Newspaper Page Text
-ANA LY SIS
Pitman-Spencerian Chartier y J. M. REASER, Pn. Com'I Department
SONO the foremost moveolits of the orld and time was Charles
A Dickens. a parliamentary shorthand reporter. He studied and
ued a system to which I am goin to devote reovereatial atto
Like Robert Falton's steamboat it was the Ifrt apltem lw*t
n the English speaking race.
The only difference is that Fultoa's achievement is unquestionably
progenitor of our mighty ocean greyhounds, our battleships, our
_taistias. Fulton's craft grew. The parent Pitman did not. It r
ired an approach to the subject entirely different from that for the
iv-ng of which Sir Isaac was knighted, to attain a result whose simpl
, ease, legibility and reading power destines it to rule the world--the
ENCERIAN CHARTIER System o Shorthand. Remember those words
_ANý APPROACH TO THE SUBJECT ENTIRELY DIFFERENT."
David Copperfleld (which is, most of the time, simply a charactr
-ga by Dickens for his own autobiography) thus describes the trials and
pnelations of the weary and heart-rending time he had in learning PIt
-- to prepare himself to report Parliament--AND THERE 18 NOT A
WHO ATTAINS THIS PROFICIENCY IN PITMAN WHO WILL
MOT TELL YOU THAT HIS TRIALS HAVE BEEN JUST AS GREAT
AND THE TIME HE HAS TAKEN AR LONG.
"I bought an improved scheme of the noble art and MYSTERY of
ssBIgsphy, which cost me ten and sixpence, and plunged into a sea of
pplesuty that brought me, in a tfew weeks, to the confines of distrao
es. The changes that were rung upon dots, which, in such position,
ssat such a thing, and in suck another position something else entirely
srest; the wonderful vagaries that were played by circles; the unas
rtabe consequences that resulted from marks like flies' legs; the tr
uadefs effects of a curve in a wrong place, not only troubled my wakingt
mss, but reappeared before in my sleep. When I had groped my way
Mwaly through these difficulties, and had mastered the alphabet, which
m a Egyptian temple in Itself, there appeared a procession of new
agrees called arbitrary haractrs-he most despotic characters I have
er known. When I had fixed these wretches in my mind, I found that
he had driven everything else out of it; then, beginning agan.la, I forgot
m s; while I was picking them up. I dropped the other fragments of the
gin--a short, it was almost heart-breaking."
This is Charles Dickens' own aecount of his struggles with what may
J aesd the parent system of all shorthand now in vogue.
t is a vivid and true pioture a the struggles of the best and bright
- nds who undertake, with this medium, to report so exacting and
iagalt a kind of work as debates and speeches-with this exception:
g1DM NEVER LEARN PITMAN, IN SPITE OF EFFORT. OTHERS
NEIVER ACQUIRE A FAMILIARITY WITH WHAT THEY WRITE
RCH1 AS TO ENABLE THEM TO TRANSCRIBE IT ACCURATELY AND
TO EXAMINE WHY THIS IS 80--TO LAY BEFORE YOU WHY IT
. r0T 80 WITH THE WONDERFUL SPENCERIAN CHARTIER SYS
Kfl. IS THE AIM OF THESE COMPARATIVE ANALYSES.
SMr Isaac Pitman was born in 1113.
U gs was a scholarly thinker.
In 1837 he published what he ealled "Stenographic Sounadhaad."
The system. the invention of a trained, logical and well-ordered I*
, relects those Intellectual qualities.
Yea can trace the mental process by which Sir Isaac devised the .
bh which once ruled the stenographic world.
