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Pitman-Spencerian Chartier J. M. REASER, Prin. Com'I Department MONO bhe foremost novelists of the !orld and time was Charles Dickens. a parliamentary shorthand reporter. He studied and used a system to which I am gotnl to devote reverential atteo tion. - ike Robert Fulton's steambot t was the trst system-t lest g the English speaking race. The only difference is that Fulton's achievement is unquestionably progenitor of our mighty ocean greyhounds, our battleships. our tasulss. Fulton's craft grew. The parent Pitman did not. It re an approach to the subject entirely different from that for the of which Sir, Isaac was knighted, to attain a result whose simpl oese, legibil:ty and reading power destines it to role the world-the IENCERIAN CHARTIER System o Shorthand. Remember those words "Al APPROACH TO THE SUBJECT ENTIRELY DIFFERENT." David Copperfield (which is, most of the time, simply a character e8 by Dickens for his own autobiography) thus describes the trials and ton of the weary and heart-rending time he had in learning Pit to prepare himself to report Parliament-AND THERE IS NOT A gUp WHO ATTAINS THIS PROFICIENCY IN PITMAN WHO WILL -o TELL YOU THAT HIS TRIALS HAVE BEEN JUST AS GREAT THE TIME HE HAS TAKEN AS LONG. "I bought an improved scheme of the noble art sand MYSTERY of bssgraphy, which cost me ton and sixpence, and plunged into a sea of - nsity that brought me, in a few weeks, to the confines of dlstrao gus. The changes that were rang upon dots, which, in such position, aust muck a thing, and in such another position something else entirely urnst; the wonderful vagaries that were played by circles; the unao gamble consequences that resulted from marks like files' legs; the tre msas- oeffects of a curve in a wrong place, not only troubled my waking bet reappeared before In my sleep. When I had groped my way through these difficulties, and had mastered the alphabet, which ns Egyptian temple in itself, there appeared a procession of new oees salled arbitrary characters--he most despotie characters I have ar kawn. When I had fixed these wretches in my mind, I found that bd driven everything else out of it; then, beginning again. I forgot S; while I was picking them up. I dropped the other fragments of the short, it was almost heart-breaking." -tte is Charles Dickens' own aOcount of his struggles with what may a~gl the parent system of all shorthand now In vogue. ' Is a vivid and true picture a the struggles of the best aad bright sb who undertake, with this medium, to report so exacting and -Sgbg a kind of work as debates and speeches-with this exception: 10o NEVER LEARN PITMAN, IN SPITE OF EFFORT. OTHERS rt rACQUIRE A FAMILIARITY WITH WHAT THEY WRITE C.Y AS TO ENABLE THEM TO TRANSCRIBM IT ACCURATELY AND Y. TO EXAMINE WHY THIS IS 80--TO LAY BEFORE YOU WHY IT g rMO SO WITH THE WONDERFUL SPENCERIAN CHARTIER SYS SM 3 THE AIM OF THESE COMPARATIVE ANALYSES. Mr Isaac Pitman was born in 1813. Ss was a scholarly thinker. In 1837 he published what he called "Stenographic Soundhand." The system, the invention of a trained, logical and well-ordered b ag, reflects those intellectual qualities. You can trace the mental procesr by which Sir Isaac devised the ai which ones ruled the stenographic world. Xr Isaac, a graduate of the British Normal Collegeo fell back ea the useful circle; the angle or slant of straight lines, and finally sue in composing an alphabet., itself easly remembered, but, used as *gsthaad system, presenting difficulties it requires months and years Iglmr so thoroughly as to be able to take testimony, speeches. te., I. In some instances, a heavy percentage, this mastery is nver st'r look into this, first tracing the steps oft ir Isaes pleaner snd thea nalyse why this system, having no refereme to Mnsh to the ingrained habit of the mind by which people spell and is leuashad, requires so mush study and work of the student et it he can master it St Isss took a sirele and It t up Into as many parts o weaN in me to use the segments or are as symbols for coasea t smtads eafelea. This is indicated by the point•s hacked of i the Tars we to igure 1 ". ( = th: h 3<* | =t: =a )= :-j Z 4-c=/1clc/uf rSm'1Z~.~ r 6n d .CHARTER SBSTAYPINaIG & DYE WORKS. 