Newspaper Page Text
The Big Stone Gap Post.
VOL. XXVI. _-__BIGSTONE GAP. WISE COUNTY. VA.. WEDNESDA Y_J^ mapv o lo.o- "7T:,T ALL RAILROADS Will be Operated Under Government Super? vision Washington, Dec. 21).?Gov? ernment possession and opera tion of the nation's railroads for the war proclaimed by Pres? ident Wilson tonight, and be camo effective u t no 0 n Friday, December 28. William Q. MoAdoo, retaining his place in tho cabinet as Secretary of the Troasury, i h placed i n charge us director general of railroads. Every railroad engaged in general transportation, with its appurtenances,including etcum sbip lines, is taken over and all Systems will be operated as one under tho director general. In a statement accompanying bis proclamation, the President announced that as soon as Con? gress reassembles he will recom maud legislation guaranteeing pro war earnings and mainten? ance of railroad properties in good repair. Government backing will be given to now issues of railroad securities that u ready market may bo found. T h e President's move, al? though forecast for weeks,came at this time as a great surprise to nearly everybody in Wash? ington, including railroad otli ciuls. It had been generally believed he would await the re assembling of Congress before taking any step. He acted though Secretary of War linker under authority conferred in the army appropriation act. Direct management of the roads will remain in the hands of railroad officials and the rail? roads' war board, comprised of live railroad heads, will contin? ue to direct actual operation under Secretary McAdoo's gen? eral supervision. Tho chief practical effect of government operation will In? to permit unification of all rail system, impossible under pri vato operation by reason of statutes prohibiting pooling of rail traffic anil earnings, 'lite roads themselves hail gone us far us they tlared in this direc? tion, and it became known that thoy had been warned by At torney General Gregory that a violation of anti-pooling laws could not be permittet). , Although the proclamation applied to all electtic lines en? gaged in general trausporta tion, local interurbau systems are specifically exemption. Congri ss will be asked to guarantee e..,tiings equivalent! to the average net operating in? come of each railroad in three year period ending .1 uue 30,1017. Railroad experts estimate that this will cost the government next year in the neighborhood of $100,000,1100, which can be raised in large part by increased freights, if the Interstate Com? merce Commission grants the roads' application for the I? per cent rate increase uow pending Otherwise it will be paid largely out of the gonoral government, funds. The Interstate Commerce Commission and other govern ment agencies which have to do with tho railroads will con? tinue to perform their functions as herotofore except- that they will bo subject to orders of the director of railroads. No postmaster's pny will be increased during tho war, ac? cording to an order by the Post master General. Income Tax. Roanoko, VaM Dec. 81.?You won't have to figure out your own income tax hereafter. Tho government ib going to send out men to help you. It will be up to you to hunt up these men, who will be sent into evory community and county Beat town, and nnnio other towns besides, to meet tho people Postmasters, hankers und news? papers will bo able to ttdl you when the Government's income tax man will be around, n-id where to find him. Ho will answer your questions, swear you to tho return and take your money. Returns of income for 1017 must be made between Jan? uary I and March 1, 1!H8. "The Government rccogni zes," Collector of Internal Rev? enue Hart said to-day, "that many persons experience a good deal of difficulty in filling out income tax forms. It recogni? zes too, that taxpayers reBident at points where collector's offi? ces are not easily accessible find it hard to Bet proper in? struction in the law. With evory married person living with wife or husband and having a nut income of $'2,000, and every un? married person not the head of a family ami having a net in-! come of $1,000 for 11)17 must make return of incotno on the form prescibed, there will be hundreds in every community seeking light on the law, and help in executing their returns. My own and every other collec? tion district in the nation will be divided into districts, with the county as the unit, and a government officer informed in the income tux