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i Newse l),;er InS twest Advertising N erT eVermilion M.anr Official Journal of Vermilion Parish. Subscription $1 A--. *lnme 49 Abbevtlle, Louisiana, Saturday, December 23, 1905. Number 51 PAY YU PL AXANO YOUR i e , and see our large line of clothing Swhich we are now disposing of at greatly reduced prices on account of shortness of season. Our line is complete to fit the smallest boy to the largest man in the parish. T HE FpAIIr -Weiss Bros., Proprietors. OUR UNSURE ASSED LINE OF SHOLIDAY GOODS SIS NOW READY Come and See Us Whether You're IReady to Buy or Not-We Are Headquarters - This season we are better prepared than - - ever before to supply \ t every possible want in Holiday .Merchandise. This is the result of some careful planning and skilful buying. Our wonderful business last year set a high mark-- , but now,, with your help, we are. going to make a new record. Holiday suggestions in great numbers are di. ` played everywhlere upon our well filled shely es. Here you are bound to find just what will most' please and give the greatest satisfaction to each of those yiu wish to remem ber. Toys, dolls, candy, perfumes, books, china, glass and silverware, fancy goods, pictures, cutlery, sporting goods--in all these lines weo show a wealth of 'tl iingst to give" A word to the wise-buy now. -Don't wait until our , lines break-they are cer tain to at the last mnnute. o80 make your selentiqn now.. ailey's Driig . St e State Street Next to Post OlJiee ' - [ Y YOUR POLL TAX and y PO4 xLL HISTORICAL SKETCHES OF VERMdLIOt PASISH.O NO. IV. By WAKEMAN W. EDWARDS All Rights Reserved. DESCRIPTIVE I have narrated the chief po litical events happening during the first decade of the ýarish's existence, and now propse to con sider the general condition of the parish at this epoch of its history._ It will be necessary to get a clear-view of the state of things prevailing here from 1844 to 1854. The parish was created during the presidential term of John Tyler as President of the United states. Aboutf this time also Texas, became a part of the United States, and doubtless the open ing -up of so large a teritory to American emigrants had its ef fect in preventing the rapid settlement of South )Vest Louisi ana. In 1844 when Vermilion Parish was organized, the coun try was beginning to -recover from the great financial crisis of 1837-8 during which all the Banks in the United States sus: pended specie payment,-that is were unable to redeem theirý bills, in specie. Many of them closed the doors that were never again to open--Many of the Banks were wild cat Loncerns without real, capital. They is sued notes or bank-bills with red backs, and when these Banks failed, the country was flooded with their bills, which were called "Red Dog" money-It was worthless, and the conse quent scarcityr of good money, greatly drpressed prices of all commodities. | Merchants and farmers failed in business by the thousand, and the cointry was in great distress ' in so far as business matters ° were concerned, and during the summer and fall ,of 1840 the 1 great Log Cabin and Hard Cider I Campaign was fought, which re c suited in a total and overwhelm ing defeat of the political party I then in power, resulting in the election of W. H. Harrison as president and' John Tyler vice president-President Harrison died within a short time after his inauiguration in 1841, and John Tyler became president, .it it was during his ad4pinistration that Vermilion Parish was born. There was very little money in the country then, and business of all kinds was dull and slug gish. In the presidential elec tion of 1844 James K. Polk was elected' President and the Demo cptic party which was so sig nally overt rown iq 1840 was again retuared to power on March 4th 1845. Times were slowly improving all over the country and in Louisiana as welt. At the commiencement of our ,decade of history, Vermilion Parish was very sparsely settled. The-prairie was anooean of grass, with a ew groves, of trees scat tered here and there over the broad expanse. These groves were called. Islands by the in habitants, .from their resem blacte to the wooded islands in the sea. Mr. Williamt Harring ,,ton, the fathet of Mr. Joseph Barrington informed me that -when he irst came to