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ft' 1 i I i ) WILSON'S MESSAGE Oil MIL TOLLS PRESIDENT TELLS LEGISLATORS EXEMPTION CLAUSE VIO LATES TREATY. CONGRESS TO HEED REQUEST Wilson peal Indicate That Failure to Re May Cause Trouble About . Other Matter. Majority in Both Houses Ready for Flat Repeal. Washington. Members of the house and senate who will aid In the repeal fight announc ed they had adopted a poll of congress and that a large ma jority in both houses was ready to vote for a flat repeal meas ure immediately. In the house there was quick response to the president's ad dress, the committee voting 13 to .3 to favcraUly report the Sims repeal bill. Absent mem bers who were recorded made the vote 17 to 4. ' Washington. President Wilson went to congress and pleaded for repeal of the provision of the Panama canal act which exempts American coastwise shipping from tolls. He tersely as serted that liis- reason for asking the repeal was because everywhere ex cept in the United States the tolls exemption was regarded as violation of the Hay-Pauncefote treaty, President Wilson's address, in part, follows: "Gentlemen of the congress: I have cqmo to you upon an errand which can be very briefly performed, but I beg that you will not measure its import ance by the number of sentences in which I state it. No communication I have addressed to the congress carried with it graver or more far-reaching im plications to the interest of the coun try, and I come now to speak upon a matter with regard to which I am charged in a peculiar degree by the Constitution itself with personal re sponsibility. "I have come to ask for the repeal of that provision of the Panama canal act of August 24, 1912, which exempts vessels engaged in the coastwise trade of the United States from payment of tolls and to urge upon you the jus i ivtaiim nnd the lante pol- UVC, " ; . earnestness of which I am capable,. "In my ' own judgment, very fully considered and maturely formed, that considered ana uiaiui aj iu""""! exemption constituted a mistaken eco- noraic policy from every point of view, and is, moreover, in plain contraven tion of the treaty with Great Britain concerning the canal, concluded on November 18, 1901. "But I have not come to you to urge my personal views. I have come to or o to in vnil a fact and a situation. Whatever may be our own difference of opinion concerning this much de bated measure, its meaning is not de bated outside the United States. Every where else the language of the treaty Is given but one interpretation, and that interpretation precludes the ex emption I am asking you to repeal. We consented to the treaty; its lan guage we accepted, if we did not orig inate it; and we are too big,' too pow erful, too self-respecting1 a nation to Interpret with too strained or refined a reading the words of our own prom ises ' just because we have power enough to' give us leave to read them a8 we please. The large thing to do is the only thing we can afford to do, a voluntarily withdrawal from a posi tion everywhere questioned and mis understood. We ought to reverse our action without, raising, the question whether we were right or wrong, and o once more deserve ..our reputation lor generosity and the redemption of ,i.n.Hni. without-auibble or every uui'6""" - hesitation.- ' ' '4. "I ask this of you in support of the foreign policy of the administration: I 'shall not know how td fleal with, other matters df even greater delicacy and nearer consequence if you do not grant It to me in ungrudging meas ure." - '. - . . World's Tourists Welcomed. . New York. The world-girdling American baseball players came home in a snowstorm.' While harbor craft tooted and envoys . from the Federal League figuratively waved enticing 'contracts, the Giant-Wliite Sox com binatioA drew ' into quarantine. The Federal League .representatives v,ere unable to obtain passes to board the Lusltanla to greet tlie travelers down the bny. Organized baseball was more fortunate in living obtained revenue cutter passes in advance and a, dele gation' was able to Wrd the ship. High Cost of Living Declines., .Washlngton.-rFood prices, ,in , the nuoA Rintfts reached the highest lev. in twenty-four years on .