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Under the habitual criminal la's,
Thomas E. Bell of Kansas was sent to prison for 20 years for burglary at Cambridge, Mass. The Leeds (England) Physlcal Cul ture society is starting a campaign against hats. At the next meeting it will be proposed that members at all time appear without head-covering. Sensible emigrants will probably realize that ten dollars is a suspicious ly low passage rate to a country where one is supposed to be able to pick up gold in the streets. A Boston paper says that one should "smile just as one is going to sleep." Now, how can that be done? Nobody can tell the exact instant he is going to sleep, and the effort of holding the face in readiness would keep anybody awake. Try some eas Ler plan. In this happy season of weddings it b pleasant to read that the number of divorces granted by the supreme court of Maine has recently fallen off 50 percent. The lottery is apparently drawing fewer blanks than it used to down Maine way. The savlpgs banks report a gain of 2,000,000 depositors during the past five years, and qufte a good proportion of them are probably farmers, since the Sarmers as a class shared in the gener al prosperity of the period. Financial history suggests that the savings banks are about the safest places for small sums. Country life in America offers some Interesting figures on the comparative cost of keeping horses and automobiles. Summing up the expense, this writer says a large touring car, considering depreciation and the chauffeur's sal ary, could and would cost $2405 a year as against $1257 for a team of horses with coachman; while a small ma thine of the "second class" might cost $525 as against $448 for one horse. As for efficiency and use around a country place, the machines are given the przf erence. The shipment of apples from Nova oSotia to England continues. The steamer City of St. John's recently carried 10,000 barrels, and there were said to be 20,000 barrels still in the Annapolis Valley, waiting to be 1hip ped. It is estimated that the total shipment this year will reach 400, 000 barrels, nearly all of which were forwarded via Halifax. Leading deal ers estimated that, taking the home market figures into consideration, over 500,000 barrels of merchantable apples were harvested in the AnnapoUs Val ley last autumn, which averaged $2.75 & barrel. The government will give away con siderable homestead land in South Da iota within a few weeks. The "gift" however, requires final payment of $4 per acre, and not one in 10 of the appli ants will get land, as there are not nearly enough quarter sections, good, bad or medium, to meet the usual rush on such occasions. Probably many of the land hunters will have uselessly spent money traveling away from good eastern farming localities, where ex cellent farms tre- to be had free by anybody who will pay, or promise to pay, for the buildings, says the Amer ican Cultivator. The use of food preservatives is a present subject of discussion on oppo site sides of the world. Australia and Npw Zealand have settled the qpestlgp by fixing a legal standard for the alpount and kind of preservatives, gad how they must be used. Washington experts, now in convention, are con sddering whether eanners should be al. lowed to use chemicals on fruit and vegetables which it is necessary to store for a short time before canning. It appears from various tests made that small quantities of these sub. stances do little or no harm to the con sumer, but it is feared that permission, if given at all, might be abused. It is possible, too, that the prejudice galnst treated foods might injure the market more than enough to cffset the saving of quickly perishable products. What. ever is decided at Washington will, of course, not be binding to anybody, but the conclusions will, no doubt, greatly influence future food laws in the vari. ens states. A TRAGEDY OF THE SLUMS. REMARKABLE STORY ABOUT A GANG OF LONDON THIEVES. Hero Born in a Workhouse Is Finally Adopted by a Benefactor-Made Sole Heir to Fortune--Full Confes sion of a Plotter. Ends Mystery. The New York Globe reprints the following "special to the Globe" un der the date line "London, June 22, 1838:" Through a sensational slum murder and the revelation by it of a gang of thieves and cut-throats, Scotland Yard has unearthed a most interesting ro mance and incidently restored to his fortune a young boy, who, despite his few years, has gone through more than ordinarily comes to men in the full course of their lives. A quarter of a century ago society was greatly interested in the marriage of the late Edwin Leeford, then a young man in his teens, with a lady of high po sition several years his senior. The marriage, which had as its issue one son, did not turn out happily, and in a few years Mrs. Leeford, taking her son, went to the continent to live. Some time later intimate friends of the family were greatly troubled over reports of a liason between Mr. Lee ford and an estimable young woman, the daughter of a reitred officer. Then a relative died, leaving Mr. Leeford his fortune. Mr. Leeford went to Rome to settle the estate and died while there, without leaving, so far as then known, a will. The where abouts of the unfortunate young wo man became a mystery, for she left her father's roof and was supposed to have made away with herself. Now, however, it is known that she died in a