Newspaper Page Text
Pitnan-Spencerian Chartier By J. M. REASER, Prin. Com'l Department . ,e . n r 'ltm nnv . ,,, ,! e ,,, .. . - -joNG the ft remost novelist of the World and time was Charles Dickens. a parliamentary shorthand reporter. He studied and seed a s' ,tem to which I am going to devote reverential atten tion. ike Robert iF'r:ton's steamboat it was the first system-at least the English 'preaking race. f only dir, 'tnce is that Fulton's achievement is unquestionably iuaeaitor of our mighty ocean greyhounds, our battleships our s. Fulton's craft grew. The parent Pitman did not. It re sa approah to the subject entirely different from that for the of which Sir Isaac was knighted, to attain a result whose simpll ,eas legibill'y and reading power destines it to rule the world-the ANCRIAN ('i A.RTIER System o Shorthand. Remember those words -MAN APPROA"'II TO THE SUBJECT ENTIRELY DIFFERENT." i~rid CopiPerfleld (which is, most of the time, simply a character by Dickens ',or his own autobiography) thus describes the trials and is of thi, weary and heart-rending time he had in learning Pit to prepare himnself to report Parliament-AND THERE IS NOT A WHO ATTAINS THIS PROFICIENCY IN PITMAN WHO WILL yIL YOt THIAT HIS TRIALS HAVE BEEN JUST AS GREAT H E TIME i!E HAS TAKEN AR LONG. NI bought an i;proved scheme of the noble art and MYSTERY of S ly, whirh cost me ten and sixpence, and plunged into a sea of that I.- ought me, in a few weeks, to the confines of distrao The changes that were rung upon dots, which, in such position, rich a thing, and in such another position something else entirely the wonderful vagaries that were played by circles; the unac consequences that resulted from marks like flies' legs; the tre effects of a curve in a wrong place, not only troubled my waking but reappeared before in my sleep. When I had groped my way through these difficulties, and had mastered the alphabet. which - Jgyptian temple in itself, there appeared a procession of new called arbitrary characters-thbe most despotico characters I have oew. When I had fixed these wretches in my mind, I found that l-d driven everything else out of it; then, beginning again. I forgot l' while I was picking them up. I dropped the other fragments of the short, it was almost heart-breaking." Ths is Charles Dickens' own account of his struggles with what may NUl! the parent system of all shorthand now in vogue. E is a vivid and true picture n the struggles of the best and bright l-r who undertake, with this medium, to report so exacting and a kind of work as debates and speeches-with this exception: NEVER LEARN PITMAN, IN SPITE OF EFFORT. OTHERS ACQUIRE A FAMILIARITY WITH WHAT THEY WRITE Al TO ENABLE THEM TO TRANSCRIBE IT ACCURATELY AND y. O EXAMINE WHY THIS IS SO-TO LAY BEFORE YOU WHY IT 10 WITH THE WONDERFUL SPENCERIAN CHARTIER BYS. U THE AIM OF THESE COMPARATIVE ANALYSES. :Sr Isaac Pitman was born in 1813. 0 As was a scholarly thinker. :.4 1837 he published what he called "Stenographic 8oundhand." he system, the invention of a trained, logical and well-ordered In resects those intellectual qualities. Tea esa trace the mental process by which Sir Isaac devised the al which once ruled the stenographic world. Isaac, a graduate of the British Normal College. fell back on the useful circle; the angle or slant of straight lines, and finally sno n composing an alphabet, itself easily remembered, but, used as d system, presenting difficulties it requires months sad years so thoroughly as to be able to take testimony, speeches, etc., la some instances, a heavy percentage, this mastery is never look into this, first tracing the steps of Bir Isaa's pioneer Isd then analyse why this system, having no reference to English -9 the ingrained habit of the mind by which people spell aad longhand, requires so much study and work of the stndest at it e can master It. nas took a circle and eat it up into as many parts ao weuld ea et use the segments or ares as symbols for consonant sounds aafusion. This is indicated by the points checked off in the Turn we to Figure 1 jure r. _ sgure2 * -J) =z 4-c=/ =cK*/ f = 1 : ^ 7ftLý G oV RTER MIXUR COMPANY." OF AMERICA, STATE A. l'ARSII OF OR OF NEW ORLEAN8. at on this first