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The Big Stone Gap Post.
VOL. XXJVU BIG STONE GAP. WISE COUNTY. VA.. WEDNESDAY. JULY 17, idi? No. 29 Swanson to Head Naval Committee Virginia Senator Named to Succeed Late Senator Tillman. Washington, .July II.?Sen aim Claude A. Swanson, of Vir? ginia, wuh today eloctod chair mau of the Senate naval affairs committee hy the Senate, to succeed the late Senator 'rill man, of South Carolina, He Iibs for years boon ranking Democratic member of the na? val ail'airs committee, and baa bandied the naval appropria? tions bills on tint Iloorof Senate when Senator Tillman wae too ill to do so. At tho Haine time Senator Swanson relinquished tho chair? manship of the committee on public buildings and grounds, though he still remains a mom bei of that committee. Senator Swanson was elected to Congress in IS'.ej, represent? ing the Fifth congressional dis? trict of Virginia in the House of Representatives until 11106, when he resigned to be inau? gurated Governor of Virginia. 11c was Governor of Virginia four years, and on the death of Senator Daniel was appointed his successor to fill out bis un expired term. Senator Swan ?Oll hits twice been re elected to lite Senate by large majorities. While a member of the House of Representatives Senator Swanson served on the ways und means committee, ranking uliead of Speaker Clark and .Majority Leader Cnderwood. Mad be continued bis services in the House of Representatives In would have on account of Iiih seniority, under the prevail? ing custom, been either Speak? er of the House or chairman of the committee on ways and means and majority leader. Senator Swanson, on coming to the Senate, was assigned to tho committee on foreign relit ii'iiisand the committee oil lin Nal affairs, on which commit? tees he is serving tit the present tune. He has served actively on the committee on foreign re latione und has always been n Blanch advocate of an aggres? sive American policy. Senator Swanson, as ranking Democratic member of the com? mittee on naval affairs, hits for years strongly urged the im? portance of a largo and efficient Navy. (?n June s, 1912, he de? livered, in the Senate, a speech urging a large increase in the -?ovy. In this speech he said: "Is tho German empire mak ing prodigious expenditures for a great navy, with tin immense naval policy o f expansion ?txtunding t o 11117, for the mere purpose of show and parade ami as a harmless play? thing for the mailed hands of her. imperial mlor?" He point? ed out that our national safety and progress could not be main? tained by pupur parchments arid treaties?that on account of conditions then existing we could only depend on military force and strength to vindicate these rights. In pointing out the necessity for immediate preparation he used these words: "Mr. President, wars do not come now, us formerly, after ytura of protracted differences und ill will, but they come sud? denly like "summer storms, un? heralded ami unexpected. "The advantages of tpuiek, decisive -iu-lion are now so great that in the future wars will com? like lightning bolts from almost clear skies. Nations! must be prepared in naval arma? ments if (hey are to have suc? cess upon the seas." This speech indicated a fore, sight into conditions which de? veloped ami brought on the present war. Senator Swanson has contin? ued in season and out of season to urge a large and substantial increase in the Navy, in 1910 when on account of the illness of Senator Tillinun he was tid? ing chairman of the committee on naval ail'airs, In- bad charge of the naval appropriation bill in the Senate, which became law August 20j 1910, ami which created a new Navy and made possible the present cfliciont naval force. For three weeks he had charge of this bill in the Se nate, and ;n conference dual ly secured its passage. 