Newspaper Page Text
Prize-Winners in the Times’ $2,000 Interesting Baby *®j ■ j^py f *■■ aBH^ ' J " r<;'’'rV‘' :^Vv"'s/^‘ > i ’’v" fi’Kif 1 ' Hack Formin, 4 Panntt: Mr. aai Mrs. Haward Faraiaa 11146 Wait Qatar Oriva, Daarbara These are more prize winning photographs in the Detroit Times’ $2,000.00 Interesting Baby Picture Contest. These photos win prizes U. S. Following Trail of 1917, Senator Tobev Warns <>pM-l*l In THE‘DETROIT TIME* Washington. Fob. 28.—sena tor Charles W. Tobey of New Hampshire last night joined those opponents of the lend-lease bill w-ho have taken to the radio to acquaint the American people with what he terms the dangers inher ent in this legislation. In a nation wide address, Senator Tobey said in part: On the foreign policy issue* now being considered by the Congress, which hold in baiance a life in nearly every American family, there is one point on which we are all agreed, and that is that parti san thought has no place. HE DRAWS THE LINE Today, the United States is giving a tremendous amount of aid to Great Britain. Month by month, we have gone a long way in our efforts to increase this aid. Still greater aid. short of war. can be 11 'hovler'n Voir WASHINGTON, Feb. 28. (INS* Senator Burton K. Wheeler ID' of Montana, leader of the non-interventionists, cele brated his fifty-ninth birthday yesterday by writing in letters of soap on the mirror of the President's room in the Capitol: “My birthday resolution— keep America out of war." immediately effected by speeding up production in this country, and by making available to England the dollar exchange tn enable her to make increased purchases of war materVls here. There are those, however, who would go even farlhor, by having the Congress adopt legislation which would draw 1 his country into the largest scale war ever experienced by man—a war which this country, and millions of maimed and dead American boys This latter course 1 cannot, and will not. follow The administration has brought In a hill filled with unnecessary provisions and fraught with war danger for this country-Xjxh i -to the so-called lease-lend-give bill now being debated in the Senate. By this hill the Senate would give up its treaty-making power and the Congress would turn over to one man the power to declare war. involving 130 million people in this country This bill gives to ONE man ihe unrestricted power literally to seize anything m The country. whether belonging to the govern ment or to private citizens and to gi\e it to any other country in the world without any limit in law. COULD GIVE NAVV AW \Y It gives to ONE man the power to give away our navy or any j»or tion of it—the power to give away our aircraft, army equii>ment and military secrets to anv country he chooses INCLUDING SOVIET RUSSIA, which country he has recently favored by lifting the moral embargo against shipments of vital war materials. Therp is not even a limitation on the amount of the people's property that can be given away In the House an amendment was offered by Congressman Wads v orth to restrict the amount to it,: great sum of $7,000,000,000 and "believe it or ont" this gener ous limitation was opposed by the administration and was defeated The administration has stated its purpose not only to guarantee victory for England, but also to guarantee the defeat of every ag gressor nation on earth. It would mean fighting to the end to defeat Japan, to conquer Hitler, to conquer Russia and Italy and to force them to restore every piece of oil that they have invaded. If the Senate passes H. R 1776, the die will be cast irrevocably. Conservative estimates place the cost to this country at $40,000,- 000.000 a year. It is not an over statement to say that more than 1,000.000 American boys Would be killed or maimed in the long strug gle. Instead of adopting the lend lease bill, fraught with war dan gers, and turning over congres sional powers to one man. why not pass legislation to make avail able the funds to enable Great Britain to increase her purchases of war materials in this country? Anything more than this means war! We are following the same path that we did in the last World War. This Ijill is the vestibule to war. Even more, it will make the President the war-lord of Europe. Who are the defeatists in this country? HITLER S OBSTACLES They are the defeatists, who quiver and quake at the suggestion that Hitler might be able to con quer Europe, conquer Great Brit