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NIEI STATE MAIm OEPAIrmTEn UTNIPIwSO
Capial Phone Main Capital 786 Five Million Dollars "Greatest Homestead South" Organized in 1907 Under the same management since organization. We are the largest Homestead or Building and Loan Association in the South for the time in operation 10 1-2 years. There's A Reason We are the Only Homestead or Building and Loan Association in Louisiana that lends money at less than 7 per cent. and no bonus. Our increase in Assets the past six months, ending December 31st, 1917, was larger than any other Home stead or Building and Loan Association in New Orleans. We Always Lead We were the first Homestead or Building and Loan Association in the United States to announce and sub scribe for Liberty Loan Bonds. We also purchased 2nd and 3rd Issue Liberty Loan Bonds. On March 3rd, 1918, we announced through the local press that we would suspend payments on loans made to members serving our country, eitfler in the Army or Navy, and on March 8, 1918 President Wilson signed the soldiers and sailors Civil Rights Bill, practically creat ing a moratorium for men in the service. We were the first Homestead in New Orleans to send books and periodicals to the Public Library to be sent to our Boys at the Front. These Men Made It Possible aOW. F. ASKEW F. W. GRAS AUG. W. NOLbE WM. AIT1EN .. WM. A. GIULASPIE, M. D. CHRIS. NUNGESSER A. BL. Ia3,M JAB. J. GAZIN GEO. L. PURVES A. I. b MOpN W. J. HARTMANN WM. F. SHERWOOD LUes 40M kA, M. D. W.J. S lamER WILUAM J. SONNEMANN ED. O. c aMan JOB. S. IEB LAWRENCE TURNER N. . nDBL GEO. MONTGOMERY JOB. A. VUILIET A. 3. DUMAS ,B. C. McaLEILAN JOB. L. WAILE aI I Young--.Strong---Conservative---Sound SEE US DIX IE HOMESTEAD ASSOCIATION WILLIAM J. SONNIMIANN Seretary-Treaurer 562-503 Machbca 81Id., 830 Canal St., New Orlesas, La., tilE W AMl lD MOKE OUSE DAIZI IN ~t 727 I&ervile St. tY w Orrlea 'C~· ~JI/EE I~~D LOYOLA UNIVERSITY Loyola University is delightfully situated in the Garden District of New Orleans, in St. Charles Avenue, opposite Au dubon Park. Easily accessible from all parts of the city. Ex cellent street car facilities. The buildings present a magnificent specimen of the Tudor( Gothic style of architecture, which forms one of the most hand some groups of buildings in the entire South. Thoroughly fire-proof and equipped with all modern conveniences. The faculty, about one hundred and thirty in number, is chosen from among the most prominent educators iii the coun try.. The expenses are nominal compared with the facilities offered. Thorough courses are offered in Classics, Sciences, Law, Detistry, Pharmacy, Wireless, Oraory and Public Speaking, NauRical Science, Mechanial Drawing, Cammerce, Business, flrthr istip. apgy to Very Rev. A. E. Otis THE OLD POST OFFICE OR CUSTOM HOUSE Cost Five Million Dollars-Interesting facts regarding its construotion--Henry Clay laid cornerstone Butler's Headquarters and Confederate Pris on in 1862-White League Headquar ters in September 1874 The following article by H G. G icheyv. Present Superintendent ,of Cnstruction The New Orleans Custom House is t one of the oldest buildings owned by thi' Inited States, the first appropri ation of $570i having been made March :. 1S45. for the preparation of plans. On Mlarch ., 1 s47, the first appropri ation of $100i.000 was made for the commnencement of the building. The land on which the building stands was ceded to the United States by the First Municipality of New Or leans on June 21, 1,4S. The plans, for the building were then approved i by Robert J. Walker, Secretary of the 1 Treasury under President Polk, and I the foundations of the building were commennced immediately, Henry Clay 1 laying the corner-stone in 1S48. The building occupies an entire city square, having a frontage on Canal Street of 337 feet, a depth of :I03 feet and is 80 feet in height. The building was originally intended to be four stories in height, but on account of changes in the design and struc ture of the roof under modified plans prepared in 1871, the fourth story is suitable only for storage purposes. The original plans for the building were prbpared by A. T. Wood, and the work of construction was con ducted under the supervision of a Building Commission appointed by the Secretary of the Treasury, and comprising Messrs. Alcee LeBranche, Denis Prieur and William McKen ree Gwin, all citizens of New Or leans, La. Col. William Turnbull was Chief Superintendent of Con struction. and