'This bill is it came from the House of Representatives to the Sen ale provided for a live year na? val program. Senator Swanson, aided by the members of the Senate com mittee, insisted that this live year program should be chang? ed to a three year program, and in per cent, of this be carried out tliti first year. This bill when reported to the Senate had ovor 200 amendments, ebanging entirely the personnel of the Navy and increasing the oh I is ted strength from 54,000 to ?sV.imk). It contained many oth? er important provisions, provid? ing guns, ammunition und smaller naval craft. After a bard tight on the lloor of the Senate and in conference this bill was passed by the House and Senate and became law. Senator Swanson also had charge in the Senate of the na? val appropriation bill which re? cently passed ami which in? creased the enlisted strength of the Navy from S7,i)u0 to 1114,850, This legislation marked the second step toward the creation of a large Navy. The most cordial relations ex? isted between Senator Tillman and Senator Swanson. They were fully in accord in matters pertaining to the Navy, and Senator Swanson, as ranking Democratic momborof the com? mittee on naval affairs, was al? ways selected by Senator Till? man lo take charge of ihe work of this committee w henever be was ill or unable to give it his attention. Elected Mayor. Attorney VV, .1. Horsloy was elected Mayor of ltig Stone (lap by the town council at its reg ular monthly meeting on Tues day night- of last week, to till the vacancy caused by the re? signation of William II. Nick, les, who is now in the service of his country, having joined the coast artilery and is stationed near Norfolk. Mr. Horsloy hits served as mayor of the town before and is familiar with the duties per? taining thereto, and will, no doubt, make a good executive. The Medical Department, United States A r m y, needs women as reconstruction aids. The office of the Surgeon Gener? al announces: " The work of re? construction aids is divided in to two sections,11) those women who are well trained in massage and the other forms of physio therapy, and (2) those who are trained in simple handcrafts." Foreign service pay i s $60; home service pay $00 per month and quarters allowances Harry M. Smytbe, with his daughter, Mrs. R. B. Klmore, of Cincinnati and her twodaught ers, were the guests of Mr. anil Mrs. Sain Aston lust week. They went from here to Hig Stone (lap, whore they will spend a part of their vacation there. ?Lebanon New?. Fall Gardening When to Plant and What to Plant to Have a Good Fall Garden. Kvory garden in Wise county should be made tu produce not only fresh vegetables fur spring nod vegetables' throughout tho stitiuner, but also an ubuuilance of supplies fur Into fall and win. tor use. To ilo this, it is nocet) Hary to carefully plan tlie Kar? den ho thnt early maturing crops may bo followed by other crops that will give tin- largest amount of food. In tin- garden should bo planted, for foil nud winter use beginning about the middle of -luly, beets, blood turnips, (or early Egyptian), spinach, planted i 11 August, Swiss chard, planted in the lat? ter part of duly to later part of August; scotch kale planted from middle to last of August; late cabbage, early bush beans, cauliflower a?d turnips. Probably, the best method of planting beets, spinach and chard i? to have the land work ed lino and smooth: bo sure to plant these crops not on ridges, as is sometimes the custom, but in furroitodi about an inch deep covered with dirt slightly press? ed down by tin- hoe; in rows 18 inches apart; keep the ground slightly stirred between the rows in order to conserve the toedded moisture for the young growing plants. These crops may follow between rows of vegetables soon to be harvested. This system of doodle planting should be followed in all Harden work for the very heavy pro? duction. Onulillower