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The herald. (New Orleans, La.) 1905-1953, September 28, 1922, Image 10

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Sarawak Native With Knives With Which Fignting Cocks Are Armed.
(Prepared by the National Geographic
Society. Washington. D. C.)
A country such as might have been
the creation of the imagination of a
Rider Haggard is Sarawak, on the
island of Borneo-the land of the
white rajahs. There. In a territory
larger than Ohio, an English heredi
tary rajah rules over a population of
600,000 Malays, Dayaks and Kayans,
with a sprinkling of Chinese and other
Far Eastern peoples. And he rules
in an exceedingly common sense way.
Three rajahs of an English family
named Brooke have ruled over Sara
wak since 1839-uncle, nephew and
the son of the latter. It has been the
aim of each, as the first rajah stated
it, "to rule for the people and with the
people, and to teach them the rights
of freemen under the restraints of
government." Hiarnmful customs, such
as head-hunting, have been discouraged
or prohibited, but not one of their
harmless activities, however bizarre to
the western mind. has been interfered
with. And though tile white rajuhs
have endeavored to develop trade, they
have set their faces resolutely against
anything that smacked of the exploita
tion of their people by either Euro
peans or Asiatics.
The Sarawak jungle. Inhabited by
what westerners would call "savages."
is better protected than many forests
of the United States. The jeluton
tree, for example, yields a valuable
gum, but is easily killed if improperly
tapped. Inspectors have been ap
pointed by the government to insure
the proper handling of this important
natural resourc'. Even butterilies
and the counltry is the home of some
of the most beautiful of these insects
-are protected by the Sarawak game
The history of the white rajahs of
Sarawak began in 1839. At that time
the Dutch occupied the southern por
tion of Borneo. while the northern part
of the island was nomlnally under the
rule of the Sultan of Brunel.
Once Ruled by Brunei.
Many years before. Brunei had been
one of the strongest kingdoms of the
Malayan archipelago. Its sultans had
conquered a large part of Borneo, as
well as several of the southern Islands
of the Philippines. industry was en
couraged and an extensive trade with
China was developed. But luxury and
corruption had done their work until
there remained only a degenerate sul
tan, with a retinue of licentious Malay
an nobles, whose sole occupation was
to rob the people in order to cater to
the pleasures of their master.
The sultan's capital was, and re
mains today, the town of Brunei. about
200 miles from the northern extremity
of Borneo.
In the days of Its glory, when the
surrounding hills were covered with
pepper gardens and wealthy merchants
came in annually in fleets of Junks laden
with the riches of China, the town
Pmay have merited in some degree its
appellation of the Venice of the East;
but for the past century It has been
nothing more than a few score of small
wooden houses built on plies on a
muddy hank which Is hare at losw tide.
exposing an accumulation of refuse
from which a stench arises that is .t
aovelty even to one who has become
accustomed to the varied odors of the
Sarawak was inhabited chiefly by
Malays, Land Dayake and ('hinese. atnd
bhad, at times, been Independent under
Malay rulers; but In 1839 Its govern
ment was In the hands of a vassal of
the sultan, the Rajah Muda Hasim.
weak and incompetent, but apparently
an amiable man, not entirely devoid
of humanitarian instincts: for he did.
an one occasion, avail himself of an
apportunity to render timely assistance
to some shipwrecked English sailors.
This event was the cause of James
rooke's first visit to Sarawak. which
Facts About the Hair
Curly hair is fiat. Vain possessore
at such hair are apt to bristle with
resentment at this bit of Information,
but without cause, for the ambiguous
adjective refers to cross-sectional
shape, and not to taste. smell or ar
tistlic effect. Each kinky hair of the
negro is as fiat as a ribbon. else It
would not be clpable of coiling Ilke a
watch-sering. Each hair of a perlam
gaiLtless of earl Is as round as a
led to his great work there and the
establishment of the white rajahs.
Advent of the Brookes.
