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SUBSTITUTES FOR MEAT.
NUTRITIVE DISHES OF FISH, EGGS AND CHEESE. Nuts, If Eaten at the Proper Time, Are a Good Substit- a for Animal Food-Mushrooms Are Wholesome. Meat Very Much Overvalued. The threatened famine of meat spurred the wise housewife to look about for something to take its place. The substitute must, of course, be equal to meat in nutritive value, and cost no more than it did before prices began to soar. This is fortunately an easier matter to face in summer than in winter, though in some families it will be difficult to find anything that will really be as acceptable as meat. Although meat is strengthening and stimulating, its nutritive properties are exaggerated in the mind of the average person. Too much meat clogs up the system, making an unnecessary amount of blood. It is said on good authority that only laboring men who work outdoors need the blood making qualities of meat three times a day. Among the peasants of Europe, how ever-and they are a hardy people meat is not much used, eggs, cheese and milk taking its place. Attractive dishes of fish, cheese and Eggs dressed in new ways are good aubstitutes for meat. Nuts are very nutritious, and if eaten at proper times there is no better substitute for ani mal food. Some physiologists go so tar as to assert that nuts contain more elements of nourishment than butter and meat combined. When there is a scarcity of meat it is a good plan to serve nuts quite freely, with plenty of salt or in cooked dishes. They are, of course, not good in quality at present, anld not an especially cheap substitute. Mushrooms are also wholesome. Peas a.d beans are rich in proteids. An appetizing way of serving baked beans is t1 place a small onion in the bot tom of the pipkin and bits of butter on top of the beans to L.ve them a very rich, brown crust. Rich fn.h, like salmon, bluefish, mackerel and others, in which the oil is about, evenly distributed through the flesh, are more nutritious than codfish, halibut and the dried fish. When most of the oil centres in the liver, as in the cod, cusk and others, the flesh of the fish deteriorates rapidly. When it is evenly divided through the body, it gives the flih a rich, fine flavor, and tends to pre:'erve it. Among the many rich, cheap fish, bluefish must he considered as one of the best. Cod, halibut, haddock, Ken nebec salmon, Restigouche salmon, common mackerel and Spanish mack erel are also abundant and in their best condition. The4e are numberless other good fish from the lakes and streams, as well as from the ocean. In selecting a fish the flesh must be firm and bright, never limp or dull looking. It should be washed in clear, cold water, but not be allowed to stand in it. If fish is not wash 'd whole before the flesh is cut into, it loses its flavor in the washing. Cheese is rich in nutritive elements. There has been a populal belief that it is not easily digested. This objection, however, applies only to roor and new cheese. Cheeses that are old and rich are not only easily digested, but pro mote the digestion of other foods. Cook books usually contain, an abun dant supply of recipes for rich and wholesome cheese dishes-roasted or toasted cheese, souffles, Welsh rabbits, omelets, etc. Therefore there should be no lack of variety. In the height of summer fancy and wholesome dishes of eggs, which are rich in proteids, may take the place of meat very satisfactorily for a while at least. A novel way of serving eggs is the following: Poach them until ten der and firm throughout. Just before sending to the table place them on delicate slices of toast and cover each egg with rich grated cheese. Serve with a little spicy sauce or ketchup. Sometimes the eggs and cheese are placed in the oven for a few minutes before serving, until the cheese is soft ened. Another way of serving eggs is in the form of a Spanish omelet. Make a large omelet, using six fresh eggs. Beat them thoroughly together, adding about half a cup of milk and plenty of salt and pepper. Just before folding the omelet spread on it some tomato sauce. Then fold and place on a plat ter with a little parsley, and if de sired, serve a tomato sauce with it. An excellent tomato sauce for this purpose is the following, which does not demand meat stock in its make-up: Put one tablespoonful of butter in a frying pan. When melted add a tiny white onion and three slices of carrot, minced fine; half a sprig of thyme, half a bay leaf, half a spray of bleach ed celery, cut in small pieces, two sprigs of minced parsley, and, if con venient, a tablespoonful of boiled ham, also finely minced. Let the herbs and vegetables cooks for five minutes, then stir in a large heaping table spoonful of flour, and when this browns add a quart of canned or ripe tomatoes. Select tomatoes which pos sess a large proportion of pulp to the seeds. Cook this sauce 45 minutes, season