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The herald. [volume] (New Orleans, La.) 1905-1953, January 23, 1919, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88064020/1919-01-23/ed-1/seq-3/

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_Of Interest to Labor
Important News of National, State and Local Interest
.~- ... *.. .
Bank &
St. Charles St.,
Corner Union
i m required by law to
/ d rsrly printed reports of
1jition of their business.
oa A deposit:
- 29th, 1918,
r 18th, 1918
$162,518.97 .
er31st, 1918
lesources Dec.31
,gi shoW a healthy growth
jleates gradual enlarge
. ToUs the present is bright.
Sfuture full of promise.
Pb rofound appreciation to
yMIY increasing clientele.
ine Bros., Ltd.
Do$ In
jamb Sherry Wine,
ma ta bulk; 75e a
AV., Cor. Verret St.
wa s:ft ."
illw w tv 16b
iaum* r ad d
Deae thy.with an
S ia ia t I
lbbL Inh dr
a a had
71 ba*k sad I
W the tbimn I jalt
b t a
tha ap Ir
whumem the
thit I did,
Rdl bid health.
12s as
K Ar.
Legislators Have Hard Work 1a
Framing Law That Will
Hold Good .b
to at
f ce
a Measure in That Country Practically pE
Destroys Illiteracy at the Root-De.- e
velopment of Publie Schools Is of $
Much Importance. at
(Chief of the Children's Bureau, Depart. C
ment of Labor.) $1
No aristocracy can be recognized in to
formulating a measure to protect chil- $1
dren from premature and excessive
labor. The only just measure is one
which affords this immunity to every
child. The separate varying statutes
of 48 states create favored classes of
th children. Therefore, in view of the
e- decision of the Supreme court it re
t. i mains only to find a method of na- 8
e tional limitation not repugnant to the cr
Through the action of the president O
and departmental agencies the stand- W
ards of the federal law are observed ci
where children are employed on gov
ernment reservations, and they are A
written into all government contracts. 0(
It is generally agreed that a good of
child-labor law should establish an ed- I JI
ucational minimum, a physical mini
mum, and an age minimum which a 1
child must reach before he is graduat- b
ed from the training period of his life e(
into the wage-earning period. The pl
United States child-labor law fixed no
educational or physical standards. The pi
age and hour standards laid down were pi
not so high as the standards required m
. by certain states, were identical with as
those of a large number, and higher
than the standards in some states. as
Child-labor laws do not protect chil- to
dren in agriculture, and while no one at
would be disposed to dispute the ti
wholesomeness of suitable farm life
for children because of the varied on- 1
cupations and interests it permits, on v4
the other hand the raral areas where m
child labor was greatest, aecording to p1
the last census, were also thoser show
Ing the greatest illiteracy. The dl- n
covery of a number of young soldiers L
born in this country who are illiterate t
to humiliating and must lead to active it
measures to protect the boys and girls ,
now growing up from work which in
fE tetrferes with proper schooling.
The law by which England has just b'
determined a method of cutting the w
knot of rural child labor is of tlamly T
Interest. The measure provides that a
all children shall attend school without
exemptions or exceptions until the age it
of fourteen years. Illiteracy wiB be ,
destroyed at the root by the operation t
ef such a statute. a
While child labor is a poverty pab
leam in part, it is also a school prob
leo. The immediate and uaiveral deo
velopment of the public schools Is of
national rather than local Importlaae.
Workmi'O Compuate. t
John Mltchell, chairmea of thIe NMt
Tork Industrial, commisdon, recom
bd mended change in existing statutes on B
7 workmen's comlpeaatia to provide O
en conditions under which crippled men a
W may work. He atys:
' "The employer should be held liable 1
duly for te Injury trn~a red within his I
4 plant. But the extroordinay comn
Spensation due to the combined eoRect I
itf of pest and preseet Infariea should
Io be paid to the cripple How? By al
a speial fund, it need be sach au that b
established in New Totrk by asesing
employers $100 for every ease et
death due to Industrial secident where
r thee are no dependent. If a work- I
ling man who hu lost an arm ten years i
(ri age loses his other arm, his employer
did is required to compeasate him merely
Sas if he would lose one arm. The
speelal fund takes care of the dier
b en ee and compesates the now totally
mlth disabled worker for te rest of his
ed ife."
