OCR Interpretation

Polk County news-gazette. (Benton, Tenn.) 190?-191?, June 25, 1914, Image 6

Image and text provided by University of Tennessee

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88061288/1914-06-25/ed-1/seq-6/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

raw nww
OLUMES have been written laud
ing the courage or endurance of
the American army that braved
the winter of 1777-78 at Valley
Forge. Monuments have been
erected to the memory of men
and officers. The site of the
camp has been reserved by the
state of Pennsylvania, and con
verted Into a memorial park, but
the women who shared the dan
gers and suffering with them, who
nobly nurse'd the sick, fed the
starving and clothed the naked,
are left unrecognized. There are
no public records of them, eveu
their quarters that had been the shelter of the
needy, the stage of the Conway cabal (that was
lone of the remarkable and dramatic incidents of
the war), the cradle of the first aid to the in
jured, and the setting for a love affair of one of
'the first presidents of the United States, was
not Included in the state reservation and taken
Tinder its protection, but is fast falling into decay,
to the shame and dishonor of the guardians who
are neglecting one of the two houses at Valley
Forge that are historically noteworthy, and for a
puerile reason unworthy of a great common
wealth. This little fanner's house was the headquarters
jof Major General Lord Stirling, one of the most
(gallant and loyal American soldiers. Born and
bred in New York, he had inherited a title from
his Scotch ancestors, just at the breaking out of
the Revolution. He had served as major and aide-de-camp
to General Shirley at the time of Gen
eral Braddock's defeat. He had been in every
I battle fought against the British in New York
jand New Jersey, and was General Washington's
I most trusted general, as is proved by the numer
ous letters still preserved in the New York His
torical society. The headquarters of this gentle
man was shared by his brave wife and daughter,
who abandoned their beautiful home at Basking
jridge on the hills of New Jersey, and with the
men contended with the discomforts and trials
iOf the celebrated winter spetv. n the wind-swept
valley on the outskirts of civilization as bravely
as any soldier, officer or general.
To these heroines of Valley Forge no history
(points, no cenotaphs are raised, even their deeds
(are only traditional and crystallized in the memo
Irles of a few lovers of bravery, self-sacrifice and
(feminine devotion.
' It was early in the season when it was decided
to camp near Philadelphia, and the army under
'General Washington was collected at Valley
Forge, when Lord Stirling wrote to his wife en
treating her to Join him there, as hia duties de
tained him with his men, but he had been prom
jised comfortable quarters, and he had no Idea of
the smallness of the house and its numerous dis
comforts. For it was a great demand to make
of the delicately nurtured women, who had been
reared at the luxurious Livingston manor house,
5a the iludson river, or in 'Mr. Livingston's com
fortable house in New York. But Lady Stirling
iwisely determined mai ner piaca wa uy
(husband's side, so with a full tstaff of servants
(for she foresaw the demands that would be
(made on her hospitality) she and her daughter,
'Catherine, started in the great family coach,
jdrawn by four gray horses, for the long drive
(over the Jersey hills to Pennsylvania.
When they reached their destination they found
a small farmer's cottage had been assigned to
iLord Stirling for his quarters. It was the
Ifarthest house from General Washington's head
quarters, under a hillside and near a creek. It
'was a damp and lonely spot, and quite inadequate
tor the accommodation of family and servants.
But with unfailing good humor and the capability
of splendid housewives, the ladies coped with
the situation and made the house ready for win
ter They filled long flannel bags with earth and
.placed them against the door sills and the loose
ly fitting sashes to keep out the wind, so the
.house could be more readily kept warm. They
pasted muslin on the walls and hung curtains
before the windows for the same purpose. Then
they sent to Basklngridge for many loads of
hickory wood before the roads became choked ,
with snow, for fuel was scarce, and the soldiers
.requisitioned all that there was to be found in
rthe neighborhood.
General Washington welcomed them gladly and
at once requested that they would assist him to
entertain the various people who daily visited
the camp, either for political purposes, business
or curiosity.
Lady Stirling's household was composed of her
husband and his aide, Dr. Enoch Edwards, whose
name will be recognized by many of his descend
ants' 'in Philadelphia today. Then there was
Lady Kitty and her friend, Miss Nanny Browne.
the orphaned granddaughter of Governor Brock
hoist and these dames may well be called the
heroines of Valley Forge, although their minlster
lngs and sufferings found no recognition in the
man-written chronicles of that fearsome winter.
Christmas passed sadly with little merrymaking
or good cheer, and daily the sufferings of the 111
t:lad badly-housed soldiers wero forced on the
attention of the women, for the reports of the
medical men became more and more distressing.
