Newspaper Page Text
Pitman-Spencerian Chartier By J. M. REASER, Prin. Com'I Department
KONG the foremost novellts of the world and time was Charles
Dickens. a parliamentary shorthand reporter. He studied and
used a system to which I am going to devote reverential atten
Like Robert Falton's steamboat it was the first system-at least
tlh the English speaking race.
The only difference is that Fulton's achievement is unquestionably
s progenitor of our mighty ocean greyhounds, our battleships, our
gLytulas. Fulton's craft grew. The parent Pitman did not. It re
nli an approach to the subject entirely different from that for the
qrisiag of w hich Sir Isaac was knighted, to attain a result whose simpli
c, ease, legibility and reading power destines it to rule the world-the
PgNCERIAN ('.IARTIER System o Shorthand. Remember those words
..."N APPROACH TO THE SUBJECT ENTIRELY DIFFERENT."
SDavid Coplerfield (which is, most of the time, simply a character
elsI by Dicktis for his own autobiography) thus describes the trials and
ibNlations of the weary and heart-rending time he had In learning Pit- <
isa to prepare himself to report Parliament-AND THERE IS NOT A '
ON WHO ATTAINS THIS PROFICIENCY IN PITMAN WHO WILL
0yT TELL YOTI THAT HIS TRIALS HAVE BEEN JUST AS GREAT -
AND THE TI.I E IHE HAS TAKEN AS LONG. t
"I bought an improved scheme of the noble art and MYSTERY of c
ssegraphy. which cost me ten and sixpence, and plunged into a sea of
perplexity that brought me, in a few weeks, to the confines of distrao
Us. The changes that were rung upon dots, which, in such position,
rest such a thing, and in such another position something else entirely '
lerent; the wonderful vagaries that were played by circles; the unao
pgatable consequences that resulted from marks like flies' legs; the tre- 8
iaudous effects of a curve in a wrong place, not only troubled my waking c
yars, but reappeared before in my sleep. When I had groped my way 4
Maly through these difficulties, and had mastered the alphabet, which n
Ssa Egyptian temple in itself, there appeared a procession of new a
I'sors called arbitrary characters-tbe most despotic characters I have C
rW known. When I had fixed these wttches in my mind, I found that I
,_b had driven everything else out of it; then, beginning again. I forgot o
Mra; while I was picking them up, I dropped the other fragments of the
Sie-in short, it was almost heart-breaking."
This is Charles Dickens' own account of his struggles with what may a
-elled the parent system of all shorthand now in vogue.
' It is a vivid and true picture n the struggles of the best and bright- d
ainds who undertake, with this medium, to report so exacting and ca
uIeslt a kind of work as debates and speeches-with this exception:
NEVER LEARN PITMAN, IN SPITE OF EFFORT. OTHERS h
ACQUIRE A FAMILIARITY WITH WHAT THEY WRITE"
AS TO ENABLE THEM TO TRANSCRIBE IT ACCURATELY AND sa
S10 EXAMINE WHY THIS IS 80-TO LAY BEFORE YOU WHY ITl o
NOT SO8 WITH THE WONDERFUL SPENCERIAN CHARTIER SYS at
IS THE AIM OF THESE COMPARATIVE ANALYSES tU
r Isaac Pitman was born in 1813. 0
g He was a scholarly thinker. V
I: 1837 he published what he called "Stenographic Soundhand." tl
The system, the invention of a trained, logical and well-ordered in- fc
reflects those Intellectual qualities. w
Yes an trace the mental process by which Sir Isaac devised the al- sl
which once ruled the stenographic world. at
sac.e, a graduate of the British Normal College. fell hack on the aI
useful circle; the angle or slant of straight lines, and finally sue- lI
is composing an alphabet, itself easily remembered, but, used as
stgthaUd system, presenting difficulties it requires months and years t,
miimw so thoroughly as to be able to take testimony, speeches, et.,
-t. In some instances, a heavy percentage, this mastery is eer
.I's look inato this, first tracing the steps of Sir Isaac plfsmer Bi
ead then analyze why this system, having no reference to English b
to the ingrained habit of the mind by which people spell and a
Is leaghand, require so much study and work of the stuadet aot o1
he d master it. at
Sr Ilia took a circle and eat It up Into as many parts a weal1 ea. dg
sea to as the segments or are as symbols for consonant sounds
easfmaio%, This Is indlelted by the points checked oR In the
Tara we to igure 1
..r. ure s .. - Ie
-c I =t l = "
) S.) Z ,-c=/ =c - h
- p o
sel =1. i m t/=W /a -!
