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POLK COVNTY NEWS-GAZETTE. BENTON. TENNESSEE.
web mmm im r X. ' I ' ' "7 - : : V. ,. v. if ? y ; V ... si PERMANENT winter refuge of 2,000 acres of land on the east side of Jackson's Hole, In Wyoming, to m care for a herd of 25,000 elk has just beeti arranged by the depsrt ment of agriculture. It Is expected that enough hay will be raised on this tract to feed the entire herd. The price of the land ranged from $50 to $52 an acre. The govern ment was forced to adopt this plan to present the elk in the west from going the way Of the bsffalo to extinction. It is estimated that fully 50,000 elk winter la the Jackson's Hole country, a large area south of the Yellowstone National park. The elk scatter dur ing the summer months, many of them grazing in the park, but as winter approaches they converge toward their old winter quarters. These quarters were ample Jbefore the homesteader ; came to ' fence the linds. The elk would ;eed, on the rich s.ssi ' of the val leys. In the fall,, work Vp on, the. sheltered hillaidfli in ihtf winder, and when necessity urged descend to the creeks and browse among the young wil lows and other foliage until the spring grass came. The homesteader's fence has mad this im possible now, and each year lessens the amount of open range. The result is that de- SJ- K , .ZzMAAtmxX yaw wmriycraj&rzp 11 it dTntW? TojifrHf mmm&w aicvr. arrzs? 1 1 W ... - . . L-i: s spite the large amount of feed that has been fur nished them by the state of Wyoming, each winter has seen an enormous death loss of this fast-disappearing game animal. Driven to desperation from hunger, the elk would, break dawn - the etrongesf barbed wire fence surrounding a haystack, arid during a por tion' of the winter' the settlers were forced to uard their hay night and day. The elk have been known to mount upon the fallen bodies of their companions, and thus climb to the top of a thatched roof shed, where they would voraciously devour the rotten hay or straw used as a roof coy ering. The scenes In the elk region of Wyoming during the last two years are described as heart-rending. The starving elk, driven to the lowlands by the high nows in the .mountains, found most of the range fenced in by ranchers. In many cdses- they ' broke down fences and demolished the hay stacks of the ranchers. They ate the willows along the streams, and gradually grew weaker and weaker, and finally sunk down to die in the enow. Immediately they were pounced upon by magpies and other birds, and their eyts were picked out, in many cases before the elk were dead. The conditions which led up to the government's' recent action have existed for more than ten years, but the state of Wyoming seemed unable, single handed, to cope with the situation. The tender-hearted ranchmen of the Jackson Hole country have helped to the full extent of their ability, feeding to' the starving elk as much as they could spare from their private stores of hay aud fodder without'putting their own stock on ex tremely short allowance. But with all this, it is estimated that fully 5,000 elk died of starvation each year. According to Mr. S. N. Leek, a prominent ranchman of the Jackson Hole district and for mer state senator, who has made a special study of the conditions surrounding the elk In that' part of the country, since 1903 about 75 per cent, otthe adult elk have perished of starvation each winter. He states that he has counted as many as .1,000 dead elk within a 'radius of half a mile, and that on several occasions when driving through the . country he has been fprco-'td turn out 6t his way because of the bodies of dead elk obstructing the roads. The elk would first eat the range clear of all food, then turn to the .coarse sticks and barks, and in many places they would actually gnaw the bark from the fence rails'. When all these sources of food If such it may be called were ex hausted, they would gradually be gin to lose their vitality, spirit and endurance. Then, reduced by hun ger until too weak to follow the herd, they would drop down by some rock or brush, to either be come a prey to carnivorous ani mals or die a miserable death by starvation. It is estimated that the value of elk to the region of Jackson Hole is equal to the revenue derived from stock raising in that dis trict The amount of money which the animals bring into the country is very large. .Many hutin(U paijkS.