Newspaper Page Text
_The Big Stone Gap Post.
VOL XXm' BIG STONE GAP. WISE COUNTY, VA.. WEDNESDAY. J AN U ARY"i3. 7915."- NolT 510 Million Tens Of Coal Mined in United States in 1914. Notwithstanding the slough ?f despond through winch the on il mining industry i>:" the United States was compelled !?> work its way during the last nine mouths of 1914, a decided lv hopeful tone prevailed at Hi ? end of the year, and the opin? ion generally expressed to Kd wards W, Parker, statistician of the United States Geological Survey, was that the receding tide had reached its full i dm, and optimism was apparnnt re? garding the coming year. Ac? cording to Mr. Parker's esti? mate, which is bused upon nu? merous estimates received from leading COIll-milie operators and others familiar with the indus? try, the total coal production of (he United Stales in 1014 was about .">lo.ooo.iion short tons, a decrease of Itbottt 00,000,000 tons compared with the record output of 19IU, Practically all of this decrease was in ll.ut ptttof tin- bituminous mines. The production of Pennsylvania imllirncitc in I'M I was not ma? terially different from that of the preceding year, which was S| ;7t8;080 long tons. In ! :? I I. however, about 1,000,000 tons principally nut and steam sizes) went into storage, so that the quantity sent to market was about l,OtX),000 tons less than in llilo. The principal decreases in the production of bituminous coal were in the coking districts. It is estimated that in Pennsyl? vania alone the production of bituminous coal decreased b> twoen L'0,000,000 and 25,000,1. tons and that the larger part of tliis ill crease was in Payette and Westmoreland counties, which constitute the Coniiclls ville and Lower ConncllsvillC coking districts. The weekly reports of coko production pub? lished in the ConnollsvilloCour? ier indicate that the output of coke in the two Connollsvillo districts was less than that of 101 it by about 0,000,000 Ions, or :in per cent, and as each ton of coke represents about If tons of cold, a decrease of nearly 10, iiiiii,ooii tons in the coal output is indicated in these districts alone. The proportionall' de? crease in the other coking dis? tricts was even greater and was particularly noticeable in Ala? bama. Ill West V irginia coke hiakihg has become yearly of relatively less importance, and although coal production in son.f the older districts showed substantial losses, new mines have been opened and those have in part made up the decrease in production in the older districts. Morovor, West Virginia mines that ship to the Western States have been call? ed upon to make up the Short? age 111 those Stales caused by the prolonged strike in the east orn (>hio districts, mid the si c tion of West Virginia thus af? fected snowed an inreased pro? duction over (913, Among thu Rastern States Ohio showed the largest pro portion of decrease, for in addi? tion to the depressed condition of business the labor contro? versies in tho eastern part of tlie Suite kept a number of mines idle for practically the entire year. The output of the State for tul I is estimated at barely C per cent of the output in 1013,, The production in the Missis? sippi Valley States is estimated to liavo decreased about 10 per cont, and the estimated decrease Iin the ttocky Mountain Stuten its between ?'? and 1" per cent. < in the Pnciiio count the ?? ? 'it I statitly extending use ofOiili-l foruin petroleum for fuel is tlioj ? principal factor of Inlltifuco in the coal industry , til though the depression in the lumber trado in Washington hud also a re IIcoted adverse influence 'on coal production, which is esti? mated to have hctfii about 'Jo per.t less than in l.il !? The opiuioit is generally ex? pressed that the Cliil T ell'eet of the war in Klimpe upon the coal iratio of tin- United states was to retard or prevent the re? turn to more normal conditions which was about lo he accom? plished when the war broke out. The tir-.! Ihren months of 191-j were nf uniis?nl activity, tht! high rate of production of the proci tliiig year hai ing been carried over into thd lirst quar? ter of 11)1-1 mid lite weather in January and t'obruary having Btiinulaletl the demand to some extent. Thoii came th" slump in the iron trad -, general de-1 pressiou in business, shut down of coUe nvens, and II period of I tlistrcss tlirougliotti the coul liiining regions which lias hire Iv been exceeded. The demand;] productii n, ami prices wer,' all at so low an elib when the war broke inn that ii is hot believed j to have had any direct influence mi the coal lrude. The tjuanti-1 ty of coal exported from the I Inited States, if compared with j ibe total production, cati mil !"