" MNIC A FORD, UlrD.
OF AMERICA, STAT
ARI8SH OF Otl/ANS,
that on this the th day
May, lan the year of ouar
b eundre and eleve
of the United States
ea hearea sad thirty
º Alerts Brian, a tr
the Parh of Orleans, a"
a Ina the presence of the
r named and under.
came and appred Mr.
_ $r u Mr. C. U.-Beard both
of New Orleaes, here
Sacting in their c ipaelter
tad secretar rtespectvely Ot
Umited a L ouidana cor
under the laws of the
heretotore domiclled Io
tL, lacorpprated by
Alla edall. otar
oah of Caddo, on the nsata
, duly recorded In the
f the Parish of Cadds.
that at a general mesin
f said copora d
Of Shreveport, Leolmtm, en
f Januarye, 1911. 9 id meet
lt forth, the bliwing I
Ste charter of said corpoer
by unanimous vote aO
Outstanding stock of said
Sthe charter of sid corpor
at the stckheldes' meet
Ut th et kholderg metin
1 1L0, was maended so
"A ICi III.
steek of this corpoeratliem
-hadred thousand dollar 1
ntla and represented by
L.0) shares of the sm
trs ($100) each. Twenty
of said shares shall
alled Series A and twenty
Sshares shall be classi
B: to elect this there I
O shares of one hundred I
ach of the stock of this I
maditlee to the two thee
1 tsent o dslawnd ta 1V
Of the said sw lmm 1
shall be claslfled and called Series A and
the remaining Afteen hundred shares of the
new issue shall be classlfed and called Be.
ries B, all of whidh shall be represented by
cash actually received by sid corporation,
-y that so stock shall he sued until the
consmderation thereftr has been received by
SFurther o transfer of stock shall affect
the corporation unless made on the books
of the corporatsa at its odAce In the City
of New Orleans, where said corporation
shall be domiciled, and only on surrender of
r the certifcate therefor."
Article IV of the charter of said corpor
B ation. as amended at a mueting of the stock
beolm held on April 15th, 190, was again
amended s. as to read as follows:
h oseporate ewer of this ceorora
fle shall be vested in and exercised by a
Beard et Directors composed of shi stock
holders. The ibllowing persons shall con.
stitute the present Board of Directors:
Messrs. W. . Penick, Jr., J. P. Ford, Na
than T. Penick, M. S. 8tandlfer, August 8o
nlat, C. 8. Beard, with W. 8. Penck, Jr.,
as president, J. P.. rd as vice-president,
and C. S Beard secretary. The said oa
cers and directors shall bold their said of
ices until the first Tuesday in January
1912, and until their sucesseers shall have
been duly elected and qualIfied. On the said
frst Tusday of January, 1912, and every
ive years tereter,a Board of Directors
shall be elected unless said date shall be a
legal holiday, and In that case sald election
shall be held the day followlng the said
holiday. Notice of said electon shall be
given by ten days' notice pblished in one
of the newspapers published tn the Parish
of Orleas. The Board of Directors shall
appoint one or more stockholders to preside
at such election. Any failure from any
cause to held meetinags or to elect said
beard on the day named for that pupese
shall not disolve the corporation but the
directors bel In oce shall hold over until
their suseessors are cbosen and qualiied.