1e o eF ERWA, STATE I1A.PARISA OF Moat on this alath day of her, n the year of our nine hundred sad eleve, H.B r Jr., Notr ofýOrleans, therein t e prenece o the witnesse and undersigned, pe6e Oppeared the peroU whom o subserlibed, all above the who severally declare that, of the laws of the State L ve to the formation of have formed and opa presents do form sad or ltto sad coastitate a cor .bJeets and purpoe anad ties. hereinafter set forth which they hereby adopt as A CGLE I. this corporation shall be BTAM PING AND DID its domicile la the city of sad shall exist for aninety-ane the right to reeeive, hold, , alienate and mortgag and personal* to barrow give proper evl&es thereot; med. and geeeally to easr gadted to corporathoin b he te. ARTICLE II. ether legal processee sall pIsideat, or la the emt mr Mablitty to act, them onp t' trasurer. iM1cLE III. ml purno-e for rwuse thi gatst se te hetan at atrrie on by it ae has t dmf ýi coflict with the objects and purposes set forth. ARTICLE IV. The capital stock of this corporation Is hereby declared to be Tea Thousand 'Dol lars o$10o000.00) divided into one hondred shares of One Dollars ($100.00) eaeb, which id stock hll o e paid for in caoh or Its equlett at tse tmre of Its sub scrption. or said stock my be issued full pa nldusd non-asssable for the purchase of property, real or personal, or for servlce rendered to said corporation. Said stock shl be tanferble os the books of tbt ompany, and 0o stckbolder .hall be *1 lowed to eel stock without first ofering same to this corporation through Its Board of DI rectors, givinl them sixty (60) dts optIor In which to purcste al etol t Ifr ok value, to be scertaeed by account of stock last ta. The captal stock of this corporation may be Increased by a vote of the majority of the stock issued, iafter ten doays' prior no tice In writing thereof belnl sent to each stockhbolder at his last known domcle. ARTICLE V. All the corporat powers of this corpora tio sball be vested a Board of Directors, The first Board of Drectors of this cor ortion s llbe omposd of three stock lders, to be elcted at the fiart meeting of stockhlders aled for that pupose aft er the signing of this charter; which said Board of Directors shall old their rese tyle offices mtil the third Tuesday InIJan na . 1913, o which saido date and annoal ARTICL.. VII. dirctors by the stekolder. Oach share of stock shall he entltled to one et east by the owner. If present, or yp-h , sad thoe eaoJrIty o the votes cas shll eeet sd dLie all matters voted upon ARTICLE VL. Ye etoekholdet shluU be held _labe or re ponble for the eontrct ts fanlts or debts tsa deorftlt, nor shaell any mere I rmality Is eisatl have the ef feet of 5eeti this charter Mull, or of say stdkbslier to liabiliMties be yjr t d bhaises that may be due on hIs eiem. ARTICLE vn. ýiý' K the ýassist~edl V- i -oureJ circle of Figure 1. marked with numerals from 1 to 8. Segment ae or carve. 1-7. he called "T"; curve, 2-S. "th"; curve, 4-6. "s"; curve. 6-7. "sh": curve, 1-8, "1"; curve 3-6. "r". Having thus obtained six con sonant signs or symbols, he doubles the use of five of these by writing them heavy and thus giving symbols for the heavy sounds of these ive consonant siga Thus the sign for "f," written heavy. becomes "v"; "th" (as li ' h") becomes, written heavy, "th" (as In "with"); "G" becomes "s"; is written upward or downward, the usefulness of this segment of the qercle is single; "r" written heavy becomes the vowel sound. "y"! "M" and "n" are the top and bottom of the circle. S IR ISAAC WAS STILL SHORT AT LEAST EIGHT CONSONANT BOUNDS, and he proceeded to use all possible unconfusable radii of the circle for these missing consonants: Radius. S-c, he called "p"; 2-c. "t"; 4-c, "ch"; 1-c. "k." Observe, please, that there is not a single other seg meat of the circle or rallus thereof which can be used without Imminent and even hopeless danger or confusion, but he had now all necessary CONSONANT SOUNDS and the EMBRYO of a system. HOPELESSLY t NONFLUENT, and DESTINED ABSOLUTELY to require, for the reason t of its CUMBERSOMENESS. a vast distionary of word-signs. s HE HAD NOT YET A SINGLE VOWEL SIGN. Of these--in the writing of English. these vowel signs are absolutely imperattre, at least: rah, eh, se, aw, oh, oo, and (short) a, e, I, (short) o, a, oo. The device by which Sir Isaac attained their expression Is hopelessly defective, as will be shown. He made position the expression of the vowel. I calling above the line, on the line and below the line the three positions. "Ah," for instance, is indicated by a heavy dot above the line That Sheavy dot on the line or in the middle of the stroke or letter becomes I "eh" and in the last place, "ee." Written light, it becomes the short D sound of the same vowels. Taking a short dash and writing it heavy In these three