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SANALYSIS Pitman-Spencerian Chartier By J. M. REASER, Prin. Com'I Department MONG the foremost novelists of the world and time was Charles Dickens, a parliamentary shorthand reporter. He studied and used a system to which I am going to devote reverential atten Uon. Like Robert Ftlton's steamboat it was the first system-at least the English speaking race. The only difference is that Fulton's achievement is unquestionably proenitor of our mighty ocean greyhounds, our battleships, our las. Fulton's craft grew. The parent Pitman did not. It re an approach to the subject entirely different from that for the of which Sir Isaac was knighted, to attain a result whose simpll ease, legibility and reading power destines it to rule the world-the ERIAN C(IARTIER System o Shorthand. Remember those words 'AN APPROACHI TO THE SUBJECT ENTIRELY DIFFERENT." David Copperfield (which is, most of the time, simply a character by Dickens for his own autobiography) thus describes the trials and tions of the weary and heart-rending time he had in learning Pit to prepare himself to report Parliament-AND THERE IS NOT A WHO ATTAINS THIS PROFICIENCY IN PITMAN WHO WILL TELL YO1 THAT HIS TRIALS HAVE BEEN JUST AB GREAT pj THE TIME HE HAS TAKEN AS LONG. "I bought an improved scheme of the noble art and MYSTERY of sggraphy, which cost me ten and sixpence, and plunged into a sea of ty that brought me, in a few weeks, to the confines of distrao The changes that were rung upon dots, which, in such position, such a thing, and in such another position something else entirely gresat; the wonderful vagaries that were played by circles; the unao sgatable consequences that resulted from marks like flies' legs; the tro @atous effects of a curve in a wrong place, not only troubled my waking but reappeared before in my sleep. When I had groped my way through these difficulties. and had mastered the alphabet, which a s Egyptian temple in itself, there appeared a procession of new "swm s called arbitrary characters-the most despotic characters I have known. When I had fixed these wretches in my mind, I found that a had driven everything else out of it; then, beginning again. I forgot ge; while I was picking them up, I dropped the other fragments of the in short, it was almost heart-breaking." This is Charles Dickens' own account of his struggles with what may s lled the parent system of all shorthand now in vogue. It is a vivid and true picture n the struggles of the best and bright 1 hinds who undertake, with this medium, to report so exacting and t a kind of work as debates and speeches-with this exception: NEVER LEARN PITMAN, IN SPITE OF EFFORT. OTHERS ACQUIRE A FAMILIARITY WITH WHAT THEY WRITE AS TO ENABLE THEM TO TRANSCRIBE IT ACCURATELY'AND Y. S"TO EXAMINE WHY THIS IS SO-TO LAY BEFORE YOU WHY IT MOT SO WITH THE WONDERFUL SPENCERIAN CHARTIER BT. 18 THE AIM OF THESE COMPARATIVE ANALYSES. Sir Isaac Pitman was born in 1813. l o He was a scholarly thinker. In 1837 he published what he called "Stenographic Soundhand." The system, the invention of a trained, logical and well-ordered in reflects those intellectual qualities. ey0 can trace the mental process by which Sir Isaac devised the al which once ruled the stenographic world. Sir Isaac, a graduate of the British Normal College. fell back on the useful circle; the angle or slant of straight lines, and finally suo in composing an alphabet, itself easily remembered, but, used as a sLrthand system, presenting difficulties it requires months and years Seer so thoroughly as to be able to take testimony, speeches, *te., It. In some instances, a heavy percentage, this mastery is never nt's look into this, first tracing the steps of Sir Isaao's pioneer sad then analyze why this system, having no reference to English to the ingrained habit of the mind by which people spell sand In longhand, requires so much study and work of the student of it he can master it. Sir Isaac took a circle and out It up into as many parts as would en -ee to use the segments or ares as symbols for consonant sounds sesfualon. This is indlated by the points checked oEf in the Tam we to Figure 1 *Jfyure s. eptrrer 3 % I 3 = -M 0"00uso\ A 4- )..7m (,,=:L m)v=s:) -z wz j46 ' -CHARTER -BOCK CORPORATION. OP AMbRICA, 8TAZs IANA. PARISH OF OR CRT or NuW ORIzAN. that on this twenaty-secod of April, ito the year of thosad nineh hundred and , Independence of the Unit the one hundred