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LI IN .fcje' ' i - s s f , I, .1 inin i irrr . V L N f h i "v J iiniriiniff-mrr-T " f ii ' " 1-11 ir agm' hi -- -r-Bnt V ll. ' - V ' N 1 - ' &' V 4 vmi:mv, Jin as f) ? ' oi I bnAft1tiniMMMS"v. .B. K T . -K t fvl fhio Btat ' u.ilMii. INCE negotiations have already ' been opened by the management oi me Panama exposition and commonwealth of California with the city of Philadel phia to obtain the Liberty Bell as one of the exhibits for that occasion, and since it seems" that the crack in the bell is extending, a definite settlement nf thn Question as to whether the relic should be permitted to travel any more appears to be about due, and just now, when the anniversary of the nation's independence Is upon us, is a rea sonable time for discussion of the matter. Wilfred Jordan, curator of the Independence Hall Museum, measured the second crack before the bell's last Journey and then measured it again after its return. He found that it had increased In length to a slight degree. No one knows just when this second crack occurred, and opinions differ; but compared to the old crack It Is of recent origin and is dis tinctly visible. Mr. Jordan, however, was the first to call attention to a long and almost invisible extension of the second crack and finds that it now reaches one-third way around the bell, from the end of the old- original fracture, which was chiseled out in 1846 in an attempt to make the bell sound properly. Putting an end to the bell's pilgrimages would In no sense at all be due to a disinclination of the people or councils of Philadelphia to allow the west to view and possess the sacred relic even for a short time. Indeed Philadelphia would be only too glad to send It, for since the bell has. already helped by its travels to lessen the sec tional feelings between the north and south, so It would help unite the citizens of our republic who live on the Atlantic seaboard with those who live on the Pacific. Little do either sections realize how intimately the bell is connected with the consummation of our nation, early political Ideals and with the fondest of its Impulses in Colonial days. This old bronze relic not only helped to proclaim Inde pendence, but for years before 1776 rang loud to celebrate the hopes of the people and rang low to intone their woes! Upon its sides is this inscription: "And proclaim liberty throughout all the land unto all the inhabitants thereof." Lev. 25, 10. A strange Providence indeed wrote that inscription on its crown many years before its throbbing clangors and melodious eloquence had aught at all to do with liberty! Announcing proclamations of war and treaties of peace; welcoming the arrival and bidding God speed to departing notables; proclaiming some accession of the English royal family to the throne and the secession therefrom of the Ameri can colonies! Its more customary use, however, wgs to call the members of the assembly of Pcnn eylvnnia together at the morning and afternoon sessions find to announce the opening of the courts. Despite the fact that the Liberty Bell is one of the most treasured of national relics, it is not originally an American product, but a foreign im portation! and imported from England, too, where It was first cast according to the order given in October, 1751, by the superintendents of the state house of the Province of Pennsylvania now Inde-' pendence Hall. Thomas Lester of White Chapel, London, cast the bell, and by August. 1752. it arrived in Phila delphia and was erected on trusses in the state house yard. While being tolled and tested early in September of the same year it was cracked by the clapper, though by no unusually powerful stroke. Concerning this accident, Isaac Morris wrote, March 10, 1753: "Though the news of our new bell cracking is not very agreeable to us, we concluded to send it back by Captain Budden, who had brought It from London last August, but he could not take It on board, upon which two ingenious workmen under took to cast it here, and I am just now informed they have this day opened the mould and have got a good bell, which, I confess, pleases me very much, that we should first venture upon and suc ceed in the greatest bell cast, for aught I know, in English America. The mould was finished in a very masterly manner, and the letters, I am told, are better than (on) the old one. When we broke up the metal our judges here generally agreed it was too high and brittle, and cast sev eral little bells out of it to try the sound and strength, and fixed upon a mixture of an ounce and a half of copper to the pound of the old bell, and In this proportion we now have It." Herman Pass, from the Island ,of Malta, and Jacob Stow, a son of Charles Stow, the doorkeep er of the assembly, were the two ingenious work men referred to in the above letter. After the second casting of the bell It was again hung and tested In the spring of 1753. More defects were soon found, however. The American casters, Pass and Stow, who were not bell founders by trade at all, had put too much copper in the metal so that its sound was impaired. Disappointed with that failure and also nettled at the gibes of their townsmen concerning It, they asked permis sion to cast tho boll a second time. Thomas Les ter, the original maker of it, also offered his services, but the authorities decided to allow Pass and Stow to proceed again, and thus the third and present casting was made, and again the bell was raised; this time in the state house steeple itself. That operation was completed by the end of AuguBt of 1753, when the American casters were paid G0 13s. 5d. for their labors. Then began its chimes, August 27, 1753, when it called the assembly together, ringing out the old, ringing in the new; sounding its melodies for innumerable public and private events