? considered very large, ami stl far the greater pan of u goes to (Jan ml a, which has taken ahotii the same amounl in I'.'i l tis in preceding years. As usual in times tif deproft-j sioii and of decreased prptlUC'1 tion. there wa-t a plentiful BiipH ply of labor throughout the hi ! luminous coul-miuing region during the entire \o.-u-, and for! the suine reasons there was no comphtint of inailc<|iinto trans? portation facilities. Another Honor lo Virginia. Senator Swittisoii was last' .Monday doBignatcd as Acting Speaker pro tOlll ol llle ScllUtoi until the return pf the Vice President and Speaker pro tein of the Semite, Senator Clarke, of Arkansas. Senator SwahBon will thus prefeiilc, 'over the Sun ate from December 'Jlst until about the 'ih of January. This is quite an honor and shows the high es!, cni in which Senator Swunson is hold by the members of the Senate. Sena tor Swansou has heoii desigiint ed repeatedly to preside over tin-deliheraiions of the Senate in the absence nf the Vice President, and especially whi n important measures wen- penn? ing ami parliamentary knowl? edge und skill were required to handle the business before ihe Senate. Senator Swim son is one of tin- best presiding officers in the Senate, and i s very popu? lar with all of his collcagos. lie has received many encomi? ums upon the uhilit v ?hieb be displays iii presiding over the deliberations nf the body.? Alexandria < iazette. Abandon (inns and Play Football Games. Berlin, January 7.?German authorities have issued a gener? al order prohibiting troops in the field from fraternizing with forces of Ilia enemy as they did at several points in the west, at Christmas. To such an extent was this fraternizing carried out that at lone place, where the Germans and British played football Christmas day, thoy agreed in; isuspend hostilities for two days! more. 96,000 Miles of Roads in 10 Years Remarkable Record Reported in Yearbook of American Highway Association Thai remarkable progress has been made in the building] Of good toads throughout the United States during the past few yerirs is proven by data recently obtained by the Ameri? can Highway Association, ami Booh 111 bo published in the ofll-J tsii.il Good Itonds Voitrbook for it bus been found that more than ::l,"im miles of surfaced mads linvo been constructed during lOlo?nd 1011, nntl that! during the ten year period.from 1001 to Ith I. innre than miles have been completed. | That this progress has been really amazing may he utider-1 stood from the fact that in I'.101 t here were only l.W.OOO mites of surfaced roads of all types in movement is obtaining nioim u ttiin as it goes is proven by thel fuel that while the average mileage constructed per annum during the past ton years is 0,000 miles, the total completed for I'M I oxi.It il I 8,1100 miles. 1 something like 30,000 miles of highway have been cnhipluied vi'ith j.lio aid of State fund.-., of which over A_'i 10,000,000 have beeil expended. Tim State aid mov ement began in 1892, and I has therefore continued for twenty-two years. Only re? cently has it gotten well under wuj . as the result- accomplish. I for Iflia and 101 I comprise a | 'total 'Oil ; i'.Olli I in lies of Slate- lid I highways completed, or in two years' time one-third of the entire mileage construction With the aid of State funds has I In completed. j t inly six Stales now, out of a j j total id" forty eight, are without State highway departments, land thirty Mate:, have granted ncttial money aid to the build ing of roads. The Yearbook, which is 11.Ilicial refereneje publication for ail good roads information, is a large cloth hound volume issued early in each calendar year by the American Highway Vssocition. Farm Boys Do You Want To Goto War? I Want to go to war? t if course you tld if you are hny thing like ; tin average enthusiastic Amer? ican lad. How many limes! have you day-dreamed ami night, dreamed, loo, for that matter, about leading a gallant company to victory. In your fancy you can hear the roar of the shells and tin- rilttlo and clatter of i he swords, the shouts of victory , and all that sort Of 1 thing, but? If you waul a real Irue to-lifO illustration of what modern Warfare is, just get up about I o'clock some cold, damp, foggy morning, walk ten or twelve miles to a bit of swampy land, dig a trench until your buck aches like an ulcerated looth; j lot the trench till with water un? til it reaches your waist. Then stand in I his cold, almost freez? ing water till day and all night with nothing to eat ami nothing to drink but the murky water while the rest of the hoys throw stones at yon. Doesn't sound so nice and glorious does it!' Hut that's only about one tenth as batl as REAL war would be. Better stick to the farm, eh? ?Exchange. Old newspapers for sale at this otlico at uo cents a bun dre.i. N. & W . Improvements. Ltonnoku, Vn., Jan. sth?A statement of improvements along llii' line >?