Newspaper Page Text
.DQeve4 to the Upuidling of the West Side of the River. "A very ve and creditable weekly newspaper.-MANUFACTURERS, RS CORD. ix. NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA, THURSDAY, JUNE 8, 1911. N. 4. 5- " N o. 4 ONALS OTHERWISE Cibolm h.,- bteen spend two week th relatives B Algiers Goeb1w -i.."t a feu Miss... t'e guest o: '. kucum returned las hiome aui sister. Mist making an e'ionded tout "d New lemio,. Arizont They wi: ',e gone al gltht Graud hitancelloi way an offi, :al visit tc age No. 3, Knights ol lidh prep:rirations are ig. It is t xlmeted thai g will .icco, pany the from (he other side Jr.. spe-l the past Springs. and family, W. Lilly at A. Edgeeombe and Ds weekend at Milne presiding elder of district of the Meth ibo resides at 238 0li deliver the invocation exercises of the endiers were put through inspection Saturday a Custom House. left last Wednesday be gone for several Srelatives. S eMarred in a small of Eliza and Bou owned by Jacob night. Damage 10 years old, 341 Dela as bitten by a dog la front of the resid Iaura Dassinger, 227 boy was passang out and fastened I Dr. M. J. Man o wound. An amlda I y the boy's father et the dog. Int a very interesting with a general ertk covered in the lastractor was much interest shown. At estling refreshments young men over the eotdially invited to Instructive social take place every at 7:30, at the rest 244 Ollvier St. alhrd Nichols and .wmn the delegates cbhool at the VI1;t, in interest of Itday schools, which about later. ai#aing Institute of Parish S. S. Tuesday eve ambitious teahers, received two cer evWered in the past 60h percentage. ysterday for Bay returned home woks with her sis Dpent Sunday at gaut of his grand at St. Stnts SGsatun, Panama, mk with relatives 3sxas this week. and little dau~gh from Keokuk, and daugh. E Grand Junction, It Mrs. Hy. Clark. A. Barrett re Ocean Springs, as been promoted patrolman to the i| stationed at the C. KChn, of Lt., have been wrtih Mr. and of Belle Rose, alter, Mrs. "f Ollvier street, e, La. eturned Sun. Ia. She was Aireda Garett, for some time. Dr. W. H. Wee Bhreveport, has been 1e0 of Morgan MrL Phiomens was oeletneged ie hrch of by Rev. Pa bride is from Ia, and the ear district. held a mefet the annual only a few ft was deemed hoped that all who can will endeavor to attend. It was decided to hold the reception on Monday. June 19. T. F. Meagher left Monday night for Lake Charles, where he is to su. perintend the caulking of several barges for the Clooney Construction and Towing Co. SMrs. D. B. Phillips and Mrs. Thos. P. Richardson were the guests last Wednesday of Miss Edna Kleinkem w per at Waveland, Miss. Mt Mrs. Henry Balrnsfather, of Belle ville St., left Tuesday for Pensacola, aFla., to visit her brother, George r Bommer. ia Mrs. Gus Weber and baby have gone 11 to Fort Wayne, Ind., for a three months' stay. r Mr. Ed. Veazey returneo to New a Iberia. A George Talbot spent Sunday at -La ' fayette. Wm. Wolverton, who was injured a 1 few weeks ago at the Johnson Iron Works by falling against one of the cross beams of a new boat being con structed there, has fully recovered. y Mr. Julian King, traveling represen d tative of the Electric Appliance Co., is still confined to the Presbyterian Hospital suffering from a very severe I attack of typhoid fever. His condi tion has not been satisfactory to the . physicians of the institution, but it' is n hoped his previous strong constitution e will enable him to weather the dis ease. h John M. Schorr has succeeded Hy. SDiehlman as brew master at the Se curity Brewing Co. Mr. Diehlman has y accepted a position with another brew I ery in the city. Wm. Maher, of Opelousas, La., who I is travelling on a gasoline boat of his . own, following his trade of optician, b is ill on his boat, which is anchored e near the steamer Hettie, foot of Mor gan street. Mr. Maher is a member of a Masonic Lodge at Opelousas, La. A very enjoyable fish supper was tendered by Mr. and Mrs. Jas. Gen 7 tile to their many friends last Sunday at Norma Cottage, Milneburg. Good I things to eat and drink were plenti