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The Big Stone Gap Post.
VOL. XXVI, No. 2 Young Men Without Dependents Must Do the Fighting Washington,Jan. .1 ?All moii for tho wiir armies still to be raised by the United Stuten will comu from tho Class One under tho now selective servico plan. That means the nation's light? ing is to bo done by young men without families dependent upon their labor for support nntl unskilled necoessary indus? trial or agricultural work. P r o v o a t Marshall General Crowdor announces tho now policy in an exhaustive report upon the operation of the Bo leotive draft law submitted to? day to Secretary Maker and sent to Congress. He says Class One should provide men for the all fighting needs of the country and to accomplish that object urges amendments of the draft law so as to provide all men who have reached their twonty-tirst birthdays sine e Juno 5,1917,shall bo required lo register for classification. Also in the interest <>f fair distribu? tion of the military burden, he proposes that the quotas o f State or districts bo determined hereafter on the basis of the number of me i in Cluss One nntl not upon population, Available figures indicate,the report says, there are 1,000, 10 physically and otherwise quali? fied men under (ho present reg. istration who will be found in cluss one, when questionnaires have been returned and the classification period ends Fed rttary 16, To this one extension of reg istration lo men turning 21 since June 5 of last year and tboro ufter will add 7t)0,000 effective men a year. Community Meeting An event of great and vital interest to all the citizens of Big Stone Gap will bo the Com? munity Meeting and public tie bate on the advisability of es? tablishing a public school in the L. & N, section of town, in tho High School auditorium, at 8 p. m. Friday, January 11. Tho question in "Resolved, that a Public School should be es? tablished next year in the L?. N. section of Big Stone Gap." Two teams, each composed of threo representative citizens of Rig Stone Gap, will uphold respectively the affirmative and negative of this question. Aftel the set debate the question will bo thrown open for general discussion by those present, and a vote Otl the sentiments of the gathering will be taken. At a community meeting it is in order to bring up any Bltbject of general interest to the people of the community. On Friday night the people of Rig Stone Gap will have the first opportunity of hearing our now farm detnpnstation agent, Mr. I). D. Sizer, who will speak briefly on l!ig Stone Gap's pan in the) government's campaign for increased food production. In addition to tho discussions there will bo a pleasing musi? cal program. Mayor William Nickels will preside at the community meet? ing. The debaters uro as follows: Affirmative, Messrs. Geo. L. Taylor and Hugh Slemp und Mrs. 1). B. Sayers; Negative, Mosers. C. 0. Cochran and W. T. Goodloe and Mrs. R E. Toggart. The public is cordually invit? ed and a large gathering of pill sens is oxpocted. Boy Scout Notes Curl Knight, Kililor More is an item for Ihe par ?nts of Scouta and tho parents f boys who should be Scouts but arc not. What is the fu? ture holding iu store for your boy. As ho sows so shall he surely reap What scouting dues for hoys is well set nut in an article in scouting which io quoted i u par!: About one boy in fifty will remain after the feast ami of his own accord olfer to help clear things up or to wash tho dishes. A number of others would help if asked. A stone is on the pavement where trafllc is passing. Autos may hit it and skid, or it may be a piece of glass. One boy in fifty will Btop and pick it up and put it oil the road where it will do no damage where forty.nine hoys will pass by and never think or euro about who is damaged by u. Tho fiftieth boy is the one wo want in business, in position of trust in any occupation where careful liens is necessary. Hy this we tlo not wish lo be un? derstood as saying that only ' lie hoy in fifty will learn to be e ireful, for a majority of the t oys in time do learn by exper i nee to be careful and thought fill; it sometimes takes ccstly i xperiuncc to teach them. And . ? re is where the trouble lies. Forty-nine boys do not heed what is told them uhotlt being thoughtful and careful where i tie hoy does, and the forty-nine learn in the costly school of ex? perience; 1 stiid forty-nine, that is wrong, for one or two die in the learning through their own