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POLK COUNTY 'NEWS-GAZETTE. BENTON. TENNESSEE.
f How Preachers Could Improve Their Sermons By Rct. W. C POOLE. U-Jmington. DteL A preacher's cnrr ra tions have to aeopt Ins ei r.'.ous whether they uant t? r tot, hut editors do net have to send Lak checks fur manuscripts their nad irs Jo not want. The preacher may claim that a sermon is not to Ik? compared with a magazine manuscript. Certainly he will not deny that he is divinely eemmi-rioned to be a "I'.hher of men." But what wise fisdierman would go fishing without first carefully choosing the kind of La it to interest the lush he is trying to catch ? A standard question in ojmimg a business proposition is, "Can I interest you?" Millions" of dollars are paid to writers of advertisements bo to phrase every sentence as to pet the attention and interest of the reader. Merchants know it is absolutely necessary to interest the crowd to sell their go.xls. Who pays a dollar for anything which J.es not inter est him? How long will people come to church if the church fails to create interest in them ? It is not so much the question of getting the crowd which might go to some other church, but it is the greater question of getting th people who will not go to any church if not interested. I can get the crowds by supplying their needs for this world and the nest. The Master did not do this to get the crowds, for he never stooped to anything unworthy of the Son of God; but, to phrase it differently, the crowd came because he met their immediate and future needs.' What could be more sensational and effective to draw a crowd than working miracles? The newspapers report how thousands tried to get near Doctor Fricd mann when he was reported to have a cure for the white plague. Jesus Ted the multitudes, not with ice cream after those big meals, but with food when they were hungry, and the miracle he wrought did not lessen the interest. Peculiar Ways of the Butterfly Girl By Martha B. Hastings, Boston, Mass. She is pretty and popu lar, and her lackadaisical, butterlly ways are looked upon by her friends as a joke. So, privately, she thinks they are rather smart. She won a chafing dish in a prize contest, and, as an instance of her heedless ways, she fluttered around and invited all her friends to a chafing dish supper. Her mother, when she heard of the invitations, remarked cynically, "And she can't even make a cup of tea." She lies in bed in the morning and lets her mother and sister bring her breakfast to her. She has such appealing, butterfly ways about her that her friends run to fulfill her every wish. She thinks life is a bed of roses especially made for her to lie upon. This may all be pleasant for her, but is she letting herself grow into a woman to be admired? Even though she may be liked because of-her charm and her cute ways, ought she herself to be satisfied with this ? ' Surely it is more worth while to be a sweet, womanly, useful girl than to be a pampered doll. Ought she not to come forth from the slough , ' of indolence arid selfishness and be of service as well as beinff served ? pcejsow "hhijy041 no Vatter.how pretty and popi V'm " Hl;Jrf vuiiiv,iit uiwuo ul.li t auva 1 1 1 iu give. . 7 She ought to rise above such a low standard of life. Because 6he is uked is all the more reason why she should give some real return for this liking. She could give her friends something genuine for what they give '. heri not the meaningless coin of smiles and thanks and nothing more. To her mother and sister she should give some real return for all the love and attention they lavish upon her, and not accept these as if they had been born to wait upon her. fJl ,.A" ! I'fVj' n jVi yi ' j A S A KtSi L.T or tbe Titanic disaster, sir Hiram Maxim, the inventor of the Maxim gun, has evolved a plan for giv ing ships a "sixth sense" that will enable them to avoid icebergs in a fog by the game means by which a bat finds its way about in the dark. For a year or more h.9 haa been working on a device which he claims will enable a vessel to detect a floating object several miles away, to esti mate its size, shape and distance, and to recognize tbe character of a neighboring shore, so that a har bor, for instance, may be safely entered in a fog. All this is to be done sim ply by receiving and re cording the echoes sent back by the objects to be detected; but the sound that produces the echoes is not high enough in pitch to be audible. Its vibra tions are powerful and slow and are given out by a huge siren at the ship's bows. The echoes are re ceived and recorded by ap paratus that serve as ears and which are able to give ua much more information " tl-.jn a real car could d6. This latest collision pre venter is another adapta tion of a phenomenon in . the natural world. Sir Hi ram Maxim has taken his cue from the bat, which he was reminded is en abled to tell the distance of objects