There were no comfortable hospitals, trained
nurses or even necessary clothing, bandages and
lint for the poor fellows. Lady Stirling and her
daughter were no strangers to the sick room;
both were capable nurses and had learned from
an old Indian woman many salves and remedies
made from herbs or simples, not the least of
which was the celebrated Seneca oil. St. John?
wort lotion and rattlesnake grease, all of which
they had provided themselves with before leaving
home Without hesitation these brave women
arranged a division M work among them, for it
fell entirely on theii' individual efforts, since the
whole country was overburdened and there was
no relief to be obtained from an organized san
Ury commission or red cross association. Quiet
It and unostentatiously the three ladles divided
L work among them to do what was possible
to alleviate the Increasing horrors about them.
To Lady Kitty was assigned a dally visit to the
camp? yhlle the delicate Miss Nanny sewed or
y a n
scraped lint at the fire
side, and the head of
the house superintend
ed the food department
and the rations to be
doled out every morn
ing. The labor of Mal
vina, the old turbaned
black cook, were dou
bled. She was not only
called upon to provide
delicate repasts for Le
Marquis de . Lafayette
and Major James Mon
roe, Generals Knox and
Greene, with many oth
er distinguished vis
itors, who crowded
around Lady Stirling's
hospitable table, but a
huge soup kettle was
hung over the logs in
an improvised kitchen,
and from the day it was
started until the camp
was broken, great pails
of nourishing soup
were freely given to
the famishing soldiers who called at the house
for food.
Every week vegetables, poultry, mutton, etc..
were brought to Valley Forge by the general's
own people, either from his farm eight miles
from Morristown, N. J., or from the Livingston
manor house, for our heroes of the Revolution
had to supply their own rations, and this one lu
particular, who raised a regiment and equipped
it at his own expense, was never repaid for food,
or services, by an ungrateful country.
Daily Lady Kitty would sally to the camp with
a basket filled with goodies on her arm, followed
by a servant laden with clothing for the soldiers.
It was a long, cold walk from her home to the
camp, but the young girl braved it in spite of
snow and storm. The doors of hut after hut
would be gently knocked at and the inmates ques
tioned as to their most pressing needs. No one
can imagine what a blessing these visits were to
the suffering men. There was hardly one who
was not afflicted with frostbites, and for these
Lady Kitty had a sovereign cure learned from the
old squaw. This, with other remedies drawn
from the handy reticule, were lavishly given with
many a cheery word or laugh at the traveling
drug shop. The baskets containing delicacies for
the very sick were soon emptied and besides
many a man's heart was made glad by the gift
of a warm worsted comforter for his neck or a
pair of knitted stockings or mittens. Then there
were underclothes made from the fleece of the
sheep raised on the Jersey hills, the wool having
been spun in tenants' houses and woven on the
looms that groaned and creaked unceasingly.
This was the work of the women who stayed at
home, while the men folk struggled with the
horrors of army life.
The fingers of the women of the day were
never idle. We are told on page 417 of Mr.
Irving's "Life of General Washington,"' that his
wife, "set an example to lady visitors by diligent
ly plying her needles knitting stockings for poor,
destitute soldiers." And, indeed, women's busy
needles clicked far into the night, even when
frugal housewives only permitted the blaze of
the fire to light the rooms, for candles were luxu
ries In those days, although they were home
made, and these self-sacrificing women denied
themselves every comfort they could, In hopes of
being able to relieve the needs of the soldiers,
and many a candle that had been made in the
family kitchen, and perhaps from bayberries
picked by delicate fingers, found its way to the
Huts of the men. Most of these were illiterate
fellows who had obeyed the call to arms, leaving
their families in distant parts of the country.
"Lady Comforter," as she was called by the men,
would ask each one about his life, and suggest
that she would write letters to his home-bound
family or friends. Pen, Ink and paper would be
whipped from the great reticule hanging by her
side, and a dictation taken down, which must
have given pleasure and hope at many a desolate
fireside. The ladles were cheered in their benevo
lent work In the camp by the commendations of
the commander-in-chief, who could not be suffi
ciently grateful for these ministrations.
The young aide-de-camp, James Monroe (who
was recruiting his strength after a severe wound
received during a late battle) was detailed to
accompany the young lady on her dally rounds,
to report officially on the condition of the men.
This duty was not uncongenial to the young Vir
ginian and the one bright spot In the dark dayB
of suffering for the men In camp was watching
the courtship of their future president, and his
engagement to Miss Nanny Browne was soon
duly announced and hurried arrangements made
for a wedding In the spring at the home of her
aunt, Mns. Van Home. She could not have asked
' General Washington ad-
vice On the subject of
her marriage, or she would have been saved
much misery and mortification. It is said that
when Nelly Custls announced her engagement the
general said: "Question yourself. Is he a man
of sense? For be assured a sensible woman can
never be happy v-ith a fool." James Monroe was
no fool, .blife&?fd of tnif romantic courtship
is another stot?,
It is more than probable that a steady supply
of food and clothing reached the camp from many
of the nearby places, for it is certain that Carlisle
had a number of women, headed by Mrs. John
Armstrong, who employed every leisure moment
knitting stockings or scraping lint for the sol
diers. This lady was born in Ireland and had
married an Irishman, but was devoted to her
adopted country and countrymen. There were
other Pennsylvania women who sacrificed lime
and comfort for the brave defenders. Mrs. John
Bull was approached by Lord Howe, who tried to
bribe her to induce her husband to join the Eng
lish army and desert his command as colonel of
the First Pennsylvania, but she proudly refused.