ful. Ice cream and refreshments were served. Boating, bathing and fishing r were enjoyed. Among those present were Sergeant and Mrs. Wheatley r and family, Mr. and Mrs. M., J. Foster l and family, Mr. and Mrs. Ed McMahon sand family, Mr. and Mrs. T. 8. Mc i Givney, Miss Melvit Dwyer, Mr. Phil Ip Comeaux, Mr. Tim Dwyer, of Jet Sfermo Parish and Mr. and Mrs. Jos. s Gentile. C. G. Duplan, custodian of our pub I lie !ibrary, has gone to Covington, La., for his health. FOR A GOOD CAUSE. At a meeting Friday night of the committee in charge of the emergency fund raised during the yellow fever period of 1906, it was decided to turn over the balance of a little over $214 to the two nonsectarian institutions deemed the meet deserving and the most needy. The committee selected the* Louisiana 'ntt-Tuberculosis League and the New Orleans Dispens ary for Women and Children, share and share alike. Those who had contributed to the fund were notified tibet they should appear at the met ling Friday night and make objections if they Selt so inclined. No one op posed. The committee was composed of Rev. W. 8. Slack, chairman; George Koppel, and George Herbert, Jr., treasurer. BAY ADAM PARTY. Conductor Joseph Thorning is back on duty gain after spending a plesant week uas the guest of W. J. Van Hess at his camp at Bay Adam. The fol lowing were also members of the par ty: J C. Van Hess, F. H. Van Hess, Chas. Rupp, J. C. Van Hes, Jr., ,. P. Mastinez, PhlL Gelsenemer, P. A. Reidencuese and Mr. and Mrs. W. J.1 VYn Hess. Tmhe jolly crowd enjoyed some good sport, catching plenty of fish. and J. C. Van Hems, Jr., was voted the champion fisherman o the crowd.. Mr. Thorning reports few moquialtoes, fine brese and fish biting. LETTER LIST." Unatmeid letters remaining at Sta ti A, NMew Orleas, La., poet egice, week ending June 8, 191 Oe.tlemea-Jan Beo Eusgne ri~ ia, Jo. 3. Cruanas, J. Lucas ABk Mack, R R. Mudly, Caiford Rap peda. ]dis-Mrs. Talle Belle, Mrs. Mat isehler, Mrs Aas Joson; Mrs. Geor gans Mathews, Mrs. Elodle Renton, Mrs A. Wuhasintom. W. J. BhfAN, P. K. J. W. DANIELS. Supt. 8ta. A. - -1I WILL CELERATE At their meeting Toued* alsght stas -3n Lqgq of Masom awppoeiate a cmittee f re, Albeit luthesI. and~ w. Iwnes la A. A. S perer, to mks aura mems ~,t as eistr.t ls, eo Ut. #oa Guir Sathr at Wet Mad, , sdrJtates a grndaswewemer I the *jgd L. .·f 6iL ror the SOLARI'S rt Ideal for Nearly Half a Cen s' tury has been Honest Food ral qnd Legitimate Profits. n We take pleasure in presenting to our customers a few words os. about a "VIRGINIA DARE m- WINE" The choicest selection from each Ile- vintage of the finest American la, Grape-"THE SCUPPERNONG." 'ge The appropriateness of the name lies in the fact that the old Mother ne Scuppernong Vine is still growing ee on Roanoke Island, near the sport where she was born (in 1587, of w noble lineage, the first white child in America VIRGINIA DARE This Wine has a quality all its own, and is strictly a LADIES' WINE, and greatly appreciated by on the Male sex when served as the he ladies know how-REAL COLD, in a thin glass. Pints, 30 cents; quarts, 50 cents. Red or White. SA. M. & J. SOLARI, Ltd, R ESYAL All ISERVILLE STREETS. be One block below Canal Street. is Dn is THIS WEEK. [y. ROQUEFORT AND IMPORTED as SWISS CHEESE w- BRICK AND AMERICAN CREAM CHEESE. FINE AND DANDY. AL WAYS ON HAND. tis a CHEESE CRACKERS, NABISCO ed SPONGE FINGERS, PUFFED RICE or- AND WHEAT. er STILL SELLING 5 LBS. GRANU a. LATED SUGAR FOR 25c, in 5-LB. as I PACKAGES ONLY. n Ly AUGUST SCHABEL, the Grocer. Patterson and Olivier Sts. re - g NEW FICTION AT THE BRANCH It LIBRARY. Trevor Lordship, Mrs. H. Barclay. Dweller on the Threshold, H. S. - Hichens. Camera Fiend, E. W. Horning. Grain of Dust, D. G. Phillips. Long Roll, M. Johnston. Master and the Maid, L. A. Harker. Moving Finger, P. Oppenheim. Keeping up with Lizzie, T. Bachel- I ler. Orphans, H. D. Brown. King over the Water, J. H. McCar-I thy. < Colonel's Story, Mrs. S. A. Pryor.. I ,Dawn of the Morning, Mrs. G. Lutz. I r Love under Fire, R. Parrish. ( n High Hand, J. Futrelle. t 4 Wandering Ghosts, F. M. Crawford. 