carelessness. Scouting makes n fiftieth buy of inure than hall the hoys who engage in it. The observance of the Scollt law makes a boy careful, thoughtful, reliable and helpful. In looking for a chance to do a good turn a Scout becomes thoughtful of others. He forgets self and seeks others'good. Doing good turns becomes a habit with him. This makes friends for him, friends of tho right sort. Quod turns urn like good seed sown in good ground ? they bear a crop and always come back with inc eaBe to the one who does them.. The Scouts now in '.he troop need the co-operation of parents The troop year begins Fobuury first. There will be new uctivi lies and a continuation of the regular scout work. Watch the Post for tho Hoy Scout N'otes during the next few weeks and fill the ranks of the Scouts with manly boys. The Scouts mid winter bike look place the week before Christmas. They went down Powells Hivor about live miles, where they cooked dinner in real scout style; tho nieuti was bacon,potatoes fried and baked, bonus and sonpc Nature furn? ished fruit desert in the form of delicious persimmons. Some class. Following Ihe feast there was a snow ball light of an hour's duration at Hay Stack Ktmb. Every scout was wounded and tho Scout master was literally shot to piecos, but all were hap pily and speedily restored by the first orders. The President said: "I hoar criticism and a claimor of the noisy, thoughtless and trouble? some." And he could not have moro fittingly described them if he had Boar^hedthe dictionary for adjective-. War saving stamps makes it possible for every citizen of this country, every man,woman and child within our bordeis, to do SOMETHING to aid their government in her great need. Will you do YOUU share? Billion Dollars For Proposed National Mili? tary Highways The following from the Man? ufacturer* Record will bo of interest to (lie citizoua of South wesl Virginia: Charles Hunry l).tvin, presi? dent of the National Highway Association, i s organising a drive to gel .f 1,000,000,000 for national military highways to be expended directly after peace i*. declured, to force bustuoss prosperity while the big adjust? ment is taking place. Tho original route of the Itoosovell Highway is up the three southeastern Kentucky rivers, Cumberland, l?g Sandy a ti d Kentucky rivers. The brauch up the Cumberland, sturts from Louisville and trnu verses the Cumberland through j Harlan county to Mig Stone (Jap, Va. This brunch has llie buckiug of tlie Louisville Uourd Of Trade und the steel corpora? tion interests located in Harlan county, as well us every coal interest in Harlan county. The branch up the Kentucky River, known an the Lexiiigtou to Norton Interstate Highway, hat) been approved by Governor Stanley of Kentucky, and hut the backing of the Standard Oil coal intercut* in Letctier county us well as Lexington, aud all '.ho towns front Lexing? ton to Norton are more or less organized, ready for tho big drive. The brauch up the Hig Suuily Hiver in to ho known as Ports mouth to Bristol Highway,with Henry Kobern, president of tho Appalachian Highway As? sociation; back of it. The cities of Portsmouth, lronton a n d Huntington httVO pledged their fullest co-operution, .Mr. Davis, president of the National llighwuv Association, owns 100,000 acres of Harlan'-* choicest coal lands,and it, count od on to head the big drive for the Roosevelt National Military Highway. Mr. Henry Huberts of liristol has stated that he would handle the Hig Sandy River branch from Portsmouth to Bristol, by way of Coeburn and down Clinch River. The hearty approval this Roosevelt National Military Highway i* getting from every quarter in this immense coal and iron Held assures its construction at the very earliest possible moment; and it is hoped to start tho movement at a meeting now being arranged to mobilize the coal in tores I j in Kentucky. The War Department will send tin expert t o Southeastern Ken? tucky to mobilize the owners of 50,000,000,000 tons of con I to plan ways and means of in? creasing the output easily 100 per cent, and Col RoobovoII will bo invited to attend tlii meeting. R. G. Illicit of Charleston, S. 0., president of tho National Oh timber of Commerce, recog? nized us one of the biggest boosters in the United States, is keenly ulive to the possibili? ties of Charleston as a tide-' water outlet for the immense Kentucky resources, and his several letters to the recognized leaders in this field have gone a long way toward bringing