otý a2 16 Air
. ý ... . , w Spry
V ef- . ...
.. },... • is" I ý 'y ':v+ ý
i- .r i " --i·~·~E·t;·i.~
View of a.. d.
r Mll': is situated in an admirable I'
Sposition from the viewpoint ofI
anti-aerial defense. Not only t
is it in the usual sense a fortl- i
titd city. but it lies in a wide plain sur
rl'u nded by hills at successive levels t
that render minute and long distancet
observation singularly easy.
The theory of at hidden and possible
important airplane base somewhere by C
lhe Tyrrhene:n sea. that could send its I
aircraft to KRomte along the fiat shores
or the Maremnli maltrshes, has now
proved to be hlighly improbable, writes
Malgda Sindtlici in the Chic:go News.
The latter would be the host side on t
which to attack, only it has the great a
disadvantage as a scheme, of not be- v
ing-so far--feasihle. Seashore and
Mnremma malrshes would have to be t
approached. failing this western base, I
by crossing the higher Apennines. It h
is, perhaps, difficult to place anti-air- t
craft batteries along these peaks suflf- I
º'ient in number to protect the whole a
mountain chain; but spur after spur a
of the Apennines runs at right angles ii
to the main range from this spinal col- c
uimn of Italy to the sea; and these e
spurs are protected at every strategic t
point, that is, wherever the mountain- c
ous district merges into a plain. 1
Munition Works in Umbria. g
All over the dreamy province of Um- h
bria, so called because of the "shade" s
once cast over the land lay the thick tl
woods that covered it. batteries are
concealed. This province seems to
have gathered to itself all the gentle- tl
ness of Italy, as If the spirit of its an- o
clent agricultural inhabitants, older tl
than the Etruscans, had managed to 0
survive the Impact of fierce medieval I
war. Umbria holds the town of Ternl, p
with its unrestnd steel and munition
work--a great goal for bomb throw
ers and many times attacked. The
little river Nera comes tumbling along
close by It, between high, cool banks, I
sa hasty and vivid that its waters lash
themselves Into perpetual foam; and
Just above the Nera, the gray gleam of
guns adds a contrasting touch to the
peasants In blue overalls and the red s
tasseled white cattle for which the t
district is famous. a
Close under an old rambling con- t
vent watched by ageless cypresses, g
which strike a warm brown note in a j
surrounding scale of hard grays, an- a
other battery lurks; Calvi, perched at t
the top of the last hill before the e
Apennines dwindle away into the val- a
ley of.the Tiber, must not be left un- tl
a defended. I know an old peasant there, a
who perhaps still trudges along the v
s~me road every dawn and nightfall t
with his ax and his spade, who asked g
me, not so long ago, if it were true
that there now existed some mad folk,
among other Iniquitous children of this it
wicked century, who were trying to
fly In the air. I told him the report d
was quite true. "Flying in the face of
Providence" be said sadly; "tempt
Ing Providence t" t
at teris All Around the City. a
On the hills above Tivoli, in view of a
the temple where the prophetic books t
were kept that held the story of Rotae
and where a wise sibyl uttered oraeu- a
lar truths tempered with probability, I
another battery of straight mueazsls
takes heed only of the deep, silken I
aght, sky. This Is a larger townlet
than the village of Calvi, and the In- I
habitants, lulled to a semihypnotle g
somnolence by the never ceasing spell f
of their waterfalls, know little of the
wary guns that guard their slumbers.
Along Rome's immediate coronet of z
hills, abho that Latium where ghostly i
lines of aqueducts and here and there r
a ruined group of gnarled old tower I
spell out the tale of Roman and taro- I
nlal days, more batterles guard the e
is the case farther down where a little i
well ofacidulous water that is much t
dnrunk In the hot weather senads in Its aI
salmgesa Eagieh In the Far Sat. I
Japan, In her eager adoption a.(O
Ilsi*, the almost uatvrarl lanouae I
of trade, Is gradually becomlang bi I
gual; In fact, the whole world Is I
MoIney talks, sad It behooves thosei
who desire to attract money to speak <
macy's, for the time be.ing, tavorlte I
laangage. I used to think that pidgin I
Eglish was a name applied to a Chi
aese Jargon that sounded to English
ars like some kind of bird talk, and
when I learned that "pidgin" Is a per- I
feetly legitimate word which meas l
'talaesa" I felt as though I had been I
robbed of one of my moat fanIcul cona- i
esptlon Business Englsh leng mainte
became a necessity In most of the a ports1
aoft th worlLd-eanor . Egan In the I
Saturday Evenang Post.