- are attracted thither every year, being t..lowed 1lo kill a limited umbet af elk tinder certain restrictions. Hunters 4 are obliged to hire guides, packers, cooks and pack animals and to buy considerable quantities of food supplies. The average dally expense of a person nunting in that region is at least $14. Thus a thirty days' trip would cost each non resident $420, all of which is spent in' the vicin ity of the hunting grounds. ' About 2,000 elk are killed each year by hunters. There is considerable- poaching, i. e., illegal kill ing of the animals, by men who frequent and even reside in the Jackson Hole region for the sake of njaking their living wholly of hi part from game. The law-breakers regard the elk as their - natural prey. But the lowest in the scale of all thP enemies of the elk is the tooth hunter the human brute who for the sake of gaining a dollar or two kills the noble creatures, and, taking only their tusks, leaves the carcasses to rot. Under cover of the mail he forwards his booty unde tected to dealers in the cities, who dispose of it to thoughtless purchasers. The government's present work of elk preserva tion 'is unique. Had similar measures been un dertaken in behalf of the buffalo, the nation would not now -be mourning the .almost total.-loss of (hose animals, which at one time were much more numerous in the west than are the elk , today. : , HEADLINES. "My blase son has managed to get up some en thusiasm over the opening of the Panama canal." "Yes; he admits he never saw anything bigger than that in vaudeville." C r SI Laura Jean Libbeu's Talks on Heart Todi'cs IF SHE HAS A HUSBAND. . . .... ' " , " ' ' 4 i .. f S - .-. - , : . ' i CHANGING SOCIAL HABITS In comparing the habits and manners of the present day with those of the are being taught thrift- io a hard echool-rthat the chancellor of the ex past it ssema to me that the most striking thing is the great change that has chequer. If we deduct , from their apparently large incomes the ' taken place in our economics and financial conditions. The poor of today are prior claims on them mat nave to De met neiore ineiree different race from the poor of 60 or even 30 years ago. They earn a great , deal more money and, though they get less for it in solid comfort and well .being, they spend It in a much greater variety of ways. Neither are the: rich- of today the same as the rich of lO-years ago. Large'-ureiSirs of the latter iho landed gentry, for instance have taken a back seat, If they have not ac It will be found in many cases that comparatively little remains either for riotous liVing or -Vulgar -show. ' Besides, it must be rememberea mai iub modern Croesus is often a business man who can- reinvest his annual profits to much better advantage than ln,r2u-guinea banquets at the Hotel Cecil. The champion .spendthrifts of today are not the owners or moior caia aim "Place your lanJ. in m!n. dear, With their rose leaf touch.. If you he.d my arniii(? It will spare you much." , It is strange how a woman's nature seems to change if she has a husband. The over-sensl-tive, bashful maiden develops into the self-confident wife. The world's attitude seems to change for her. She is the attraction at all gatherings. She is never a .wallflower for lack of partners. The young men know that they can pay any amount of at tention to her without their light badinage being taken seriously. She can dispense with the formality of being attended by a chaperone if she chooses to at tend a baseball game of an afternoon, or a theater of an evening. She is Mrs. So-and-So! This seems to give her a prestige, a right to be as democratic as she pleases. She is asked to look after the single girls of a party, although some of them may be half a dozen years her senior. "She sets her approval or ban upon the dances of the day. The single men may admire her to their hearts' content. Single girls look on complacently, knowing they have nothing to fear. She has a hus band, and Is never in want of an escort. She is well equipped to look after the love affairs of her single sisters She can get up unique little affairs to bring the single folks together The young men follow her advice in selecting a sweetheart. Her encour agement, or discouragement makes or breaks off many a match. If a woman has a husband, she ought to be able to do a great deal of good for her sister women. It should never be said of her by her friends "she haa a splendid husband, yet she never helps .any of her acquaintances to get good husbands." She who is happily wedded shouldn't insult the Intelligence of her young women frlends,by declaring that there's any amount of single men her husDand knows, but there isn't one among the lot she'd care to introduce an intimate girl friend to. She has a ready answer if this one or that one is mentioned,, declaring this one couldn't support a wife, that one don t want any but a wealthy girl, who had an indulgent, liberal father. Another wouldn't marry any one but an orphan, he has a fear of a mother-in-law. It's rather discour aging to single women to hear the woman who has a husband pile up objections to. get out of helping others to happiness. It is the duty of the married woman to help wedlock on. She should hot forget the days when she was single, looking around to dis cern if she could find the mate who was in store for her. She who has found a good husband should. think kindly of all men for his sake. is making an Inroad into bis ! tions. If he goes out of his r tn, make fcimwlf agreeable to her folks 