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POLK COUNTY NEWS-fiAZETTE. KMU.. it,.rci-
1 ' ' HI II "" ' " ' ft I Summer Rest for the Working Girls Bf MARY KENNEY O'SCULJVAM. I tUin the method of in venting -plc?ure excursions or "diversiens," o much in favor with the lui-vliari-talle vacation institutions, is a proa; mistake. Surely the irirl who has tol bo- liind a counter or worked in a factory for fifty weeks in a year, always under the ce of a "boss," thoul.l have at least the two remaining weeks of the year free from restriction or efTort of any kind, fchould be allowed to utterly relai. and slifiuUl not he called ujmn even to s-eak or smile if hhe doesn't feel like it. When the energy comes back the sir.iles w ill come ba k, and the desire for diversion will come of itself, which diversion the girls will invent and carry out as the spirit moves them, and it is of far more beuefit to them, ince it is their own spontaneous expression, than any games or excur sions planned hy a paid entertainer, and to which the girls are expected to respond and take part in a mass. een though their individual souls may Ik- longing for something entirely different. Another thing which I think is a mistaken idea is that working girK when on their vacation, must always be under the eyes of those in control of the institution. The girl, who for the sake of honesty and virtue, has worked all the year around, it seems to me, has earned the right to be trusted for two weeks, and not lie forever under the eye of a "guard' as the gills themselves eall it. These girls are made of the stuff that makes the world go round virtue and endurance. The women who toil year after vear in a world fraught with temptation on every side have proved their virtue which the women of the leisure class have not done. There are some rules, of course, that must le conformed to for the greatest benefit to the greatest number. For instance, the retiring hour should be respected by all, as a vacation is primarily for the purpose of rest, and the many should not be disturbed for the pleasure of the few who might wit.li to sit up late. I do not believe in the "charity vacation." 1 Mievc that every girl should receive sufficient wages to enable her to put by enough to pay for her own vacation and know the joy and self-respect of paying her own way. Jt should be always possible for her to obtain this at a moderate cost, to be sure, but still enough to make her feel her indeendenee. In eases where even this is not possible then there should be a public fund set aside for the purpose of giving those who labor a chance to rest and store up energy. In these days of efllciemy engineers it seems to me some ones time wovld be well spent in figuring out how to conserve the. energy of the nation, and that the money set aside in a public fund with which to give the future mothers of the race a ehance to rest and store up energy would Ik- money well spent, tins would lift, it out of the charity idea flUtf and put it on a practical basis. Power of Thought Greater Than Supposed (CATHERINE A. DR1SCOLL Milwaukee, WU. Victor Hugo said that we could center our thoughts so strongly on any one that, no matter what the separating distance, we could force that person to think of us. Mark Twain, when he ,;t.i,t in.hf.ar from friend, would sit down and write' him a letter and then destroy it,-knowing that the concentration of "thought, would force a friend either to write him or to come and see him. -"Mi i "i Ll '. t ., 7 7?,lZi s. no doubt, much greater than we understand oAppreeiate. If those in the mnermcTst circle -of our live, hold the thought that we are incapable no doubt this thought goes out and is grasped by a wider and widening circle until we are engulfed in it,.' .nt.mm of "malicious animal magnetism." The sensitive soul feels the condition, is depressed, loses courage and, no doubt, in many cases becomes a failure with success in sight, all oeeau,e 01 u.c nu ... ins- influences' WILL ORGANIZE IIITO ONE URGE 1011 First Move to Amalgamate All Employes Made. MELLEN FOR THE PRESIDENCY Former Head of New Haven Line May Be Head of Council to Include All Branches of Roadt In New England State. Boston. The first move In a cam paign for a Federated Council of Brotherhoods, which shall