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POLK COUNTY XEWSC.AZETTR KENTON. TENNESSEE.
1 M1 EM1E raw nww OLUMES have been written laud ing the courage or endurance of the American army that braved the winter of 1777-78 at Valley Forge. Monuments have been erected to the memory of men and officers. The site of the camp has been reserved by the state of Pennsylvania, and con verted Into a memorial park, but the women who shared the dan gers and suffering with them, who nobly nurse'd the sick, fed the starving and clothed the naked, are left unrecognized. There are no public records of them, eveu their quarters that had been the shelter of the needy, the stage of the Conway cabal (that was lone of the remarkable and dramatic incidents of the war), the cradle of the first aid to the in jured, and the setting for a love affair of one of 'the first presidents of the United States, was not Included in the state reservation and taken Tinder its protection, but is fast falling into decay, to the shame and dishonor of the guardians who are neglecting one of the two houses at Valley Forge that are historically noteworthy, and for a puerile reason unworthy of a great common wealth. This little fanner's house was the headquarters jof Major General Lord Stirling, one of the most (gallant and loyal American soldiers. Born and bred in New York, he had inherited a title from his Scotch ancestors, just at the breaking out of the Revolution. He had served as major and aide-de-camp to General Shirley at the time of Gen eral Braddock's defeat. He had been in every I battle fought against the British in New York jand New Jersey, and was General Washington's I most trusted general, as is proved by the numer ous letters still preserved in the New York His torical society. The headquarters of this gentle man was shared by his brave wife and daughter, who abandoned their beautiful home at Basking jridge on the hills of New Jersey, and with the men contended with the discomforts and trials iOf the celebrated winter spetv. n the wind-swept valley on the outskirts of civilization as bravely as any soldier, officer or general. To these heroines of Valley Forge no history (points, no cenotaphs are raised, even their deeds (are only traditional and crystallized in the memo Irles of a few lovers of bravery, self-sacrifice and (feminine devotion. ' It was early in the season when it was decided to camp near Philadelphia, and the army under 'General Washington was collected at Valley Forge, when Lord Stirling wrote to his wife en treating her to Join him there, as hia duties de tained him with his men, but he had been prom jised comfortable quarters, and he had no Idea of the smallness of the house and its numerous dis comforts. For it was a great demand to make of the delicately nurtured women, who had been reared at the luxurious Livingston manor house, 5a the iludson river, or in 'Mr. Livingston's com fortable house in New York. But Lady Stirling iwisely determined mai ner piaca wa uy (husband's side, so with a full tstaff of servants (for she foresaw the demands that would be (made on her hospitality) she and her daughter, 'Catherine, started in the great family coach, jdrawn by four gray horses, for the long drive (over the Jersey hills to Pennsylvania. When they reached their destination they found a small farmer's cottage had been assigned to iLord Stirling for his quarters. It was the Ifarthest house from General Washington's head quarters, under a hillside and near a creek. It 'was a damp and lonely spot, and quite inadequate tor the accommodation of family and servants. But with unfailing good humor and the capability of splendid housewives, the ladies coped with the situation and made the house ready for win ter They filled long flannel bags with earth and .placed them against the door sills and the loose ly fitting sashes to keep out the wind, so the .house could be more readily kept warm. They pasted muslin on the walls and hung curtains before the windows for the same purpose. Then they sent to Basklngridge for many loads of hickory wood before the roads became choked , with snow, for fuel was scarce, and the soldiers .requisitioned all that there was to be found in rthe neighborhood. General Washington welcomed them gladly and at once requested that they would assist him to entertain the various people who daily visited the camp, either for political purposes, business or curiosity. Lady Stirling's household was composed of her husband and his aide, Dr. Enoch Edwards, whose name will be recognized by many of his descend ants' 'in Philadelphia today. Then there was Lady Kitty and her friend, Miss Nanny Browne. the orphaned granddaughter of Governor Brock hoist and these dames may well be called the heroines of Valley Forge, although their minlster lngs and sufferings found no recognition in the man-written chronicles of that fearsome winter. Christmas passed sadly with little merrymaking or good cheer, and daily the sufferings of the 111 t:lad badly-housed soldiers wero forced on the attention of the women, for the reports of the medical men became