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POLK COUNTY NEWS-GAZETTE. BENTON'. TENNESSEE.
CALLS EXEMPTl RUBBER BATTLESHIPS NEXT? PERUVIAN REBELS Advertise lillSTIEII POLICY SEIZE GOVERNMENT ONLY MONOPOLY WOULD BENEFITED, WRITES MR. WILSON. BE PRESIDENT BILLINGHURST OF PERU CAPTURED; WILL BE EXILED. IN STATEMENT MADE IN LETTER AUGUSTO DURAND IN CHARGE fPTTV - irH f HAD1! TTt J Pi Thinks Nation's Honor Is at Stake in Regard to Panama Canal Tolls. Baltimore, Md. President Wood row Wilson, in a letter to William L. Marbury of this city, says the ex emption of American coastwise ship ping from Panama canal tolls "con stitutes a vere ymistaken policy from everey point of view," and "benefits, for the present, at any rate, only a monopoly." The president also pays a high tribute to Secretary of State Bryan, who, he says, deserves "not only our confldenece, but our affection ate admiration." "With regard to the question of ca nal tolls." says the letter, "my opinion is very clear. The exemption consti stitutes a very mistaken policy from every point of view," and "benefits, unjust; as a matter of fact, it bene fits, for the present, at any rate, only a monopoly; and it seems to me in clear violation of the terms of the Hay-Pauncefote treaty. "There is, of course, much honest difference of opinion as to the last point, as there is, no doubt, as to the others; but it is at least debatable, and if the promises we make in such matters are debatable, I, for one, do not care to debate them. I think the country would prefer to let no ques tion arise as to its whole-hearted pur pose to redeem its promises in the light of any reasonable construction of them, rather than debate, a point of honor. "Your reference to the secretary of state shows how comprehensively you have looked on during the last few . months. Not only have Mr. Bryan's character, his justice, his sincerity, his transparent integrity, his Christian , principle, made a deep impression up on all with whom he has dealt; but hia tact in dealing with men of many sorts, his capacity for ' business, his mastery of the principles of each mat ter he has been called upon to deal with .have cleared away many a diffi culty and have given to the policy of the state department a definiteness and dignity that are very admirable." U. S. MARINES LAND IN HAYTI Blotincj, and Pillaging tc an Alar Extent Breaks Out. , Washlntgon. Rioting and pillaging broke out in Cape Haitien to such an extent that Commander Bostwick of the gunboat Nashville landed eighty men to protect lives and property of foreign residents. Commander Bostwick took action at the request of foreign consuls. In structions to his landing force were to protect Americans, all foreigners and theier property. Davilmar Theoedore, who had pro claimed himself provisional president before his defeat at Gonaives at the hands of the Zamor brothers, is trying to set up a government at Cape Hai tien, where he retreated after the bat tle. He has appointed a cabinet, but, according to Commander Bostwick's report, appears to be losing control of his forces. Latest reports from Captain Russell of the battleship South Carolina at Port-au-Prince, expressed apprehen sion for the safety of the city. How ever, he reports no organized effort to expel foreign naval forces policing the city, though his earlier reports in dicated dissatisfaction by natives gen erally at the presence of the sailors and marines ashore. Huerta's Troops Quells Conspiracy. Mexico City. Reports that conspir ators were planning a coup d'etat re sulted in the troops of the entire gar rison being held in quarters or plac ed on guard in the neighborhood of the artillery barracks. Soldiers were on top of some of the buildings, from which a few families had been advised to move. The guard at the palace was increased and soldiers slept in the court yard. Man Kills Woman and Self. Atlanta. The curtain of tragedy dropped upon another mysterious "eternal triangle" when A. J. Amer son of New Orleans pumped two bul lets into the body of a young woman who passed in Atlanta as his wife, then drilled a hole through his own heart, in front of No. 52 Trinity ave nue. Both were slain instantly. She toppled Into a heap across the curb ing. Ills body crumpled cross-wise over hers, the blood from four bul let holes streaming into the muddy flow of the street gutter. Crew Rescued by Breeches Buoy. Norfolk, Va. Over a sea too rough for lifeboats, Hfe-saveres took off by means of breeches buoys the crew of the three-masted schooner Helen II. Benedict, ashore south of Cape Hen ry. The Benedict Is leaking, but ap parently will be able to live many hours. She lies one and a half miles Bouth of Nag Head life saving sta tion, and about sixty miles south of Cape Henry. The revenue cutter On ondaga, wenet to her assistance, and will endeavor to float the schooner when the waves subside. Chicago tribuni RAVAGES OMIOLL WEEVIL BOLL WEEVIL CAUSE OF FIVE HUNDRED MILLION DOLLAR LOSS. Figures Show Damage Wrought by Cotton Pest Totals Staggering Sum. Washington. Owing to the ravages of the boll weevil a loss in the pro duction of cotton in this country of more than 10,000,000 bales, which, at a value of only ?50 a bale, represents a financial loss of $500,000,000. Interesting facta regarding the de structive work of the boll weevil throughout the