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hodesia:, i *1 -h M "4to - y away terwooy " The Cecil Rhodes Memorial. (Prepared by the National Geographic So clty. Washington. D. C.) Entrai'e of southern Rhodesia into the Union of South Africa. now prac tically arranged, will supply still an 0 other parallel between the t'rited States of America and Africa's "United States." Just as the United States, a gener ation or so ago, reached out to the west and made its territories, one after another, into states. ~ the Vnlon of South Africa is reaching north ward-it Is in that direction that the course of African empire takes its way-and is incorljaraung the Iro tier regions. Technically, the Union has had no definite claim on the Brit ish colonies, protectorates and regions more or less under British control that lie in the north; but it has boasted that It is "heir to all South Africa." and in adding southern Rhodesia it seems to be collecting the first In stallment of Its patrimony. Rhodesia l' in many ways In a con dition of development comparable to that of some of the western praIrie states wlhen they entered our Union. Only trunk line railroads have been constructed for the most part; the close network of the well-developed country Is yet to come. Highways, too, are still few and poor. Both pro duction and markets are largely un developed, and the farmers and ranch men necessarily live the somewhat hard and primitive lives of the fron tier. In recent years, however. Vic toria (capital of southern Rhodesia),. Bulawayo, Salisbury and other towns, have developed into modern munici palities with all the conveniences of the western world. Still other similarities between southern Rhodesia and some portions of the United States lie in physical conditions and climate. The country is a plateau region, dry and hot dur Ing the southern summer, but with a reasonable rainfall usually during oth er portions of the yeas An Empire Owned by a Company. In one way southern Rhodesia is without parallel in the United States, for nothing approaching ownership of an empire by a commercial corpor ation has ever come up In our history. In fact, in the extent to which such control has gone southern Rlhodesla, together with northern Ithodesia and adjacent territories, stands alone even In British experience which contains the stirring history of the East India company's exploits in India. The region, nearly half a million square miles in extent, became, through concessions from a native chief, a royal charter from the Brit Ish crown, and by conquest virtually the private property of the British South Africa company, of which Cecil Rhodes was the moving spirit. The company, as might be expected of any developmental enterprise, sold land, leased mineral rights and built rail roads and other engineering works. But besides all this it actually governed the country, though In late years the imperial government has assumed some measure of control over the com pany's governmental activities. The known presence of gold in c o siderable quantities drew the atten tion of Rhiodes and his associates to southern Rhodesia. The precious metal Is scattered all over the country, though only In a limited number of places has its development proved profitable. Some students assert that this Is the lost source of gold in the days of Solomon-gold which was brought through the Arabian port of Ophir and so came to be called "gold Kt Ophir." Very extensive ruins of great buildings solidly constructed of carefully hewn granite blocks exist near Victoria and are said to be the forts and temples and workshnops of alien (perhaps Phoenician) gold seek ers of the remote past. The ruins ex tend to a port on the Indian ocean, in what is now Portug' ese East Africa, To Keep a Window Up A simple and practal device for supporting windows that have no weights attached is made as fol lows: Take two double-pointed tacks and drive lute the frame, oMe outside and one Inside the window Drive them it only half way. Then Insert a long nail and let the window rest on the minnll. Thc tack next to the nal 'end shoule be a little higher than the other, so the nal will not slide out from which the gold was probably o shipped. Now a mining. ranching and arri cultural country, southern Rhodesia may also have a future as a manufrc turing regIon. On its northwrn border lows the Zlambezl river with its Vic toria falls of great volume, more than twice the height of Niagara, pronmising P abu:laint power. Not far from the a falls are extensive coal tields. Status of the Natives. The natives of southern Rhodesia, numbering some 8tW,.