1 Leila, A. Fogeasaro.. e Adventure, J. London. d Members of the Family. O. Wister. l 2 The Claw, C. Stockley. D Brasenhead the Great, M. H. Hew Slett.) d Prodigal Judge, V. Kester. d To Love and to Cherish, E. C. Hall. t- Brother Copes, A. T. Conch. SGolden Silence, C. N. Williamson. Adventures of a Modest Man, Cham- 4 d bers. I BETTER DRAINAGE FOR THE I LOWER COAST. At a meeting of citizens in the public * hall in Mansonia, in the lower coast a k section of Algiers, at which John Lew- I t is, one of the well-known business men t a of that place presided, resolutions a I- were adopted asking the Sewerage and d r- Water Board to use a small portion of t , the prooeeds from the recent bond sale d . to improve the drainage facilities of I L. that section of Algiers lying between a F. the outfall drainage canal at the rear, e d the Mississippi river on the front, the 5 if Southern Pacific Railroad track on the a d upper end, and the end of the outfall c ..drainage casl on the lower end, com , prising ht al an area of about three t square miles. Jamee Manson of Manson Bros., of New Orleans; Eugene F. Dyer, former C president of the wholesale house of J. C. Morris & Co.; Peter 8. Lawton, 6 Howard Koppdel and others prominent-' t ly iaterested in the improvement of that section, were instrumental in call * lng the meeting and In laying before 0 " it the objects and pulrpose for which ~ ilt had been caed. The meeting wasu muanlmous in its approval of the at t tempt to secure betr drninage IfadCl Iitles. It enthueastically iniored the I propds df. Messrm. Mansonm Dyer, l Iawton amd Koppel that a petition be a cledlated and premented to the Sew- ,1 erate end Water Board askins that a b diteh about twenty feet in width end e Syve feet deep be dug parfllel to and lt adjolinnS the levee that boands the i river det of the outall aresal, in order r t that the water n o l ta property be- t I tween ta river sad 4* eatflL earnsl '- conM, a time s bul rlal be ap@l I Sditoinuiy draind free. the lead sad 5 earrli e by at he tl eU c mai. Ts Ime 5sl avnt a th n that mas s I d.ts. =- s a w, ,- -- eot: gIa +.,; . .+, i+ - : . . . . .. ..+ +,-. _ - could be constructed at a nominal ex pense from the Algiers pumping sta tion and along the outfall canal to that point where the canal turned back from the river toward Jefferson par ish, and at this point the ditch could be constructed one and one-quarter mile toward the river. The land has a slope of eleven feet from the river to the outfall canal, a distance of a little over a mile, and thus the drain age facilities would be excellent if a ditch were constructed to carry off this drain water. It was declared that the outfall canal was not accomplish ing the full purpose for which it had been originally constructed, in that it only carried off the water pumped into it from the drains of Algiers, and did not carry off the drain water of this lower section. It was estimated that 50 per cent of this area of three square miles, with a population of several hundred persons, would be turned into first-class truck farm land. whereas at present it suffers simply from a lack of efficient drainage. It was also suggested by some of the residents who live farther down the coast than the area which it is hoped to drain that the outfall canal should be continued down several miles far ther in order that other property might be drained, but nothing definite was decided upon at the meeting, although it was stated that at some future meet ing this matter might be taken up. -Mr. Lawton stated that there would be no trouble In constructing the ditch, as it would nt be necessary to use D private property for a right of way. Several years ago he secured for the M Sewerage and Water Board a right of way for the outfall canal wide enough to accommodate the ditch that is now desired as well as the canal already O built. It would simply be a question of securing recognition of the pressing need of this improvement from the board and then securing the necessary appropriation with which to have the B. work undertaken. MONTHLY H MEETING. 