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VOL. XXIV, BIG STONE GAP, WISE COUNTY, VA.. WEDNESDAY. MARCH 15, 1916. No. 11 Mexican Bandits : Raid New Mexico Town and ! Kill Americans. Columbus, N. M., March !(.?; Francisco Villa, outlawed Mox icau bandit raided Un itatl States territory today. With SOU men llO attacked Columbus, killed al least sixteen Americans, and lired many buildings before ho was drive,i back across the in? ternational border; Not less than 250 troopers of the Thirteenth United States Cavalry follow. .' the Villa band into Mexico. Kcports to Col. II. .1. Slocum, commanding United Blutes troops at this place, late today stilted that Villa had made a stand fifteen miles south of the holder where spiiited lighting ensued. In this engagement an unarmed private was killed ami Captain Ueorge Williams, adjutant of. the Thir? teenth Cavalry, was wounded. The small detachment of troopers under MajorTompkins and Miner Linsloy lighting dis mounted made a determined stand against the renewed Vilia attack, and lit last reports were holding their ground. Creep Upon Sleeping Town. Tin1 raid on Amoniciili terri? tory proved costly to thobandit chief tains. The bodies of IS bandits, including Pablo Lope/., second in command, had been gathered and burned hefore noon and troopers reported an undetermined number still ly? ing in the brush. Led to the attack under the slogan: ''Death to the Amer? icans," Villa's followers fought with desperation. Just hefore dawn they crept along ditches skirting the United states cav? alry camp and rushed upon the sleeping town, bring heavily. The lirst volley brought American troopers into almost, instant action. While a portion of the raiders engaged the cav? alrymen, others began applying the torch and shooting Auri ?can civilians who ventured from the buildings: Lights in homes and public buildings im? mediately became targets' for snipers posted at Villa's tlirec lion: Tim bandits creeping close to American llonies, entic? ed a number of civilians into the open with Kuglish spoken invitations. A number of fa? talities are attributed to this rase. Tioops Ordered Into Mexico. Washington, March lOlh.? President Wilson today ordered American troops over tie- Mex? ican border to capture or kill the Villa bandits who yestordit) raided Columbus, causing a loss of sixteen American lives. Major General Scott, chief of Btalf of the army, announced that the expedition would con sist of not less than 5,000 men, all of which are available on the border under Major liem-rul Fuuston. In its present stage the presi? dent's order does not mean arm? ed intervention in Mexico, It provides for a punitive expedi? tion to deal with lawless forces over which the Carrau/.u gov? ernment has no control. The following statement was issued at the white house: "A.u adequate force will he sent at once in pursuit of Villa with the single object nf captur? ing him and putting a stop to his forays. This can he done and will be done in entirely friendly aid of the constituted authorities in .Mexico and with scrupulous respect for the .sov? ereignty of that republic." May Mobilize The Navy. No orders have been issued to the navy this afternoon, Lut it was considered probable that sonic of the Atlantic fleet might be placed in Mexican waters to be near if Americans in coast towns were odd angered by ttnti American demonstrations. The government is relunctant to make any naval demonstra tion that might he construed as against Getieral Oarranza. It was explained at the white house that the American gov? ernment wants Villa dead or alive, and that no steps will bo neglected to curry out this nl> ject The cabinet WU8 unanimous in deciding that VfIIa must be caught. President Wilson and the cabinet took up today the ques? tion of whether a column of troops should be Bent into Mex ico to capture Villa and Iiis baud of bandits. Carranza Will Unilc With American Troops to Pun? ish Raiders. Mexico City, March 9.?"My government sincerely regrets this atl'air and asks the Ameri? can people to be patient," said Marceliuo Duviiids, foreign min? ister of the Car ran/.a cabinet in a statement to the Associated