Sir Isaac, a graduate of the British Normal College, fell back oe the
I--_y useful circle; the angle or slant of straight lines, and finally su
"". in composing an alphabet, Itself easily remembered, but, used as
S*sathead system, presenting difficulties it requires months sad yeass
Stsstr so thoroughly as to be able to take testimony, spooelis, t,
u it. In some instance, a heavy percentage, this mastTry I a r
t's leek inate this, firet tracing the steps oft Ur saei s plaesr
k, andthl wh then analyse why this system, having no refereee to Usglish
rlarg to the ingrained habit of the mind by which people sell and
nlts i leaghand, requires se i kch study and work of the student o it
e" hbe an master It
Mr teas teek a elrole sad out It up aInto as many parts as we -
ablme to use the segments or are as symbols for eosenaut sondsn
f aMt esgafes. This is Lndlested by the points checked O In Se
Tarn we to lgure 1p
yure Ie. .rig-T
=s:') 'th. z 4-c= -/
MD1MUTMIN STAMPING & DYE
ATS OF AMEItCA, STATE
. ZOQIBLANA PARISH OF
That aon this lath day of
ber, In the year of oar
alne hundred sad eleve.m,
r " Bt Jr Notary
Parish of Orleans, I t e
the presence of the witmesses
awed and underslgaed, person
appeared the pe whose
to subscribed, all above the
who severally declare that,
ves of the laws of the State
relative to the termation of
they have formed 'ad orgas
these presents do frm e d or
into and constitute eor
the objects and rposes and
tions hereinafter set forth
whleh they hereby adeot as
of this corporation hali be
EJI ITAIMPING AND DID
With its domiclle in the dcity
mad shall exist for nnety-iane
habre the right to reeslve, held,
- ne-, , alienate and Uort Iei
nrl and persemal to borrow
e gived roper evidene theeof;
As Me(s4s4em rauy to ae r
- grated to eere tires by
r ARTICLE II.
nmd oter lesal zr ssr snh a
the preld in the event
C Inability to act, them upem
and purpose. for which this
bto arlied oe bIthe h e
of making etestrial e
g dits e sam e t aamo
confllet with the objects and purposes set
The capital stock of this corporation Is
hereby declared to be Ten Thousand Dol
lrs ($10,000.00). dided into one hundred
sharee of One handred Dollars ($100.00)
each, which Lsaid stock shall be paid for In
cash or Its eqtdvenit at the time of It subs
scrliption,. or said stock may be issued full
paid and non-asseable for the purchase of
proty, real or persoal, or for services
dere to sid corporation. Said stock
shall be transferable on the books of the
compaay, and no stockholder shall be al
lowed to eel stock withaot irst oerg same
to this orporation through its Board of 1
in which to purchase said stoket t Its hook
value, to be ascertalned by account of stock
The capital stock of this corportlon may
be Increased by a vote of the majority of
the stoek issued, after ten days' prior a
tice In wrltlng thereof belg sent to each
stockholder at his last known domicile.
All the copoeate powe of this corpora
tion shall be vsted In a Board of Directors,
composed of stockholders.
The Slt eard of Directors of this cr
er the signingp of this charter; which said
Beard d Directors shall hold their re c
tr o oflce until thee hblrd Tuesy i Ja
ry. 1913, on which said date a annual
l eft here shall be an election of
lrectors tby stockholders.
ec share of stock shall be entitled to
one vets cast by the owner, If present, or
be pro, and the mJorty of the vote east
-al elect and de all matters voted
No ptoelbolder shall be held liable or re
-easlble fer the coetracts, faults or debts
SaM corporation, nor shall any mere In
formality in its organilation have the ef
fect eo readerlag t cis eharter null, or of
et-psn my st&ektolder to Ibllite be
yond te u ld anee that may be due
en his sehas
The sact tof laeorpertme may be eaed,
medletd, or this arepeatlon may be dis
solved, with the ssnt of tw-thlrd vets1
SMWd Vnet >fWPON weet "t "Ca
toe ,.oo -.
V=, I - ou /= o0 '= .=1C LWl.
crcle of ligure 1. marked with numerals from 1 to 6. Segment. are or
curve, 1-7, he called "r'; curve. 3-,. "th"; curve, 4-6, "s"; curve, 5-7.