3. On Mondy night the regular meeting of the Algiers Improvement Associa tion was held at Pythian Hall with the regular elected officers presiding. Af. ter the reading of the minutes by Sec r. retary Peter Muntz and their adoption, I he was complimented on the manner 'I- in which he had reported the business I of the previous meeting. Peter S. Lawton, vice-president of I r- the association, was elected chairman 1 of the executive committee. The new i by-laws, which went over to a second i z. reading, were adopted with a few i amendments. The executive commit- i tee then made their reports through i i sub-committees, on important matters, t which were referred to them by the Association. Wmin. H. Ward and J. P. < r. Veien, who were appointed a sub- I committee on the matter of the dis- s - crimination in freight rates against Algiers, made the following report: t Algiers, June 5, 1911. . President and Members, t Property Holders' Assn. Gentlemen-Your committee appoint '- ed to report upon the status of Algiers in the matter of railroad rates, trans- t fer and switching charges, called upon 4 Mr. J. A. Smith, president of the I Freight and Transportation Boreau of < the New Orleans Board of Trade, upon Mr. Smith's invitation, who gave us, c sufficient Information on this subject r t as would enable us to obtain full data r- in the shape of printed folders from a the Railroad Commteion as soon as a some member of our organization can d devote the necessary time to make f the proper compilation. We find that e during last year and even this year so ftar, that many concessions have been a granted us, so that now we are pleas-. r, ed to say, many commoditles can be i e placed in Algiers in earload lots with-. e out the old time ferry and beltagolE l charges, wheich places uas on a par with ( r- New Orleans. We feel that bur pol- t le tion is such at present that it would t be well to have said data compiled at u t the earliest moment, so that our me6r< rIchants can begin taking advantage of I t this new condition. No time *hould i be lost in advertising these new ad- 2 .vantages as soon as we can get the a d matter in shape, so that factories may t .be shown that for the irst time in c our history we can offer city rail rates on the tincoming raw materalst at s least. SW. H. WARD, I- J. P. VEJIEN. SMesQrs. Peter 8. Lawton, George ,Koppel, and Judge Peter Clement, who Swere appointed oub-conittee on the Sinvetigation of the possaibilities of a having the Agliers outfall drainage I canalea become tihe eatern terminus oft I the Intersostal Canal, made the fol-t m lowing report, which was cepted and r referred brhk to the committee for i - further inwesatlp on: 3 Ales, JUae 5, 191L ,-PFrstlest and Mambers, i Alsias Iuprevement Assolation. a Gtlesms: Your eoma te whlebI a was aprs4e tlatLgad the mros ia sat5s et te i S Camea sad I to detsmieo RI Ihibtle wI i bthisa!m m ts- thsrm I I)R. M. DAVID HASPEL, k Practice limited to diseases of r- ear, nose and throat. Office. d Commercial-Germania Bank Big.. r corner of Verret and Patterson s Streets. r hours 9 to 11:30-Tuesday, a Thursday and Saturday by ap pointment. a New Orleans Office. Medical R Bldg. Hours, 12 to 5. Lake Salvador to this city had yet been finally decided upon, beg :) say that we have authentic information to the effect that a report of the local engineers strongly recommending said route is now before the Army Engi neers at Washington in the shlapl of a special report which will very likely be acted upon within the next 9 , days. We find further, that said c(,a: has e now reached Galveston Bay in a shape , that while far from satisfactory to d the government as yet, renders it pos d sible for small craft to presently use it between said point and the Rio t Grande. We also find that the dinien B sions of the canal w'hich the govern ment is building as the connecting links between the bayous, rivers sicd bays encountered throughout said to tal distance of some 850 miles, about three-fourths of which has now been completed, is but 40 feet bottom width with a depth of 5 feet. No doubt )ut the forthcoming special report men tioned will