Press today. "The government asks Ihe American people to remember that Villa is a common enemy." he continued, "and an outlaw to he hunted down by all men. The government will use the most vigorotlH means to run this man to earth and avenge his horrible acts." KNOXVILLK'S FIRST TRADE TRIP. K uowille, Tenn., March 10. ?The Knoxville Hoard of Com? merce is receiving enthusiastic letters daily from the different Hoards of Commerce of the towns aild cities to tie visited on I heir Kirst Trade Trip, as? suring them of their hearty co? operation in making this trip the decided success the Knox? ville organization desires it. to he. While this is to he the lirst trip that Knoxville has ever made of ibis kind, neither pains nor expense are being spared to make it a success in every way. The purpose of the trip is not altogether for business pur? poses, or for selling goods, but rather to meet the people of the various towns from whom they buy goods and to whom they sidl goods, and to bring them into a closer relationship with each other. In several of the larger towiis and cities where the '?Special'' is to stop for some length of time, preparations are being made to entertain Ihe visitors in many ways;while in Ihe smaller lowns where the length of stay will not permit of extensive en? tertainment, other forms will he provided. The special will consist of eight all-steal Pi) I man curs, in? cluding t wo dining cars and one combination baggage and re? freshment car. The train will carry over 100 of Knoxville's leading business and professional men ami man ufaCtur.erS on hoard. Kesidfs these, tie re will he a large brass hand to help make merry when the visitors arrive in the vari? ous lowns and cities Knelt member of the part} will wear a white hat find car ry a striped umbrella in addi? tion to wearing the regulai badge: Missionary Meeting. The Woman's Missionary So eiety met with Mrs. Skeen March 2, and in members pres out. The business session open? ed with prayer, after which the roll was called and minutes read und approved. Treasurer's report, and collection of dues The different ofticors present made their reports. The Superintendent of Social Service reported the roof of the station parsonage needing paint and it Wits decided to have it done at once. It was voted to pledge fifty dollars for 10i(i. The circles will be retained as they were last year, except new chairmen will be selected. Mrs. Skeen read a letter from Mrs. J. M. Carler, of Bluefield, asking as many of the women as can to go to the annual meet hie of the Missionary Society at that place, March 14th to 17th. Mrs. Wagner ami Mrs. Skeen were elected delegates to repre? sent on r an xilliary there. Mrs. Knight asked us to meet with her in April. Mrs. Henry Mor iaon led the devotional program. Song Xo. 128 followed by an earnest prayer by Miss Kllasue Wagner. Topic for the month was China and Mrs. Carter read an article on Medical Educa? tion for womon in China. Song "Abide With Mo", closed the meeting. Mrs. H. A. \V. Skeen, Supt. Pub. Council Meet? ing. The Town Council hehl its regular monthly meeting in the Council Chamber Monday March Tili al t p. m. The monthly reports of otlicers were read ami approved. Council decided to accept the proposition submitted recently Oy II. I. Miller, |'r. si.lent of the Interstate RUM Roail for the improvement of Wvaudotte Avenue, from the Methodist Chllrch to the (dd woolen mill and out Sixth street in Wood Avenue. These improvements consisting of grading said streels, placing coke cinders thereon ami then rolled. The material to bo donated, and both the Interstate I!. It, and I.. .V X. it. It. agree to deliver the same at I.. CY X. depot Pig Stone ( lap free of charge to the town. The total cost for put ling these streels in first class condition for travel as aho\ o outlined, is estimated at uboill ?500.00. It is expected that weather conditions will he such that work will he commenced soon after the 15th of April next. The Mayor was authorized to purchase a oar of crushed stone to he used in repairing maca? dam roads within tin* town limits. A resolllntion was passed, that for the purpose of raising revenue for general purposes ..