sad me, Lewis Rossner ra Sit and for thejulr Lf lslmana ther, i - duly comaissboned and ee presence of the wit s andappend tbeaseve names are hereunto susLerlb declared that availlng the laws of the state of lao easee made and provided. of the provisions of Act No. Assembly of the state of the year nineteen hundred bsve covenanted and agreed, p s covenant an agree as well as an such or become associated a corporation for the and under the articles Sellowlng, to-wit : -ARTICIB L titlet of this coroporate ADON-BLOCIK CORIPORA have Its domicile in the Orleans, ad t shll have Its corporate ~m, t-lne years from sf _no unless sooner dis er set forth. It shall as soon as ten thousand ) full paid steok is have, hold, purchase, sell, se or mortgage preperty m se sb d he e a sal with eh hnserlp , .seay be selected by tJhe heard or in the event oa his Sheance or iabit to set the tresrer Irs er de sslt proems sai be sereLd eepos s r . me l corporatlon Is ortganised and the nature of the lulness to be carried on by It are here by declared W be: To acquire by pro ase t or otherwise, to own, to old to by, to sell. to coty, to lease, to mortgae, or to r eea a tte or other property, per asalor miled; tos ad saltl, In le and retail lanttles, win. whiskey beer or any and all kiIds o.f alcholc vino or miat liquorm; and partilarly to qire and take over all the assets of every kind and character whatsoever. Including the h lod-nwl o h th eemmerial partnership n as aad lockt , r say other conern enagd In similar biness and t any sad an thig Incidset to the be mes of wholesrale and retail liquor dealers To represent as agnt, or otherwise. - lar coarpyonws, partnerehlips or lndlvidu- - herl boad in tet ob and .- a, authorised to carry on busines In the state of Loulsa sad elsewhere. The capItal stock of tbhis Corporation Is r hereby declared to be the sm of one hun-I dyed thousand dollars ($100,000.00), divid ed Into one tbousand shares of one hundredt dollars ($100.00) each, which shall be paid for In ash, propery or services. All stock shall he tr efrredl on the k the aompany by the stockholder o his duly an thorred agent and attorney-I-act. AmRIC C v IV. The busIness of this cororatioa shall be managed and conducted by a board of direc- a tor omo ed o three (3) stockholders, to a be eloted at a meeting of stockholder t be held on son as tea thousand dollars ($10,000.00) of atock has been snbscribed I and paid for. da beard of directors shall . at one elect a president and a treasurer, from their own number. The board o tdrector and ecess as elected shadll eldo their oess until the frt Monday In January, 1012, or until their smu cor salm lvebeen electeua d and quailc On the irst Monday In January, f112, 2 any aftr4 (10) days' et in I krl I r sll h een given th secre aharised agt and atteey-In-act. the c same to be sent or sailed to each stack-' holde a d Mt a kae Prn pa -wslne- CI Sth I tlo o w 01 uthebad0 rets5 neaitea .eyrure ~3 e e ,00 • d Ve, ,. oW 4roj1#i4 LL'U . circle of Figure 1, marked with numerals from 1 to I. Segment. are or curve, 1-7, he called "f"; curve, 248, "th"; curve, 4-6, "s"; curve, 5-7, "sh"; curve, 1-8, "1"; curve, 8-6, "r". Having thus obtained six con sonant signs or symbols, he doubles the use of five of these by writing them heavy and thus giving symbols for the heavy sounds of these five consonant signs. Thus the sign for "f," written heavy. becomes "v"; "th" (as in "myth") becomes, written heavy, "th" (as In "with"); "s" becomes "a"; "I" Is written upward or downward, the usefulness of this segment of the circle is single; "r" written heavy becomes the vowel sound, "y"! "M" and "n" are the top and bottom of the circle. SIR ISAAC WAS STILL SHORT AT LEAST EIGHT CONSONANT SOUNDS, and he proceeded to use all possible unconfusable radii of the circle for these missing consonants: Radius, 2-c, he called "p"; 8-c, "t"; 4-c, "ch"; 1-c, "k." Observe, please, that there is not a single other seg-l meat of the circle or ralius thereof which can be used without imminent and even hopeless danger or confusion, but he had now all necessary CONSONANT SOUNDS and the EMBRYO of a system. HOPELESSLY NONFLUENT, and DESTINED ABSOLUTELY to require, for the reason of its CUMBERSOMENESS. a vast distionary of word-signs. HE HAD NOT YET A SINGLE VOWEL SIGN. Of these-in the writing of English, these vowel signs are absolutely imperative, at least: ah, eh, ee, aw, oh, oo, and (short) a, e, i, (short) o, u. oo. The device