by the beat of its wings. - in Dats tne sense oriran''"'"" Wtt are highly develops dSm 91 When a bat flies about total darkness the beat Its wings sjends out ries' fjf .aKuv;uny 1 no V waves, mese waves strike neainst all niirrniinil- lng objects and are reflect- ed back and received by MLV-fiMY the sensitive organs which a111 form part of the face ofr ra the bat. The extremely deraU nitnro nf ih jT XT' - "S xtecot ZJh f j mmm .a.jaM.iiim rei eated blasts we find that the distance between us and the ob ject diminishes about or.e-third of a n.ile in a minute. This, of course, is due to our own speed and indicates that the object iB stationary. When we are two miles apart the reflection of our blasts rings the bells and the indicator shows a rtiffprpnt rpcord from what we. .have seen before. The markings cn the paper strip are of considerable size and commence sharp and. abrupt, but the ending is not sharp or distinct. There is a trailing out of spots made by the zigzag lines. The total length of the echo is thus made larger than that produced by the primary blast. This shows that there is some kind of a cloud about the object of a different density from the sur rounding air and that it is of considerable size. The logical conclusions drawn are: the object Js of great size; it is stationary and it has something about it that modifies the echo. Consequently the record on the paper strip resembles that obUined from both a large, solid object and a cloud. 'There fore, it must be a large iceberg surrounded by told air We change our direction so as to pass uVon our port side at a distance of half a mile. Fortu nately we have barely passed when the fog lifts and discloses an enormous. Iceberg surrounded bjr smaller pieces that have broken off. Returning to realities, Sir Hiram states that while the apparatus will work ex actly as described with the ' devices already designed, he is not going to rest at this point. He says that, he will shortly produce recording instrument with, a selective power that not receive any vibrations except those due to the echo of the blast sent out. This will eliminate all noises due to the ship and the sea, and produce a very clean record. Mak ing Scapegoat Out of Family Cat By E. B. PLUMMER, Detroit, Mkh. Many of the alarmists who, in order to stop the spread of tuberculosis, ad vocate the killing of the family dog and cat drink milk and eat butter that come from tuberculous cows. And yet they would slaughter the family dog. These people who howl about the family cat always forget the floor mop drying in the back tntryway, to say nothing of the dishrag that has been used for a week without being sterilized. Even the canary bird and his germ-laden cage are overlooked in order that they may make a scapegoat out of the family cat. But before they kill the cat and his brother, the dog, let them try a little right living and right thinking. Let them be clean inside, be clean outside, ceasing to suppose that talcum powder and perfumes mean clean liness because they don't; let them live on wholesome foods, the stuff that makes blood and brawn. Whole-wheat bread, olive oil and grape juice ore more wholesome than milk and butter from an unhealthy cow. Let them live in God's sunlight. x And when they have done all that let them think clean thoughts, from a clean body, sustained with clean, wholesome foods and guarded with a sound morality. 3 Few Absurdities of Men's Fashions By J. P. WASHBURNE, New York The women's fashions of late years have been awful, heaven knows. Men have an absolute right to object to them or would have if they themselves were not vulnerable. For the 6ake of variety I would, therefore, like to call attention to some male absurdi ties in the matter of dress. 'Are complain tliat the women change their styles too frequently. They" do. So do the men. lioth sexes seem to have lost understanding of the fact that it is wise to hold fast to that which is good and instead seem to 6eek only novelty. . ' Take men's hats. The straw hats of one year are distinguished by low crowns and brims as wide as umbrellas. The next year the crowns rival chimneys iu height nnd the brims need a telescope to see them. One year the shoulders "of men's clothes bulge with pounds of felt padding. The next year they are angular with the outline of Bhoulder bones. One year trousers are wide enough to furnish material for three extra pairs. The next year they are tight enough for a harlequin. But why go on? Can we men consistently throw stones at the worjea from our own crystal palaces? bat's wings, together with t;: sensitiveness of its sixth sense contained in its delicate face nerves, enables the bat to judge the distance of any object by the lapse of time between the send ing out and the receiving of the waves. It is this exceptional mechanism, and not any faculty of seeing in the dark, which enables the bat to fly unerringly without the least