| I tlio town, a tax of :.o cents he levied on each male dog ami I pi.IK) on each female dog within jibe town limits, which tax j shall bo paid to the Treasurer I before any license shall he issued for stich dogs to ruii at ! large. Ihe matter of water rales with certain consumers who uro dissatisfied with present rates accorded them, was re? ferred to a special committee composed of the Mayor, Iteeor der ami Treasurer, lor report ami recommendation at the next regular meeting of Coun? cil. Council adjourned to meet the lirsl Tuesday in April. Large Expehditnrs. Washington, I). C, March j?During January, 10)0, the Southern Railway Company j disbursed for labor, material, supplies and other purposes j- I,. li4t>;8S;i of w Inch : 1,078,750 or S7.7I per beiit was paid lo in? dividuals and industries located in ihe Soiith, according to figures announced today by Comptroller A. II Plant. Due lo the progress mittle in its im. prove tueiit-i, large amounts were expended during the month lor construction pur? poses; lb,, lotal amount dis? bursed by the Company during the mouth in the South was ., I ilfi more than it n coiycd from the I.pie of the South for transportation. The Company spent ljil(027. S02.O4 in January for improve? ments to its roadway nml struc? tures as against fli,007,870. Od during January, 1015, and $107,025 11 during January, it'll. For the seven months ending January, 10'10, :I,l',?, 2SM I t was disbursed for im proveincnts to roadway ami structures as against $5,444, 185 77 during the same period in IUISj and j i ,080,278.07 during the same period in 1014. Norfolk & Western Is Forg? ing Ahead. It is how definitely under? stood, says the Blueiield Tele graph, that the Norfold & \Vest eru will enter the rich coal fields of Buchanan county. The road of tho llonakcr Lumber Company will he used from tiunuker to "Big A" mountain, which the N. ?c W. will tunnel instead of winding across the top as the lumber road does. The Chesapeake' & Ohio, also, is coining in on the north side and w ill have easy grade all the way up the river to IQrundy. It seems as though these two roads will beat the Virginian to this field. The lat? ter road will have so much more mileage to build from Prinston that it is probable that it will abandon the idea of com ing into Buchanan county alto? gether. Missionary Meeting. Tin- Woman's Missionary Society met in regular session utthe home of Mrs ( uis Mouser. A? it hail previously been do cided that the business session precede the devotional, Mrs. Pottit, president, tunk charge ,?f the business progroui Hull call ami collection of lines were done at ihe same time as Mrs. Kilbourii, treasur? er, w is absent anil t lui secretary acted for her. Minutes of hist meeting were reiitl and approved. All olllcers present made their reports. Ihe amount that we should pledge for this year was dis cussed, but no decision made. Il being postponed until next meeting. Mrs. Smith, then took charge of the devotional program and "The Morning Light Is Ureak ing" was sung Scripture los ?011, Prayer by Mrs. Martin. Mrs. Mlithews read leaflet en? titled "New Life for Women in China". Mrs Morrison rend ??New Women in China". Mrs. Isaac Taylor sang a solo "No Name So Sweet as ,1osus". Mrs. Wagner and Mrs. Marlin dis cussed "Missions" each giving their reasons for bolief in Mis sions. Prayer by Mrs. Wagner. The meeting adjourned till March when it will be held at Mis Skeen's residence. Mrs. II. A. W. Skeen, Sooty] of Pub. Radford Nor? mal Notes. Prof. .1. II. Pinfold, of the State Department of Education, is spending two days al the Normal School Huh week and speaksal Ihe chapel hour and to the Junior mid Senior Classes in regard to the Standardization of schools and other problems in connection with tile rural ami v ill,ige schools. <?uo of the most interesting features ot the Joint Education? al Conference will lie the work of the Training School. In tint, school the teachers will see teaching done according to the best ami most n p p r.ovvtl methods. One-half day Priduy is devoted to observation in the Training School. Mr. Pair fax Harrison, Presi den I of the