Her descendants doubtless would be proud to
read the unpublished history preserved by the
Mrs. Mifflin (Sarah Morris) sent stockings of
her own making to be distributed among the sol
diers, writing: "In this way do I throw In, my
mite to the public good. I know this that as'
free I can die but once, but as a slave I shall
not be worthy of life, and I have the pleasure to
assure you that these are the sentiments of
my sister Americans." Those women who could
do so visited the camp, and Mrs. Andrew Porter
(Elizabeth Parker) rode there on horseback, to
see her husband, who had boasted proudly that
he never wore a-garment not made by his wife.
A story is told of him that at a dinner at Valley
Forge General Knox said to him: "Porter, how
does it happen that you look so genteel while
the rest of us are in rags, although you receive
no better pay than we?" To this Captain Porter
replied: "My wife took this coat apart and
turned it inside out, so you see it now as good
as new," and then went on to relate how she
had visited him but had lost her way, when she
met a gentleman out of uniform, of whom she
asked directions. The officer tightened the girths
of her saddle and admired her horse, which, Mrs.
Porter proudly declared, was home bred. Then
walking beside the rider, the person conducted
the lady to her husband's quarters, raised his hat
and strolled away.
After a warm welcome. Captain Porter said:
"Well, my lady, you came Into camp highly es
corted by the commander-in-chief."
Lady Kitty had a love affair of her own on
hand during the dark days at Valley Forge, which,
culminated in 1799 by her marriage to Col. Wil
liam Duer, when General Washington gave the
bride away, for he felt that no honor was too
groat to be lavished on the heroine of Valley
Mrs. Flatte I see that 21 women are employed
as railway brakemen and 10 aa baggagemen In
the United States.
Mr. Flatte Well, I see no reason why women
shouldn't brake and smash things as well as men.
"I looked at the man and saw his face grow
darker and darker."
"What was the matter with him?"
"He was blacking up for a minstrel show."
Minding ti Doctor.
"It Ua l Strang thdt Bob HMiard
shouli have won th heart and hand
of a girl with three millions, for Bob.
despite his year, is the handsomest
and nitwit elegant creature going."
The spvakt?r. a dramatic critic of
Chicago, smiled and continued:
"The last tima Bob acted here I met
him one morning promenading. And
he was superb top hat. stick, black
morning coat. spaU fitting without a
wrinkle, and one of those cigarette
tubas that had just come out. a tube
of gold and amber, a foot long, or pos
sibly 18 Inches.
"Aa we chatted, and aa he smoked
hla Egyptian cigarette through this
extraordinary tube. I aald to him:
"Why on earth. Bob. do you use such
a long cigarette tube aa that?"
" "My doctor has ordered me.' he re
plied, 'to keep away from tobacco.' "
The Reason.
"Why Is it that young Rounder is
uch a slow pay?"
"Because he Is so fast."
The shoe salesman should look out
for slippery customers.
Delicious - Nutritious
Plump and nut-lik in flavor, thoroughly
cooked with choice pork. Prepared Am
Libby way, nothing can be more appe
tiling and satisfying , nor of greater food
vuus. Put up with or without tomato
itucs. An excellent dish served either
hot or cold.
Intitt mn Libby 't
Libby, McNeill
- & Libby,
' Chicago
Mi. "I my . man r u wiwi i
iiiii.iihii..- ..JHI", lftiB'1 "' '" "'MLJJIJ-J'""'""
Don't Poison Baby.
FORTY YEARS AGO almost every mother thousrht her child must have
PAREGORIC or laudanum to make it Bleep. These drugs will produce
Bleep and a FEW DROPS TOO MANY will produce the SLEEP
FROM WHICH THERE IS NO WAKING. Many are the children who
have been killed or whose health has been ruined for life by jiarcgoric, lauda
num and morphine, each of which is a narcotic product of opium. Druggists
are orohibited from selling either of the narcotics named to children at all, or
to anybody without labelling them " poison." The definition of " narcotic
la medicine which relieves jxnn and products sleep, but which n poison
ous doses produces stupor, coma, convulsions and death." The taste and
smell of medicines containing opium are duuised, and sold under the names
of " Drops." " Cordials," " Soothing Syrups," etc. You should not permit any
medicine to be given to your children without you or your physician know
CONTAIN NARCOTICS, if it bears the signature -.0
of Chas. II. Fletcher. ' mfS jCrtrT-f-,,
Genuine Castoria always bears the signature Ql-ruZTy. J-UCUtA .