0sed Kabit and Healh. Nt
The men who spends his every cent I
money and ao health an smever et
0 sltlIn fiancillUta pby iooglanl
*W , Investnga his erorts in wrong di
Wha dmw amanm mAas ammav I
dally supply on summer Irtruings, to
gether with the brightly colored fruit
earts, to be sold in the streets heralded
by a strange, sing songing cry.
As far away as the Simhruni hills
that lead in gradations of wildness to
the harsh heart of central Italy, the
IRome-Suhnona railroad has its &'im
guardian angels. And at Subhiaco, the
cradle of western mnonastie orders. all
is ready against the incursion of ill
intentioned creatures of the air.
Vatican Real Help to Rome.
And yet. it is perhaps the Vati'an
that constitutes the best and surest
anti-aerial wealpon. The pope lives
within its walls. and Austria, the most
Catholic monarchy. Will send no bombs
to Rome. As the capital of Italy,
Rome would perhaps not he spared.
but a stray bomb on the Vatican would
trouble the consciences of the dual
monarchy more than the slaughter of
any number of Innocent noncombat
ants and create complications for the
imperial government greater than they
care to face. It is doubtful whether
even Protestant Germany would care
to affront the conscience of a not in
considerable part of its population.
There have been no formal assurances
given to that effect---if they exist they
have not been made public-yet there
seems to be a tacit understanding
that because of the pope's presence
Rome is to be respected.
Thus, this city of many vicissitudes,
though prayer and fasting are as much
out of date as a means of defense ps
the "terror by night" that haunted the
old monks of Sublaco, carries within
herself a purely spiritual defense more
powerful than any girdle of steel.
DOWN THE DALMATIAN COAST
Strage SupersUtlelm of the Mixed
People That Uv Aeng the
A much mixed, backward, and
strangely superstitious people are
those who dwell along the eastern
shores of the Adriatic sea, according
to a bulletin of the National Geo
graphic society. Greek colonies and
Roman municipla; Bysantlan oeficials
and sick Franks abandoned on the
rocks of Zara by Crusaders; Italians
exiled driang the centuries of strife
among their petty states or brought
thither by trade ventures; the flood of
Slavonlan and. later, of Ottoman, in
vasion; all these are the elements of
the people living along Austria-Huna
Vampires, diabolical ghosts, witches,
"vilen," and vengeful spirits are held
in great respect throughout this coun
try. and the folklore is rich in their
doings and in the common mortal's
philosophy of self-preservation in a
world filled with such discouraging
things. The "alp," or nightmare, is
a bitter old maid, recognisable by her
garb, who sits on the back or breast of
the sleeper and torments him, mayhap
fatally. She cannot, for some reason
or other,, sit upon the sleeper's side,
and the true Dalmation never think;
of sleeping In any other way than on
The vampire pursues its peculiar
Dalmatian orgies In the guise of a
man or woman, lately dead and of
faulty existence, and Is said to be
merely a human skin filled with blood
and covered with a shroud. Wltches
are bad-weather creatures; their evil
is unfettered only with the storm and
mist. To kill them, one throws three
grains of corn and a wax candle at the
lightning before the thunder sounds.
Thus, they are best killed while the
are maids with horse's boofs. Mostly
these "vile," or wood creatures, are
good and tolerant of human happtnees.
ply a fhinacial bankrupt. He is a phy
sical wreck beides. Take one good
halMt nlato your family of habits. It
is a good breed to have around; it at
tracts good company. Good haMbts pro
duce good health, and good health pro
duces a clear mind and good spirit%
which nla turn promote a successful and
happy IlUfte.-Chicago Herald.