Wemens' War ampoyment.
The woman in industry service of
the United States department of la- b
bor Is colltig and dlstributlng in
formation on such topics uas the extent
of employment of women durting the
war, the wide variety of their employ- ,
S ment, the methods by which they bave t
been succesfully lntroduced into new
occupations aad the ateguards with
wblehich It has bes neceesary to s
round them tn tho srelese o their
S helth and ldeone.
Plas are being made to agbabah
picetorial reerd of the woerk we am
are doin, a d the wema b hindutry
service is askitg fW the coopefttica i
of the employers of So dentry in as
aembling thees plctaree.
Labr Cetrart Noet VMMLu I
r Labor contract agad upon for the
duration oet the war- ae t weod be.
i cause of the iga of the armtssee,
the natonal war labr board dfad I
at the heazRt eig t ie rlne workers' I
W. a. Ta·n, prddbia with a. .
Manley as jolat cbatrma of the
board, said that the 8upreme court a
has ruled that pence comes and war I
ends only when ~ongrees ratles a s
peae treaty. I
The board ordered that the bat 4
S ewues, who rensad a demuand fr sa 1
ight-ha r day, are all bos by oh ai
terms of *h- e-Woia aeumsMt. I
Licensed Officers on Boats Plying
From Atlantic and Gulf Porth
Get Raise in Salaries.
New wage scales for licensed offi
cers of all steamships plying from At- 0
lantlc and Gulf ports were promul
gated by the shipping board, effective
from January 1 to May 1. They are
.based upon the size of the vessels,
which are divided into five classes,
are the same as the present rate paid
in the coastwise traffic and do not con- R
template the payment of bonuses in
any form whatever. Masters will re
ceive from $300 to $373 a month, de- i.
I pendling upon the size of the ship;
chief engineers from $212.50 to
I $287.50; first officers and first assist
ant engineers, $181.25 to $206.25; see
ond officers and second assistant en
gineers, $162.50 to $1S7.50; third offl
cers and third assistant engineers,
$143.75 to $168.75; fourth officers and
a fourth assistant engineers, $143.75 to ti
S$150, and junior engineers, $125.
f Day laborers in Japan receive only le
e 28 cents a day.
Men employed in the steel works of
Sydney, N. S., have received an in
e crease of 21 cents an hour in wages.
Organized iron molders in Portland,
t Ore., are against the installation of i
women in the iron foundries of that
d city.
r- The labor cost of a certafi type of
e American ship is figured at about $40,
1. 000, as compared with $19,000 on a
d similar British ship and $9,000 on a
.i Japanese ship.
i- Over 40.000 men from every walk of
la ife have been trained as shipbuilders
e. by the training department connect
e ed with the Hog island shipbuiiding
s plant at Philadelphia.
a The Norwegian social department is
e preparing proposals on the question of
e participation by workmen in the ad
d ministration and profits of commercial d
b and industrial undertakings.
r Canadian railway employees have
asked the Dominion labor appeal board
i- to grant them the same rates of pay F
e as are obtained by the employees of
e the Canadian government railways.
* The second Industry of importance
in Costa Rica is that of gold and sil
Sver mining on the Pacific slope. The
5 mines vary in size and give direct em
0 ployment to approximately 12,000 men.
Three munition firms in Leicester, a
Ilkeston and Nottingham and three at
Loughborough, England, are taking up a
e the manufacture of hosiery needles,
imported from Germany before the
t Becasuse of their honesty and faith
fulness, women conductors employed i
it by the New York Railways 'company
e will. be retained in their positions.
They have been earning from $25 to b
t $32 a week.
