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Detroit evening times. (Detroit, Mich) 1921-1958, April 02, 1945, REDLINE, Image 2

Image and text provided by Central Michigan University, Clark Historical Library

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88063294/1945-04-02/ed-1/seq-2/

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Cross Drive
Ends Today
$319,650.05 Needed '
to Put Campaign Over
Tlii» fa tJVr last day of the Rod
Cro*» war fund campon.
If the drive m to moot i?s.
$5 1.17.000 quota, a total of $319,-,
650.06 must ho collectod today.
Contributions > ester day of
5202.215 20 brought the total to
$4 817.350 95.
Topping the list was an addi
tional $56,778.08 from th# county
branches, bringing this division
'tn a total of $324,800, with col
lect iona still incomplete.
The Earhart Foundation sent
in $25,000 credited to the special
gifts division. Hu* gi<»up. with
Mrs. Jewel t Dwyer and Mrs. W.
Dean Rohm Min a* co-chairmen,
exceeded its $675,000 quota by
From the Romulus army air
field came $3,035.62. and $9,391 90
was donated by the S. S. Kresge
Co. employes. Radio Station W.IR
made a corporate gift of $7,500, its
employes sent in $725. and the sta
tion turned over the DuPont
Award check for SI,OOO to the
The Chinese Merchant’s Asso
ciation donated S3OO, while the
Boys’ Republic of Farmington sent
in $l3O which had been set aside
to buy new sports equipment.
In behalf of her son who has
been overseas 20 months. Mrs.
Christine Muehl, 5409 McClellan,
Kent in $5.
"No nne need tell nie the
wonderful work done hr the
Red ( nxw,’* she W’rote. “My son
haa written me many times
about It and said they.were at
his side In time of trouble and
Following is a list of other con
tributions of SSOO or morel
t'•troll N*wi rmployM loortUii 13 033
Sh«d4 Bonuab Food, lor, 3 OOP
Houl sutler 1 in
Hot*! St»tl»r raplev** 1 «7b
F L Fork A «3». •ropier** 1413
Genrrkl Mill* < L*rr?>w« dtv.) 1 20(1
Kmptore* BHS
*■>*)« Luftch Co. 3 000
Columbu Broadrciflnr Smoa 1 000
Con«r*w Tool A D»* Co. 1 000
Rtlmer Br* Co. 1 000
AnonrsMMM 1.000
Churrh of th* Cinr»n»nl RRS
t»*n*-Wlnt*r-H*M> Iru »nd *mplor«a 800
l-4f*r Bio* *nd tmptor**
Darin A Armntroni. Inr TOO
Bryant a OMwllrr Co *otf •mptoyro 087
1 >*: r r It •nd Hotel *n<l employ** ATS
D*txoU Kiirelope Co. ana rmplote*
F.aMnaos Kurnltur* Co *no employe* MS
Smith, Hlnchm*n A Uryllf, Inc. *no
Employ*, ( partial t B 834
Anonytnou* <IOO .
Will** f)om*t Tnr 800
Turner Brook* Inc. «nd *o*pin»*« ROO
R. L Folk A Co 800
M*r*thon Mneo Supply ftOO j
Mr. *nd Mr* Arthur Plel*hmtn 500 ;
1,600 Iwo Heroes
Given Medals 5
(INS)—An unprecedented cere
mony in which 1.600 Third and
Fourth Division marines, wounded
in the Iwo Jima campaign, were
presented with Purple Heart
awards, was a matter for histo
rians to record today.
In the greatest mass ceremony
of its kind ever held at an area
naval hospital. Vice Adm. John H.
Towers, deputy commander in
chief of the Pacific Fleet, yester
day made a presentation speech
before nearly 700 woundea ma
rines in an outdoor review, after
which high navy and marine offi
cers went through hospital wards
to pin the medals on the breasts
of 900 other Iwo casualties.
Assisting were 20 admirals,
commodores and marina generals,
including Lt, Gen, Holland M.
Reds Report Nazis
To Destroy Berlin
NEW YORK. March 31 (INS)
—Moscow radio reports prepara
tion* for the destruction of Berlin
have been completed by the Nazis.
Special demolition squads have
been appointed, according to the,
Reds, headed by the Berlin chief
of police, and specialists will su
pervise the destruction of the cap
ital to keep the Allies from cap
turing it
$ A 4% Comole+e
£ jjy
Tn'lliflini Atfh »r«d*. m»»*l**
Wutlfufl? uphol*t»r«l r*• * t ',
; vuuiliif h#»uUful C-»pi ni.
p,n« of (an rtiusli. a> knuwlMf m*nt
ctr <2 » can4)n and iand»iat>f#
na needed, prucurina
M'urUif permit, *urT ..
ttetaa of peraona! wrvi-p No
additl'jo*! cliara* lor um of althci
fune.al none.