After sueh election the Board of Directors
shall elect from their umber the edcers
bet the above named ecers as president,
vice-presldMnt and scretary sLhall remain in
oBee au shove statedm tll the irst electIon
Axed herein on the frst Tuesday in Janu
ary, 1912: and until the suoesssors are
elected and qualed. Any vracney occur
rlin among the Bce of pesident, vi, e
preeldent and seretary shall be filled by
the beard of Direrere; bUt e vaecy ir
the Beard shall Ast be il bed re any
vaeacy amen sal ecers shall be iBed.
"I ons aeany vasency prior to the e
piradon Of their tem sll uset or Occur
.o V.I n=ouP 4=o n=u Lu=)W
it- circle of Figure 1, marked with numerals from 1 to S. Segment. are or
A curve, 1-7, he called "t'; curve, 2-8., "th"; curve, 4-6, "s"; curve, 5-7,
,1 "sh"; curve, 1-3, "1"; curve, 8-6, "r". Having thus obtained six con
LT sonant signs or symbols, he doubles the use of five of these by writing
them heavy and thus giving symbols for the heavy sounds of these five
of consonant signs. Thus the sign for "f," written heavy. becomes "v";
of "th" (as in "myth") becomes, written heavy. "th" (as in "with"); "a"
becomes "s"; "I" is written upward or downward, the usefulness of
o this segment of the circle is single; "r" written heavy becomes the vowel
y sound, "y"! "M" and "n" are the top and bottom of the circle.
SIR ISAAC WAS STILL SHORT AT LEAST EIGHT CONSONANT
. SOUNDS, and he proceeded to use all possible unconfusable radii of the
ag circle for these missing consonants: Radius, 2-c, he called "p"; 3-c, "t";
Ly 4-0, "ch"; 1-c. "k." Observe, please, that there is not a single other seg
.h ment of the circle or rallus thereof which can be used without imminent
w and even hopeless danger or confusion, but he had now all necessary
re CONSONANT SOUNDS and the EMBRYO of a system, HOPELESSLY
Lt NONFLUENT, and DESTINED ABSOLUTELY to require, for the reason
)t of its CUMBERSOMENESS. a vast distionary of word-signs.
ie HE HAD NOT YET A SINGLE VOWEL SIGN. Of these-in the
writing of English, these vowel sins are are absolutely imperative, at least:
iy ah, eh, ee, aw, oh, oo, and (short) a, e, I, (short) o, u. oo.
The device by which Sir Isaac attained their expression is hopelessly
t- defective, as will be shown. He made position the expression of the vowel,
4 calling above the line, on the line and below the line the three positions.
i: "Ah," for instance, is indicated by a heavy dot above the line. That
8 heavy dot on the line or in the middle of the stroke or letter becomes
N "eh" and in the last place, "ee." Written light, it becomes the short
D sound of the same vowels. TakinLa short dash and writing it heavy
in these three positions, he furnished his system the second series of long
T or heavy vowel sounds, "aw," "oh,' "oo"; and, writing them light, the
I- seond series of short vowel slgns. "o," "u," "oo" (short). The dip
theogs are arbitrary characters, as are "i." "u."
That is the alphabet of the system for the invention of which Queen
Victoria conferred upon Sir Isaac the great honor of knighthood! With
these signs anything can be written, in some sort of a fashion, but be
k- fore a man can take testimony or speeches running from 125 to 200
words a minute, or twice as fast as a clock ticks, he has to acquire a
I- skill, to so make this system a part of him, to so WRITE SOUND (ab
stractly) that the apparent simplicity vanishes and he finds that he is
e against practically the problem which kept the immortal Dickens sleep
less, hewing down forest after fores of difficulties even in his dreams.
a This article proposes to discuss this matter to a finality-to show
a the relative merits of the 8poenoeran Chartier and Pitman.
It It not doing so in a spirit of cavil.
r It believes In the sublime dignity of the 114-foot craft of Fulton,
which made Its way laboriously up the Hudson at five miles an hour.
r But It is certain if the restless progressiveness and energy of man had
k been oontent with it and declared it the finest possible boat that human
I genius could build, he would not to-day be crossing the ocean in a little
t over four days on mighty leviathans which are practically safe against
all storm and which breast the fieroest of them without a perceptible
derease Ia speedi
This is the age of progress.