ain. overcome the obstacles of famine and disease, economic ruin and a tremendous fifth column against him in all Europe: hold these people down and at the same time, leaving a suspicious Russia at his back door, start out on a costly venture to cross 3,000 miles of ocean in a doubtful attempt to conquer a well-defended and equipped and powerful nation of 130 million indomitable Americans. They are the defeatists who say that, in the face of this question able jiossibility, America has no alternative but to send her hoys 3.000 miles across the sea. to die on foreign soil as they died in 1917-18. Dll) THEY HIE VAINLY? Yi w-» roe ,-ottowtng the same path over again and if we do get in the war it will he a long strug glewith millions of American boys sent over to invade Europe' We will come out of it with hundreds of thousands of casualties, a stag gering debt and will have lost democracy on the home front. If this hill is passed, it will mean thai contrary to the immortal words of Abraham Lincoln, our sacred dead shall have died in vain and that government of. by and for the |>eop|e shall have jienshed from this land. Let it lie remembered thal war cannot he repealed, that bank ruptcy cannot h/* repealed, and that the dead cannot return home. Auto Makers Request Ontario Truck Route The Automobile Manufacturers Association today petitioned thp state department to urge Canada to permit truck freighting through Canada under the same regula tions now governing trains which cross Ontario from the United States points. Csp of the Canadian highways would reduce the mile age of Detroit trurkihg shipments to the East. Sandra Kay larratt, 14 Mantki Parent*: Mr. and Mrs. Irvin A. larratt •09 Bristal Straat, Saginaw .. : i"^H of $2.00 each, but still remain eligible for the grand prize of $500.00 and other prizes total ing another $500.00 at the end of the 10-week Not a Defense Bill. Sen. Capper Charges Spwlal In THE DETROIT TIMES WASHINGTON. Feb. 28. - Senator Arthur Capper of Kansas, in a nation-wide radio broadcast last night, vigorously assailed the lend-lease all-aid-to-Britain bill be ing debated in the Senate. A partial text of Senator Cap per's address follows: I am opposed to enactment of H. R. 1776, the so-called lend-lease bill, for reasons which I shall state in the next few minutes. This bill, this 1941 Declaration of Dependence, is being sold to the American people on false pre tenses. Jt is not a national defense bill. PERSONAL POWER BILL It is a personal power bill— power to the President to de termine foreign policies; power to implement foreign policies of his own making: power to make war without any declaration from Congress: power to control every industry, every man and woman, in the whole United States, in the name of national defense. It is not. as its proponents have asserted, a peace bill. It is a war bill It is not a bill to preserve democracv. It is a dictatorship bill. I am opposed to substituting personal |>ower in government for the republican representative form of government. I am opposed to war. except in defense of the United States and the Western Hemisphere if at tacked. 4 1 am opposed to a dictatorship Highlights of Debate On It. R. No. 1776 WASHINGTON, Feb. 28. —Highlights of yesterday's lend lease battle in the Senate: —Charges by Senator John A. Danaher (R) of Connecticut that Wendell Willkic, at a private dinner in New York shortly before his nomination, personally pledged an all-out aid to Britain policy “and even guaranteed that Britain would not lose’* to obtain influential hacking. —Demand by Senator Millard Tydings (D) of Maryland that supporters of the hill answer declarations of opponents that the measure would permit the Presklent to give Britain a large part of the navy. —Prediction of Senator Burton K. Wheeler (D) of Montana, leader of the non-interventionists, that, if the bill is en acted, the President would order United States convoys for American shipments to Britain. —Proposal by Senator Henry Cabot lodge Jr. (R) of Massa chusetts that the hill he laid aside temporarily to permit passage of a simple resolution for aid to Britain. —Declaration by Senator Prentiss Brown (D) of Michigan that the lease-lend hill provides the best means of avoiding involvement in the European war and that he will stake his vote for the hill on the President's pledges to keep this nation at peace. —Warning by Senator Itennis Chavez (D) of New Mexico