plants for full heading should lie sei about August IS in the county. These crops may be also planted be? tween the corn tows or where potatoes are soon to be duo;. Turnips, (purple topi will give larger yield if planted in rows lit inches apart and thinned to about inches apart in the row, keeping the ground well work? ed between. A few hills of early maturing cucumbers may bo planted not later than July 20th. Celery .should be set as early us possible, preferably iu a trench about -I to tl inches be low the surface of the ground. This may be planted between corn rows, the stalk boing cut us soon us the ears are pulled. Have a gbod fall garden and have your garden represented in tin exhibit at the County Fair, September I'.i to 21. Ii. 1). Sl/.KU, County Agent. Junior Red Cross Meeting. Ai lo o'clock Thursday morn? ing Miss Blanche Ogle, of the American Ued Cross, will ad? dress the normal students on Junior I ted Cross organization ami work. Miss Ogle is anxious to sue not only the normal stu? dents, but all the teachers of this section who can possibly at? tend this meetillg. Special conferences between Miss Ogle and those interested in Junior Red Cross work will be arranged for Thursday afternoon and evening. Illinois is the center of agri cultural production o f the United States says tho Depart? ment of Agriculture. States of greatest production iu 1917 are: Iowa, $1,330,000,000; Illinois, .}l,'2,'>5,O0i>,i)0O; Texas, $1,045, 000,000; Missouri, 9947,000,000; Ohio, $851,000,000; Nebraska, $771,000,000; Indiana, 760,000,., 000; Kansas, $73f>,000,000; New York, $700,000,000; -Minnesota, $046,000,000; Pen nay I vania, $floT>,?0?,0O0; Oeorgie, $006,000, 000; Wisconsin, ^98,000,000; California, $675,000,000; Michi? gan, $531,000,0(10; Kentucky, $5'.".l.000,000. Annual Meeting of Federated Civic Leagues of Wise County. The annual meeting of the] Federated Oivio Leagues of Wise ??iimly, was held at Wise, Vir? ginia, mi Thursday, June 20th at I in o'clock, a. in. Tin- following programme was rendered : 1st ? Invocation by Kev. Mint/. 2nd?Address of Wcl .?nine hy Mr. .1. .1. Kelly, Super inlcndcnl of Schools, Response by Mrs. II. A. Alexander, lmbo bodeii. Address hy Mr<. (i. K. Heuser, President. Mrs. K, W. Holley, Secretary, read tin- minutes, which were ipprovcd. Mrs. W.W. Kemp, Treasurer, made her report. Amount re? solved 11,1100.00; disbursements (1,112.61 : balance on hand fL'Sli. Iii. Splendid reports wore made by a number of leagues. DeitconuesH Williams,of Dante, made a very interesting address in Welfare Work in the Camp--. Mr. I?. I). Si/.er spoke on the ?subject How Home Cardans Will Help Win the War. One him Ireii and thirty-lour hoy- and iirU are making gardens. Mr. Toakle, of Bhickebtirg, liscusscd Poultry liaising, and food for our hoys. The following resolution was tdoptcd : We the Ladies of WiseCouiity Federated Leagues, pledge ourselves lo raise at least line third more poultry than heretofore, in order to assist in conservation of Pork lor our Al? lies. The following committee was appointed : Mi-. II. A. I.a. ev, Mrs. .1. I.. McCohuick, Mrs. S. T. MeKelvey. Dr. Bowycr -poke on Public Health, w hich was very instrue live. Miss llellellinger spoke t>u Suti'ruge ami the Federal Amendment. Mis- Ktlhtllk ami Mrs. I loll -poke on community singing. Mrs. Mary Marlin, of Norton, spok. Food Conserva? tion. There was it round table dis? cussion a- to the lies! thing each league had dune. Mr. Marly -poke on School Work. It was resolved thai our Fed eration make it its aim to in? crease the school attendance. A motion was made and car? ried that each league hear its proportionate part of the league expenses. A rising vote of thanks was given to the ladies of Wise fur their charming hospitality. The meeting then adjourned, The following holies were in attendance: Dig Stone Hop.?Misses Flora Bruce, Nell