Gridley J. F. Bry ant, Inspector of Granite work. On a portion of the site of this building, Sieur de Bienville, the second Governor of Louisiana, un der the French, soon after the foun dation of the City in 1781, erected a small wooden Custom House called by the Creoles "La Douane," and some portions of the block has ever since formed the site of the New Orleans Custom House. This block of land was in early days a portion of the site of Bienville's country house or private residence. It was to this spot that the Ursuline Nuns were conducted when they arriLed in Nevw Orleans In 1727, and they re sided here until the house in Char tres street was erected by Bienville for their reception. The Foundation. The foundation of the building consists of a grillage under each wall, formed with a transverse layer of four inch pllnks, on top of which is laid a longitudinal layer of 12 Inch x '1 2inch 1imners, these in turn, being crossed by another layer of similar timnbers, this grillage be ing spread about, five feet on each side of the walls, and the bottom about nine feet below the present street level. All timber in this grillage is cypress and when uncov ered in 1915, to ascertain its condi tion, was found sound and no signs of decay. On top of this grillage is a layer of concrete 12-inches in thickness and a foot wider than the walls on each side. On top of this layer of concrete the brick masonry is started, all walls having inverted arches between all piers or across all large openings. to distribute the weight of the walls, etc., equally over the entire grillage. Not Built on Cotton Bales. When tourists visit New Orleans they are usually told that the Cus tom House is built on a foundation of cotton bales, but there is no truth in the story. The only foundation for such story gaining publicity, may be that during the early days, through the South, a bale of cotton was used as a sort of standard of value, and it might have been stated at some time that the foundat!ons of the Custom 'House cost a certain number of bales of cotton, and it is possible the present story ema nated from this source. Building Has Settled. A commission in 1851, appointed to make an investigation, reported that the site of the New Orleans Custom House, as ascertained from test borings made, was the firmest, dryest, and most reliable in and about the city; yet in 1860 the buadins had settled about 2 feet, 6 inches. On account of this settle ment the original plans for finish ing the building were never carried out. It was intended to provide a large dome over the central rotunda of the building, and top the walls with a granite cornice, but the dome was omitted and the cornice made of cast iron in lieu of granite uas in tended. The exterior walNs are 4 feet thick of granite, backed up with brick masonry; the interior walls are in like proportion to the build ing. Through all walls at intervals of about 2 feet In height 1-4-inch x 2-inch flat iron bands are built in the longitudinal joints of the brick work, and the wisdom of this rein forcement is shown by the fact that *tth all the settlement that has taken place there are no serious cracks in any of the walls of the building. In the SOs. General (then Mayor Beanregard was put in eharge of the building and reported to Washing ton the settlement that was taking place. At this time the walls had been carried up to the line of the archa trave of the cornice, and all beams of the fourth story were in place. This eettlemeiat end the breaking out of the Civil War caused a sus pension of operations. A temporary roof was put over the building, and the walls tied together with chanlas to prevent spreading, and all weork of coanstruction suaspended to await the remiult of the settling and the war. Prom 1680 to 1871 no fur ther work was performed on the bulding ecsept in the ntatr eo re pairm sand preserving the usfltnsl_ work, untl 1871, when operat--a wer rmmed rnaer modfed ptlan chsnre b Mf, second story was completed, " the third story in 1SS1. The fourth tl story (or attic) never was conlpletld tl as originally intended, and can only u be used for storage purposes. c: The main, or what is known as 1 the second floor of the building, is a formed with groined brick arches supported on walls and piers, the P1 space above the arches being filled G with concrete. A part of the third tl floor is also constructed in this manner. The other floors of the f, building are constructed with iron s beams having brick arches between it and levelled with concrete. At the time this work was done, the present f I-beam was not being manufactured. and all beams in the building are built up of channels, plates, and angles over short spans the ordinary f rail-road rail was used. The floor construction throughout, is of great strength, nearly all floors having I been intended for Customs storage t purposes and designed to carry heavy 11 loads. b June 25. 