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The Big Stone Gap Post.
VOL. XXVII, BIG STONE GAP. WISE COUNTY. VA.. WEDNESDAY. AUGUST 20. 1919. No. 34 PROPOSED ROAD TO DOFFIELD Very great anil dPBorvoil in? terest Iiuh been aroused in the three counties of Wise, Scot! ?ml Loo over the proposal of the Voting Men's Club lb pro mull' the building of a good mail from KnBt Stbtio Gap in Wise county down Wild Cat Valley to Dullicld. 'rhi' total distance ia II miles,but live miles of this from Kast Stone (lap to the Wise county line til Wild Cat Summit is already graded. This leaves only nine miles on which original construction will he accessary?live miles of which is in Leo county ami four miles in Scott county. The most obvious advantages to he gained from the construe linn of this road is, of course, ilio shortening of the distance i"r in Big Stone Gap and Ihn Wise county coal held in gen? eral to Bristol. The shortest practicable road at present pro? vided for from Big Stoue Gap to Bristol is by Peuuington Gap and Blick ley yille which makes the total distance eighty four miles. This is the road which is to be completed within the next year under Ihe plans of tin- State Highway (Joinmis lloii with the aid of the Kederal government. By tins road the distance from Big Btone Gap to Bullish] is thirty-live miles, whereas if Hit! road proposed by the Soling Men's Club is built,this distance will he only ?ixteeh miles, or less than half. Plans for establishing speedy jitney service between the Wise county coalfields tied lb is toi are already being discussed, und it is understood that the Bristol wholesale houses are projecting schemes lor a much larger participation in the coal lield business by the use of this road; hut the more immediate ad vantage to be gained from the ? 'instruction of this road will he the establishing of quick communication tie'??eon the coalliolds and the net uuckiiig and orchard sections of cotl ami l.ee, lying about Ihitlield, Patlousville ami Jasper, The farmers of this section are large producers of the very com? modities of which Wise county is such a largo consumer, Kvbii in the present almost impassa? ble condition of the road many fanners of Bee and Scott drive lour horse teams to Big Stone Hup and Appalachia with loads nf fruit, grain anil vegetables lor sale. It takes them three 'lays to make the round trip,but when ibis road is built llioj can readily make tin- trip in one lay. These farmers are very much interested in the proposi? tion and are reported to be ready to do their part in help? ing it along. Several have al? ready expressed a willingness tu make substantial subscrip? tions. A committee of the Voung -Men's Club, consisting among others of B. B. Aisover, W. H. Wren, .lohn W. Chalkley, Ii. K. Taggart, and 1). B. buyers working in collaboration with a similar committee ot the Com? mercial Club of Appalachia, which has also manifested great interest in the scheme, are now at work preparing plans aud discussing ways aud means for Kctting the necessarv funds. The proposal which has met with most favor is to interest n I- = turnpike ooinpanyiu buildingthe road by giving them the privil jcgo of establishing toll nutcs to secure 11 return on tln>ir invest? ment. Considerable local cnpi* jtul could also no doubt be at trnoted to tins plan. It is rcul-j isied that our farmers uro not accustomed to toll gates and may not ink.- very kindly to ,tln> idea at firm, but it is !>.? Ilieved that when they under Stand tliut this in the only way of gelling the roiul, its it may prove to In-, anil also that the company will no doubt I?' bought out by thr state before very long, tiH lias happened in similar cuhcs in the eastern part ol the state, thoy will en? dorse the scheine willingly and I will not object-to paying the tolls for a while. Negotiations are now mi foot with the supervisors of the respective counties und also with several turnpike compa? nies and it is expected that some plan will tie adopted at an early date. The communica? tion between producer anil con? sumer, which this road would establish, is absolutely necessa? ry ami would do a great deal towards lowering the present high prices of food in the coal fields, and would also provide llif fanners of Lee mid Scott with a much better anil readier market than any they have ov er had. It is felt that all the people of this section will en? dorse this road and will help it along in every possible way. Control of Sugar Price Department of Justice Has Plan to Prevent Profiteering, It Believes. Washington, August U.? Through license regulations ami the power of the Kood Ad? ministration to procure cancel lation nf licensee, the Depart? ment of Justice hopes to reach some cases of profiteering in sugar that would be more dif? ficult to reach through enforce? ment of the criminal provisions of the food control act. This position of