! i i .in- ! ... Hi. - -a. .r.,.T - .
Lots of colors don't harmonize. For
instance, red liquor shouldn't be used
for tho blues.
" This is a prescription prepared es
pecially for Malaria or Chills and
Fever. Five or six doses will break
any case, and if taken then as a tonio
the fever will not return. 25c Adv.
Valuable Information.
A happy couple were on their way
to Scotland. They had to change
trains at Carlisle, and an obliging por
ter, while struggling with tbe lug
gage, noticed that the young lady's
hair was dotted with rice. He ap
proached the young man and, pulling
a folded paper from his pocket, said:
"A present for you, sir, with the
company's compliments."
"Indeed," said the traveler; what is
"A railway map, sir "
"Oh. thank you; but what are these
marks in blue pencil?"
"That's the beauty of it, sir; tnose
marks show where the tunnels are
and 'their length." London Tit-Bits.
No, Not Half Bad.
"The Women We Marry arid Other
Fictions." Newspaper Headline.
Not Bad. Chicago Tribune.
Too Late.-
On an Atlantic City pier, gazing
aartlv out over the blue water, a vet
eran nf the Civil war talked about
the late General Sickles.
"A good man," he said, "a brave
man. hut a most tneatncai oho.
the black tragedy of his youth, he was
kind to his wife, but sometmng
marred, something vitiated his kind-
pss I think it was theatricalism
and the poor young woman died two
years after ho took her back.
"Once, at an army reunion, I heard
Sickles rebuke a man who was run
ning down wives and marriages.
Sickles said with a queer smile, a
significant smile, perhaps:
"Ah, Jim, the trouble with the
average married man 'is lhat he
doesn't know what a jewel his wife is
till he comes to put her in a casket.' "
Didn't Know
A good cook? Certainly,
but she couldn't have cooked
the Indian Corn, rolled and
toasted it to a crisp brown,
wafer thin flakes, as we do in
They are delicious with
cream or milk, or sprinkled
over fresh fruit or berries.
From the first cooking of
the corn until the sealed, air
tight packages of delicately
toasted flakes are delivered
to you, Post Toasties are
never touched by human
Grandmother, would have
Post Toasties
sold by Grocers.
Don't suffer any longer with eczema
or any other skin trouble. Just apply
Hancock's Sulphur Compound to the
parts affected and it will stop the itch
ing at once and cure the trouble fer
manently. Many sufferers from skin
troubles have written us that the Sul
phur Compound cured them after
everything else failed. Mrs. Evelyn
Garst. of Salem, Va., writes: "Three
years ago I had a rough place on my
cheek. It would burn and itch. I waa
fearful it might be of cancerous na
ture. I used different preparations,
but nothing helped It. One bottle of
Hancock's Sulphur Compound cured
me completely." To beautify the com
plexion, remove blackheads and
pimples use Hancocks's Sulphur Oint
ment. For sale by all dealers. Adv.
Swallowing his pride never yet sat
isfied a man's hunger.
Acid Stomach, heartburn and nausea
quickly disappear withhe use of Wright's
Indian Vegetable Fills. Send for trial
box to 37 Pearl St., New York. Adv.
When a girl is a belle she natu
rally wants to be tolled so.'
Hotel Cumberland
New York
Broadway at 54th Street
Near 50th St Subway and 53rd St Elevated
3 I
Broidwtr ear
from Grand
Central Depot
7th Ave. can
fro n
Peon 'a Statioa
Haw and
With Bath
and up
Send for
10 Miautee
40 Tbeatraa
Formerly With Hotel Imperial
11h. at, iliu, or.
D.tU.nUI. CODTDlnt
chMD. Lull all
Mtioi. Mad of
miUI, can'tapl II or tl p
orert will not anil or
Injure anything.
Uuarantrad effective.
All dealer oreeent
eiprxa paid for (LOU.
HAROLD BOUSKI, 100 DaCalR Ara., Brooklyn, H. I.
Wanted a reliable agent for your county
lo sell Family Medicines, Stock and Poultry
Powders, Toilet articles, Perfumes, Extracts.
You to iurnish team and wagon. Address
Dr. W. A. Verdier, Atlanta, Ga.
SHinqtcs, Spanish "Tiles
1-1 1. KM CLKKI AT HOME. Summer'! Ptl
Cure Never f alls. Write or eend II tnr guar
aoleed cure. A Hummer. K.&, Tburoeetom, ua
! .
'I i.

xml | txt