with a scant teaspoonful of salt, a saltspoonful of pepper and a tablespc,onrul of sugar. When cookeA strain through a sieve (a Scotch cap sieve is the best). This sauce, It place is a covered earthen jar near the ice in the refrigerator, will keep for several weeks. It is delicious served with eggs, macaroni and many other dishes. The following recipe is recommend ed by a New England housewife: Take a pint of stewed tomatoes which have been cooked for half an hour and season with salt, pepper and butter. Having broken six eggs into a dish, slide them carefully upon the toma toes, and as the whites stiffen slightly pull up the edges. When they have become opaque prick the yolks, allow ing them to run out over the whites and the tomatoes. When they have become the consistency of cream turn the mixture out upon a platter on which are arranged slices of buttered toast.-New York Tribune. TO LET FEET GROW. Edict Causes Chinese Women to Re lease Pedal Extremities. China's Dowager Empress has ceased to admire small feet. In her eyes these painfully acquired and long admired distortions of the Chinese "lady of rank" are no longer beautiful, and an imperial edict to this effect has been issued. In San Francisco, where so many of her subjects live, parents of the little Chinese girls have released the tiny feet from bcnd age upon hearing of the new com mand. "The edict will have little effect in New York, however, for although there are about 65 Chinese woman in China town only two of them belong to the class with which foot binding is a cus tom and tradition. Dr. Esther M. Bok. the woman phy sician who personally knows every Chinese woman in New York, said: "The two small footed women who live in Chinatown went through terri ble torture to acquire small feet in their childhood. When they had been in America for some time they began to weary of the bandages and longed to have feet like American women, so they could walk about. The feeling of caste no longer constrained them and they caught something of the spirit of the freedom of this country even in the retirement in which they lived. It was impossible to take off all the ban dages at once, the pain would have been too great, but it was done gradu ally. "Unfortunately, the women are lit tle better off, how ever, as far as walk ing is concerned than when their feet were bound up, for these members are permanently disfigured and disquali fied for walking. The four toes are all bent under the great toe and never can be straightened out to their nor mal shape again. "One of these women has a little daughter, but she could not be per suaded to subject the child to the suf fering which she underwent. The girl, who is quite pretty, wears com fortable shoes and has well shaped feet. Her mother is so glad that she can walk about like American girls." "It is a good thing for China." said, a progressive Chinese in regard to the edict yesterday. "For this country it does not matter much. We have got beyond it. Even in China the ideas have been changing, so that many fam ilies, even those of rank and impor tance, have abandoned the practice of foot binding. The feeling against it has grown just like the desire for edu cation." The children of Mott and Pell streets, boys and girls alike, wear the most comfortable looking shoes imag inable, light in weight and permitting free circulation of air. They are dec orated more or less elaborately, ac cording to the circumstances and taste of the parents, but they are not tight, and there is not the sign of a bandage on the youthful Chinese foot through out the winding thoroughfares of Chinatown.-New York Herald A Rainy Country. The annual rainfal on the Khasia Hills, to the northeast of Calcutta, amounts to some 600 inches, 500 inch es of which fall in the seven months during the southwest monsoon. It is undoubtedly the wettest spot on the globe. As many as 150 inches have been registered in five consecutive days, or an average of 30 inches a day. Spoiled His Chance. "Yes, she rejected him because of a bad break he made when he was pro posing to her." "What was that?" "He told her she was 'one in a thou sand.' She thinks she's one of the Four Hundred."-Philadelphia Public Ledger. About Sleeping Sickness It has been noticed by the Congo ex pedition dispatched by the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine to ;tury sleeping sickness, that in a large per centage of cases actual sleep is not a marked feature of the disease. In a parliamentary answer the sec retary of the British admiralty gives the average cost of maintaining a first class battleship of 13.000 tons as 94,. 