In I Lancashire, England, the major
ity of workers in the textile trade are
women, who also form a majority of p
the trade uilon membership and re
ceive the same rates of pay for the e
same work as men
A great number of Dutch workmen
who were recently discharged by the
Krupp gun works at ssen, Germany,
L have been reengaged and have re- a
turnal to the plant, where they are a
now busy constructing railway ma
terial. h
a New disorders have occurred in the L
s Buhr valley coal elds, in Weftph P
e Germany. Armed strikers attacked U
s* soldiers guarding two coal mines and
both properties were damaged. The a
10 strikers were finally compelled to r- A
is same work. ti
S APprolmately 100,000 soldIers, al f
Sors and monitien wrorkers will be as am
id slated ain learning trades and fnding 51
Semployment during the coming year
I by the Methodist Episeopal ehurch, u
according to plant announced by the ti
a Methodist eentenary committe. a
. Striking miners in the Daesseldor d
k. ermany) distrclet have fought a P
ri ltched battle with the soldiers pro- a
m tecting the mine, acerw n to reports
l reelved here. The encoumnter reslt- N
e e4t In several persons being killed and I
W manded before the troopms finally uPe
ly rinded and arrested the miners.
L strike of marine workers which
may involve 16,000 men was started i
whn sevemal hundred deckhands,
cots and firemen employed by light- 5
erae sad ferr companie, walked k
Sout According to Thomasu t. Dela- a
a haiy, chairman of the Marine Work
a- ers' AMllatlon, the strike was unarn- a
thomed, snce the demand of the men 4
for.an eight-heamr day and higher a
wag is now auer consideration by a
Sthe var labor board.
Cledead Semen decided to e- a
force the eight-hoar day provis~ l ap t
provey by voters In November, 1917, at
but mae put Inato eteet bepau of
lack E city fiances. As a conse P
u geued two-thirds of the ireman on a
Sduty b the various are stations a
' walked out at midanight, learlng the a
m other tlrd of the forta on duty. At P
Seight olock naext morning the night i
shift wat home and smother shift a
an'e a duty. Anomth er change ol
lowed a44 pm. 5.
e As a audlotof preciuttons taken by
- the milltry authorities the effort by h
Smaxrmallit agittas to inaugrate a 0
a genersi tIdke at Monterideo, Urn
* gusy, Iaitbeem abndned, acqordlng a
to the eapers.
. . Demand:r an edgt-hour workd a
he day has ab. presented to th mill b
rt owners by )I,000 texte employees In
SManchestei N. H. They ask that the 4
a new wor~ schedule be made eree
tive on -smt . the matter Is a
at espected toe tabn Into me legisla
u tr wLee tees is ikely ta be 0
Ssrod to tJ t~66tee
I- z1
Order Affects Telegraphers it ,a
Systems Under Govern- pe
ment Control. her
n sty
In Some Cases Ten Per Cent and in the
Others Five--Ford Company I
o Makes Minimum Day Wage h. "
of Six Dollars. s
Increased wages, effective at once, con
for employees of all departments of an
telegraph systems under government ho,
control, except employees at "nonfunl e- nho
0 tional" offices and messengers, were 11
announced by Postmaster General the
Burleson. Employees in service more 48
than a year and a half get an increase to
of 10 per cent, and those employed
less than a year and a half 5 per
Percentage increases will not apply ont
to premium rates or premium earn- en
Ings and are to be based on salaries lei
In effect now. The order provides that tea
no salaries shall be advanced to more w
t than $200 a month and that the In- we
crease shall not apply in cases or to
any extent where it would result in in
an increase of more than $35 a month iar
a since January 1 last. le:
a A new minimum wage scale of $6 a ens
day, a fiat increase of $1 a day
if for approximately 28,000 employees in
throughout the country, was an- Its
nounted by the Ford Motor company. wi
Employees of the Ford tractor inter- 8
ests also are included in the increase, 17
The new wage minimum became ef- "
i fective at once. Twenty-three thou
sand other employees of the Ford in
I terests already receive $6 or more a TC
day. Coincident with the announce
ment of the wage increase it was Or
made known that Henry Ford has
formally reelgned as president of the
y Ford Motor company and his son, Ed
eel Ford, has been elected to succeed
him at a salary of $150,000 a year. qu
L Santa Barbara (Cal.) plumbers are b
r, earning $T a day. the
it Fifty cents an hour is being paid for u,
P eommon labor in Pomeroy, O. po
* Railroads in South Dakota are em
e ploying women section hands. us
Over 6,000 men are temporarily idle TI
t in Buffalo, N. Y., due to the cancella- tel
tion of airplane contracts. fill
The London county'council has of- foi
fered 250 trade scholarships for boys the
between the ages of twelve and six- let
teen. be
On account of the inability to im- wI
i port tanning materials overseas, sev- an
eral Dutch tanneries have built small jol
. extracting plants at an expense of tri
about $10,000 each.