"sh"; ourver 1-3. "1"; curve. -5, "r". Having thus obtained six con
sonant signs or symbols, he doubles the use of five of these by writing
them heavy and thus giving symbols for the heavy sounds of these five
consonant signs. Thus the sign for "f," written heavy. becomes "v";
"th" (as In "myth") becomes, written heavy, "th" (as In "with"): "s"
becomes "s"; "1" Is written upward or downward, the usefulness of n
this segment of the circle is single; "r" written heavy becomes the vowel a
sound, "y"! "M" and "n" are the top and bottom of the circle. f
SIR IBAAC WAS STILL SHORT AT LEAST EIGHT CONSONANT
SOUNDS. and he proceeded to use all possible unoonfusable radii of the e
circle for these missing consonants: Radius, !-e, he called "p"; 3-c, "t";
4-c, "ch"; 1-c. "k." Observe, please, that there is not a single other seg- ``
ment of the circle or ralius thereof which can be used without imminent
and even hopeless danger or confusion, but he had now all necessary 1
CONSONANT SOUNDS and the EMBRYO of a system. HOPELESSLY
NONFLUENT, and DESTINED ABSOLUTELY to require, for the reason
of its CUMBERSOMENESS, a vast distlonary of word-signs. \ r
HE HAD NOT YET A BINGLE VOWEL SIGN. Of these-ln the
writing of English, :hese vowel signs are absolutely imperative, at least:
ah, eh, ee, aw, oh, oo, and (short) a, e, I, (short) o, a, oo.
The device by which Sir Isaac attained their expression is hopelessly
defective. as will be shown. He made position the expression of the vowel,
calling above the line, on the line and below the line the three positions.
"Ah." for instance, is indicated by a heavy dot above the line. That
heavy dot on the line or in the middle of the stroke or letter becomes
"eh" and in the last place. "ee." Written light, it becomes the short
sound of the same vowels. Taking a short dash and writing it heavy
in these three positions, he turnishod his system the second series of long
or heavy vowel sounds, "aw." "oh." "oo": and, writing them light, the
second series of short vowel signs, "o," "u," "o00" (short). The dip
thoeg are arbitrary charasters, as are "I," "a."
That is the alphabet of the system for the invention of which Queen p
Victoria conferred upon Sir Isaac the great honor of knighthood! With p
these signs anything can be written, In some sort of a fashion, but be
fore a man can take testimony or speeches running from 125 to 200
words a minute, or twice as fast as a clock ticks, he has to acquire a
skill, to so make this system a part of him, to so WRITE SOUND (ab
strctly) that the apparent simplicity vanishes sad he finds that he is
against practically the problem which kept the Immortal Dickens sleep
less, hewing down forest after fores of difficulties ve in his dreams.
This article proposes to discuss this matter to a finality-to show
the relative merits of the 8penesrlan Chartier and Pitman. 1
It is not doing so in a spirit of avIl.
It believes ia the sublime dignity of the 114-foot craft of Fulton.
which made Its way laboriously up the Hudson at five miles an hour.
Dut It is esrtain if the restless progressiveness and energy of man had
bees esotest with it and declared it the inest possible boat that human
genius could buld. he would not to-day be crossing the ocean in a little
over four days on mighty leviathans which are practically sate against
el storm and which breast the fiwest of them without a perceptible d
dosrem is spesd -
This is the age of prores.
hroeres is Impossible If we sting with blinded eyes to opinions which
we have ascepted for their agse and by reason of a thought which we our
selves have spet.
Progress is posesible only as a result of investigation-and investiga
lieu Is the child of fredom from bias, freedom from acepted conventiomn
slties. Pegyism has me plac in America.
With all honor to the great Intellect of the student who has in spite
Of all the criticism to which his system is ope, made It possible for men
to transcribe thought with the swiftness with which It glides from the
tongue, THIS ARTICLE ASKS THAT YOU INVIBTIOGAT WHAT IT 18 0
BsKlNGO TO PUT BEFORE YOU WITH ALL DEFERECE AND HU-~
MILITT, BUT WITH A CONVICTION THAT EVERY CLAIM AND AR- -
GUMUNT ADVANCED IS BANE, SOUND, TRUE-WORTHY OF YOUR
ATTENTION. INASMUCH AS THE DAY IB FAST ARRIVING WHEN
EVERY CHILD IN THU THIRD READER WILL BE LEARNING o
SHORTHAND (BPENCERIAN CHARTIER SHORTHAND) WITH AN
-ASH AND READINESS IMPOSSIBLW IN ANY OTHak SYSTM.