This action of the rajah was so un
usual that the governor of Singapore
and the Singapore chamber of com
merce resolved to recognize his gener
osity by sending presents and a letter
of thanks. James Brooke, the son of
Thomas Brooke of the East India com
pany's civil service, was chosen to car
ry out this mission. He sailed from
Singapore in July, surveyed parts of
the coast of what was destined to be
come his domain, finding its position
so much in error that he was "obliged
to clip some hundreds of miles of hab
Itable land off th,. charts."
On the 15th of August he anchored
in the Sarawak river, at the town of
Kuching, where he was well received
by llaslnm. After six weeks he de
parted, greatly to the regret of Hasim.
wvlhoe confiidence he had won.
Mr. Blrooke aguin sailed fr, om Singa
pore on Augrust 18. 1840. for Manila.
Intendinic to pay only a short visit to
lfasimt on the way; but he found his
former friend distracted by rebelllon
in his country, which lie was powerless
to control. The visitor reluctantly con
sented to give assistance in restoring
In return for this service, Hasim
agreed to give Mr. Brookle the govern
tnnlit and trade of Sarawak. with the
title of Rajah; for liasilm, who was
heir presumptive to the throne of lnru
nel. foresaw his own prestige height
en,ed if he could return to Brunei,
leaving :Sarawak pacifted in MIr.
Brooke's control.
But when ilasim saw his country at
peace as the result ot Birooke's efforts.
he forgot his obligations to the visitor
and co,nnived in it plot against the
latter. This failed, however, and he
was obliged to fulfill his agreeltent
and proclainm Hrooke rajah and gover
nor of Sarawak in September. 1841.
The Sultan of Brunet confirnmed the
deed given by Haitim and presently
also acknowledged ltajah Brooke's
complete independence.
Rajah Brooke was recognized as an
independent sovereign by the Ulnitel
States in 18.%1 and by (;reat Britain
In 1863. Sir James Brooke died in
1808, naming as his successor to the
rua his nephew, Charles Brooke. Sara
wak was made a British protectorate
in 1888.
What the People Are Like.
With most of the Sarawak tribes,
personal cleanliness is the rule, and
the Dayaks have been known to com
ment on a white traveler to the effect
that although he seemed to be other
wise all right, he did not bathe quite
as frequently as they considered nec
essary. They are a fine race physical
ly and delight in personal adornment,
in which they show excellent taste in
the use of colors for the chawat, or
loin cloth, and for the bead necklaces
and headdresses.
In common with the other tribes of
Borneo, their houses are long com
munal dwellings built on posts 8 or 9
feet from the ground, a passageway
on one side giving access to the rooms.
each of which Is occupied by one family.
The Land Dayaks, unlike the other
tribes, also build a square house on
very high posts, considerably above the
level of the "long house." It is called
the "head house" from the fact that
in it are kept the heads which they
have taken from their enemies.
There are three fairly well defined
social classes in the Kayan house:
The upper class, comprising the chief
and his relatives, occupy rooms in the
middle of the long house; the middle
class, whose members are not related
to the chief, occupy rooms on both
sides adjoining, while the rooms at
each end of the house are occupied
by the slaves-that is, the descendants
of those captured In war.
round pencil. In cross-section. This
is why biologists rarely speak of curly
or straight hair; they use the terms
"flat" and "round." Each hair on the
head of a person with a wave, of
course. Is intermediate in shape be
tween a ribboo and a pencil. It is
Dutch Navigators First.
Dutchmen were the first foreignenrs
t, venture to the distant shores f
Japan. and Dutch navigators foumie
reb colonlies ia Java and Sumatra.
Zoo Bear Gets Loose,
Crowd Flees in Panic
PIoughkeepjie.--lilly, a black
hear. who has been in the zoo
here for onlly a few montlhs. es
raplled fre(ra his enge and started
In the ia.",eral direction of his
faarmaer ha ).e in the Michigain
woods. ('hildren at play in the
park a.w Billy and scattered,
scram tin., in all directions.
lTheir ells attracted John
.A hllll thert'er. the keeper, alnd
emplloh,+reet fI the aahoalrd of pub
lic o' arls.
l:illa tit:ally was lassoaed and
returilnted ta his quarters.