S Progress is impossible if we clin with blinded eyes to opinions which
we have accepted for their age and by reason of no thought which we our-I
selves have spent.
Progress is possible only as a result of invstigation---and Investiga
tion is the child of freedom from blas, freedom from accepted convention
altoes. Fogyism has an plan in Ameriea.
With all honor to the great Intellect of the student who has. in spite
of all the criticism to which his system is open, made It possible for men
to trasocribe thought with the swiftness with whlch It glides from the I
tongue. THIS ARTICLE ASKS THAT YOU INVUSTIGATE WHAT IT IS a
BmNKING TO PUT BNPORE YOU WITH ALL DVFERENCE AND HU- s
MILITY, BUT WITH A CONVICTION THAT EVERY CLAIM AND AR
GUMENT ADVANCED IS BANE, SOUND, TRUN-WORTHY OF YOUR
ATTENTION, INASMUCH AB THE DAY IS FAST ARRIVING WHEN
EVERY CHILD IN THE THIRD READER WILL BE LEARNING c
SHORTHAND (SPENCURIAN OHARTIER SHORTHAND) WITH AN a
AESM AND READINESS IMPO8UIBLE IN ANY OTHUn SYSTEM. c
THE GREAT PITMAN'S DIFFICULTIES h
Betfe we go any further in this analysis, and while you have the al- n
phabet of the Pitman system fresh before you, let me gie you another e
plate is order that we may make plainer our talk. v
I pick this plate at random. It is a Pitman transcript of an utter
ance of the great showman, P. T. Barnum, and here is what he said, writ
tea in longhand: a
"As far as business is concrned, I have a partlcular hobby. My
erase is that every young person, of both sexes, should learn at least si
shorthand and typewriting. Here you have mental discipline and knowl
edge together, knowledge, too, that Is almost certain at some time to he
convenient and practically available. I cannot conceive that one who S:
knows these two branches thoroughly will ever need to go hungry In the S
present generation, for they have a constantly widening use." V
Know Pitman thoroughly! Truly P. T. is a humorist. P. T. was E
either Ignorant of his subject or joking.
How many there be of these craftsmen in this city of almost 400.000 sl
souls? Count them over-those who really answer P. T.'s description. it
You or anyone with the slightest sort of memory can learn that alphabet ai
which has fajust been dgiven and which, with endless use and practice, can m
enablie one to do that speedily, but try, knowing this alphabet, to take a ol
I among the first three directors berelnabove
i named it shall be filled by a selection made
by the owners of stock of Series A and in
case of any vacancy prior to the expiration
of the term, occurring among the last three
directors above named it shall be filled by
a selection made by the owners of stock of
"At every election and stockholders' meet
Ing each stockholder shall be entitled to one
vote for each share of stock represented on
the books of the company In his name; votes
may be cast in person or by proxy author
med In writing, but at each election of di
rectors (by the stockholders) the first oc
curring the first Tuesday la January, 1912,
and every fifth year thereafter as above
provided, the holders of stock of Series A
shall elect and designate three directors
and the holders of stock of Series B shall
designate and elect three directors. After
each election of directors as above provided,
the first being the first Tuesday in January,
1912, and quintenally thereafter, the board
shall elect from their anumber the ocers,
to-wit: President. vice-president and secre
tary. The president in addition to his oth
er duties shall be general manager and In
his absence the vice-president In addition to
his other duties shall be general manager.
"No by-laws of this corporation shall be
amended or repealed except by the vote of
steckholders owning three-fourths of th
The foregoing amendments, and the an
thority of the appearers heerin will more
fully appear by referene to a duly certified
copy of the mianten of sid stoekholders'
meeting which is hereto attached end made
bSid Piek and Beard in their respective
capacities further declared, that they now,
pursuant to the direction of mid stoekbold
ers' meeting, request me, Notary, to recelve
mid amendmeats in the form of this publik
act, in order that the same may be promul
gated, published and recorded and thus be
come part of the orlginal charter, with
whlch request I, Notary, do hereby comply.