by which Sir Isaac attained their expression Is hopelessly defective. as will be shown. He made position the expression of the vowel, calling above the line, on the line and below the line the three positions. "Ah," for instance, is indicated by a heavy dot above the line. That heavy dot on the line or in the middle of the stroke or letter becomes "eh" and in the last place, "ee." Written light, it becomes the short sound of the same vowels. Taknlrg a short dash and writing it heavy In these three positions, he furnished his system the second series of long or heavy vowel sounds, "aw," "oh," "oo": and, writing them light, the second series of short vowel signs. "o," "u," "oo" (short). The dip thongs are arbitrary characters, as are '.," "u." That is the alphabet of the system for the Invention of which Queen Victoria conferred upon Sir Isaac the great honor of knighthood! With these signs anything can be written, in some sort of a fashion, but be fore a man can take testimony or speeches running from 125 to 200 words a minute, or twice as fast as a clock ticks, he has to acquire a skill, to so make this system a part of him, to so WRITE SOUND (ab stractly) that the apparent simplicity vanishes and he finds that he is against practically the problem whleh kept the. immortal Dickens sleep less, hewing down forest after fores of difficulties even in his dreams. This article proposes to discuss this matter to a finality-to show the relative merits of the Spencerlan Chartier and Pitman. It is not doing so in a spirit of cavil. It believes in the sublime dignity of the 114-foot craft of Fulton, which made its way laboriously up the Hudson at five miles an hour. But it is certain it the restless progressiveness and energy of man had been content with it and declared it the finest possible boat that human genius could build, he would not today be crossing the ocean in a little over four days on mighty leviathans which are practically safe against all storm and which breast the fieroest of them without a perceptible deerease in speedl This is the age of progress. Progress is impossible itf we cling with blinded eyes to opinions which we have accepted for their age and by reason of no thought which we our selves have spent. Progress is possible only as a result of investigation--and investiga tion is the child of freedom from bias, freedom from accepted convention alitles. Fogyism has no place In America. With all honor to the great intellect of the student who has, in spite of all the criticism to which his system is open, made it possible for men to transcribe thought with the swiftness with whloh it glides from the tongue. THIS ARTICLE ASKS THAT YOU INVESTIGATE WHAT IT IS SEEKING TO PUT BEFORE YOU WITH ALL DEFERENCE AND HU MILITY, BUT WITH A CONVICTION THAT EVERY CLAIM AND AR GUMENT ADVANCED IB BANE, SOUND, TRUE-WORTHY OF YOUR ATTENTION, INASMUCH AS THE DAY IS FAST ARRIVING WHEN EVERY CHILD IN THE THIRD READER WILL BE LEARNING SHORTHAND (SPENCURIAN OfARTIER SHORTHAND) WITH AN EASE AND READINESS IMPOSSBIBL IN ANY OTHBEa YSTEM. THE GREAT PITMAN'S DIFFICULTIES Before we go any further in this analysis, and while you have the al phabet of the Pitman system fresh before you, let me give you another plate in order that we may make plainer our talk. I pick this plate at random. It is a Pitman transcrlpt of an utter aace of the great showman, P. T. Barnum, and here is what he said, writ tea in longhand: "As far as busness is concerned, I have a particular hobby. My erase is that every young person, of both sexes, should learn at least shorthand and typewriting. Here you have mental discipline and knowl edge together, knowledge, too, that is almost certain at some time to be convenient and practically available. I cannot conceive that one who knows these two branches thoroughly will ever need to go hungry in the present generation, for they have a constantly widening use." Know Pitman thoroughly! Truly P. T. Is a humorist. P. T. was either Ignorant of his sabject or joking. How many there be of these craftsmen in this city of almost 400.000 useals? Count them over---those who really answer P. T.'s description. Yen or anyone with the slightest sort of memory can learn that alphabet which has just been given and which, with endleas use and practice, can enable one to do that speedily, but try, knowing this alphabet, to take a n, asl they may think proper, nd ihall have the power to change, modify or alter the