Southern Itiiilroud, and Mr. II. W. Anderson, a well known attorney of Itiell nionil, will deliver addresses in the Normal School Auditorium May !i. This is one of a series of four lectures that will be given by these distinguished gentlemen in ihe Slate. The well known interest of these gentlemen in all mailers con? nected with the enligliinient of the community ami the enlarge meat of ihe lives and opportun! ties of the people wll give much interest to their addresses. Courses for the S li m ni e r School have'been outlined and the catalogue of the Slimmer Quarter will be ready for distri? bution at a very early date. The Summer School is conduct? ed under the auspices of the Stale Hoard of Education and oilers Academic Courses, regu? lar Normal School Professional < 'nurses, lie view Courses for those preparing for the State Examination for First and Second tirade Certificate, Sum. iner School Professional Courses, and courses for the re? newal and uxfention of certifi? cates. Buying Milch Cows For The Coalfields. J. I>. Peery and Arthur Lewis, of Tazowell county, Va., wero visitors in P.ristol Th?rs day. These gentlemen were hero to begin a canvass for milch cows. They reported a shortage of such animals in the coal fields, owing to the largo numb t of new operations that have been opened, including the. putting into blast of a large number of coke ovens in Taxe well, Wise and Lee counties. These gentlemen expects to meet the demands of the min? ing district by finding the hum her of cows that it needed.? Hristol Herald Courier. U. D. C. Meeting. The United Daughters of (lib Confederacy ihot Wednesday March 8th, at the home of Mrs 0. 0. Long, with Mrs. I.. () Pottit, president, In the chair. | Fifteen members responded tu roll call, with a historic ii event which happened in March. The minutes were read and approved, after which the reports of the ottieers were given. Mrs. U. C. Long, Mrs. Alexander ami Mrs. Malcolm Smith were .elected delegates to the district convention which meets at Tozewell, Va., in April. The delegates were in? structed to extend a invitation for the next dtstr. convention to meet in Big StOll ) < lap. The Chapter was gl ul lo wpl come Miss Kdna Clilly as a new member. Holt call in April will ; be answered with a historical event. The subject of the historical less,in for March was "Who Burned Columbia?" and the qui stious from Mrs. Blither lord's address were read bv Mrs II. A. \V Skeen. Mrs. J. I'. Wolfe read an interesting poem entitled "Shermani/.".!'". Fids was followed bv all enjoy able rent!ing, "Car.dinu! I'aro lilili!" given by Mrs. S A. Bailey. Mrs. Coohran invited Ihe chapter Id meet with her in April. After the program the hostess served a tempting salad course. Mrs. Malcolm Smith, Bee. and Cor. Soc'y. 400,000 Persons Crossed At? lantic. Washington. March S -Des? pite the penis of submarine wurfnre 100,000 persons crossed the Atlantic between American and Kuropoan ports as passen Hers last year. Figures ass, in tiled today in the bureau of navigation show that 2ob,lkKi of theiil traveled oil Vessel- oWneil by the belligranls. < hie huii died and fifty thousand look passage on lieutrtll ships. Passengers carried by bei ligCrOllt ships die divided as follows: Italian ships | ta.OOO, 1!, jtjsh 80,000; French 13 CM) I; Russia 0, O?Oj Belgien 1,01)0. Those on ic-utrol ships were; Am'l ie in 81 an hi; (ireek 28,1)00; Danish :.'7, 000; Duteli 23,1.; Norwegian 16,000; Spanish I,uo0. The Marian Coillltv (|ood Boa,I B?I d8 were sohl Thill's. day, Feb. 2 Ith, lo Wiiil Both ami Company, of Cincinnati, at a premium of $4,000; Tins .ale having beult made su early af? ter the election will enable us to gel our money at once ami begin work just as Bnoil es the weather will permit?Harlan Kulerpl ise. The Body Is A Human Dry dock. A Storehouse For Diseases That Wreck The System And Cause Much Misery. The human body unless giv? en careful attention will con? tract all kinds of germs that will eventually wear down the working organs and cause sick? ness. Mrs. P. S. Co,ike. of 10 K. nth Street, Richmond, Va., said in regard lo this, "1 hail an a vful amount of gas on my Btotll tell and was