county workhouse after having given birth to a son, who has come to be the hero of this latest causes celebde, and is to enjoy what is left of his half of the estate left by his unfortunate father, whose will, it turns out, was destroyed shortly after his death by his wife. Last week, it will be remembered, Spitalfields was greatly excited by the murder of a notorious woman named Sikes. The murderer was her lover, known as "Bill," who a few days later, was killed while attempting to elude pursuit. The crime was a di rect outcome of the romance to which reference has been made. According to the police, the boy when he left the workhouse fell into the hands of a gang of thieves wnmcn has existed for several years in the east end, under the leadership of one Fagin. Their efforts to make a thief out of him failed, but it ultimately put him in the way of coming into his own. He was arrested on a charge of pocket picking preferred by Mr. Brownlow, a gentleman of means, and discharged for lack of surmcient evidence. Mr. Brownlow became in terested in the boy and took him home, but a few days later members of the gang, the murdered woman and her brother kidnapped him for fear that he would tell what he knew to the police. Later he was taken by the murderer and another thief to help them in robbing the house of Mrs. Maylie and in the melee that followed the boy was badly hurt. Again he fell into the hands of the police, but this time Mrs. Maylie oame to his rescue and provided him with a home. In the meantime, it seems, his half brother, Edward Leeford, had be come cognizant of his existence, and conscious of the fact that the boy was heir to half his father's property, undertook to destroy all proof of his identity. Leeford is a bad character, and, under the name of "Monks," has consorted with thieves more or less, including Fagin. He decided, there; fore, to have Fagin get hold of the boy and keep him, for he himself had secured and destroyed some little mementoes that had been taken from the boy's unfortunate mother by her nurse. In the gang of disreputable charac ters into which the boy had fallen he had found one friend, the Sikes woman. She undertook to warn Miss R6se Maylie, Mrs. Maylie's niece, of the conspiracy against the boy, and suceeeded in her effort, but Fagin, suspecting her, had her shadowed, and then told her brother that she had betrayed him to the police. This was the cause of the murder. The developments from then on were very rapid. Mr. Brownlow, the first protector of the boy, turned out to be the closest friend of his father and one who for years had been try ing to find traces of him. When he first had the boy he suspected that he was Edward Leeford's son, be cause of his striking resemblance to a portrait of his mother. Mr. Brown low succeeded after much difficulty in getting hold of Edward Leeford, alias Monks, and secured a full con fession from him, how his mother had destroyed the will, how he himself had followed the boy up and sought to get rid of him without resorting to murder, and how he had plotted to have Fagin kidnap him again. Aere over, he gave the interesting news that Miss Rose Maylie is the boy's aunt. It seems that his father, over whelmed with sorrow and shame at the fate of his elder daughter, retired to the country and changed his name. At his death his daughter, Rose was adopted by Mrs. Maylie, whom she has always regarded as her aunt. With the death of Sikes and his sister, the arrest and certain convic tion of Fagin, the gang of pickpockets and thieves has been fairly well brok en up. John Dawkins, alias the "Art ful Dodger;" Charles Bates, and Toby Crackit. other members of the gang are also in custody. The hero of the romance will henceforth be known as Oliver Brownlow, having been adopt ed by his benefactor, and he will soon forget his workhouse name of Oliver Twist. It is learned from the solic itors of the family that little is left of his father's fortune, a matter of £6,000, but Mr. Brownlow is wealthy and has male his his sole heir. THE GREAT WALL OF CHINA. Its Important Influence in Compelling Neutrality of the Empire. Secretary of State Hayrs proposal 41 the powers to limit the war area in the Far East within a region con siderably northward of the Great Wall of China harmonizes with a policy outlined some weeks ago by tl-e Standard (London) and the Voss i.he Zeitung (Berlin). The United Sates, however, was not credited W'th the design of initiating the idea, which, according to the English pa per, aims at preventing a fight of ttk Chinese dynasty from Pekin. Such flight might not only play into the hands of Russia, by enabling her to gain a new hold over the court, btt might rouse the masses of the Chinese "to find again some of the ranatic courage which animated the s called Boxers." According to the Japan Daily Mail (iokohama), there is reason to sus pe::t that Russia may have a sort of ag'eement with the empress. dowager relinquishing to the former, in certain contingencies, all of China outside of the Great Wall. The alleged aigree meoit has some importance kit pres ent, according to the Independance Beige (Brussels), for the, reason that Ch!na does not regard her territory north of the Great Wall as constitut ing an untegral portion fo her empire. Tho Chinese point of view regarding this matter is set forth more fully in the Empire du Milieu (Paris) by M. Albert de Pouvourville: The