Iailt had male his escape
ioce lifor. but , hen his keeper
Wt li to lo fk for him Illy Lhad
I.e -' so t:alken up at ith watathing
a :i,'- full of lriiltl colored, p
Ihi.i a:nt. that he hadl gonie noli
fort her.
Detective, Fired Because of Pris
oner's Escape, Pays Own
Expenses in Chase.
P'itthlurgh.--lPatrick E. Moran. dis
chargl deltecti've of this city, handed
hack to clheted:l justlce a prize that
had ibeen soul ghlt In the crime centers
of Philadelphia. New York 'lty. and
PaI'rl,. Fr:ancelt, when., In Wilkes-Rarre.
I'a.. he ausled the arrest of ltocco
epippi. allegedl master criminal,
whose llca'aai ii'pe cawilsedl .Morain's dil
ilissal fro'an the Pittsburgh force three
year's ago arfter sensational charges of
graft had been made against him.
When lelpippo escaped. Moran took
up the chase on his own initiative.
paid all his own expenses in tracing
the man from city to city, and, when
tie had cornered his prize, stepped
aside to enable Wilkes-Barre officers
to make the arrest and claim the re
ward. Moran wanted only to prove
that lie had been falsely branded
when he was accused of permitting
Depippo to escape.
Iepippo faces in Pittsburgh indict
ment on a total of 38 counts for burg
htry and other charges. Moran's orig
inal warrant was served on Depippo
in Cherbourg. France. After being re
turned to Pittsburgh. and released on
ball, Depippo escaped, due, it was
said, to Moran's connivance. Depippo
now asserts that he had accomplices.
but they were not connected with the
polliae dlepalrtment, and he absolves
Moran from any assistance in his es
Moraan took up the chase after his
disialssal, and during its many turns
º i
Caught Depippe In Wilkes-Barre.
Ihe traveled through most of the East
ern state, and parts of Firance and
England. He caught Depippo ia
Wilkes-Barre just as the famous crim
inal was making ready for another
dash to Europe.
Schooner's Crew Fights Four Hours
as Monster Tears Planking
of Veenal.
P.oston, Mass.-A four-hour battle
with a 3.W-pound swordflsh off the
Georges bank was described by the
crew of the fishing schooner Nyod,
which arrived with the fish and a hole
in her planking as exhibits in support
of the tale.
Capt. Charles Nelsen said the mon
ster tore a threeinch gash in the
schooner's planking a foot above the
water line.
Lightning Sealed Youth's Mouth.
Portland, Me. - Wha lightnimg
struck a bulding in which he was sit
ting. Thomas C. Crekerm., was unable
to open his mouth, his Jaws having be
come rigid. Companions hbad a hard
time to force open his Jaws. The boy
was well, with the exception of a
headache, when a physelan arrived.
His companions' quick action saved
Crocker from serlous llnt- a or death,
the doctor said.
Chooeea Wrong Plan to Praiy.
8alina,. Kan.-John J. Bliggens, trty,
of Malvern. Iowa, was killed as he
knelt in prayer on a railroad track
here. He attracted attention for sev
eral days as he stopped on dlfferent
church steps in an attitude of praper.
The day before he was killed he spent
at the union statiorn almost constantly
em his knees.
Next day .wbie walklng down a
railroead trak he stepped and hkalt
betweem the rnale Jt as a fast tral.
aproaehed frm tae rear.
"What xperlience diid ou have with
the ructmh poison I sdh you hi.-t week?"
"Not so good, not So good. All the
reltL,'h s di ld % *ll fo n It, and I think are
lookin, bettor, except one. lie liked It
so w\IllI he. li(Ie i durned pilg of hiu1
-t"If Ian fo n l,'red. I'm afraid Ii'm
going to lo e him."- l'hladeiphii Ite
tail IL dgr.