this oonn try, in the latter part of. sum mer and in the' fall, the grass all over the prairie was as high as a mane's head on .horeback and densely thick. There .is a tra gitR" tha dring the a.nOw k Sregime, the inhabitants were ' ji4le to rease the aPle t r . stir that. t might squeak and make a noise while going through the prai ries among the high grass as they could not be seen for any distance, and the Govornor feared that smuggling might be going on between the bays along the yea Coast, through the prai ries to the Opelousas and Avoy alles settlements. The transportation by land in those days was carried on in large heavy home-made ox carts, called "Beef Carts" of te n. These carts were made entirely of wood-no iron, not a nail even being used in their con struction. They were hewed out of the timber, by hand and held together by mortises, ten ons, wooden pegs, and some times' aided by rawhide. The wooden axles were lubricated with tallow, and they were stroug, and capable of carying heavy: looai over the smoothe surface of the prairie. The At takapMe cirriage was a cart or jert ofigig, like the old deacons "one horr shy.."' It was a light wooden dit, made without iron like the Beef cart, and drawn by one horse. The body and seat were supported by rawhide tugs; and swung back and forth, like.a birds nest on the branch ofa tree when the wind blows. It was caled a Calleohe. These vehicles were in use in Vermil ion Parish up to and inchtding the ti~ie of the civil war. After the war they begun to disappear, but a very few of them was to be seen as late as 1875. At this late date Madam Michel Hardy, used to ride into Abbeville in one of these Caleches. As for roads there were none. The broad level prairie was un fenced and open, and anyone could travel in any direction he desired to go. The coulees andl' platinsor maries, were not bogy, and could be safely crossed al most anywhere. There were suf ficient cattle in the country from 1844 to 1854 to keep down the grass, so it was not -so tomida ble as at an earlier date. The Ipairies were generally burned' qff every winter, so a- to get early granlug in the spring for the oattle. Diying the decade 1844 to 18b4 the principal settlement of the parish were on Bayou Ver milion, Bayou Tigre, B Nyo Que de Tortue, with a few settlers in praitie Greig, Grand Chenire, Lake, Arthur, Lake Peigneur and a fetW in the prairies, Among the earliest settler's of Prairie Greig was John Greig and Mark Lee` and Celestin Nunez a little later cami Wil liam Henry. -Trahn father of Joseph rralaa, R.obt. Johnson aind, t h e Primeaux family. Most of these' were stock rais ers, and small farmers. Allan Campbell Robert Cade, Daniel McCaskill. Notley Young tad irashear had sugar plan tations on the lower Bayou -Ver milion. Joseph lNunez father of the Hon. Adrien Nunaz had a large stock Rane $ Vacherie on the West side of "the Bayou near Abbeville.. Sebastian Nunez the father of Demostherie and Joseph 1Nu I nez wax also a large stockmen on the West side of the Bayou. o The heirs of Maria Mouton- Sthe Moutons and Bodoins lived o the west idb in Mmtroa - family lived lower down in Heb erts Cove. Stock raising was the occupa tion of a majority of the inhabi tants at this time. Along the borders of the bayous and coul ees and often far out in the open prairie the stock man had his little home. In consited gener ally of a small wooden house with a shed in front, a mud and stick chimney.--windows'without glass. Often the house was built of wooden frame hewed out of wood, and then filled in with mud, (clay) mixed with Spanish moss, and one ro6m or sometimes two. There was also the cow pen, or corral, for keep ing cattle, and a calf pen, a small, I corn crib, a little garden and :a small corn field, of four or five acres, often less, completed the humble home of the "'habi tant". Here he lived in contentment, surrounded by the vast expanse! of the rich grassy prairie, where his small heard of cattle and horses ranged, and fed from year to year; with but little care. iie cultivated his little field of corn; and looked after his cat tle, and it was charged that he sometimes looked affer other peoples cattle, when he wanted a fat cow or steer to butcher. The wife and daughter made the garden raise` poultry, milked. the cows and spun and