( tin- Norfolk ami Western for tin- year 191-1 shows an outlay for double tracking, enlargement ol shops ami electrification of section In-, tweun Vivian ami Binefiold at an approximate total estimate of $7,000,000 Some of the work was begun in 1913 Olid * ill not receive the llnisliing touchos until some tithe in 1915. The following tells of tin- imm.-nse amount of improvements made b\ lln- Norfolk and Western Itnilroad during the paid year in\ olving an expenditure of an aggregate of over $7,000,000. Some of tin- work was in prog? ress in 1913 ami completed in is] i, ami sonic is yet under way to bo completed in 1915. Tb.- ji7,000,?pO is exclusive of lb it expended for double track? ing. The main lim- of i be Norfolk and Western Kailwiy I 'mil finny, front Lambert's I'oinf, \'a . to Columbus, i >., is (1S7 m.les long. In ilu- territory nubs of second track and tnib'S of low grade branch lines operated t- second track, leav m tin line between the fcrmiii als mentioned. The approxi mate cosl of ilu- second track work is ,.la,000,000; io completi second track will rnvuirouu ad ditinnal expenditure of ;7. '"? In connection with the prep Utulltm of plans for see. study : reducing the curvature, reducing the raten of grades ami making thoill more tit* 1-1 formi raising the roadbed above high water marks, increasing the capacity of bridges on ac? count of the use of heavier] equipment, the use of heavy rail and I torit! ballast to sup poi i increased wheel loads and I building more substantial ma? sonry structures. To accoin j plish these results required the construction of many addition al bridges and tunnels in the mountain districts as well us very heavy culling and filling! at all points Kor example, there have l.ii constructed in connection with (he second track work through portions ol Virginia und West Virginia twenty-one double track tun nels, total length 17.1.11 feel, three single track tunnels along? side of existing tunnels, having | a total length, of 2,021 feel, and . eight single track tunnels on low grade brunches used as j second track, having a : ital length of 1 1,049 feet. All these tunnels are lined with high class masonry. ? >n tin-section of road yet to be double track-: bd tlu-re are seven tunnels to construct. Additional bridges w ere re-j quired in about the same pro? portion as tunnels. Notable among the expensive bridges recently double tracked may be. mentioned the r-urmville High Bridge, 2, 100 feel long, costing - 173,.I; Kennva bridge and j approaches over the Ohio Kiv er. four thousand feet long,' COSting $1,300,000; two bridges over the Seioto Kiver in Ohio, aggregating 3,600 feel long, costing 690,000. The railway company has in stalled for the safety ami facil? ity of operation, automatic electric signals, one mile apart, and has provided modern water and coaling stations to supply its motive power in nil districts. Modern passenger stations of I brick and st.> have been !>uilt at the larger towns and cities. Tli.- us*" of electricity, having been successfully introdued for motive power in connection with the operation of steam railroads in many purls of (he United States, caused special, Rtutiics to bo made by the man- j agoment for its application to, handling the enetbound coal truflic between Vivian hntl Klnellnld, n distan.?f about thirty miles, on which territory i . ' ite.! the heavy Klkhnrn I grade To furnish the current lo operate this By Stellt a modern | steam turbine olcctiic generat-1 ing plant has been erected at hMucstouo Junction, West Vir? ginia; tllso a building for in? specting and repairing electric locomotives. This electritlca tion district will he placed in operation in the early part of l.'l... the entire installation costing j!II,300,000. THEATRICAL |i >ke for itsell iibw well in- iierforiuauot on Cuioycd ily' llic entire audience each ?Iis* < rjsinl William., certainly stands iloii Managet I'aylur has ouly |iut. on a ions this (.eas.ni. hut lias provoucon iin i . patrons ? ui rest issurcd that they ire Kotng lo have a show put ?11 which hey w ill u'evei 1 egn-i having spent thcli in \ to soli Ii Is lite aim of 1 In* in.in igenieut in every ease lo pick the liest mil leave the real, anil he certainly sue itccded beyond all CX|s?ctaiUnts when lie picked Mr. Ilichardii ami Ills *lip|iorl for tin attract lou this week The motion pictures wili iitil lie reduced In ipiallt) nne hit however, ami the program at the A.lliur.11 l.'l this WCOk lii'l- fair to he the Mutt lilleresttlig of tills iteasiin s produc tlons so fur shown, ami ii is expected that Hie the.ere ?i'rrs will not quit going the balance of this ?eck Inn that they will it hast attend in such numbers us t.. give the inaithgetnciit the necessary en Courngchicul to pin ,,n pit tines, as be has a, 1 In* past, which ?dl I.mpll Childrens' Winter Ills. Literature on Scarlet Fever, Whooping Couuli and Meas? les Now Ready. Richmond, \'a., January s.? h'dr the information nf parents who anticipate the speedy Sea soiial app. arance of sc,.riet fev? er anil whooping cough, the siaie Hoard of Ifenith today announced that its free litera? ture on the prevention of these diseases is now reitily for ills tribution and can In- had free upon request by all who write for it. Literature on measles, the familiar disease which will appear dining the early spring months, will also he sent those who desire it. Fatal Shooting at Pattonsville. Gato City, Va., Jau. 5.?Ken? neth ?''binary, aged thirteen, has boon lodged in jail here, charged with shootitig and kill, lug Ins uncle, Klhert Orubb, aged eighteen. The killing occurred yester? day at Flanary's home, near Pattonsville. Plenary ordered Orilbb 110t 10 enter the house,1 hut Grubb thought be was jok? ing and started in, when Flan-: ary tired. Plenary does not, seeiri depressed; The value of Virginia farm property has gained '.Ki per cent, during the pust teil years and is increasing at the rale of .$00,00? per day. Radford Nor? mal Notes. 'rin* pccond quarter opened January Ith. The class work wo? resumed oh the morning ofthoftth with practically even girl in the class- The new stn dents have been classified and the work already moves in Un? usual way. Dr. R, A Schubert, <>f the Publicity Department <>f the N. .V W. Itailway, gave an illus trated lecture in the auditor? ium on "Virginia -her Rcsourc* es and Opportunities" Friday night. This lecture is intended to show the resources and pos? sibilities of Virginia and the opportunities before young peo. pie in the country ami villages of the State. lev. K. 11. Hasmnjiam. an Armenian lecturer, gave a -trong address Tuesday night before the students and faculty on 'Armenia." Prof, W. R Powers, of Rural Retreat, president ?>f the Ninth Congressional District Teuch ei b' A s8( iciation, and Prof. I '. K. McQuilkin, of Rodholce, President of the Sixth Congres? sional District Teachers' Asso? ciation, spent Saturday at the Normal School in conference with Dr. .1 P. .Met loUlH II in re? gard tea program fdl the joint educational couft ronce to be held at the Nol "'.d .school about tie- tir.-t of Starch. Tie' pro? gram will soon be ready for publication. Hon. R C. Si, arnes, State Superintendent of Public In struction, l'rof. F. It. Fitzpat rick, of Hi istol, ami Dr. .1. S. Miller, of Kunos ami Henry College, visited the Normal school on Saturday afternoon. t'ne of the most popular de? partments of the Normal school is that of Domestic Science. Many of the students taking the regular courses take some course in Domestic Science as their . lect ivos. The demand for teach, i s of Domestic Science in the public schools is con stantly increasing in this part of the State. Dr. .1. P. McConiiell delivered the annual address before I In Civic Club of Fanory ami Hen? ry College Priduy night, his subject lii-ing " Training for Leadership in Now Forms of Social Service " Prof. .1. K. A vent delivered im address in the Presbyterian church at Dublin last Sunday. Prof. W. I-:. t filbert delivered several addresses in the extreme Southwest counties during Uhristmas vacation week. Bell-Gilltam. A weliding of much interest to the people of this section tool; place at Knrinville, \"a., on last Wednesday, January 5th, at 2:30 p. in., when Dr, J. c. Bell, of Roda, Va., was mnr re d to Miss Media Gilliam, of that place. 'The wedding wns celebrated ?it the home of ib.. bride which was profusely decorated for the occasion. Only a few im? mediate relatives of Hie con? tracting parties were present. Ed T?te, of Osaka, a special friend of the groom, acted as lo st man. The bride is the attractive daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John William, of Farmville, and has a largo circle of friends in Big Stone < iap and other Southwest Virginia towns She recently taught two successful terms of school at i isaka She is a grad? uate ofthe State Normal School at Farmville. The groom is a native of North Carolina, but came to this section about five years ago, where he has served most Successfully RS physician tor the Stonega Coke and Coal Company . Dr. and Mrs. Bell arrived at Roda last Friday, where they will make their future home. A glance at the map should show the Mexicans that there is abundant territory in which to conduct their skirmishes with? out pressing too closely on the United States bonier.