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Hero Symbolizes America <tl lEROISM is the brilliant triumph of the houl ll o\»*r fear ... It is the dazzling and glorious mneentration <»f courage." Henry Frederic Amiel. Capt. Cohn P. Kelly Jr 26 years old. who was killed aft* *' hr dropped three bombs on the .Japanese battleship Haruna. which sank her, was not only the first American hero of this war. but in his glorious feat he symbolized AMKRICA Captain Kelly was FEARLESSNESS He was PATRIOTIC PITY. His deed and iea f h were in the great tradition of Lexington and Valley Forge. • • • HIS deed and death are a light and an inspiration to all our lighters of today and tomorrow, to all our youth—in the air. on the land and on the sea. As a cadet at West Point Kelly was a "booster” sor ~the heroic and for heroes. His ideal was heroic patriotism. And heroic patriotism to him meant SERVICE TO HIS COUNTRY. When he set out to bomb the Haruna he must have known that he had a rendezvous with death. But he was of the heroic American mould, and his spirit soared over the fear of death just as his plane soared over the Haruna as she hurst into flames at his third hit. C pt. Colin P. Kelly is AMERICA OF TODAY. Capt. Colin P Kelly is Uncle Samson aroused. Capt. Colm P. Kelly is V. • • • A XD the widow of Captaun Kelly is of the breed of •* the American wives of the revolutionary heroes. Dry-eyed, she held up "Corkey.” their infant, to reporters as she said: "Corker will l>e proud of HIM!" That s 'the VICTORY attitude! That is. indeed. VICTORY itself! That is what makes America great, invincible and fearless. Every American is proud of Capt. Colin P. Kelly. His daring feat will stiffen the weapons in our hands and the spines in our barks. And to paraphrase Abraham Lincoln, let us here highly resolve that Capt. Colin P. Kelly shall not have died in vain. In him America adds another hero to her pantheon of immortals. Free Productive Genius! WHEN the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor and Manila while diplomatic negotiations were still mder way, they unwittingly struck hammer blows in ehalf of national unity in the United States. With an alien foe striking at our gates, all family uarrels and debates will be suspended for the duration. America's long term destiny is at stake, and in the jrcumstances nothing less than a full release of Amer :a's productive genius is indicated. In the present emergency. New' Dealers and Old 'ealers must stand shoulder to shoulder. • • • XDUSTRIAL managers, who have been smarting • under unjustified attack, must forget their personal Trievances. and in the genuine spirit of patriotism give heir commander in chief full and enthusiastic support. By the same token, the men temporarily in charge of the government should in w*ord and in deed proceed magnanimously as the leaders of a Tinited nation. Such team work will set free the great creative talents and energies of a free people. By such an attitude. Americans will not be handi capped by internal friction. • • • FROM the opposite party. Mr. Roosevelt is entitled to co-operation and help, including the valuable assistance of constructive criticism. And as American productivity rises in the coming months and heightens national invincibility, perhaps the people will learn a valuable permanent lesson. In peace time, as in war. national growth and prog ress is inherent in recognition of the fundamental har mony of interests of all groups factory workers, farmers, the professions, management and ownership, and government itself. On the other hand, the preachment of the false doctrine of class warfare and disunity can be, helpful only to the enemies of the United States. Another Detroit Record IT SHOI’LD not come as a surprise to Detroiters to hear that this city led the country —in the first week of the war—in the number of enlistments. More than 1.600 rushed to enter the armed forces here, a number that outstripped both New York and Chicago bv approximately per cent. And the rush is still continuing. Each day sees new records set in the number of recruits. In the treacherous attack on Pearl Harbor, Detroit did not escape unscathed. Many of our boys were killed. The swelling enlistments are Detroit’s answer to the Japanese attack. In war as in peace—we are showing the way to the rest of the country. BAERING