some very progressive ideas to a head. Mr. Rhett's intorest in this project alrottdy manifested in a Btibfltuutial way, calcula? ted to give added impetus to the movement now well under w ay. "Ltghtlttss night8"ure plann? ed by the Fuel Administration as an additional inoasure for saving coal. Great Army Will be Sent to France as Rapidly as Possible Washington, Jan. 2.? An en? gagement by the United States to send a great army against the Germans in time to offset tho di fection of Russin w;i? dis ciosed today through the publi? cation by Secfesary Lansing of n n view of tlte work of the American mission which re cently participated in the inter allied war conference at Paris. American lighting men are to cross tho Atlantic ns rapidly as tbey can be mustered and trained. France and Great Britain on their part undertake not only to join in providing ships to carry them, but to see that any deficiencies in arms and equipment tire made up on the other side This wits one of the great de? cisions reached at the confer? ences through which the cobel lig. rents plann- d tu pool their fighting resources ami move as a unit Inward driving the tier mans and their allies out of conquered territory and crush ihg the Teutonic world dominn ing scheute There is to be coordinated effort not only in lighting on I tnd and sea, but in production at hone and in the vast shipbuilding projects upon which depends the vital prob lem of maintaining uninterrup? ted transportation in spite of submarines. Even before Colonel House and his associates of the Amer? ican mission reached home the machinery to again speed up war preparations here had been set in motion. In today's an nouncenimit is seen the expla? nation of the reorganization of War Department control em braced in the formation of the new war council of general ofli cers, of renewed efforts to speed up the shipping hoard's mer? chant building program, and possibly of I he decision of the administration lo take over all the nation's railroads without wailing for action by Congress. Further indications of new pressure applied since the House mission returned are manifest about tho Navy nntl War de? partments, but most o f the things being done cannot bo discussed publicly for military reasons. It can he stated au? thoritatively, however, that definite steps to make good the pledges given to the allied lead? ers by Colonel 1 louse have al? ready been taken. The first recommendation of the mission is for "entire mili tary, naval a n d economic" unity of action between the powers opposed to Germany. That is regarded as having been accomplished. The summary of the military conferences attended by Gener? al Bliss shown that an agree? ment to "pool resources for the mutual advantages of ull" was entered into. There follows this significant statement: | ''The contribution of t lie United States lo ibis pooling arrangement was agreed upon. The contributions iikowiso of tho countries associated with the United States were deter mined. The pooling arrange? ment guaranteed that full equip? ment of every kind would bo available to all American troops sent to Europe during this year ?H8." Looking beyond 1913 the United States will have no need to seek military equipment of any kind away from homo. Be I fore tho prosont year ends its full war resources will lmvel been made uvailablo. Tho third recommendation of j (ho mission to which tho coun- j try is now committed is for ex tension of tho American ship? ping board program,"systemat? ic coordination of resources of men and materials," to produce the necessary ships ,is urged upon government and people alike. Under a resolution adopted by the inter allied conference, a unified use of ship tonnago was agreed upon which would permit "tho liberating of the greatest amount o f tonnage possible for tho transportation of American troops." A policy to govern tho use of neutral ton? nage was agreed upon. Port facilities at debarkation points for American forces were in? spected and stepstaken to p'-r mit the return of vessels to their home ports with the least pos? sible delay. ? F.ven us the nature of this agreement which has bound all the resources of more than half tho world into one force to do foat Qertnuuy was being pub? lished, definite action toward making it good was in progress also in Paris. Assistant Se? cretary Croo-by of the Treusur) Department, who remained ,ih President of the inter allied council, officially described as a priority board, met