ºIK. are in the :lanomalous position of having no oti i cial political status. They have drift ed, or like Tcpsy. have "Just growed," into their present condition. They C t have never been formally made Brit ish subjects though British control has , een extended over the country. They 0 Smight almost be considered subjects of the British South Africa company. I The company has all along laid claim to ownership of the lands on which the natives live except the areas re cently set apart as reservations. The white population of the country num- t bers about 30000. t ° Southern Rhodesia is roughly cir cular, with a diameter of about 450 miles. Its entrance will add to the Union an area approximately equal to that of California, second largest state n in the United States. The center of southern Rhodesia Is about the same distance south of the equator as the City of Mexico is north of that line. Ce Somewhat further south, in Basuto- h land, the "Young Basutos" are uneasy under the rule of their chiefs and are eager to make their government over on something like a European basis. This means little until one learns ° that Basutoland is a sort of Indian 5 territory of South Africa, that it is I probably the most progressive of the F native states of the continent, and that to a large extent movements I there are accepted as prophetic of de velopments over the whole of South Africa. British South Africa and the self-governing dominion, the Union of South Africa, are not synonymous. Outside the Union-and inside It are regions not connected government ally with the Union but administered directly by the British crown. Of these no better example could be found than Basutoland, an area the size of the Kingdom of Belgium en tirely surrounded by the provinces or ° states of the Union but not subject to s them. This region is in effect a gigantic reservation set apart solely for na ° tives, and whites are not permitted to own land in it. The few whites in the a section are officials, missionaries and traders. A species of communism is Sin force such as that practiced among ° primitive peoples or under rimitive I conditions In many parts of the world. a Cattle are pastured on commons and the chiefs allot plots for agricultural t use. Most Enlightened of Natives. In Basutoland the British have in large measure practiced a hands-off policy. In effect they have merely built a figurative fence around the country; have managed the main ma chinery of the government, using Ba auto laws and customs wherever pos sil!e, and have left practically all o, ° minor matters to the chiefs to manage I in their own way under a paramount Ju chief who is a sort of kinglet. Educa f tion in Basutoland is almost entirely 1 in the hands of missionaries. t Under British guidance and mis- a e sionary tutelage, the Basutos have a5 s forged rapidly ahead to the generally f recognized position of the most en- sI I lightened group of South African na- ri f tives. In a century their numbers ye f have grown from 40.000 to nearly half t a million; and there are almost as e many cattle as peorle in the country. f Physically Basutoland is the Swit zerland of South Africa, containing - the slopes and some of the summits Cl Sof the Drakensberg. somne of the lat- L , ter reaching an altitude of 11,000 feet. and should be on the inside of the win dow. By having two or three sets of t these tacks on a frame you can have your window ralaed to as many diffter eat places.h A Shert Turn. I was out prospeetting with Larry the other day-in tne mountllans, you know--and lmid. "See that little butte t over there." Larry is in the hospital now. He was in ucb haurry to turn aroand that he spralaied both akrles --aturda~y vepig PYlo. LIFE'S JESTS FORCE OF HABIT, MAYBE "Who is the fellow In a sport car?" "That's liarold Hearthreak. tloe movie s:ar. lie gets paid a big sal ary for just making love to beautiful women." "In a case like that a man would have some inducement to work over tile." "He's evidently been working over time. His wife is suing him for dl vorce and names six corespondents." Birmingham Age-Herald. Has Been About Some. "Your boy has graduated?" "Yes." said Mr. Grahcoln. "Now he a wants to go abroad and see somethingg of the world." "Why don't you let him see America first?" "You couldn't Interest him in a t prtpnasiltion like that. He traveled c Sith the football team. i 1s ENVIOUS I Fish: Gee, he's a lucky guy, he ' sam hug eight girls at once I Censorship. ta Boon shall we see some fancy tricks o New moral standards to secure. When censorship brings politcs t Into control of literature. Apparently. "Boss, is you connected with de courthouse?" "Yes." "Kin you help me out? I wants a marriage license." "No. I'm a police magistrate. Best I can do is to give you a year in jail You're after a life sentence. Can't Fool Her. The Poultryman-Certainly, ma'am. It's a this-year's chicken. I'll guaran tee it. Mrs. Junebride-I don't see where you get the nerve to tell me that when I distinctly remember they were wearing the same style of head orna ments two years ago. A Little Bit of Blarney. Mistress-Maggie, I can't have you entertaining policemen in the kitchen. Maggie-Sure, mum, an' It's a big heart ye have. I was sayin' to Michael O'Flinn only last night that If I'd spake th' word we'd let us have th' drawin' room.