assigned to each; district. He will spend hardly less than a week in each county and in some countioB a longer lime, very likely in the court? house at the countysent town. In cities where there are collec? tor's branch offices, he will be tliere, and in other cities possi? bly at the city hall. My ofiico will in due time udviso post? masters and bankers and send out notices to the new spapers stating when the officer will be in each county. "It may bo stated as a mat tor of general information that 'not income' is tho remainder after subtracting expenses from gross income. Personal, family, or livingexpenses is not expense in the meaning of the law, the exemption lining allowed to cover such expenses. The new exemptions of $1,000 and $2,000 will add tens of thousands to the number of income taxpayers in this dis? trict, inasmuch as practically every farmer, merchant,trades? man, professional man and sal? ary worker and a groat many wago workers will be required to make return and pay the tax The law makes it tho duty of the taxpayer to seek out the Collector. Muny people assume that if an income tax form is n >t sent, or a government offi? cer does not call, they are re? lieved from making report. This is decidedly in error. The taxpayer has to go to tho Government and if be doesn't within the time prescibed, he is a violator of the law, and the Government will go to him with its penalties. The Collector is particularly anxious that not a taxpayer in his district allow himself to be in default and subject to penal, ty. Wheat Crops Will Fall Short of Early Es? timate. Washington, Dec. 31.?Oov ernment plann for a billion bushels wheat crop next year to help tho United State? feod its allies has received a setback. It was disclosed hy the Decem? ber crop roport of the Deport? ment of Agriculture that while winter wheat was planted on the largest acreage ever sown to that cereal its condition on December 1, was the lowest on record for that date. Condition was 70.2 of normal. A winter crop of 640,000,000 bushels was forecast by the Bureau for Crop Estimate. The actual production will be great er or less, according as condi? tion!) hereafter are better or worse than average. Through a great Hpring crop it still is hoped to bring the year's total to somewhere near the billion mark. Tho December canvas shows that 42,170,000 acres were sown an acre of about 5,000,000 acres less than planned. The farm? ers did their best, Department of Agriculture olllciula say, but conditions wert; against them. The very dry weather in most of the winter wheat belt was a largo drawback, while late harvest of other crops a n tl shortage of farm help were con? tributing causes. Should the winter wheat crop mature to ,r.4<i,(in i.uou bushels as forecast today, it would bo the third largest of record, being exceeded only by the crops of 1914 and 1915. Government ofti ciulu had figured on having winter wheat production each 672,0O(i,O0t> bushels, but forecast indicates that it will fall 132, 000,000 bushels short of that figure. Indications are that rye pro duction will bo 26,000,000 bush? els larger than hist year's rec? ord crop. Already steps are being taken for a large increase in the acre? age of the spring wheat crop to bo planted next spring. Coun? cil of National Defense Depart tnent of Agriculture officials will adopt measures to insure au adequate labor supply for planting operations, ample sup plies of seed wheat and help for tbo harvests. Tho largest spring wheat crop heretofore was in 1915, when 351,854,000 bushels were harvested from 10,161,000aoros, Acreage of winter wheat with the percentage of increase over last year in Virginia, North anil South Carolina and Tennessee follows: Virginia 1,46:1,000 ncres, 10 per cent; North Carolina 1,179, 000 acres 15 per cent; South Carolina 270,000 acres, 20 per cent; Tennessee 840,000, five per cent. Bible Class The Woman's Bible Glass will meet on Thursday promptly tit three o'clock at the Baptist church. It costs nothing ex? cept perhaps a little sacrifice of time that might he spent in profitable home duties! But what is of more importance, what is inoro profitable than an hour spent with Him in getting inspiration and a clearer insight, into the words lie has left us as the "way," in getting to the bottom of truth in itself, in feeding ourselves spiritually. Miss Williams is sacrificing other duties to come here. Let us welcome her with a larger at? tendance at the beginning of the new year