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ADVICE FOR THE HOME MILNER
OR the mother or big sister who is anxious to do millinery work at
home there are models which may be attempted with every chance of
success, especially in hats for children's wear. Shapes, as a rule, are
becoming to start with. If the home milliner will be satisfied to copy
the work of professional milliners at first, and not attempt original designing
until copying has trained her taste, she will be able to make certain kinds of
hats that will pass muster anywhere.
Here are three pretty hemp hats. They are the work of special design.
ors of headwear for children. They look quite simple but they are the result
of trained knowledge and expert skill in the making of this particular kind
of millinery. Any one can copy them successfully, but everyone cannot orig
inate hats equally good.
Select a shape that Is becoming to the little miss whose needs are to
be filled, and be careful to get a hat that fits. This is half the battle. Choose
an attractive color-they are rather gay this season-or select a white or
natural straw color. Any one of the methods of trimming shown here will
add to the beeomingness of the hat, since none of them interfere with its
The simplest trim consists of a band of soft wide ribbon-Alice blue,
perhaps. At the front a fiat bow of four loops is centered with a buckle
made of tiny June roses. Sew this trimming to place and avoid that fault
which amateurs most often fall Into-don't sew it too fiat to the shape.
A childish and fascinating method of trimming is shown in the hat
adorned with a wreath of large ox-eyed daisies and three upstanding bows of
messaline ribbon. These bows consist of two loops each, one loop about half
as long as the other. The heart of the bow is finished with two small puffs
of ribbon. Tack the bows to the shape with the taller loops standing up and
the shorter extending to the upturn of the brim. It will not be necessary to
wire the loops because they are supported by the crown to which they are
fastened with a few stitches.
The most original of the three designs is shown with a plaited ribbon
and fancy cord used to form the band and "stick up." A silk cord is braided
in three strands and applied to the accordion-plaited ribbon which surrounds
the crown. A fan or wing at the side is made by sewing three rows of the
plaited ribbon to a small piece of rice net cut into the proper shape and wired
atOR the edgmo The plated cord is sewed to this, following its outlines. When
this s done short len of proesionlcord is left tree to form the knot which shesining
thun tri copymming has trained her taste, he will be able to me certain inds of
FOR SEA BATHING OR MOTOR
Here Is Combination Headwear That
Is Pretty and Has Additional
erit of Cheapness.
If you love to sea bathe and also
to motor and cannot afrord to buy
distlvtio caps for each sport, there
is a new combination in headwear
perfectly suited to your purse. It is
as ahfar in white rubber having a
gored crown and the three4nch brim
atished with rows of machine stitch
ing ich distinguishes the regla
tion beach pr steamer cap, and, like
that hamiliar article, is trimmed with
a band and a bow, also in rubber.
The lining of the crown forms an in
side cap of rubber which, instead of
being pushed upward, Is drawn down
ward, Its closely about the head and
protects the half from the water.
while the brim protects the eyes from
the smm's gIlao Without the bat, the
ap may be usd for motoring in fne
weather as it Is light and sheds the
duet, but when traveling durtng a
high wtnd, itts better to use the
tirat.-ttia esap without the upper
Chin RIbbons o Hate.
Satin chin ribbons are fasteed to
some of the white straw hats for lit
te girls. The ribboa is pale pink or
blue, Is attached to the inside of the
hat brim, elose to oe* ear, with a
sa-l rosetta It s looped to a perma
seat bow under the chin and fastens
under a rosette at the other side of
the bat brbin These soft chin ribbons
are espelalbr becomig to the dainty,
rertt type of oee.
fts foer ddesmalide.
One ittle kMid with-mere gem-a
tr than mona, sale phetgraph
fames -a material ~e her weeling
es. - e thern her portrat and
that o her lnes th had the whole
tilmE muale d au a lam witt a
sms s rem or poetuae bme dd,
as Her mo m were dr4elte with
A hairpin holer for the hbanda or
the travelig bag is male t uede
ad holds a fun seebage of hairpbe
of msla leasth or l ee as at is
the shape and length of the pubs.
at har lads the top ebsa down
e-- lls a ene o ssil Se.