wove "cottonade", and other fabrics. while the husband rode about t .e prairie, barefooted on his1 little Attakapa pony. 4 great mary cattle belonging to non ! resident owners were also scat tared over the prairies, with no one to guard them, 'hey became, a great temptation to those of weak moral 'perceptions and fin ally produced a wreched state of things which we will relate in course of our narrative. I SRepresentative ' Watkinas, cf Louisiana, delivered his maiden speech in the House. The Senate adopted the con. ference report on the Panama Canal emergency appropriation bill. The Philippine Tarilf Bill was fevorably reported t~ the House by a majority oi the Waye' and Means Oommittee. - A minodrit report will be presented.' Senator Dolliver, of Towa, has introduced a railroad rate z.uela tion bill inrr the Senate which is understood to have thd.iudorse ment of:the Administration. Russia is on the ee ot a;~pit struggle foi mastery between the Government and the proletariat. TheJirst battle waj expected- to. begin Wednesday in the form of a general 'strike -whioh: -will paralyze every industry. Attorney General Moody holds that midshipmen charged with hazing cannot be dismissed from the Naval Academy without a court-martial.' Secretary Bona parte has asked Congress fior authort t suefnr#nily dismiss midshipman guilt hf hazing. The controlling forces of the Mississippi Cottoni Association met at Jackson and decided on a plan to greatly broaden the scope of the organization, one of the features being the certain cf a great holdipg cash fund, with collectors in every, county,'to re ceive fees from three sources of revenue. It is suggested the Presideat's alary be $5,0o0 and that of the Secret ry $P,900. i . .: .-.-.- i The Best of Drugs Everything pure; that sure. We offer only such drugs as are at all times fresh and you can depend upon it if you buy here, You get the best. B s VILLE DRUG 00., Ltd. R. H. MILLS, Mgr. -- - -- - -_II iI 0 TO THE YOUINC MAN OF TQtAY ' ARE YOU UP? in the technique, the theory of your professiont If not, and you are desirous of advancing in -that profession, kindly fill out the space below and mail to us, stating What profession you wish to become proficient in. All the engineer ing professions, business courses, drawing courses, illustrating, teacher's courses, etc., thoroughly taught by mail. Name........ ............ Address....... . Subject....... .. ............... International .Correspondence Schools Scranton, Pa. ·99199994444 ENGINE AND BOILER REPTIRING We do engine and boiir work, put in rleioe-galngi wei,' and a ury a fl line of pipe, pipe fttings and brasu ods i oeldinrg initorre libricatots, gcage., etc. IRubbe -i and seathe belting. Macbins bots and pshing of art SRtter's Machine Shop 1 1. 7. TJ'f'ER, prop. Telephone 1i. I.. ,. Il ..... ,... ,. . ! .. . . , " ,i I I _ li t ~ l I~~l I I A PROCLAMATIONI by Santca Claus Being anxious to distribute .my christmas gifts to the good people of this town and vicinity . in the most effective and sati~sa factory maanner, I have appoint-=` ed BALExY's DaRUG STORE my agent for the Holiday season..of 1905, an d hereby eomniuand every man, woman and child to go to this store where "one aed all will find ' -Those presents which they most desire: Where are shown my choicest dolls, my prettiest books. my daintiest china and most of other things direct from my factory in Toy* land. I have charged BAeitr's DRUG 8TORE. That his fees for these beautiful gifts shall be reasonable; That there must be presents to suit the taste and purse of every one, and they have promised me it shall be so. My gifts will be on display every dpy and evening from now until Christmas Eve. Don't forget the place:- BAILJEY'S DRUG STORE next to Postoffice. Signed: Santa Claus. - --- - ooo@ - %tLM3ERLA. ND E6iploge a. d, elsera aip'pary (I(nrcam)sns long distance lines and telephones of this- Company ens b.es you o talk almost anywhere in enonhiern Indiana, Uoathern-Illinois, iKentucky, ' eniesse, Mississippi and Louisiana. We can put you in quiek: and saisfactory communication with the people of this great section of the country. We solicit your patronage r. atep reasona. .le. Equipments and facilities unsurgasse. J.~es. .CSrw.LL, LE.AND a ,UrE, T. S)D. WR Pres,& QMa Np. Se.. & Asm. Gea. , 'tsmms · j.