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Rio in Its Valleys Among Towering Peaks. (Prepared by the National Geographic Society. Washington. D. C.) Just as the United States celebrated with an exposition in 1876 the coinple tion dof the first century of its inde pendence, so Brazil will celebrate next September her first centenary as a na tion by means of a great world fair in Rio de Janeiro. It is an occasion and a ceremony which the people of the United States are particularly well fitted t, under stand and appreciate. In a number of ways Brazil stands where the United States stood l46 years ago, though in many others, of course, this neighborl to the south, equipped with modern plachlnery and assisted by modern methods, is fur in advance of the United States of 1876. Brazil is mtuch more than "one of the South American republics." In area it is in a cl;ass with the United States. Its flag floats over plractic:lly one-half of South America and ,nt fifth of the western hemisphere. IR'av ing Alaska out of consideration, I:razil Is uctually -00,N)00 square miles great er than the United States! It has boundaries of greater or less length in common with every other country In south America except Ecuador and Chile. The land boundary of Brazil. following all the twistings of rivers and( mountain ranges, is prol,;nly not far from 10t,01 miles long, and thlere is a coastline of G.(W00 miles as well. The largest river in the world, trenmndous potential water power, and huge de posits of minerals are among siomne of the other physical features that mark Brazil out for big things. It is particularly in tihe possession of vast, undeveloped resources that Brazil is comparable to the United States of half a century ago. It too, has its West; but it is a West strik ingly different from the plains country of central North America. The eqa tor crosses northern Brazil, and more than nine-tenths of the huge country laes within the tropics. Brazil's West saslasts for the most pargof a dense tropical forest--A veritable ocean of verdure-rich in hard woods and rub ber trees. Into this largely undevel oped country stretches the broad Ama - so and its tributaries up which ocean Veasels steam for 1,000 miles-as though ocean steamers in our own Country could steam tip the Mississippi an+l Ohio past Cincinnati. River steamers ascend the main streams for another 1.000 miles and run up nu merous tributaries for several hun dred miles. The possession of this great Amazon waterway and its net work of tributaries greatly cheapens transportation In Brazil in comparison with a country In which dependence * must be placed largely on railroads. Heart of Brazil is Southeast. In addition to its northern forests, Brazil has a prairie country in its "Middle West"-the south central p~r tion of the country lying north of Par . aguay and extending northward into the hill country. Large herds of cat tie are grazed and there is room for great expansion of the industry. The southeastern edge of Brazil, pa adozlcally, is the heart of the coun try. The white population, numbering probably between 9,000,000 and 10,000. 000 Is largely coecentrated in the re gion ef temperate climate in the south era coastal highiands which extend in land 200 to 800 miles. This region in eludes the southeasternmost states of Rio Grande do Sol, Santa Catharina. Parana, Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Es peirto Santo and Minas Geraes. Northward along the coast is Brazil's "black belt," where negro ex-slaves and descendants are more numerous elsewhere in the country. Inland the Indla, mary of them uncivr basil's tomperate region along the Seath Atlatle coast is the region to whkch m ~afhcturag enterprise Is Slagely esaned, Just as It was to our Sow Nerth Atlanti coast a half cm Soly ape. As yet meatheturlag plays e-ty - ualaportant part In the eouan itrvt Wn, but Stetile 'htoriss, tea - sis da meat pckl g plants, as we arious ether lndstrial estab hmes are en the increase. This puuC of barl's map is peppered Wb dIs gag toaw and is covered t