THE GREAT PITMAN'S DIFFICULTIES
Betfer we go any further in this analysis, and while you have the al- a
phabet of the Pitman system fresh before you, let me give you another a
plate In order that we may make plainer our talk. tI
I pick this plate at random. It is a Pitman transcript of an utter
amoe of the great showman, P. T. Barnum, and here is what he said, writ
ter in leaghand: 'lu
"As far as busine is concerned. I have a particular hobby. My
erase is that every young person, of both sexes, should learn at least si
shorthand and typewriting. Here you have mental discipline and knowl
edge together, knowledge, too, that is almost certain at some time to be
convenient and practically available. I cannot conceive that one who 8
knows these two branches thoroughly will ever need to go hungry in the S
present generation, for they have a constantly widening use."
Know Pitman thoroughly Truly P. T. Is a humorist. P.T. was E
either ligorat of his subject or joking.
How many there be of these craftsmen in this city of almost 400.000 1l
ai;s? Count them over-those who really answer P. T.'s description. it
Tou or anyone with the slightest sort of memory can learn that alphabet |
which has fjust boeen givesn and whioh, with endless use and practloe, csan
eoable one to do that speedily, but try, knowing this alphabet, to take a o1
than thirty days' prior written notice sent
to each stockholder at his last known domi
In case of dissolution of this corporation.
either by limitation or otherwise, its afairs
shall be wound up and liquidated by the
then existing Board of Directors.
This dee sad passed, in my ottice in the
city of New Orleans, on the day, month and
year herein above written, in the presence
of Relen McGrath and George Schmltt, com
petet wtinesses, who hereunto sign their
names with the said appearers and me, no
tary, after due readting of the whole.
(Sined) Oliver H. Van Horn, 15 shares;
Wmi. Magee 14 shares; W. C. Marvant, 1
share; per Win. Magee.
Witnesses: (Signed) Helen McGrath,
WM. H. BYiRNS, J.,.
I, the undersigned. Recorder of Mortgages
In and for the parish of Orleans, State of
Louisiana, do hereby certify that the above
and foregolg act of incorporation of the
BOUTHIRN BTAMPING AND DID WORKS
was this day duly recorded in my offiee, in
Book 1051 folio 383.
New Orleans, November 9 1911.
(Signed) XILB I IONARD, D. t.
I hereby certify the aboveabo and orego
to be a true sad correct eoy of the orlllnal
act on file and of record my offittle and
of the certlaeate of the Recorder of Mort
mas appended thereto.
In fth whereof I hereunto set my hand
and seal this thirteenth day of November,
WM. H. BTRNUS, JR.,
(Seal) Netar Pubic.
Nov. 16, 23, 30; Dec. 7, 14 21, '11.
OF INTERIOR SETTING COMPANY.
