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.6- OP2 TJIG 0 W WW ylLIi a woman ever be 6nllf come a member of the New York - Stock Ex change?" "No! Most E-M- P-H-A-T-I-C-A I-rL-Y no!" says James B. Mabon, president. Profound 6llence overspread the as semblage of captains of finance in the luxuriously appointed library of the Exchange building In Wall street when the Question was put. Grizzled veterans of the financial arena pic tured a handsomely gowned, vivacious woman pulling and tugging In the midst of a couple of hundred perspir ing species of male on a hot summer's morning when panic holds the upper hand. They didn't say it, but their im mobile features seconded Mr. Mabon's resonant "No!" Most of them have wives and daugh ters and sweethearts, and perchance they lacked the courage to blurt out an equally emphatic "Yes!" Women Considered Unfitted. James B. Mabon, president of that great organization, the financial pulse of the United States, was not there to challenge. William C. Van Antworth, an active member of this monetary court, volunteered to plump the query fairly to Mr. Mabon. He did, and Mr. Mabon, without the suggestion of hesi tation, ruled femlnines from the "run ning." Seemingly it was the consensus of opinion . lhat woman Is temperamental ly unfitted for the battle of dollars as It is played in Wall street. The Ex change has never been called to pass officially upon the question. Men who la Vfeathered typhoons where the financial flood was seeking to destroy their fortunes, sweep away their homes an plunge their loved ones in to want, display little sentiment Their silent fat none the less certain ver dict could not be misread : "Woman has no place in tho sorry, bitter and Arinting struggles of Wall street. ' si Sh't' the physical fitness nor the mental characteristics to navigate daily that maelstrom of dollars and gain safe harbor without paying the penalty of mentality wrecked upon the shoals of mercllessness." Yet there jire Exchange members and prominent men and women in al most every walk of commercial life who are championing her claim to fit ness for a seat m 'Change. They are as outspoken in commendation of her executive and financial ability as is Mr. Mabon in his opposition. Woman is represented in almost every walk of commercial and profes sional Jife. She Is at the head of gi gantic industries; she is the confiden tial adviser to men who risk millions daily upon securtles. She is the buffer between men of immense fortunes and great business cares and the general public. Financiers of unquestioned Judgment have been known to ask her advice before fcmsummating deals in volving great sums. But she is barred from the greatest money-changing in stitution in the United States the New York Stock Exchange. Never Has Sought a Seat. The Exchange has never had an ap plication from a woman for member ship. Seemingly, the pit has never ap pealed to those femlnines who have brains and the money with which to purchaser a seat. Women have dealt on 'Change, but they have been con tent to let men fight their battles to permit the broker to execute their orders and collect his commissions. Further than that woman has never attempted to project herself into the Innermost circles of inside finance. But of her most ardent champions, who admit they believe her fitted for the nerve-racking, health-wrecking bat tie of the pit. are George W. Hurty of the firm of Henry Clews & Co., Mrs. Alma Webster Powell, who says "wo men are more fit for Stock Exchange work than men;" Mme. Alice de la Ruelle, government Inspector oMabor In France, who believes there should ibe full equality t sexes, and Mrs. Jacques Futrelle, wife of the author .who lost his life on the Titanic. Mrs. Futrelle's argument as to wo man's qualification Is decidedly the most novel. "Nervousness is Woman's natural state," she says. "She would be quite at home on the floor of the Exchange. She can go Into hysterica one minute and be perfectly recovered and calm the next Can man? No! If a man gives himself up to his nerves he is ill for weeks. . "I do not see why woman should be barred from membership on 'Change just because of her sex. If women suc ceed in getting the ballot they will be citizens with the same right as men. If a woman like Mrs. Hetty Green, for instance, should apply for a seat on the Exchange, it seems to me her ap plication should be acted upon favor ably. Even if she never appeared on ithe floor, she should have the right to own a teat. "I do not like the idea of men hold ing out against women Just because they are women. I