1860 an appropriation of 0 $20,000 was made to fit up a part of the first story to accommodate the Postoffice. which at that time was located on Royal Street (or Rue ° Royal as it was then known) about º midway between Canal Street and n Custom House Street. As soon as c quarters were prepared, the Post Of- 0 fice moved into the Custom House building, where it remained untilp the new Post Office and Court House a was completed in 1915. The architecture of the building C is a modified Egyptian, heavy fluted ii columns with typical capitals sup- n porting heavy pediments over the en. e trances on the four sides of the A building. The exterior walls are fi faced with Quincy granite, 8-cut, and sa this granite work is far superior to si granite-work as done at this late a day. The cornice is designed in ti harmony with the granite work, but is of cast iron. P The roof of the building is formed c with wood and iron trusses, covered c with wood sheathing, this sheathing t] being covered with copper. The a present roof-covering is the second a one to be put on the building, and r, was put on in 1890, the copper be- 1 itg laid In standing seams, riveted A together. This copper was laid in lI lengths up to ninety feet, with no a provision made for expansion or n contraction, and has given trouble $ ever since put on. There are nu- tl merous breaks in the copper, espec- d ially along the long riveted stand- t, ing seams, and to keep the roof n water tight, these breaks are patched every time a leak develops, using canvas and a specially prepared as phaltums paint. This copper roof- a covering cost $31.500. t Another source of trouble in con- t nection with this hopper roof-cov- r ering has been where cast iron or J wrought iron has been covered with the copper. Through the electroly- t tic action set up by dampness and the contact of the two metals, the iron has been distintegrated. r'lhis has occurred where cast-Iron gutters have been lined with the copper, and where the copper root-covering has been locked on to sheet-iron at the outer edge of the cornice. From the main entrance on Canal street, a large marble stairway leads s to the upper floors, and just in front of the stairs landing, on the second º floor, In the center of the building, º is located the "Architectural fea t ture" of the building, called "The r Marble Hall." Originally this space was not intended for office use, but i owing to lack of space in the build [ ing, glass screen partitions have I been installed between the marble s columns and the collection of cus i toms duties are made here. t The "Marble Hall" measures 90 - feet x 130 feet, and is 50 feet in height. The ceiling of this large room is composed of an iron frame with heavy plates of colored glass, I and is supported on fourteen m rble I corinthian columns, 41 feet long, 4 Sfeet in diameter. These shafts are Smade up in beetions about 6 feet in length, the joints between the sec tions being so elose and so well made a that it requires a close examination in many instances to detect that the - columns are not one piece of mearble. - The capitals of these columns are Itypical corinthian, but have added a at the top of each calpital a bns-re Slief of Juno and another of Mercury 5 (God of Commerce), on top of these a columns rest fiftteen-foot marble a beams or lintels supporting the iron - ceiling frame. At one end of this hall are panels t with life sise bime-reltef fignres of a Bienville the founder of New Or Sleans, and of Jackson, its defender, - between these figures is placed the s cost-of-arms of the State of Lois r lana, the Pelican feeding its young. a The floors of the "Marble Hall" - and corridors of the buildings are of - white and black marble tiles. i Elevators were not Included in the Soriginal plans of the building, the I intention at that time being to hoist the goods to be stored, through r hoist-ways in the floors, by means a of block-nd-tackle. These hoist - ways through the floors of the corr ; dors are now used for ventilation and light wells. In 1813 a hydraulic Selevator was installed to handle the Sgoods to be stored on the fourth Sfloor. This was replaced about 1901 with a modern electrl freight etl vator. In 1901, at a cost of $18,460 -two passenger elevators, operated by Selectricity, oere installed in the open I pDart of the main stairway, these ele a vators running from the ground a floor to the third floor. t The present steam heating system Swas installed ta 1901 at a cost of $34,414, and in 1910 at a eost of $17,088, a new system of plumbing and new tolet rooms were installed I in the balhaig. I c. g Pine ggm hdU T he en l et at m fdlibg, i W ww * 95*M.