In Bridgeport, Conn., every female
» employee eighteen years of age or over I
receives 3 cents an bour, and in all ha
eases where women do the same work mt
e s men their pay is the same. bit
N The London Society of Compositors of
has granted the sum of $2,500 to the ev
e Labor War Memorial of Freedom and tel
Peace, in support of the scheme pro- St
d moted by the Trade Union congress. cal
id Wages to be paid wireless operators be
ie em American vessels eperated from tn
e. Atlantic and Gulf ports were fixed by lm
the shippnlag board at $110 a month Int
I- for ehlef operaters and $85 for assist- sh
a. ant operators, without bonuses or op
s sliding acales. ga
r The Northwestern National of Mil- th
h, wetkee not only will welcome the re- th
e tmrn oft Its unemployees who joined the s
solor, but also will retain the new em- th
ft ployees who have striven to fll their b
a places, aecordlng to Joseph HBaebl, see
a sod vice president.
S Thaousands of machinists from the
ta masleton (Pa.) shell plant of the
id Worthlaton corporation, who made
u may of the projectiles which hurowlried
the Boche out of France, will go
I abroad in February to aid the French
to rebtlld their ruined cities.
s. Frascls 3. Heney. counsel for the
t stock yards workers ina the wage het
i hg betes Federal Judge Alchuler,
a- annened at Chicago that 14 of the
- dllierneees between the employees
a- and employerrs had been settled. The N
a demands aeeded to by the packers
rl are prinpally in regard to workltg C
'y eonbdtleom. bl
The Boston Catral Labor union vot t
a. ed to instruct Mts secretary to write t
p. to the ocers eft tlhe Amerean Fede
7, aties of Labor and of afliated nlater- If
Snatiunal sunoms a*ing for their rsp
e. port ian a efrt to have laboring men d
a sad women over the eouantry prepare
as Ser a mneday strihe, it necessary, as
Sa plotmt agalat the wrlting of a
it pohibltion ameadment into the fed
t enal ecoestitution. The proposition
t was made by Jobshn J. Kernmey, bs
. Mes agent of the waiters' lnion, and a
state senatorlect.
y The strlke et the employees of the
y Milweakee blectric RaBlway and Light
a eempany lted only oe day. The
a- me were grated their demand for at
a incrase oet from 4% to 5 cent sa
our dring January pendling an e
ag ort to be made by a committee at
1 boarles mena to have the state rat
a way eommimsaon settle the eontrotver
a ) ever e mstt of asa lncreasme in
e stret ear ares. The companmy huas
s Imlatseriaed that tt oeeald not raise the
S y d t Its employms aout et its pree-e
e at nmearta The railrmod e6a n
Sem, howeve, decdlasmed tbt the eem
bvz en do tlhb.
Short Period in Which No Record da
American History Was Kept,
and the Reason.
Twdlve days in the history of Amer.
ica are Ilank, an exchange rema rks.
If you should try to learn what hap
pened in the Irhod! between Set en-l
her 3 and Septemlber 13, 1752, you will
find no records, for those dates (do not
exist. Under the old style calendar.
$eptember 2, 1752, fell on Wednesday.
S The next day the (;regorian or new
style calendar was adopted by Great
Britain and her American colonies, and
n the date set forward to September 14.
