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POLK COUNTY NEWS-GAZETTE. BENTON. TENNESSEE.
BUS USED 111 OF FORESTS -Great Progress Has Been Made in the Work Organized Plans Obtain in the National Reserves, While the States of the Union Have Systematized Method of Preserving Their Forests From This Scourge. Washington. The first measure nec essary for the successful practice of forestry is protection from forest fires. As long as there is any considerable risk from fire, forest owners have lit tle incentive to make provision for natural reproduction, to plant trees, to make improvement cuttings, or to io their work looking to continued forest production. In many localities great progress lias lately beon made In forest pro- Location of Fire Lines in the Angeles National Forest, California. tectlon. Organized fire protection has (been established in the national for ests and in most of the state forest reservations. A number of ' states have begun to develop systematic fire protection on private lands through the organization of estate fire war y dens. In some instances private own fl era have formed co-operative associa- jtionsi for fire protection and employ a ular force of rangers for patrol Paring the fire season. The most con O(.ljicuous and successful associations 't- those formed by certain lumber ' MrB.nanies in Idaho and Washington. keen"iOugbout the country there are $ ;e and there instances of serious Je&rt toward thorough fire protection individual private owners. In spite Pf all that has been done, however, the fact remains that most of the for ' ests of the country, particularly those privately owned, are inadequately pro jected from fire. It is probable that in fully 75 per cent, of the private l 41 I toM Hollow Tree, the Result of Fires. forests there is no attempt whatever at systematic protection. Reproduction In the forests of thi3 country has been more influenced by fire than by any other one factor. The present composition, form, den sity, and yield of a great many stands are due to the influence of fires on reproduction. Repeated fires prevent reproduction by destroying the seed and killing the seedlings. This is well illustrated in certain areas of the south, where long leaf pine Is not reproducing itself not .because there is a lack of seed or be cause the conditions for germination are unfavorable, but because the an nual fires kill the young trees. Fires may influence reproduction through their effect on the soil and J 1 w I " Range-Finder Signal Tower No. 2, on the Arkansas National Forest the soil cover. Frequently after fires the ground Is occupied by heavy brush or by grass, which impedes or in some cases ' prevents the reproduction of valuable trees. Many of the grass parks in the wontern mountains aro the result of fire. A grasB vegetation has replaced the forest. The running wild of burned areas to a heavy growth of brush is a common occur rence alter fires Id inany of our east- ! s II THE PROTECTION OF U. S. F ern forests, as, for example, in Penn sylvania. In some sections of the country forest fires have always been of such common occurrence that there is a popular notion that they can not be prevented. The risk from fires can never be entirely eliminated, for in the forest there is always Inflamma ble material which is very easily ig nited. They may, however, be largely prevented, and under efficient organi zation their damage may be kept down to a very small amount. Broadly speaking, a fire line is a cleared strip in the forest used as an aid in the protection from fire. It may be a road, a trail, a river or stream, a line cleared especially for a fire break, or a plowed furrow. The purpose of fire lines is to check or stop fires and to facilitate fighting them. A small surface fire, may be stopped entirely by a road or even a path. Some surface fires are easily checked in their progress by narrow fire lines; others can be stopped only by very wide lines. Crown fires and Fungus Attacking TreeThrough Fire Scars. surface fires of unusual severity will readily leap across even very wide fire lines. Fire lines, therefore, should not be built with the idea that they will always stop fires. They are intended to serve primarily as an aid, and often 'are an indispensable aid, in controll ing fires and preventing their spread. Even when they do not actually stop or check a fire they serve as vantage points from which the fighting crew may work. Their establishment usual ly makes the woods accessible, so that a crew can get to a fire or near it quickly with appliances for fighting it. An ordinary dirt road ranks as one of the best of all fire lines. The wid er the road the more effective it is. A forest well cut up with roads Is, there fore, much more easily protected than one with few or no roads. In Europe every well-organized forest has a thor oughly planned network of roads. These are located primarily with ref erence to the problem of