-London Answers. The Difficulty. "He's kinder to his second wife than he was to his first." "Yes, but his second wife keeps in. sisting that he's not nearly so kind to her as her first husband was" g Dublous. t "Is your place in the ball of fame l secure?" a1 "Punno." said Senator Flnbdub. "1 l don't feel any too sure about my seat a in the senate." _I ____ tl Hubby: Whtdidhey Wifey: Absolutely. Hubby: You must have milsundelsr stood him. He probably said: "Ob. soleately." Wretch. he barnyard golfer had no be bh Nor sense of right and wrong. ly He played a ringer in a game And boasted loud and long. At the Concert. Mrs. Billtop, Sr.-Do you know that beautiful song she just sangt It is ta one of the old classics. or Mrs. Billtop, Jr.-Yes, indeed, re ' jazzed to it many a time. o0 Possibly Se M Her Second Husband-No, I can't go out with you this evening. I have w some work to do at the ofce. F Mrs. Pstmtger---You've neglected me t shamefully ever since we've been mar- ( rled. If my first husband was alive he you wouldn't dare to treat me so. Signs Tell. Jack-Halloa. Bert, who's the girlt? Bert-What d'yon mean? Jack-Well. you're not wearing a collar like that for fun, are you?-- p London Tit-Bits. A Why He Lost Appendlx. "Say, Bill, they tell me you've Just bad your appendix taken out," said tr triend. "That's a fae;," replied Bill. "uerves you right I You should have bad It in your wifes name."-Lodo. ~ Tit-Bits. Geeood Enough fee This Baby, Visiltor-This isn't a very good pie tare of your little boy brother, is It It PhFlTearOld Alce-N, am'am; int, them, he slat a good bbyi-om g dm Asawese. IS PRISONER IN CELLAR 2 YEARS Woman, 85 Years of Age, Snarls and Bites at Police Who Rescue Her. I MIND IS SHATTERED Locked Up by Her Daughter for No Other Apparent Reason Than That She Was Old and In the Way. Mahanoy City. I'a.-With rats and mlce as heIr only companlionsl and starved almost to a living skeleton, an eighty-tfive-year-old woman was dragged forth from a damp, dark, dir ty cellar, where she has spent the last two years as a prisoner at the hands of her daughter and son-in-law. For no other reaso.n apparently than that she was in the way, the old womn an had been locked In her cellar-dun geon and fed only scraps of food and bits of nourishment scarcely fit for the lowest animal to eat for almost twenty-four months, while her daugh ter and huslband lived in considerable colmfoert in the house above her. Wllen found the miserable old pris oner snarled at thief of 'Police A. P. McL.auhllin, clawed at himt with her bird-like talons In the fear that he had collme to do her greater harm. She had to be taken from the black hole vir tually by force, screaming anrd screech ing W'hen taken into the light of day despite her feeble strength. Ignorant Refugees' Belief. The mother, whose terrible imprls onnment and pitiable condition becam:i known to the police here after repeat ed anonymouus hints and suggestions from residents of the neighborhood. is Mrs. Stephen Naclisky, of Russiar iIrth. No, details] cne,.rni g the rea son f " ! , I:lu g tt irs :i ti is c t::!,i she aIt !t.- s . ; ,f -: . r, l'-s and i i tangled I.;r i;.: at the realization of liberty. According to other Russian residents in the neighborhood, however, the po lice gained the information that the It I I a t Starved Almoet to a Living 8keleton. I foreigners in the coal fields hereabots look upon old age as a hideous thing and upon death as something to be shunned and avoided at all costs. In many instances, It was said, foreign born families have refused to receive the bodies of relatives killed In the mines, so terrified were they at the sight of the Grim Reaper. On this supposition, therefore, it is believed by the police that the woman's a daughter and the daughter's husband, seeing old age and inevitable death ap proachlag In Mrs. Navllsky's case, de elded to safeguard their own happiness by putting her out of their sight. Month after month passed and the old woman lived on until there was nothing to do, P the police believe, but to hide the aged victim away in the cellar. a Door Bolted on Her. Forthwith, she was pushed down the a stairs and the door bolted on her, a anot to be unbolted for almost two a years. Such food as was given her a at various intervals was thrust to her, A the police be!lieve, through a tiny coal a hole into the cellar, which tncldental- b ly, admitted the only ray of light that 9 penetrated the place. s There, vlrtually in continual alght, o the poor old woman spent her days, o gnawing at the molding morsels passed t< to her as food. sleeping when she could te on the filthy pile of rags and old news- h paper she had huddled in one corner of her prison. n Mad Dog Bites Man on Wooden Leg. a Orange, N. J.