frontiers of China proper, which are defenseless in spite of the childish but gigantic work known as the Great Wall, as composed of feud atory states, singular polltical con trivances of which a word should be said. These states, which enjoy au tonomy and absolute sovereignty, are "assigned" to the Chinese empire by a kind of moral feudalism. The son of heaven, claiming to be the father of the whole yellow race, was nominal sovereign and received the verbal homage of the kingdoms thus constituted. In return he promised his did in their disputes and difficul ties. On the other hand, the latter, through their geographical situation, as well as through their fealty, were to halt, impede and prevent invasion by enemies of the Chinese empire. They were given the official name of "Fan" (barriers), and they were to use up the energies of the enemy be tore his arrival upon the home soil. They were buffers deadening all shocks, fields of war to which the Chinese were to come to avoid the dangers and the expense of military occupation at home. This capable conception saved China for centu ries. The point of view from which the Chinese regard Manchuria, Corea and other outlying regions of their em pire explains their comparative indif. ference to the progress of the Russo. Japanese crisis, thinks the Neue Frele Prese (Vienna), which has the benefit of the views of a former Ger man minister to China. But the strategic value of the Great Wall, we are further reminded, is Chinese rather than military in the western sense. "The materials of this Im mense fortifaation would sumflee for a wall six 'eet 'high and two feet wide long enough to encirdle the globe twice at the equator." It will be the aim of powers friendly to Japan, sur mises the European press, to keep Russians in mind of the territorial Integrity symbolized by the Great Wall. But the London Times expects that the grand aim of the Russians will be "on to Pekin." The Mother Doubts. Miss Georgia Butst of Lincoln, Kan., said her mother was too slow in the chicken business. and that she would show the old fogies how to do it. So Georgia bought a nice new incubator and set it up in the barn. The first night the incubator caught fire, burned up the most of the barn, a lot of furniture stored in it, a couple of buggies, a six-weeks-old calf, and all of mother's setting hens. And mother says the young things of these days are not half so smart as they think they are.-Ra sas City (Mo.) JournaL GIBRALTAR'S DAY GONE. NOTED FORTRESS IS NO LONGER OF GREAT IMPORTANCE. It Dominates One of the Most Fre. quented Waters in the World-lf Trust Were Put in It as a Naval Base Great Britain Might Be DI. appointed. For nearly 200 years, or since its capture in 1704 by the British Admi ral Rooke, down to a very recent period, the rock of Gibraltar has been the synonym for impregnability, and its possession has been thought to invest Great Britain with an abso lute control over the entrance to the Mediterranean, says theo Philadelphia Inquirer. It dominates one of the most fre quented waters in the world. From every quarter of the wide horizon which is visible from its summit the steamship tracks converge. Those coming from the east, from the ports of the Mediterranean, from China, In dia, Australia, and the far Pacific, cross those which arrive there from England and the United States, from France and Germany, from South America and western Africa, and every day throughout the year near ly 200 vessels defile between the col umns of Hercules and pass in sight of the gigantic fortress which stands there on guard. Such being the case, it is no won der that Great Britain, with its vast commerce to protect and its distant colonies and dependencies to guard, should these two centuries past have held on to the place with such a te nacious grasp, or that it should have spared nothing in its efforts to im prove to the uttermost the natural advantages of the position, and to make Gibraltar, in very fact, the key to the inland sea at whose entrance its is situated. The control of the Mediterranean was never so impor tant to Great Britain as it is today, when the road to India and the East, which used to lie around the Cape of Good Hope, has been diverted to the Suez Canal and the Red Sea, and to make use of that control against what ever opposition may be encountered has been and is the constant solici tude of the British government. Everything that is possible has been done not only to render Gibral tar impregnable, but to develop its full utility as a naval base. The rock has been honeycombed with gal leries and stocked to the limit with provisions and munitions of war. Im mense cisterns have been built to hold the water of which the place by nature is devoid. There is a stand ing coal pile of 100,000 tons and the regular strength of the garrison is 10,000 men. On the summit of the hill 200 guns of heavy calibre and modern pattern have been installed, and as the harbor was insufficient for the present need the British govern ment lately undertook its extension, and is now engaged in the execution of plans, at an estimated cost of $22, 000,000. which it expects to complete in about a year or eighteen months from date. Yet a grave doubt has been raised as to the wisdom of this expenditure, and there are those who declare that the trust which is placed in Gibral tar as a naval base might, if put to the test, be disappointed. That the