Keep'moving! That is life's secret
all the way. When progress ceases.
you begin to lose ground. When growth
is at an end, decay bellgas. Do not let
yonrself think you know enou, evenm
though your diploma is hanagg
framed upon the wall Do not imag
lae you are good enough even though
your acquaiantn alte in speak.
ing well of yeo. Keep m g I The
day that jbows galn t yaur credit
menam loes.-achana .
menetly a stairwar been pat
Uoin of bY(I,6L:Y 3 M Mb
MAN SAVES UFE
BY WIELDING AX
3itten by Rattlesnake He Cuts
Off His Own Hand to
Sun Antonio, Tex.-With one blow
'rom an ax. J. A. Baker, railroad see
tlon foreman, severed his left hand
after it had begun to swell from the
ffect of a rattlesnake bite. Baker
then traveled from where he was
working. 40 miles below here, a dis
.anee of eight miles, to receive medi
After he had been bitten by the
;nake. Baker called upon a compan
ion and asked him to out off the swell
:ng hand. The friend attempted
:wice, but each time lost his nerve be
Completely Severed the Hand.
"ore he could swing the blade. Baker
:hen grasped a stump with his left
hand and chopped down with the ax
held in his right. One blow complete
y severed the hand.
Binding his wrist with a stout cord.
Baker walked the eight miles neces
sary to reach a point where he could
:e aided. A physician., who had trav
eled 30 miles on a special train. met
The snake, which Baker killed after
.t had struck him, measured ten feet
and had nine rattles.
GIANT AND DWARF ARE WED
Seven-foot Colorado Man Takes for
Bride Girt Four Feet Tall.
Denver, Colo.-The "long and short
of It" aptly desertbes the marrlage
here of Carl Sandetll. 7 eet 4 Ioches
tail, to Miss Johaena Naehr, 4 feet
7 inches In height. The groom is a
giant, weighinag 200 pounds, while the
dwarf bride moves the scale lever at
about 95 pounds.
Sandell is a native of Colorado and
has been a familiar might on Denvees
downtown business district for years,
where he has been a guide in the fa
mous DauLels & Fisher tower. Miss
Naehr came here from Baltimore about
three years ago.
The couple had planned on being
married some months ago, but when
war was declared Sandell decided to
postpone the event, and made numer
ous unsuccessful attempts to enter Un
dele Sam's fighting forces. When he
was finally rejected by a local draft
examining board the wednag was ar
"I guess the difference In height
won't matter much," they both agreed.
ONLY A HAIRPIN, BUT
IT OPENED EVERY LOCK
New Yorkt.--When Coney Is
land pollee, on the mrekr for
the taker of nMrs. Cascilla
hnerer's pockeltbook, together
with $8.1d8, one postage stamp,
one bread-puddlag recipe, oae
latch key sad one pocket mirror,
ran late a woman with four oth
er pocketbooks not her own, they
wondered how she had been able
to take them from the bath.
For she had no "jimmy." no
burlat's tools was on her per
son, and they pussled ln vain un
til the police matron went
through her pockets and found
a twisted hairpln. The twisted
hairpin turned oat to be capable
of opening anythling wlthln sight.
Every locker in the bathhouses
at the Island responded to a
twist. Cells in the Comney police
station, though, proved proof
Saim In Automeblie.
Rydal, Kan.--Snakes like the com
fort of a nap Li the warm -a while
curled up in the soft seant of a mtor
ear, according to Ralph Bowersox. a
htrmer northwest of here. Mr. Bower
sonx bad just started his car the other
day when be felt something In the
seat beneath him. It was a large
make, just arousnag from his sleep in
the suna. The ride ended in death for
Btind Couple Marry.