Thus done aneded in my oce at the
City of New Orleans,. Loumsan In the pres
ence of e. W. Sehweltaer and . L. 8sabery.
competent witnesses, who hereunto sign
their names with samid appearere and me,
Notary, after due reading of the whole.
W. . PNICK J., PResideat
C. S. B5BARD, tary.
00o. W. SCHWUITZBR,
-. L SZABARY.
ALEXIS BRIAN, Notary Public,
UeetP h OeNO VIA u the sbeeIng
act of amendment of the charter of Penick
& Ford, Limited, was this day duly record
ed In my oce lan book 1018, folio -.
New Orleans, May 6, 1911.
(Signed) EMILE LEONARD,
Deputy Recorder of Mortgages.
I hereby certify the foregolng to be a
true copy of the original act of amendment
of the charter of Penick & Ford, Limited,
and of the certtificate of the Deputy Recorder
of Mortgages theerto attached, which on
file in my ofete.
New Orleans, May 8, 1911.
ALEXIS BRIAN, Notary Public.
May 11 18 25 June 1 8 15 1911
OF THE 80OUTHE J FILM EXCHANGE
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. STATE
OF LOUISIANA. CITY OF NEW OR
LEANS, PARISH OF ORLEANS.
Be It knowna that on this twelfth (12th)
day of the month of May. In the year of our
Lord one thousand nine hundred and eleven
(1011), and of the idependence of the Unit
ed States of America, the one hundred and
thirty-fifth (135th), before me, Henry Leon
-aspy, a Notary Public, duly commissioned
a-i quallied in and for the Parish of Or
lears 8tate of Louisiana, and In the res
ence of the witnesses hereinater namedand
undersid, personally came and appeared :
Henry o. Lamb, John Albion Seton and
ylvester Pler Walmsley, Jr., all realt
dents of the City of New Orleans, State oi
SLouana, and of the ehll age of majority
who declared that, aaling themselve o
the provisions o the general laws of the
State of Louslank relative to the formation
of corporations, but especially of the Act
No. T8 of the General Assemb of the State
of Louisiana of the year 1904, they have
covenanted and agreed, and they do by
these presents covenant, agree, bind and ob
lgate themselves as well as such other per
eons who may hereafter become soeiated
with them to constitute and form them
selves Into a corporation and body politie Ia
law theor the prpeea and objects and ngder
the artles . t. l toleia, to
speaker at 150 words per minute, and see how thoroughly you reall:
See if you don't find your penci with the same sort of fits that a!
flicted that of the great I)ickens.
JOKER BARUM'S WORDS IN SHORTHAND
s" The above is the plate showing the transcript in shorthand of Par
of num's point of view of shorthand. It is probably written by a man who
el answers Barnum's description, full of word-signs, correctly used- -a per
p First, let us call your attention to the fact that the vowel-signs are
ie entirely eliminated-and believe ume when you are taking a speech. you
. have no time for vowel-sighs with Pitman shorthand. THE REASON
I WHY IT TAKES YOU SO MI'CII PRACTICE TO MAKE TlIS SYSTI'\I
t VALUABLE TO YOU IS TIIAT YOUR EYE, YOI'R INSTINCT .MBST 11t
, TRAINED SO THAT YOUR EYES ALMIOST SUPPLY THIE INVISIBL.E
Y AND ?:ON-EXISTING VOWELS. In fast writing you are forced to dro:
n the vowels. We set forth here one proposition of shorthand which dufll.s
It is elemental:-The reading power of any system is based on the
percentage of vowel sounds you can indicate.
Here is a another truism: ITS SPEED IS BASED ON THE SI'PEI:
WITH WHICH YOU CAN DO THIS.