day of the I the year one thousand eleven, before me, Robert puble, duly commissioned ml for the parish of Or as, aforesaid, therela nee of the witness and undersigaed, per appeared the persoes hereunto subscribed, who lag themselves of the wa of this state relative of corporations, they and agreed, and do by emvenant and agree, bind, themselves, as well as as may hereafter join or with them Into a corpo pelntic In law, for the ob. and under the agree following, to-wit : CLE I. le of this corporation -MIXER COMIANY." It shall have and en advantages and prlvi w to corporations; It of ninety-nlne years shall have power to coa e sued In Its corporate end use a corporate seal, break or alter at pleas relrve, purchase, convey. te or pledge property, t altged: to issue bond oblgation~: to have and directors and other trest and convenience . ay require or demand; tsh such by-laws, rules ts the corporate maage trol and afairs of the _Y> be deemed necessary CLIE IT. mid corporation shall be Orleans. state of Loulsl s and other legal pro on the president, and Ina Svlce-president of this a of the absence or In t mid oaerus, then said on the secretary. ILt ýnrposea for whih hi corporation is organised, and the nature of the business to be carried on by It are here by declared to be: to manufacture, sell, deal n, erect and operate the "Craig Mixer Me chie;"' to construct or erect, or to contract for the construction or erection of the said "Craig -Mixer Machine," and generally, to do and engage in any other business, under taking or enterprise connected with, grow ing out of, germane or incidental to any of the objects and purposes herelnabove set forth or contemplated by this charter. ARTICLE IV. The capital stock of this corporation is hereby ixed at the sum of ten thousand (10,000.00) dollars, divided into one hun d (100) shares of the par value of one hundred ($100.00) dollars, each, which shall be paid for la cash, or may be issued at not less than per for services rendered to or property actually purchased by this corpo All shares of stock shall be full paid and non-assessable. No transfer of stock shall be binding upon the corporation unless made upon its books. ARTICLE V. All the corporate powers of this company shall be vested in and the management and control of its safire shall be kxercised by a board of directors, composed of stockhold ers, a majority of whom shall constttute a quorum for the transaction of all business. The directors shall be elected annually by ballot of the stockholders on the second Tuesday of June of each year. Each stock holder shall be entitled, In person or by' written proxy, to one vote for every share u of stock standlng in his name on the books of the company, and all elections shall be l held under such rules and regulations asu may he determined by the board of directors, but, after ten days' notice shall have been give to each stockholder by mail addresed n o his last knaow address, or by publea-c tio is one of the do ly nglish newspapers forten days precedlin such elo tion. The directors tus elected shall continue In otce I for one year or until their successors shall have been duly elected and ualled. No a falure to elect shall be rear as for felture of this charter. -Any vaean oc cýsrrig oe said board shall be lled by the l),atg directors for the unexpired term. Said board of director shall at ts first I eeting after its election, elect a presdent, I a vice-prsdet, a secretary and a treas I uer. It ma eombne the two last men. tlened ese Into ans, and even eleet a secretary who be director nor stockholder. bear have the right to apploint and disa e sac ulsesb, managers and other emaplopes et the esspo. ratries. insLeul the seeetary who is net a steokhesd or dsr . and J.o ure - tably rords and P circle of Figure 1 marked with numerals from 1 to I. Segment. are or SA curve 1-7, he called "'; curve, 2-8 "th"; curve, 4-6, "s"; curve, 6-7, ILL "sh": ourve, 1-3, "1"; curve. 