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The Significance Of Creenland
fIHHZL a WBm LlB3^iMnKE> ■'' > SfllH v < siBBBS in * («p§j|j| x \xW» V : -:-rffif — ■——M K jm_^/ rHr* WjU 11 i I I t A Na*i force in possession of Greenland wo.uld be closer, in bombing range, to vital Sault* locks than to New York. rSoo'l locks have paramount war importance, tunneling orejrom Lake Superior ports to the Cleveland and Detroit. , | / •» l RICO \ JPk ' \>'" c^St Uncle Sam's protectorate over Greenland has moved the far-flung arm of the American defense scheme into an oceanic protective arc that sweeps from the equatorial zone of the Atlantic to the Arctic circle. This map investigates some of the possibilities behind Presi dent Roosevelt's move in accepting the offer of Denmark's adamant minister in Washington to allow this nation to estab lish defense bases in Greenland in return for safeguarding its continuance as a Danish colony. Acceptance of the offer has given this nation a far north ern base that is well in mid-Atlantic. Germany’s declaration of a far-flung northern Atlantic belligerent zone meets and pos sibly overlaps our extended defense line because the Nazi area comes within three miles of Greenland. This world's greatest island has always been considered a part of the western hemi sphere. coming in the scope of the Monroe Doctrine. America's new defense bastion, 1,900 miles north of New York, may serve the following functions: 1— Its fertile coastline may offer a year round haven for both naval and aeronautical patrols on a new northern route to Britain. 2 It may afford a convenient stop-over for planes being ferried from Canada to the Royal Air Force—a supply in B 7[T V M /Ms / I ««• \ I FAREWELL \ I creased by the gathering of American commercial transports for English service under lend-lease bill provisos. 3—lt may serve as the far-north outpost of the chain of oceanic defense posts, many ceded by Great Britain, that ex tend down to Georgetown in British Guiana. Establishment of Greenland bases would put the Stars and Stripes closer than ever to Britain and might forestall German occupation of the island which would give the Nazis bomber bases within easy striking distance of North America. As the map indicates, Greenland's southwestern coast, which has the best all-year weather, is less than 1,500 miles from Scotland, with stopover facilities for planes in Iceland, now occupied by British garrisons. American aircraft, carrying out the President's Atlantic patrol plan, could operate from Greenland fields over the mid-Atlantic, flying less than 900 miles to British convoy lanes where German undersea craft are operating. Should submarine warfare be accelerated, British ships might make late summer use of the far northern route, stopping over at Greenland and Iceland and taking advantage of scout ing plane reports of German naval operations. There is a further possibility that American freighters might deliver British cargoes to Greenland for trans-shipment by British vessels. Grwnland The area of Greenland is 736,518 square miles, but, except for coast line (16%), comprises unin habitable ice. Population including I 7,000 eskimos, few hundred Dani sh offi cials, traders and mis sionaries. Hr ' ' m PMlk pLi. -L..!,— r X aw™ <='*“*—■ I IwPV v / Germany declares that this oceanic ter ritory is combat area —a range that goes up to three miles of Greenland. lIEG E N D Q US. NAVY BASES POSSIBLE mmm bomber ROUTES +-*»*■- o/STAuces \ ORIGINAL 300 ML Z NEUTRALITY LIMIT f||||||| GERMANY £ PROCLAIMED LLll lli WAR ZONE \Jm fVj i New York - Suez route via Cape of Good Hope and Red Sea, which has been opened to American vessels for possibly convoyed trans port of goods to Egypt.