a dtse twerk eof rilroade. It ia a itM elmetlesaly delignhtl re gia o Al that I developed the Semerys em itayt--mobae aow i g Theag t eqi~re miles are an" adr h th e .eorber tra e which a e braull t breemest cilee pr - , co8 t b~ world. eg Shvdtut Sas a s ele ami , ta me mpa h omslvm U to et hom ptr, un sp a Ie wit th aeir ble eed e a is nrb a teab dhet at a sm e Brazil is not backward In railroad construction, having 20,tLK miles of track. Yet so vast is the country that railway construction seems barely be gun. Brazil has yet to build its trans continental lines. With a single ex ception the railroads are confined to a belt along the coast from 350 to 4.50 miles deep. The exception is the road extending frotm the port of Santos 100 miles westward to Porto Esperanca on the 'araguay' river. Rio de Janeiro, capital of Brazil. In which the exposition celebrating the centenary of Brazilian independence is to be held. has a population between a million and a million and a half. and is ther-fore one of the greatest of clt ies. It shares roughly with Vienna. tilsaka, l'ekin. llankuw and Calcuttt4 the rank of tenth city of the world. In Soluth America it is surpl,:ssed in sil only by BHu-,nos Aires. Set in a series of valleys. I,:cked and all but encir cled by m ,ountain-like hills .lad in a riot of troplicall vegetation, and with a nmarnitieent hatrbor at its foi-t. Itio dle .Janeiri is one of the mnst leautti full-mallny travelers assert the to st leautiful--sof the cities of the world. Man's hand has hell-,d nature in brinz ing about tlhis iheuty. IBr,:ad boule vlardls rill the deep crescents of thite harbor and the rouigh. picturesque ad joining (',:st: one of the most famllous a,' bo:tanical garldens has been cr-ated; and avennle ;ire lined ly towering palms, while stately buildings are set in spacious parks. "As multicolored and valred in beauty as the butterflies of the trop Ics" is the chutraeterization of (.ne re cent visitor to the metropolls of Bra zil. "In splendor of hue and setting. this great city of the South is un rivaled the world over. lHere granite peak and turquoitse sea, troplic forest and rainbow-tinted town, meet and harmonize. "This 'ity of lure terraces up from a glorious hay-the Bay of Guanahara. mountain-encircled, Isle-bejeweled. From the shore, where parks and boulevards are fast crowding out the old Rio of narrow streets, rise forested hills on whose slopes the lovelier por tion of the city lies." Rio Seen From the Mountains. To see Rio at its best and loveliest one must go to these mountains that tower over the city. Turning bayward, one looks down, through a frame of tangled vines and branches, onto the tree-tops of the sloping virgin forest. Far below, set in verdure, gleams the kaleidoscopic city, with Its crescent shores. , In numerous crescents the creaming sea meets the beaches Formosa, Santa Luzia, Laps, Gloria. Flamingo, Botafogo. Vernmelha. The bay, set tn its amphitheater of hills, sparkles like a sapphire. To and fro among the ships at anchor ply the busy paddle-wheel ferry-boats to the islands and to Nictheroy, the little sister city across the way. In the dis tance tower the blue spires of the softy Organ mountains. Oceanward one looks down on titanic granite mountains rising rheer from the sea. There is bulky blaby loita, and flat-topped Gaves, like a great sail unfurled. Between them lie Rio's suburban beaches-Lerne Cap acabana, Ipanema, Lebloe-tn a glistening chain, their white villas nestling between hill and shore. The Avenida Atlantlc,, which connects them, Is equaled only by boulevards along the Mediterranean. One can motor from the city to these beaches and on to Gaves over a new road cut in the rock high above the sea, climb to the divide at Tijuca. and drop down, on the bay side of the range, to his starting place In the city -a wonder circuit of forty miles or more. Avenida Rio Grande, Rio's finest thoroughfare was "hand made" after the city had attained practically its present extent. In 1904 it was decided to carre this great modern avene ouat of the