Carrollton, Mo.-That love is really
bind was borne out by John Jester
and Mrs. Sadle Balrd, a Kansas Clty
couple married here recently. They
were acmepenled to Carrollton from
Kaas CiQty by another blind man and
wife. It is said to be the first tm
a blind couple were ever maurWe
Carroll comnty, Both were ma sly
osq i Jam for Bse Mlnuse of pase
New Teek.-&mSthsq Uinlh w
mmL t mmm di r 4
ser~nsms a eaag l
beas se segin to o statsse
MAKiNG NO BONES ABOUT IT.
The town's champlion liar had just
fallen on the pavenlent, nnd they had
carried him to the corn: r drug store
and called the doctor. A few ilinutes'
exalillntion revneal(l the fact that his
leg had been broken. Regaining con
sciousit.sns, he asked the doctor. "How
is it, doe? Am I hurt pretty bad?"
"Well." returned the medical man.
"it might he worse, but I think that
you have broken your fibula."
"Oh. no, doc.' groaned the injured
one, "don't say that." And he swooned
away, never to revive.
Had the Cop Guessing.
"Officer. why did you arrest this
"Suspicious action . your honor. He
was within the speed limnlt, sounding
his horn properly and trying to keep
on the right side of the street."
Wifey-lf a lian loves his wife atI
mluc'h as she loves hiil, he will stop
willastin his mloney on cigars if she
Hlluby-Fes, ,but if the wife loves
hima as much as she ought to love a
'nan who loves her enough to stop It
the Iasks him. she won't ask him.
Exceptional Music. •
"Don't you enjoy the music of the
"Yes." answered Mr. Cumrox. '"The
:une isn't Itmuch. But they can play II
lithout canusing anylbody to insist or
itarting a dance."
"Gwace's father thought you were
the candy khl. didn't-he, me boy?"
"Yaw. He borrowed $10 the first
light I met him."
Why the Lamp Went Out.
In he parlor there were three,
8he. the parlor lamp. and he;
Two Is company. no doubt,
So the little lamp went out!
In a Dry Goods Store.
"These,. you see, are socks that you
Mn't wear out."
"I believe you. I'd scarcely dare
wear them at home."
Fond of Music.
"She see:s to be very fond of mu
"Yes, indeed. Youll always find her
it the piano when her mother Is wash.
aIg the dishes."
A Fresh Start
"Well, I see Jones is on his feet
"e he was obliged to sell his
"Is Bobs a married man?"
"He must be. I saw him pull four
etters out of his pocket that he had
!orgotten to mail."
"What an ugly vehicle is that the
siring stables have sent you "
'"That's a shame! I ordered a han
"Why did Gills give his wife a clock
hat strikes the quarter?"
"It keeps her so confused she doesn't
mow what time he comes home."
Almost Equal to Diveore.
"Ole Bill sea 'e 'ardly never sees 'ls
"Oh! 'Ow's that, then?"
"'Co. she's all mornln' an' arternoon
il a msugar cue, and 'e's all evenla'
in a beer coe."-London Pechb.
"What would you do if I should kLss
"I'd take it calmly," said the girl.
"This weather bi too hot for hysteries,
and besides Ive been kilsed before."
-er Mesa Frienda.
He-8o you refuse to be married em
Friday. Are you superatitious
She-No, but a lot of my girl fridends
are, and they wouald say I only am
muted to a Priday weddla beeause It
wus my int ehsne ."-Bestoe UDe
**WUes, I see wmbs beus bees
!t tse h aalm. r i
A FOUNTAIN PEN
Friend of Victim Finds Ring on
Finger of Lounger in
HE WAS 'SOME CHEESE'
Tells Detective He Feared Victim
Would Be Robbed, So Helped
Himself to His Valuables-But
No "Rough Stuff."
Chicago.-lolling on one of tile dl
vans in Peacock alley at one of the
leading hotels, a young man twirled a
cane and glanced admiringly at a dia
mond ring that glistened on his left
.hand. liHe wore a blue serge suit. the
coat being of the latest pinch back;
a silk shirt, fancy cravat, and tza:
In the classical language of Detec'
tive Sergeant Percy Wild, who escort
ed the young man from the hotel to a
police cell, he was "some cheese."
A Fountain Pen Samaritan.