there tod i) with the financial represent a lives of the other powers to dis. cuss questions of credit and to which of the allies further A merest) loans are to ;o The decision to keep Amort can troops moving to ifiur?pe in a Steady stream makes another advance in tho government's war plans. Originally it was proposed to use all availabl tonhago for the transportation of supplies and munitions anil to send no soldiers over until they had been given a year' training. This w;ih (banged when Marshal Jeffre came t the United Stats with word thill France wanted at once any number of Americans who cotllt come to put (he Slurs and Stripes on the tiring line, and hearten t Ii e French soldiers wearied by their long battle against tho invaders. Armenian Funds The following are the amounts Beut to the Armeniam and Sy? rian Relief since that committee bus existed: Juno 20.$60.27 June 28,. 10.101 July 11.35?u| July 18,. 32 July 2G. 71. Aug. 1. 18 Aug. 11,. 6.00 Aug. 22,. 18.25 Sept. 5,. 20.10 Sept, 27. 7.00 Oct. 4. 10.60 Nov. 8,. 71.01! Nov. 12. 09.30 N*ov. 20. 17 15 Dec. 10,.53.10 Total $500 82 Mrs. H. A. W. Skeen, Local Treas. I FAVORS EQUALITY IN TAX LAWS Prominent Banker Says In tangible Property Should Be Taxed at Uniform Rate Declaring in favor of uniform j I tax rates on intangible proper jty, bniikem of this vicinity are in hearty accord with the views recently expressed by Oliver J. Sands of Richmond. Said Mr. 6. S. Carter, the progressive President of the Interstate Fi nance Trust Company of Big Stone Gap to a representative of this paper: '?Bank share liolders want to be placed in llio same class as u'.hnr intangible property own urs." Said Mr- Carter "Banks have always been recogiiiz"d as necessary instrumentalities if ihe Government, created nnd [.?bartered for the purpose of aiding the Government, und the share holders of bank slock want to be treated just as stock liolders in any other corporation It is lo be remembered that many of our shareholders have no voice in the Government. Von should be surprised t o know the amount of stuck in our bank held by widows and orphans, for whom it is our duly to speak and to ask jus (ice ai tho hands of the law. makers." lie said further, "Uniformity in the law, and the taxing of shares of bank Stock nt the same rate as other intangible property is a contention thut the bankers of the slate wit! make at tho coming session of tho General Assembly, Oliver J. Sands, President of t It o American National Bank, anil Chairman of the Taxation Com milteo of ihe Virginia Bankers' Association, says 'Owners of ihe bank slock simply want (o be placed in the same class with the owners of ether intan? gible property'. Discussing ihe ineiju ility of tho tax rate, Mr. Sands calls attention lo the fact thai bank stock is taxed at $1.60 on the $100.00, while other intangible property is tuxed al '?:'> cents. Recently the Governor and Au? ditor of Public Accounts have suggested a decrease from the U? cents to 90 cents on the1100.? 00, Mr. Sands thinks that holders of hank stock sh mid be treated with tin-same consider? ation. '1 understand',suit! Mr Sands, 'that the Auditor of Public Ac? counts and the Executive As? sistant lo the Tux Board are unequivocally in favor of a law placing the shares o f hank stuck on the same footing with other intangible property*. Bankers throughout Virginia are in accord with the views expressed by Mr. Sands and tho mutter will bo forcefully placed before t h o Legislature next month." George Hurd. Commended for Bravery in France At a recent meeting of tho Town Council the following resolution regarding George Hurd, of this place, who is now lighting with General I'ersh ing's army in Franco, und who wtis recently commended by the French Government for bravery, was unanimously adopted: It having come to the know, ledge of tho Council thatione of our fellow townsmen, Georg? Hurd, has distinguished him? self for bravery on the battle fields of Franco anil Impelled by loyalty to our Country, and a just pride in the vuior of the mou we have sent forth to rep? resent us on those bloody fields. It is unanimously Resolved that the thanks of the Council, as representative of the loyal peo? ple of the town, be extended to j him, with tho hope that ho and all others of our brave sons may return safe to us. Be it further Resolved that the Recorder bo instructed to forward u copy of this rosoiu jtiontotho suid Georgo Hurd, land the same be placed upon I tho records of tho Town,