positions, he furnished his system the second series of long I or heavy vowel sounds. "aw," "oh." "oo"; and, writing them light, the second series of short vowel signs. "o," "," "oo" (short). The dip theaog are arbitrary characters, as are '"," "a." That is the alphabet of the system for the invention of which Queen Victoria conferred upon ir Isaacs the great honor of knighthood! With these signs anything can be written, in some sort of a fashion, but be .fore a man ean take testimony or speeches running from 126 to 200 words a minute, or twice as fast as a clock ticks, he has to acquire a I- skill, to so make this system a part of him. to so WRITE BOUND (ab stractly) that the apparent simplicity vanishes and he finds that he is e against practically the problem which kept the immortal Dickens sleep . less, hewing down forest after fores of difficulties even in his dreams. a This article proposes to discuss this matter to a finality-to show a the relative merits of the Spenosrian Chartler and Pitman. It Is not doing so in a spirit of cavil r It believes is the sublime dignity of the 114-foot eraft of hltos, which made its way laboriously up the Hudson at five miles a hour. r But it is certain it the restless progressivenes and energy of man had Sbeen aontent with it and declared It the finest possible boat that human d geaas could build, he would not today be crossing the ocean in a little Sover four days on mighty leviathans which are practically safe against all ster and whlch breast the fierest of them without a perceptible SeremM aIn speeud I This is the age of progress. o Progress is impossible It we ting with blinded eyes to opinions which we have aeoepted for their age nd by reason of no thought which we eour selves have spet. ' Progress is possible enlo as a result of investgattla--and tnvltga ties is the child of freedom from blas, fredom from accepted convention atles. Fogyism bas no place to America. With all honor to the great intellect of the student who has. in spite of all the criticism to which his system is open, made it possible for men to transcribe thought with the swiftness with whioh it glides from the tongue, THIS ARTICLE ASKS THAT YOU INVESTIGATE WHAT IT IS EMMEIMG TO PUT BFWORE YOU WITH ALL DEFERENCE AND HU MILITY, BUT WITH A CONVICTION THAT EVERY CLAIM AND AR GUMENT ADVANCED I8 BANE BOUND. TRUE-WORTHY OP YOUR ATTENTION, INASMUCH AS THE DAY IB PAST ARRIVING WHEN EVERY CHILD IN THU THIRD READER WILL BU LEARNING SHORTHAND (SPENCERIAN GRARTIER SHORTHAND) WITH AN EASE AND ADINSS IMPOSSIBLE IN ANY OTr0 a SYSTEm. THE GREAT PITMAN'S DIFFICULTIES Before we go say further in this analysis, and while you have the al phabet of the Pitman system tresh before you, let me give you another platoe i order that we may make planoer our talk. I pick this plate at random. It is a Pitman treasuript of as utter anes of the great showman. P. T. Barnum, and here is what he said, writ tean i longhand: "As far as busines is Concerned. I have a particular hobby. My erase is that every young person, of both sexes, should learn at least shorthand sad typewriting. Here you have mental discipline and knowl edge together, knowledge, too, that is almost certain at some time to be convenient and practically available. I cannot conceive that one who knoews these two breanches thoroughly will ever need to go hungry in the present generation, for they have a constantly widening us." Know Pitman thoroughly! Truly P. T. Is a humorist. P. T. was either Ignorant of his subject or joking. Bow many there be of these craftsmemn in this city of almost 400.001 semits Count them oveor-thse who really answer P. T.'s description, You or anyone with the allshtest sort of memory can learn that alphabel alhh hars just been give and which, with endless use and p Jctice, c enable ean to do that speedily, but try, knowing this alphabet, to take e than thirty days' prior wrltten notlee sent to each stockholder at his last known domil In case of dissolution of this corporation, either by limitation or otherwise, its s.alrs shall be wound up and liquidated by the then existing Board of Directors. Thus done end passed, in my office in the city of New Orleans, on the day, month and year herein above written, in the presence of Helen McGrath and George ScBhmtt, com petent wtinnse who hereunto sign their names with the id appearers and me, no tn after due reading of the whole. (i d) Oliver H. Van Horn, 15 shares: W . Mae14 sares ; W. C. Marvant, 1 share ; per Wm. Magee. Witnesses: (Signed) Helen McGrath, George