BTATE OF LOUISIANA, CITY OF NEW
Be it knows, That on this eighteenth day
of October, 1911, before me, Prederick Del
bel. a netary public personally came and
appeared the penes whose names are
herento esi ribeed who seral delared
that a llg themselves under tilaws ofe
this State relative to the eraahmtoSe of
mg ra and do by the rse n evm a
yewr sd estltato thersevs e w ae
t such persons as may hereafter become asso- of t
elated with them, into a corporation for the each
objects had purposes and under the agree- by a
ment and stipulations following, to wit: era I
ARTICLE L *ah
5 The name of this corporation shall be the er t
I "INTRRIOR 8ITTINO COMPANY" and prop
!under such name it shall have .and enjoy aid
corporate existence and successions for a dere
period of nalety-nine years from the date of N1
this acet, with full power and for the pur- fer
poses of this busines as hereinafter defined Thir
to contract, sue and to be sued, to acquire, Ing
Slease, use, bold, allenate, mortgage, pledge, tran
or otherwise encumber any property, mov- pa
able or immovable, In or out of the 8tate of aad
ouislana ; to Issue Its bonds, or other ev.- ball
dense of Indebtedness, and to secure same vain
by pldl, mortgage, or otherwise, and the
t to purchase or otherwise acquire the boar
I stocks and beads of other corpora- pira
tions; to appolat or elect such direc- the
tors, officers, managers, agents or oth- he a
r er employes as the interest or convenience N4
of Its busaless may require; to make, by
amend, or repeal, at pleasure, such by-laws, cond
rules and regnlatlas, touching the manage- tors
meat of the faires or businses or the exer- at it
else of the powers of this corporation, as No i
may be ecesmsary or convenient, to laerease ditli
I or diminish the eapital stock ; to adopt a the
corporate seal, and the same to make, or the
alter at will, and generally for the purpoee T7
I and objects of its business to exercise ail come
rights and powers permitted by law to cor- sand
The domicile of tlis corporation shall he Tt
In the city o. New Orleans, In this State, shal
and all citation or other legal processes of D
shall be served upon the president, and In p__e
his absence the seeretary-treasurer of said shal
ARTICLE IIL be e
The objects and purposes for whleh this the
corporation is established and the nature bi
of the business to be carrioe on by it are of a
hereby declared to be: the
The operation and conducting of general of b
marble and stone eautting and setting bust- day
ness. the buying and selling of all kinds g,
of marble atone, and other building ma- elecl
terial, the construction of boluings and
other works, in whole or in part, in Iou
Islasn and other States. .ae storage of on
stones of all kinds, and generally the dolng corp
and performing of all acts inlcdental or them
ecessary to any and all of the objects suac
he epr er l qral
e ARTICLE IV. A
The capital s·ack of this corporations s to a
krey haed at the ism ot Three The ad
SDeIa , tn be renssete bnd y thirty sarbss by g
speaker at 150 words per minute, and see how thoroughly you really
See if you don't find your penel with the same sort of Sts that af
flicted that of the great Dickens.
JOKER BARUM'S WORDS IN SHORTHAND
The above is the plate showing the transcript In shorthand of Bar
num's point of view of shorthand. It is probably written by a man who
answers Barnum's description, full of word-signs, correctly used-a per
First, let us call your attention to the fact that the vowel-signs are
entirely eliminated-and believe me when you are taking a speech, you
have no time for vowel-signs with Pitman shorthand. THE REASON
WHY IT TAKES YOU SO MUCH PRACTICE TO MAKE THIS SYSTEMN
VALUABLE TO YOU IS THAT YOUR EYE. YOUR INSTINCT MUST IBE
TRAINED SO THAT YOUR EYES ALMOST SUPPLY THE INVISIBLE
AND NON-EXISTING VOWELS. In r.st writing you are forced to drop
the vowels. We set forth here one proposition of shorthand which defies
It is elemental:-The reading power of any system is based on the
percentage of vowel sounds you can indicate.
Here is a another truism: ITS SPEED IS BASED ON THE SPEED
WITH WHICH YOU CAN DO TillS.
From these two axioms It is impossible to get away.
Now, in this light--so clear and self-evident-let us get at the tran
script of what Joker Barnum says, as transcribed in the Pitman systim
Notice, please, that the very first three words are written as a word
sign-the very first three words. These first three words are "as far as."
and the Pitman system writes them 'sfrs"! There is not a hint of a vowel
sound anywhere. In the position! Why should "as" be written in the first
position and in the last position, and each time spell "as"? The accuracy
of geometry is sadly deserted in this: "Fr," "far." Is there any possible
reason, conceding for the sake of argument that the "fr" is in the first
position, why this should not be "far," "afar," and since there is mere
position visible, why it should not be "offer?" It Is, however, "far" to
the trained eye in Pitman, for the reason that that house there is a house
to your familiar vision. In "business." position pretty well indicates the
word. You have "be" and "ns," and require no flight of imagination to
make it out. "Pn" is conventionally In the second position, making it
literally and meaninglessly "open" with the "o" long, as in "mode" or
"pone" (same long o) or "pain" (long a), or "ped" (short e), etc.