Joe Reynolds Is the name he gave at
the South Clark street station. The
diamond ring he wore, also a watch
and chain, were taken from Adolph
Beck, C02 Oakwood boulevard, early
one morning at Congress street and
Wabash avenue. It was what the po
lice call a "stickup with a cannon."
Mr. Reynolds denies using firearms.
lie says he is too much of a gentle
man to carry a gun. What the victim
thought was a revolver was only a
"I was afraid," he told Detective
Sergeant Wild, "that Mr. Beck, whose
ntame I did not know at the time, would
walk into the hands of robbers who
might take his valuables. For that rea
son. to protect him from being heaten
up. perhaps. I helped myself to his ring
and watchl. It was clone in a gentle
mnanly fashion. I assure you. No rough
It was the peculiar mounting of the
ring that led to the .arrest of Ieynmoldls.
Reek told a friend of his experiences.
The friend later walked through Pea
In the Language of Detective Wild He
Was "Some Cheese."
cock alley. His attention was attract
ed to the well dressed young man twir
ling the cane. He saw the ring and
recognized It as the one stolen from
The house detective of the hotel was
notified and he telephoned the police.
Detectives Wild and Bernacchl were
sent to the hotel.
Fearing that Reynolds was armed
the detectives "frisked" him right there
In the alley, but found no weapon.
He said he was a malgastuae solleitor
and roomed at 56 West Ohio street.
THIEVES VISIT TWO DAYS
They Slep ad at in Hnouse f
Wealthy New York Widow Be.
fore Rebbing It.
New Yerk.-Detetlive are search.
in for two or more thieves who, they
say, pased at least two daty and
nights in the four-story private real
deuce of Mrs. J. Kllagtela, a wealthy
widow, ransacking it from root to
basement and maknag a clean getaway
with everythlng portable they fanled.
Mrs. Klagstelna and several of her chll
dren were out of the city.
Several burglaries recently reported
In this aeighborhood of resildences
eased the police to assign men in
plain clothes to speelar lookout duty.
Iateriag through the sky~light, these
and other policemen found that the
loor beneath was wet from the last
rain, shbowrlng the thleves had entered
the blidldnlg before Friday.
One of the beds had been slept on
sad a decanter of cognace had been
Man Twisted inlde.
Camberland, Va.-Charles McAuley
SBostoan, Oa, an expert peach peck
a, was operated on :mt the Alleghany
hospital, this city,. for a perforation ot
the stomach and, much to the surprise
ot the surgeons, the operation dEP
edosed the fact that his heart is oa his
right side, the appendlix on the lefit,
the spleen on the right and his storm
a turned upselde down, so that it
empties to the left.
Snake With Twe Tails.
Rocky Point, Ark.-While W. M.
hlips wea showing frends over his
ereb dicoverd a eMcken snake.
TheI Miled it and feaund the make had
StMai at acb .end The reake, wMieh
-s shet ar feet ha. ad under
9Mhan to aBew a mlkeM e the eat
IS be hd
Thel women of Italy and France iare iper. en this imargin, conslstt .
making millions of ration heaters for sheet,. spre:id it little glue or
the use of soldiers in the trenches and and onti:nue tlhe rolling, M.. or
in the high Alps, where coal cannot he . ".:.t r"l of ape'r ait et
ser.t. They are made of old newspa- tour If se ofr the ts at
pers and paraffin, for which old candle ~ , to glu here i tooe
ends are used. There are thousands Whtie th, ne.wsl;pers may
of tons of old newspapers and intllion lone ;.h thne oif the column, t
of candle ends in this country that rolling and the individual t
may be converted into fuel for the use rolald la ' :t r itl. is is done in k
of men at the front, or in cutups, or to making of the trenh candle in
save kindling at home. The war Is it is eair to roll the whole uni
teaching us economy, and this lesson, into a long roil andl then cu it
once learned, will not he altogether short le inghs. A sharp carenin
forgotten. a pair of pruning shears, or s
It is so easy to make ration heaters fashioned haIy cutter will cut theO
that children do the work as success- easily. These little rolls mut sttk
fully as anyone and enjoy doing It. boiled for four minutes in enonh p
The Italian National society gives the ailin to cover th.mn, then takes q
following directions for making them: and ciulld. when they are ready 1t5
"Spread out four newspapers, eight put in hngs and sent to the tree.o
long end. Roll as tightly as possible, tremches: will lh eture gratefal
until the papers are half rolled, then this teans of warming their fod a,
fold back the first three sheets toward building a fire. and tnothin; ealte t
the rolled part and continue to wrap make for theln. elthsilchilideAs
around the roll alnost to the first fold, hbeig t::ntllh to tha t., them. W
then fold back another three sheets they arn linishedl tiny are plee
and continue to wrap arournl the roll large bags and sela tI the a
again up to the last Imargin of the pa- i Red Cross hl.lqall rs.