Scbmltt. eorge. H. BYRNES, JR., Notary Publie. I, the undersMgned, Recorder of Mortae In and for the parish of Orleans, State of Lo~ sianr , do herebfycertify that-the ove and foregoing at of incorporation of the SOUTHERRN STAMPING AND DIE WORrD was this day duly recorded in my office, in Book 1051 folio 383. New Orleans, November 9 1911. (Signed) EXLE LEONIARD, D. 3. hereby eertify the shove and foregoin to be a true and correct opy of the originalt act on Ste and of record ii my office and of the certibeate of the Recorder of Mort gaes a de thereto. Sfh whereof hereunto set my hand and seal this thirteenth day of November, 1911. WM. H. B4RNE , JR.. (Seal) Notary Public. Nov. 16, 23, 30; Dee. 7, 14, 21, '11. CHARTER OF INTIEkIOR SETTING COMPANY. STATE OF LOUISIAYA, CITY OF NEW ORLEANS. I Be t kneow That ea this eighteenth da of October, 1911, before m, rederick De al, a mtary ti persollw came and app se the whees ua e are that availng thee ives ea r theoe Ilwee this State relative to the nes of h~~~~n ~ ·J,-wkt~ - such persons as may hereafter become asse elated with them, Into a corporation for the objects and purposes and under the agree ment and stipulations following, to wit : ARTICLE I. The same of this corporation shall be the "INTIRIOR BBTTING COMPANY," and under such -ame it shall have sad enjoy orporate existence and successions for a period of ninety-nine years from the date of this act, with tall power sad for the pur poses of this business as herelaftter defned to contractr-sue and to be sued, to acquire, lease, use, bold, allemate, mortgage, pledge, or otherwise encumber any property, mo able or immovable, In or out of the State of Louisiana ; to ssue its bonds, or other evi dence of indebtedness, and to secure same by pledge, ortage or otherwise, and to purchse or o6tberwise acquire the stocks and bonds of other corpora tions; to appoint or elect such dree tors, officers m rs, agents or oth er emploses U the Interest or convenience of its belmesa may require; to meake, amend, or repeal, at pleasure, such by-laws, rules and regulations, touching the manage ment of the alairs or bousiness or the exer else of the powers of this corporation, as may be necessary or convenient, to increase or diminlsh the capital stock; to adopt a corporate seal, and the same to make, or alter at will, and generally for the purposes and objects of its busineas to exercise all rights and powers permitted by law to cor porations. II. ARTICLE II. The domicile of tais corporation shall be In the city o, New Orleans, in this State, and all citation or other egal processes shall be served upon the presidet, and to his absence the secretary-treasurer of said corporation. ARTICLE III. The objects and purposes fo whiceh this corporatlon is established and the nature of the business to be carried on by it are hereby declared to be: The operation sad conducting of general marble and stone cutting and settnlag busi ness. the baying and selling of all kinds of marble stone, and other building me terial, the construction of buioangs and other works, la whole or In part, in Lou itan and other States, se storage of stosM al kainds, and generally the doing and rling of all acts Incidental or ub s to y sad all of the objects ART1CLZ IV. SThe tl deek of this ieqratin f bnet Ae t tha IGs 49thi Tsharel Dellse to Is be assagestad IV ahns speaker at 150 words per minute, and see how thoroughly you really know it. See if you don't find your penci with the same sort of fits that af flicted that of the great Dickens. JOKER BARUM'S WORDS IN SHORTHAND 1 =ze- f( The above is the plate showing the transcript in shorthand of Bar num's point of view of shorthand. It is probably written by a man who answers Barnum's description, full of word-signs, correctly used-a per fect specimen. First, let us call your attention to the fact that the vowel-signs are entirely eliminated-and believe me when you are taking a speech, youl have no time for vowel-signs with Pitman shorthand. THE REASON WHY IT TAKES YOU SO MUCH PRACTICE TO MAKE THIS SYSTEM VALUABLE TO YOU IS THAT YOUR EYE, YOUR INSTINCT MUST 1E TRAINED SO THAT YOUR EYES ALMOST SUPPLY THE INVISIBLE AND NON-EXISTING VOWELS. In fast writing you are forced to drop,, the vo els. We set forth here one proposition of shorthand which defles refutation. It is elemental:-The reading power of any system is based on the percentage of vowel sounds you can indicate. Here is a another truism: ITS SPEED IS BASED ON THE SPEED WITH WHICH YOU CAN DO THIS. From these two axioms It is impossible to get