3-5, "r". Having thus obtained six con EAT sonant signs or symbols, he doubles the use of five of these by writing them heavy and thus giving symbols for the heavy sounds of these five r of consonant signs. Thus the sign for "f," written heavy, becomes "v"; Sof "th" (as in "myth") becomes, written heavy, "th" (as in "with"); "s" trao- becomes "s"; "" tois written upward or downward, the usefulness of tion, this segment of the circle is single; "r" written heavy becomes the vowel irely sound, "y"! "M" and "n" are the top and bottom of the circle. ac- SIR ISAAC WAS STILL SHORT AT LEAST EIGHT CONSONANT 0tr BOUNDS. and he proceeded to use all possible unconfusable radii of the king circle for these missing consonants: Radius, 2-c, he called "p"; 3-c, "t"; ay 4-c. "ch"; 1-c, "k." Observe, please, that there is not a single other seg hich meat of the circle or ralius thereof which can be used without imminent new and even hopeless danger or confusion, but he had now all necessary have CONSONANT SOUNDS and the EMBRYO of a system. HOPELESSLY that NONFLUENT, and DESTINED ABSOLUTELY to require, for the reason rrgot of its CUMBERSOMENESS. a vast distionary of word-signs. I the HE HAD NOT YET A SINGLE VOWEL SIGN. Of these---in the writing of English. these vowel signs are absolutely Imperative, at least: may ah, eh, ee, aw, oh, oo, and (short) a, e, i. (short) o, a, oo. The device by which Sir Isaac attained their expression is hopelessly Ight- defective. as will be shown. He made position the expression of the vowel, and calling above the line, on the line anri below the line the three positions. Ion: "Ah," for instance, is indicated by a heavy dot above the line. That ERS heavy dot on the line or in the middle of the stroke or letter becomes LITH "eh" and in the last place, "ee." Written light, It becomes the short AND sound of the same vowels. Taking a short dash- and writing it heavy in these three positions, he furnished his system the second series of long r IT or heavy vowel sounds. "aw," "oh,' "oo"; and, writing them light, the BYS. second series of short vowel signs. "o," "n," "oo" (short). The dip thongs are arbitrary characters, as are "I," "u." That is the alphabet of the system for the invention of which Queen Victoria conferred upon Sir Isaase the great honor of knighthood! With these signs anything can be written. In some sort of a fashion, but be t Is- fore a man can take testimony or speeches running from 125 to 200 words a minute, or twice as fast as a clock ticks, he has to acquire a Sal. skill, to so make this system a part of him, to so WRITE SOUND (ab stractly) that the apparent simplicity vanishes and he finds that he is the against practically the problem whleh kept the immortal Dickens sleep se- less, hewing down forest after fores of difficulties even in his dreams. d as This article proposes to discuss this matter to a finality-to show ears the relative merits of the Spencerian Chartler and Pitman. ete., It is not doing so in a spirit of cavil ever It believes in the sublime dignity of the 114-foot craft of Fulton, which made Its way laboriously up the Hudson at five miles an hour. eer But it Is certain if the restless progressiveness and energy of man had rlsh bee contesnt with It and declared It the finest possible boat that human and glenis could build, he would not today be crossing the ocean in a little ,t It over four days on mighty leviathans which are practically safe agalinst all storm and which breast the fiercest of them without a perceptible e. decrease in speedI ads This is the age of progres. the Progress s s mpossible if we cling with blinded eyes to opinions which we have accepted for their age and by reason of no thought which we oar selves have spent. Progress is possible only as a result of nvestigation--and investiga tton is the child of freedom from bias, freedom from accepted convention alities. Fogyism has no place in America. With all honor to the great intellect of the student who has in spite of all the criticism to which his system is open, made it possible for men to transcribe thought with the swiftness with which it glides from the tongue. THIS ARTICLE ASKS THAT YOU INVESTIGATE WHAT IT IS SEEKING TO PUT BEPORE YOU WITH ALL DEFERENCE AND HU MILITY, BUT WITH A CONVICTION THAT EVERY CLAIM AND AR GUMENT ADVANCED IS SANE, SOUND, TRUE--WORTHY OF YOUR ATTENTION. INASMUCH AS THE DAY IS FAST ARRIVING WHEN EVERY CHILD IN THE THIRD READER WILL BE LEARNING SHORTHAND (SPUNCERIAN ORARTIER