*, at before the Civil War. Since 1882: $496.$59, has been expended for al terations and additions, making the total cost of the building, exclusive of ordinary repairs, $4.675.413.30. The original cost for the building, which at that time was the second largest in the I'nited States, the ('apitol at Washington being the first. called for an elaborate dome. but on account of the extra weight that would be put on the already over-taxed foundations, never wa= built. Gen. iutler's Headquarters. When General Ilutler. in 1S62. during the civil war, took possession of New Orleans. he established his headquarters in the t'ustom House, with a suite on the second floor of the building. The upper part at that time was unfinished, and was used during the war as a prison for captured confederate soldiers. The building was then known officially as Federal Prison No. f,. and in it were confined some 2000 confed erate soldiers captured by Major General N. P. lhanks in his raid through western Louisiana. In this same building, Win. Mum ford who tore down the United States flag from the U. S. Mint build ing in New Orleans, after the Union Army had taken possession, was con fined and tried before a Military Commissioner, and being found guil ty, was taken to the Mint building and hanged on the spot where the flag was torn down. In September of 1874, when the Republican State Government teas temporarily overthrown by the "White League," the Custom House building was made the headquarters of the !Metropolitan Police of New Orleans, and it was in this building they found refuge when they fled front the charge of citizens, on that memorable occasion. 'This build ing was also the refuge of a large number of persons when the hurri cane of September 29, 1915 swept over the city.' The building is in a good state of preservation generally, and stands as a monument to its builders, the ma sonry throughout being in very good condition, considering its age, and indicating exceptionally good work manship--better than can be obtain ed in the' commercial market today. As the streets were paved and sur face drainage systems installed, the soil on which the Custom House stands became more firm and solid, and of late years no settlement of the building has been observed. Knowing that as soon as the new Post Office and Court House, then in course of construction, would 1)e completed, about fifty per cent. of the offices in the Custom House would be vacated, and it would be an opportune time to remodel or renovate the building the writer in 1914 submitted to the Supervising Architect a report in detail describ ing the condition of the building, and making an estimate and recom mendation for an appropriation of $350,000 for remodeling aqd plselag the building in a more modern coa dition. This report was transmittei to Congress and the amount recom mended was .authorized. At the date of writing this article, May, 1916, plans have been prepared and approved by the various Depart ments, and it is expected that a con tract for the work will be made in the near future, and this work of renovating this old building may form the subject for a future article. . As is generally known, the con tract referred to is presently nrer '"' , ' Compli nentp * of Grune wa Corpany to The Herald Just KOLB'S That's All •~ . C The Gr.:atest T of the Day Conserv0 a ,,I ,, 1" t , I,. Asa Co , R hi n yI Inll ('annin~ .., Cooking a delicacy- ,' tvcr is seutel fruits anil '- abtes. Ina ing, the foo, i. ,oolid in its moisture No cater is a Thus saving tih valuable salts andl jul s. For C'-nserror. and Drlyr National Canner ,Ce Office. 332 C(hartres Iae Phone Main 82 U New (rleans, Ia. Royal Billiard Hall - LAMEST II TIE US -8-TABL e 11W Rpl St* lng completion, and the thus comiummated, from diaetlons, will add matSel usefulness as well as to tbh of this grand old bulidi-., tie mile-stones of Amyti .