Up to this time the Julian calendar
had been followed by the English
speaking world. As reformlnl by Julius
Caesar in 46 H. C. it male the year
consist of 3(63 days and six h ,urs, with
,an extra day added to February each
it fourth year to account for the six
Ihours. This was the most accurate
('ae lendar year yet devised, but it was
al 11 minutes and 14 seconds longer thann
the true solar year of 36t; days. 3 Ihllors,
48 minutes and 46 secoIns, anontllling
; to a day in 124 years.
Popi e Gregory XIII corrected this
Saout 13S'2 by dropping ten dlays from
the calendar and ordaining that on the
one hundredth year in three out of
every four centuries the extra day for
s leap year should not Ihe counted. Six
teen hundred was a leap year and -15)
e will be one, hut 17110, 18 :tand 1N00
were not. Even this calendar is 3:
seconds too fast, amounting to a year
n in 3,323 years, so when 4HJK) conies
around it will have to be robbed of its
leap year day to correct this differ
a ence.
The Gregorian calendar was adopted
in Catholic countries, including France,
Italy, Spain and Portugal, la 1382. and
' within a short time by the Germanst,
r- Swiss and Hungarians, but not until
e, 1752 by England and her great colonial
is Ordinary Wire Screen Declared to Be
as the Best Backing That Can
to Be Employed.
Id The electrician is frequently re
quired, in the Installation of wires in
finished buildings, to cut holes here
and there through the plastered walls
or ceilings. Before these holes can be
replastered some sort of backing must
be put in which will take the place of
the lath. The majority of men make
) use of old rags or paper for this pur
I- The writer, in replastering holes
uses a hacking of ordinary wire screen.
I6 The wire should be cut about one-quar
a- ter Inch larger than the hole to be
filled, and when pressed into it will be
f- found to make a good, stiff backing, as
rs the edges hold It firmly in place. Far
K- less plaster will be necessary with this
backing than with the others, which
a. will cover the cost of the wire screen,
v- and a more workmanlike and durable
il job is obtained.-W. F. Perry, in Elee
)f tric World.
le Protection for Birds.
ar Some twenty states of the Union
II have provided bird sanctuaries, or
k laws for the protection of migratory
birds on their long flights in search
re of feeding places. The matter has
a even been made the subject of an In
Id ternational treaty between the United
o- States and Canada affecting practi
cally all birds that regularly migrate
rs between the two countries. The
a treaty provides, In effect, that no bird
py important to agriculture because of
th insect-destroying proclivities shall be
. shot at any time. Second, that no
a epa game season on any species of
game shall extend for a longer period
.- than 83 months. Third, that both
e the countries shall so restrict open
is seasons on game birds as to prevent
. them from being taken during the
ir breeding season.
Noahs Ark In China.
a A rlous Chinese picture is of great
antlquity, and is supposed to tepre
sent Neah's ark on the top of Mount
Ararat As is well known, the re
Siglous literature of almost every na
Stlon aqd race contains an account of a
deluge, but a Chinese manuscrlpt re
acently unearthed follows very closely
'" the story as recorded in the Bible.
S It is particulaarly Interesting in that
Sthe roof of the Chinese ark is of the
gable variety associated with the
SNoah's arks which prove such enter.
" talning toys for our youngsters. The
g Chinese picture, however, shows a dou
ble-storied vessel, and, so far from
" there being only one window in the
Sroof, there are windows in every poe
aslble space. It would be interesting
' if some Chinese scholar or antiquarian
P could discover the exact date of the
S Litsenrturrs Beginning in America,
S The North American Review was e*
Stablished in 1815; Bryant's "Thana
m topsis" was published in 1817; and
a when the good-natured Monroe, after
a presidency that was called "the era
of good feeling," went out of office, al
bt though Whittier was still a boy on
his father's farm, and Longfellow and
Hawthorne were still undergraduates
Sat Bowdoin college, and Emerson was
s till a country schoolteacher, Amerl
can literature was born. The thing
was settled.-Thomas Wentworth
,, Her French.
h "I enjoyed youear husband's liInl
so much. He is always chamng Isa't
"Ye: I te :Il he Io quite a u ehit
Sure, He lI.