SHORTHAND) WITH AN EASE AND READINESS IMPOSSIBLE IN ANY OTHB SYSTEBM. THE GREAT PITMAN'S DIFFICULTIES Before we So any further in this analysis, and while you have the al phabet of the Pitman system fresh before you. let me give you another plate in order that we may make plainer our talk. I pick this plate at random. It is a Pitman transcript of an utter ance of the great showman, P. T. Barnum, and here is what he said, writ ten In longhand: "As far as businaeas is concerned, I have a particular hobby. My erase is that every young person, of both sexes, should learn at least shorthand and typewriting. Here you have mental discipline and knowl edge together, knowledge, too, that is almost certain at some time to be convenient and practically available. I cannot conceive that one who I knows these two branches thoroughly will ever need to go hungry in the I present generation, for they have a constantly widening use." Know Pitman thoroughly! Truly P. T. is a humorist. P. T. was I either Inorant of his subject or joking. How many there be of these craftsmen in this city of almost 400,0001 souels? Count them over-those who really answer P. T.'s description. You or anyone with the slightest sort of memory can learn that alphabet which has just been giveu and which, with endless use and practice, can emablo one to do that speedily, but try, knowing this alphabet, to take a ARTICLE VI. No stockholder shall ever be held liable or responsible for the contracts, faults or debts of msaid corporation, nor shall any mere informality in Its organization have the effect of rendering this charter null, or of exposing a stockbolder to any liability be yond the unpaid balance due on the shares owned by bhim. ARTICLE VII. This act of incorporation may be changed, modided or altered, or this corporation may be dissolved with the assent of the stock. holders owning a majority of all the cor po ration, at a general meeting convened for that purpose, and after at least ten days' notice shall have been given to each stock-I holder in the manner and form as provided In Article V of this charter. In case of the i dissolution of this corporation, either by I the expiration of its charter, or otherwise, i the stockholders shall elect three liquidators a from among their number, to liquidate and a settle the business and affairs of the com pany. In case of the death or disability of any one of maid commissioners or liquida- a tors, the survivors, or the remaining Hqu- l dators shall appoint a successor to him. 1 ARTICL( VII. Until the election to be held in June, 1912. the foil lwiag stockholders shall con stitute the first board of directors, via: Jules M. Wogan, president: James A. Craig, vice-president: John A. Wogan, secretary, and Gilbert Hattier, treasurer. Thus done and passed at my oice in the city of New Orleans, on the day, month and year herein first above written, In the presence of Theodore A. Beck and Anthony Troyani, both of this city, competent wit-I nesses, who have hereunto signed their names with the said appearers and me, c notary, after due reading of the whole. (Original signed) : Jules M. Woan,. 25 shares; James A. Craig. 2 shares: - Joo. A. Wqoan, 2 shares; Gilbert Hattier, 25 , shares. (Witnesses): T. A. Beck, Ant. TroyaL bonam Laoann, Net. Pub. I, the undetinlned recorder of mortgages r for the parlsh of Orleans and state of Lou Islans, t0 hereby certify that the above and I foregoing charter of the "Crani Mixer Com pny" was this day duly recorded Ia my eaoe In bsek IM1, bIllo -. N. O., aT., Augt 1, 1911. (signed) gurs Lsowa, Dy. t. A trw spy rm thedrlhai .et: I h Iotse , Net. Prb.I ngil 1l2431_s@T MIW CHARTER THE J. J. GARVEY COMPANY. STATE OF LOUISIANA, PARISH OF OR LEANS, CITY )F NEW ORLEANS. Be It Known, That on this twenty fourth day of July, In the year one titon sand nine hundred and eleven, before me, Willam Waller Young, a notary public In and for the Parish of Orleans, State of Louislana, duly commissioned and qualified, and in the presence of the witnesses here Inafter named and undersigned, personally came and appeared the persons whose names are hereunto subscrlbed, all above the full age of majority and residents of this city, who declared that