-voveniuer 15, 1013; Since that date, there naa wn a sl cht doc ine, uiougu-wir u- i din 'thrive that of ft' year ago; ' The' department of labor in nmiirt tmblic a' report showing re tail prices of .food in forty important industrial cities in me coumrq. uu ir nil nf 1913 hlrh prfces prevailed," rays th report, "while the last quar ter of the , year was a period of .de JUST PLOWING ALONG HIGH HONOR TO GOETilALS WILSON PRESENTS SPECIAL GOLD . ME DAL -TO COLONEL GOETHALS. The President Says Goethals Is World's Greatest Living -Engineer. the Washington. Washington paid trib ute to Col. George Washington Goe thals, builder of the Panama canal. The occasion was the annual banquet of the National Geographic Society, with Colonel Goethals present as the guest of honor, and to receive from the hand of President Wilson a special gold medal awarded him by the soci ety in recognition of his wonderful achievement. Secretary Bryan was toastmaster and gathered shout the banquet, table with distinguished scientists of the society were President Wilson and his cabinet, justices of the Supreme court, members of the diplomatic corps, big officers of the army and navy .leaders in both houses of con gress, and other notable figures in the Ufa nf the national capital. rand, the French ambassador, and dean of the diplomatic corps, was fnrmnllv notified of his election to - honorary -embership in bfe society. Tho hannuet hall presented a strik ing scene. At one 'end, raised high above the table, the words: "Atlantic-' Goethals-Pacific," blazed in brilliant electric letters as all other lights were extinguished. ' Ice cream was served , the diners frnm miniature dredges, carried by waiters dressed in the uniform of the United States engineer corps, and fol lowed by sailors bearing a tiny battle ship. Individual dishes of cream ap peared molded in the shape of the Pan ama canal dump car. The medal awarded Colonel Goethals was given as an expression of the appreciation of the society and the nation of the army engineer's distin guished service. Its presentation was the final act of President Wilson's first year, as chief executive of the United States. ' Inscribed on the 'medal were the Svords: "This medal of the National Geo eranhic society is awarded to George Washington Goethals, to whose ability and patriotism. the world owes-the con struction ot the Tanama canal. March 3, pU." ... :'.- Huerta-Seks"to Free 5,000 Refugees .-.F.l Paso.. Texas.-r-Asserting that them Aa no warrant of international law of treaty under which 'the 5,000 Mexicans 'who fled to the united stofB aftpr the-battle of OJinaga, and who are interned at Fort Bliss, can be held, representatives of the Huerta nvemment here are preparing to' in stitute Irabeas 'corpus proceedings to obtain their, liberation. , .v - No C. O. P. Shipments.1 ' lorTerson -Citv. Aloi The right- of express, companies to refuse to deliver C. O. D. shipments oi liquor into i e Jaa unlield 'bv 'the' Missouri supreme court.. -The decislon-of .the court was. based,; on the .Texas law. prohibiting such shipments. Abraham Jjtosenbergcr ciuuueu ic iiuu , v. i of Hquorv to-the Pacific Express-company and .to the WellsKargo & .Co's, express for, Texas point's. Before the shipments wet e ' delivered,' the Texas law pr-ohlbitinfr uttch shipments be came, effective. - . . - More U. S. Soldiers' for Hawaii. San Franclsco.-'-The United States army forces in Hawaii are to le. in- w.; (1 nftft nien 'to 14.000 or 15,000 as soon aa' Ihe troops can bel transferred from the states, according to Major General William ,H.- Carter, who is to sail for Honolulu to assume commmand of the 'division of Hawaii. With General Carter will go about one thousand men to augment the pres ent garrison on Oahu. The remainder of the proposed Increase, W said, will be nransf erred aa soon lis the - men can b spared from Texas bprder. ' , TOLK COUNTY SEWS-GAZEtTE. BENTON'. TENNESSEE. Hr1 YCU- cam'tcha SPEED I MEXICAN SITUATION TENSE PRESIDENT DECLARES BENTON,. BAUCH AND VERGARA HAVE MADE SITUATION GRAVE. But He Realizes Certain Eventualities May Force Drastic Course by the United States Government. Washington. President Wilson re vealed to those 'who discussed Mexi can affairs with him that he fully real ized the gravity of the situation result ing from the killing of William S. Benton, a British subject, the reported murder of Gustav Bauch and Clemente Vergara, American citizens, and Gen eral Cararnza's