Include first the hundred!) of thousands of railway men of New England, then the millions of operatives of the United States and Canada, and ultimately perhaps the workers of Great Britain also, occurred at the Qulncy house here. These railroad workers are split up into more than one hundred organiza tions. None of them will be asked to abandon its present brotherhood. All of them are to be urged to join in the federation that shall give unity of in terest and a power of numbers that by themselves they do not posess. The United States federation of separate states and the federation of the Ger man states into a powerful empire are the models upon which the railway campaign is planned. The leaders of the movement are confident that when it shall be shown to be a united enterprise with the back ing of the great majority of the rail road men of New England the former president of the New Iraven railroad. Charles S. Mellen, will accept the presidency of the federated council. The men who are planning the cam paign are enthusiastic in their praise of Mr. Mellen for his cordial and fair dealings with the employes of the railway systems he has managed. They have written him about their plan, and In long replies, all in his own hand writing, he has referred to the way their proposal warms his ' blood and pulls upon his heartstrings. The originator of the plan is Earl H. Morton of Greenwood, grand president of the Order ' of Railroad Station Agents. One of its prime promoters is F. H. Sidney of the Brctherhood of Railroad Signalmen, and the field offi cer, once the movement is actually un der way, will be Harry Phillips, for- .v .vt mKt ram i road men out of mori. we advise oot to a labor federation with million, of amalgamation, but federation. Cet a Demb,r. and to n. that por be , great federation and tt -ill command neceeiary. More la detail. Mr. Sidney indicate! the split up condition of th -aiiway men today by reciting a long Hat of brotherhood of which many are large, other not o large, and others. tUl. mall, and all failing of the effective new which bigness of number and unity of action might have. Among these bodies are: The Brotherhood of Railroad Signal Men, the Brotherhood of American Sig nal Men. the Brotherhod of Station Employes (baggage handlers and the like), the Brotherhood of Railway Clerks, the Clerks Assembly of the K. of I j. in all there are said to be a dozen organizations of clerks In the United States three divisions of the Order of Railroad Station Agents, the New England Association of Round house Foremen, the New England As sociation Tor Maintenance of Way. made up of civil engineers, surveyors and the like; five bodies of trackmen, the Drawbridge Tenders' association, the International Association of Car Workers, the roundhouse helpers, the federated trades, which in some cases nuuences. - . , . . . ., - . i,v;i .nation, rrnsncd bv the sensitive soul, ,s ruinous in ,ts effect, .' .i. ,crM waves almost as readily as the spoken word, and ., 4i,l,f i l.reakinff to the spirit. Again, no doubt 1110 OVI SUggesinui l n , , i , n . i ...... l. n,.,,m,n, w hoi) IV nolilliur l lie " i""ur..i, '" I - great gooa can . r f . ..nn nll1infT lh where two or three are gathered tngeu.er ... - ;n ,n,W of the family will surely get well is. without rr "4 ; Z f,,! in the invalid. Holding the suggestive hou,ht over ri,o erne who owes us that he will and must pay us may have : , ... A.A.in, and vv 1HHV -ot Ollf l.lonOV. lift catches OUf an cieci on u- m-"."' " - ., , ,. .. , , bought ; he catches it often.uutil he gets weary of t, and Imally for his TK-ace of mind he settles the hill. i . , . -i ,i nl.t-.nc u'orl'iniT iiw.li'i that. Desire anything, keep iiesirmg it i ml and eventually one must gam one s powu. In nine ,ases out of ten the mc.nl.ers ot n jury m a g.eaL ..u ... . ...iw.