availing them selves of the provisions of the constitution and laws of this State relSaive to the for mation of corporations, they do by these presents form themselves, as well as their associates and successors, into and con stitute a corporr.tion, body and politic in law, for the purposes and objects and un der the stipulations as hrelnafter set forth, which they herebpy adopt as their charter, to wit: ARTICLE I. The name, style and title of this cor poration shall be "The J. J. Garvey Comn pany," Its domicile shall be in the city of New Orleans, State of Louisiana, and it shall have and enjoy succession by Its cor porate name for a period of ninety-nine years from this date. The president, or in the event of his absence the secretary treasurer, Is hereby designated as the offI cer upon whom citation, or legal process. shall be served. This corporation shall have power and authority to hold, receive, purchase, con vey, mortgage, hire and lease property, both real and personal, sue and be send, make and u*. a corporate seal, name and appoint such officers as Its interest may require, and it shall have all the rights, powers, advan tage and Immunlties grant ed by law to corpratomn. ARTICL IL The objects and rpess fr which this corporation Is and the nature of the busness to cbe arried on by It, are seby declared to be: Mansheetere ofI suar, Iwetes and ensters of ese&e, and dktdbtskes o melmse, and su eth speaker at 150 words per minute, and see how thoroughly you realim know it. See if you don't find your penci with the same sort of fits that af flicted that of the great Dickens. JOKER BARUM'S WORDS IN SHORTHAND r(\ _2_ ' j The above is the plate showing the transcript in shorthand of Bar f num s point of view of shorthand. It is probably written by a man a ho I answers Barnum's description, full of word-signs, correctly used-- a pr fect specimen. First, let us call your attention to the fact that the vowel-signs are entirely eliminated-and believe me when you are taking a speech, you have no time for vowel-signs with Plitman shorthand. TIlE HEASON WHY IT TAKES YOU SO MI'CII PRACTICE TO MAKE TIllS SYS'TEMI t VALUABLE TO YOU IS THAT YOUR EYE. YOUR INSTINCT MIST HEt TRAINED SO THAT YOUR EYES AILMOST SUPPLY THIE INVISIII.HE AND NON-EXISTING VOWEI.LS. In Fpst writing you are forced to dro;, the vowels. We set forth here one proposition of shorthand which deti' s refutation. It is elemental:-The reading power of any system is based on the, percentage of vowel sounds you can indicate. Here is a another truism: ITS SPEED IS BASED ON THIE SI'EEIº WITH WHICH YOU CAN DO THIS. From these two axioms it is impossible to get away. Now, in this light-so clear and self-evident--let us get at the tran script of what Joker Barnum says, as transcribed in the Pitman system. Notice, please, that the very first three words are written as a word sign-the very first three words. These first three words are "as far as.' and the Pitman system writes them 'sfrs"! There is not a hint of a vowel sound anywhere. In the position! Why should "as" be written in the first position and in the last position, and each time spell "as"? The accuracy of geometry is sadly deserted in this: "Fr," "far." Is there any possible reason, conceding for the sake of argument that the "fr" Is in the first position, why this should not be "far." "afar," and since there is mere position visible, why it should not be "offer?" It is, however. "far" to the trained eye in Pitman, for the reason that that house there is a house to your familiar vision. In "business." position pretty well indicates the word. You have "bs" and "ns." and require no flight of Imagination to make it out. "Pn" is conventionally In the second position, making it literally and meaninglessly "open" with the "o" long, as in "mode" or "pone" (same long o) or "pain" (long a), or "pen" (short e), etc. In short, the "pn" In the second position spells "upon", because it is con ventionally so accepted. "Concerned" has a little bit of dot before the in itial circle-a for "con." an "r" cut half its length, thus adding "d and a little "n"-hook-still the "d," created by the shortening of the "r" is read after the "n"-hook. Here, then, are the consonant signs