away. Now, in this light-so clear and self-evident-let us get at the tran script of what Joker Barnum says, as transcribed in the Pitman system. Notice, please, that the very first three words are written as a word sign-the very first three words. These first three words are "as far as.' and the Pitman system writes them 'sers"! There is not a hint of a vowel sound anywhere. In the position! Why should "as" be written in the first position and in the last position, and each time spell "as"? The accuracy of geometry is sadly deserted in this: "Fr," "far." Is there any possible reason, conceding for the sake of argument that the "fr" is in the first position, why this should not be "far," "afar," and since there is mere position visible, why it should not be "offer?" It is, however, "far" to the trained eye in Pitman, for the reason that that house there is a house to your familiar vision. In "business." position pretty well indicates the word. You have "bs" and "ns.," and require no flight of Imagination to make it out. "Pn" is conventionally in the second position, making it literally and meaninglessly "open" with the "o" long, as in "mode" or "pone" (same long o) or "pain" (long al. or "pen" (short e), etc. In short, the "pn" in the second position spells "upon", because it is con ventionally so accepted. "Concerned" has a little bit of dot before the in itial circle-s for "con," an "r" cut half its length, thus adding "d and a little "n"-hook--still the "d," created by the shortening of the "r" Is read after the "n"-hook. Here, then, are the consonant signs guiding the experienced eye in reading "concerned"-"consrnd." "I" is the "tick" on top of the "v," and "v" is a word-sign for "have." "Iv," in other words, is "I have." "A" is the dot in the first position. "Particular" Is I "p" shortened to half length to show that there is a "t" or "d" sound somewhere concealed about its person, and the "p" is begun with an "r" hook, although the "r" is read after the "p." Literally, we have "rpt (or d)" spelling "particular." Another word-sight: "lib" (vowel sounds to be guessed) "hobby." In a sentence of eleven words. thus, we have seven word-signs. 6' What now is really a word-sign? It is something that has to ne learned and stored away in the memory. When the first eleven words of the man who says that his hobby is that every young person should learn shorthand "thoroughly," are found to contain seven words that have absolutely to be remembered, it is to be seen at a glance that he is either ignorant of what he is talking about, or has a large and expansive sense of humor. This system cannot be taken on and carried as a side line. One who learns it has to dedicate himself to it as did Dickens. An other thing, this system cannot be mastered and allowed to rust. Speed, acuaracy, a working order of the possession is maintained by constant practice and that alone. There are sixty-eight words in the rest of what P. T. Barnum here sail. There are over forty word-signs in this number. Capacious mem ory at this gait, don't you think, to know this language of lines and arcs Sand ireles thoroughly-a big word-sign store-house necessary; and you cannot pause, you know, when you are writing 150 words a minute to re call how "I have been," "as far as" "that" "particular," eta, are writ ten. Pitman is almost impossible with night students. It $ strange, almost remarkable, that an analytical genis suach as must have been the mind that invented and evolved Pitman system did - not reflect that the two greatest impediments in his system were Inflict s' ed unabated on all the men and women who studied and the esmpara tively few who mastered his system: A lack of vowel power. SA diminution of speed proportioned to the number a revwel signs used. y Net result-ae absolute necessity of an enormous dietiouary of word it signs. I- A difficulty of mastery increased by every word-sign. * A MULTIPLICATION, IN THE CASE OF EXPERTS, OI WORD o SIGNS 80 GREAT AS TO MAKE THE WRITING OF EACK W RPIPRT A e SYSTEM OF HIS OWN, BASED ON PITMAN, BUT PECULIAR TO THE WRITER AND ABSOLUTELY UNDhCIPHERABLE BY ANY ONE a ELSE. As a matter of my own knowledge I know that Spenrlan Chartler 0 shorthand can be learned with one-fifth the study requitred for Pltmat; . It can be written faster than PitmaW-t makes fewer strokes in writing at any given matter--and it can be read with an ease never clahmed for Pit a man. In fact, people knowing the system, correspond in it and read eael a other's writing as though it were longhand or Roma prtant of the