Not the Right Kind.
She--Jhll. I foundl itire In the pan
try this afternfln.
lIt Well. \uhat do you want me to
do about It?
She'-t',ulln't you bring home that
kitty from the club I heard you talk
ng about In yt ir slheep?
"They say Hunter had to propose
k to Miss De Rich six times before she
accepted him."
"She certainly gave him a run for
her money."
He wants to be a hero bold.
And go where dangers lurk,
But he will run away and hide
From anything like work.
A Gentleman.
"He's a gentleman of the old
S'That so?"
"Yes; whenever he calls for you In
his car he doesn't sit at the wheel and
honk his horn, but ;ets out and comes
to the door and rings the bell."
Might Never See the End.
Willson-Dubb Is certainly an optl
* mist.
SBillson-How's that?
Willson-llis doctor told him he
wasn't likely to live very long, yet he
started two continued stories this
A Real Regret.
Editor-I am obliged to return your
poem with thanks. I am very sorry,
Poet-But what?
Editor--The management Insists
upon my declining all poems that way,
you know.
The Irony of Fate.
She-It is not easy for a girl to get
a husband.
lie-Nonsense! Why, a pretty girl
can make her choice of four out of
every five men she meets.
She-But it's the fifth she wants.
Just So.
"The men have gotta quit hammer
ing at the way the women get them
selves up. The limit has been
"I see your point. Paint and saw
dust won't stand it."
SDoing Well.
"Mrs. Wombat buys a labor saving
device every day."
"Well. if she buys enough of them
she won't have to do any housework at
She: Do you IIke these ljal
He: Yes, I trm 'em the freedo
of the slesen.
SAnd the Further, Too.
S "A standing account
Is a queer thing." saId Duns;
"The longer It stands,
The longer It runs"
SKeeping Her in Gloves.
"Is your son-in-law a good provlder?"
"He can just about keep my daugi.
tsr in gloves. I pay for everything
S Then he deceived you as to his
t. eamstances?"
S"No, I distinctly remember he mere
Sby asked for her hand."
Few of Us Are.
* "This Is a man's world." she corn
i. Dlained.
g "Maybe it Is," he replied, "but doe't
blame me, I'm not guilty."
A small Glenwood avenue boy went
with his mother to see the nature ple
ture called "The Four Seasons."
m In the "Spring" section was shown
Sa handsome buck which had Just lost
one of its antlers.
t "Oh, lookie, maw," the boy cried,
"that deer is on'y got one hatraclk."
r Saving on Shows and Sweets.
Ethel-Now that we are engaged yo
Smort economize.
SJack-I do already; rm not catlJg
Sany other grli
Aviator Is Forced by Engine Trou
ble to Descend to Earth
in Far North.
Set Up Movie Camera to Get Pfcture
. of Wild Herd, but Changed Mind
When Hundreds of Animals
e Hove in Sight.
P.Dasn,, 1. T. Like a chalter from
n drmi t: til t, ti, n r aa the s: ,r . ,f the
a ~attr,. wiiie tryi;ng a ilight aiar,,s
Yukon t-r:iTory ana . Alask:. lhe flew
w ith h i, n n i , n g p i, 'tu re  ,n{ts .t % a b o \ e
1. a i't Iherl iof ciribou aiil aa forced
to rin l in their midil.t. He hintllh
o tl'reil onte ti kel'iI I:, i st arting. TheP
herd i, lurt of the lolirt holy of earl
d 4r_
Lands in Herd of Caribou.
bou which annually trek across the
region near Dawson dnd Eagle. Prest
had flown by a round-about way from
San Bernardino, Cal., to the Far
Ir Prest's own story of his experience
* is told in the following dispatch from
Eagle to the Da son Daily News:
"Thirty minutes out of Eagle my en
Sgne bucked. I looked for a landing
r place and picked what looked like a
level spot. It was Niggerhead Flat at
the head of Deer creek, eight miles
south of Seventy-Mile river. I fixed
the engine and noticed a couple of car
Ibou. I set up my movie camera so
as to get them. More of them were
coining, so I began to see about tak
ing off. Turning. I noticed 500 or 600
caribou all around the airship and
camera, and rushed expecting to find
the camera ruined, but no damage was
done. I got ready to take off but the
Sship went upon her nose In the soft
going and broke the propeller.