DOWN ON THE NEWS: Li hr! on Mon Is on Hy ARTHI K "BI <•*” HU K Did you rc‘ir* Pr.udrnt Roosevelt is finally nam ing Adolf and Benito ir, hts radio speeches? But wher. hf r*p t hr* the \ -pping Jaj I fear h* is heaping coals on fir* <>n an asbestos head. The Chines* rail ’he lap •, * /monkey man. That's a libel on the monkey, if were only alive I know he would represent the chimjanze* again. I never actually n*r <d Ad 'it *r.d Benito and Togo in my stuff the as* few years for [ jiti’l thoueht there was a chance of pos’pnnmg tie inevitable. That s the trouble witn all Americans. Being impartial and generous we give ra’s iheir rhor# of cheese. - Filipino Troops' Bravery Recalls Insurrection Days Bv DAMON RUNYON IT APPEARS from the dis * patches from the Far Fast that Douglas MacArthur's Fili pino fighters are standing up well under the Japanese as saults. which is not greatly sur prising to the Americans who fought the little brown men over 40 years ago. In those days the Filipinos were poorly equipped for war fare. vet they stood off the vol unteer Kansans and and Californian* and Nebraskan* and Minnesotans and the I'nitcd States regular* for quite a spell. The Filipinos had a few Mau ser rifles that they had captured from the Spaniards and that was a pretty good Vnaga/inr rifle in those days. bill mostly they had an old-fashionad Span ish gun that thew a big brass jacketed bullet which was quick to produce gangrene if it hap pened to hit a human body. They were always *hy of am munition for both t>i*-s They had a few field pieces that were a greater menace in the firing to the flier* than to the targets. • • • II’K DO CRT that there i* any U trrord of the Filipino ar tillerymen hitting anybody or anything of consequence during their revolution against the American* Their mark*manship with the rifle wa* a little better though nothing to brag about, however They did have a few sharp*hooter* who u«ua 1 1 y picked American officers a* oh ierts of their aim One of them plugged < Jen Henry Lawton, one of the most brilliant officers of the army a* he sat a-straddle a little native pony directing the operations of hi* men against the Filipinos m the Marnquma Valley. Like most of the American soldiers. Lawton had gieat con tempt for the Filipino marks manship He wore a white helmet which made him partic ularly conspicuous and he disre garded the pleading rvf associate* to/take pnv er He was one of a number of American officrr* who w err potted hy the Filipinos hefore the revolt wa- over mainlv he cause they did not think the Filipinos rould hit the *ide of a house w ith a rifle. I # • VI*HERE thr Filipino genet ds erred in fighting the Ameri can* wa* in trying to w age EDITORIAL PAGE of THE DETROIT TIMES ‘—and I Can Do It Again!’ trench waifare. They were tough adversaries when they’ fought a guerilla campaign be cause they rould travel where the Americans had difficulty fol lowing them, taking advantage of the natural cover and moving rapidly. The Filipino soldier could live for days on a handful of rice and was not bothered hy the im pediments necessary to an American army’, but before the Filipinos found that this was the best wav of combating the Americans some military genius put them in trenches at various points north of Manila on Luzon These trenches were magnifi cently constructed and were said to have been die work of Herman nr Belgian engineer* They would have been difficult to take had the Filipinos been adequately armed for their de fense Rut a* it was they became death trap* for the defender*. * • * I EXPLOITS of great v dm nn the part of the Filipinos w ere not uncommon Many of them seemed to love fighting, but of cour*e you have to have something to fight with, no m li ter how brave you may be Their spirit gave rise to the theory among the American of ficers even in those days that the natives properly schooled would make good soldier* and thi« theory *eems to have been exploited with the fine effort hy picturesque Douglas Mae Arthur. whose father led the Americans against the people the son is now commanding. Many names now appearing in the new* from thr Philippines figured in the Uirring event* of when the Filipino re volt was in progress. One of these names j* Apairi in North Luzon, which i< familiar terrain to ihr men of the old Eighth Army Corps. • , f Fmilio