In short, the "pn" in the second position spells "upon", because it is con
ventionally so accepted. "Concerned" has a little bit of dot before the in
itial circle-s for "con," an "r" cut half its length, thus adding "d and a
little "n"-hook---till the "d," created by the shortening of the "r" is
read after the "n"-hook. Here, then, are the consonant signs guiding
the experienced eye in reading "concerned"-"consrnd." "I" is the
"tick" on top of the "v," and "v" is a word-sign for "have." "Iv," in other
words, is "I have." "A" is the dot In the first position. "Particular" is
"p" shortened to half length to show that there is a "t" or "d" sound
somewhere concealed about its person, and the "p" is begun with an "r"
hook, although the "r" is read after the "p." Literally, we have "rpt (or
d)" spelling "particular." Another word-signl: "Hb" (vowel sounds to
be guessed) "hobby." In a sentence of eleven words. thus, we have
What now is really a word-sign? It is something that has to nDe
learned and stored away In the memory. When the first eleven woads
of the man who says that his hobby is that every young person should
lears shorthand "thoroughly," are found to contain seven words that
have absolutely to be remembered, it is to be seen at a glance that he is
either ignorant of what he is talking about, or has a large and expansive
sense of humor. This system cannot be taken on and carried as a side
line. One who learns it has to dedicate himself to it as did Dickens. An
other thing, this system cannot be mastered and allowed to rust. Speed,
accuracy, a working order of the possession is maintained by constant
practiee and that alone. G
There are sixty-eight words in the rest of what P. T. Barnum here
said. There are over forty word-signs in this number. Capacious mem
ory at this gait, don't you think, to know this language of lines and ares
and circles thoroughly-a big word-ign store-house necessary; and you
cannot pause, you know, when you are writing 150 words a minute to re
call bow "I have been," "as far as" "that" "particular," ote., are writ
ten. Pitman is almost Impossible with night students.
It is strange, almost remarkable, that an analytical genius such as
must have been the mind that invented and evolved Pitman system did
not reflect that the two greatest impediments in his system were infliet
ed unabated on all the men and women who studied and the eompara
tively few who mastered his system:
A lack of vowel power.
A diminution of speed proportioned to the number of vowel signs
Net result--an absolute necessity of an enormous dietlimary of word
A difficulty of mastery increased by every word-sign.
A MULTIPLICATION, IN THE CASE O01 EXPERTS, OP WORD
SIGNS 80 GREAT AS TO MAKE THE WRITING OF EACH EXPERT A
SYSTEM OF HIS OWN, BASED ON PITMAN. BUT PECULIAR TO THE
WRITER AND ABSOLUTELY UNDECIPHERABLE BY ANY ONE
* As a matter of my own knowledge I knaow that 8penereian Chartier
shorthand can be learned with one-fifth the study required for Pitman;
it can be written faster than Pitman-it makes fewer strokes in writing
may given matter--and it can be read with an easer never claimed for Pit
man. In fact, people knaowling the system, correspond in it and read eats
othor's writing as though It were longhand or Roman printt.
of the par value of One Hundred Dollars
each, which capital stock may be increased
by a vote of the majority of the stockhbld
ers at any meeting called for that purpose,
payments ror said stock shall be made in
raeh or equivalent, as may be prescribed by
the Board ot Directors, who may have pow
er to issue fulligid stock in payment for
property, reel or personal, transferred to
said corporation or for labor or service ren
No stockholder may sell, assign, or trans
fer his stock In this corporation, unless
Thirty (30) days' previous notice, in writ
Ing, of such intention to se.., assign or
transfer any stock to be given to the conm
pan- to such ale, assignment or transfer,
and upon such notice the board of directors
shall nave right to purchase the stock at its
value by reference to the balance sheet of
the last fiscal year. Upon failure of the
board to pass a resolution before the ex
plration of .-.lrty (30) days to pnrchase
the stoer at its book value, said stock may
be sold in open market.