believe that a wo man's real mission In life is to be a good wife, a good mother to her chil dren and a good housekeeper, but this does not appeal to all of ray sex. Those who want to be brokers, I say, let them be brokers." Hetty Green Noncommittal. Mrs. Hetty Green, conceded to be one of the cleverest and shrewdest woman financiers in the country and e richest, evinced no great desire to possess a Stock Exchange seat. "I have never seriously considered the question," she said. "I always have received satisfactory treatment from the brokers In Wall street, and I am unwilling at present to state my views onthat question." Now comes Chevalier Hurty with his defense of woman's ability and his ex pressed belief she would prove an as set instead of a hindrance in the hus tling life of Wall street. He says: "As the trend of times points to equality In all things between men and wo men, it is not impossible that when women get the right of ballot and are admitted to full citizenship they may possess seats onJChange. This ques tion has never been considered in Wall street, and it is Impossible to say now what the decision of the mem bership would be should a woman ap ply for a seat "Yet the Exchange Is not antagon istic toward women financiers, and there is no reason to believe it will withhold membership from tnem if In time they become eligible. Our con stitution reads that to become a mem ber cf the Exchange one must be twenty-one years old and a citizen of the United States. There is nothing p our constitution that positively for bids women becoming members. If a woman, upon obtaining full citizenship, should apply for membership. I am Bure her application would be fairly and possibly favorably acted upon by the governing board. "I have known women Who I believe could withstand the strain of handling 100,000 shares of stock m times of panic or boom excitement." "Women Best Adapted." Mr. Hurty's ideas coincide some what with those of Mrs. Alma Webster Powell, a prominent suffragist and educational leader among women. But she goes much further than Mr. Hurty, and says: "I believe that women could stand the nervous strain of Exchange life better than men. "I believe that women should be ad mitted to the membership of the Ex change if they so desire. Women are far better adapted to this sort of work than men. They can stand more nervous strain. They have been stand ing nervous strains for thousands of generations. In their homes ami in the rearing of their children they are al ways under some such strain. It is a well-known fact that men yield more miirklv to nervous strain than women. Women always stand the strain first, then faint afterward. They sometimes are sick for weeks, but they do not yield. "Woman is capable of all work that requires concentration. Trust a wo man to get through. She could handle a million shares of stock If she had to. In time there will be no field of occu pation closed to woman. Even the Stock Exchange will have to throw open its doors to her if she knocks for admission." Mme. Alice de la Ruelle, govern ment inspector of labor In France, who Is now in the United States to study the American woman and her work, Bays: "I believe in absolute equality between man and woman. Why should a woman not belong to the Stock Exchange if she wishes to? France Lets Them Trade. "It Is unfair to say that women could not stand the work. Give them a chance to show what they can do. And, anyway, you cannot Judge all women alike. Some could Btand the fatigue and the strain, while others could not But Is this not the same with men? All men are not alike either. "A woman should not be barred from the Stock Exchange just because she Is a woman. Already in France one woman has been allowed on the floor of the 'corbeill' (the pit) at the bourse (the Stock Exchange). She is not a member of fne Exchange, but she may sell and buy stocks like the men. 'She is a very capable woman and has the respect of all the brokers. "She does not belong to the Ex change because our Exchange Is not run like yours; there are government complications to be met. However, I believe that In time a woman will be able to become a member of the French Exchange if she so desires." So far as genius is concerned, wo man Is rapidly proving her ability to cope with men in financial affairs. The business woman has become an im portant factor in society. A bulletin from, the National Woman's Trade Union League in Chicago says that women are earning their living' .as taxicab drivers, brlckmakers, black smiths and chimney sweepers. 