the depart menl was made plain in a cir? cular sent to Federal District Attorneys, calling attention to the fact that l''ood Administra? tion ollicials had taken the posi? tion Unit sugar should not retail for more than 11 cents a pound, and that, "where it is retailing for more, it indicates that either the. wholesaler or retailer is making an ttnresonable profit.'' When the Senate Agriculture Committee met senators ex? pressed divided opinions as to the necessity for the legis? lation. Amendment of the act so as to enable the 'government to prosecute profiteering in shoes was urged by Senator Ransdell, Democrat, Louisiana. Appropriations totaling nearly $600,000 with which to help carry out the President's suggestions for reducing living costs, were' asked of Congress by the Agriculture Department. Strange as it may nniiiii, na? tional prohibition has been bit? ting it up for some weeks now, and the nation still survives. IS LOCAL COLOR FICTION PASSING? The rlontli of .lohn Pox, .lr.. whose st..ri.-- of (he Appalach? ians revealed the passion ami drama in Ihe rugged lives of our Southern mountaineers, moves a writer in the New York Kvenihg Post to n-k : L?Js the volume und popularity ">t' the local color Action thai gives contemporary social lifo :i record declining?" If such a decline exist-, remarks IIiis writer, it lacks the excuse that the held hits bccu exhausted of material Of interest, because "large areas are still untouched, and the rapid development of American lit*.- renews old Holds us fust as they are worked."' Nevertheless ho notes: that ? "An increasing group of au? thors: whose stories have ileiinito locale might usually have chosen almost iHiy nttior locality us set? ting. William Allen White lavs himself open to the terrible ac? cusation of trying Iii write -the great American novel,' with typi? cal characters; Mr. TarkingtOn place- his -Magnilicenl A in he I son-' and Ihe characters of 'The Turmoil" in Midland cities which inighl almost as Well he Atlantic or Pacific cities; MaryS. Watts' new novel is half of Ihe urban? ized trans-Allegliaiiies and half of New York. If we want the <dd provincial typos and local color we must descend In IcKfl im? portant authors like Joseph bin Coin, of (Jape Cod; l?-x I leach, of Alaska ; Willa Sihcrl father, of Nebraska." "Are the day- when New Kngland studies prairie studies, Southern at tidies, Western stud i?-s. npe red forth, gone hire vor?" he isks. Ami if half convinced thai the answer is itlliriliativC lie g. mi to say : ??It might lie urged that local color lictiou idloiilil decline be? cause tie emphasis of our life lias' passed from localism lo na? tionalism. We are grow ing more lirimogcnioos, The people are being stamped by rapid ooni lliunication ami general educa? tion into more general likeness : ami while in the old days il was proper for lietion to stress the desperate character of .mr com? munities, now it should stress their unity. Mr. Titrkiiigton inn well draw his Indiana city. Mi. White his Kansas town. Mrs. Watts her Ohio community, as what Henry .lames would call the true American 'scene,' a scene that Atlanta, Worcester, St. Paul und Spokane will recog? nize as identical with their own society. This argument has much justice, especially as it rests up? on the clear truth that w hereas a varied rural life was once pre? dominant, now a little varied urban life is SO. Ilocehtly three fourths of mir people were liter? ally 'provincial'; now two thirds live in small or lurge cities that under the skin are quite alike. '?If there are ?provincial' ele? ments within our large cities, they are mainly elements not yet fully American?the negro quarters of the South, the im? migrant communities of the Kasl side. lint this argument will nut bear too heavy a strain. If our provincial inhabitants are less Humorous absolutely. Local peculiarities have a wonderful power of persistence. We need only look at England, with its array of types in a small, popu? lous, closely linked hind?its Wessexes and Druilitochtics. Our vast urea, with its variety of blood-strains ami economic pursuits, must always retain great richness of local peculiari? ty. Our lictiou loses a chief source of variety, and is an im? perfect mirror of our life, if it concentrates on whit! is general to the neglect of what is special." Turning back to .lohn Fox, Jr., and the section of the country to which he dedicated his. pen, we are reminded by the Birming? ham Age Herald that the little known people he portayed in such books as "A .Mountain Eu? ropa," "A Cumberland Vendet? ta," ''The Trail of the hone some L'ine," and "This Little Shoplicard of Kingdom Come," have been called "the purest Anglo-Saxon stock in America." ! He had not published shy book -Hire 1018, when "TllC Heilt ol' the Hills" appeared. In the St. Joseph News-Press we read: ''Nearly all of his stories, inure particularly 