during more than four-score of years. The first individual for whom It rang was Frank lin; sent "homo to England" to ask redress for the grievances of the colonies in February, 1757. The bell echoed the hopes of the people's hearts and its melodious "Bon Voyage" sounded over the Delaware as he sailed away. When the Dlanine and BDlitting mills were closed and the manufacture of iron and steel prod ucts was prohibited by acts of parliament in Pennsylvania and the king's arrow was affixed upon pine trees and the trade of the colonies in all parts of the world restrained, the bell was again tolled to assemble the people in the state house yard to protest against such outrages. Thus did the bell, long before the Revolution, become the beloved symbol of truth and freedom, reinforcing with pugnacious and violent peals, the cry of determined citizens, in the largest political meeting held up to that time In the state house yard, that none of the ship "Polly's detestable tea." that had just been brought into the port, should be tunneled down their throats with par liament duty mixed with it." When the port of Boston was closed in May, 1774, and the heart of the country was growing heavier with its affliction, the bell was once more carefully 'muffled and tolled in a solemn and pro phetic manner, both to announce tho closing of the port and, a little later, to call a meeting to relieve suffering in Boston on account of the restriction of its trade. As the conflict with England approached the bell was rung more and more; its use became a matter of course, and then, on April 25, 1775, just after the reports came to Philadelphia of the Battle of Lexington, it rang wildly to assemble 8,000 people in the state house yard and to in spire their souls to a resolution pledging their all to the cause of liberty. It rang also to assemble the Continental con gress to its daily sessions, both at Carpenter's hall and Independence hall, and, finally, its crown ing achievement, the one wild, defiant and joyful ringing that, more than all the previous reverbera tions it made, gave it the sacred name of "The Liberty Bell," occurred on July 8 (and not the 4th, as is generally believed), after tho Declara tion of Independence had been adopted. This greatest of its Jubilees called the citizens together In the yard to hear read in the stentorian tones if John Nixon the first public proclamation of the 'jclaration, and never did the old wooden ' the state house steeple rock ana irem More sympathetic vibration than at this rafters ble wU. time. ' , , . When returned to the old state house steeple again one of its first uses was to ring upon the announcement of the surrender of Lord Cornwal lis, in October, 1781, and in the following month to toll in welcoming Washington to the city. A year and a half later it helped to proclaim the treaty of peace with Great Britain, and in Decem ber, 1799, it was muffled for the first time in many years, though not to mourn for lost liberty or over tyrannical deeds, but to lend Its almost hushed mubic to the funeral solemnities of Wash ington himself. ROGERS CHOSEN AS HOLDER Football Warrior Chosen to Ltad Chippewa Nation In Fight for $15,COC,OCO- St Paul. Minn More than a cen tury has elapsed since the Chippewa tribe has been recognized as a nation. More than seventy-five years had elapsed on May 6. 1913. since all the Chippewa tribe of Minnesota met in one general council. Indiana who were present during the general coun cil which began in Cass Lake on May 6. 1313. all seemed pleased to think that after many yeara they had finally arrived at a point where the entire Mlnnestota tribe would have one or ganization through which it would find what It wanted and, having found out, speak aa one man. It was easy for them to see that a man of their own who had matched hts wits politically against the white man's best and received from the Mr. Rogers as a Football Star. white men the verdict that they rec ognized him as of at least their equal in legal ability was their natural choice for leader. Edward L. Rogers, at present coun ty attorney of Cass county, Minnesota, physicially a giant and the superior of most white men, as has been demon strated by his feats in the Carlisle and Minnesota university football teams, was selected unanimously. The council had as spectators many men who have been more or less prominent politically, for Cass Lake has many of them. There was not a man among them who did not concede that Rogers in the chair did splendid work in cementing the Chippewas in to one body. There are approximate ly 10,000 Chippewas in Minnesota, and if they get all that is coming to them of right every man, woman and child of them will be worth approximately $2,500. , It is no small task that has been set for Rogers. The total of claims that he will have to start on their way to adjudication Is more than $15,000,000. MUTE GIRL RESUMES TALKING Peculiar Case of Hysteria Brought on by Overstudy at a Summer School. St. Louis. Irene Burnes, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. James C. Burnes of Hlllyard, who for the last seven and a half months has been confined at the Sacred Heart hospital on account of a most serious and peculiar case of hysteria, which bafHed local physi cians for several months on account of her refusal to talk, is improving. In about a month she will be able to leave the hospital, at which time she will be taken for a visit to Lewie ton, 111. Miss Burnes was at her home for a few hours recently, the first time since October 2, when she was taken to the hospital. Although she has not entire ly recovered her power of speech, she will at times, especially in the morn ings when rested, talk for a little while. She understands all said to her, but under no condition can sh9 talk unless she be thoroughly rested. Miss Bailey, her