guiding the experienced eye in reading "concerned"-"consrnd." "I" is the "tick" on top of the "v," and "v" is a word-sign for "have." "Iv," in other words, is "I have." "A" is the dot in the first position. "Particular" is "p" shortened to half length to show that there is a "t" or "d" sound somewhere concealed about its person, and the "p" Is begun with an "r"- - hook, although the "r" is read after the "p." Literally, we have "rpt tor d)" spelling "particular." Another word-sign: "lib" (vowel sounds to be guessed) "hobby." In a sentence of eleven words, thus, we have seven word-signs. What now is really a word-sign? It is something that has to ne learned and stored away in the memory. When the first eleven words of the man who says that his hobby is that every young person should learn shorthand "thoroughly," are found to contain seven words that have absolutely to be remembered, it is to be seen at a glance that he is either ignorant of what he is talking about, or has a large and expansive sense of humor. This system cannot be taken on and carried as a side line. One who learns it has to dedicate himself to it as did Dickens. An other thing, this system cannot be mastered and allowed to rust. Speed, accuracy, a working order of the possession is maintained by constant practice and that alone. There are sixty-eight words in the rest of what P. T. Barnum here said. There are over forty word-signs in this number. Capacious mem ory at this gait, don't you think, to know this language of lines and arcs and circles thoroughly-a big word-sign store-house necessary; and you cannot pause, you know, when you are writing 150 words a minute to re call how "I have been." "as far as" "that" "particular," etc., are writ ten. Pitman is almost impossible with night students. It is strange, almost remarkable, that an analytical genius such as must have been the mind that invented and evolved Pitman system did not reflect that the two greatest impediments in his system were inflict ed unabated on all the men and women who studied and the compara tively few who mastered his system: A lack of vowel power. A diminution of speed prportioned to the number of vowel signs used. Net result-an absolute necessity of an enormous dictionary of word signs. A difficulty of mastery increased by every word-sign. A MULTIPLICATION, IN THE CASE OF EXPERTS, OF WORD SIGNS O8 GREAT AS TO MAKE THE WRITING OF EACH EXPERT A SYSTEM OF HIS OWN, BASED ON PITMAN. BUT PECULIAR TO THE WRITER AND ABSOLUTELY UNDECIPHERABLE BY ANY ONE ELSE. " As a matter of my own knowledge I know that Spencerian Chartler shorthand can be learned with one-fifth the study required for Pitman; it can be written faster than Pitman--it makes fewer strokes in writing any given matter-and it can be read with an ease never claimed for Pit man. In fact, people knowing the system, correspond in it and read eat other's writing as though it were longhand or Roman print. er mercantile or commercial business said corporation desires to embark. ARTICI¶ III. The capital stock of this corporation is hereby fixed at the sum of ten thousand ($10,000.00) dollars, divided into and rep resented by one hundred (100) shares of the par value of one hundred ($100.00) dollars each, which shall be paid for in cash at the time of subscription. This corporation shall commence busl ness so soon as three thousand ($3,000.00) dollars of its capital stock shall have been subscribed for. ARTICLE IV. The corporate powers of this company, and the full management of its a ralrs, shall be vested in and exercised by a board of directors, composed of three stockhold ers, two of whom shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of all business. Elections for directors by the stockhold ers shall be held annually, on the first Tuesday of June, of each year, at the of fcle of the company, under the supervision of two commissioners, to be appointed by the president, said elections to be held un der such other rules as may be provided by the board. All elections shall be by ballot, and a ~ajority of votes cast shall elect, and each share of stock shall be entitled to one vote, either In person or by proxy. Each board shall at its first meeting aft er Its