'The Little Shepherd of Kingdom Come,' concern Southern mountain folk, among whom he lived for many years. lie died at Ibg Stone thin, in the heart of the HI nil ItidgC Mountains, made famous in his stories. All his work re? flects deop ilfectiou for the peo? ple and the life of the Southern mountains. The people of I he Appalachian Mountains are al? most a race apart. These de? scendants of pioneers of the eighteenth ecntury are located in what has been called the back? yards of -even states. Original? ly hailing from England or Scotland, most of them bad reached this country in its early history and all before the Revo? lution. They were pioneers by nature and pushed westward. Mulling in the Appalachian ranges just the environment which suit? ed tlicnt. There they have re? mained in u state ..f arrested de? velopment until now, save tot recent efforts at modern civilian t ion." Henry Clark Dead. William Henry Clark died in a Richmond hospital on the IUlli in Ins ;ist yeur lie had tin* ilergone an operation as abist chance but proved unable to survive its effects. lie was a well known citizen in this eml of Wise county, having lived on the bead ol Lick Hrnucii of Pigeon Creek since 18,71, He patented about a hundred acres of land from the slate at that date and with his wife went into the wilder; boss and carved out a home? stead on which be lived until a few years ago. He was a man of industry and strict morality. Long before railroads entered this region he purchased im proved fruit trees carry ing them on horseback lo his place and i* believed to be the iirst one in Ibis section to plant Blieb trees. He married Mary Witt, who died in l^'-S and be never re? married. Left alone be reared a large family of children, most of whom survive him, Mrs Henry flay and Klberl Clark,, who lives hero and Harrison Clark who li ves on the old home place, are part of bis family, the others being scattered. I''. M., of 'Turkey Cove und James, of Cracker's Neck, are brothers and Mrs. William Wilt, of Keokee, is a sister. Burial was last Thursday, Au? gust Mill at the family grave yard on the old home place where lie his father, bis wife and the children who preceded him. He was a son of Matt Clark and his mother was a Morns, being a member of the pioneer family of that name who set? tled Wliero the town of Keokee now stands. Seriously Injured in Wreck. A. T. VVolfenbargor, who is employed in the pay roll oflice of the StoiiegU Coke & Coal Company at Exeter, was se? riously injured Saturday morn? ing when a car be was riding in, ran over a steep bank at Im bode.n. The driver, Dewoy Nelson and another passenger, were somewhat injured-, but Wolfenbargei's condition is re garded as critical, being mash' ed internally and it is thought several bones are broken. It will also probably be necessary lo amputate a thumb which is badly mashed. He was taken to the hospital at Stonega for treatment. It is understood that the physicians there en? tertain hopes for bis recovery. It is time, mothers, for you to demand an eight hour day for yourselves. Yon deserve it. High finance is an ancient number these days. Profiteer? ing has backed it off the stage. You Do Your ! Part I Never in the history of the world has there been another war so deadly; so cruel, sn cost? ly us the war through which we have just couie. More than 7,000,00? men wore slaughtered outright. More than 7,000,000 other men wore iiiade cripples for tin* remtiinder Of (heir lives. Twenty-three nations worn in? volved, and on tli<-ui was settled a debt ol about 1100,000,000, iii to. Men have been taxed and are hfing taxed as they have never lieoh taxed liefere. While France increased her laxes It) per cent., I Kllglmid increased her- I.nun 'per cent, and the United Stales increased hers 2,000 per cent. K? riiiugs ami savings have been poured into tliu treasury of tin- United Slates to an amount cx<.ling $0,000,000,000, and the war will have a net deld nil om a.ii ion of $2*2,000,000,000. The total deld will he $it2,0?0, O00,000i of whi.-h flo.nun.mill,, nun ha-- been loaned or authoriz? ed to he loaned lo our allies. Km all these saeriliccs of wealth in coin are small when compared with the -aerilice- of liuiiiuh lives ami human huppi nes- brought on by the conllict. What brought on this war? What brought on must of the war- in the history of the world'.' I he desire of a nation t<> ex? tend its territory, to lake ground from another, to hriug other na? tions under its power. The United States was nnt di? rectly involved in Ihe struggle it the beginning, but inevitably was drawn into it as were 22 other nations from all over the world. .Ill-I as the future of all the nation-, depended on the out? come of the war, so now the fu? ture of the same nations de? pends mi the Itnal outcome of the t'livnmtnt of the League of Nations. With the actual lighting elid? ed men from all nations out to? gether?for what purpnse'.' To wiiie peace terms, to enter into an agreement intended to accomplish Ilia* for which sol? diers fought and died, lo pre? vent fill lire wars".' Is their document a perfect one? It could not be. because it was made by men. The document had In deal with Hi peoples, with all I Iu? ra.