same, as they may think proper. The aid board of directors shall appolnt the secretary for said corporation ad -all other olcers, and agents, clerks, and em ployes, and shall have the same right to discharge any appointive omer of the com pany or any other employe, as they may see it. The board of directors shall have the rliht to fix the compensation or salary of alL ocers or employes. ARTIICIL V. At the termination of this ebarter by lim Itation or otherwise, the business and afalrs of thie ompny shall be liquidated and wound up by two liquidatting commission ers, who shall be ebhose by a majority of the stockholders at a general meeting there of, to be called at least ten (10) days pre vious to the termination of this charter by written notices snt by the secretary to each stockholder or his agent and attorney In-fact, directed to the last known place of residence of said stockholder or attorney In-fact. In ease of a dissolution of this cor a ratlon, there shall be chosen two liquldat lg commissioners, in the same manner as above spected for. ARTICLt VI. This charter may be changed 'altered or modifed, or this corporation dissolved, by a vote of two-thirds of the stock present or represented, at a general meeting of the stockholders convened for such purposes, after tea (10) days' notice shall have been given to each stocholder In wrlttalnt, by the secretary, the same to be seat to such stock holder or his duly appointed agent and at terney-ta-fct directed to his last known place ot residkesnc ArTICLB VIL No stockholder to this corporation shall ever be held liable or ernpesible for the contracts or hfuls thereof, in any further sam than the unpaid balane dne the com pany on the shares owned by him, nor shall any mere Informality in orgaalmton have the efect of rendertng this charter nul or of eposn y tockolder to ny li bility beyond h unpaid balance on hisstock. Thun dse and passed to my ece. into the city of New Orleans, Louisiana, on the day, month and year firt aforealad, to the pres ence of Charism T. Rahshy and Charles I Levy, Casteta witnesses. t wo have signd thes prees tether with t sid ap paesa and me, e bry, after n reading I. u f16 lesh sý f. D. Shars 'si. Vkt per I A. Block. (Witnesses) : C. T. Starkey, Chas. I. Lery. Lawis R. GHasnAM Notwry PsUlc. I, the undersigned recorder of mortgages In and for the perish of Orleans, state of Louisiana, do hereby certify that the above and foreolng aet of iacorporatIo of the Vadoa-Block Corporation, was this da ly recorded I. my odce In book 1018, folo 548 New Orleans, April 24, 1911. EBIua LoWNAsD, D. R. I hereby certify that the above and fore going is a true sad correct copy of the act of lncorporation of the VadonuBlock Corpo ration, on ale In my notarial oece. (Seal) Lawns . On aAM, may 4-11-18-25 Jun 1-8 1911 Net. Pub. CHARTER OF THE DRUMMERS' OIL COMPANY OF LOUISIANA. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, STATE OP LOUISIANA. PARISH OF OR LANS, CITY OF NEW ORLEANLS. Be It known, That on this, the thirteenth day of the mouath of ArI In the year of our Lord, one tosand, ine hundred and eleven, and of tb- Independence of the Unit ed States of America, the one hundred and thirty-fift, before me. Alexts Bria, a no try public duly commissioner and qualified witan ad Mfr the arLh O d Oe state tof iLeum therein residing d t presence of the wit·aeses after named and namderined, persoally came an p peared the several p whos nams ar ereunto subscrbed wh declaed that, avaUlar themselves the provisons of the laws of this state relative to th orgdss ti ef d orp floss, they have orgaised and do by t presents erpalse and form themselves and such other ersons as may hreafter Joein witth them, and their suees sars into a cerporati. and hedy pltc in law under the covenants, agreemets and stlpulatles folowi, t-wit: ARTICLE L Thu nse of this eerw etl sha be theý A M» OIL COMANY O LOU MilAMA." It "Bgalap 3 sa I rits san speaker at 150 words per minute, and see how thoroughly you really know it. See if you don't find your penci with the same sort of fits that af flicted that of the great Dickens. JOKER BARUM'S WORDS IN SHORTHAND The above is the plate showing the transcript in shorthand of Par f num s point of view of shorthand. It is probably written by a man who 1 answers Barnum's description, full of word-signs, correctly used---a Ie'r fect specimen. First, let us call your attention to the fact that the vowel-signs are , entirely eliminated-and