- hi atu-f wi i si I I'l iiii ii" " 1 " - i '"S ' . ' i i i;it il,!, h.rv will ca1ch the. sentiment of the natter may ic n uh'ti v - Imtside public and usually will bring in a verdict in accordance with the general wish. , It is quite as necessary uiai w t Hail chek rein on our spoken expressions, for we can do mnt as much marly deputy ndoneran . ii- i c ;ih iho other. niaiinn of 1.000.000 he had wid ex- linrm wiin mc j.c e- - K . . OQ rhA perlence wiin me v.D committee on organization a.iu i I f j ruwt and influence now frittered aay. In England. ben we got the big amalgamation, even the king took notice, and the appointment of the royal commission to confer with us and ascertain our need and vijes, U well remembered. "Through the cooperation of all par tie In England we were able to pot funds Into the enterprise which made a great amount available for emergency purposes. For eiample, we mere able to support a commissariat, and at one clip we sent three shiploads of food to some strikers Such things may not come here for a long time, if at all. be cause your men have not really suf fered, as yet. But the trade unions over there withdrew their moneys from the sinking funds and put them into this co-operative movement. "There a,-e plenty of level-headed and able men in the workers' ranks and It's goad business to get them rep resented, not by men of another class with education and influence and out of philanthropic Interest, but by mem bers of their own number, on the boards of railway directors. 1 would have such a representative on the New Maven directorate, the Boston & Maine dire torate. the New York Central di rectorate, the Pennsylvania, and soon." Charles W. Eliot. Charles S. Mellen. have men in more than fifty occupa tions, and organizations of boiler ma kers, machinists, blacksmiths, elec trical workers, freight house foremen, freight handlers of whom there are two organizations, the one linked with the K. of L. and the other with the A. F. of L. and the Switchmen's Union of North America. Nor Is this a complete list. But the list is long enough to show the text upon which the whole appeal and argu ment are based. Each body was represented in the council by four delegates. Mr. Mellen, in his letters to Mr. Sid ney, said: "It is a great scheme. I fear you are too enthusiastic, about myself tn connection with it. I am glad the enough to lead them. I like to be well thought of by my old associates." And he went on to intimate that possibly his association for 20 years with the capitalistic side of the railway enter prise might prejudice some against him. Both Mr. Phillips and Mr. Sidney talk enthusiastically of what Mr. Mel len did when in the New Haven man agement, a thing, said the English or ganizer, that he had never heard of be fore. "He used to meet his employes in conference at a morning hour and his board of directors at an afternoon hour, and discuss the same problems with both bodies." Just there conies in the suggestion for the employes to have a represen tative upon the board of directors. "Why not have them meet at one and the same time, either morning or af ternoon, and talk ovfer the matters face to face?" asks Mr. Phillips. In explaining how he comes to be identified with this movement and his conception of the ends In view, he said: "In England we have an amalgama tion into one great railroad union of more than nine-tenths of the railway employes of the country. When the men caught on to the idea they flocked to Join it at the rate of 3,000 a week. It is not an amalgamation for strike pur poses. It's like a nation which wants peace. "In this country, where there are said to be nearly fifty thousand rail Aid . Movement to Protect Useful Birds By A. T. WESTON, RligH. N. C If ilio fuiI n ml minTfliorv- ta mH nn of W. R. Pratt of Val- bird law is unconstitutional pole. L. B. Twitchell of East Brabree tfHI A.J rlvt7rriPnt C II then Mill i X , niuviiivi - II rel ol w,-'l,"lo Jll r- 1 T f 1 D J- II river pollution control, fish nald of Swampscott, all of whonare distribution, epidemic con- connected wiin me v.u. trol. the white-slave traffic, ..rfu nfton.ied the !eet Among ihuo" " , national express business i . h,a Oulncy house were Llej.en- j i ju " - - - 1 ... - Torrt7 u-hn was t a , , i, Qi There- is dancer that the work ot the tnru ciiam- ant uoTeruu. - and the Panama canal. J heio mtmyr J1 "l 1 . meeting in February lAst and deared Tiioim will be nullified by congress and obstacles ,,acen m u.e ay o. federati0n. and ex-President liot. I ' i. ,wi.ri to have been "calial- further protectmg o. r.m.g, , he )a oppoged? la. In view of the decrease a.reu.n ,.. .,,,.,-... b'0r organl7.atlon8 and with a puose hird life, the enonnona losses annually inflicted by ravages of insects ehow,ng hlra tuat he U wrong! ' .