that the legislation is “not a peace hill—not a defense hill” —hut a measure that promises to plunge this nation into “the life-and-death" struggle now engaging Europe. —Announcement by the White House secretariat that Presl de\t Roosevelt is continuing his conferences with key ad visers on British needs in preparation to put the lease-lend program into operation immediately upon enactment of the bill. —Charge by Senator Robert A. Taft (R) of Ohio that the White House announcement was designed "solely to put pressure on Congress” for passage of the hill and that the President is “deliberately holding hack aid to England" in the hope of forcing a swift vote on the bill. DETROIT EVENING TIMES (PHONE CHERRY 8800) > ' v --' ■> “'/Jr* * ’?■’ -*■ s! I 5 ~ j '| i 1 | i '| lii' i ii i j t jhIP 1 Kansan Brands Measure 'A Declaration of Independence' for the United States—even under a “good" dictatorship. Just remember, a very wise man once said: “The difference between a good dictator and a had dictator is just a letter of time.’' PEOPLE WAKING UP Therefore I am opposed to H. R. 1776. and propose to do everything in my power to assure its defeat. A month ago. before the people of the United States understood' what this bill proposes to do, there was a strong public sentiment for it, because the people believed the bill was what its proponents said it was: a bill further to promote the national defense; a bill to give aid to Britain short of war—that's what they said. By now the people of the United; States are beginning to understand that national defense, aid to Brit ain short of war—this kind of propaganda, false propaganda, is being recognized as just “sales talk" to get the Congress to Wal low a personal power bill, a war bill, a dictatorship bill. It is not surprising to me that the backers of this war bill, this dictatorship bill, this personal power bill, are shouting. “Hurry, hurry, hurry.” THEY NEED SPEED Because if this bill is not passed in a hurry, an aroused public senti ment is going to make it almost impossible for the Senate to ap prove such a delegation of all-out power to one man. In considering this bill, it is necessary to go beyond the de- t tailed language of the hill, behind. Jm 1. H. Thom*, I Mantki Parents: Or. aa4 Mr*. M. Tkna* 122 OMila roa4, Paatiao contest. Prize winning pictures will appear every day in The Detroit Times, with a full page of prize winners each Sunday. Judges the purpose of the bill as stated in its title. The title says it is a bill to further promote the national de fense. AND FOR OTHER PUR POSES. I suppose the title might be said to state a half-truth. Be cause the phrase "for other purposes” is a very general ex pression of purposes—a sort of Mother Hubbard title. Ordinarily a legislative bill pro vides that certain things shall be done, or certain policies shall be adopted and followed. Then the ordinary bill designates the proper government agency or agencies to do the things prescribed, or carry out the policy or policies formu- I lated. NOT THAT KIND OF BILL But this H. R. 1776. this so called lease-lend bill, is not that kind of a bill. H. R- 1776 does not designate certain things to be done. H. R. 1776 does not lay down a policy, or policies, to be followed or carried out. H. R. 1776 delegates to the President the power that belongs in Congress to designate what shall be done; it empowers the President to do whatever things, in whatever manner, by whatever means, he considers necessary so long as he is able to convince himself that what he wants to do l is necessary to the national de-‘ sense of the United States. That is a very broad grant of powgr—and a very dangerous grant of power. I H. R. 1776 does not adopt cer •fftm-policies in regard to our for eign relations. Instead. H. R. 1776 grants to the Chief Executive the full sanction of Congress to de termine what the United States foreign policies shall be in rela tion to any and every nation in the world—everywhere in the world, anywhere in the world. BLANK CHECK POWER H. R. 1776 then goes ahead, and in effect, grants to the Chief Executive blank check power and authority to do whatever he be lieves will make effective these ‘foreign policies he has decided upon (or may later decide upon', also the power and authority to make whatever commitments, he may see fit to make with any and maqy foreign governments to carry out the policies he has de- icided upon (or may later decide