and begin a habit that will repay one hundred fold the time spent. If War Contin? ues 20.000 Graduare Nur3cs Will Be Required in Army Hospital With a, continuance of tho wnr, this year at leuBt 'J0.00? nurses will be needed in Army hospitals at. home ami abroad. Of tho 80,000 graduate nurses of the country onlyll.SOOhavo so far been assigned to duty in Army service, and of this num? ber 1,500 are in Prance. An Army nurse must be n graduate of a training school for nurses and must have serv ed for two years in a hospital. They tiro assigned to duty in the United States or abroad, aud preferences are granted when conditions permit. Nurses who prefer not to go abroad will have their preferences re spected. New U. S. Naval Establish? ment Washington, 1). C. Dec. 31.? for many years there have been lew additions to the number of navy yards and stations in the United States, but the war Itus made necessary a considerable increuse in our facilities for conducting naval operations. The naval aircraft factory at Philadelphia, Pa;, have recent? ly been completed and the naval operating base a t Hampton, Roads, Vit., have recently been completed and are now in full commission. In course of pro paration are a naval training station at (iulfporl, Miss.; and submarine bases at New Lon? don, Conn., and Sau Pedro,Oul. It will be noted thai these two submarine bases are so situated as to mid to the defenses of both tin' Atlantic and Pacific Coasts. Located close to sup plies of steel ami coal is the projectile plant al Charleston. W. Vs., which is expected to be in operation soon after Jan uary 1. The buildings erected for the exposition at San Diego, Cal., nro serving a further use as a truing station for the Navy and thousands of Uncle Sam's recruits are being made into sea fighters with these artistic structures as t, base. Tito whole Navy Yard Si r vice is, of course, humming with activity. There is a short? age of labor, however, in cer? tain lines and ship construction and other work is suffering in consequence. Anglesmilhs, blacksmiths, boatbuilders, can vasworkers, coppersmiths, dril? ler.-", fabric workers, frame benders, machinists,power sew? ing machine operators (tvomnn) sailmakers, ship draftsmen, shipfitters, shipsraiths, Bubin spectors of ordance, and other mechanics und techical men are badly needed. The United States Civil Service Commission is urging, as u patriotic duty, that persons trained in these lines offer their services to the Government at this time uf great need. Representatives of tho Civil Service Commission at the post offices in all citizens are giving full information aud supplying application blanks. No written examinations arc required. In its campaign for the sav? ing of coal the Fuel Adminis? tration declares the average American homo is superheated. Eminent American physicians are quoted as saying that a room above (58 degrees Fahren? heit is too worm for health and exposes the occupants to cut arrhul diseases and pneumonia. COAL SCARCE Post Exchanges Furnish Lit-' tie Luxuries Which Make Camp Life Pleasant Men at tho cantonment buy many articles at the post ex ch-inges for lesR money than they would have to pay In their home town Htorcs. And the pout exchange manager is au? thority for the statement that 10,000 men make a tremmendi ous demand for 5 cent packages of candy. About I o'clock in the afternoon there is agenoral rush for apples, sweet crackers, and coffee or milk, despite the fact that big dinners will be ready a couple of hours later. The problem of supplying the men in Army cantonments with small necessities and luxuries which the Government does not furnish is met by tho Com? mission on Training Camp Ac? tivities through these post ox changes. They are to be found at each cantonment, there bo ing as a rule one exchange for each regiment. Each carries ?in average of $10,000 worth of goods. Business is nearly all done on a credit basis Men obtain book* of ,'> and 10 cent coupons and pay for them at the end of the month. Tost exchanges average $1,000 a day in sales, I and as they are about 250 in operation, the yearly business will aggregate many millions of dollars. Splendid Work Miss Morgan tho County nurse has examined 1,600school children since .September. Sev? enty Five per cent havo been found defetive.Thorolhave been forty-live operations for Ade? noids a n d enlarged tonsils. Twenty cases of Trocoma, and a number of children with de? fective teeth have been treated. Miss Margan says