Mrs. Onbbnalt-What cnu'ed the
trouble between thr. Meek.ys?
Mrs. Gadabout-Ills wife called him
a beast.
"Mrs. Ghbba!ot-What! C:alhd that I
poor, mild-mannered little m in a
Mrs. Gadatnout-Sure; she meant he I
was a beast of burden. i
Everybody's Doin' It.
"Well, things look ,pr'tty faverahle
for the allies, don't you think s7'" ask
ed the well-met feller. D
"Personally, I do," responded the
cautious citizen, "but I do not like to
express myself positively till I get a
chance to discuss the situation with Hig
the Janitor, the office boy and the ate'
nographer." Our
Leading Up to Sentiment.
"What is your favorite poem?" ask.
ed the young man.
"'Gray's Elegy,'" replied the young
"Is it-er--that is to say-do you
recite it?" Be
"No. I just said that to fool you, war
You thought I was going to mention FI
'Omar Khayyam' so that you could
lead up to that 'book of verse, jug and U
loaft stanza."
A Reformed Slacker. Al
"Which have you been doing?" ask offe
ad Meandering Mike; "working o sto
ighting7" te
"I dunno," replied Plodding Petel a
"when I fight Im so busy It's de same also
as work an' when I work rm so mad W
dat it seems jes' de same as fightian'." resi
arold-Of aourse I know that I a
totally unworthy of you
Myrtle-Ah I how happy we should
I be if you and father agreed on all
f points as you do on this one.
The Teet.
f ea thought her face was very fair:
SHer me thought Jansit's beauty reag
lire took a crowded car one day-
had had to stand up all the way.
In the Cannibal islands.
"I hear our friend had an attack of
cte Indigestio when when he bolted the
"Yes, the missionary stuck in his
throat, he said; another case of a good
man gone wrong."
atmson made a tunny mistakte by
l'ag license."
"Not so much of a mistake. I he
Smarries that woman, she'l lead him
a dotg's life."
e IO A Strangle Hold.
' "You know Al Strong, the wrest.
"ge: whb t about him? -l
Well, he's lost a the hampionship,
* "You don't sayT"
e Ytes, his girl threw him dowln t.
Sartoons Magazine.
n AA ondnees
' are you fond of music a I
"Yes," replied Mr. Cumrox. "But
isome of the alleged high art demoan
istrations my wife drag me to hear
p. make me feel as itf my affections were
. beimag triled with."
Standing By.
Do you thin your constituents wifi
1. sasd by you?"
S"That l what at desire," replied
d Senatmor Sorghm. "oo many of them
-, are showing symptoms of becomiang
Sdiaterested bystanders."
Im sue Preef.
, He-TYou are cragy about mbarga as
.ild yqa ever really get a cheap thing? H
l She-Sure I did, when I _a
U, 'The Safest Way.
ft i' Cle,'k-.Can't I sell yue a burglar
i-' JonesNo, thanks! It a burglar
: calm I r sner to remaeo asleep.
. -1 K h , , . h .d a
S(',-liar-. t'ff: an - . hi't. in a «
tfý+n ar+l t ie 'l:t ht.
Laundry,  ,a and.
New Orleans, La.
Largest Packers in the world of
High-Grade Canned Goods. Oy.ters
Shrimp. Okra and Figs.
Our Goods Sold Eby Wholesale Grocers
the World Over
Make Your Home
Be wise and save your old furniture-do
not destroy it, as you will help win the
Upholstering Club Plain
(Wide Selection of Materials.)
At the request of numerous customers.
we have decided to continue this bargain
offer during the moving season. We will
store furniture free of charge through
therenting season.
Get your order in now; and you will be
a member of this club for all future work
We send our men to do the work at your
residence if desired. Phone, write of call
Established 164.
Main 347. 802 Camp, Near Julia.
Present this coupon to our office.
Ice Cream
Made from the Finest
Products Obtainable.
1300 Dryade St.
,hPhu Jackson
anufacturers of
'Larp Stock of Dry Gypriss
(Oppoelte New Orleans)
Cable Address:

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