-it if. .Uwi.,,.r1iMif Aiiierit'n 1 helievo the hill . i nrrnrrnni that hagteen t ii... ,1. .r.i inn ot Will J1IC in. outii "in. i - 11 10 n ana ii le oirnv.,. .... , , ...m.. kv ho ipndera of the nera , i I ,.,j nn fur all llllirrato V li 10s oiii;iii 10 iiuip ii,i uuuu! providing federal piolcition lor an mf. j r tlon movement thus: opiosttion. i.ir.ta iieeiira iii the southern state ,i ...f ,iitui riifi mil ii imii wiit.-r - I lie urcit" rb , , , ,. . ... . . i v ,1... y.wrnli, rl v unit li'irnlv ki led as Phcn are sevi'ti states in ''; . . .. Uanizatlon nor to dispossess angle e. They are Louisiana, Mississippi, mum , ,,,ou,i. . . -)re(,entofflcer f a railway labor don. fivo if iitoja t lint permit tlio kitlini? inrinrso unv of the revolion- Y i Inniiiiinii South Cnrolina. Tennessee, District ary dmtrines, nor to utand for y of f h ackbirds as game Mniisinn.i, , the methods of the I. W. W. anllke , (lutnbia and I'ent.sylvania. Cranes are eaten .,, olorado. Nesad , t j. i i i in fuitii ii i ri i .in mi iii nn ii mi tin j.'.v'ow i Tt..i A rtir ntiTTV HPrr nnn hucir Nebraska. North PaKoia am. ' : . 7 m 1 l i . . i in ninui o pvi v -- - --.x-. bina rtre slaughtered ear , a, To f : operaUves hce. The iuail 18 a grcai oir...v . at the tablas 01 tne Doarus or ainors l, h,w no enuul, but throughout tin- N"rlh and Nuth this species who repreBeBt now the financing; the Ift.,na m ' i .....niinrr evtinct. Shorn birds ara i mercilessly shot and, a, n ;"; F . ,llrloW T'0 demonBtrate the partners be- . 4i,r, nnted l)V Morismcii n.ui r. nift nd abor. IHuni: ... I " . . ilia tu nu wnv. jB utiovt ami other r-ncoior. arc Km..e j- CANINE HAS $200 FUNERAL Sixteen-Year-Old Bull Terrier Buried In Cypress Hills Cemetery In . New York. New York. Wreaths of flowers cov ered a handsome oak coffin In which .'Tuck lientz Crawford," a sixteen- year-old bull terrier, was burled in Cypress Hills cemetery. Nearly two hundred dollars set aside ten years aeo bv the will of Harry Lentz, at one time a New York sporting man, was used in defraying the cost of the iu neral. The dog had been Mr. Lentz' The burial was supervised by Mr. t-entz sister. Mrs. Carolina Crawford, owner of Crawford inn. Paterson. She tried to have the animal interred on her property, but the Paterson health authorities objected. She then pur chased a grave in Cypress Hills ana took the coffin there in an automobile. SURGEON'S KNIVES SCARE BOY Youthful Culprit Prefer Prison to Be ing Operated Upon By Physician. Norristown, Pa. When John Mosko vitz, a Pottstown boy. was arraigned before Judge William F. Solly for lar ceny physicians impressed upon the Jurist the idea that the boy was not responsible for his criminal tendency, but that it was due to a pressure on the brain caused by a blow from a club hi father had thro- ri lntyi chestnut tree. The court agreed to suspend sen tence and try the experiment of an operation. So the boy was 6ent to the State Institution for Feeble-Minded Children at Spring City, with the idea of having an operation performed. But the lad had no sooner been safe ly stowed in the asylum than he took leave. He was captured in Chester county and was brought to the jail Wp nnd locked up. It is understood that Judge Solly will now sentence him to imprisonment instead of the scalpel. German "Cops' to Unionize. Berlin. For some time Berlin po licemeu have been endeavoring to ob tain permission to form a union. When some of them began to make arrange ments to follow the example of the firemen (who have a union), Herr von Jagow, the police president of . Berlin. iMHPfi a nrohlbition, and as a "disci- I plinary measure" had the moving spir its transferred to positions away irum Berlin. The representatives of the policemen, vvith their legal advisers, will take the necessary steps to estab lish a union, despite the latest threats of instant dismissal. Gets Degree After Many Year. Champaign, 111. Twenty-nine years after he had been suspended by the faculty of Illinois university for "quit ting chapel," Wester North, now stoop-shouldered and wrinkled, was given the degree of bachelor of sci ence at the commencement exercises. PASSENGER LINER THROUGH GATUN LOCKS Not sectional nor merely nainai. but International In