more and more distressing. There were no comfortable hospitals, trained nurses or even necessary clothing, bandages and lint for the poor fellows. Lady Stirling and her daughter were no strangers to the sick room; both were capable nurses and had learned from an old Indian woman many salves and remedies made from herbs or simples, not the least of which was the celebrated Seneca oil. St. John? wort lotion and rattlesnake grease, all of which they had provided themselves with before leaving home Without hesitation these brave women arranged a division M work among them, for it fell entirely on theii' individual efforts, since the whole country was overburdened and there was no relief to be obtained from an organized san Ury commission or red cross association. Quiet It and unostentatiously the three ladles divided L work among them to do what was possible to alleviate the Increasing horrors about them. To Lady Kitty was assigned a dally visit to the camp? yhlle the delicate Miss Nanny sewed or JT6 11 W y a n scraped lint at the fire side, and the head of the house superintend ed the food department and the rations to be doled out every morn ing. The labor of Mal vina, the old turbaned black cook, were dou bled. She was not only called upon to provide delicate repasts for Le Marquis de . Lafayette and Major James Mon roe, Generals Knox and Greene, with many oth er distinguished vis itors, who crowded around Lady Stirling's hospitable table, but a huge soup kettle was hung over the logs in an improvised kitchen, and from the day it was started until the camp was broken, great pails of nourishing soup were freely given to the famishing soldiers who called at the house for food. Every week vegetables, poultry, mutton, etc.. were brought to Valley Forge by the general's own people, either from his farm eight miles from Morristown, N. J., or from the Livingston manor house, for our heroes of the Revolution had to supply their own rations, and this one lu particular, who raised a regiment and equipped it at his own expense, was never repaid for food, or services, by an ungrateful country. Daily Lady Kitty would sally to the camp with a basket filled with goodies on her arm, followed by a servant laden with clothing for the soldiers. It was a long, cold walk from her home to the camp, but the young girl braved it in spite of snow and storm. The doors of hut after hut would be gently knocked at and the inmates ques tioned as to their most pressing needs. No one can imagine what a blessing these visits were to the suffering men. There was hardly one who was not afflicted with frostbites, and for these Lady Kitty had a sovereign cure learned from the old squaw. This, with other remedies drawn from the handy reticule, were lavishly given with many a cheery word or laugh at the traveling drug shop. The baskets containing delicacies for the very sick were soon emptied and besides many a man's heart was made glad by the gift of a warm worsted comforter for his neck or a pair of knitted stockings or mittens. Then there were underclothes made from the fleece of the sheep raised on the Jersey hills, the wool having been spun in tenants' houses and woven on the looms that groaned and creaked unceasingly. This was the work of the women who stayed at home, while the men folk struggled with the horrors of army life. The fingers of the women of the day were never idle. We are told on page 417 of Mr. Irving's "Life of General Washington,"' that his wife, "set an example to lady visitors by diligent ly plying her needles knitting stockings for poor, destitute soldiers." And, indeed, women's busy needles clicked far into the night, even when frugal housewives only permitted the blaze of the fire to light the rooms, for candles were luxu ries In those days, although they were home made, and these self-sacrificing women denied themselves every comfort they could, In hopes of being able to relieve the needs of the soldiers, and many a candle that had been made in the family kitchen, and perhaps from bayberries picked by delicate fingers, found its way to the Huts of the men. Most of these were illiterate fellows who had obeyed the call to arms, leaving their families in distant parts of the country. "Lady Comforter," as she was called by the men, would ask each one about his life, and suggest that she would write letters to his home-bound family or friends. Pen, Ink and paper would be whipped from the great reticule hanging by her side, and a dictation taken down, which must have given pleasure and hope at many a desolate fireside. The ladles were cheered in their benevo lent work In the camp by the commendations of the commander-in-chief, who could not be suffi ciently grateful for these ministrations. The young aide-de-camp, James Monroe (who was recruiting his strength after a severe wound received during a late battle) was detailed to accompany the young lady on her dally rounds, to report officially on the condition of the men. This duty was not uncongenial to the young Vir ginian and the one bright spot In the dark dayB of suffering for the men In camp was