1 ALL EOIIB BIDS II REJECTED FAILURE DUE TO FACT ENTIRE IS SUE NOT BID ON. Regular Democrats in Legislature Assert Filibuster of Fusionisis Is Respon sible for Present Embarrass ing Financial Condition. Nashville. Tennt-ec is in the throea of di'stpair over its debt of oliven mil lion dollars and more. Twice bids for the bonds have lieen advertised for and opem-d, but each time they were not sat ijfaetory. May 21, the lirst bids were ojened. Otfers for about nine million dol lars were made, but at such a price the funding board rejected them. Lat Tuesday the second bids were opened. Only tiiree bids were received. The first bid opened was from the Hank of Amer ica, New York City, whose bid was for 1,000 bonds at $374.30, July delivery, and 440 bonds at $874.50, October de livery. The bid of the Volunteer State Insurance Company of Chattanooga was for 140 bonds at $900, a total of $120, 0U0. The First National Bank of Debay, Ind., was for 15 bonds at par. As there was no bid for the entire amount the suggestion was made that without considering the master in secret session all bids be declared otf, but as. one or two members expressed a desire to discuss the matter it was resolved to go into executive session for that pur pose. This leaves the whole matter up in the air, with the bulk of the debt due in less than two weeks. The proposed issue is of 40-year four per cent bondnf and was authorized to fund the entire state debt, which falls due this year about $9,900,000 about July 1 and about $1,600,000 October 1. An issue of short-term notes to take care of the old bonds till the money market improves has been proposed but this requires further legislative action. Bids were first opened on the bonds June 2, but were rejected as being too low. ' PROTEST CONDITIONS OF GIFT. Bishop Hoss Beads Move in the Vander- "bilt Controversy. Nashville. Bishop E. E. Hoss is in the city, having eofhe to Nashville from his home in Muskogee, Okla., to attend a meeting of the college of bishops, to take action in the matter of the protest being entered, by four of the members of the board of trust of Vanderbilt University in regard to accepting the $1,000,000 gift RECALLS DAYS UT JAUKV? Aft Andrew Carnegie to the institution, ' ' r 3r Hartford, Conn, Woman Ha "J any "Handbill" of the 1 BZo f dential Campaign. Diotest was made by representa- s of.'jhe" church, and was made on ae- of the conditions with wliicn tne . . i was made. II is unumwmi wm V i' e W. , 4V.a nrnviiinn tot tllft - - v . I i C . T f 1 N I Wn U. 1.1JO " , One of the "coffin Handbills," !ireXation for a senarte governing board in tho first en p ifi j- vf A; in mpiliral department. son for the presidency or tne unites - - -. . . t. BUhop Hoss rPWM.Bc V.". States, in 1827. is In possession of Mrs W H. Hoffman of Washington street says a Hartford (Conn.) dispatch. She found it in the papers of her ratner the late Cicero Phelps, who died at Poauonock in 1858. The bill in all seriousness questions the fitness of General Jackson for the presidency and when it is remembered that "Old Hockory" was twice elected president after the appearance of this bill its potency as a campaign literature is shown to have been not very damag ing to the candidate. It Dicks out the date. January 22, 1815, as the date of honors being show ered upon the hero of New Orleans, and also the late of the order of exe cution of Jacob Webb, David Morrow, John Harris, Henry Lewis, David Hunt and Edward Lindsey, six militiamen, who were condemned to die by court martial, and the order signed by Gen eral Jackson. There is also reference to one John Woods, a soldier, who was tried for in Hiihnrrlination. convicted and con demned to die by court martial. Gen eral Jackson saying that he would not pardon the man if the court-martial condemned him, but he actually did offer to pardon the man If he would enlist in the regular army. A signed statement of Thomas Hart Benton, lieutenant colonel of the Thirty-ninth infantry and a member of the United States senate in 1818, tells of the affray In which he, his brother, Jesse Itenton afterward a congress man, and the father of Gen. John C. Fremont's wife and General Jackson were implicated on September 4, 1818. There were pistols and kriives in that affair, which happened "in the town of Nashville." The campaign bill carries a heavy black border and is embellished at decorative points with a dozen or more silhouettes of black coffins. Jackson's treatment of the warring In dians Is also the subject of an article. Those were strenuous days in the blue grass state and the southwest, but the opponents