denial of the right of the United States to. look alter the interests of foreigners generally in Mexico. The president spoke deploringly of armed, intervention, but at the same time pointedly referred to the size ajjd power of a country like the United States as being sufficient warrant for a calm and patient course while com pliance with the American demands was being sought. - Callers got the, impression from tr.e i tr e posal to solve the Mexican problem, hut that he realized certain" eventual! ties might mean a drastic course. He spoke with a firmness that showed his determination not to be stampeded fa te action by radical speeches in con gress, but with a hint that when the necessity arose, the American govern ment could be expected to move de cisively and effectively. Asked whether in view of the new developments a change of policy was intended by the United States immedi ately, the president pointed out that a country of the size and power of the United States could afford to wait just as long as. it pleased; that nobody doubted its power and nobody doubted that General Huerta was eventually to retire. VILLA ADMITS BAUCH IS DEAD Rebel General Says Missing American Was Assassinated. . ; '-M,ii,,i5.iina Mexico. General Villa! indicates his ..belief that Gustav Bauch is dead, when he said that Bauch, an American, was liberated at Juarez,, and "doubtless .was assasssinated by pome of his enemies., Villa said. that Bauch' 'bad many enemies and added: "Of course, I can't be held to blame for that.", ' ' ' El Paso, Texas. General Villa's ex. pressed belief that Gustav Bauch, who was arrested at Juarez as a spytwo weeks , ago, was .the victim of an as sassin, occasioned no surprise here. The German-American's sister, Mrs. J, M. Patterson, and others ' interested in -the; case have- been resigned t6 the' conclusion that Bauch , was slain at Juarez. , . , . "'. - ; ' it Shot to Oeath While on Trial. , SU LouW.' Mj.-rWe'sley . (lied, Si mon, "op trial here on a charge of niur derfng Emrrtett ' Carroll,! in a gang feud nearly a year ago, was shot and killed in a nearby . saloon, during ', a recess 'of the "court in which' he was -i- 'eVinrtlv nfter the. kiilinc beuift M'u' . ---- - Henry Jiang, 'prinefpal witness for the prosecution, surrendered at the ceo tral police station, saying he had pome, trouble with Simon. The sheriff who hnif fenred pn attack would be mane; on Simon, '.had detailed four hpecial policemwi ;o guard liim. . ,. ,, ,v' Bremen Wire Saves 250 Passengers. . Ls Angeles,' al. A broken trolley wire was all that saved, a suburban train carrying. 250 paseengera from btriking ' obstmctions plied ' on .the track beteween Del Rey and Renondo Btacji and, rolling down a 12-foot. em bankment into the ocean. Running from Los Angel6s: along the ocean frctat toward. Renondo at forty-five rnilen hour the two-car. train slack ened ppeed and stopped when the wire .nntioed knd the current wa' inter rupted. ' A few yards ahead' lay tlx ties across the track. GOVERNOR BLEASE 111 FIGHTING fi GOVERNOR DIDN'T LIKE SPEECH I MADE BY ONE OF THE LEGISLATORS. PAYS VISIT TO LEGISLATURE He Even Pulled Off His Coat Per tonal Violence Prevented by Cool-Headed Members. Columbia, S. C An exciting rere marked the session of the house uf representatives when Governor Bltaso . ct into the hall to reply to certain statements made by W. V. Stevenson, in a speech on the asylum probe and . x lr. o ueiiver a message m p'.-ion. f,n;ii f-nrimnters. which at one Hint) somed likely, were prevented by the intervention of members. When the governor charged that N. B. Barnwell., member of tlie house from Charleston, was acting in a ww ardly manner by raising a technical point that the chief executive was net acting within the constitutional limits in making his remarks, Mr. Barnwell advanced to the speaker's stand, but was restrained by members. Governor Blease told 'tlie members that he came prepared for a fight be cause he could not stand tlie alleged misrepresentations. Following tlie tilt with Mr. Barnwell the governor left the hall and was fol- i a i.,r' o lorixi iinmhpr nf his SUD- "IS. . ... r.. . fnll.tu-Oil llim porters. ivir. nieveusuu iunu..