believe me when you are taking a speech. vi .have no time for vowel-signs with Pitman shorthand. TilE REAS(ON :IWHY IT TAKES YOU SO MUICI PRACTICE TO MAKE TlIS SYS'I."IE tIVALUABLE TO YOU IS THAT YOI'R EYE. YOIUR INSTINCT MIUST I.E" TRAINED SO THAT YOUR EYES ALMOST SI'PPLY THE INVISIII.E AND NON-EXISTING VOWELS. In fast writing you are forced to drip the vowels. We set forth here one proposition of shorthand which defies refutation. It is elemental:-The reading power of any system is based on the percentage of vowel sounds you can indicate. Here is a another truism: ITS SPEED IS BASED ON THE SPI'EEI: WITH WHICH YOU CAN DO THIS. From these two axioms it is impossible to get away. Now, in this light-so clear and setlf-evident---let its get at the tran script of what Joker Barnum says, as transcribed in the Pitman syst, in. Notice, please, that the very first three words are written as a word sign-the very first three words. These first three words are "as far as." and the Pitman system writes them 'sfrs"! There is not a hint of a vowl sound anywhere. In the position! Why should "as" he wrl:ten in the first position and in the last position, and each time spell "as"? The accuracy of geometry is sadly deserted in this: "Fr," "far." Is there any possible reason, conceding for the sake of argument that the "fr" is in the first position, why this should not be "far." "afar." and since there is mere position visible, why it should not be "offer?" It is, however, "far" to the trained eye in Pitman, for the reason that that house there is a house to your familiar vision. In "business." position pretty well indicates the word. You have "bs" and "ns," and require no flight of imagination to make it out. "Pn" is conventionally in the second position, making it literally and meaninglessly "open" with the "o" long, as in "mode" or "pone" (same long o) or "pain" (long al, or "pen" (short e), etc. In short, the "pn" in the second position spells "upon", because it is con ventionally so accepted. "Concerned" has a little bit of dot before the in itial circle-s for "con," an "r" cut half its length, thus adding "d and a little "n"-hook---still the "d," created by the shortening of the "r" is read after the "n"-hook. Here, then, are the consonant signs guiding the experienced eye in reading "concerned"-"consrnd." "I" is the "tick" on top of the "v," and "v" is a word-sign for "have." "Iv," in other words, is "I have." "A" is the dot In the first position. "Particular" is "p" shortened to half length to show that there is a "t" or "d" sound t somewhere concealed about its person, and the "p" is begun with an "r" hook, although the "r" is read after the "p." Literally, we have "rpt (or d)" spelling "particular." Another word-sign: "lib" (vowel sounds to be guessed) "hobby." In a sentence of eleven words. thus, we have seven word-signs. What now is really a word-sign? It is something that has to be learned and stored away in the memory. When the first eleven words of the man who says that his hobby is that every young person should learn shorthand "thoroughly," are found to contain seven words that have absolutely to be remembered, it is to be seen at a glance that he is either ignorant of what he is talking about, or has a large and expansive sense of humor. This system cannot be taken on and carried as a side line. One who learns it has to dedicate himself to it as did Dickens. An other thing, this system cannot be mastered and allowed to rust. Speed, accuracy, a working order of the possession is maintained by constant practice and that alone. There are sixty-eight words in the rest of what P. T. Barnum here Ssaid. There are over forty word-signs in this number. Capacious mem ory at this gait, don't you think, to know this language of lines and arcs and circles thoroughly-a big word-sign store-house necessary; and you cannot pause, you know, when you are writing 150 words a minute to re call how "I have been," "as far as" "that" "particular," etc., are writ ten. Pitman is almost impossible with night students. It is strange, almost remarkable, that an analytical genius such as must have been the mind that invented and evolved Pitman system did not reflect that the two greatest impediments in his system were inflict r ed unabated on all the men and women who studied and the compara tively few who mastered his system: A lack of vowel power. A diminution of speed proportioned to the number of vowel signs used. y