logging, but they serve also as a network of firo lines, and special lines are cleared to supplement them where necessary. Fire Line Cleared Near Railway. Every part 'of the forest Is readily accessible not only for patroling for fire during the danger season, but for the quick transportation of fire-fighting appliances. In case a fire should start in this forest and be discovered within a reasonable time it would be easy to confine it to a small area. We can not expect to have such a well-organized system of roads and fire lines in our forests for a' long SPEEDIEST WATER This watermoblle. the creation of seen breaking all world's records, going Rom FIRES lAP'h I -J r'f 1 ,ammi'- ifi1.,., I :' iiHI n mil i ussh in Mti n iiiTli in tkt,M time, but muvu -caa be tiou In ta way of utilizing the more or less tem porary roads that are used la logging and afterwards abandoned. One of the great diaicultles in ex tensive forest districts Is to securo the necessary help in fighting flrea. The telephone Is the greatest aid In fire patrol. It enables the man who discover a fire to call for hlp and to give directions as to the number of men and the equipment needed. By the use of the telephone on the na tional forests millions of dollars have doubtless already been saved. The forest service has since 1906 bull: 4,850 miles of telephone line, and It is extending the lines as rapidly as con eress furnishes the funds for the work. MAN DIGS FOR $85,000 CACHE Hid the Gold in Dutch Oven in 1833, but Fire Destroyed the Landmarks. Kellogg, Idaho. Edward Cornelius, an old resident of Murray, has been working on the Kellogg sewer, appar ently for $3 a day, but in reality, he says, he has been working to locate $85,000 which he buried in a Dutcn oVen, and which he has new been able to find. In 1S83 he and his partner left Mon tana for the new gold country around Murray. They loaded their packhorses, he says, with $85,000 in gold, all in $20 gold pieces, planning to use this money to buy up all available placer country, which was reported to be unusually rich. They came down the Prospect Creek, trail and over the Mullan road, dowj to what is now Kellogg. They there heard that the country for which they were headed was not as rich as first reported, and as th9 country was full of gold hunters and was wild and rough, they decided to cache their gold, Cornelius says, and go into the Murray country to investi gate before making any bargains to buy the placer ground. The gold was hidden in the flat which extends from the Kellogg depot to the Bunker Hill and Sullivan mills, it is asserted, and the gold hunters marked the spot by blazing a fir tree and two pine trees, burying the gold in a Dutch oven In the center of this triangle. Cornelius and his partner remained in the Murray country for a year, and on their return to dig up their monej and quit the country they found a fire had swept the district and eliminated every landmark. The pair searched for days and finally gave it up. On several occasions Cornelius has returned and made a hunt without re sult It was when he learned that the sewer' excavation would extend through the ground in which he buried his money 30 years ago thai he came to Kelloee. took ud ftis I Plc nd shovel, and keW work along t' and CornelS""", "en.. The 1. hi ui i ajr w ilia ru ay . yjQ treasure. TiT MARRIED ETHEL SMITH Tells Parents Sacrifice of Billy and Former Romance Are Forgotten. Rugh Chicago. Miss Ethel Smith of Gary, Ind., for whom Billy Rugh, a crippled newsboy, who was not acquainted with her, gave up his life, is the prin cipal figure in a new romance. She eloped to Chicago with Leon M. Cline, a clerk in a cigar store in Gary. They obtained a license and were married by a justice of the peace. This ro mance marked the close of another one which was in full bloom when the explosion of a gasoline tank on a motorcycle owned by Ray Robert burned her body so severely that her life was despaired of for some time. She was saved only by extensive'graft ing of skin taken from the amputated crippled leg of Billy Rugh, who died soon afterward of pneumonia and the shock of the operation. Her marriage did not please her parents when she told them. She came out of a hos pital only Christmas day after a sec ond operation. Her explanation is that the accident, the tragedy of Billy and Robert are to be of the past and forgotten. Fined for Crying "Fh-e" In Church. River Falls, Wis. Two young men, who pleaded guilty to trying to start a panic by crying "fire" in a well filled church, got away with a $30 fine. CRAFT IN WORLD Count de Iimbert of Paris, Is hcr at a rate of 3114 miles an hour. lEBO'SIIEED Larger Territory and More Peo ple It Wants Money. Minister of Foreign Affair Piamenatz Is Visiting Certain European Cap itals to Negotiate a Loan for His Government. Paris. M. Plamenau, the Montene grin minister of foreign affairs, who as charge d'aCfairs at Constantinople in October, 1912. did