ItmIMa Plmrs n aPussaols
bsmal bunches of blac and wht
att rseebuds appear a the ege at
are of the bibs ad upon the hade
at smart prasels. lem P a pLnk
ribbon roses apd eblsae am
ranged in wreath Senu mend nme
Last Were of seat Cempeeare.
It is emsbs how the great ean
splne of epaa have tormed their at
tattes to relgua at the ed e heir
ensues hes eta work of Weemr.
"OtheL" slt a " "ase drama."
s a were or eidslsy relaions im
past som lis t, gad perubps
*ge"UeK welt was a mseaeim.* Verdi
op semlaeM hs esem rs a ses
UKIIbtrt J eam
PRE1TTY1 SUMMERI DRESS
... ... . .
:::.. ý;'t %:;:"%<ý .rle::~
Ma od t mmdnobreld or nsd ,
with bemd beft o pledmd eagt luse
autn sbmreh Lase
I emingM away the good bemeat&
bee hbemrtlon can s verry Ihy to
cut th e ltsef This ea be obll
ated, hewever, it a aanow ardboard,
polate at ae end, is slpped be
tweem the eer tad goods wheb est
Suasualesn sowers for wedd arg de
sa-os the white eglsh stock
shoU et be orrpotas . This, beaurnse
at Is loleatgwg bolusaas, gives
the very white elecs so desirable n
ether hrc or hbem weddlag.
Oil Ged for Linoleum.
To hoop Maoiesa that eas wore
bare tm pshowlg everry track e to
the water that yea warS it with ay
M fd w.i It aves a great deal of
laber, ras the Slor wllf sed washlag
sey mn a weak, sad It also hoaps
dowm the aft wouflityr.
Takse the Pise
We have the io lay h ao
In this Iowa."
#Y 1MR YI ".
" ,· se m at e ho
"Tes N& hes Mst wine u
PRODUCER OF FOOD!
United States Leads in Supply
of Creat Staples.
Raises Products for Own People and
Many Other Nations-Each Coun
try and Epoch Has Questions t
of Food Supply.
Washington.-Each country and
'each epoch has its special food prob- t
lems. During the last 400 years and
more the United States has passed on
from the conditions prevailing in a
newly discovered country, with only a
small area under cultivation, and has
become a producer of food and other 2
great staple products not only for its
own people, but also for export to oth
er nations. An equally great change
has taken place with respect to the
different regions of the United States.
As the country has been developed P
frontier conditions of living have re- t
ceded, until today, as never before,
the food problems of country and town
are approaching each other, and it is
no longer the case that the rural com
munity is, as regards its supply of I
staple food, largely independent and I
the urban community largely depen- I
Each must rely on the other, for in
general the farm-grown crop is milled
and the live stock is slaughtered in
the large establishments where facili
ties are adequate, as they could not be 1
in the case of home enterprise. And, I
indeed, in all economic ways thf two
regions are perhaps more naturally in- I
terdependent than ever before. All
this means that many problems re- 1
lated to food demand are studied in I
order that the best use may be made
of agricultural food crops by the far- 1
mer who grows them, the manufac- I
turer who converts the raw material
Into food products, the merchant who 1
supplies the food to the household and
the housewife who selects and pre
pares it for the family table.
Some of the problems which pertain
to this subject have been studied by
the Federal department of agriculture
and C. F. 1Langworthy, has compiled
the data regarding food conditions as
a whole, the characteristics of the
American diet and the special prob
lems of housekeepers in both country
and town. The majority of persons
set their pleas of the food habits of a
race or region from popular writings i
and often the source of information is
inaccurate or incomplete. If a writer
states that the diet in New England
is pork and beans and brown bread,
or that in the south it is corn meal
and pork, every one knows that the
statement is very inadequate. With
the question of diet in less familiar
regions, the discrepancy is not so ob
It is often said and is generally be
lieved that the diet in the United 1
States is generous and that the range
in variety of food products is unusu
ally large. The dietary combines many
customs and food habits of the races
which have helped to make up the
population, but in its general charac
ter it is British. as is natural, for the
bulk of the earlier settlers were from
Great Britain and brought the cus
toms and manners of the old home
with them, adapted them to the new
country, and passed them on to the
succeding generations. As time
has passed marked changes in the
character of the diet have taken place.