Other faaeraU alm •< >iwa
Uaaal tala a Irina Sioo U
COI-mh.e 1144
Children Arrive
Prom Jap Prison
EDITOR'S NOTE— Sirtf-tix children, rtnened nifh their
rwrest* from death of flow starvation by .4m#t»caa s aldiere trhn
overran their prison ramp, harr arrived rn San A roncisro from the
Philippinet . I nited Prent liar (.’nrre*pnifrf#i*t Frank Hen left
returned on the same »hip and denrrthet the rfutrke left on theee
ninorenft' by Japunf»e uarlnrdn.
SAN FRANCISCO. March 31 OJP) — Bixty-»ix small
children took a long, hungry look at America today.
They were among the 365 Americans- liberated in the
Philippines who were brought hera aboard the converted
freighter Jean LaFitte. They were the moat priceless portion of
Huge Convoy
Battles Subs
LONDON, March 31 (l*Pi At
least one German submarine and
12 planes were destroyed by a
large Allied convoy which fought
ii* way through Nazi aitacka to
carry high priority war materials
to Russia. it wws announced today.
A large proportion of the shi|*
in the convoy were American ves
sels. manned by several thousand
U. S. merchant seamen. At least
6.000 officers and men of the Brit
ish Home Fleet took part in guid
ing the convoy to Russia and
The* convoy carried locomotives,
freight cars and other first pri
ority materials needed by the
Soviet armies for their drive
across Germany.
Ninety-four per cent of the
ships in the convoy reached their
destination, but the corvette Blue
bell was torpedoed and sunk, iwo
other Allied ships were damaged
and two naval fighters were lost.
In addition to the 12 enemy
planes shot down, seven were
damaged so severely that it was
doubtful they reached their bases.
The U-boat was sunk by shellfire
and depth charges and only one
survivor w'as found
The admiralty said recent Ger-,
man air and submarine attacks
were most persistent.
In Holdup
On# of Ihree armed bandits
being held by Illinois authorities
for the $20,000 robbery of the
First National Bank of Greenville,l
111., yesterday was Charles Pauls,
26, formerly of 1232 Collingwood. !
Fauls was nabbed by a posse
of farmers, townspeople and high
way patrolmen after a running
gun battle. With him was Stanley
Singer. 31, of Hammond. Ind. The
third bandit, Raymond Boos, 17,
of Indianapolis, was arrested
later. Fauls and Singer had
$3,500 when captured.
Detroit police records show
Fauls was arrested here and ex
tradited to Toledo Dec-. 18. 1943,
on an armed robbery charge. His
record also includes a 1938 con
viction for automobile theft in
Wilmington. 0., and a four-year
sentence in a federal penitentiary
in Lewisburg, Pa., on his comic
tion for th# interstate transpor
tation of a stolen car.
Jeffries' Tells' DPW
To Clean Up Streets
Declaring that Detroit streets
"were never dirtier.’’ Mayor Jef
fries has ordered DPW Commis
sioner Richards to ’get them
cleaned up."
Th# order came as Richards
was explaining why rubbish col
lection was more than a month
behind schedule. The common
council has appropriated $20,000 to
allow rubbish collection workers
an extra tw’o hours on each four
days of work.
Ele<*lrlf»al Director
lletirew at Edtaon
After nearly 45 years’ service,
William C. Miller, superintendent
of th# Detroit Edison electrical
system, had retired today. Hamid
W. Collins, formerly chief assist
ant, w’ill succeed Miller He will
he assisted by Dolmar D. Chase,
of the engineering staff.
Tha popularity of the three Harria Pra-Arrarifad Funsrsl
Plana results from these features: (1) protecta the family
from apending more than they should. (2) aaauriea exactly
the kind of funeral desired, and (3) avotdv many last
minute problems. No advance payment is neeanaery.
It is plain common sense to know something aboiut funeral
coats before the need arises. Investigate the Harris Pre-
Arranged Funeral Plans and other Harris moieey-eavinf
features now. There is no obligation.
I 1
/" c1 *• u ♦
Harris 1
lull 111 All 111 111
Ilf I M l S
that cargo.
The 351 civilians aboard the
ship were the? first to leave the
Santo Tomas and Bilibid intern
ment camps im Manila.