From these two axioms it is impossible to get away. 0
Now, In this light-so clear and self-evident-let us get at the tran
script of what Joker Barnum says, as transcribed in the Pitman systenm.
Notice, please, that the very first three words are written as a word
sign-the very first three words. These first three words are "as far as."
and the Pitman system writes them 'sfrs"! There is not a hint of a vowel
sound anywhere. In the position! Why should "as" he written in the first
position and in the last position, and each time spell "as"? The accuracy
of geometry is sadly deserted in this: "Fr," "far." Is there any possible
reason, conceding for the sake of argument that the "fr" Is in the first
n position, why this should not be "far," "afar," and since there is mere
position visible, why it should not be "offer?" It is, however, "far" to
the trained eye in Pitman, for the reason that that house there is a house
to your familiar vision. In "business." position pretty well indicates the
word. You have "ba" and "ns," and require no flight of Imagination to
make it out. "Pn" Is conventionally in the second position, making it
literally and meaninglessly "open" with the "o" long, as in "mode" dr
"pone" (same long o) or "pain" ilong a), or "pen" (short e), etc.
In short, the "pn" In the second position spells "upon", because it is con
ventionally so accepted. "Concerned" has a little bit of dot before the in
itial circle-s for "con," an "r" cut half its length, thus adding "d and a
little "n"-hook---stlll the "d," created by the shortening of the "r" is
read after the "n"-hook. Here, then, are the consonant signs guiding
the experienced eye in reading "concerned"-"consrnd." "I" is the
"tick" on top of the "v," and "v" is a word-sign for "have." "Iv," in other
words, is "I have." "A" is the dot In the first position. "Particular" is
Sp" shortened to half length to show that there is a "t" or "d" sound
somewhere concealed about its person, and the "p" is begun with an "r"
hook, although the "r" is read after the "p." Literally, we have "rpt (or
d)" spelling "particular." Another word-sign: "Hb" (vowel sounds to
be guessed) "hobby." In a sentence of eleven words, thus, we have
seven word-sign*. 9
What now is really a word-sign? It is something that has to be
learned and stored away in the memory. When the first eleven words
of the man who says that his hobby is that every young person should
learn shorthand "thoroughly," are found to contain seven words that
have absolutely to be remembered, it is to be seen at a glance that he is
either ignorant of what he is talking about, or has a large and expansive
sense of humor. This system cannot be taken on and carried as a side
liae. One who learns it has to dedicate himself to it as did Dickens. An
other thing, this system cannot be mastered and allowed to rust. Speed,
accuracy, a working order of the possession is maintained by constant
practice and that alone.
There are sixty-eight words in the rest of what P. T. Barnum here
said. There are over forty word-signs in this number. Capacious mem
ory at this gait, don't you think. to know this language of lines and ares
and circles thoroughly-a big word-sign store-house necessary; and you
cannot pause, you know, when you are writing 150 words a minute to re
call how "I have been," "as far as" "that" "particular." etc., are writ
ten. Pitman is aliost impossible with night students.
It is strange, almost remarkable, that an analytical genlus such as
must have been the mind that invented and evolved Pitman system did
not reflect that the two greatest impediments in hls system were Inflict
ed unabated on all the men and women who studied and the oompar%
tively few who mastered his system:
A lack of vowel power. e"
A diminution of speed proportioned to the number of vowel signs
Net result--an absolute necessity of an enormous dictionary of word
A difficulty of mastery increased by every word-sign.
A MULTIPLICATION, IN THE CASE OF EXPERTS, OF WORD
SIGNS 80 GREAT AS TO MAKE THE WRITING OF EACH EXPERT A
SYSTEM OF HIS OWN. BASED ON PITMAN. BUT PECULIAR TO THE
WRITER AND ABSOLUTELY UNDECIPHERABLE BY ANY ONE
£ As a matter of my own knowledge I know that Spencerian Chartier
shorthand can be learned with one-fifth the study required for Pitman;
it can be written faster than Pitman--it makes fewer strokes in writing
any given matter-and it can be read with an ease never claimed for Pit
man. In fact, people knowing the system, correspond in it and read eash
other's writng as though it were longhand or Roman print.