owing largely to improved methods of
cultivation of food crops, to better
methods of transportation and storage,
to improvements in milling and other
manufacturing proqesses which per
tain to food, to improvement in bouse
construction and kitchen appliances
and to similar factors. Whether the
value of the daily diet has changed
when considered from the standpoint
of the amount of nutritive material
supplied is another matter, and one
which is more difficult to decide.
As an illustration of changed food
conditions, facts relating to the diet
in public Institutions may be of In
terest, as it seems fair to say that
such a ration bears the same rela
tion to the food habits of any one
period as does a corresponding one to
those of another. In an account of
the diet in a large fnstitution in Bos
ton In 1850 a very simple ration was
supplied in which bread, molasses, po
tatoes and salt pork were the staples.
In recent studies carried on in the
same city In a similar institution the
ration is much more iuaried and' con
tais many articles, such as oatmeal,
tresh and dried fruits, tapioca and
esgo, which would have been consid
ered luzrles In moat homes in 1850.
It is not without interest to consid
er In more detail some of the factors
which have modified dietary habits.
In northern regions of the United
States, in earlier times, the vegetable
supply in the summer was fairly abun
dant, but in the winter was limited to
a few varieties, chiefly root crops.
which were of good keeping quality.
Eggs, salt meats and less commonly
peultry were staple summer foods, but
fresh beef, mutton and pork were more
abundant in winter tha n a summer
because they could be kept in good
condition frose. The lack of variety
of regeable foods In winter and ot
fresh meat in suminmer was without
doubt the reason for the great aban
dance of preserves and pickles which
every bousewife deemed necssary, and
for the great number of kinds of pastry.
cake and similar dishes. In other
words, there was a craving for variety,
and it was satisfied by using in many
different ways the comparatively small
number of food materials which were
most" commonly obtainable. With im.
WouM Save Time,
"I am gulng to take my lcheon
to the state department with me here
after," esM Seertary Bryna at the
White lelse the other day as he
glaneed into the press reom at a re
-t nibblMn at crackur ad drinfak
lug Oem a bottle o. milk. "My wife
has bougt me a lnch hgenet and I
slg to epars m- lehem, as that
I ea take It in the degsrtment with
me. I tsnk It wmI sae s muh
t--sad1 aS bmr eh la."
provements in crop growing transpor
tation, storage and marketing of foods
there is much less seasonal variation
in the food supply and consequently
much more uniformity in the diet at
different times of the year.
In considering the human race, as a
whole, there are three great epochs in
man's diet, namely: The early hunting
period, in which man depended entire
ly on a natural supply of both animal
and vegetable food; the cooking pe
riod, in which man still used a nat
ural supply of food, but prepared it for
use with the aid of hbeat, and the so-I
called cibicultural or food producing
period-that is, the period in which
man has depended upon the cultiva
tion of both fldocks and herds and field
and garden crops to supplement a wild
supply of food.
Is Is easy to see there is a press
agent at work in the department of
agriculture. F o r
Warm Bread he comes to bat
for All. with two wonder
ful tales, vibrant
with exciting news interest. The first
announces the startling discovery by
the omniscient bureau of chemistry in
Secretatr Houston's department of a
method by which "wrapped bread"
can be warmed.
"The experts found," says the an
nouncement, "that if a cold wrapped
loaf is unwrapped and placed in a
pan in the oven, in good medium heat
for ten minutes, it will be as good as
fresh, crisp without and tender with
The other dissertation touches upon
an even more important item of house
hold economy-"how to keep eggs
from cracking." To show how impor
tant this problem is, the press agent
records the fact that out of 1,532,275,
200 shipped into New York last year,
137,804,768 were broken. So Secre
tary Houston has put the food re
search laboratory to work on this
problem, and they are shipping eggs
to all quarters of the country, by par
cel post and otherwise, in an effort to
find the best way to ship them, with
out breaking. No results have yet
Col. George W. Goethals, who is in
charge of the army of men on the con
struction of the
Reports Most Panama c ana 1.