-u ...... for the purpose, it is said, ofstatiug that he did not wish Governor Blease to understand that he had apologized for any statement made in his speech. The governor apparently thought that Mr. Stephenson wanted to fight and pulled off his coatv "I have bepn in sonie fights, hut. 1 never take off my coat," said Mr. Ste venson, returning to the hall. General disorder reigned in the house for several minutes while tlie governor was making his charges. Friends of Mr. .Barnwell and the gov ernor crowded around and for a time it seemed as if a general fight was im minent. The governor, in his message or ad dress, charged that the report of the legislative committee on the asylum probe was unfair, in that it failed to discuss the charges by Senator Till man that Governor Blease and his "Underlings and satellites" were try ing to manipulate the sale of the asylum property in Columbia. u ne tie: denied all these charges, ana Mr. Barnwell raised the point cf or der that the message was "passing the constitutional limits allowed the gov ernor. Governor Blease then made the remark about Mr. Barnwell which pre cipitated the confusion. MOORE RESIGNS POSITION Agreed to S rve State Department Only One Year. Washington. John Bassett Moore, counselor of the state department and the recognized authority on interna tional questions, concluded his serv ice with the government when Pres ident Wilson accepted the resignation Mr. Moore had submitted a month ago. Coming when international, affairs occupy th forefront of official and public ultention, the departure of Mr. Moore from a position second only to that of Mr. Bryan, attracted wide spread attention and comment. Although the resignation had been in the, president's hands since Feb ruary 2, to take effect now, this fact had not been generally known. There had been reports some months ago that....th6. counsel6r of the state de partment did not find, his .labors, en tirely congenial and was about to re sien. but these reports were promptly denied. It was explained then and again officially explained that Mr. Ajoore had come Into the administration with a definite understanding that his ten ure was provisional for a year, so that he could 4return to his. duties- as. head of . the department of international law at Columbia university. This'fa'ct was. strongly emphasized in the official cor respondence .made public. Suffragettes Engage In' Riot. London. Militant - suffragettes gave further,, proof, that their, bitter est animosity is reserved for the La bor party, the only political party that has espoused, their. cause. As soon as J. Ramsey MaxDonald, chairman of flier-Labor patty, -began speaking at, a labor partv' rally In Memorial hall, s-.f rageUes, aided by- male support ers started to howl Him down. For nearly rin'hcuf'a fierce struggle rased" In the hall. There were fre(i.ient,free 'fights between men,, white ..women grabbed', one' another by the .hair, 1 Compromise on Postal Measure. WaBhlngtoh.-Dlsputed points be tween honso and senate on the postal appropriation bill "were compromised. The measures were accepted by 'the sepate and went to the house tor final passage. The postmaster general would be empowered to fix the time for delivery of parcel post shipments Iu congested zones. The, pay of sub stitute clerks and carriers was com promised at 35 cents an hour and the 11,200 a year maximum for rural car riera was agreed upon, ; ID R,lrod Agree to Lower Fea. Tl ri:n.iidn in T r.l.t IT t l.at th U.ui:'i'. A Na-;.ii at.I :m Nar.vi!!e. fu ,'Lva ya A ft. L !'' cj rrl'- 1 ""lt t'',,'l'VT fr-r . ,-r tl.. roads Ul re 2' , tun V r fciult and half f-e r,,r O.-SMtn. ITUU rating arr-nr.enf, l.ih has fmd tv the railrofecs i.m.d and ilio at railrc-d tiiuaiis- Jon. i ntN all litit,atien. to iar k v--. k.t rate are on-.ri.td n Thus-M-e and in Kentucky with the hrr tnt vt .the I.oui.