city, over 000 homes being se The avrena more tha a mile i elagth and so wide that it cosilts of two distinct boulevards separated by a rww of shade trees, is thronged day and nalght with automoble The sidewalks, the widest the traveler is likely to Sad in all his world travels, are of black-and-whlte stonesa laid la moswele designlu, Ulke thne la vogue la IUsbom. Beth stoas ad workmen were brought from Portal. buhot similar pavements, cea stracted later in other parts oa the city, are "home madei" through the thoray wildernes, whle must be alin trodden a selm , with bleeding feet, with sols for help, as 1 was troddela by them e old time. eBrep ast. Uml Long weelul teah. the egmt tes I rer baew, says ~~·ser~ The KITCHEN CABINET cudl....: ._. \'-rl : ,; r l IL tLuL. ('," I:,.I(', , al.:--"'i !t C:. if, 1f'xl'odl - I! I " 1 t".t ýQ .. 1, v a l ls WAYS WITH SPINACH AND OTHER DISHES To Prepare Bohemian Spinach. T:kI, '- x -: 'ii,- ,1 l, , ' ,, t r , fourths If :1 ,"lf111l ,'f cookePd 1 0 .3-1. :it.-hitif ten 'li (i :.I" of -altt. two :.' tl,: rtI1t'i of a ý. " "' 1 1lf ,.ulpful of bread r !,h ('in! thrl i, -hlihes ..- :" 1 t intthbl of six S r:I e l in' t. ('lp the spiln li', :i11 thei salt. littl er, I latl n e $ .s. m ilk a l t e rulm lt . P o u r Ipart iof 1tI. ll tilltr into the raltiekillns iil hake untiil firmin. erve turnedl out in i hot pllitter. If the alion Is not suffiilen'ltly i.,klied turn the iiholds on a anking dish fur a few minutes in a hot ovein. Spinach and Stufftd Pimentoes. Arrange six linlentoes In well grease.d ramekin dishes. Take one anid one-half cupfuls of spinach, two tallleslsonlfuls of lemon juice, one-half teasl9limltul of salt. otne egg, one-half teaspoonful of nutmeg, two tablespoon fuls of butter and one-half cupful of bread cruilbs. Mix the stuffing and fill the Ieliliers, cover with buttered crumbs and Ilke twenty minutes In a hot iovenl. Serve on a platter. Spinach and Noodles.-Take one and one-half cupfuls of cooked noodles, one a:nd one-half cupfuls of cooked chopped splinch. aons cupliful of grated (lieese, olle te:lsllunful of salt, one fourth of a tea el,*tllful oif lpepper and -,lie cupfuil of imilk. Put alternate layers of spiiiichi alid inotodlers in a greased blnking dish, splrinkle chlteese atitl svt-ilsonits over eachti lavyer nd top with niisiles. Pour aver the uilk atidl llltkt fil-rtv-tiv- unlilites. Spinach Croquettes.-T'lake olne culp ful eacth ,tf choleilIt, h:al and spinaclh, tint' t:leh slot,n, f:ll of pl't'lirt('1 i musta:rd, ,onel-lalf tculpfli of Ihoil,'d rite, one egg yolk. toli-fiurtih of a cu'lfill f splntl; ch sItNk. Mix t11l it.' itigti llilllus tigethli. er a14d tiistcn' with the stol'k. Shape into crti.ttla -. dip I g i rn e itaus and fry tl',wit. Sterve willh ttilllatt, sauce. In usnila to'rntstarch ilstteli of flout for a ft nit siatn- use tlire-fiurths rf ai talhle , lo nlfilll to o ie if butter, as cortl-start h:as a greater thleken Ill quality than flour. All ipulding St acets art iltrilrvel liv the tadlditihn of a littl Iutter after the sauce IA cooked. Fliavor as desiretl. One thtnr remember. Think strongl. If you think you "can't" and you say you "',a:'t" your family will repeat it, your friends will accept it, other peo ple will believe It and thte tirst thing you Know you "c·an't." A FEW CHOICE DISHES The avocado or alligator pear is a frult most delicious and becoming Illore common, ur it is now grown in mlany of the southern states. The avocudo is a natural com bination of flult and oil. It hat not had enough study put upon it, as it Is mostly grown, or hat: been, In the tropics. The Cuban people take it in preference to all other fruits of their abundtnt sup ply. This is largely due to its deli cious ilatvr. but long experdence hanl given a knowledge of its beneficial ef fects. EconolPsts are considering the po.a albilitles of the avocado as a substl* tute for animnul products. In the Unl:ed States It is popularly used as a salrd. Served with lemon juice it Is esplecially good, although It is usunllly served with an equal quann tity of othler Ingredllents. Mexican Calad.