, , ý " an ý a d e ý o ý fi a .j boil or foa mlu e s n ao t -
Somei t1 Dile ·i
.. Sm l a. ,d `n' eli .
Simple and Dignified Negligee.
Some negligees contrive to be sim
pile and dignifed, as well as pretty
they have "a grace in being gay."
Here is an example of a negligee that
is as easy and comfortable as a ki
mono, presentable outside one's own
rooe and very easy to make for the
capable woman who does her own
sewing. It has an accordlon plaited
skirt of thin, light-colored silk and a
pretty coat of crepe georgette or chit
The skirt is straight and rather nar
row and hangs from a very short on
derbodice. making a high waist line.
The skirt and bodice are set together
with a narrow beading, which Is pretty
when crocheted of silk thread, like the
skirt in color. Black velvet baby rib
boan, run through two rows of the
heading, is tied in a rosette at the
front and has hanging ends. This
touch of black is effective on all the
light colors used for the gay and love
ly house gowns.
The slipover coat is long at the back
and has kimono sleeves. A vestee is
suggested by the short, pointed front.
All the seams are hem-stitched and a
hem, put in with this stitching, fur
naides a simple decorative border for
every edge. This method of putting
together blouses, bodices and negligee
coats simpllfies matters for the home
dressmaker because all she needs do
is to baste in seams and hems and
turn the garment over to the profes
slonal hemstitcher. The accordion
plaiting is also done by people who
have plaiting machines, but the home
dressmaker can manage side-plaits for
herself. In either ease. the plaits are
to be very slightly dampened and
Novel 8leev Treatment.
Perhaps you have a sleeveless a
n:ghtle--sleeveless nighties are quite g
the thing now. you know-but you
would really like to have a bit more
covering over your arms. Well, here's
a suggestion that is every bit as fetch- fl
lag as it is practical. To the lower n
part of one armhole attach two pieces i
of ribbon about one-fourth of a yard o
In length and two or three laches in c
width; secure both ends in a fat bow tl
te dil midway betwees the shoulder a
S aliew. This a lesidedly ht g
lIgetly pressed out arloa
of the skirt to make i it
Tte sleeveless swests I
success. Everybody wh
this type of seatr fir
according to spedentlati.
in one guise it mat a a
And then there are the
lons sleeveless sw5t51
wool, In gay colors,
dered around the asek IM
and lower edge with a s0.R
angora. The sleevekl
ally of the llp-over style,
on and of over the si.
Ostrich Pumes €cu
Things begin to chirp VP
trich feather, for one csls
the fact that more sad alr
is being used on bats s
by. The exclusive shbp
have adopted It in all a" d
Although much of the W1 I
bandings. edges da lW
the full fashioned pbluss ia
ly coming into their owl.
For Whity 1MuiE
Keep a lemon near p
to use on your hands atr
There is nothing equal to a
keeping your hands whit
you must use the lemon wL4
not apply more than ones e -;
coming way of rellew te .
appearance of an uttf,
An OrigiMll OSI 1
Blue georgette over th
flesh tints Is develolped SIS
made surpilee style. em0 d
ribbon. blue on one dd
other. join the shooald
caur again.nt the frost '
the parinent is po -i
with little bals. e.vud
soft -an" ta N
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