per value of One Hundred Dollars each. whibch capital stock may be Increased by a vote of the majority of the stockhbld ers at any meetlng called for that purpose, payments or said stock shall be made In cash or equivalent. as may be prescribed by the Board of Directors, who may have pow er to Issue fulllpald stock in payment for property, real or personal, transferred to said corporation or for labor or service ren dered. No stockholder may sell, assIgn, or trans fer his stock in this corporation, unless Thirty (30) days' previous notice, n writ Ing, of such Intention to se.., assign or transfer any stock to be given to the com pan'- to such sale, assignment or transfer. and upon such notice the board of directors shall uave right to purchase the otock at its value by reference to the balance sheet of the last fiscal year. Upon failure of the board to pass resolution beiore the ex plratlon of ..-rty (30) days to purchase the stoea at its book value, said stock may be sold In open market. No stock of the company can be bought iby any pledge, except upon the above conditions, and provided the Board of Direc tors do not resolve to purchase the same at Its book value within the period named. No stock can be transferred under any con ditions unless the transfer be made upon the books of the company at its office, In the city of New Orleans, LouIsiana. This corporation shall be authorlred to commence business as soon as One Thou ssnd Dollars ($1,000.00) of the capital stock shall have been subscribed for. ARTICLE V. The corporate powers of this corporation shall be vested In and exercised by Board of Directors of three or more directors, com posed of stockholders, a majority of whom shall constitute a qaorum in the transac tion of business, which said directors shall be elected at a general meeting of the stock holders of this corporation, to be held on the Third Satlrday of Jausry In each year. beginning with the year 1912, and notice of said election shell he given by mailing to the stockholders, at their last known place of business, a call for said meeting Five (5) days previous thereto. Bad board, at its first meeting after each election, shall elect from its own members a president and secretaryy-treasurer. ailling from say cause to elect directors on the day submitted shall not dissolve the corporation, but the officers and directors then In office shall hold over until their successors shall have been duly elected and qalfled. At all elections say meetings of stock hseming, ach eteckhlds? shall be intltled isto e vate far ach share of seck sand I ag lI his nsm and may rvte is pareo or by ate. In case of the resignation or death of a director his place shall be filled as soon as practicable by calling a meeting of the di rectors to elect his successor, who must be a stockholder. The Board of Directors shall appoint such agents, employes, servants and clerks as may be necessary for conducting the bust ness of this corporation and shall fix their compensation and have the right to dismiss at pleasure. ARTICLE VI. This act of incorporation may be changed, modified or amended, and this corporation may be dissolved with the assent of two thirds of the capital stock'-represented at a general meeting of stockholders called for that purpose after a ,yve (3) days' notice in daily newspaper in the English language in the City of New Orleans, Louisiana. Any changes proposed or made with refer ence to the increase or reduction of the cap Ital stock shall be made in accordance with the laws of the State of Louisiana, with reference to the alteration of the capital stock of corporations. Notice of all stockholders' meetings, not herein or by law otherwise provided for, shall be given to each stockholder by letter addressed to his last known place of resi dence or business, and d.*posited in the mails at least five (5) days prior to the date of said meeting. In case of dissolution or terminating of this corporation, either by limitation of this charter or for any other cause, Its affalrs shall he liquidated by three (3) commission ers selected by its stockholders at a general meeting held as above set forth; and said commissioners shall remain in office until the affairs of this corporation have been fully liquidated. In case. of death or Inca pacity of one or more of said commissioners, the survivor or surviors shall continue to act until such vacancy or vacancles shall have been filled by a general meeting of the stockholders, as above set forth. ARTICLE VII. No stockholder shall be liable or