-eel and dice as much fruit as desired, using two parts of fruit to ore ;part of Bermuda onion chopped fine, and one small sweet pep per, also chopped. SeasonM with salt. pepper and vinegar and let stand two hours before serving. Raspberry Whip.-Take one cupful of conned raspberries, two to four tablesponfuls of powdered sugar, one hallf pint of cream and two egg whitee. Whip the cream, then whip the egg whItes and combine the two. Stir in the raspberries and sugar. The fresh berries are an Improvement on the canned, but thie latter are very good. Fresh raspberries may be mashed and mixed with an equal bulk of suganr and canned without cooking. Such pre serves are dellclons for a dish like the above. Coffee Jelly.-Take one-fourth of a box of gelatin; soak fifteen minuta in one-fourthn of a cupful of cold water. Poor over this one cupful of boilIng coffee and two tablespoonfuls of nsgar. Strain and pour Into four molds, When partly cold add four nuts mely I chopped. Serve with whipped crs,al using one-third of a cupful. OGeraish with half of a walnut or blanched almond. Chicken With Rice.--Cat the breast of a cooked chleken into thin alee,, place on a platter and heat until very hot. Surround with hot boiled rtie and pour a rich white sanee over and around the rice. Add egg to the white sace and sprlakle with paprika. BuddhIst Ideas of Marriage. According to the Buddhist faith, the marriage tie contracMted In this world will carry over to the next. When I circmstances prevent a marrliagpe in this world, many Japanee en mad women commit slelde ina the hope et a hapW mearried Ul i the world to - m e ame ia WOMAN GANGSTER SENT TO PRISON Underworld Charactcr of Kansas City, Mo.. Shrered il Killing of N.cn. WAS WELL EDUCATED Mattle Howard Broken Hearted When Lover Is Shct to Dca:h While Rob bing Bank-Laughs as She is Led Away to Cell. K anl i :: l Iit . . . 'r - ,n d o ,r 10,-,.l r,....t.t!.v ,i: ih . w , II,,:,"r_ mhcT t1Ioo t I' ll11 "..l il ' %%4't:1 ,n llt" ipl l l. ltai. " w o r ld ill 1 1. " h i- !, ,r I li s-,i-- ( 11 . [ i-cid i% 1 or i tilit .';I h l! 1 h. 't. r - lunisls i.t fi' " the ,iath ,f a ii dozin ment. ianl wa1s hi-rsi-lf l liadi:itedid il rectly in :i I~ci~lt oneil killin . tior it wias for thli- .crime that she w i iiih prisotied. Sle lllppears to ble a tI ls nmllrre comtl nmotly aiet 1in the "uIn' ie." than in real life. It wais I I'll(;hi l thait she burst IuponI the unllderworld of Kanisus aty. It is said that she had relspect able parents and u a. well edu'catedl, especial cire being given to the de veloplmenlt of her vaice which applr ently wal solletllling out of the ordl nary. She was strikingly hlllandsome, a brilliant blonllde. with slate-blue eyes which won for her the title, "girl with the agate eyes." Loved a Gangster. Mattle IIownrd presently took up with Albeart l'agle, a rising young ganugstier who was IIust attrialhting the attentlion oi f thlie police'. Thouiiigh shel tooiik uip with Inliny tien in the courset of helr eareer, there is ano doilitlllt that the inftuati oniii for Pl'ei' was t!he LtiIi ing ihlpilse of her life. For i .aar the lovers lived toagether andi thn li'-teh -was a rr,-seill- andl s'intt'Inc'Il to five years for hilaiway ri-liry. Iatttle' avni s left hbrokn.ha,:lrtt'l hut be :lan l1:lTltiithiL wa ysil ti r i-0 ii-iiey to s,-eara hlis relelt-e. Shel f tormed iil lintai-se tirt ith lone t'rooi k :ii I thi' with aiiothler. idl all %ere 1illiil or arrest-l w\-hile h,1T',lin. her riai'e moniiiiiey by uitlps or iither lin, iina. Lover Shot After Holdup. 1Vith all thisi. ,iii , -heIl Malit e wa Sb still w ithout the t ney 1i'" h:it t w nili lprocuiire i';-le's rel.i- ,-- . but .igood te havior haiil i-ill ilito n a his intli llici at t he was ri'li;-ctas l ore aivy tanal re- red. to hier. Threei wia.ks lateir. lhe. tioo, was dead. ie waas shot and ihlidil froma: wounds iafther he had killed tlhei (aiiter of a ba;iuk hit was trying toi rob. I:lttle was lhIs e'oaipanhioin lll this fatual enter prise. Ilnd its tragie endinn g broke her heart. She organized the finest funeral the tundlerworlld hall ever seen. The roottin was bainked witlh Ilowers. she chose the pallhearers frtuliln amolng the more illustrious thugs of the city. selected the Bibllcal text for the funeral ser mon, and herself saud the alppropriat" Sang the Appropriate Hymns hymns. A few days later site was a_ rested, tried for the killing of a dia mond broker years before, and sen tenced to 12 years in the penitentiary. 