No stock of the company can be bought
by any pledge, except upon tbe above
condtlons, and provided the Board of Drec
tors do not resolve to purchase the same
at its book value within the period named.
No stock can be transferred under any con
ditions unless the transfer be made upon
the books of the company at its ottlce, In
the city of New Orleans, Louislana.
This corporation shall be authorised to
commence bousiness as soon as One Thou
snd Dollars ($1.000.00) of the capital
stock shall have been subscribed for.
The corporate powers of this corporation
shall be vested In and exercised by Board
of Directors of three or more directors, com
posed of stockholders, a majority of whom
shall constitute a quorum In the transac
tion of bualaess, which said directors shall
be elected at a general meeting of the stock
holders of this corporation, to be held on
the Third Saturday of January in each year,
beginning with the year 1912, and notice
of said election shall be given by maillin to
the stockholders, at their last known place
of business, a call for said meeting Five (5)
days previous thereto.
Said board, at its first meeting after each
election, shall elect from Its own members
a president and secretaryy-treasurer.
atllal from any cause to elect directors
on the day submitted shall not dissolve the
corporation, but the officers and directors
then in a ice shaell hold over until their
successors shall have been duly elected and
At all elections say meetings of stock
holders, each stockholder shall be entitled
to one vete for each ahare of stock stand
in ibla hs name, sad may vote in person or
In case of the resignation or death of a
director his place shell be filled as soon as
practicable by calling a meeting of the dl
rectors to elect his successor, who must be
The Board of Directors shall appoint such
agents, employes, servants and clerks as
may be necessary for conducting the busi
ness of this corporation and shall fix their
compensation and have the right to dismiss
Thln act of incorporation may be changed,
modlfied or amended, and this corporation
may be dissolved, with the assent of two
thirds of the capital stock represented at a
general meeting of stockholders called for
that purpose after a Five (6) days' notice
In daily newspaper in the English language
in the City of New Orleans, Louisiana.
Any changes proposed or made with refer
ence *o the increase or reduction of the cap
Ital stock shall be made In accordance with
the laws of the State of Louisiana, with
reference to the alteration of the capital
stock of corporations.
Notice of all stockholders' meetings, not
herein or by law otherwise provided for,
shall be given to each stockholder by letter
addressed to his last known place of resl
dence or business, and deposited in the
malls at least five (5) days prior to the date
of said meeting.
In case of dissolution or terminating of
this corporation, either by limitation of this
charter or for any other cause, its affairs
shall be liquidated by three (3) commission
ers selected by its stockholders at a general
meeting held as above set forth; and said
commissioners shall remain Ia office until
the affairs of this corporation have been
fully liqnldated. In case of death or inca
pacity of one or more of said commslsioners,
the survivor or survlors shall continue to
act until such vacancy or vacancies shall
have been filled by a general meeting of
the stockholders, as above set forth.
No stockholder shall be liable or respon
sible for the contracts of this corporation.
or its faults, in any further sum than the
unpaid balance due the company on the
shares of stock subscribed for or owned Iby
him, nor shall any informality in organiza
tion have the effect of rendering this char
ter nill or exposing any stockhohler to any
liability beyond the unpaid balance, if any,
due on his stock.
Thst done and passed, at my office. In
this city, the day, month and year first
above written, in the presence of Messrs.
Joseph iL. Dahmer and F. R. Watt-. comnpe
tent witnesses, residing It this city, who
have hereunto signed their names with said
appearers and me, notary, after reading of
N.w Orleans, Ios Ange
les, San Francisco
Twice Weekly, Com
mencing Dec. 4, 1911
\V * .t I: ,. , itI. i ,I it
l r ,, . i, . . ~: ". i I, t , '- "l I
1'-r ~ 1 0 1u Lr -1, . l h 1u1s 1
I .'.n 1. In A. ti tli .1. : ,
r-. t:1. h n I, Iol .., -, I II 'i .
4027 . 1,1 " Tn" EO m.r; ; Nl Ills
I ;1.Zr.'. *rli'.11., " . ,, r ,.1A". I t 1,, ` , ' J Io-p 1 ..