of General Jackson sought to make him out as unusually blood thirsty. "Monte Crlsto't Cell." Steamboat excursions run from Marseilles out to Isle d"If, where gap ing tourists are shown the Chateau d'lf and Monte Cristo's cell, with aa much impresslveness as if he had really existed. It Is a wonderful tribute to the realism of Dumas. They even show you the place where Monte Cristo's body struck the water. It Is still wet. Monte Cristo is much more of a reality than Mirabeau. who ac tually was Imprisoned there. From "Three Weeks in France," by John U. HIgginbotham. :,! tuf uwn th Tiiiblic understood the BHHl M.wi' " ... i full' significance of the situation with regard to the conditions governing the Carnegie gift, the church wouiu tie win ing to stand by their opinion. He sail the college of bishops would take no ac t.ion in the matter until they had given the subject dve consideration and had. the hnnpfit of the best lesral advice. Bishop Hoss said that the question had been raised as to whether the Carnegie gift would have any effect on the Vander bilt case between the church and the board of trus and that it was his opin ion that it would not. The members of the board of trust who entered the protest, Bioasp Hoss said, were: Dr. E. E. Chapell, .Nashville; Maj. William Millsaps, Jackson, Miss.; John R. Pepper, Memphis, and William E. Young, Danville. Farming Demonstrated. Humboldt. Scores of farmers attended the field demonstration held out in the open field on the farm of J. R. Nethery, five miles west of Humboldt, under the supervision of State Manager II. D. Tate, District Superintendent H. S. Nichols and Special County Agent H. L. Herrington in the co-operative demonstration work of the department of agriculture. A splendid demonstration was given on the method of plowing and cultivating the crops, and great interest was manifested on the part of the farmers. Planters Optimistic. Clarksville. -The Planters' Protective Association met in the criminal court room of the court house. A good ijized crowd attended. The reports from the different districts were all very favorable, onH iudtrincr from them there seems to De about two-thirds of a crop set and living. It was reported that some fancy prices have been received and the farmers seem perfectly satisfied with the prices pre vailing this year. Wlinnt. is in cood shape and corn is doing fine, but has been set back by tho cool weather. Negro Doctors Meet. Columbia. The negro doctors of Ten nessee held their ninth annual meeting here, the opening session being featured by a strong address of Dr. A. N. Kit trellc, of Memphis, president of the negro etatc convention. He admonished the colored physicians to teach the law of health to the negro people and recom mended that the state asosaiation keep n permanent record of all deaths and births among nogroea hi Tenncsse, together with tho cause of death. ' Benton Banking Company BENTON, TENN. Capital Stock $25,000 Surplus $5,000 A Designated State Depository J. G. NORTON, President A. J. WILLIAMS, Vice President J. D. CLEMMER, Cashier H. W. KcCLARY, Asst. CasMer BACKED BY REAL ESTATE WORTH OVER $500,000 00. DIRECTORS. J. G. Norton, W. F. Scarborough, T. L. Lowery. C. W. Gamble, A. J. Williams, R. W. Clemmer, B. B. C. Witt, J. L. Taylor, F. T. Harrison. We pay 3 per cent on three-month and 4 per cent, on six-month timi deposits. - Cleveland National Bank, Cleveland, Tonn- gUKPLUS ANt PROFITS........ . JJJSS STOCKHOLDERS' LIABILITY.- ... J- VOTAL RESPONSIBILITY ... .0W . , OFFICERS - ... w P mng, AotiT Vice Tr3A X Johnston. Present P; INTEREST PA,0 ON SPECIAL DEPOSITS. ACCOUNTS INV1TEB SPECIAL ATTENTION TO OUR MAIL DEPARTMENT. , DONXPUT IT OFF; IM THE NEW YORK LIFE INSURANCE CO. KE-SS-EXISS- VSSt SSTwh. SSS& R.cV THE PROFITS OF THE COMPANY. FOLiO.M ,0 F OF TtL 1tI,CT,ON. AND CONO.T.ON.. AND .CO TESTABLE PROM DATE OP ISSUE. ADDRESS. T. S. M.K.NNEY. SP.-U. A8. Em" KNOXVILLE, TENNESSEE. FOR FIRST-CLASS LIVERY -GO TO- JASPER GEWT BOOD HORSES, PINE CARRIAGES, A R E P U L D P I I Jf I R A LOW RATES. WHEN YOU HAVE ANY RIDINO OR DRIVING TO CALL ON HIM. DUCKTOWN. TENNESSEE. THE SAFEST AND QUICKEST WAY TO TRANSFER RliOWEV Long Distance Telephone FOR RATES APPLT TO LOCAL MANAGER Cumberland Telephone & Telegraph Company,. INCORPORATED. m. l. eox, MANUFACTURER AND DEALER IN ionuments & Tombstones B. B. C. WITT, Attorney at Law PRACTICES IN ALL THE COURT f THE PROGRESSIVE MAN Is the one who makes it his business to advertise his business thoroughly. Now is your opportunity and this paper the medi um through which you can talk your wants.