The name and title of this corporation
shall be the "SOUTHERN FILM EX
CHANGE," and by that cororrate name it
shall have and enjoy succession for a period
of ninety-nine (99) years: It shall have the
power to contract, sue and be sued; to make
and use a corporate meal; to Issue bonds ; to
borrow and lend money secured by mortgage
t or otherwise ; to have and employ such man
agers, dlrectors, cceers, agents and other
employees as the interests of the said ' or
* poratlon may require: to make and esab
Ish such by-laws, rules and regulations for
the management and control of the afailrs
of said corporation as may be necessary, and
to have and possess all the powers granted
by the laws of this state to do all things
necessary and proper to carry out the ob
jects and purposes for which this corpora
tion is organised.
The domicile of this corporation shall be
in the City of New Orleans, and all cltations
and other legal process shall be served on
the presldedi, or, ln his absence, on the
vice-president, and, in the absence of both,
on the secretary-treasurer.
The objects and purposes for which this
) eorporation is formed, and the nature of
r the businesn to be carried on by it are hers
by declared to be: to manufacture, pur
chase, sell, lese, and to deal generally in
s all kinds of flms and picture machlms for
the exhibition or reproduction of moving
pictures on screens or bthberwis for its own
account or as agents for others, in the State
of Louisiana and elsewhere; to build, pur
chase, own, lease and operate theatr4 for
the exhibition or reproduetion of m6uvng
I pictures on screens or otherwise; to buy
- and sell, as well as lease, patents and pat
Ieat rights in connection with the objects
and purposes for which this corporation is
formed; and in general to do all things
Snecesary, incldental and proper to carry
a out the objects and purposes of said cor
The capital stock of this corporation is
fixed at the sum of ten thousand dollars
($10,000.00). to be dilded into and repre
sented by one hundred (100) shares of the
per value of one handrsd dollars ($100.w,
Seach; and said stock shall be paid for In
a or Its euvait, as cajled for by the
This corporation shall commence dolng
business and become a going concern as
soon as three thousand dolHars ($3.0m).4n ,,
of Its capital stock shall have been sub
seribed to. No sale or transfer of stock
shall be valid or blnding on this corporation
unless made on the books of the corpora
Should any stockholder deeire to sell his
stock he shall first offer the same to the
stockholders of this corporation through
Its Board of Director., and any stockholder
shall have the right to purchase the same
at its book value, at the time of offering, or
within seventy-two (72) hours thereafter;
but upon the falluae of the stockholders to
purchase said stocK within that time such
stock may be sold to any one desiring to
No stockholder shall ever be held liable for
the contracts, debts or faults of said cor
poration. aor shall any mere Informality Ina
t orgalsation have the effect of render
lag this charter null, or of exposing any
steckholder to any liability beyond the un
paid balance due on the stock owned by him.
The corporate powers of this company
shall be vested In and exercised by a Board
of Directors of three (3) directors, each of
whom shall own at least one (1) share of
stock In his own name, a majority of the
board shall constitute a quorum to transact
business. They shall elect from their num
her a president, a vice-president, and a sec
The directors shall be elected annually,
by ballot, by the stockholders, at the ogce
of the company, on the third Thursday of
May of each year, beginning with the year
1912. Each stockholder shall be entitled,
either In person or by proxy, to one vote
for every share of stock held ly him, and
said election shall be held under such rules
as may be prescribed by the Board of DI
rectors, and a majority of the votes cast at
such meeting shall elect. Henry W. Lamb,
John Albion Saxton and Sylvester Pierce
Walmsley, Jr., are declared to be the first
Board of Directors of said corporation to
serve until the third Thursday of May. 1912,
or until their successors shall have been
elected and qualifed, with Henry W. Lamb,
as president, John Albion Barton, as vice
president, and Sylvester Pierce Walmsley,
Jr., as secretary-treasurer.