Interesting. while in Washing
ton some time
ago, referred to the great number of
reports which are sent to his office
from all branches of the work, and
which he reads himself. He declared
that if gathered together the reports
would make a voJume of most inter
A copy of a report from the assist
ant foreman of the toolroom to his su
perior officer, which had been for
warded to Colonel Goethals, was pro
duced. The report was on an acci
dent to a Jamaica negro employe of
the canal commission, and was as fol
"Mr. Jordan: Mr. D. Adams got
bust his big thumb almost cut off.
He was attended by other machinists
in toolroom. The uses of wrappings
was, required. He start fainting and
stretchers was getting ready. There
was no small stir; everybody in mo
tion as brigade. Mr. Cassell was the
swiftest. Locomotive ready at hand
and blowing solemn for hospital. I
guess he was gone and all wap over.
Forty-two delegates, representing
all English-speaking countries, gath
ered in Washing
As Defined by ton and former
the Guide. Senator Chancey
M. Depew of New
York, acting as guide, conducted the
party through a greater part of the
caoltol and then announced that he
would next show them the "Chamber
A number of the English delegates
failed to comprehend, and Andrew
Carnegie raised his hands in horror at
the remark as the delegatlon entered
Statuary hall, where the great men
of the nation repose in granilte and
stone. The visitors commented on
each statue and were as polite as any
one could be under the shock of the
first sight of this hall.
"And now, gentlemen, we come to
the chamber of the senate of the
United States," said Guide Depew.
"Have you many rules?"' asked Lord
"No rules to shut off debate." said
"And when a senator talks too 'longs.
you call that filibustering, do yon
not?" inquired a Frenchman.
"We call it a nuisance." replied the
venerable and polished capitol guide.
The Ink used in printing the paper
money is a splendid geunrmicide and for
this reason few of
Ink on Money the thousands of
Is Gr .- ey hbadl's huae
ever contracted disease from this
source, aocording to Dr. W. C. Rseker,
assistant surgeon geral of the Unit
ed 8tates publie health servlce
"The formula of the ink used tn the
engraving of the mose is, either by
design or accident, a splendid germi
cIde," said Dr. Rucker.
"The public health servlce was call
ed upon some time ago to examine the
old money returned to the treasury
after months of traveling around the
country and passing through all kinds
of hands. It wah found that it was
comparatively tree from bacteria, and
the ink is given credit for this satis
factory condition of affairs."
It is not known to what ingredient
of the recipe for the ink is due the
credit. for the seret of its eompos
tion Is caretlly guarded by the gow.
C. N. RichLards, seventy-two years
of rae, recentiy elapleted Mas oth
year's service r the United States
government. There is not a single
member of the houmes or member of
the Supreme court who was in olce
when Mr. Richards begma work. He
was ppninted supertatendent of the
seuate statsmnry moem before Senatr
Lake Le at Tenaesee, at present the
ye.ast umber " the msenate, was
athink that it was that much work to
Fwv city boys know the names of
the common trees at sight, much less
are they able to distinguish between
lessth that s the much othe tro*@
HEN a boy has spent a sea-"
son at a good summer cam..
it leaves an impression on
his mind that time will not l'
eradicate. At the close of
the season he has had the fun that.
he wanted to have, he has taken his
part in the games and contests, he has
climbed mountains and sailed on lakes no
and streams, he has cruised with the -
fellows and shared their pleasures and
hardships, and he has returned home
filled with the memories of gorgeous
feasts, of midnight pranks, of adven
tures on sea and on land, of encoun
ters with friend and 'with foe, and of
moments when the success or failure ý- ,
of a battle depended solely on his
.f. a.Ith hi. .k1il .nd him valor
The influence left on a child's car
acter by a summer thus spent cannot
but be important. In the first place
the child is away from his parents, I
away from those to whom he is accus
tomed to go for sympathy and advice.