election, elect out of its own num ber a president, vice president and a secre tary-treasurer, who shall hold offlce un til their successors are elected. Any va cancy occurring In said board shall be filled by the remaining directors for the unex pired term. The first board of directors shall con sist of John James Garvey, Eugene B. lay man and Bernard E. Hyman, with the said John James Garvey as president, Eugene B. Ilyman vice president and said Bernard E. Hlyman as secretary-treasurer, who shall hold office until the first Tuesday in June. 1912. or until their successors are elected and qualified. ARTICLE V. This act of incorporation may be changed or amended, or this corporation dissolved with the assent of the stockhold ers owning three-fourths of the stock of the corporation, represeted at a general meeting convened kor that putrpos after ssixc thereef gve as hereinarter set forth. In the event of the liquidation or disstlati of this cerpesatIsa, the stock holders shall elect two liquldators from among their number at a meeting convened for that purpose after ten days' written notice, sent to each stockholder by mail to his last known address; said commis sioners shall have authority to wind up the business and affairs of this company. In case of death of either of said liquidat ors, the survivor shall appoint a stockhold er as successor to him. This act shall also serve as the original subscription list. Thus done and passed in my notarial of flee at the city of New Orleans aforesaid, in the presence of T. Joseph Dobbins and Walter R. Hamlin, competent witnesses, of lawful age, and residing In this city, who hereunto subscribe their names, together with said parties and me, notary, on the day and date set forth in the caption hereof. (Original signed) NAMES OF SUBSCRIBD RS. T. J. DOBBINS. W. B. HAMLIN. W. W. YOUNG, Notary Publec. I, the undersigned recorder of mort gages in and for the Parish of Orleans. State of Louislana, do hereby certify that the above and foregoing act of Incorpora tion of "The J. J. Garvey Company" was this day duly recorded in my office, In book 1061. folio 46. New Orleans, July 25, 1911. (Signed) EiIILE LEONARD, D. R. (Seal) A true copy of the original. W. W. YOUNG. Notary Public. July 27, Aug. 3, 10, 17, 24, 31, 1911. CHARTER OF TIlE NEW IANDON IC'E CREAM MANUFACTURING COMPANY. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, STATE OF LOU)ISIANA. PARISH OF OR LEANS, CITY OF NEW ORLEANS. Be It Known, That on this nineteenth da f July, nineteen hundred and eleven. ore me, Robert E. O'Connor, a notary public, dnl commissioned and qualified, In and for the Pariah ofi Orleans, State o Loslsana, and domleillated thereIn, and In Very Low Rates ATTRACT THOLSANDS TC CaliforniA Every Summer Tickets on Sate Daily June 1 to Sept. 30, 1911. Limit. October 31, 1911. Low Rates June 5 and 6. June 11 to 22 and June 27 to July 5. 1911. Return Limit Sept. 15. 1911. TWO TRAINS DAILY VIA / Southern Pacific t Also Very Low Summer rates to COLORADO and YELLOW. STONE NATIONAL PARK. Excellent Serf- ir. Aflirdeed 1h the Southernl P';aiiic and.1 ('on nections. INr fll piarticular.s ('al! in or write CITY TICKET AGENT, 225-227 St. Charles Street. New Orleans. Phone Main 4027. Beautifully illustrated Litiera ture Furnished on Request. llh pr.'I n' ' Iof lthe itIi nI-, . h'terlinafiter rllll.il. and rin t -I ed. ti ro tilly l mei :itr |l..:lrt ll " Illllla p r ir d ll*,l n re lllo , who i5Vl.iirllly dl- :Ir I t Ita itlli i tg i hcntsi-ly,-4 elf flh i , laws of thi. ltate relailve to tht, forltltl on of iorpir.ltl illl , theiy have- formed and orgiantized,l. lind biy t-e. pre ients they do here!