position dominates the entrance to the Mediterranean has ceased to be true. It did so in the days of sailing vessels, because owing to the set of the ocean currents such vessels were compelled to come close to the rock in order to get through the straits. Things are different now. From Gib raltar to Ceuta, on the African coast, is fourteen miles, and, as there is plenty of deep water off Ceuta; ves sels propelled by steam can traverse the narrows beyond the effective range of the British guns. The domt nation of the Mediterranean by the fortress is at an end. But that is not all or the worst. The experts have discovered that the port, the towl. the new harbor, the barracks, every thing, would be within range of heavy artillery placed on Spanish soil any where along the whale stretch of the Bay of Algeciras at distances varying from 6,000 to 10,000 yards. It s unnecessary- to demonstrate the gravity of that circumstance. Its etect upon the military value of.Gib raltar is obvious. In view of it so good an authority as Sir Charles Dilke is ar jing that if Spain could be induced o exchange Ceuta for Gib raltar it would be a good bargain for Great Britain. THE MATTER OF MARRYIN. Few Women Prefer "Independence" to the Old-Fashioned Marriage Relation. A minister of the Gospel has writ ten an article for a magazine discus sing the question, "Why Women do Not Marry." The captain demon strates the article to be a fraud. It is the statement of a "conundrum" that does not exist, for the purpose of showing a great deal of saplency in answering the question. Women do marry, though this minister in sists that if they do they frequently put the wedding off till after thirty. It is true that a of the gentler sex enjoy edness till they have reache.jd maid" age, and some of th m alone for their whole live, ladies themselves will not be if the opinion is expresse t great majority of such postponement is on accont: cumstances over whicathem themselves have no control.c, If there are fewer marsl; there used to be it is beeaa and the economic system, ha deranged. The shifting' of sponsibility of making a l-f worked hardship to both ~ explanation is made that with an enhanced sense of rights is unwilling to 8serls - own individuality on the one to become the economic elayre man on the other." This is *t It is insulting to all true Di women. There is hardly a struggling to make her ow - and maintaining her "Ind who would not be glad to her condition for that of the ioned marriage relation. It h s same way with the men. nothing in human effort 'batbs bring complete happiness to man or woman, in single or d' life. Getting through the ' ldi:j rather heavy responsibility at - best. The old plan, though, .Of thu going out into the world iu the hard knocks and winls1g bread, and the woman pres(yfl the house and doing her g to the rising generation, is the al and ideal condition. A great many of the women time have not been raised or cated for the pride and beauty mesticity. They have beeni up for clerks in the U.iitýd Treasury Department, and graphers in counting roomsi and like," and the current talk kbort happy life of "the bachelor gi ' rank heresy. The phrase girl" ought to be expunged. It kI affront to womanhood. And all the upset conditio things is not the fault of the w who work in occupations monopolized by men. Thir bravely doing the best there i't them to do, and a lot of the men i loafing about doing nothihg. T have not the touch of reflnlnmest s do women's work. There has bel no trade of employment betwaeesa l.: sexes. A considerable number tilt young men of the Country have bes simply 'side-tracked." - Cinciets Enquirer. Baby Hippo's NMrrow ~cmapa The Popular Science Monthly ts~m a story of hippopotamus mother 0 that is almost human. A baby hips potainus was born in an English He was about the size of a pig, pinkis 'in 'color and very ful. One day when he was young, the baby dived to the of the tank. He tried time after to climb up the sides, but soap back exhausted. The keepers were gataeret the tank in great anxietYbotut to help. The mother, however, ried to her baby with her e haste. She dived, put her broad under him, and shovelled hiLe.m held him above the suraet untiti had recovered his breath,., . rested. It was nearly half an itf the little fellow was able tO another attempt. Thean . huge effort. Mamma Hi gave a big shove with herhed Baby Hippopotamus .l.#ab - E phantly up the side of the tai, Love on the 'Phon. The manager of the big store stood stock-still oat.ids tle box-like chamber whiet telephone of the establishmanº was a very startled manl*e Within the chamber he -a61 Miss Jones, the typewritr, and this is a scrap of the ea, tion the scandalir d man "I love .you dear, and o weeping my heart away! darling, speak to me~ s.c love you, deer-I love youa The young woUlan ral o stepped out of the cabinet to the angry manager. "Miss Jones,' hh said tt phone has been fixed wlheSit the purpose of conven1is i ducting business, not for in office hours. I am you. Don't let it occur agalu The young woman frosze WO a glance. "I was orderiag t.. songs from the publishab' r Department,' she explained, And then the manager felt that was a cold world, indeed. A proposition to appropri for five years for Peabody Nashville, was declined by Porter of Tennessee for 'the1 that nothing but a permalelt priation would be siuSo.i ~ A pretty face is the bet a broken heart.