South are given In a little pockete pamphlet just issued by Director of the Census W. J. Harris. The damage to crops, by the boll weevil In the states of the South, Is estimated as follows: In seven selected counties of Missis sippi the production of cotton in 1907 amounted to 191,790 bales, valued at nearly $11,000,000. The boll weevil re duced this proportion to 89,577 bales in 1909; to 61,432 bales in 1910; to 37,816 bales in 1911, and to 30,809 bales in 1912. The aggregate production for the four years amounted to 219,634 bales valued at approximately $14,600,000 Had the crop of 1907 been produced ATC'ch of thepe years the aggregate valued at about $48,600,000, ' . . . , a j r i r r Ann .. The boll weevil now covers the southern portion of Alabama. Selecting six counties in the eastern part of the state, which are in the direct path of the weevil, the production during five years has amounted to 772,325 bales, which sold for about $45,000,000. If the ravages of the weevil In these counties should result in reducing the production in the selected counties in Mississippi, the cotton produced aur Ing the four seasons following the spread of the weevil throughout these counties would amount to 440,000 bales, and the financial loss, computed at $5.0 per bale would be more than $22,000,000. Selecting five important cotton-pro ducing counties in western Georgia, which are also in the path of the weevil, the loss in the production dur ing four seasons following the inva sion of the insects would range from 200,000 bales, based on the experience of the counties in Texas, to 350,000 and 390,000,000 bales, based on the production In the selected counties in Mississippi and the parishes in Louis iana, respectively. The resulting finan cial loss in these counties would be, therefore, from $10,000,000 to $19, 500,000. The production of cotton during the last five years In the five most import ant cotton-growing counties in South Carolina was 1,478,728 bales, a value of approximately $87,500,000. Should the boll weevil Infest these counties, with a resulting loss in cotton produc tion such as occurred in the selected counties in Mississippi, the reduction in the crops during the four seasons following the dispersion of the in sects would be 840,000 bales, valued at $42,000,000. Child's Death Charged to Negroes. Jonesville, Va. Charged with burn ing the four-year-old child of a de ceased relative, Will Calolway and his wife are under arrest in the local jail. According to sheriff's officers, the negroes confessed to the crime upon being taken to the scene. Callo way, the officers state, in his confes sion, is alleged to have admitted strip ping the child of Its clothing and burn ing it, while alive, on a camp fire. The reason given for the act, according to the alleged confession, was that the man and his wife tired of the child. U. S. Warships for Haitian Waters. Washington. Reports to the state department Indicated that the real cri sis In Haiti may be expected Boon. The American naval commanders and the minister at Tort-Au-Prince will con tinue, however, to act under the gen eral Instructions to protect Ameri can and other foreign Interests. The disposition among the officials in the capital is to refrain from lending even moral support to any of the Individual leaders in the turbulent island until they have tested their own relative strength. I PRESIDENT RAISES EMBARGO MEXICAN FACTIONS PUT ON AN EQUAL BASIS BY PRESIDENT WILSON'S ORDER. President Believes That His Action Is the Best Course to End the Trouble. Washington. President Wilson, by an executive order, made public at the white house, removed all restrictions against the exportation of munitions of war into Mexico from the United States, placing the contending Mexi can elements on a basis of equality with respect to the pur.chase of arms and supplies in this country. The ex ecutive order emphasized that it was the desire of the United States to be in the same position of neutrality ward the contending factions in Mexi as were the other powers. The text of the proclamation fol lows: "Whereas, by a proclamation of the president. Issued on March 14, 1912, under a point resolution of congress, approved by the president on the same day, it was declared that there exist ed in Mexico conditions of domesc violence which were promoted b ; use of arms or munitions of vp cured from the United Statgr "Whereas, by joint resoli. mentioned, U whereupon Ji lawfii'-'-to pxnort arms f "wv- of war to Mexico excet Is f e limitations and exceptiorUC; 9 ident should prescribe; "Mnw thprffrrp I. WOO (Tvv.it son, president of the United Statey America, do hereby declare and pro claim that, as the conditions on which the proclamation of March 14, 1912, was based, have essentially changed, and as it is desirable to place the United States, with reference to the exportation of arms or munitions of war to Mexico, in the same position as other powers, the said proclama tion is hereby revoked." Expressions of warm approval came from both ends of the capitol when the news spread of the president's de cision to lift the embargo. To mem bers of the senate foreign relations committee it was no surprise. Mexico City. Many of the Ameri cans resident here, on learning of President Wilson's decision to raise the embargo on the exportation of arms from the. United