,Ii 9)1-.- ~t] fE lat Itit. d i",, Not.l Puti.
.lil .llI, I ill i wii' tllh.
I 1n 1n II a i% h oiII b!re hag' fr
Ili I.,na lo hIre 111.1 i'rti at- I fe,' Ied
nllt r al nd i ac.ific l , t.
" \ý' :T I' I'I:E ue. '.CIII,'O)RNIl 1:"
I' 1E$s I)AII.Y.
I'eP .T;le i nt, a2 l .hrn l'a citlt f ,,r firth tri
allllliul lr. . oity d inket offlce. 2i7 t.
hwrlb- Nst., N ," lorle:ns. 1'hone Main
4027. E L 11,'O. I. Ns, I; . N,
ftly l 'a*lnr -r er and Ticket Agent.
Ale, tifully Ilolpy trated literature for
nlslhe , on1, reqtuest.
Dalhmer, F. II. Watts.
FILED lI:l15.8,, Not. Pub.
I. the unde'r+Iºni, d, Recorder of MortKag,,
In and for the Parish of Orlthe tan, ngtate of
ouismpanies. Theby certify that the ambov
and foren nto the stncorporam. on, ofe the
I \TEktlakº ETTI.\G cOf P.IXY, was this
compay duly recorded n amy officthe in ooas
lt1:., folio 344.
New Orleanst the pOctoer man, 1911
*Signed) EMILE II:ONAIlII, I,. it.
A tro e opyne re for t
FRED DEIH)E:i IL. Not. P'ub.
nov 16, 23, :10; dec. 7, 14, 21.
The Pperformperty Man Know.
An Englsh actor tells a good stdory
ofpri the old days o the touring rtup
companies. They were at Oldham
playing a melodrama called "Cu rerent
Cash." One of the propertles essential
to the piece was a light rowne scull,
wi i that e hero had to push himor
self off Inght to the stream. When tgh
company reached Oldham the oar wasor
missing, but the property man prom
breadto have one ready for the even
ng's performance, says the Pall Mall
Gazette. That afternoon, with evidenty.
ride. e produced from the sacred re
cesses of his room a real human skaoll,
and when It was polnte out to htm
that It was hardly what was requ I red
be declared In haughty tones:
It that skll's good enough orn't
-for a p .e lke rrt Willi h.'
"and settled down, Ime is a stranlr, io
"Not exactly. It's modll that I don't
gan with b"-resd."-Judge's .
Prved Hi nobl e.
"PrHim-nere you oare acsed o Lv on?
gestolen a gold watch."d drs o
p"It's fals-Toledo Bladet plae I e
er stolme distance rsecond To wasn'
nt a ta Willin.or a arthng (o
"Say, rtero, a cent). imc your raser, will
ry inonenlent dibance to te t
Him-t ter a timre ye foeied o "La Bothreamet
n er-I don' t know. It depeaods altr
gether ong him to pad of dr being l
ptoned o pay te by pBlade. h a
Rdobliged to mae a ijyn Japacoing . -
A Eaopndred times ent of Japan, whb
ta sent a theax bill for This fartlng (ote
quar collected three tt). ae it wa a
very neonvenent dmaistane to the tby
paying the pad no a yttentoar n to the m,
tng nothise from the atort ould not pero
dering him to pay i. Not beUa a=
bid to make a jhourney outng . eT
Teral hun'sdred times ter decreases at the
was collected three tIm a year, sd
preente by making other j.ourneys bmle.
nibut th th thorities fwould not Ince
Life insurance originated In 1706 in
London. In that year there was form
ed the first life insurance company. It
was called the Amlcable Society For a
Perpetnal Assurance Office. It was a
mutual benefit concern. Each mem
ber, without reference to age, paid a
fixed admission fee and a fixed an
n-al charge per share on from one to
three shares, and at the end of the
y r a portion of the fund accumulat
e was divided among the beltrs of
those who had died in accordance with
the number of shares each dead per
son had held. Out of this company,
with its crude and Imperfct methods,
life insurance as It ezlsts today