the post office on the Virginiaside with the post office on the Tennessee side of I State line. Senator Martin and Senator Swanson have lodged a vigorous protest against tho movement. The post office on the Virgin? ia side will be mailt) a tirst-class office, January ist. Its receipts i will run more than $?o,uoo und I will make a clear profit of $30, ooo for the department, while the otlico on the Tennessee sido ! will lose approximately $20,<HJ0. j Tho plan to consolidate the of i fices bus the sympathy of some of the heads of tho department. THEATRICAL Ujf Ulli Tliut stupendous Vitagraph Broadway Stur feature "413" was witnessed und thoroughly enjoyed by a handful of patrons at the Ainu/.u hist week. 4IM was by tar the liest special fea? ture product ten which has ever been presented at the local theatre, and it. is to tie regretted that the weather would not per? mit of a larger orowd being in attendance, especially since all who were not there certainly missed a picture which stands in a class by itself among dra? mas. However, tie- program for Ninas week is ono that is worth the while of any man, woman or child making a spec ial elfort to he present each and every night. Monday and Tuesday shows bespeak of a week such as has never been spent before here by motion picture fans. The two part comedy "lie Danced Himself to Death", .Monday night, was a titling beginner for this week of fun and frolic, followed by the \Yin(k)8ome Widow last night, a four part Broadway Star feature comedy which certainly takes the ran olf the hush. Tonight's program is minus a special feature hut the three reels which will he shown oro unsurpassable ami Utting followers for the past two nights. ( In Thursday afternoon Manager Taylor has arranged lot Santa Clans to he at the Antll/.u to give a mail. free to all children under I'j years of age. Santa is to bring with him a program especially ar? ranged for the amusement of lie- kiddies and will he there himself in person to givi- them an hour of genuine fun. Thurs? day night will glow with that great two part comedy ?"Too [Much Uncle", "Joslo's C.> I Island Nightmare," a I wo part 1 comedy, and "Never Too t Mil," a one part comedy, an entire evening of comedy, such as has never hefore hoen presented. Friday and Saturday's programs I have been fittingly arranged to ielose the wick. For Friday 1 night Selig's great three part 1 wild animal picture, "Tin- Fifth Man", has been secured. A I picture secured only after an ; expenditure of a vast sum of money, but critics who have seen it are frank in their stute htents that not a cent of tin cost of this product ion was spent in vain, and that it is a picture worth double the price charged for it when it was liest (shown, which was more than double what it will cost to see it ut the Amuxu Friday night. Saturday's feature "Warfare In The Skies", is one of the most realastic pictures of aeroplanes in battle, which has been put upon the screen since the popu? larity of war pictures began, and Manager Taylor is to be congratulated on his success in securing this production so soon after its release, even in the face of bids from the larger cities for it, which means that a substantial bundle of cash had in be put up by him before ho could finally land it. A special musical program has been arranged for the entire week, which will he rendered by Mr. Taylor's splendid orches? tra in its usual efficient manner and a large attendance is ex? pected at each and every night 's performance, for to miss even one would he to cast a shadow upon this greatest of holidays. Raid 15 Stills On State Bor? der. I VVhilosburg, Ky., Dec. IS.? j 1'nited State? .Marshal Claude KP, Beverley, of Big Stone Qap, I Va., w i t h Raiding Marshal j Buchanan and possemen, closed an important moonshine raid along the Pound River and Cumberland mountains, border? ing tho Kentucky line a few miles oast of here, where they destroyed six large moonshine stills. One was a pioneer apple brandy outfit, with complete paraphernalia. Four moonshiners were ar? rested and taken before a Unit? ed Slates commissioner at Wise for a hearing tomorrow. Dur? ing the last teu days fifteen illicit moonshinu outfits have j been destroyed along theborder. A great amount of moonshin . mg is going on owing to the I approaching Christmas holi? days. TheAgricultur-i al Value of Lime. In a report recently issued by thf 1'. S. Geological Survey mi die source, manufacture and use of linie, some very interest' ing ami educational data is giv-1 on on the use of lime us a forth | li/or which emhody thp views oh tili? subject of a number of I ou>'most prominent agricultur ists. Che report douliug with the auliject >>f Agricultural Lime siaios that the use of lime as a fertilizer dates from the incep? tion of modern Scientific farm? ing. Agricultural chemists have shown that there are live or six different functions which lime may perform to benefit a soil, which may in- summarised briefly as follows: I, It is an essential element of plant food. -. It nuls in the conversion of decaying organic matter into humus. .! It forms compounds with tho humic acids which tend lo prevent their being leached out of the soil and lost. i By. produoiug proper sani? tary conditions the growth of injurious bacteria is largely prevented, while the growth of nitrifying bacteria is encour? aged. These nitrifying baoter iu convert the nitrogen of the humus into a form such that it is available as a plant food. 5. I.line aids iu the liberation of potash and phosphorus from in? ert compounds. 