Aguinaldo. then quite young, was /hr head of the Filipino revolutionist govern ment and had hi* capital at M a loins in North Ln/on and many a veteran of those days ran probably close hi* eyes and conjure up a picture of the re gion where the Filipinos are again defending, their soil against an m\ adcr. -Av.c Di#tnt>utM hv Nm Servtes Letters to the Editor TO THE EDITOR: I AM not in the habit of writing * to tho paper hut I ran not restrain m.vsclf now. As I am a subscriber of your paper I am giving you the benefit of the follow ing If it is w orth anything you are welcomed to it. I listened with much anguish to the derogatory remarks about the U. S. S Utah sunk in Pearl Harbor. The ship was referred to as a "tin can.” This is the first ship that I was on durine World War No. 1. I spent a year on her. I scrubbed the deck-s. washed the sides, painted the masts and stacks. I stf>od in the crow's nest and on the steering platform. I worked on her broadside bat teries and in the turrets. I rode through hoistrous sens when she was tossed about like a chip. I have been aboard when every gun was fired in gruelling tests and she came out seeming the better for it. Under elementary practice she came nut with three letter E's on her turrets, an achievement to he appreciated only by those familiar with the great Ameri can fleet. Also the navy depart ment gave an E for efficiency in engineering. Furthermore her seamanship was of high order. She was sent to the proving grounds to set and try torpedoes, a task requir ing great skill and accuracy. When men were needed for the new ships Idaho and Mississippi they sent to the Utah, knowing that they could 'end these ships to sea manned well. Again there was a high type of morale and sobriety among the crew surpassed only by their good nature and faithfulness. The life of a good captain re flected in the members of the crew. He was a good captain, more than a captain, a father to his crew. I refer to Captain Bassett. We had a great ball team in those days champions of the division We were beaten only by the Pennsylvania after a hard fight. This would not have been possible were it not for Rabbit” Maranvjlle in their lineup There you have the dope. What else do you want to glorify a battle wagon** It is not to be wondered at that she was the flagship of the Sixth Division. A tin can she may be to some If she is that she was loaded with golden fruit which endeared her to the hearts of all who ever put to sea on her deck. These glories went flown with her but she will he resurrected sonic day You can t keep a good boat in Davy .Jones' locker. Anri when I take that long last cruise I would like to have the old U. S S. Utah come alongside and pi pc me aboard. WAYNE M. PALMER, Ow Midair, Mich. To THE EDITOR: I 1 HE game at the Rose Bowl was canceled but the biggest game is on. By all means every good American sport should buy a ticket and be part of that vast crowd in the stadium of free dom. Uncle Sam is a fast ball carrier. He will have great inter ferenee-standouts like England, British Empire. Russia, South America and China. When they start the passes, watch for that touchdown. Then that perfect kirk over the cross bar' for that extra point after touchdown. Give the Allies en couragement and buy your ticket now. When the team looks into the stadium of freedom and sees every seat filled it will let them know the gang is really behind them. They will play harder and better When the final gun is fired it will read on the board. Allies 7. Axis 0 The great rollege of freedom needs your patronage. Be a good s|w>rt and by all means buy your tirkets today and insure our team a packed house. HOWARD MAY, IllH'l Houston avenue. QETROMOTMES Publl*h*C every Week Pay Evemn* and Stjnrfav Morning h> The Time* Publishing Company at 122 V Tim*i Square. Detroit. M:rh Entered at Detroit. Mich iu> Becond-Cla*e Melt Mutter TK! v PHONE CHERRY **oo Subscription rate* on advancei hv men to anv p'are in the United Plate*, Canada or Mexico: Datlv and Paty Sunday Sunda' One Month * 7V » VO J i 3 Thre# M nth* 2 2V 1 VI 3 7V Six Month* 4 VI 3 00 7 .VO Ore Y*ar o 00 * 00 14 00 Rate* applying to rural route* only One Month t 7v S VI 9 1 2* Three Month* .... J .V» 1 VO 3 oo Six Month* 2 7V 300 S 7.V On# Year . AOO 11 oo B?