1 to gain her pocd will, he has a frow I In foudr.e? for the girl. If it wor ries him to see her entertaioing other youug men and the desire is strongly within him to fight a duel with them, his heart may be said to be scorched ulth the tender passion. If he com niecces to take notice of the hind of nieu who are lucky enough to win brid-s, he may be said" to be "in the, notion." if he goes among tb mar ried men he knows antl lead6 the con versation around to the amount of money usually required to start housekeeping, his mind is steadying itself to take the plunge. If all that his relatives and friends say to him against a certain girl proves to be of no avail, but. on the contrary, causes him to be obstinate and the young lady's defender, even though it b against those nearest and dearest tr him, Cupid's first arrow has winged him. If he arrives at the conclusion! that 6he is the sweetest, dear-st girl the wide worM holds, and the truth forces Itself upon him. that life would be nothing to him without her that her Yes would be to him heaven and her No a living death, he may bo thor oughly said to be entangled in love's silken skein. When the realization of his happy plight comes to him. he should listens to the voice of his heart, asking of her the all important question with out delay. It's no use in trying to fight off true love. Like the whoop ing cough or measlps it should ran Its full course, if happy results are to be expected. When a man is In love, marriage Is the only means for keep ing the rose in his heart forever In bloom. BREAKING OLD IDOLS "Oh, inexpressible as pweet I-ove takes my voice away. I cannot tell the? when we meet What most I long io say." ARE YOU IN LOVE? "So you think you love me, do you? Well, It may be so; ' But there are many ways, of loving 1 have learnt to know; Many ways, and but one truo way, Which Is very rare; 'A nd the counter fnits look brightest, Though they will not wear." intrndnplnfif mnrnr vnhtf thv am the railway and the fihiDDine comijaiiies. A single " ideas habits and macnerB. of-their own. Consequently the luxury of today has train deluxe,' with Us crew ofchefs, barbers and ladies maids, wastes more " little "in common with the luxury of 50 years ago. It spends its money in:ni6're money 'in the course of a year than the most extravagant millionaire, inere - selfish and ostentatious ways. , Enfold-more luxury on the latest Atlantic liners than will be found in any Instead of the manor house, with its crowd of hereditary retainers.- we half dozen-palaces in the country. - have now the fashionable hotel, with, its army of liveried waiters and chauf- From a carefiri comparison of the proportions of available income spent feurs W K Lawson writes in the London Morning Post. In 14 of these eetab- . on superfluities, the workingu.an will "Onetimes come out higher than many lishments there was spent last year 2,682,000-nearly two and three-quarter dukes. His glass of beer, his tobacco, his little bets, his evening paper, hia nllllons sterling This is the essence of present day luxury, end those who picture shows,' his football matches, his seaside trips and his other extras eat 'naider it extravagant may console themselves with the thought that foreign-' up a farge percentage of the weekly wage, even of a well-to-do artisan. No ers contributed much more to it than British bora prodigals. Our American oneVudge nlw either his comforts or his recreations, but at the same time visitors boast very truly that we have them to thank for these sybarite: it-cant.ot be-ignored that they form a large item in the. sum total of our iiravfLnaariesy -They cal4or them and have aUlung-bee. their chief sup- . national outlay oft superfluities. , , , nnrCs Switliout Question most' extravagant charges'. " V - ' Another-significant feature of modern luxury Is to he found n the fact P ,r ;ti,r wayi tile Americans have been the pioneers pf modern luxury.;. An '.that, the leading - millionaires of the day are the. reverse of extravagant inn,, which is now going on in' the United-States as to the annual expend! Neither haVe they made their millions by pandering to the luxurious tastes of nr or Imerican tourists in Europe indicates that it is little, if any. short of the rich,' Nearly all of tftetn cater specially for the working and the middle t"nn n 0 000 or 40 000,000. CiV Canadian, Australian. French. Oermatv'and classes. They are purveyors of beer, cocoa, soap, patent-medicines and very other foreign visitors are also free spenders, so much so that minister to" light literature to the multitude. If our, i be an extravagant age Its extrav tl J? luxurious isites become one of the most profitable of London's Wdus- agance has at least the redeeming quality ot being democratic. Free living -.S. OeVther hand, the corresponding cU more, widespread han it Is today From cabinet ministers to ili .rending less rather than more on themselves than they used to do. -They 0Clallst lecturers there are