000 pounds sterling. f f 0o .7 o O 9 -I , A BUTTERFLY IN TOWN. Little white comrade, down the dusty way, Under the shadow of buildings tall and gray, Is your tiny life a message from the land Of open skies the town will under stand? Do you ever seek the dream that was born in your heart to be? Clover and sunlight, daisies and wind and sea! Where will you pause to rest those spirit wings? Clovers? The city knows not of these things; Only the pavement stretching dull and gray. Only the crowds surging their end less way, Somewhere the summer lies with Its depth of blue, The dune-grass sways, as the sea winds rustle through, And bobolinks are singing in the sky! How have we come astray here, you and I? -Laura Mackay, in Youth's Com panion. HOW TEDDY HELPED. Teddy's papa owns a large cattle ranch. One summer there was a drought. The springs dried up, and 2he streams became trickling rills or disappeared altogether. The cattle wandered restlessly over the range in learch of water. Teddy's father sent to the nearest town and had men some with steam drills and iron pipes to bore an artesian well, so that there would always be plenty of water for cattle. They bored down several hundred feet in hopes of finding an underground stream, but they could not do so, and had to give up Lhe quest. They went away, taking their tools with them, but leaving-what greatly interested Teddy-a deep hole lined with iron pipe. He would take the board off the pipe and peer down, and then drop in a rock and see how uiany he could count before it struck the bottom. One night after he had gone to bed he heard his papa talking to his mamma. He said: "Last winter's blizzard killed'scores of cattle, and now this drought comes. They are suffering for water and better pas ture. It is all outgo and no income. I don't know how long we can keep it up. In a few years Teddy will be Diold enough to help me, but I can't put a ten-year-old boy on the round up; nor keep him all day in the saddle, looking after the cattle." Teddy did lots of serious thinking during the next few days. How he wished he could help his papa in some way! And the opportunity came in a way, Teddy least expected. One day he walked over to where the men had bored for the artesian well. He peered into it, but it was as black as night. He gathered a handful of long, dry prairie grass, rolled. it in a small piece of birch bark in which he had placed a piece of rock, lighted it and dropped it down the well. Then he put his face close down to the edge and watched it blaze as it fell down and down. and down. Suddenly a long red column of flame leaped upward with a rushing noise. Before Teddy had time to pull his head away, the force of the explosion sent him rolling over and over away from the mouth of the well. The flame shot high up and blazed fiercely for a moment or two. Teddy was ter ribly frightened. His eyes smarted, and he could s'e a bright red flame dancing before him in whichever di rection he looked. With scorchea hat and singed hair, he ran home as fast as he could. He told his papa what had happened. His papa went to the well, and when he came back he said, "Teddy, my boy, I think your acci dent is going to make our fortune. Our well has tapped a small vein of natural gas, and I think if we go deep er we shall strike oil." So the well diggers came out again and resumed drilling. Before long they came down to the oil. The oil came rushing out faster than they could save it. Teddy's papa sold the oil well to an oil company for a good price, and with the money he bought a ranch in another State, where there was plenty of pasture and water, and shipped his cattle to the new ranch. Teddy is learning all he can about managing a cattle ranch, because when he is old enough his father is going to take him in as a partner. E. Lockley, in St. Nicholas. AUNT ISABELLE'S RECIPE. "Oh, it's just pouring," said Edith, dismally, "and I wanted to go over to Mary Vinton's house to play." "And I can't go out either because I've such a cold, Mamma," groan ed Jack. There were frowns on both little faces as the children gazed out of the window at the splashing rain drops. "But why don't you make it a sun shining day?" asked Aunt Isabelle. "I have a recipe I've seen tried many times and I never knew it to fail." "Oh, what is it, please tell us?" cried both the children at once. "The recipe is: One hundred smiles, one hundred laughs and one hundred pleasant remarks to and about some one," replied Auntie. At first the children thought It would be night before all the 300 cculd b1i found, but they started out bravely. If Jack smiled so pleasantly that the cook smiled right back, that, of course, counted two smiles right away, and the success of the experi ment generally made them both laugh, which added two more. How hard they worked to make ,everbody in the house laugh or smile! "I've made twenty-five pleasant re marks; Auntie kept count," said Jack. "I've smiled so much I can hardly look sober," said Edith with another laugh. And, do you knew, by dinner time they were having such a merry time that they thought the rainy day was brighter and. Jollier than any other kind! The whole house seemed full of sunshine.