Any vacancies occurring on said board
shall be filled by the remaining directors for
the unexpired term from among the stock
holders; and directors may vote by proxy
or In persou.
-The Board of Directors shall make and
establish, as well as alter and amend, any
had all by-laws, rules and regulations for
the government of said corporation ; and
4th i g ,t t . r t h 1 , 1 ' I I A
I1 I'\ ., VALI. ' \'t
S dC.t teno , thi!.i ttn
(t n , Tgel to ,,.lol r rll
1 .t, ,.t.r t IIth, ,al,* ..tn t
t w.at the,:
Um rtZl. .a'r , Iu m 'eh
ATTRACT THOUSANDS TO
Tickets on Sale Daily, June 1 to
Sept. 30 1911. Limit, October
June 5 and 6, June Daly1 to 22 nd
June 27 to July 5, 1911. Return
Limit Sept. 15, 1911.
TWO TRAINS DAILY VIA
Also Very Low Summer rates to
COLORADO and YELLOW.
STONE NATIONAL PARK.
Excellent Service Afforded by
the Southern Pacific and Con.
nections. For full particulars,
Call on or write
CITY TICKET AGENT,
225-227 St. Charles Street, New
Orleans. Phone Main 4017.
Beautifully Illustrated Lltera
ture furnlshed on Request
SEvery Sunday I will have for sale
Harris' Pure Ice Cream.
Allx and Bermuda 8ts.
authority Is griven the maid board to do and
perform, and to embody In much by-laws
rules and regulatlons all the rights a
powers granted to such corporations by
the laws of this state, and not repulnant to
these articles of incorporatlon.
This charter may be modlfled ebansed "r
altered, or maid corporation may be dis
solved with thelusent of trf-ortmhs (-4)
of the stock represented at a genel meet.
log or the stoclholders called for that pur
o,,after ten days' previous notice sall
are been given to each stockholder mailled
to his lst known residentce as It appearo
Whenever this corporation may be d
solved, either by limitation or by aly ottbe
cause, its alsirs lshll be lIquidated by three
(3) stooakholders who shall be appolnted uas
commissloners of liquidation at a general
meting of the stockholders to be eonvened
for snch purpose fter ten days' previous
each stolkbolder and mIalled to his last
known place of residence as it appee onr
the books of the company; sid commis
sioner shall remai in olce until after the
atairs of the corporation shall have been
tully settled sad lquidated. In case ef
death of one or more ot said commlssloesr,
the vacancy shall be filled by the survivingl
Thus done and puosed, at my oee, Ia
this city, the day, month and year first
above written, In the presence of Mesieters
Josepb M. (Gore, Jr., and Amhrose O. La.
P'ice, competent witnesses, reldidng a tblh
city, who have hereunto signed their names
with appearers and me, notary, after due
reading of the whole.
Orllnal signed: II. W. Lamb, 45 sharesm;
Jobhn Alblon Saxton, one share; 8. 'P. Walm
ley, Jr., one share.
Wltnesses: A. (;. lal'lcr and J. M. Gore,
Jr. HIENRY L SARI'Y, Not. Pub.
I, the undersigned Recorder of Mortgages
in ani for the Parish of Orleans. State of
Loulsiana, do hereby certify that the above
and foregoing act of incorporation of the
"Southern Film Exchange" has been thle
day duly recorded in my omce, in mortgalge
book 1018. folio -.
New Orleans, IA.. Ma 12 1911.
(Signed) HMILE AbONAItI, D. Ri
I, the undersigned Notary. do hereby cer
tify that the shabove and foregolng Is a true
and correct copy of the ori~lnal art of Is.
corporatlon of the 'Southrn Film IEx
change" of record In my olf.,e.
In faith whereof,. I haver hrellnto set myJ
handnd d have aflledt the Impress of my o
clal seal. on thiL twelfth (I1th) day of the
month of May, A. A . 1911.
HENRY I, BARPY, Not. Pub.
May 25 June 1 8 15 22 29 1911