light to guide it. This was proved a hundred years ago by the Abbe Spallanzani, who made experiments by blotting out the eyes of bats with red not irons and found that they got along just as well without eyes as with them. OtheV experiments, without cruelty! may be made to show the same thing. We all know that if we capture a wild bird and liberate it in a large room with closed windows, it makes a wild and furious rush for what its senses tell it is an opening through which it can escape. Its eyes do not reveal the presence of the glass, and the result is a broken neck. A bat liberated under similar circumstances makes the -same dash for freedom. The flapping of its wings, however, brings its sixth sense into action and it soon perceives that it is face to face with a solid wall and stops short before it touches the glass. Sir Hiram proposes to apply this sixth sense to sea going vessels. His apparatus will produce at mospheric vibrations of about the same frequency as those produced by the bat, but of energy at least three hundred thousand times as great. These will not be audible, but they will travel at least twenty miles, so that they could be re ceived and recorded by a suitable apparatus at that distance, and would be able to travel at least five miles and return back to the ship a reflected echo that would be strong enough to be detected. In describing his Invention, Sir Hiram states that it might be considered an artificial ear. The apparatus is provided with a large diaphragm tightly drawn over a drum-shaped cylinder, and so arranged that the atmospheric pressure is al ways the same on both sides, quite irrespective of any air blast. It Is therefore always able to vibrate freely in response to the waves of the echo, and its vibrations are made to open and close certain electrical circuits which ring a se ries of bells of various sizes. If, for example, the object is very small or at a very great distance from the ship, a very small bell rings, while a large object at a distance of two miles would ring a larger bell, and a very large object a still larger bell. The apparatus glres an audible notice If anything is ahead of the ship. Another apparatus, similar to tha first, is pro vided, but Instead of ringing a bell it produces a diagram of the disturbances in the air that Is, when there Is no noise except that due to the action of the ship or the sea wavei, a wavy line Is produced on paper, but whenever the vibrations sent out by the vibrator strike an object and re turn, the; wavy line on the paper becomes very much increased in amplitude, bo as to be easily observed, and the distance that the object Is from the ship can be measured by the length of the paper strip between the giving off of the vibra tions and the receiving of the echo. In this way the distance of the object can be determined with a considerable degree of accuracy, and the size of tho object may be determined by the amplitude of the waves that return. The apparatus for producing the atmospheric vibrations should be placed well forward on the main deck or !i' any other position where It can be turned from port to starboard. Of course, there would be no use for the apparatus except in dark, stormy or foggy weather unless it was to be used in communicating with other ships. If the sea were perfectly clear the blasts sent out would be recorded at the very instant of their production, but no echo would be produced. Rut if there should happen to be an object of any considerable size at a distance no greater than two or three miles the zigzag line on the paper would be changed, the amplitude of the waves would be greater and would be very noticeable. To make sure, the blasts could be repeated sev eral times; and then if tlif result was always the same, it would Indicate the presence of some ob ject, and the length of paper between the primary blast and the echo would indicate the distance that the object was from the ship. . It might be so arranged that one inch of paper represented a mile. To many it will appear difficult to reveal not only the presence of objects at sea, but also their size, distance and character, by simply sending out vibrations and receiving echoes. Sir Hiram assures us, however, that such an echo properly received and recorded will not only indicate size and shape with a fair degree of accuracy, but direction and distance with great accuracy. It will distinguish a ship from an iceberg, will show whether the object is stationary or moving, and, if moving, the direction and velocity of such movement. Let us embark, in imagination, on a ship equipped with Sir Hiram's invention. We are well out at sea, our ship making 20 miles an hour, and we find, upon sending out several blasts, that the echo reaches us in 20 seconds. We infer that, as It took ten seconds for our vi brations to reach the object and another ten sec onds for the reflected vibrations to return, the