-Adapted from Our Lit. tle Ones. A LAMB THAT LOVED OLIVE. A few years ago my little six-year old Olive was presented with a young lamb which was brought up by hand, and which soon became a great pet. He quickly grew to love Olive and her little brother, and was often let out of the pen where the sheep were kept to become an interested participant in all their romping games. As the warm days of May came on it became necessary to drive the sheep to a distant pasture, but Olive pleaded so earnestly,for her pet that she was finally allowed to keep him at home. At about the same time Olive and her brother began to at tend the district school. The lamb missing both his four-legged and two legged friends, immediately became very lonesome and inclined to stray from home, so that it was thought best to tie him to an apple tree not far distant. But poor Dickany rebelled at this indignity and bleated inces santly. One day he broke his rope, and we found him in the back room chewing his cud and peacefully standing by Olive's old familiar dress, which hung low down upon a nail. This gave us an idea; and, when Dickany went back to the apple tree, the dress went too, and was hung on a branch where he could reach it. After this the lamb stopped bleat ing and led a very quiet and happy life, wearing his rope with patience in school hours, and bounding and jumping with joy when the children returned at night.-Christian Endeav or World. Measure a Body's Fall. A "gravometer" is what H. S. Chamberlain calls an instrument he has constructed for determining the acceleration of gravitation. The in ventor, who is an Instructor in phys ics at the Indianapolis Manual Train ing School, believes that he can at tain very nearly perfect results with this instrument, the variations from strict accuracy being less than 1 per cent. The gravometer is an electrical device by which the record of the falling body is made on a tape by a pen. A New York man has obtained judg ment against a false sweetheart for the value of the presents which he gave her. It's a mighty poor breach of promise which won't work both was. CHANGE COCKTAIL r o Life Changed From a to an Irideesent i They stood, a man sad a the gallery, looking down I - tering throng of dancers : below. "What was I saying n ment ago?" asked the man, before I went out?" "You were saying," tip ! an, "things that made me in the midst of all this called it a painted of all those women down hugging in the secret re heart some supreme cloying unrest. You were to what depths of remors, the next year, each might spoke of the men; how ha of their faces were. You sait was too much for some 0of death and disaster sad rain this throng like a grinning Really it has given me th Don't you remomber what y-n He turned and looked at her. was a look of complaesa. face. "Did I say all that," he . fore I went out? Well, wfelt must forgive me. It isn't so. see how they are all enaoyl~t selves Il What a magnlAcenat. What a grand thing is life! Ho music thrlls me! My fri."W good to be alive." She looked at him in "What has changed you so a short time?" she exclaime.d, before you went out-" He waved his hand. "Things are different said. "I've Just had a cocktai.,, FROM MISERY TO NEAL A Prominent Club Wemel of Writes to Tbak Doean's For a Quiek Cure, MIss Nellie Davis, of 1216 avenue, Kansas City, Mo. leader aM, woman, "I cannot mue. i.U of Doa's' Pills hr r eet.i I wary from kidney troubles brought" a cold. I had severe pains is th and sick headaches, and felt all over. A few boxes of Dean'[ ney Pills made me a well without an ache or paln, ant I compelled to recommend this remedy." (Signed) NELLIK DAI A TRIAL FREE-Addree Milburn Co., Buffale, N. Y. .9W by all dealers. Price, 50 tests, YOUNG 'MAN RICH, BUT F Young Roekefeller Always Counts the Cost. That John D. Reekefeller, close is well demonstrated by lowing story, which is said to be t lutely true: Young 1Eockefeller wanted a his wife's jewelry, and he w ' well-known Arm and asked .i netify him When they had a af1 on hand. In a few days r. ler received wort that the 1T kate that they thought weuld 55b' He made as appointment, sid to see the safe the next day. ' was a beauty, and Mr. Ro peered to be well pleased with "How much is itt" beh iaq l;' "Two hundred and fty dl Mr. Rockefeller thought a:. and then asked to sm Io 1 sates. He was shows thi building, and, after asking m3t tions as to prices, he bought cost $21. "How will we ship It,. - feller?" the clerk asked. "That depends. What wll to send it to my home at "Fifteen dellars." Mr. Rohekdller apta did thinking and then kd: "W may keep it here a fe wagon will be down shortly , have it call for the sae. 01rl War on M51**t@ The Leap Tear Girls' elob l ly, Mass., have undertakes a agsInst ms4anltes at that They will administer a cat oil to two ponds ase e .nr girls t some way dl . iguref quito" may interfere with Lhe ,oses % - club. WET ATIIR 9ý ~J~SP U