very weak and run down. My appetite was poor and everything I ate cans id a fullness in my throat and I suffered from severe head? aches. My bladder and kid? neys also gave me trouble, I decided to try Tanlac ami now I am not troubled with gas and my kidneys and bladder are bet? ter. My appetite is improved ami I am gaining in strength every day. My general con? dition lias improved and I fee! line. I recommend Tanlac to everyone who is sick as 1 know ii to be a grettt remedy.''' (io t,>,|av to the Mutual Drug Company and buy a bottle of Tanlac and drive the sickness out of your system. Delay is dangerous.?adv. Paper Increase Causes Worry in Printing Trade. Uncertainty as to future prico of printing paper is causing un? easiness in the printing busi? ness. Scarcity of both dye stuffs and other material used in tli" manufacture of paper has driven the price of paper up? ward f: ??;11 to 50 per cent., according to dealers, and print? ing ink also is much higher. Some paper nulls have stopped in iking certain kinds of paper altogether because they are tin able to secure the proper color? ing material: This is especially true with regard to blue, yellow net red paper; Paper mills are refusing to quote prices for the future and have withdrawn all price lists. In addition to the aok of dyes the scarcity of rags is making itself felt. As in so many other instances the European war is being blamed for the situation. Immense stores of rags in warehouses two years ago have b-'en u~e i. and no supplement? ary supplies have reached tins country formtiny months, ac? cording to Krank Puerck, superintendent of the Courier journal Job Printing Company, and C- C. Otisley, president of the Kentucky Print Shop. Both said printing ink of certain col a s can not he had at all, while other kinds cost from 20 to 300 per cent more than formerly. ? Louisville Courior .1 ourntih Meeting of Directors of Wise County Fair Association. The Wise Connly Pair As? sociation hold its annual meet? ing at the court house last Saturday, to elect officers for (he coming year ami to trans? act such other mutters that might com.- before the meeting. L'horu was quite a crowd of stock holdoi s present. Ihe object of the meeting was Haiti to he to elect ollicers anil to arrange for a fair here in the fall. All the old ollicers and direc? tus were reelectcd with the exception of f II llolylield, who, business reasons, declined the olllce of secretary and treasurer, an office he has held I since t his association was first (organized. K. B. Mo Kirov was untininiously elected to this of? fice. Prospects are might for a good fair here this fall, ami it is none too early now to begin preparations to make it the best year of all -Wise Republican. RURAL CARRIERS EXAMI? NATION. 'file ? nited States Civil Ser? vice t 'ommission has announced an examination for the County of Lee, Virginia, to he held at I'.ig Stone ( Lip, Va., and Mid dlesboro, Ky., on April s, lino to till the position of rural car? riers at Pounington tiap and Vacancies that may later occur on rural routes from other post olllces ill lb-, above-mentioned .inty. The examination will le- open only to male citizens who are actually domiciled in the territory of a post office in tin1 county and who meet the other r. (piirc'llieilts set forth in Form No. 1077. This form and applications blanks may be ob tamed from the otlices mention? ed above or from the United States Civil Service Commis? sion al Washington, I). C. Ap? plications should be forwarded to tin Commission at Wushing ton til the earliest practicable date. DR. DOUGHERTY. Ihe friends of Dr. J. M. Dougherty, of Nickelsvillu, would be pleased to have him made a delegate from the Ninth district in the Republican na? tional convention. Our politi? cal views are different from those of Dr. Dougherty, but we are frank in our admiration of Dr. Dougherty as a citizen. The Republicans would honor them selves in si b eting him as a delegate. Dr. Dougherty and Senator I 'base would be ns good a selection as tiieir party could make. Certainly ttie Scott coun? ty delegates to tho district meeting should stand by- Dr. Dougherty.?Onto City Herald.