Net result--an absolute necessity of an enormous dictionary of word t signs. I- A difficulty of mastery increased by every word-sign. e A MULTIPLICATION, IN THE CASE OF EXPERTS, OF WORD o SIGNS SO GREAT AS TO MAKE THE WRITING OF EACH EXPERT A e SYSTEM OF HIS OWN, BASED ON PITMAN. BUT PECULIAR TO THE WRITER AND ABSOLUTELY UNDECIPHERABLE BY ANY ONE a ELSE. £ As a matter of my own knowledge I know that Spencerian Chartier 0 shorthand an be learned with one-fifth the study required for Pitman; i. it can be written faster than Pitman-it makes fewer strokes in writing i say given matter--and it can be read with an ease never claimed for Pit a man. In fact, people knowing the system, correspond In it and read each a other's writing as though it were longhand or Roman print. prleg granted by law to rporatilon; It all ext for a peri of ninety-nine (99) years, unless sooner dissolved as herelnafter provided; Its domicile shall be in the city of New Orleas. state of oloulslana, where eitation and other legal procesas ll be served on its president and in his absence on the vice-president of the corporation. AITICI. II. This corporatien shall have power to con tract, sue and be sued in Its corporate name ; to make and use a corporate seal ; to hold, receive, purchase or otherwis aequre, con vey, not e, hylothecate or lede pro petty both real ani personal; to ssue bonds, notes and other oblgatlons: to borrow or lead money; to have and employ such man agers, directors, eAeers and other employes as the wsistae of this corporation may re quire for its conduct; and to make and a taMlih such by-laws, rules and regulationl for the managemeat and control of the a fairs of said corporation as may be desira ble or necessary. ARTICLE III. The objects and purposes for which this corporation i organiuted and the nature of the busine which will be carried on by It are declared to be: to urchase, lease or otherwise acquire lands in this state or In nelghboring states ; to construct or otherwise acquire works and applances necen ary for thm exploitation discovery, development, manufacture end redning of mineral oil and other mineral substances: to acquire, own and operate oil wells and their appurten ances; to own and operate relneerls, pipe lines; and generally to egage In any other bousiness or enterprise coneted with or in cideatal to the Wprposes herein set forth. ARTICLE IV. The capital stock of this corporation is her ed at the sum of Sty thousand ($,00) dollars divided inte and repre sented by ift thousand (50 000) shares of the par va of one ($LO6) dollar each, which shall be paid for in ca or b pro services o-or s" 9 rendered to S omp Say. oserlptis to stock shall Ibe add n s k aomoPts and at sch times as he board of directors may r re. All shares of st shal be fun p a assesable. No transfer of stock shall be Oda soon the company, unaes recorded nesonIbooks. All certificates of stock mall be ts ed by the president and by the seeetar and treasurer. This crportio a b=n ,da a sa xis as tree thaen ad (PAW) dellate ot Ito stock shall have besar .sck ARTICLz V. All the corporate powers of this company. lncluding the right to purchase convey, mortgage and bypotheate reel estate shall be vested In, and the management and con trol of its buslness shall be exercised by a board of directors, composed of ive stock holders, three of whom shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of all businaes. Messrs. John N. Alexlus, Edwln H. Borden, Samuel J. Huey, A. H. Borden and A. Fred. Renaud shall constitute the lst board of directors, who shall hold oice as such until the third Monday of May, 1913. On the third. Monday of May 1913, and annually thereafter, there shall e a meeting of stock holders, convened upon the call of the sec retary and treasurer, by givia ten days' notice thereof to each stockholder through the malls directed to his last known place of residence or business, at which a board of disectore shall be chosen for the ensuing year. Each stockholder shall be entitled to one vote for each share of stock owned by him, to be cast either in person or by proxy. All elections shall be held by ballot, if de mand is made therefor by any stockholder. The bealot shall be conducted under the su pervision of two stockholders appointed by the president of the corporation. The dl rectors appointed by this charter or any directors subsequently elected shall continue in oSce until the ensuing annual meeting of stockholders, and