upon!. Before the Senate passes this tH. R. 1776, this war bill, this dic tatorship bill, this personal power bill, I say that those sponsoring the bill should answer a few sim ple direct, and very important questions: Where are we going? What are we going to do when we get there? What are we going to have, what are we going to do, i when we get back —if we ever do get back ? NONE ANSWERED None of these questions has been answered by any cabinet member appearing before the Sen ate and House committees dealing with foreign relations, by any member of the House, by any member of the Senate, supporting this bill, nor by any of the prom inent and well versed columnists backing this proposal. I The only thing approaching an ! answer to the questions: Where are we going? What are we going to do when we get there? That I have been able to find is in Pres ident Roosevelt * latest message to Aaita Jaaa Wkita, 2 Fatknri A. R. Wkita 321 W. Evalya Avaaaa, Haiti Park sjljm V K . w 11 W 7 >4 A&S Congress on the state of the Union. And even the President's an swers. in his message on the state of the Union, are just a trifle general and vague—l would not say intentionally misleading. In view of the fact that the de livery of this message was imme diately follow’ed by the introduc tion of H. R. 1776, I have the right tq assume that the purpose of H. R. 1776 is to make this basis of a kind of a world attainable in our time and generation a reality— now. NOBLE SENTIMENTS These noble and inspiring senti ments for the welfare of all the world were followed by other words. I quote from the Presi dent's message: “Principles of morality and consideration of our own security will never permit us to arqulesee in a |>eace dictated by ag gressors and sponsored by ap peasers." These are more than inspiring words, these are determined words, fighting words a tacit promise that the United States, President Roosevelt willing, will not stand for a peace that is not acceptable to the President of the United States. If these words mean anything— and I cannot conceive that the President of the United States would use meaningless words in ■ any official message to Congress— they mean that the United States is going to police the world, and that there can be only one kind of peace in all the world: a peace satisfactory to the President of the United States. MANAGER OF THE WAR? Frankly I don't see how our President can become general manager of this European war, as now seems to be the program, without taking us into the war. 1 think we are now’ on the way. This H. R. 1776, which would give to the President supreme con trol of the war-making powers of the United States in the field of foreign relations: and supreme control over all the resources and all the men and women of the. United States, seems to be the Roosevelt’s ‘Must* Lend Bill It an *All-Important ’ Factor in Defense of ‘All Democracies of All the Americas’ Intrrnntlonal Nfw« Hrrvice Wire WASHINGTO N. Feh 28 — 1 President Roosevelt told a nation-! wide radio audience last night that American defense involves the defense of all the democracies] of all the Americas "and therefore! in fact, it involves the future ofj democracy wherever it is im periled by force or terror ” The President, greeting over the radio the annual awards dinner of th° Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences at Hollywood, asserted the lend-lease bill is “an all-important factor” in the de fense program. Hailing the motion picture as a "phenomenon of our own genera tion,” Mr. Roosevelt said: “We have seen It reflect our civilization throughout the rest of the world—the alms and as pirations and ideals of a free people and of freedom. That Is the real reason that some gov ernment • do not want our Picture Contest :•’• - .M . I * W ■", : s ‘ - - ? * t r ,yj, \ Cs-* eUfvJ >Y\* & . ’ # i Ic, / ' Marilyn Raitk, I Pamtsi Mr. tad Mrs. Fraak 0. Raiak 11254 Caarvllla Avaaaa. Oatrait select prize winners not for beauty, not for cuteness, but for pictorial interest. Submit your baby’s photograph today; it may "in.£ vehicle through which this "no vision of a distant millemum” is to be brought to pass. 1 say H. R. 1776 is a war hill. 1 It is a dictatorship bill. The pro gram it is intended to implement is, in my judgment, a fantastic, bombastic, foolish and futile night mare—and I am against the bill I am for America first. 