He is placed on his own resources in
a manner quite new and strange.
A camp is not at all like a boarding
school, where there are regular duties
and a fixed routine foe each activity of
the day. The summer camp means
fun, freedom, frolic and a chance to do
nothing if one *ishes. The boarding
school means order, discipline, re
straint and hard work at all times.
Therefore, when a boy finds himself at
a camp for the first time in his life he
is often at a loss to know what to do,
because he is often left to his own
He has many new problems which
must be thought out alone. He has
come to camp to have a barrel of fun,
and he means to have it. His first im
pulse is to make friends with every
body, and especially with the coun
sellors. It is quite right that he should
do this. And it is the especial duty of
the counsellors to have a watchful eye
out for the new boys, to see that they
do not get homesick or tire of the
camp because of inactivity.
Ten wekts of camp life cannot but
have its effect on the character of lads
who are just beginning to feel the first
impulses to do things that they have
read about in books. There are no
boys so bad that there is not some
good in them, and there are no boys
in camp so good that there is no bad
in them, and some of it is pretty sure
to crop out before summer is over. In
many boys this badness has been lurk
lag for years. It has not shown itself
because of lack of opportunity. The
boys' camp is one of the places where
the inherent badness in a lad has an
opportunity to unbottle itself without
serious injury to the boy.
But camp life is of such a nature
that these unbottlings are not of fre
quent oecurrce. Before a bad habit
has been fixed on the boy he is
bropght to a .halt and having been
shown that he has been doing wrong
he learns a valuable lesson.
The average summer camp is not a
Sunday school. It is not intended for
such. On the other hand the directors
of these camps are for the most part
Christi gentlemen, having high
ideals. A proper respect for the Sab
bath day is required not only for the
HAVE NO POWER OF FUGHT
"Flying Fishes," So Called, Said to Se
Only Capable of Maintaining Them
selves in the Air.
This much-debated question is dis
cussed by William Allingham in the
Englih Nautical Magazine. The or
thodox scientific opinion is that the
"wings" of the flying fish merely serve
as a parachute to sustain the fish for
a brief period in the air, after he has
launched himself out of the water by
A Tower of Gold.
According to a law promulgated in
Germany in 1874 the $30,000,000 which
France paid in indemnity to the Prus
clans the previous year was guarded
in the "Tower of July" at Spandau.
the famous fortress situated eight
miles from Berlin. Besides this
amount of money, definitely set aside,
is a quantity ao gold in reserve for
commercial pean s.
In order to safeguard saek a massive
store great precautions have been
takean for the lst 42 years. The
good of the boys, but also out of re
spect for the felings of the people who
live in the neighborhood. Where pos
sible the children are invited to go to
church, after which they take walks.
go in bathing, read, tell stories, etc.
Usually a song service of a more or
less religious nature is held in the
evening. Often one of the directors
delivers an address in the main hall
of the camp.
Some of the influences that are
brought forcibly to bear upon the
youths are those which put a premium
on honor, truth, patience, generosity,
forgiveness, usefulness, politeness,
sturdiness, pluck and the like. A
camper who is lacking in any of these
qualities is soon made to feel the
need of them, greatly to his benefit.
It does a boy a world of good to mix
with a lot of other boys of his own
age, observing, as he usually will.
their good traits and bad traits.
The educational advantages of camp
life are only less important than are
the moral advantages. For the most
part the school books are closed, but
nature is wide open. Book knowledge
is of great value, but practical knowl
edge is often of more value.
In camp boys often get their first
practical knowledge of money values.
Here first they manage their own al
lowances and learn what it is to go
broke till the next allowance is dis
tributed. They aften compete with
the native boys of the village in their
efforts to earn small sums of money
to tide them over or to enable them
to buy coveted treasures. This is a
very good experience for any boy.