watching the courtship of their future president, and his engagement to Miss Nanny Browne was soon duly announced and hurried arrangements made for a wedding In the spring at the home of her aunt, Mns. Van Home. She could not have asked ' General Washington ad- vice On the subject of her marriage, or she would have been saved much misery and mortification. It is said that when Nelly Custls announced her engagement the general said: "Question yourself. Is he a man of sense? For be assured a sensible woman can never be happy v-ith a fool." James Monroe was no fool, .blife&?fd of tnif romantic courtship is another stot?, It is more than probable that a steady supply of food and clothing reached the camp from many of the nearby places, for it is certain that Carlisle had a number of women, headed by Mrs. John Armstrong, who employed every leisure moment knitting stockings or scraping lint for the sol diers. This lady was born in Ireland and had married an Irishman, but was devoted to her adopted country and countrymen. There were other Pennsylvania women who sacrificed lime and comfort for the brave defenders. Mrs. John Bull was approached by Lord Howe, who tried to bribe her to induce her husband to join the Eng lish army and desert his command as colonel of the First Pennsylvania, but she proudly refused. Her descendants doubtless would be proud to read the unpublished history preserved by the writer. Mrs. Mifflin (Sarah Morris) sent stockings of her own making to be distributed among the sol diers, writing: "In this way do I throw In, my mite to the public good. I know this that as' free I can die but once, but as a slave I shall not be worthy of life, and I have the pleasure to assure you that these are the sentiments of my sister Americans." Those women who could do so visited the camp, and Mrs. Andrew Porter (Elizabeth Parker) rode there on horseback, to see her husband, who had boasted proudly that he never wore a-garment not made by his wife. A story is told of him that at a dinner at Valley Forge General Knox said to him: "Porter, how does it happen that you look so genteel while the rest of us are in rags, although you receive no better pay than we?" To this Captain Porter replied: "My wife took this coat apart and turned it inside out, so you see it now as good as new," and then went on to relate how she had visited him but had lost her way, when she met a gentleman out of uniform, of whom she asked directions. The officer tightened the girths of her saddle and admired her horse, which, Mrs. Porter proudly declared, was home bred. Then walking beside the rider, the person conducted the lady to her husband's quarters, raised his hat and strolled away. After a warm welcome. Captain Porter said: "Well, my lady, you came Into camp highly es corted by the commander-in-chief." Lady Kitty had a love affair of her own on hand during the dark days at Valley Forge, which, culminated in 1799 by her marriage to Col. Wil liam Duer, when General Washington gave the bride away, for he felt that no honor was too groat to be lavished on the heroine of Valley Forge. WHY NOT? Mrs. Flatte I see that 21 women are employed as railway brakemen and 10 aa baggagemen In the United States. Mr. Flatte Well, I see no reason why women shouldn't brake and smash things as well as men. THE CAUSE. "I looked at the man and saw his face grow darker and darker." "What was the matter with him?" "He was blacking up for a minstrel show." Minding ti Doctor. "It Ua l Strang thdt Bob HMiard shouli have won th heart and hand of a girl with three millions, for Bob. despite his year, is the handsomest and nitwit elegant creature going." The spvakt?r. a dramatic critic of Chicago, smiled and continued: "The last tima Bob acted here I met him one morning promenading. And he was superb top hat. stick, black morning coat. spaU fitting without a wrinkle, and one of those cigarette tubas that had just come out. a tube of gold and amber, a foot long, or pos sibly 18 Inches. "Aa we chatted, and aa he smoked hla Egyptian cigarette through this extraordinary tube. I aald to him: "Why on earth. Bob. do you use such a long cigarette tube aa that?" " "My doctor has ordered me.' he re plied, 'to keep away from tobacco.' " The Reason. "Why Is it that young Rounder is uch a slow pay?" "Because he Is so fast." The shoe salesman should look out for slippery customers. Beans Delicious - Nutritious Plump and nut-lik in flavor, thoroughly cooked with choice pork. Prepared Am Libby way, nothing can be more appe tiling and satisfying , nor of greater food vuus. Put up with or without tomato itucs. An excellent dish served either hot or cold. Intitt mn Libby 't Libby, McNeill - & Libby, ' Chicago Mi. "I my . man r u wiwi i iiiii.iihii..