1 shall vote American. I shall do all in my power to prevent its passage by the Senate of the United States. Strips Defenses, Wheeler Warns (Continued from Page One) at 11 a. m. next Monday. Senator Tom Connally (D) of Texas pre dicted passage on March 8. but opponents hinted of further delay while still denying that they seek a filibuster. "Our group opposing the hill are unanimously opposed to fili buster, blit I think we would he justified In debating the hill two or three weeks longer If there is a rhanre of the sentiment of the country being fully expressed.” said Senator D. Worth Clark (D) of Idaho. Wheeler, in an exhaustive analy sis of H. R. 1776, contended that Congress will be abdicating its authority by passing it He charged that it was through just such emergency measures that Hitler and Mussolini rose to dictatorial power. Wheeler said a "joker” exists in the bill, because under it Presi dent. Roosevelt could revise the neutrality act and open sea lanes to England or other nations now listed as in combat zones. The senator maintained that the President could set aside labor laws and i.en require men to work 12 to 15 hours a day. The limitation on the President's power to June 30. 1943, is meaningless, he said. "Actually, once we are com mitted to the course laid out by this bill, the die ia cast," Wheeler asserted. American films exhibited In their countries. “In all that I have said on that all-lm|>ortant subject I have emphasized that In the assault on the democratic form of gov ernment which Imperils world civilization today, our problem" of national defense has become one of defending the entire Western Hemisphere—all three o' the Americas—North, Cen tral and South. “An all-important factor In hemispheric defense Is the lend lease bill, whose early enactment by the Congress we confidently anticipate. It Is a pleasure to acknowledge the great service which the newsreels have per formed In acquainting the pub lic with all of the implications of this measure.” Gen. Hugh S. Johnson, “America’s Fighting Thinker,” Writes Dally for the Times. Friday, February 28, 1941 ’ Interest Counts, Not Beauty, in Baby Contest : Have you a snapshot of habv In your home . . . one with REAL pictorial interest ? You are urged to enter it In The Detroit Times $2 000 Inter esting Bijby Picture Contest, but before you send it you should read the contest rules and entry blank appearing elsewhere in this edi tion. that you may he fully ac quainted with the simple require ments of this contest. Prize-winning baby pictures ajv pear daily and Sunday in The Detroit Times $2 being paid for every winning picture printed. This Sunday—and every Sunday throughout the contest—there'll be a FULL PAGE of winning photos. Your hahy's picture may win a* much as SSOO for you. for SSOO i* the grand first prize in this ap pealing contest This »s NOT a beautiful baby contest. A snapshot of any type of baby is eligible, if ihe picture is really interesting Studio pic tures are NOT eligible and p»w tures entered in this coni Q WILL NOT be returned. Yj* may submit one or more pictures, hut you should writp on the back of each snapshot the same in formation you place on the entry blank. Send your baby’s picture today! Mothers Chased By Capitol Police Internationa! Vat vrtlr# Wlra WASHINGTON, Fch. 28.—Cr*. ating an uproar in the Senate office building, capital police today broke up a sit-down strike of mothers opposing President Roose. velts - lease-lend bill in front of the office of Senator Carter Glass (D) of Virginia. One woman fainted as the group pulled and shoved against capital police. The police arrested Mrs. Elizabeth Dilling. head of the group, which is known as the Mothers Crusaders Against H. R. 1776. The women charged that Sena tor Glass had a British flag in his office, and as they were rushed down the corridors by capital po lice the screamed: "Down with the Union Jack." It was the second time Mrs. Dilling. Chicago author of "The . Red Network, - ' has been arrested for picketing against the bill. Previous charges were dropped. Glass himself was not in his office Me has been ill. Hit-Run Killer Gets - 2 to 5-Year Sentence Convicted of leaving the scene of a fatal accident after dragging his victim 100 feet on the bumper of a ear. Harry Felton. 23, of 5815 Brush street, today began a two to five-year sentence in Jackson Prison imposed by Traffic Judge Thomas F. Maher. The victim was Earl Wenters of 2223 Myrtia street, killed last September.