~CARRIER YEARLY DAILY 3* St'NO AY ... .V 20 DAILY AND SUNDAY U tA “Weekly DAILY L I*-" SUNDAY !..ii 10r DAILY AND SUNDAY 2*- tForeign Rate* on Application) All m«ney sent at sender • risk Do not •end ra*h or stamp* All rherk*. draft* and money r>rr*er» should he made pavahj to THE TIMES PUBLISHING COMPANY International Net** Service ha* the egrtu. »tve richt* to use for renroductlnn In an form all new* dispatcher credited to it or not other*!*# credited ta Uita paper. Headlines Show We' re In High Gear Look at the Hawaii Shift, or Congress' Speed By HIGH S. JOHNSON TJV)R the last several days I A have been heckling our war mobilization for too much com placency, for repeating mistakes made in the last World War and for a general “business-as-usual” frame of mind which seemed to me to have pervaded our efforts to date. Recent headline- .n* courage me to the belief that we are really swinging into high gear. One leading story was about the shakeup in Hawaii in which the three commanders of the army, navy and air force there were relieved of command. Fol lowing so promptly, as it does, Mr. Knox’ inspection and report, it indicates a clear joint direc tive authority of our armed forces which is highly encourag ing. A short time ago I pointed out that, whoever else might be re sponsible for that mess, there was certainly no theory on which those three commanders could be held to be not respon sible for the obvious flagrant violation of the first basic rule of warfare that all units at all times must maintain local se curity. leon's famous saying. “Every French soldier carries in his knapsack the baton of a marshal of France," might well have in cluded the obvious obverse that every marshal carried in his sahretache the bullets of his fir ing squad. • • • THE selection of officers to re place these commanders in dicates a full realization by the central authority of the techni cal ahd scientific advances of modern war. In assigning these replace ments the army selected two outstanding air generals. The naval commander is a sub marine expert. In their early fifties, the-e three officers already had risen to positions of high respond- 1 hility before these assignments were made. They are all highly representative of the new tvpe of vigorous, scientific profes sionals upon which we must rely for successful prosecution of the war. • • • RIGHT alongside of the story of the Hawaii shake-up was the one about the defeat in the House of Representatives of the administration proposal for a 19-year-old base instead of a 21-year-old base for liability for military service in the new draft legislation. I am not comment ing upon the substance of this proposal (which, by the way. was defeated i because I believe at any time the armed forces feel they must dip into the 19 and 20*vear-olds. the Congress will then give them the jxiwer. There are. however, three things in connection with the House action which are highly encotit aging In the first place, the prompt ness with which the Congress is acting in these matters is proof positive that Hitler is all wet in his belief that a democracy eannot mobilize itself quickly enough for prompt and effec tive action. The second point is that, in turning down this administra ting proposal. Congress acted as the watchdog and guardian of what it considers to be the best interests of the people The third and most inspiring point is that the fight on the floor for the administration pro posal was led by Representative Andrews (Ri of New York, the ranking minority member of the House military affairs com mittee. 0 0 0 fPHIS is the stuff. It is a clear ■4 indication that from now on we can export nonpartisan sup port of administration emer gency measures and also non partisan opposition to them whenever Ihe Congress truly feels that the proposed invasion of rights is not justified by the alleged necessities. This is a very vital function of the Congress at a time like this and it is a clear proof to all the world that what we are fighting for is well worth saving. PlttrtDut**) hy Kin* F**nr*» S\nrf Inc. R*prr«lurtinn la whole n r in part •trirtlv preh'hi**»l THE CALL TO THE COLORS IS A CALL FOR DOLLARS! PI Dig deep. Strike hard. Our boys need the plane*, ships, and guns which your money will help to buy. Oo to your bank, post office, or savings and loan association. Tell them you want to buy De fense Bonds regularly, starting