- .Ile & t.UUU Incomes effective in Kentucky t an early day. Tlie Illinois Central railroad has not ghrnified its acceptance of the lowtr rates, but the ruilrcad commission feels confident it will do so. The U & N.. N C. St. L. and the I. C . were the only roads that had net agreed to the reduction seme time ago. The new rate will apply on ail interstate business. The action 'of the roads likely ends anti-railroad agitation, in the state, though there will certainly be conten tion against passes to officials, and the fight for federal inquiry into the relations cf the Louisville & Nashville and the Nashville, Chattanooga k St. Louis will probably be prosecuted. The contention between the railroads and the state has hinged on the ac tion iu the Alabama case, and that settled, the reduction in Tennessee and Kentucky follows as a matter of course. In Nashville the impression prevails that the action of tlie roads has blocked anti-railroad lepislation in the next legislature and that the settlement will have, an important ments engineered by politicians in Tennessee. m- The struggle of the state authorities for lower passenger rates began years ago, but final action was deferred be cause of the litigation in Alabama over the same question. Gov. Pat terson and the railroad commission entered into an agreement with the above named roads to await action in Alabama, but recently the railroad commission decided to try to reduce the rate, end since thpn there have been threats of litigation on both sides. It is said the reduction of the rate in Alabama, Tennessee and Kentucky will cost the Louisville & Nashvihe alone approximately .$900,000, but the los3 will likely be made up in in creased patronage. Internal Revenue Statement. Following is a comparative state ment of the collection of internal rev enue for February, 1913, and the same month this year: . 1913. , Lists ;..$ 7,850.13 Beer stamps ... 15,870.00 Knirit Stamps., 12,858.89 1914. $ 15,992.36 . 1S,62Q.00. " ?; 2,901.58, V-. : 2,145.1 101,191.08 r 22,821.06 ' 1,461.86 arette st'mps Snuff stamps.. Tobacco st'mps Special-tax 2,386.05 117,647.24 23,613.24 2,410.33 102.00 stamps Case stamps-.. Process butter stamps 2.50 Total ...... 41S2.737.S8 1160,141.50 President Wilson Cannot Come. President Wilson cannot attend the . . . . .v. is-j.iia Tciinpssee Edu- meeting oi me 4u.uU. - -cational association at Nashyille April 9 as he had hoped to be able to do. Superintendent J. J. Keyes of the Nash- Ville PUDHC SCllOOia, i ivl. v.. x. ---- . .. in-i. ,.!,l Prnf StmnCK- or tne tuy ik" - ard erf Lawrenceburg and Prof . Bourne, . . . , . T.ii.11 re state high school inspecio. iu -see, accompanied by Senator Luke. Lea and Representative J. W. Byrns, called upon the president in Washington, a few days ago and presented the urgent, invitation of the association that the. president attend the meeting. He stat ed that he had been declining all in vitations and while he would especial ly be pleased to attend the meeting at Nashville, he would not be able to do so April 9, as congress would be in session at that time. Secretary Daniels to Decide. . . , ; The question of whether the secre tary of war accept the 5,000 acres of land near Tullahoma offered by -citizens for a maneuver ground for mili tiamen of the south and enlisted men who may be encamped in the south, is new up to that official. The resolu tion 'is now before the senate, having been passed by the house and amended to provide that he also accept the 4,600, aeres of landnear Anniston, Ala., or to select between the two accepting eith er the Tennessee or the Alabama offer or both." Rfcpresentat.iv.es. Byrns and Houston looked after Tennessee s in terests and Representative Dent of Ala-, bama championed the offer of the citi zens of Anniston. ' ' ' ' Agrees to Compromise Verdict. - " ' In the Davidson county fiiii,al court Shirlcjr. JJJ.t Ud hi brother near Bellevue, agreed upon a compromise verdict of ' Becnd decree murder and was given an indf termin ate sentence of ten to twenty y.ws m the penitentiary. ' ' ' Street' Railway Business Doubles.' The report..of the Nash vine uan way & Light Company for '1913 sliows grosn earnings of 12.207.245. The paten ters handled numbered 29,055,867. It is' stated the buslriess of fle company has more than. doubled since 1904., -. Asks Divorce From. Felon. , . Mrs. Minnie Spurlock of this city has'mpd a'suft for divorce on the ground that her husband was In the penitentiary, ' serving a lyear sen tence, for forgery. MO-IS INVADED MOUNTED TEX ANS DIS1NTERPED CCRFSE OF AMERICAN RANCH MAN AND TOOK IT AWAY. HAD ORDER FOR THE BODY Rar5er ficce Sw,ft!y and Met W th No 0?p:s tion During T-e r In vasion of Mexico. Lirt:r. Texas. Texas rur.:: fecntiy cro-sed into M'.i(; at tm.Ui'ht to the American ..'- t tiijitd liniy cf Clemente Vtrt a: t :it, n:i- i.8 ranchman, and etatlhtd Ja-'t tf his tuecutioa after he nizM iy Mt.vicau I'edt-rals. The rungers were not p- J. m tomplishinf: their search w. .!. siightt-ht iol nee, taking t:.