Killed a Caribou.
"I had been debating about killing
one of the caribou, but the de'ate
ended when the propleller broke, so I
killed one with my 32-caliber pistol
and butchered him with a pocket
t "I was overhauling the motor when
a puff of wind finished the job by
turning the ship over on her back and
breaking the radiator. So I deserted
the ship, stripped off the Instruments
and magneto, and started to pack
down to the river. I got down with
one load and saw I was not going to
make it with the grub I had, so I
cached everything and went back to
the ship and slept in its tail Sunday
"I had left my compass in a cache
at the mouth of Ramey creek. so I
started without it. I was further out
than I thought. I did not pick up the
trail and made a lot of unnecessary
dreles, climbing mountains for obser.
vatlon. It was raining steadily, but I
3 had equipped myself with a small can
of gasoline for starting fires.
"My shoes and feet aere giving out
and I was afraid to lie down to sleep.
Finally, I struck the trail at Nimrod
Bar, and shortly after a search party
hove in sight."
Colored Man Falls Dead in Crap Game.
Raeford, N. C.-Spurned by the dice
when be "shot it all' at the end of a
Scrap game, Jim Suggs, colored, fell
dead as the dice betrayed him. The
Sgame lasted all night and the decision
to "shoot It all" was made when the
players were departing.
Baby Has Six Living Grandmether.
Concord, N. H.-The little daughter
Sof Mr. and Mrs. P. Roger strong, has
x livting grandmothers. They include
oue great-grest-grandmother, three
great-grandmothers, and two Igrand
Bolt Starts First Known Radio Fire.
New York.-A fire msaid to be the
first ever recorded as being due to an
amateur radio set was started at the
Sheight of a storm when lightning
struck apparatus placed near the win
dow of an East side apartment homse.
The blaze wars quickly extinguished.
Glvese Pint of Bleed for Quart of Rum.
SWashlnlton, D. C.-Trading a pint
of blood for $10, with wdch he bought
B a quart of liquor, Georg Brown, twem
ty-fve years old, became grloney -
testated and leaded ito the d4 JrU
'the Kitchen
Ah' S;a;r. r;l I ". "
.'hal" + .it+ " : . ý ..,V.'. L ,1" ..! . .
Dote r. ..t . : , t w'.t
yon Il I ' ".
A nt'i."h fr A', , W!ll
S',' P p
o.f fr.--! 1 " ,
'tl( bf ;l . of i: '. -, r ..n-.
ip prika, i::-., ,f ii , ,i ,,
fouillrth o f i ('l- , ,f ' , ,
half . lt . ! ."' "1 "! * iH
leti. -rý. I'1l.,' '.t a j a, , " r :r,.' nf i _
olnl.' iuijfil of I;.t \: '" r :n, l i in
it lnat.'r:t .., tr i 1 r -or ' t. . ir -
until th, l I '' t ' ri - , r. . . ' .
Lunch Cake.--'l .a,," ,' :t.rd ,ft a e
cul ful 1 f -. ft ' * ,' 1", ,.i ,. i i" ., t ,n 1.
third .l ,aI 4'f I tt I r, .\I -i:n : r. Ta1
eggs. t ,l"-L f ,ai ":l ,il .f , '" r.
l.ol -o: fi1 of- .f . ik 1.: ,. , ,.r r. .,,i
halfii t' a- ,,o nfni f " ' :llin;t ,"t!. h .-ht:llt
tea llpo i :fIl i if :nn'. I , t.tA ll', (tie a
hlif enllcful of rnl -n uI t,,l oil,' :li d
tlhrt.r-fourthl cl ujfulr s ,f lanr. Puiit all
the in.r!.'thints hati iia hol and h.ntl
for lthree minute. iike -l minuites in I
a moderaflte oiven.