more than any one else to precipitate the war of the allies against Turkey, is now visiting certain European capitals to negotiate a loan for his government. Here and In London he is said to have met with pronounced success. He is also very hopeful of Rome to make up any bal ance that may be desired. Although the feats of arms per formed by the Monteuengrin army were not so conspicuous pa those of the other allies, yet this army pre vented the Turks in the northwest from cutting off the Servians and Greeks and lost about one-third of its total of 35,000 by so doing. The ter rible significance of this mortality is realized when it is remembered that before the war the entire population of Montenegro numbered about 250,- 000. Now, of course, things are differ ent. The population has doubled ow ing to the rearrangement under which certain territories have been brought within King Nicholas' dominions. These include a great part of the Sanjak of Nov! Bazar and the whole of the Sanjaks of Ipek and Jokova. This has had the effect of doubling the population, making It about 500,' 000, while at the same time it has added materially to the strength of the country. In speaking of his mission, M. Piamenatz says: "For five centuries we Montenegrins have fought for Christian liberation, and now, so far as Europe is oon cerned, we see our task accomplished It has not been accomplished, how' ever without considerable sacrifices I have already spoken about our losses in men. Our losses in money arj in valuables of all sorts have a'Wbeen very great. If we had not ill ceiiaui niMiaiicea tuuiu jievei have managed. Fortunately the pa trlotic spirit of the people was such (TWI, its t "X Montenegrin Woman and Child. that there was no unwillingness to give for the common good. But for all that we incurred an expenditure on the war of 50,000,000 to 60,000,000 francs ($10,000,000 to $12,000,000), which, considering that our budget in ordinary times is no more than about $900,000, is very large. "Our national existence being uww secure, W'e have entered on what I firmly believe to be an era of peace and progress. "Montenegro Is in great part a rocky country, and it has not the advantagu possessed by Switzerland, which is also a mountainous region, of attract ing crowds of tourists every year; yet I believe that there are great possi hilities before it in the near future. In the meantime, however, it is nec essary that we should raise money In order to place cur finances in a sound condition. There is every prospect that the great powers of Europe will help us. when an opportune time comes, to float a loan with this ob ject in view." COUNTESS BECOMES A NURSE Has Earned Living as Cab Driver and Barbers Assistant in Paris Be fore Trying New Effort. Paris. Countess de la Gueriviere, who in 1907 appeared as the first wom an cab driver in the streets of Paris, has since then twice changed her "pro fession." After a brief success as a "cabby," the countess, who at one time was very wealthy, but is now forced to earn a living, became a barber's as sistant. She then opened a barber's shop on her own account, but this ven ture did not last long. A few months ago the third change took place and the countess became a nurse in a Par Is hospital for dogs, cats and birds. Eugenics Get Hard Blow. Chicago. Birl S. Coler, former comptroller of the city of New York told an audience of business men that If the science of eugenics were gen erally adopted the human race would be extinct in 150 years. Advertise 1 TIH11S Cleveland National Banli, Cleveland, Tcnn. CAPITAL . ... - ' URPUU8 AND PROFTrs - V4O,O0t TOOKMOUER' LIABILITY. M.. WOOO.P TOTAL HWOKWBILITY OFFICER-" J. E. Johnston, President Frank J. Harle, IWTBRS9T FA.0 ON SPECIAL SPECIAL ATTENTION TO DON'T PUT IT OFF; INSURE TO DAY IS THS NEW YORK LIFE INSURANCE CO. IXTYTWO YEARS OLD. ASSETS S4r467,678, PURELY MUTOAU MORE THAN ONE MILLION POLICY HOLDERS WHO OWN, CONTROL AND ALONE RECEIVE THE PROFITS OP THE COMPANY. POLICIES r SUED FREE OP ALL RESTRICTIONS AND CONDITIONS, AND INC TESTABLE PROM DATE OP ISSUE. ADDRESS. T. S. MsKINNBY, Special Agsnt, KNOXVILLE, FOR FIRST-CLASS LIVERY -GO JASPER BOOD HORSES, PINE CARRIAGES, CAREFUL f RIVERS AWJ LOW RATES. WHEN YOU HAVE ANY RIDING OR DRIVING TO E3 CALL ON HIM. . DUCKTOWN. TENNESSEE. "-- f HE SAFEST AND QUICKEST WAY -IH TRANSFER Long Distance Telephone; FOR RATES APPLT TO LOCAL MANAGER Cumberland Telephone & Telegraph Company,, INCORPORATED. m. l. eox, MANUFACTURER AND DEALER IN Boouments & Tombstones THE PROGRESSIVE Is the one who makes it ; his business to advertise V his business thoroughly Now is your 'opportunity and this paper the medi um through which you can talk your wants. 1ST PAP -s r. 44040009 W. P. Lang. acut. vo. Cashier. j DEPOSITS. ACOOUNTt u OUR MAIL PBPARTMENT. TENNESSEE. EDS Empire BuiMtitflb I TO- CEP3T TO BT- b. b. c. win; : Attorney at Law, PRACTIOEB IN ALL THE COURTS . MAN ! . ... 1 1 ' '' ; " v.- (