- tody froi.i a g'ave in Hidalgo .- ;.-;. ry al nicst v.-.tiiin .siht of the T.;ui I' r tkr. The t :2ur-' was !ivesti-d tf p..i biv grave aspects in infernatit-iial t-c n:p'.icatu i..s by r-ason cf the lt ;i at ti.e r .;..- rs were pracr.caily man. j..g um. of permission grunt', d o:"f-c;s.l-iy by .Mexican federal authtr-ti'. s-v-tral days ago for recovery of tlie body. Tl.is pc-mii.-siou liad bten tivt-i to I'ni'eM States i:onsul Garrett at Nue- . vo Lnrtdo, but he did not get the body tecau-e cf what he reported as. dan gers ttttr.dir.g search for it :n the immediate vicinity of Hida'.go. rfr.ra was shot twice through the head ai.i once through the neck his skull was crushed as by a blow from a rifie butt, and the charred fir.gers of the left hand indicated that f.e had teen tortured before being put to death. ' ' Identification was made the cead man's son and by numerous Ir:ti;ds, many of whom were in the party of ninety, led by the state border patrol, which iad? the grim journey' to the Hidalgo cemetery during the early raornig hours. The body was not so Kadiy decomposed, despite its three week's burial, and in addition to rec ognizin? the features, young Vergara totk a bit of cloth from the trousers which enclosed the body and matched it to the coat which his father had on the day he crossed the Rio Grande. -The body was brought into the Unit ed States at a point 45 miles north west of Laredo, opposite Hidalgo and near the Vergara ranch. American Consul Garrett of Nuevo Laredo, dep uty sheriffs nnd other authorities were waiting to receive it, and, pending the arrival of an undertaker from Laredo, an armed force Stood guard ove; the body, 5 . ' . '. . .; - NATIONAL HONOR INVOLVED president Wishes to' Develop Foreign ' ; Policy of United" States. . - W'ashingtou.-rDaye4opment .of. the American foreign policy as an influ ence for commercial expansion and the cause of universal peace is a vital concern of the Washington adminis tration in its efforts to have repealed the Panama tolls exemption clause. Aside frcm President Wilson's asser tion that national honor .is involved in upholding a- treaty obligation, there are circumstances surrounding a set tlement of the controversy which are expected by administration officials to have a broad effect, on' the United States' diplomatic relations with the entire world. Behind the protest of Great Britain, it has become known authoritatively, etands the united support of European nations whose formal objections have been held in abeyance to await the outcome of England's regotiations with the' United States. Underlying the settlement of the tolls dispute Is an ambitious program of American diplomacy, which contemplates an early adjustment of relations with the nations of the globe so that the Pan ama canal may be opened in an era of diplomatic good feeling. Austrian Women Demand Ballot. Vienna, Austria. Hundreds of worn enV mass meeting in favor of woman suffrage were held throughout Austria. At all resolutions were adopted declar ing it was the general demand of Aus trian woman for the vote in parlianien tary and local elections. The mass meetings' were organized by the Social 1st party.' ' ' Militant Women Fight Police. London.' Militant suffragettes here fought the police on their favorite bat tlefield, Trafalgar Square, and In a pouring- rain. " The arrest of Sylvia .Pankhurst for the sixth time under 'the "cat-and-mouse" law precipitated' Ihe conflict. Seven other women and throe men were arrested. One of those taken into custody was Miss Zelie Em erson of Jackson, Mich. Miss Kmer iion haft been arrested several tlmea or participation in su!Trag tie demon i.tratiohj), knd may b's expelled by tho government. Villa Take . Reef In Killing Policy. . El l'uso, Texas. Failure to pay the ransom demanded for Luis Terrazas, jr.', 'will not result in the prisoner's xecutionaccordlng to a tolegram re ceived in El 'Paso from General Villa at Chihuahua. News of the telegram cami' from rebel agents. The agents declared, however, that General Villa certainly would expose Terrazas to the enemy's fire at Torreon unless the pris oner's futher, Gen. Luis Terrar.as, re frains from political activity. General Terrazas had no comment to-make on this new development. 1 cline in the prices.'