scope. ) Not to supersede a single pres. or ganic Iiess. o i '! rv" - 1 III r ISa 1 ''I I '-v. . '4' -- rz - i LLl0 '-If. -r- '-3 The Tanama liner Ancon. carrying TOO passengers, wan the first passen The rai ama " . of (he H)inan)R ranai, she VnTtlWh to of two electric locomotives. The f .ssage SZh the locks took one hour aud forty m.nu.es. FLORENCE IS ACTIVE Business in Italian City Again Has Full Sway. All Activities Interrupted by ChurcH Ceremonial Are Again Taken L'p Festa of Beata Giovanna Ends Religious Features. Florence. Florence is settling down to business again. All the activities interrupted by church ceremonials are resunifd. the bells are ringing at regular and frequent intervals and ev erything is lively and bustling, says a correspondent. Out at Signa, a lit tle wailed town about seven miles on the road to Pisa, a unique proceedirg incident to the season Is In progress ihe festa of the Beata Giovanna and when this is over the local fro gram of religious spectacles and slgLi flcant services will have been finished. We were strongly tempted to go there., but on inquiry found that to appreci ate it fully it was necessary to mako an all-day trip, and concluded to do our sightseeing at shorter range. This ceremonial consists of a series of processions from all ihe villages around the town whose chapels are de pendent upon the pieve or parish church of Signa. St. Giovanna was a peasant maiden of the thirteenth cen tury, noted from childhood for her piety and virtues. While young tho vowed herself tc a religious life and rasscd many years, walled up iu a little cell, In meditation and prayer. Her neighbors, venerating her as a saint before her formal recognition as such, went to her for help and ad vice. She performed many miracles of healing, especially on children. She died alone in her cell in 1837, and it is a local tradition that her death was announced by the mysterious ringing of all the church bells in Signa and the adjacent villages. A chapel waB built to serve as a shrine and ber relics were kept for use on extraor dinary occasions, beiDg taken to Flor ence and Prato'and elsewhere to stay public calamities. Easter Monday is the special festi val of St. Giovanna, when from the va rious villages of the district offerings of oil for the lamps of her shrine aro sent in processions, borne by small children dressed as angels, riding ri,chly decked donkeys, and accompa nied by priests, acolytes and the peo ple in their holiday attire. These of ferings are carried one by one into the church and transferred with sol- is 1 s -pi ?4 m - IS? f 3. A I S Public Fountain at Florence. emn rites to the priest: The entire morning is occupied thus, as tbe re ception of each procession takes con siderable time. Meanwhile in the, public square a fair is held, and a great crowd gathers In the after noon the relics of St. Giovanna ire exposed to the populace. These local ceremonies fill a larpe place in the lives of the Tuscan peas ants, who, despite the differences be tween the church and the state, cling to their religious observances tena ciously. The dispossession. of the or ders by the present government dur ing the latter part of the past century gave offense to a great number of the people, but this fueling is passing and a readjustment is in progress. HAS 25,875 CHILD TOILERS Young ' Worker In Philadelphia Stores and Mills Are Listed by Education Bureau. Philadelphia, Pa.Approximately 25,875 children under sixteen years of age are at work in stores, factories and other commercial establishments here. This Is shown by the report of a statistical investigation conducted by the bureau of compulsory educa tion. Of tho 25,875 little workers, 11. 718 arc girls. The report shows that these children Icjt school in various grades. but that the greater number terminated their education in th sixth grade. Vnder the compulsory education law. children cannot obtain employment In Pennsylvania unt1! they have attained thf" fourteenth birthday, but street trades, such aH selling newspapers and shining shoes, are excepted. "Shell Game" Invades Fair. Chicago. "Shell game" mm Invad ed the annual fair of thi Wiscousiu Society of Chicago and befcre the for mer Badgers discovered that the game was not a burlesque, escaped, leaving many pockets empty.