Van tiorder, Sarah Coehran, Conivay Howard, Jiiiicf Bailey. Mesdauics Sallio A. Bailey, M.V.Weils, Karl Stociir, J. A. (Himer, J. K. Tuggart, M. A. Cox, W. S. lludgeil,J. II. Ayers, J. Proctor Brown, .1. I.. McCormick, A. D. Owens, Ii. T. Irvine, lt. II. Alsovor, II. M. Henkel. Messrs. F.aslcy, I). D. Si/.er. Appalaclua,?Mesdainos Mar? garet Holl, K. I.. Crizer, It. W. Holley. Misses Emily Jones, Jane Morgan. Coehurn. ? Mesdauics ii. F.. Heuser, C E. Downes, W. A. Banner. Misses Irene A-hworth, A. C. Mosby. Norton. ? Mesdamos II. K. 11 vat I. F. II. Kline, N. K. Baldwin, W. W. Kemp, T. E. Hatcher, Mary S. Martin, T. S. MeKelvey, lt. II. Bruce. Dr. Bowycr, of Stoiiega, Wise.?Mesdtiines J. J. Kelly, Jr., II. A. Ucey, Wade M. Miles, Ewing Lipps,Wade l.ipps, Horton, W. II. Hamilton, Dr. Ilix, Dr. Miles, Mint/. Miss Emma Flunury. Kev. Mr. Mint/. Dante. ? Deacoiiness Williams. Lynchhiirg.?Mrs. J. I). Wat kins. Iniboden.?Mrs. II. A. Alex I under.' Blacksburg. ? Mrs. Treakle, Miss Manu- McColgan. [ MKS. 1.. O. PKiTIT, Oii'in'ii Federated League! - j Select Good Seed Wheat The Losses Caused by Loose1 and Runt Stinking Smut in Wheat Last Year Were Appalling. l>r. F. I). Fromme, plant j pathologist of the State export ment station at Blacksburg, I1 estimates thai tho two smuts | werti responsible for n loss in | Virginia alone of 1,880,000 bush? els anil an extensive survey just completed over the whole State shows Hint those tiguros are correct. The greater part of this loss can be prevented and it is a patriotic duty at tins time to do it. Furthermore, it will mean more money to the wheat growers. In addition to the w heat loss duo to smuts, several limes that amount is lost each year by planting seed damaged in other ways; late seeding, poor seed beds, thin seeding, and improp? erly operated o r inadequate harvesting and threshing equip? ment. Several things need im? mediate attention t o prevent low yields and losses of thou sands of bushels of wheat next harvest. First.?Start now to select wheat for seed from fields that are free from diseases such as smuts and rust The latter dis. ease is much more serious than is generally thought. Seeon 1. Have the threshing OUtfit thoroughly cleaned und dusted before coming on the futm. Often wheat diseases are transferred from one farm to another by itinerant thresh ing machines. Third. ?If in doubt us to seed wheat boing free from smuts and rust, call on your count) ugeut or write to the Kxteiisioh Division at lllacksburg for in? formation. Fourth. ? If seed wheat con? tains no diseased wheat, but small shrivelled grains, fan ami ro-cluau tl until every deformed grain is removed. He cleaning seed will pay big wages for the time spent Fifth.? I'llt and keep the har? vesting and threshing machines iu proper operating condition, otherwise thousands of bushels may he added to the millions already lust from other causes. Sixth; Possibly the cause of the greatest loss in wheat is lute seeding. Seed early but hot too early. All wheat should tie iu the ground iu Virginia by I lie middle of (lolober. Seventh. Labor spent pre paring a good seed bed is well invested mid a large dividend may he expected. Much Inboi is wasted by putting wheat in n poor seed bad. Fighlli.?Machine seeding is far bettor than hand seeding. See that the grain drill is run? ning properly, making no skips and seeding uniformly. BOSCHLE'S SYRUP j Why mo ordinary cough renn..Iii?, when float test's Syrup has boon uaed m successfully fur fifly-twO years In all parts of the United States for cough), bfo'uebitU, eolils settled in the throat, especially lung troubles. It plves tlm patient a gOPH night's rest, tree from coughing;, with easy oxpectoratloo in the morning, ?ivcs nature a clutuce to sooth the liillauied parts, throw oil'the disease, helping the patient to regain Iiis health j Sold by Kelly I >rug IV FOR