Raisin and Nut Filling.-Take the
white of aln ev. unlhlten.n add one
half tenipolnful iof uny phosphatplite
baking i" ,wder, tive tablhEpoonfuls of
cold water (do not run the iensure a
over), thrke-quarters of a cupful of
sugar. When the water in the bot- s
tomrn of the double holler is boiling set
in the top with the above mixture. I
Cook. heating with an egg beater for
seven nminutes from the time it he- I
gins to boll. Remove, add chopped (
raisins and nuts and heat until cool.
Spread on the cake while the frosting
seems very soft.
Summer Squash.-Cook small ones 4
cut in quarters or larger ones In
slices. \\'hen tender drain and serve
with a rich white sauce, adding one.
half cupful of milinced cheese.
It's fun to dare in the face of despair.
when the last lone chance seems
And to see hop- rise in the angry
skies lIke a promise of rosy dawn;
For ic'tory's sweet when it crowns
defeat. anld you learn this much
is true:
It's fun to tight whan yaou know you're
right, and your ieart is in it, too.
Pens are one of our most nourishing
vegetables; belonuging to the proteins
they take the
piuce of meat In
the diet.
One may have
a green boiled
dressing by add
ing a cupfull of
peas sifted
through a sieve.
The dressing is not only Improved in
color and flavor, but Its food value Is
Green Pea Soup.-Take one pint of
green peas, a qualrt of stock. six small
onions,. a still hullch of mint. a hunch
of piarsley, a large handful of slinach,
two , tailesl4lEinfllls of butter aind a
tespolunnful of salt. Wash tile spinach,
parsley, annil hiilt. add the peas and
salt to the stock with the other vege
talbles and cook until soft. 'Put all
through a sieve and reheat. Season
with iutter and salt and serve hot.
Pea Souffle.--"Cook a pint of pens
until soft. put them throughi a sieve,
addl two tahleslomnfuls of butter, a
pint of milk and the yolks of three
eg:,8. Season with salt and pepper and
fold In the stility beaten whites. Pour
into a buttered dish and bake twenty
Salmon and Pea Salad.-Flake a can
of sanlmon,. removing the skin and
hones. Take an equal amount of
cooked peas and mix well with the
salmron. Serve on lettuce with a
boiled dressing with a sour pickle
chopped in hits.
Combination Salad.-Take one cup
ful of peanuts cut in hits. two cupfuls
of peas, one-half cupful of oil; 5
minced, a hit of onion and a mayon
naise dressing to serve on lettuce.
Seasonings of salt and cayenne may
be added to tllaste.
Peas and Peppers.-Take the tops
from six peppzrs, remove thle seeds
and soak in a str4,ng brine over night.
Moisten with liquor from a can 4)f
peas, fill the slhells with one-half cupful
of minced neat, one cupful of peas,
one-half cupful of bread crumbs, a
little onion Juice. salt and pepper to
taste. Bake until the peppers are
Green Gage Sherbet.--Take a quart
cf green gage plums, stew andl put
Sthem through a sieve, add the juice of
two lemons, one and one-half cupfuls
of sugar and two tablespoonlfuls of
softened gelatin. Cook the sugar with
half a cupful of water until a thick
· sirup is formned; add tile other Ingre
Sdients, chill and freeze.
Marriage a a Mode.
It is well life ill tihe Suth seas is so
slmple and not conlmplicated by social
or Ofinancial pressure; otherwise, their
young married set woul1 have a dlf.
flcult time, for the average awe of the
bride is twelve and that of the br~ld
groom seventeen. Usually the woman
toes the proposing and the maun waits
to be chosen.
t Jar Is Apt to Follow.
Women may like flattery, but it is
rlky to tell a woman that she looks
wll preserved.--Bbsto Transcript
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