all degrees and shades of It. A woman is pleased to admit the fact that, Cupid has knocked at her heart found her in a responsive mood. But most men, if asked the point blank question, "Are you In love?" will deny the soft, impeach ment. They try to be honest' with themselves and with those who would know, their heart's secrets. They really wish they could convince them selves one way or the other. Few people are shrewd enough to recog nize Cupid, , if, perchance, the rogue hides his bow and arrow beneath his coat as he approaches. Most men wish from the bottom of their hearts there was some sort of book or pamphlet printed, giving the informa tion. "How a man may bo sure he is in love;" Though he knew there was such a valuable guide, ho would hesitate about calling for it at a book store. If there was a young and pretty woman behind the counter, who would be apt to make sport of. the would-bo purchaser of tho book, he would bo sure to back out tho dooi in the ut most embarrassment. A, mate clerk might turn his head away to avoid confusing ' him. The editor of the heart column seems to b his only refuge. There (he reads the follow ing: , . i If a man's mind runs constantly on one particular girl and he finds the evenings monotonous which are not. passed in her society he is deeply in terested in her. If the thought conies tp him every time he reads a pretty little love poem In the paper that he would like her to see it and he sends It to her, she i It is easy to surround oneself with friends, believing them to be con genial. But it is quite another mat ter to break away from them after their faults have become known to us. They have turned themselves about our everyday lives, 'clinging so tenaciously that there is no shaking them off. A woman becomes acquainted withi a man. He is chatty, breezy, has a fund of wit and humor at his tongue's end; is well versed in the art of in gratiating himself into the favor of the fair sex. She sees only the gilded, polished side of him. He proposes marriage on an all-too-short acquaint ance. She listens to his eloquent pleadings and marries him. He boldly suggests they might as well live with her father for the time being. If it is the first daughter he has married off her parent is delight ed. They are given the best room la the house and waited on hand and. foot. TJwtt are men., wise enoughjo . profit by the. good fortune showered upon themv Others cannot stand pros perity. If wedlock opens a door to quick wealth it's "come easy, go easy" with many. . It is when the young wife begins to expostulate wilti her husband that she finds his pro testations of undying love are but a. sham. Heaven pity the woman who has the knowledge forced upon her that she has been - wedded not .for love! All goes as merry as . a marriage- bell until father-in-law shuts down: upon him. When cash Is not forth coming and his runs low the man's-' truo character is revealed to the wife--Dissembling affection which cloaked his real sentiment drops from him. She finds him, angry, tyrannical. ' abusive. - ' Love is a tender plant. It cannot bloom, and live in cold and chill. The idol which she had erahrined in her heart is thrown from is pedestal; Ilea in fragments at her feet; There are some affections whichi can be patched up, though they are almost torn in shreds. When a man weds for, any other reason save 1ot the union never turns out well. It Is a case of a broken staff sooner or later for the wife. When a woman finds this state of affairs the question arises In her heart: Ought she to drag out a miserable existence, deceive the world into be- Hevlng Bhe is a loved and happy wife. ' when they are farther apart than strangers? Where one woman would be justified in clinging to the broken spar of her hopes, for her children sake, another wife, who has no little loves that might be crushed by her action, would feel that it was wisest , and best to sweep out the fragments of the broken Idol and take up life anew. This is one of the instances in which marriage can become a failure though entered into under the bright est of auspices. There are some women who, un wisely, lose all interest in life whs their idols are shattered. Others como out of love's cruclblo like refined gold, refusing tp lose their grasp on life's happiness. They school themselves to bo onco more their bright selves. No heart, no matter how severely it has suffered from a broken lovo drean should give way to sorrow. It should aim to draw a curtain between ItselC and tho past through which It cannot: glance backward. Better coax a smile to the lips. Faith In mankind should, not be lost nor should one mistrust the many for the faults of one. Much happiness might come the way of the woman who keeps her heart and hopes up. If a wife Is de termined that a man should do right, and will countenance nothing elwj. husbands who have gone a long wart on the wrong path have been knows to repent and to turn over a newi leaf. . ' t '. . . it,. . v