nurse, takes her for a walk each day. Miss Burnes since March has been under the care of Dr. W. T. Phy. The illness was brought on last summer as the reeult of overstudy at a summer school and following the excitement of the final examination. WOMAN RIDES ON PORPOISE Miss Violet Nathan of Minneapolis. Has Startling Experience While Bathing on Coast. Venice, Cal. A ride on the back of a huge playful porpoise caused Miss Violet Nathan of Minneapolis to have hysterics while in bathing. While a large number of bathers were enjoying the surf near Maier Pier avenue a school of porpoises sud denly appeared and began to frolic with the bathers. All except Miss Nathan fled to the beach. When she observed the monsters she started to flee, but a big porpoise, In a playful mood, swam up and rubbed against the young woman. She screamed and jumped. The porpoise then swam directly under Miss Nathan and she was car ried several feet astride of the crea ture's back. She called loud!y for help, fainted and fell off. ' David Moreno, a life guard, rescued Miss' Nathan and she was revived. 13 IT RIGHT TO ADVERTISE COCA COLA? Ilea ho play the wily same of poli tics have discovered thai the Dvst way to diotratt the attention oi the public frcm thttr on shortcomings is to nuke a loud-mouthefa acnsauonal at tack upon someont else As the cuttle-fish eludes its pursuer by clouding the surrounding water with the con tents of its ink sac, so the political ad venturer takes advantage of the igno rance and prejudices of the people to escape from his indefensible position by muddying the waters cf public opinion. A tase in point is the recent attack made upon the religious press for carrying Coca Cola advertising. Thia attack was made by a politician who was supposed to be an expert in chem istry but who, having brought a suit -gainst the Coca-Cola Company, was humiliated by having to acknowledge that he could not qualify as an expert. The court decided in favor of the Coca Cola Company as it was clearly shown that the only essential difference be tween Coca-Cola and coffee or tea is that the former contains only about half as much caffeine as the latter and that the flavor is different. The question as to whether it is right to advertise Coca-Cola seems to resolve itself therefore into the quest ion as to whether it is right to advertise coffee, tea, chocolate, coroa and other bever ages cf the caffdine group. Adv. Oddest of Jails. One of (he oddest of jaiis is that at Ciifftcn, Graham county, Ariz., which lios in one of the copper mining cen ter of the new state. This jail com Trises four large apartments hewn in the side of a hill of solid quartz rock. The entrance is situated in a boxlike vestibule built of heavy masonry and the gates have three sets of steel bars At intervals in the rocky walls holes to serve as windows have been blast ed and in these apertures a series of massive bars of steel has been fitted firmly in the rock. The floor of this rockbound jail is of cement. The prisoners are confined wholly in the larger apartments. In certain places the wall of quartz about the jail is no less than fifteeen feet in thickness. So solid and heavy are the barriers to this institution that no prisoner has ever attempted escape. Harper's Weekly. No. SIX-SIXTY-SIX This is a prescription prepared es pecially for Malaria or Chill and Fever. Five or six doses will break any case, and if taken then as a tonic the fever will not return. 25c. Adv. The people who complain that life isn't worth living are the very ones who do nothing to make it so. DOES YOUR HEAD ACHKf Try Hick' CAPUDINE. If lUUld plea, ant to take iITect Immediate (rood to prerenl Blok Headaches and Nervous Headaches alo. Your money back tf not satisfied. 10c., 25c. and BUc. at medicine stores. Adr. Don't noke fun at a girl. 1. .-;-thi thing you know she will get evii by marrying you. The Bent Ho Weather Tonln GROVE'S TASTELESS chill TONIC enriches the blood and builds up the whole system, and It will wonderfully strengthen and for tify you to withstand the depressing effect of tha hot summer. 60c. Some fellows would rather borrow an umbrella than lay one by for a rainy day. To Cure Tender and Receding Gums Apply the wonderful, old reliable DR. POR TER'S ANTISEPTIC HEALING OIL. 25c. 60C, 11.00. Virtue is its own reward, but even an angei may blow his own horn. Feed the average woman on flattery and she will get positively fat. When a man gets full he is apt to use a lot of empty words. AILING WOB OF MIDDLE AGE Mrs. HHbert Tells of Her DI tressing Symptoms During Change of Life and How She Found Relief. t !- Fleetwood. Pa, "Duringthe Change of Life I was hardly able to be around at alL I always had a headache and I was so dizzy and ner vous that I had no rest at night That flashes of heat werd so bad sometimes that I did not know1 what to do. "One day a friend advised me to take Lydia E. Pinkham'a Vegetable Com pound and it made me a strong well wo man. I am very thankful that I fol lowed my friend's advice and I shall . recommend it as long as I live. Before I took the Compound I was always sickly and now I have not had medicine from a doctor for years. You may pub lish my letter." Mrs. Edward B. IId BERT, Fleetwood, Pa, Such warning symptoms as sense o suffocation, hot flashes, headaches, back aches, dread of impending evil, timidity, sounds in the ears, palpitation of tha heart, sparks before the eyes, irregu larities, constipation, variable appetite, weakness and inquietude, and dizziness, are promptly heeded by intelligent w& men who are approaching the period la life when womun's great change may be expected. Ly.ie E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com pound invigorates and strengthens tha female organism and builds op the weak ened nervous system. It has carried! many women safely through this cjiula.