furnish much of tre data we desire concerning this most i:n portant enterprise. It is a matter of great satisfaction to know that this canal system has made a good start and is not only neing car ried forward by the government but several private canals and brancaes in Louisiana are being constructed with the expectation of their being im portant feeders and a part of the main system. I Your committee will continue their efforts to have the Algiers outfall ca nal made a part of the final system and connected with the Mississippi river. PETER S. LAWTON, OlO. KOPPEL, PETER CLEMENT. Howard Koppel presented the fol- 1 lowing resolution, which was received I and referred to the executive com mitte for investigation: I In view of the great importance of the Third District Ferry to this dis trict, at the present time, to say noth ing of what a factor said ferry may become in the near future in the mat- Ii ter of the town's development; be it S resolved, by the Property Holders' As soclation of Algiers, that the Mayor I and City Council be requested to take A up the matter of said ferry proposi- h tion, with a view of bettering the con- b ditlons of said service in the matter l of landings, waiting-rooms, etc., and h particularly to cause the discontinu ance of the use of the old garbage S wharf adjoining said ferry landing on n the city side by the excavating com- n pany or companies now using it, to c6 the extreme discomfort if not actual d danger to their health, of the mani persons who are daily and hourly com- a pelled to use said ferry. Be it fur. d ther resolved that the secretary be re- V quested to forward a copy of the reso- I lution to Hon. Martin Behrman, Mayor of the Aty. Regarding the drawbridge over the outfall drainage canal, the following resolution was offered by Dr. Kraft, which was referred to the executive a committee, who acted upon the matter It at once and referred to the secretary 0 for execution: Resolution by Dr. Kraft. In view of the fact ,hat the bridge of the Grand Isle Railroad, which spans the Algiers outfall canal, com pletely obstructs said canal for all practical navigation purposes, thereby cutting off direct water communica tion between Alglers and Bayou Bara tarla and all the waterways with which said bayou is connected to Morgan City and beyond; and in view of the further fact that the city of New Or leans is the owner of a strip of land 200 feet wide extending from the 410 ar-pent line to said Bayou Baratarmia, through the center of which strip said canal has been dug and acree which strip said brid. is located, be it re solved by the Preperty Holders' As sociation of Algiers, that the Honorable Mayor and City Concil be requested to cause this matter to be investigated with a view of placing said fact be fore the oAdcals of said railroad for such action as will remove said ob struction. Be it further resolved, that in the event that mid railroad should refuse to grant said necessary relief that the city then proceed to take le gal measures to have msaid stracture either removed or substituted by a draw-bridge which would permit of the flaB and free use of said canai at all times without unnecessary deten tie. to such water craft as may de asie to enter or leave the town Be it fuather relved, that the c retary be reqseted to Sorward a eapy or this ssmnto d fau Mamtn 3s* . Myer at the eltr. 'PHONE "Algiers 48" Just say- "Screen my cistern" We Will Do the Rest J. Bodenger, Pres. Algiers Cornice & Plumbing Wks. C- CLOSING EXERCISES HOLY NAME OF MARY SCHOOL. o r it Junior Night, June 11, 1911. 's PROGRAM. Instrumental duet, Misses Irene Sin clair and Marguerite Haggerty; open ing chorus; boys; Inst. duet, Misses Ir Josie Weigman and Thelma Dassinger; "Dolly," Minims; Inst. duet, Misses Ju lia Twickler and Edna Aucoin. 1i NO PEDDLERS WANTED. Characters: Bookkeeper, Nicholas Collette; Pedler, Raymond Curren; Book Agent, John Spence; Second Pedler, Willie Johnson. Instrumental duet, Misses Emily Tallon and Mamie 1. Morrison; the Brownies at School, d Minims. Intermission. 