Some of the*# children have yet
to taste fresh cow s milk. Some
of them hav# never owned any
hut wooden shiO#s. They ate their
first oranges when our ship
stopped near llhe battleship Wash
ington and the generous personnel
of that battlew'agon sent the fruit
as a gift.
Among these 66 children, all
below ’teen age, were tikes who
had hovered around garbage cans
in quest of tu<ch food as wasn t
Rood enough fo>r their Jap guards
to eat.
Some of th# children ate snails,
relished cat n*at and considered
themselves luclky when their pal
try ration wa* augmented by
boiled weeds or roots.
They grew uip to the humilia
tion of being forced to bow datjy
to Jap sentries. Some jy4— them,
until their liberation eight wkeks
ago, had never <seen the outside of
the walls of Santo Tomas Univer
sity’s 50-acre ciampus.
The children were a constant
source of irritation to the Jap
commandant of Santo Tontas. His
last order oveir the internment
CHmp’s loudspeaker—less than an
hour before the 1 U. S. First ('av
al ry dashed into the oom|>ound
w'as that parents would be held
elsewhere if their children dis
obeyed his order that they atop
tmtering around the special
kitchen which prepared food for
the Jap guards.
Th# children wer# not mis
treated bodily. jSomc of the sol
diers—never th# officers some
times held youngsters on their
: knees.
Throughout th# 38 months of
f their internment at Santo Tomas,
the children below ’teen age were
fed from a special kitchen. But
during the final months there was
nothing extra for the kids. All
were hungry.
The games played by the chil
dren within the walls of Santo
Tomas weren’t like thoae nor
mally played by American young
sters. They imitated the camp
duties of their parents, including
the garbage collection, sweeping
and cleaning details.
They even placed "chow line,"
with one youngster carefully dish
ing out exact portions of mud
into tin buckets.
Another gam# was "roll call."
wherein one of tlheir group acted
as the Japanese guard and others
as room monitors who reported
on attendance amd then properly
bowed to the guard.
As children grew’ up in the
camp they didn’t talk of becom
ing firemen, policemen, teachers
or nurses. Instead, their ambitions
were to become "A mush cook like
Jmy daddy," or *\a room monitor
like mama ”
Doctors say that a few of the
Santo Tomas rhilldren may never
regain the growth lost by their
extended semistarvation diet.
British Troops Enter
Northern Holland
j LONDON. March 31 (INS)—A
| swing by British forces across the
German frontier into portions of
Nazi-occupied northern Holland
wßr reported todlay by both the
Free Dutch radio and the Gor
Canadian troop)#, according to
the Dutch transmitter, crossed the
German-Netherlands frontier and
advanced six to .seven miles into
. \
»$T SID!
Ailingle* SHII
Predict Delay
In Mine Strike
(INS) - A WLB order was
awaited today extending the pres
ent soft coal contract to avert a
work stoppage and make possible
continued miner-operator negoti
ations for a new wage agreement.
It was believed that the board
would order the current agree
ment continued for at least 30
days, with any subsequent w'age
adjustment retroactive to April 1.
The UMW Journal said the miners
‘will insist on full retroactive
I >aymen t."
IVspiie the deadlock previously
prevailing in the coal wage parley
and the operators’ rejection of
Secretary of Labor Perkins’ com
promise proposal, it appeared
possible the parties would seri
ously resume collective bargain
ing and try to settle the dispute
themselves once the extension is
sue is out of the way.
Some operators contend there
is no necessity for the WLB to
move in, hold hearings and issue
its own order for a new contract.
The miners are understood to he
willing to try again to bargain
it out.
' Although Secretary Perkins
certified the dispute to the WLB
following failure of her personal
conciliation efforts, negotiations
can continue and another session
of the joint bargaining committee
is scheduled Monday. The board
may be disposed to delay any
hearing on the merits of the case
and allow the disputants further
time for collective bargaining if
convinced such a course might
bring results.
Secretary Perkins, in her com
promise proposal which was ac
cepted by UMW President John
L. Lewis, eliminated the union’s
demands for a 10 cent a ton roy
alty on coal. The operators have
maintained*!hat Lewis’ insistence
on this demand blocked sincere
Meantime, the miners received
support for their wage case from
AFT. President William Green,
who described their campaign as
a “justifiable fight’’ to obtain “de
cent wages and humane conditions
of employment for ihe mine work
ers of the nation” Green’s sur
prise statement was considered
highly significant in view of ef
forts to bring Lewi* back into
the AFL.
Green criticized the coal opera
tors for blocking attempts of the
miners to raise the industry to a
higher economic level and de
clared the mine owners should
have promptly granted practically
all of the 18 demands in the
UMW’s 1945 wage program.