until their successors have been duly elected and qualified, and no fail ure to elect directors shall be regarded as a forfeiture of this charter. Any vacancy oc curring In said board shall be filled by the remaining directors for the unexpired term. The board of directors shall have the right from time to time to appoint and dismiss the elerks, agents, managers and other em ployes which the business of the company y requlre. Any one of the directors shall have the right to delegate in writing to any other director his authority and functions as such director, to be exercised at any meeting of the board. ARTICIZ VI. The odoers of this corporation shall con sist of a president, a vice resident and a secretary and treasurer. Tintll the third Monday in My, 1913, Mr. John N. Alexlus shall be es9ldent of this corporation; Mr. EdwlIn H. Borden shall be vice-president., and Mr. lSamuel 3. Huey shall hbe secretary and treasurer. On the third Monday in May, 1913 and annuall.- thereafter, the beordof diertos. immedltely upon their election the stookholders, shll meet and select from their own number the onceru aosesald, who shall bold odce until the eca salig aul stockholders' meetl or until their soacom~ll hall have been duly elected and qualllbe ILazard's We'll Get You Yet \,,t thbro uh "ai" or 'uit irh ot. Not through any rhln on earth bult QI'AI, 11IT and VAI.E-ES You an t dleny them ii Vyl n't dodge ilheml-- you (lan 't brat thelII. We offer etremnely smart fa-rhis. trlipelu erges and allI "'tlh . In lilghtIy latty PeavM anl destr+'m ill St y'li t . IT he InII4te or g lirtulIwlurk Is pitmply per felt When we aiv thlie pat tou11tl lll I t t tl. i' 1 /If w *'e U it III n,,i 11t!,', + PlC n ilit ., tlls 't -aug t1 to Interest yo:i Convention and Summer Tours VIA Southern Pacific TO California 2 TRAINS DAILY CALIFORNIA EXPRESS SUNSET EXPRESS Fer Fad hPrticurs. Cal em or wrke CITY TICKET AGENT. 225-27 It. ,hude St., iw lri ,. MEONE RAIN 4027 SPECIAL NOTICE. Every Sunday I will have for sale Harris' Pure Ice Cream. Mrs. Statzkeowkl, Alix and Bermuda 8ts. ARTIcLe VII. No stockholder shall ever be held liable or respolsible for the contracts, taulta or debts of this corporation beyond the ameunt of the balance due by him on his stock sb. scrlptlon, nor shalU any mere lntormality heren have the efect of rendernlag this char ter null or of exposls any stockholder to liabulty except ua above provided. ARTICLE VIII. This acet of ineorporatlon may be ebaged and modled or amended, or the corporantio mas be diolved with the oasset of steek holders ownlong a majority of all the stock of the company. expressed at a general meet ing convened for that purpos, and after at least ten daye' written notice of such meet ing and of Its purposee shall have been give to each stockholder throuh the mail ad dressed to his last known place of residece or buminess. In case of dissolution of the corporation by vote of the stockbolders or by expiration of thie charter, the affairs of the orporatlon shall be liquidated under the supervision of three stockhbolders who Ishall he elected at a general meetnlg of suech stocLkbolders called as aforesaid. In case of death or any one of said liquidatlng com. mIkeloners, the remahnlng commissioners shall select a successor to him. Thus done and passed In my ofce at the city of New Orleans, on the day and date herein first shove written, in the pes ace or Messrs. E. I BSutahery and eo. W. Schweltzer. competent witnesses, who have hereunto signed their names with said ap pearers and me, notary, after due redindlg of the whole. John N. Alexlus, 1.500 shares; Edwih R. Rorden, 104) shares; Allen II. Borden, 100 shares (per Edwnla II. Borden); Samuel J. lluey, 1,500 shares; A. Fred Renaud, 100 shares (per R. J. Iluey). E. L. zabelry, ;co. W. Schweltzer, wit nesses. AlEXIS BRIAN, Notary P'uble. I, the undersigned deputy recorder of mortgages In and for the parlsh of Orleans. do hereby certify that the foregoling bcharter of the DIrumnmers' 011i Comlpanny of Loulslsns was this day duly recorded lin my ome in book No. 1018, folio -. (Slgned) EMIIE LEONARD, Deputy Recorder of Mortgages. New Orleans, AprIl 15th. 191!. I certify the foregolong to Is a true copy of the original act of Incorporation of the SDrummers' 011O ('ompany of Iaulotlana and Sof the deputy recorder's certificate thereto attached. SNew Orleans, April 15th, 1911. ALEXIS BRIAN. S (Seal) Notary Public. apl 20-27 my 4-11-18-25-1911.