States to Mexi co, made preparations to leave the capital for the coast. Farm Extension Bill Wins. Washington. The fight which has been waged ill the senate over the plan of distributing the agricultural ex tension work fund of the Smith-Lever bill ended in victory for Senator Hoke Smith. The amendment of Senator Cummins of Iowa was defeated by a vote of 40 to 16. The bill as had been reported provided for a distribution on a basis of rural population, and the Cummins amendment provided for a distribution on a basis of acreage un der cultivation, which, would have giv en the state of Iowa two and a half times as much as Georgia, although Georgia has a larger population than Iowa. Women State Ages to Register. Chicago. Women citizens of Chi- raero turned out in full strength to take advantage of their first opportun ity to register as voters. Perfect Pftiher conditions favored a large reg istration and estimates vary at from 150,000 to 200,000. Polling places ere made clean and attractive, flow ers were not wanting. The requirement that women registering must Btate their ages, expected to be a cause of some awkwardness, proved to have been overrated as a stumbling block. Women gave their ages nonchalantly. Rockefeller to Pay $12,000,000 Taxes. Cleveland, Ohio. John D. Fackler and William Agnew, deputy state tax ation officers for Cuyahoga county, went to the home of John R. Rocke feller in Forrest Hill, East Cleveland, and filed a written demand upon him that he pay taxes on his personal property, estimated at $900,000,000 in to the treasury of this county. The claim that under the Warnes tax law Rockefeller, by residing In the county for the greater part of the preceding twelve months, has made himself lia ble to taxation here. Effort to Reform Finances Caused the Revolution in the Republic of Peru. Lima, Peru. The president of the republic of Peru, Guillermo tilling hurst, was taken prisoner by the mil itary revolutionists. President Billinghurst was later taken by the rebels as a prisoner to Callac, from which port he will be sent into exile in a foreign country. The rebels suddenly attacked the presidential palace under the leader ship of Colonel ISenavides. Gen. En rique Vareia. premier and minister of war, was killed in the fight which en sued. Dr. AuKusto Durand, a former revo lutionary leader whose arrest was sought by the police, took possession of the palace. It is generally believed that he will at once organize a new government. The attack on the palace began at 4:30 a. m. Thousands of inhabitants of Lima dashed Into the streets alarm ed by the firing. Squads of soldiers were ordered to fire volleys into the air in order to prevent the formation of crowds in the GUILLERM0 BILLINGHURST -"CjOTIr RePUbllC 0f PerU Wh0 prisoner and will be ex- military revolutionists. streets and by this method they kept the panic-stricken people moving from pfece to place. In the vicinity of San Pedro church, a civilian bystander was killed by a bullet. Peru's sudden revolutionary trouble is due principally to President Billing hurst's efforts to place the finances of this country on a sound basis. His plans for doing this involved the most strict economies, which proved unpop ular, particularly among officeholders whose salaries and estimates were re duced. FRANK GLASS LOSES SEAT Senate Decides, 32 to 31, Not to Seat Alabamian. Washington. By a majority of one vote, 32 to 31, Frank P. Glass of Ala bama, lost his fight for a seat in the United States senate. The senate sus tained the recommendation of the com mittee on privileges and elections, which held that Mr. Glass was not entitled to be seated because his ap pointment by Governor O'Neal to suc ceed the late Senator Joseph P. John ston was made after the seventeenth Constitutional amendment directing the election of senators by the people had been proclaimed in full effect. In the face of determined opposition from the majority members of the committee, headed by Senator Kern, the champion of the Alabamian, pro ceeding from a forlorn hope, made re markable progress in gaining votes and the narrow margin by which they lost the fight created great surprise. Literacy Test for Immigrants. Washington. The Burnett Immigra tion bill, prescribing a literacy test fcr applicants for admission to the United States, was passed by the house, by a vote of 241 to 126. As the bill passed, it provides tlat every immigrant ad mitted to the United States must be able to read "the English language or some other language or dialect, in eluding Hebrew or Yiddish." It pre scribes the method of testing immi grants, providing that each applicant for admission must read between thir ty and forty words. Red Cross to Stop China Floods. New York. Plans for the prevention of floods In the Hwai river valley of China, probably the greatest humani tarian project every undertaken by the American Red Cross, are under way. A telegram from Miss Mabel Boardman, chairman of the executive committee of the Red Cross, authorized the En gineering Corporation of New York to announce that it had been designated not only to do the work, but to raise the $30,000 necessary to finance it A commissioner from the Chinese gov ernment is on the way here. -ir' TIHISS Cleveland National Bank, Cleveland, Tenn. CAPITAL .. 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