•laps Reel
On Negros
MANILA. March 31 (INS»—
American forces in th# Philip
pines loday were smashing crum
bling enemy defenses on Negros
Island, last In the archipelago
still under Japanese control.
The American invasion of Ne
gros was disclosed in a com
munique issued by (Jen. Mac-
Arthur, which heralded collapse
of the Japanese hold on the
Visayan Islands in the central
The Negros landing was made
by elements of Maj. Gen Rapp
Brush’s 40th Infantry Division.
The Yanks captured two towns
and the airstrip on the outskirts
of Bacolod. capital of Negros.
Fall of the capital was con
sidered imminent.
Ray Millands Part
(INS)—Screen star Ray Milland
and his wife have decided upon a
trial separation, it was announced
today by Mrs. Milland.
Ethel Barrymore says:
I ' mi
sSjy* m t
■r y j.JZmV+V* ■v ; * r 4 iBI
W\ s v il
r >fi > “f a.
“Guiding YXung Lives into habits of tolerance,
consideration and generosity to others, pays big
dividends in happiness for all concerned,** says
Kthel Barrymore. “Crest Lady" of the American
I hratre and slar of the Sunday afternoon Blue
fretwork radio program “Mi*.* Hattie.’*
“This Irulh —Mi well dramatized in *ome of our
greatest plays— i* aiw*v« a ha«i* of happine** in
real life. Thi* i* beaulifully shown m the fender
an<l rt V”* ji' r> V' J, ' K | Hrl n ,<llJ ' ,n ,hr
Today’s Times War Map
k-v 1 ip — stettin. i
3 tdS” w fiERMAIirA
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:oVMAR.i.fRE(BUR§_J®I . /-^ u nt»S
’■ /d MUNICH fV ‘
*■> A __
Mi I I M«TB» 1
Map by Detroit Tlnaa Staff Artlat. March 91, 1941
Where 17. S. First and Ninth Army forces in the
north have staged a giant pincer movement, virtually
cutting off the vital Ruhr valley and plunging to points
little more than 175 miles from Berlin. The gap between
the armies wan little more than 40 miles while British
forces were reported within 65 miles of a junction with
the First Army. The Third Army is at leaat 05 miles
east of the Rhine and the Seventh has entered Heidelberg.
Nazi Command
Peace Plea Seen
(Continued from Page One)
of the Ruhr and its vital indus
tries. Closing of the gap possibly
would entrap tens of thousands of
(An OWI report attributed to
the Stockholm Tidningen said
that open revolt against the
Germans had appeared in Aus
tria. where in the last 24 hours
more than 50 Nazi party leaders
and gpstapo officials were said
to havp been killed.
<A Zurich report *aid that
the German minister at Bern
had left for an unknown des
(Radio Paris said that Albert
von Ilindenberg. nephew of the
late president of Germany, had
appealed to the wehrmacht to
lay down its arms. Von Hin
denberg is a prisoner of the
French )
Unconfirmed reports said that
Field Marshal Goering had com
suicide and that Kesselring
had been stripped of his rank.
The London Daily Mirror quoted
a Swiss radio report that an anti-
Nazi revolt had broken out at the
Hamburg docks, traditional hot
bed of Communist intrigue.
(J. C. Oostreicher. Interna
tional News Service foreign
editor, in a review of the flood
of rumors pouring into London,
pointed out that this might be
a nesv phase of the Nazi peace
(He pointed out that reporta
of disintegration of German
morale might bf traced to Prus
sian factions still hopeful of a
compromise peace with Britain
and the United States on the
grounds of preserving western
civilization against Russia )
~ advertisement" “
Woman Faces Charge
Of Violating Probation
Miss Ester R. Maziasz. 21, of
6038 Lonyo, who was found guilty
last July of stealing two war
bonds, today was to appear before
Federal Judge Ernest K. O’Brien
on charges of violating her
Sunrise fifties Set
In 'Garden of Gods*
31 (INS)—Hundreds of America s
battle veterans, many of them
only days away from zones of
combat, will be guests tomorrow’
in the picturesque “Garden of the
Gods” at Colorado Springs at the
25th annual Easter sunrise
In addition, thousands of civil
ians and servicemen will witness
the services.
When Fire-Fighting was a Sport
In the good old days fire-fighting ranked as a sport instead of the
efficient, well-organized public safety service which it is today.
fn the 90 s a fire was announced by the ringing of the big City
Hall bell or by the clanging of a church bell which called out the
,volunteers and brought them hurrying to man the engines and
harness the horses. Fire fighting amounted to a contest between
fire companies and individual volunteers to see which could be
on the scene of the fire and have their pumps working first.