8he laughed and sang as she was led away. Pagle was dead, so the prison held no terror for her. DOG BITE KILLS BOY AGED 5 Pastewur Treatment Falls to Prevent Hydrophoblia in Cae of 8t. Loulis Tot. St. Louis, Mo.--Le Roy Fail Kohl. hauff, flve-yemr-old son of Mr. and lMrs. Harry R. Koblhauff, died after having been bitten on the face by a neighbor's dogl atted with hydrophobhla. The dog, which Is said to have bit. ten eeral other chlidren. died a week ago under observatlon. The child r' celved Pasteur treatment. Raineoat 8tops Suleide by Drewnilng. Rochester. N. Y.-A heavy rainncoat and a silk waist saved the life of Mrs. Mary Alexander. flifty years old. of Rocheeter, when she attempted to drownm herself by leaping Ilnto Lake Ontario. The garments Iuffea out like balloons and kept the woma maoet, rescuers said. Alleged Lynchers Held for Murder. Texarkana. Ark.--Five men have been arrested mud chargled with maw der In connctlman with the lynching of Haley Owela, colored. ()Owens was beleed to have ben the slayer oat a Sas Sas Seat, Kled Him. C (ImIm..tbm tbtm owf. fe. " ' I Wi!d Cat in Hen Coop S s Ki :cd Af r Battle :' , , · ' , . , • , , ,' , . , ' 1 I . ,, S'.. : . , : ,. , , '. I II 'I / S" I " .. I: ii , -'..": l SEIZE YOUTH AFTER MYSTERIOUS FIRES Dismissed From College Follow ing Unusual Blazes-Another Starts in His Home. ANew York. N. Y.-The smoke of the mysterious tires at Trinity college in Ilartford, ('cnn.. has tralledd ("eorge Mulligan all the way to his hone in Bergeifield, N. J. After the seventh l uthorities on the tw'hulnt ha+rge of I Then there was i very queer fire Il tired. George, as If ware y a pe and diecooted the blaze shut up Io the kitchen Blaset. He arusKitchen Clos fire at ther, James F. Mulliglan the taxr cllector, hitis mon ther and his brother of Charles. After the fire had been put out with the gullirden hose and the fire depart-e met, Fire Chie, as if William y ape pnder took to ascertain the cuseof theis frllector, his mopainstwere and hig. Ther Charles o Af ter the fire thad bee that ihply the garcloset, no electrice ires and there Chief of Police Cn was equallyer ntook to anpluscerd. The the awoe ofi tohe hcounsel together and reached the de fcshu that the Mnuigent was hardly worth making a ,s other aniboul Ther there it is likely to heen t d. George enjoys the reputation in Ber thgenled pr ehing a pire ty bright youneg man studious and quietl. Hisee I fa ther is confent he had nothing toly do wioth nthe fire.lcrcwe lecord Every Move of Pilot aind SMachine; Will Fix Man't Ability. and Technique. Wanuhngton.-TDevtces to o heck tp on both airplanes and aviators while oin flight making possthle a detailed record of every move the pilot made In controlling his machine, have been worked out by experts of the nautnms, it wau announced. Valuable iscientifle data In expected to be wtthered through these ree.rds. A tih of retordin devices to chmakes up te systemh a the recor and avbeing made owhile in photographking film.posihe a detailed mrecord of "reverl forve the firslot ntime in coin testroing hinew types of averpla beend for determiningd out y experts of the ability nd nationehalque advisory committee for te Muneutich-, Redt was announced.nks waved b national scientific dan the path ofed to be of gathered thrormgh these only ru ddent of the ssystemt of the prreord being madent to Manoh. egept fior olea. al h The result" the streetscommittee's tts he e-. play ont sd "reveal fhot taken ofrst timhe repub Sformer crl methoary of secwar, int a seasidenorm aresd fort a determining the ability o.d Unablve ato Ply Horn, ug Tnks forat e. b natiKeesport, ca.