-Bltten by a mad dog d which luckily attacked his wooden leg. p Felix Carbone tied up the animal and t then shot it. The dog bit a small boy, b and Carbone was ordered by the \( health officer to tie the animal and sl kill it. a Coffee Boiled Over; Baker Die f Gas. h Staunton, ll.-When boiling coffee flowed over the sides of the kettle and a put out the fire on a gas range, Harley a Atwood, a baker, was asphyxiated by the gas fumes. Plane to Carry 25 Soldier and Packs. London.-An airplane capable of transporting 25 soldiers and their equipment has been ordered for home defense service In England. The or der is for 500 airplanes to be used ia the army. h Stele Flowers From Dog's Grave. Quincy, nl.--Cmrged with ateatllg flowers fra the grave of a dog, Wtl Iltam Lvelale was arretid here. The grave wais at the illinois Shleres'u a bollrs' hme. Les velasee did not lnev the modd was a grave he declared 1 LSIINI'N he KITCHEN L CABINET S,· 192ý: W\V*tet Nýewa a per.. Urli..rt) A in t it g ,ol wthnr l lif," ", ,r. dr.: ry A n rd } ,, ir !.o ,. v : ' b ,ut1 t o ""n , Just to faI the hari' la:|' . h ry (f a tile, aold, lyual fr:arnd" --1dar ;guest. TASTY DISHES A d llteli'l' .-uhlid. \\ lhiih is e l'pecially well Iletndad is lral;ar,'d h i-ins tsmaill, ripe tolimt toli. alit , ltn~ imall s.ctii,', and ripe ,a.ir-. -", , iit i l, ei hths., hlald g,thll"r in tint at tractive , o'lo er ike salad. Ser\e with a spoonful of rich Imayonnalse in the center of each. Wild Duck.--Iress thern after re mt.ving the feathers by dipping them Into mlielteld anrallttin. If so "i of tihe courser fe:athers ar renovlltled beforte the dOlping It will save the paraiillin. Let thetll hang to cool, when the par aftin c'an be peeled off, taking every pinfeather, If caare Is taken to have theta well dippedl. I ress and puIt to cook in a kettlte of water ci ntailning an (onion andl thrt-, or four inilaleilpoa nfuls of vinegiar. 'This reinoves the strong flavo'r hlJetedl to by some. NoW plaice tlhen in it Scotch kettle, with an iron cover, if poseihhle, and coo.,k iti their owni jhuies, additig a talblespoonfull of Water cai lonallly. A c'hoilppead cairrot land onion ;alled toa tlilt kettle will iii Sprol',\ e tl t:.,,r. Sterve well browned WVilh a ý,1. let gravy. Puree of Chestnuts.--.hell and blancl, one qulaa;irt r f chestnluts. Put i theal into a5 tp, I.e'ttle with a quart ofi chic ken stl. ;. : ,II a slice of onion. at baly leaf, ia q,:r:,lr of it teaspoonful of cele'ry st- ;, Ia oI'-ne-half cupful of ,celery toaps. tI',,,,I -lowly until the claetnutllt !ar' 1tnlr. Iress. through a clala.r. th, thtiruagh a sieve. Add a pi'nt f r;,lh tailk antl two table • !,,nfiiul ,ac.lh of butter and flour o,,keI tol',: t,-, add pepper anud salt to season, . ,'-k until the flour is well vio kedt an serve lhot. Boiled Dinner.-Take three or four fresh lhocks. puat to c,.a in plenty of water and colk untill they are half done, then add clhhange, ttranip, car rots. and when they are partly cooked a few potaitoes; season well with salt and serve with boiled beets and onions cooked in separate dishes. P'lace the rnleat on the platter and sur round with the vegetables, arranging them In suclh manner that the colors will be Pleanslng. Cream of Peanut Soup.--D)ssolve two teaspoonfuls of peanut butter in one cupful of hot water; when smooth add two cupfuls of evaporated milk, one teaspoonful of cornstarch mixed with one cupful of water, one tea spoonful of salt, two teaspoonfuls of minced onlon and a dash of cayenne. took five minutes. Beat with an egg beater until foamy, strain and serve very hot. Wherever loved ones are waiting The toiler to kiss and caress. Though in Bradstreet's he hasn't, a rating. He is still a splendid success. If the dear ones who cather about him And know what he's striving to do Have never a reason to doubt him, Is he less successful than you? -Edgar Guest. MORE GOOD THINGS A delicious conserve to serve with meats. that can he prepared at any time, is spleed pineapple. T h canned pineapplt may be used or, iLt fresh, cut Inte small cubes and cooked in a spleed vinegar, using a tabilespomonful o1 cloves, two tablesponmfuls of broken stick cinnaamon and sugar and vinegar, with a very little water. Ctook until the pineapple is transparent, then re move thle fruit to a Jar and boll the spiced vinegar antil thick and rich. Pour over boiling lhot. Prunes, soaked over night, may be prepared in the same manner, makinlg a nice change from the usual way of serving the fruit. Eacalloped Sweet Potatoes-Cook six medium-sized potatoes, and whilh still hot slice into lengthwise slices onequarter Inch thick. Peel three ba nanas and cut Into lengthwise slices. Arrange alternate layers of potatoes and bananas In a buttered baking dish, having the top layer of potatoes. S8prinkle each layer with one-half tea spoonful of salt and one teaspoonful of sugar and dot with butter. Pour onequarter of a cupful of boiling wa ter over the potatoes, covering them to bake. Bake 45 minutes, the last half of the time uncover. Sweet Potatoes de Lux.