-'y form and organize tmliinlvea and all rI Irstis lhereat l r to il nassucitad with I heiI , I nit, tt iia . rl.ri. ilrtin for the ob juets and piurpo.,es hiialrter set forth and under itl,. follwin, tIernis and tiitliiilaions, which they IhIret adoplt i.s their chbarter, Ito wit : AltTlit i.E I. Thi' e name of this ctiorporatio n shall he the- N-,es L.ondoln Ice t'renllrn Manufacti turing Iorlillliny. d it shill ienjioy coa rporate eP Ilten-,-, fir ninety nine vy-i'r- fiim date Ilerieof. Said .corporrtio n shalll ihave all Ithe lIIsw r and a ithlrity oif icrllt rations, part;riularly to contractil, sit. andl Ie sued, takeIII anll use a: .lrporate senit, hildt , re li le iiis ri, purchase, - .nvey, lmorlgage and hIlllcheate propertlll , r eal, ipersnall and mied, erect, build, ,r leaie such build Ing ll.s aiy he, tece,l'ta-.ry. mlak all by wi-i, lln to make and ail pp-inilt Mllch offt ers andi agentsl ul miily eevil, as Ii.li Inter iIst iitand cnvent, ti-, iiiy repllir,. AlII'L'I.E II. The, doitile of ldhi clrlioration shall twe In the lily of New iIrt-ean, and all cita tions and other cllgasl pro shiall be servedt utinri the pire.sident. or in the event tof his alsnce, uitaln the vice president. ARTit'r.! I!I. This corporatin I-s organized for the pur Iiposei of cinducting it geineral buslness in the nianifaciiture anid sale of lite cream, sanildy, icnfectlone ry, allan-wallter and min eral waters-, and all artlcls iof a kindred nature, and to aicqulire and continuit the utsiniess of John andt Peter %atliUvras, con dic-te undler nalte of New Lindoin lee I renm Mainufnacturing iCompanlny. ArTIt'I.E IV. The capitall slock of this corpiratloo shltall Is three thoiusand dollars (lt00.tl.O), divided into three tuitnitred stiart's at ten dollars ($1l.t.4), each. ittock liayalile at tnit- of iulem-rilhtin. This charter to auerve as thl original siltscrtlitliin list. ARTICLE V. All the corporali- powers of this corpor ation shall be vested In, and the staire of this iorporatlin shall he conducted by, a tsard of directors tonmpiseit of three stockhlolders. eleic-rd Ity lallot on the third Wednesday of July In elchi year, commenc ing in 1:12,. at an i-lectIn of with-h ten days prevliullls notlhe shall thI given to i-ach stl,-khohler. In lierson, or by mill to his last kiiown address. The tfirst el'ttiol indelr this bcharter shall he Iheld in I1l12, intilll whichh time Ith, first Iatlirl of dlrreitrirs satiill serve. Raid tiaLrd s-intg (cimtilieti of Iti-thtr Vanorast, John Vanvioras and Frltz K. lIroiwana, with the sahl 'Peter Vamvoras a plrenlhlent and treasurer, and the salild John Vanivoras as vilce pri-sldint and secritary. ARTICiL'- VI. The lpresident of thli corporation shall have full power to hire and dlis-harge any and all officers, agents andi employee, that may be nicel\nsary, and to fix their compen sation, and nlake all purchases and fix the terms and price: also of all sales; draw all checRks, and Incuir any and all obligations that may le necissary for the counduct of this iulsiness, tlilldidng Il.h purchaae and sale of real estate, mrachlniry, live stock, and movablle property of any kind wbhatso ever. ARTICLE VII. This art oif IncorporatlIon ran only be amendetd, altered or Itruigaltil by a two thirds vote of the entire stick then sub -rritted. and at a speiall metting called for the lpurposi,. of whlch ti-n dlays previous notlvi shall tee glven In wrlting and sent by mnall to thi- last kntown adldr-ss of each stleckhlollder, or deliver-di In p-raon, andl by publllctioin three ilm' dulring said ten days. in tinlt of the daily tlitwspapers of New Ortha-nts. In the event of the dissonlulltIon of this chartt-r, the sisffairs f Ihe crrlsuralIon shall be Ilqllilar~-l- by Itie prlrisid-nt as commls sloner, n and asuch lie shall have full power lo dils.us-s if lhi. liriltirty oif the corpora tlion. and ti dI illt thlllng il ctesuary to lililidate Its affairs. Thusll d(ion anid Itisleil I' nlty office In the cityl of Nt-w a tiriiats afrsalild. In the ire-ence fii Lawrn-ti-i- 11. .Ilnnin and ti. i|+ntegtll , coin lltlt wl ittn-S,, s. lf ilawful ageP. who sign hirie-t#, ohic- hllr wiith tht partis nd Iu !i,!. nlltary, thi day -ind illati first atituVt writti-t. Iiirhlnal -int-itt I ' I -Ta R I V A l i v ~ I: 18. . . 1 *i 'i h a r ! . i . J.ll N VA'lV ilt.t. it: u-hirues. Fi. K. liti.WAN. I ,lurp. I.tWRi.tF:N-E . I.ANIN. t . t hii i itriti ,r - t ny i t I. r t 's ,t i f - li o rit -iatrii- nl aIhi l if ,r f hl e I ,nMi i f iT rl.n.fij i N -usi o i i ii -I risa i. d i, P . ..fi t fy t hitt SlIit - , sh ii i a ltitti nul lt l .is -i f j i- , orp lr i ti o ri . th i N,. I f tnll I' '.n-- M-ni'i f r i. n- l arli" h i - 1 1 1.f .I.u N .l it. - ----- ---- a t-- n-•-- '--------f -. .:i t al July 27, Aug. 3. 10, 17, "l, ,.l. 1911.