respon sible for the contracts of this corporation, or its faults, in any further sum than the unpaid balance due the company op the shares of stock subscrib.d for or owned by him, nor shall any informality In organiza tion have the effect of rendering this char ter null or exposing any stockholder to any liability beyond the unpaid halance, If any, due on his stock. Thu. done and passed, at my office. in this city, the day, month ad year first above written, In the preams of Messrs. Joseph L. Dahmer and '. R.Watts, compe tent witnesses, residing in this city, who have hereunto signed their names with said aerers and me, notary, after reading of te whole. Sunset Limited New Orleans. Los ,\nge les, San Francisco via S SUNSET ROUTE Twice Weekly, Com mencing Dec. 4, 1911 I. - \" " rte. ,, " 1 ;,"-'.,- _ ,'! - , ,I· , i.. r ll n tt rn 1a, i11, for t xrlth:r ,.a rl- N; . , s rlean+. I 'lw Main 4027. TillH1 TI Ir\..\ l ity '1-\ lnlr al- .ii d l ; I ,k t. .l ,'lii ifuIlI i, l ,l . Itratid !lb r' fi nihed on re8.h i .t. . 1. \11- rty. t . A. uare . I,. L Ii.:-.. 1. the indmrign.dl. Ieorder of M; t:,sp in antfor th Ii,' ar h Iof rit u. Itate of in l for;,'I ot i t of it'jlni.Irat 'io . of the I '-T:Ill'. :ITT1.1; t'1i ll' T I. iIa" thi d iy duly reorl:.l In my offi'.., in Bo.ok I'.ll, folio :144. New 11rleanil. 44torl tt . r 111l. I Sili.ni' 1o E I .ll ei i tNAe . D. It. 1'11 4Re ImEII IEL. N,,t. 'lPub. nov l ;, 23, ,4,; Ic.14. 7, 14. 21. Then She Kissed Him. "Youo have not kissed me," she pout ed, "for fliteen minutes." "I know it." bhe said. "I have a very sensitive tooth, which is liable to ache If I do." "What do you mean, sir?' "Why, you're so sweet, you knowl" A Fit fe the Blues. It is a hard saying. but the blues" may generally be traced to one or both ef two horrid qualities-greed and lazi ness. Nine times out of ten the low spirited person is suffering from auto toxicatlon-from too much food taken into the body and too little attention paid to elimination or to proper exer cise. The human mechanism can take care of only a certain amount of food. After that point has been passed it seems to turn sullen in Its efforts to ignore what it cannot help, and, al though it is a wonderfully conducted chemical laboratory up to the limit of its own needs, it is not at all amiable about working overtime. The result Is that all superfluous products sent to it ,are permitted to lie round.and become ipolsonous. This poison is promptly taken up by the blood and carried to all parts of the body. Including the brain. The brain, which needs a plen tifutl supply of clean blood to enable it to do its thinking. Is naturally in dignaut at finding poor and impaure blood supplied to it, and, although not actually going on strike, it refuses to be either pleeasant or reasonabls. Youth's Companion. How They Did Hate Wagwne. Wagner's music was at one time vio lently opposed in England, and Ford Madox Huetffer. whose father was musical critic of the London Times, gives in his "Ancient Lights" some curious instances of the lengths to which the campaign was carried. "The compositions of Wagner were denounc ed as being athelatic, sexually im moral and tending to further soalism and the throwing of bombs. Wagner ites were threatened with assassina tion, and assaults between critics of the rival schools were things not un known in the foyer of the opera. I have In my possession three letters from three different members of the public addressmed to my father. The writers stated that unless Dr. Hueffer abstained from upholding the blas phemous musie of the futuore-and l each case the writer used the wte ed tword blasphemous-bhe would be respective. ly stabbed, ducked in a horsepond and beaten to death by hired rougha." SWonder What Tennyson Said. sIn his volume of reminiscences Pio Sfessmor E. B. Poulton writes of a visit Ito Boston, where he met several nots bles. Holmes spoke of Emerson stamping his foot with rage when he could not remember a name. lHe mentined the 1 Corbett-Mltchell prizefight, which had just taken place, and said. "I own to a lurking sympathy with prizefightlnt . perhaps because I am so unfitted fir the ring myself." He told Proftssor Poulton he would never repeit 1o any one what Tennyson sa.w to him when he entered his house. William J ames pressed him to do so with the assurance. "There are no reporters here." But Dr. Holmes replied with t emphasis: "I have said that I will nev er tell any on . It was not a thlng o that I should have supp.sed any man Swould say to a guest he had invited 1 his hma"