BALK. ? Guaranteed strictly first class Jersey butter !an l fresh eggs sent direct to i consumer by parcel post. Nice ' friers fed to order of two weeks j notice. Write or telephone Mrs. I Max Blackeinore, Joneaville, Va. Telephone No. 2202, j The Government needs your money; you need the stamps.. Red Cross Notes 'Hie following is taken from tlic Bristol Herald i 'ourier: So much anxiety nml misiin Jorstandihg has becti occasioned by an article in the Literary Di gett of July tit ii in which tin writer pleads with Ihe women of the country not to knit for sol? diers, a< the articles knit hy hand are inferior to those made hy machinery, that Mi-s Kathcr ine Reynolds McCormick, who n in Bristol represeuting the Red Gross Publicity Department and the Home Service as well, -flit a telegram to headquarters. The reply -peaks for itself j '?Washington, D.O., July 8, Ms "Mis- Katherine Reynolds Mc i 'orinick, "Bristol, Tennessee. "Statement n o t accurate. American Red Cross urges con? tinuance of making knitted gar? ment-. About to issue Slate incut to tili- elfecl to correct . wrong impression. Signed i "Divin II. IIc.ow n." Rig Stone (lap Chapter and its branches have been assigned a quota of 1.50 pair of sticks, SO -Heaters, made by the new d! rcctions and to he in Washingtoil by September l-t. ItKI) rltoss IlklllSTBII Week-ending July Itllh. Mi, s Polly, li hrs; Mr*. Ulllkuu. SI hrs; Mis Kelly. II Ins; Miss Mary Ihn?, sry, II Ins. .Mis II. .\. Alexander, s |.fl Ins . Mr?. .1 W, Maikhi, I 1-3 lira; Mr-. K. W. Nickels, 3 l-l Ins; Mrs V, Ken imly, a I ".' lirS! Mr.-. 0 ?'. l.nii|[,A lirs: Mrs". M ll ilrahoi S bra! Mrs nils Mou-er, ill I; Mrs. Ske.ii 81-3 hrs. Miss IjiuIso tloo.lloe.lt a I lirs; Miss Margaret Miller a ll.I Ins; Miss Christine Miller. II3-1 hi-. Mis. Itnth I'rescott, a il.-l lira Miss Winifred MiiIIIiih, I 11 his: Mi-, Klont Urine, I IM lirs. Mis* Sur.ih Wil? liams;'J hrs. Mrs. K 1 I'rescott, fl lirij Mr?. K. V llurgcsa, .V lira; Mrs lt. I.. Ililt. ? lirs. Mrs. J, f Welte, I I--.' lirs; Mrs W. T, (iotMlloil, ?-? hrs. Mrs, I M Taylor, J hrs Mi- w s lleverfy, II -I hrs'. Mrs K. II Mirks. 1 1-3 hrs; .Miss Hi ii. .? Skeen I hr; Mi-s Dorothy Owen? I hr; Mrs Owens, il Iii?. Mrs. i' W. I loan, I In Red Cross Home Service Section. Information furnished a- lo Itllotlllellts, allowance-., el.-., lo Milliters' wives, children or other .lepemleiils, free on application personally or by letter. Com? munication by them on subjects not included in Ihe above lire Invited. Tllis ollice is over the post.,Hie and it will be open during July from I'.' :JIU to II p. m. daily. JAM RS M. HODOK," Chairmun. Missionary Society. The Missionary Society of the M. K. Church, South, met in its regular monthly session with Mrs. I.e. Taylor. Ten members were present. The business ses. sion ei- held by Mr-. Taylor. Very good reports were made by the officers. Mis. Skeon read extracts from ??The Hulletin" which were very interesting. Mrs. Taylor, the president, ask? ed that the members give oloth iug, which they do not need, to be geht to Mr-'. W. IL Speer to be contributed among needy minister's family. Mi-- Bruce r.ad a letter from Mrs. J. W Dobbins baying our district meet? ing will be held at Norton on the IStli inst. It w.t- decided to have an ice cream supper on Wednesday night, July 17th on the porch of the Tptiraihp. to Which nil ate cordially invited. Mrs. J. A. (iihnor led the devo? tional program using as a Bible lesson a sketch of tin- life (it Mary of Bethany. She also read from the Missionary Voice', "tireat Days in Ohungehow," by Rev. John C. Hawk, our mis? sionary to China. Mrs. Skeeii led in prayer. After some dain? ty refreshments we were ad jeurned to meet in Augusi with Mrs. K. W. .Sickles. MRS. ti. c. HONKYOUTT, Supt. Ruh'cy. Pledge yoursolf to savn to the utmost and to buy a definite amount of War Savings Stamps each month.