now. Saturday, December 20, 194 Entire Nation ♦ To Blame tor Hawaii Raid We Ignored Warning to Arm to Teeth By WESTBROOK PEGLER they apparently were 1 caught napping at Pearl Harbor, with a knowm thug and a notorious sneak-puncher, at that, lurking near, but weren’t we all? Our present view of the cam paign to remilitarize dates only from May. 19-40, and even our arguments on that phase of the problem are confused, for there were very few among the isola tionists who opposed this pro gram. Those few. incidentally, and lest wp forget, were mainly Communists and Nazis, not Americans. Most of the patriotic Ameri cans who were isolationists up lo that hour of war believed in militarizing the country but op posed President Roosevelt's for eign policy which they thought provocative and dangerous They did not rounsel unarmed surrender to any ono. They were for armed and mighty isolation. • • 0 BUT, before May, 1940, and especially before Hitter starte*} this war deliberately and wantonly and in violation of every assurance that he could give to lull the suspicions of trusting peaceful people, we all were guilty and the entire nation was still, off guard when Japan struck. Not to prettify the case, we had been for a dozen years the drunkenest fieople on earth Gin was our obsession, money and luxury and pleasure were our consuming popular interests and we made gods of trashy in dividuals who photographed well in the movies or shocked us with obscene books which had no other apfM>al hut filth. We even made a god of A 1 Capone, who jvmdered to our vices and sneered a» our hypo < ritical pr< tense of le^j^-r?ability. • • * T 7( >R many .vears, some clergy 1 was concerned with one is sue *o the almost total neglect of the mission of religion and that was prohibition which was a constant provocation to drink and a source of crime and po litical corruption In New York. New Jersey, Al bany. Chicago and Boston po litical corruption Thrived so mon strously under bosses as to im pair the fteople s confidence m the American way of govern ment and finally, as to evoke the famous but too little read and almost unheeded open letter to a boss by Father Lord. S J., which recognized this enormity as a ‘■penal conchrn of the mem bers of the church. We were not thinking of our liberties ’hen or the duties of citizenship or any need to h# prepared to tight a mad enemy. • • • ¥)R r >FITS. high w ages specula ¥ tion and liquor were our in terest*. and. in New York, at least, the [WH|>ers assigned spe cialists to glamorize people who were tear ng up money in diveifl run openly by criminals undent political protection. In one of our cities, the mayor collected a dollar a barrel from the bootleggers for permitting them to dig in the public streets and lay a pipe line from their brewery to the outlet and no body even thought of sending him to prison I.ong ago, Woodrow Wilson, a dying man, preached a warning that if we reiected the League of Nataons this country would have to go armed to the teeth forever in a world of hungry and wolfish predators. We reiected the League and refused to arm even after trav elers from Europe brought hack descriptions of the rising might of the fuehrer’s dictatorship and of a Russian army of 10,000.000 men. + • • Vl’E WERE too busy having a ** good time until the crash of 1929, after which we were too busy with a number of other interests, all mtlflsh or political At all events, none recognized any danger until Hitler made his war and even then few Amer icans were willing to admit that he might one day attack us. Or. if it was possible, then it would he up to "the govern ment," that rich, impersonal power in Washington, and not up to the individual to get us out of the jam, the same "gov ernment” which congressmen and senators preyed upon for rash gifts to their constituencies so that they could he re-elected. Only since May. 1940. have any appreciable number realized that. Woodrow* Wil«on was right, and, ns a nation, we were no morel alert when the hlnw fell thar * the commanders at Pearl Har bor. *op>ri*htM F**turM Synrt . in*. 25 VF\RS %0O TODAY Drc. 20. 19119 President Wilson sends a note to the belligerent nations asking them to state their terms upon which the war may be ended; claims our interests must be safeguarded 0 0 0 French troops in Macedonia win trenches from the garians.