-ltr In the path of Ponsildnt, which left him oable nto pone i dent of the visit of the presidenat for Miatch. except for occasional hissing, ea along the streets as he passed. p play Hn a snapshot taken of the repub lic's chief executive and G astv Noske. Iformer secretary of war t a seaside l Mcee port, Pa-emovaI of hi IIthe ornet. il the asis of the sit for K -W Ih heh hi. Rl nW mi Just ... a Little&-: HARidONIOUS CONSISTEFNCY \V L s .t L- the nu+a :,lih f Little ':iri- if I , as a tea.; her . *'I , '., it l I . . __ " ' f:i t't i. n i I drt. hiti U 'ao:.. . If She Were Teacher. manke evert ,ly ,behave. Aunty--llow would you arueId)lilh that? Little Girl--Very ensily. When girls was bad I'd tell them they didn't loki pretty; and when little boys was Iad I'd make them sit with the girls; atla' " when big boys was had I wouldn't let them sit with the girls. Taking His Time! * He-C-c-can you g-g-get IB--Bright on for m-me oil the telephone., p-please? And how m-much will It b-be? She-Fifty miles-18 pence for three minutes. "W-would there h-he a red-d-duction for m-me, d-do you th.think?-Londoo Answers. * Made in U. S. A. * Aqelatnrt-Is this a Persian or a Tnrkli'h rua? St-reket.eler-Who has been asking " abhut it? A-l\i-tant-A lady who wants a , [Per-inh ru.g. Slh.lk.*e.'~er-WV'hy. of enhorre. it's a . er]'a*man rug-tell her that it's very " .rarre. A Convenient Affliction. "IT' dalt so!aiathin.: ftr that cough if " I were you. o(l ia:in." "'Thnt c(utlTh, ny dealr hay. is illli- * ler.alle'. VWhenever a life insurance " ageRtt calls to see we I turn It on and a al:rlt tes."-I-,tstaan Evening Trun- e s.'rilt. a gi SOME CONSOLATION "Am I the first man you ever kissed?" "You're among the first." About Troubles. Troubles come. Right well I knowl But remember Trouble, go. in the Agrarian Bloc. "What has been your previous bual ness experience?" "As field manager." "For whomnl ?" "For Farnmer SI Cortatonael. just out side of town. I alainnllaed his hield hands for him two ulmmers handl run nlng."-Farm .Life. Hard to Believe. "The gentlhnien of the lury gronned aloud when the fair plintilff told how she had Iwen pursued day and night by the defendant." "I noticed that, but an elderly spinster on the jury snrffled." "Naturally she'd he from Missouri." -Birmingham Age-fterald. Authenticated. "I never supposed that the stories of girls' enormous appetites for Ice cream were true until the other night." "Indleed! What convinced you" "The arithmetic. It distinctly says that one gal is equal to four quarts." Keepling Down Expenses. "I see King George is trying hard to keep withIn his $15,000,000 allow ance." "I know just what he Is up against." Considerate C MlstresBridget, six people are coming for dinner tonight. Cook-Will yes be able to cook for that many.--Llfe. Negligible Qualities. "Do you believe that spirits come beck to this earth?" "I doon't see why they should do so." replied Senator Sorlhum. "They don't need money and they haven't any votes." e That Settles It "I have bad news for you, Clar ence." "So?" "Yes. I visited a fortune teller's this afternoon, and she told me that I am going to marry a handsome man." Repetitive. Pinker-I think that Reginald is a four-flusher. Tnn-a-Well, I know that be's a see oad-story man. "You don't say so!" "Yes; he hIas never told an original Se 1ad Themn AiL 9Mr l es a peer wife bed sene Chappedhai and faces bother. MENTHOl Eoothes and hea chaps and chilbjj quickly and gently Sant Some Advertise for it in these column is * . S W wE DO 1P SEIT Wa' so daintily that la mat ra * they Iuok eve, bettr tharl Snew. Don't injure the Ih0 * least, either. No matter bhe r delicate or filmy the aai * * laundry work sends thm ltt " to you as good or bloat 1W f '. 0 American-Createst S Laundry S Julia and Magales MMn lappal eor thse teoroe o fo thil ha every is ou sle dhe beunpam commany. Ma. Tel hee have ro sel • Nlo Ofll r . Dyt·rs hrinep our nssan u • M. Abra0c0 n r eue0.o Iu SW hv t dha Pure Drag -- - --rr * , te lo keveubus *a ' Come Lnand pay d Dr. B.