I have noticed that during the see
end year at camp a boy takes better
care of his things than he does during
the first year. This may be due to
the fact that near the end of the first
season his clothes, especially his
trousers, were in bad condition, due
to carelessness, and as no new ones
were forthcoming, the lad became
more or less self-cnscious about his
appearance, greatly to the delight of
his companions. Sometimes a boy's
shoes go wrong, and the parent, know
ing where the fault is, makes him get
on the best he can till he reaches
At camp children learn from neces
sity to mend, sew on buttons, sharpen
tools, and best of all they learn bow
important it is to keep tools sharp by
practice in turning the grindstone.
a powerful screw-like movement of
his taiL According to this view, the
fish has no power of directing his
flight after be has left the water.
However, Mr. Allingham, who is a
nautical expert attached to the Brit
ish meteorological offiee, and is in con
stant intercourse with seamen, reports
many observations that tend to con
trovert this opinion. Certain observ
ers claim that the wing-fins are in con
stant rapid vibration, and seem actu
ally to serve, the purpose of flight
One vessel master watched a fish
money is kept on two floors of the
fortress and is packed in 1,200 oaken
i chests. Each chest contains $25,000
- in gold. The inviolability of these
I chambers is secured in the following
manner: They have triple doors with
Svarious locks whose keys are held
I by certain oficials of the ministry of
war, and these keys each open only
r one door, so that no one omical is
ever able to enter alone.
The clamps of the chests are sealed
I and stamped in such a way that it is
n possible for them to be tampered
they do not know the difference ib
tween a pear and an apple tree. In
most camps boys learn to make thes
In camp boys and girl learn to wash
dishes, to be economical with food and
to like food that they would not
previously eat at home. I have known
camp life to change a boy's appetite
completely, so that on going home he
was glad to eat such wholesome foods
as boiled rice and Indian meal muash
which he would not touch before.
Camping life will not make a child
expert at any particular trade or o0
cupation, but it serves to show him
how much skill is required in doing
much of the work usually performed
by the laboring classes. Whenever a
boy tries to perform any manual In
bor his respect for it increases, He
has a try at rowing, swimmintg, li.
ing, fishing, running an engine, r -
pairing a boat and sometimes in build.
ing small boats. He learns the use of
tools common to country people, who
are more independent of plumbers
carpenters, masons, etc., than eit
Perhaps one of the most importhat
lessons for a child to learn is respeet
for labor. When a boy has hoed a
few hills of horn he instinctively re
marks that he would hate to keep
tha up all day. If he follows the hay
for an hour he realises that "rah
ing after" is not all sport. When he
takes a shovel and attempts to assist
in digging a trench or drain he suda
denly realises why those laborer
whom he has seen in the cite at the
same kind of work seemed to taie
their time about it. After five mi
utes of that work he learns Just where
his backbone is located.
There are many other educational
advantages which are Incidental to
camp life, such as practice in sinagirg
speec.Lnaklng, editorial work on the
camp paper, literary entertainments
etc. The camp paper though, sedoe
more than a simple manuserlpt. i
often a very Insenaous preduetiom In
which the editor, together with the
camp artist, succeeds in brilgli
home to the lads some wonderful its
of news as well as some healthful
The social advantages of camp ise
are many and varied. The close rei
tion in which boys live at camp tin
variably results in the formation oi
that had attained an altitude of iS
feet above the water and was tyiag
toward the misses rigging of hifablip,
when, apparently noticing the ohb
struction, it changed its course about
60 degrees, erossing the vessel's sters
to regain the water. Many other sd.
liar observations are mentioned. A
series of cinematograph pictures
might solve this question ones for al
Minnesota's new prison at Stillwater
will cost $2,000,000. It is a "daylght"
discovery. Moreover, the weight c
each sack and chest is registered.-.
I Harper's Weekly.
Search That Never Ends.
Ignorance may find a truth on it.
doorstep that erudition vainly seeks I -
Never Even Teid.
S.Have you hot wat in
house?" "Have I? My dear boy.
I am never oat ot Ir "