0, It lends to flocculate clay soils, rendering them granular and more por? ous. Obviously, permanent result' cttll nut bo expected unless cure i- taken to insure the presence of M>me organic fertilizer at all tunes. I.nor used alone mo) j lie temporary benofioial, hut will cvoniually be harmful; when used with cowpea vines becomes more etlicient for gen eral purposes than almost any other fertilizer. Of course, lime is not beneficial to all crops to the same extent, ami not all soils need lime. Thus some of the common plants which are staled by this report lo be benefit ted by lime are spinach, lettuce, beet, cel? ery, onion, cucumber, canta? loupe, asparagus, cabbage, pea? nut, rhubarb, pea, pumpkin, bean, tobacco, alfalfa, clover, barley, wheat, oats, timothy, gooseberry, currant, orange, quince and cherry Indian corn is only slightly bonefitted. Plants which are said lo he slightly injured by lime are cot? ton, tomato, cowpea, concord grape, peach, apple, und pear, and those really injured are radish, llax, blackberry, black raspberry ami cranberry. Whether a soil will respond to liming or not depends on the amount of available calcium oxide which it already contains. Unfortunately chemical aualy sis does not distinguish between the total calcium oxide and that which is available to plants, Probably the best in? dication of (he need of lime is tie- failure to obtain a good crop of clover. Trade Balance For U. S. of $79,299,417. Washington, Dec. 18, -No? vember foreign trade statistics show a balance in favor of the United States of $70,300,417. h'or October the balance was I $50,030,(150; for September, $10,? | 341,722; within August it was' $IO,400,400<against the United Slates. November's exports announc? ed today by the department of commerce, totalled $205,766,424 and imports$120;467,007, There was a decrease of $71,000,000 in cotton exports compared with November 1013, A log raft containing one mil? lion feet of cedar, said to be the largest ever tloated on the Pacific, recently nmdo the trip from British Columbia to Pugot Sound. It was IU0 feot long aud 7o feet wide, it stood 15 feet out : of the water and 20 feet under. Old newspapers for snlo at this office. Surprise Wedding. Mrs. Pearl Parsons, who has been in the employ of the VJi. giniu & Tennessee Telephone Company, at this plncu, for nearly three years, and Brad? ley Yeary, a properous young farmer, living juHt below town, surprised their many friends by being quietly married at the district parsonage by Presiding Elder [, P. Martin, on last Wed? nesday evening at tf::lO o'clock. Miss Edna Oilly, an aunt of the bride, and the Martin family were the only witnesses to the ceremony. The affair was kept a secret until Sunday. The bride III the meantime having resigned her position with the telephone company. A reception was tendered the bride and groom on Sunday at the home of the groom's par? ents, Mr. and Mrs. P. (1. Yeary, where U BUinptUOUS dinner was spread, which was attended by only the immediate relatives of the contracting parties. The bride is lue daughter of K. Plenary, one of Leo county's most prominent farmers, and is a gramhlaughti r of Mrs. Eliza? beth Oilly, of this place, where she bus made her home since --hi' came to the (tap, ami she is also a cousin of Congressman ('. B. Slemp. The groom is well known in this section as a popular aud industrious young business man. The good wishes of a wide circle of friends ami acquaint? ances go with this popular young couple. Railroad to Spend Millions. Chicago, December 18.?The lAtohisoa, I'opeku nod Santa Ke Railroad is one of the ''big" concerns to show its confidence in the business future of iho country. W. 11. Hodges, vice president in charge of purchas? es, announces the placing of it $2,000,000 contract for steel rails lor spring delivery and al? so that he will spend $3,000,000 a month lor tin- next few months for supplies ami equipment, This is just $1,000,000 more a month than the av,-rage of the last eight mouths. The details of the purchase of GO,00(1 tons of '.in pound main track steel rails were given out with tin- announcement that it was the largest order placed by the Santa Ee for maintenance purposes within the last two years, The Illinois Steel Coin, pany will roll 12.000 tons of the rails at Gary, Ind., and the Col? orado Euel and Iron Company will furnish the remainder from its plant at Miitnequa, Col. "1 have called for immediate delivery ou some of the Steel," explained Mr. Hodges, "partly to help out the mills to keep lired up and partly to start our own work in the Southwest, while the winter season is ou in the North. "You can include me among tin- optimists. I have made plans to increase my monthly expenditures for the next throe or four months in buying equip? ment and have made up it long list of extra purchases, includ? ing dining cars, passenger curs and tank cars Six weeks ago we ordered loo hew tank cars; next week 1 am going to double I the order.-' Campaign Expenses. Representative Bascem Slemp Iispent mure money in his cam? paign for re-election from tim Ninth district, in the recent election, than all the other cud Ididates, Democrats and Uepub ; licans, i? too districts, expend? ed iu the primaries und general election, according to campaign expense statements filed by the ' Virginia congressional candi? dates with ilouso Clerk South Tremble. Mr. Slemp spent a tulul of $1,031.60 which isobout ?*tj'j shy of the $5,000 limit lixed by tho campaign publicity law as the amount of money which i a candidate can expend to ob ; tain a seat iu congress. All ' other Virginia candidates spent a tolai of $4,858.40?about $100 \ less than Mr. Slemp's total. K. T?te Irvine, Mr. Slemp's unsuc? cessful Democratic opponent, spent a total of ?2,570 20; John ) L, Hose, the Progressive candi? date in the Ninth, spent $205.10.