tho public spirit and cordial co-operation shown by the Physicians and Dentists of Wise County, has been all that she could have wished for or desired, and is; most encouraging. She tiuds n gradual awakening upon the part of the parents to help muke their children, strong, clean and healthy. This work is in its infancy, but wo feel that Miss Morgan is accomprlshing much and she should have tin co-oporat:on of all those who desire a belter and higher cili zonahip. Community Meeting On Friday night, January 11, a community meeting will be held at the school house. There will be a debate on the resolu? tion "That there shall be estab? lished a public school next year in the I,. & N. section of town." There will also be a short pro? gram of music, and everyono is a6ked to attend and help make this an enthusiastic meeting of patrons and citizens. How's This t Wo offer One Hundred I'ollsrt I Reward for any case of Catarrh ! that cannot be cured by Hail's Catarrh Cure. F. J. CHENEY i CO.. Toledo, O. We, the undersigned, havo known F. 3. Cheney for the last IS years, and believe him perfectly honorable In all business transactions and financially able to carry out any obligations made by his firm. NATIONAL BANK OK COMMERCE. Toledo. O. Halt's Catarrh Cure Is taken Internally, acting directly upon the blood and mu? cous surfaces of the system. Testimonials sent free. Price 15 cents per buttle. Sotd lv all Drucctsta. Take Hairs Family FI'.U M "attlpatioa. State Convicts and German Prisioners May be Used to Cut Wood In many sections of Virginia tin- coal si i nation in critical. At Hamilton it was necessnry for Stnte Administrator Byrd to divert three earn in transit so as to enable tho heating of the pulic school; at Lexington, Va., the shortage of coal iacrit cul and it has been necessary to rush several cars so that tho public institution can be sup? plied; the Southwestern Hospit? al for the insane, at Marion, was on the eve of tin exhausted coal supply and except for tho co-operation of the Norfolk ?V Western Railway is giving ex? pedited movement to a car in transit serious suffering would have resulted. Mr. Byrd is making every effort to take care of the immediate needs of Virginia and so far no impor? tant industries have been com? pelled to discontinue operations and no actual suffering has oc cm red. After a conference held in Richmond between Fuel Ad? ministrator Byrd, State High way Commissioner Ooloinnu, and Superintendent of the Pen? itentiary Wood, it was decided I to utilize the convict camps for the cutting of wood. Tho camp near Frodericksburg was Boh oi ed for the tirst experiment. This camp is now cutting one hundred cords of wood to bo distributed, through the Local Fuel Commission, to the poor of Krederickburg at exact cost, As no charge in made for con? vict labor, it is not expected that the wood wili cost over ?2.00 per cord. If this experi? ment proves successful a n d practicable, all other convict camps through Virginia will be instructed to cut wood when tht; weather is unlit for work? ing on the roads, such wood to he distributed to the public where m o st needed through Local Fuel Commissions entire? ly without profit. It is expect? ed that in this manner largo quantities of wood can be pro? duced throughout the wiutoi months without seriously inter? fering with the construction of roads. Stute Fuel Administrator Byrd has recommended to Na? tional Fuel Administrator Qar tietd that Uerman prisioners in? terned in stales near Virginia, numbering forty-live thousand, be compelled to cut wood fur public consumption. These prisioners are being t( I ami maintained at the expense of the Government and should bo put to work to relievo tho ex? isting fuel crisis. With live hundred or one thousand Ger? man prisoners distributed throughout Virginia cutting wood, many sections could bo furnished wood to use as a sub? stitute fur coui. In regard to the regulation of wood prices, this mutter is now under advisement and definite announcement was made to-duy that prices as fixed woultl nut be such as to discourage tho production of wood. It is un? likely that the price of wood at the source will be determined by reason of tho varying con? ditions existing throughout tho Slate of Virginia. It is proba? ble, however, that Stato Ad? ministrators will be given tho authority to regulato tho retail? ers' profits so that retailers can? not take advantage of the t x I isting shortage of coal and im poso exorbitant prices.