distance is slightly, over two miles. One minute later we send out another blast, but the result is no stronger than before, so we change the direc tion of the blast and find that the greatest effect is produced when the blast is Bent out dead ahead; also, that the distance between the object and our ship is being reduced at the rate of 35 miles an hour. Inasmuch as our ship Is making only 20 miles an hour, it is evident that the un known object is a ship making 15 miles an hour and traveling toward us slightly to our star board. Our next blast shows us that the ship is only a mile distant, and very much to the starboard. We follow her direction and when she is in a position to present her broadside to us, we find on sending out a blast that the echo Is very strong, the bells at the receiver ring violently and the recorder makes a large and distinct marking on the paper strip. The weather has been so thick that we have not seen the ship, but we have a fair idea of her; we know her speed and the direction in which ehe Is sailing. Later on, we receive a series of records from each blast, showing that there are several small objects In our vicinity, probably fishing boats. We are able to locate them and measure their distance, and If any of them are dead ahead of ub, we change our direction so as to give them a wide berth. Subsequently we have a new experience. We send out a blast and receive back an echo show ing that there is an exceptionally large object very nearly dead sljead of us. Wo know it is large, because the distance Indicated Is ten miles and the record quite distinct. Hy sending out QUhtK SPRIGS OF GENTILITY Prince Alexander of Servia is not, as many sup . pose, King Peter's eldest son. The latter is Prince George, and was known as the crown prince until his wild escapades compelled even the indulgent King PeteT to deprive him of all rights to succession, and banish him to an in- ' accessible part of the kingdom. His doings both , before and since would fill a book. A French, tutor, returned to Paris after two months at the Konak, tells many queer tales of his pupil's deeds. One morning they were busy at a Latin lesson when a mouse ran across the room. Quick as a flash Prince George had it by the tail. The next instaut he was dashing off with it to the sentinel at the palace gate, and, holding it up to the fright ened man's face, insisted on his biting off its head. Upon the other's refusal he threatened vio lence, and would certainly have proved as good as his word had not the king arrived in the court yard at that moment from his morning ride. Not that King Peter ever had much authority over his eldest son. Servian statesmen have never forgotten the painful scene between father and son at which they were once obliged to as sist. At a special meeting of the cabinet the then crown prince entered uninvited. King Teter promptly requested him to withdraw. Taking a seat, his highness refused, saying: "I am the future king and have a right to be here. I must know what happens and so shall take part in the council." Once more King Peter ordered him away, but the other as stoutly refused, and a heated altercation ensued, during which the min isters melted away, leaving the king and his hot headed son to settle their difference alone. On another occasion the prince was present at a birthday dinner given in honor of the czar at the Russian ministry. After toasts had been proposed, to Emperor Nicholas and King Peter, Crown Prince George arose and drank to the union of Uosnla, Herzegovina and Servia. The Icy wel come that greeted these words was such that his highness had Immediately to leave the banquet. This and other escapades caused such a revo lution of public opinion that Prince George was finally compelled to renounce his rights of suc cession in favor of his younger brother, and cer tainly the country has benefited by the change. Prince Alexnnder is a decidedly different type from the other. A little tot of three when his mother died, he and his baby sister, today the wife of Grand Duke John Constantinovitch of Itussia, were at once taken off to St. Petersburg to be brought up by their aunt, Grand Duchess Peter. There he received a sound education and was for a time one of the czarina's pages. He would probably have entered the Russian army had not the dreadful events of 1903 completely changed his plans. As soon as King Peter was settled on the throne his three children were sum moned to lielgrade. At the paluce, however, he continued his studios. Two officers were enguged to give him private lessons on law and military science. Servian, Russian and French he speaks perfectly, and lately ho was working ' hard to brush up hla German. . Though the crown prince's apartments at the palace are very plainly fur nished, there is a wealth of bookcases. lie Is a great reader, and Is familiar with the principal lit erary works cf four countries. l