- ..JHI", lftiB'1 "' '" "'MLJJIJ-J'""'"" Don't Poison Baby. FORTY YEARS AGO almost every mother thousrht her child must have PAREGORIC or laudanum to make it Bleep. These drugs will produce Bleep and a FEW DROPS TOO MANY will produce the SLEEP FROM WHICH THERE IS NO WAKING. Many are the children who have been killed or whose health has been ruined for life by jiarcgoric, lauda num and morphine, each of which is a narcotic product of opium. Druggists are orohibited from selling either of the narcotics named to children at all, or to anybody without labelling them " poison." The definition of " narcotic la medicine which relieves jxnn and products sleep, but which n poison ous doses produces stupor, coma, convulsions and death." The taste and smell of medicines containing opium are duuised, and sold under the names of " Drops." " Cordials," " Soothing Syrups," etc. You should not permit any medicine to be given to your children without you or your physician know PASTORIA DOES NOT CONTAIN NARCOTICS, if it bears the signature -.0 of Chas. II. Fletcher. ' mfS jCrtrT-f-,, Genuine Castoria always bears the signature Ql-ruZTy. J-UCUtA . ! i i .in- ! ... Hi. - -a. .r.,.T - . Lots of colors don't harmonize. For instance, red liquor shouldn't be used for tho blues. No. SIX-SIXTY-SIX " This is a prescription prepared es pecially for Malaria or Chills and Fever. Five or six doses will break any case, and if taken then as a tonio the fever will not return. 25c Adv. Valuable Information. A happy couple were on their way to Scotland. They had to change trains at Carlisle, and an obliging por ter, while struggling with tbe lug gage, noticed that the young lady's hair was dotted with rice. He ap proached the young man and, pulling a folded paper from his pocket, said: "A present for you, sir, with the company's compliments." "Indeed," said the traveler; what is it?" "A railway map, sir " "Oh. thank you; but what are these marks in blue pencil?" "That's the beauty of it, sir; tnose marks show where the tunnels are and 'their length." London Tit-Bits. No, Not Half Bad. "The Women We Marry arid Other Fictions." Newspaper Headline. Not Bad. Chicago Tribune. Too Late.- On an Atlantic City pier, gazing aartlv out over the blue water, a vet eran nf the Civil war talked about the late General Sickles. "A good man," he said, "a brave man. hut a most tneatncai oho. the black tragedy of his youth, he was kind to his wife, but sometmng marred, something vitiated his kind- pss I think it was theatricalism and the poor young woman died two years after ho took her back. "Once, at an army reunion, I heard Sickles rebuke a man who was run ning down wives and marriages. Sickles said with a queer smile, a significant smile, perhaps: "Ah, Jim, the trouble with the average married man 'is lhat he doesn't know what a jewel his wife is till he comes to put her in a casket.' " Grandmother Didn't Know A good cook? Certainly, but she couldn't have cooked the Indian Corn, rolled and toasted it to a crisp brown, wafer thin flakes, as we do in preparing Post Toasties They are delicious with cream or milk, or sprinkled over fresh fruit or berries. From the first cooking of the corn until the sealed, air tight packages of delicately toasted flakes are delivered to you, Post Toasties are never touched by human hand. Grandmother, would have liked Post Toasties sold by Grocers. HOW TO CURE ECZEMA, ITCH AND ALL SKIN DISEASES Don't suffer any longer with eczema or any other skin trouble. Just apply Hancock's Sulphur Compound to the parts affected and it will stop the itch ing at once and cure the trouble fer manently. Many sufferers from skin troubles have written us that the Sul phur Compound cured them after everything else failed. Mrs. Evelyn Garst. of Salem, Va., writes: "Three years ago I had a rough place on my cheek. It would burn and itch. I waa fearful it might be of cancerous na ture. I used different preparations, but nothing helped It. One bottle of Hancock's Sulphur Compound cured me completely." To beautify the com plexion, remove blackheads and pimples use Hancocks's Sulphur Oint ment. For sale by all dealers. Adv. Swallowing his pride never yet sat isfied a man's hunger. Acid Stomach, heartburn and nausea quickly disappear withhe use of Wright's Indian Vegetable Fills. Send for trial box to 37 Pearl St., New York. Adv. When a girl is a belle she natu rally wants to be tolled so.' Hotel Cumberland New York Broadway at 54th Street Near 50th St Subway and 53rd St Elevated m 3 I JaBtniiii Broidwtr ear from Grand Central Depot 7th Ave. can fro n Peon 'a Statioa Haw and rireprael Strirtly Firtt-Claai RltM Kcaaonabl $2.50 With Bath and up Send for Booklet 10 Miautee Walkt 40 Tbeatraa H. P. STI MSON Formerly With Hotel Imperial DAISY FLY KILLER fiS? Si 11h. at, iliu, or. D.tU.nUI. CODTDlnt chMD. Lull all Mtioi. Mad of miUI, can'tapl II or tl p orert will not anil or Injure anything. Uuarantrad effective. All dealer oreeent eiprxa paid for (LOU. HAROLD BOUSKI, 100 DaCalR Ara., Brooklyn, H. I. WANTED AGE NT Wanted a reliable agent for your county lo sell Family Medicines, Stock and Poultry Powders, Toilet articles, Perfumes, Extracts. You to iurnish team and wagon. Address Dr. W. A. Verdier, Atlanta, Ga. SHinqtcs, Spanish "Tiles (ViaVTHINO IN IHIir MTl eUHOINd MATlIAl M...,..i.uim KST THAT MONIY CAN iUV 1-1 1. KM CLKKI AT HOME. Summer'! Ptl Cure Never f alls. Write or eend II tnr guar aoleed cure. A Hummer. K.&, Tburoeetom, ua 1 'A I ! . S4 'I i.