--Boil six medium-sized po'atoes until well done. Cut into slices lcngtlhwtse and arrange in layers in a buttered baking dish, using one tablespoonful of diced pineapple between the layers,. Season with a teaspoonful of salt and dot with bits of butter. Pour over onequar. ter of a cupful of pineapple Juice, sprinkle with a teaspoonful of sugar and dot with bits of butter. Bake one half hour, keeping covered the first half of the time. When done garnish with marshmallows and return to the oven to puff and brown. Serve at once. 8oek to Understand Princilples Knowledge of law Is not necessary as understanding of fundamental prla ciples on which law Is based. One may know the law without appredat Ing why it is the law, hence perfunc torlly obey it and thus not support it. "A little knowledge is a dangerous thing." Foresats Turned into Autos More than 85.000.000 feet of 5m. "er has heen used In a single year is he mnnufsalatre of automoblles sad -v*-w in the Jatted States. Dog Dies in Sa'.i Boy Frc n l ' d a h r. i * -I -• ji h ti' (otto it ". ti t, JI ., fill jr r.,l h r. i .: . l i , kI frs i ft . tie 42 M "lt' sin I . i ' the r.csil t of " .: e " U Iiri' i ]. ; EYE TOO FANCY; WANTS OLD ONE Traveler Left "Everyday" Lamp in Hotel Room--Too Dressed Up With New One. Newark. N. J.-An e.l:.rlny manr, who - reglsterole thr.e W . '- ,, :_ a .New ark hotel as .John Mirtii ., r l.r " te of l',oria. Ill., aind \!., iw l- *. :,. tly left a glass eye' in hi: ru,'.l %0,el he chec'ke(ld t it a few ,:- II -l: . has S written to ('larl. < ' rri::n. wrnaguer r t of the hotel, -k rlng t;i to Slid on " the eye If he coutl, find it. f I"It :as unparll d, nab, l cynrrlr·" of S tie." write-s l"rte-''nre. "I cirlihlt uD. derstarid how I should have been so I 0 have been misplaced, but I hope you can find it. I have been using another eye since I left your hotel, but as it is the eye I always have reserved for Sunday wear and dress occasions, I would like to have my other one back; I am too dressed up." Carrlgan's lost and found depart ment had been saving Fortescne's glass eye. Carrigan, Inclosang the eye, replied to Fortescue as follows: "We.knew you would ask for the eye and we're sending it along. It 1s the first eye we have found since we established our bureau for lost a5 tfcides. "It may Interest you to know that in the lost articles we have more pajamasn anad nightgowns than anyp thing else. We have several dozens of them. plain and fancy. and in all colors, left by guests. Somehow people forget them easier than any thing else. In view of that I wouldn't feel bad about forgetting the eye." CONVICT FLEES WITH FAMILY Pose Overtakes Fugitiveo Floundering in the Mud and Almost Exhaustod. St. Johns, Arz.--An odd sort of jafll break was that of Clarence Sebriag ftrom the Apache county jail. He wras liberated by outside help. He went at once to a house where his seven- - teen-year-old wife was lodging with e their Infant child and took them with S him in his flght. The couple were trailed without dif* fculty, as they had floundered through mud for about ten miles during a ralay night and morning. They were found about exhausted, less than ten miles from their starting point though they had traveled much farther, owing to their lack of knowledge of the coun- S try. Sebring was not armed and sur rendered gladly. He had been sen-* tenced for the forgery of a $23 check. Prayers Made Negro White, He Says San Jose, Cal.-Declaring that he had prayed to become all white or all black when white spots appeared on his flace, C. L. Warren (colored) has be come white, with the exception of some spots on his ears. \Warren is the son of a Virginia slave who mani red a white woman. Trap for Chicken Thleves Kills Owner. Iron Mountain. Mlich.-A shotgun trap he set for chicken thieves who had been visiting his 'op caused the death of Carlo RomrettL. He was shot to death when he opened the door of the coop, forgett-lg the shotgun. Elephant Herd Wrecks Railroad Yard. Hanford Cal.-Fourteen elephants of a visltlng clrecs herd, frightened by an accident to one of its halby mem bers, stampeded in the raillroad yards a1d eaused considerable damage be fore they were rounded up. 1p Adv ho ift: CCi Ile I he 1 :ry on S of* " r " " ~7SO i 6"ff. " " , M" )Us drtat. "g.f ~It "I I is gad """" "NNNII Id '3 it ft'is N-i V- «. T Lt d @ 0 h W * *oeo due ' LIT I.