-e-. creeds and prejudices of earth, but through il all ran tIn? line central thniight?the pre? vention of future wars. 'I'u be wo/thy of support, the document must be so great, so good, so wisely constructed, so full ..I justice that all its defects can be blazed from the house top- and its merits still stand out sii strong that the peoples of Il."til will grasp it as a means of saving themselves from falling at each other in battle again. We believe the ihicumcllt til he Lilly that good and that good and that strong. There can be no ipiestion that a largo majority?almost every citizen of the United States? wauls to do what is right in the matter. Kvery citizen has a rigid to the strongest arguments that can, be put up on both -ides of the case, ami thee to use his influ? ence as he sees lit w ith his repre? sentatives in tile Senate?for by nur Constitution Ihe Ii mi I accep? tance or rejection of this peace pael that means so much lo the' citizens will not be left to the citizens themselves bill lo their representatives in the Senate. No body of men in tlm world's history ever had a graver duty to perform. 'Ihe future of generations, born ami unborn, is in their hands. It does not seem conceivable 'that tin issue which has cost ho I litany lives, und Which will cost ninny more lives if unwisely sot [tletlj can be st[>t11 by true Ameri? cans on the rock of parUsnhiihip. A year ugo WO wen- lighting nut] struggling ami paying and giving ami sacrificing thai the war might be won : now it i- jn'l a< iinperitivo that we give of our time and thought and influ? ence (hat our Senators may lie brought to a \\i<e decision. The light for freedom, for fu? ture happiness, was being waged in h'landers, in 1,'ieardy, in the Argonue, wherever the soldiers of autocracy : now it must he waged at home, in your own hind, at vom oh II t !apitol. Your duly of citizenship culls to you to become informed lo Hie minutest detail regarding this, the most important docu? ment brought liefere an assemb? ly of men III ages, and to act ac? cordingly .-The Dearbornt Mich.) Independent. Earl Willis Injured. I'', irl Willis, brakemun on the L. iV Nl railroad, was painfully njurcd last Friday afternoon near I lie furnace *\ here ho was Knocked from the top of a box ca>. The train was standing ?-Ii I .it tlm time and while Earl w,,s releasing a set brake it came loose with great foice knocking him to the ground, which bruised Ii I lit about lilt) body considerably. He was brought to his home here,where he is giadnally improving liij* Overland Trip. Mr. ami Mis. .lohn M. T?S loi and daughter. Miss .lailiiiln, and Mrs. W. W. Taylor, hit here Monday tmtrniug on a touring trip in their new Dodge oar for Cooper, Texas, where they will spend a month visit, ing relatives. The trip will bo made through the states of Tennessee and Arkansas, a dis? tance of something over one thousand miles. I hoy will vis? it several points ill the state of Texas, .lack On wood, who is a Iirst class mechanic, was secur? ed to drive tlie car for them. The Monroe Doctrine. 'The Monroe Doctrine was it formal notice served on the na? tions of Europe by the United Slates Ihiil this country would consider as unfriendly any act by the nations of Europe look? ing Inward the acquiring of llldro territory in the Western Hemisphere; that this govern ineni would resent and resist sut 11 an act. T'h it was enough. 'There are those who express a fu.tr that with tho adoption of the League of Nations the Mon? roe Doctrine ? ilt bo abrogated; In tiie Covenant of the League the nations agree not lo do that which our govern? ment asked them hot to do ami which request has been respect eil for 06 years, 'The promise extends ovct the world us well as lo the Western Hemisphere. Hul the Covenant goes fur? ther MS regards the Monroe Doctrine. It specifically pro? vides: '?Nothing in this Covenant shall be doomed to affect the validity of tin- international engagements, B?ch as treaties of arbitration or regional uu derstnndings like the Monroe Doctrine for securing the main? tenance of peace. " Uy the Covenant the Monroe Doctrine is not weakened; it is strengthened. It is given posi? tive recognition by nil of the 10 nations in the League. Drank Iodine. Kreeling, Va., Aligest 11.? 'The two-yenr-old child of Artemas l'hipps, of this town, drank a portion of a vial of iodine, which had been care? lessly left within its reach. Since druukiug the poison the I child has been in a comatose state. No medical aid has been had as yet, the physicians .being out of reach for emergen? cy.