1. A Tinker's Song, Raymond Richard; Inst. duet, Misses Emily Tallon and Albertine Lecourt. TRUE TO HER TRUST. y Characters: Liska, Rosabel Garland; . Indian Nurse, Gladys Short; Madame t St. Elmo, Marguerite Haggerty. Pupils of Notre Dame: Victorine, r Helen Barrett; Zelda, Clare Cassidy; e Augusta, Mamie Morrison; Eleanor, I Mildred Walters; Bertha, Esther He I- bert; Ouida, Annie Johnson; Louise, r Maggie Garland; Emma, Helen Gra I ham; Lottie, Mary McLean; Millie, , Mary Collins; Lily, Annie May Gould; p Sadie, Katie Montelepre; Bessie, An nie Bechtel; Rettie, May Donnely; Co ra, Winnie Casey; Mary, Elenora Mit chell; Irene, Daisy Kestler; Adela, Ly dia Boudreaux. Scene I.-Inst. duet, Misses Zella and Winnie Casey. Scene II.-Inst. duet, Misses Mary Brown and Josie Wiegman. Scene III.-Misses Katie Twickler and Annie L. McNeeley. r Senior Night, June 16, 1911. PROGRAM. Overture, orchestra; Inst. duet, pi- ] g anos, Misses Mercedes Belton and Ka r tie Twickler; O'er Blooming Meadows, l Opening Chorus. Orchestra. DOROTHY. Cast of Characters: Dorothy, Gen. Ormeby's Daughter, Mercedes Belton; Mrs. Ormsby, his wife, Irene Sinclair; 1 Mrs. Lorimer, Mrs. Ormsby's sister, 4 Ruby Legendre; Edith, her only child,.I aged four years, Little Floris Rupp; I r Mabel and Cecile, Dorothy's cousins on a visit, Anna Martines and Ullainee 1 Collins; Matilda, nurse who steals T. TRncAeIN West End Hotel Everything in Season Well Cooked ajoy eme d ear meek s the bi allery while yes see the show and hwr the had. Ope threbhet. Why You Like to Get Your Shoes at Our Store Because we make you eel that we want to please and satisfy you thre ly, because we don't grumble at showing you any number of styles and sises--until you get just what you want, because we don't hurry you--we let you take your own time to decide upoe a certain style or size, because we act cheer fully about it--and help you in every possible way, that's why our caustomers stick to as year i and year out. Ronooky Shoe Store v ^,Ati . ERE E SUN IS BRIGHT. Edith, Louise Stenger; Sarah Ann, maid from "down Kentry," Irma Ward rop; Chloe, colored maid "Aunt Di nah's Charge," Marguerite Hlaggerty; Miss Mansfield, proprietor of Villa in Staten Island, Edna Verneuil; Miss Leslie, Stella Charleville: Miss Davis, Edna Aucoin; Mr. Ezekiah Pinkerton, and Mrs. Pinkerton. old residents of Staten Island, Joseph Collins and Ka tie Stenger; Deborah, their adopted daghter, Ruth Vallette; Mrs. Seabury, a "neighborly" neighbor, Katie Fitz patrick; Priscella, her daughter. Zelia Casey; Sallie, her daughter, Georgi ana Reaney; Robert Westcott, former coachman in the Ormsby's employ, who plotted with his wife "Matilda" to steal the child, Edward Curren; Margaret, a little orphan whom Rob ert Westcott tries to impose on the Ormsby's as their lost child, Emily Tallon. Village Girls, en route to pic nic in woods: Misses Nettle Worley. Daisy Kizer, Grace Legendre, Rosabel Garland, Gladys Short, Zella Casey, Adele Verneuil, Julia Twlckler, Thel ma Magnire, Mildred Walters, Eola Mitchell, Evelyn Kizer, Lena Chalsson, Clara Conrad, Lillian Hunn, Bertha Scheffel. Act I.-Scene 1: Garden of General +Ormsby's House, 5th jAvenue, New York. Time, Fifty Years Ago. Scene II: Interior of House-A maid from "down Itentry" and a clever plotting nurse girl. Domestic troubles. A spoiled child. Dorothy and her step mother. Edith is "kidnapped." Orchestra. Act II-Scene 1: Roseville, Staten Island. Time, Seven years later. Farmhouse of Mr. Pinkerton, who res cued Edith Ormsby from drowning the night she was stolen by Matilda, the nurse. Scene 2: Country road lead ing to Mansfield Cottage, which the Ormsby's have rented for the summer. Intermission. Orchestra. Inst. duet, pianos, Misses Victoria Hymel and Annie May Tierney. Little Grandmas in Grandma Land: Part 1, Third Grade Pupils; Part 2, Fourth Grade pupils. "Comln thro' the Rye," vocal solo, May Casey. Orchestra. Come, Come Away, chorus. EUCHRE. The Ushers' Society of the Church of the Holy Name of Mary will give a progressive euchre at their hall on the night of June 8. The game is to start at 8 p. m. Admission 25c, tal lies 15c. A souvenir is also to be pre sented.