Rutted, unpaved streets forced the fire department to adopt
the wood-planked sidewalks as their regular thoroughfare.
Bounding wheels and fl\ing hoofs splintered and crumbled the
rotting planks of the walks, and engine hubs
raked and sometimes demolished long lines of
picket fences. «-
“Going to a fire** in the good old days ranked
right up with a circus in excitement.
WPB Readies
Cutback Plan
(INS)—An elaborate plan'for cut
backs in military production and
partial reconversion was reported
today to have been completed by
the WPB in anticipation Of early
collapse of German military forces.
The program, it was reported in
congressional circles, has been
ready for tw’o weeks, but an
nouncement was delayed because
of probable adverse effect on the
manpower bill now pending in the
Disclosure that a cutback had
been made in naval plans for “in
surance” construction, which
strengthened the hands of oppo
nents of the manpower bill, was
followed by clamping down secrecy
on general reconversion plans.
War Mobilization Director
Byrnes, in a week-end quarterly
report, may disclose to the nation
the extent of the cutbacks and
reconversion during the period of
the Japanese war after organized
German resistance ends.
Originally top production offi
cials estimated a 30 to 40 per cent
cutback after Germany’s defeat,
but later this was reduced to 10
to 12 per cent.
Within the last few days Presi
dent Roosevelt and other high
officials, in discussing the situa
tion with congressional leaders,
have emphasized the magnitude of
the Job of defeating Japan com
pletely. They have pointed out
that there are 4,000,000 Japanese
soldiers who have never come in
contact with the Americans.
The changeover to a 100 per
cent war against Japan, produc
tion officials said, means a sharp
reduction in some demands but
also an increase in others with
manufacture of new weapons.
Japs Continue
Laohokow Drive
NEW YORK. March 31 (INS)
The Japanese Domei agency said
today that Japanese forces driv
ing to clear the area west of the
Peiping-Hankow railway in China's
Hupeh Province were attacking
the city of Laohokow after seiz- j
ing the former American airbase
outside the city Tuesday.
The Domei dispatch, recorded
by the FCC, said that fierce hand
to-hand fighting had preceded the
Japanese seizure of the airfield
km ir* md ShO
Kjrr/*««#/♦ Own td mmd o\**r*ttd
Trip Set 1
To Reich
LONDON, March 31 (INS)—
Senior officers of the Allied con*
trol commission are expected t«
leave for Germany within the next
few days to complete plans for
occupation of a defeated Reich*
political circles said today.
Plans for occupation already
have been far advanced. Britlah.
American and French officers
have fully agreed on a division
of responsibility in areas to be
occupied on a long-term basis.
Close liaison will be maintained
by the western Allies with Rus
sian authorities.
A Stockholm dispatch to the
London Daily Mail said that the
greatest exodus in history is in
full swing inside the greater
Reich. Residents of Berlin, Prague,
Bratislava and Vienna, it was
said, are being evacuated. They
are joining millions of others—
probably more than 20,000,000
who have wandered around home
less inside Germany tojr weeks.
Mixed with this mass of civi
lians. it was said, are units or
the German army heading: for the
upper Danube area and into the
inner fortress “redoubt” area*
where Hitler and his Nazi leader*
are reported planning to make a
last stand.
Drive Launched
For Old Clothes
NEW YORK, March 31 (INS)
—With the admonition that this
was one of the most humanitarian
efforts ever undertaken by any
nation in the world, shipbuilder
Henry J. Kaiser launched a na
tionwide clothing hunt today to
provide clothing, shoes and bed
ding for 25.000.000 men. women
and children in devastated Eu
rope. .
As chairman of the United Na«|
tions clothing collection, Kaiser
opened the campaign last night
with a radio address urging every
one to ransack homes, garages
and storage bins from top to bot
tom for every bit of serviceable
clothing. The drive will continue
through April.
Objective of the campaign Is
150.000,000 j>ounds of clothing,
bedding and shoes,
Mr*. Haiti a wav'd
Funeral Tuesday
Services for Mr*. Cecelia Mr-
Peak Hathaway will be held at
10 a. m. Tuesday at the Blessed
Sacrament Cathedral on Wood
ward with burial in Holy Sepul
chre Cemetery.
Mrs. Hathaway, who died
Thuraday night, is survived by
her husband. Arthur, city editor
of the Detroit News, and six sons
five in the armed forces.
orvN mom

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