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HARVESTING AND STORING OF SORGHUMS
r"~lf I z ýG- y `i1. - >'ý~, - " ý . .' ')?1` ,". . ,-_- .--o ý - _ Growing orghum. Growingl Sorghum. tr'repared by the United States Depart mrnent of Agriculture.) As moldy or wormy heads, or musty and weeviled sorghum grain will not be palatable to stock any more than corn or oats in the same condition, the proper harvesting and storing of these grains Is very important to the grower who is to use them for feed on his own farm. If the grains are intended for market it is obvious that to bring the best prices they must be brought to market in as nearly prime condition as is possible. In Farmers' Bulletin No. 686, "Uses of Sorghum Grain," the cereal experts, especially those who have been spe clalising on the sorghums, offer the following directions for the prepara tion and storage of grain sorghums: Harvesting. The grain-sorghum crop is harvest-I header, or it iIs headed by hand. " That which is bound may be fed in the bundle or shocked and headed later in the season or as needed. Fepd lag in the bundle usually is practiced only as a maintenance ration for horses not at work or cattle not pro ducing milk or being fattened for mar ket. One problem in the handling of grain sorghum when the crop is head ed is the proper curing and storage of the heads. Usually these heads are thrown out in long, shallow piles to cure, If the crop Is at all green or itf it is wet from recent rains. This is a satisfactory way of curing In favorable weather and if the piles are not made too large. If the crop is fully mature and thor oughly dry the heads may be hauled direct to the granary or crib. This can be done More safely in the case of milo and feterita than in the case of kaflr. The short, broad heads of milo, with their somewhat crooked HINTS FOR THE POULTRYMAN Fifteen Practical Suggestions on Care of Eggs and Attention Necessary for the Flock. 1. Do not keep mongrel stock. -Do not allow the nests to become L Separate the laying hens from the sitting hens. 4. Gather the eggs at least every day, better twice a day during very warm weather. 5. Keep all eggs in a dry, cool, well ventilated place. 6. Do not keep eggs in a kitchen near a are of any kind. 7. Never wash eggs, as it spoils their keeping qualities. 8 Do not sell eggs "case conut." but demand that your eggs be candled. !. It is best to market the eggs every three days in warm weather. 1i Do not market eggs that have been placed in an Incubator and can died out. 11. Do not market small, inferior and dirty eggs. Use this kind at home. 1. Eggs readily absorb odors and should be kept away from anything such as oil, onions or any material that has a strong odor. 13. Separate the mile birds from the flock as soon as the hatching season is over. 14. Eggs that are of questionable quality, such as those secured from stolea nests, ought not to be marketed as frlesh eggs. 1. When takin eggs to market it Is better to keel them covered rather than to expose them to the sun's rays. aRN YoUr Wofrk rges, > to reA ypur work horses and rip .gl. g aDig hsiess is whaMt -ln s s-al ste -one. stens, do not pack tightly together. The kaflr heads are more slender, and the straight stem is still green and 1 somwhat juicy when the grain is ripe. This crop is more likely to heat, there fore, when piled in quantity. Headed kafir or milo may be sold or fed in the head, or the heads may be ground into head chops, or they may be threshed and only the grain used. The threshed grain should never be fed whole, but always ground coarsely, in which form it is known as kafir or milo chops. Storing. One of the problems in connection with the use of these grains is in the Sstorage of the heads or threshed grain or chops. Like corn, they may get out of condition and become damaged if special care is not taken. Cribs and bins used for storing the heads ca Wi.. lt ventilated. They Sbe examined from time to time to make sure that the contents are not being damaged by beating. The grain should always be allowed to become thoroughly cured before threshing or grinding. In ordinary threshing a high percentage of the grain is cracked. Cracked grain will absorb moisture and spoil more read ily than whole grain. Great care should be taken to crack as little as possible in threshing. The proportion of cracked kernels can be much de creased by reducing the speed of the cylinder or by removing part of the concaves. The grain should be thoroughly dry before being stored in bins and It should be watched while storage con tinues. The average moisture content of sorghum grain is not as high as that of corn. This is due partly, per haps, to its being produced in dry dies tricts. Nevertheless, when the water content is above normal they will heat readily if not carefully handled. Ex cessive moisture content is probably the most common cause of damage. I TREES PLANTED IN THE FALL Better Growth the First Summer Than Those Planted in the Spring and Winter. Trees and shrubs planted in the fall make a better growth the first summer than those planted in the winter and spring. This is a fact that has long been known by tree planters. Investigations by the Missouri experi ment station show that the growth of a tree set in the fall is better than that of one set in the spring by from 23 to 100 per cent. The chief reasons for this differ ence in favor of early planting are the solid packing the soil around the roots and the barly callousing of the cut surfaces. Both these are essential as preliminarles to growth. Buds on I spring-planted trees swell before the. roots start, and seemingly the tree Iloses no time, but as a matter of fact - growing cmannot really begin till the roots have started. They must send up to the trunk and branches sap, and this can be done only when roots have taken hold of the earth so that a lib. I eral supply of sap may be furnished I from below to replenish that stored in the tree which tends to flow up ward with the coming of spring. I Therefore it is well to plant trees as early to the fall and winter as they I can be had in good condition from Ithe nurserias.-Southland Parmer. Unprofitable Prasticesa It does not pay to attempt to lay up a bank account by saving moey that shoald be expended in feeding the live stock or withholding it Brem ,the purchasisg a well-bren mal . Slatas Yu- stek sand koepln a Sscrub male r twe la s tlm COMMON SENSE I:J HOG LOT Trouble With Many of Us Is That We Give Our Swine Altogether Too Little Attention. (T'y M. KELI.Y.,J f The question which breed of swine 1 to select for the economic pro- J duction of pork is perhaps of less im- r portance ted:ay than in the pa-t. a The lcadig so ine breeders have be- I gun to rtcd gnize the fact that thliy must sliane their favorite breeds to meet m;arkit demands. As a natural I result, the, type of all the 1. ,ý,-i 1 breeds iow coneforms to a fixed stand IJ t Healthy, Well-Muscled Hog. ard that meets the demands of the packing houses. The hog that best meets the de mand of the present time is a well muscled hog, that will supply a fair amount of lard, and fat meat well marbled with lean, and be ready for market at any desired age. Practical pig growers, and feeders of market hogs look for good quality, depth, length and width of form, and uniformity of type, regardless of the breed, color and characteristic mark ings. However, it is essential that we se lect our breeding animals from some well-estabished breed, for promiscu ous mating of swine of various types has a tendency to destroy the types of all the breeds employed in the crosses and to throw away the result of years of systematic selecting and mating, and perpetuate a certain fixed type in the breed. This point has been illustrated by mating a half Po land China and half Chester White sow with a pure-bred Berkshire boar. The pigs resulting from the cross were red, spotted, speckled and striped, showing that the improved type of all three used in the cross was lost, and with it the improvements in color and markings. 1 The result was the return of the ot spring by the principle of heredity to the original scrub type. CARING FOR AILING ANIMALS Syringe invented by Illinois Man for I Dosing or Inoculating Horses, Cows and the Like. t The Scientific American, in esecrib. I lng a syringe invented by H. L. Cal houn of Dow, says: "Calhoun's invention relates to syringes, particularly to the type used for dosing or inoculating animals, such as horses, cows and the like, and the main object thereof is to provide a Syringe for Dosing Animals. syringe which is provided with means for automatically discharging the con tents, and the means for manually controlling said discharge; means whereby a person may manlpulate a syringe of relatively large size with one hand while being free to employ the other for other purposes," HOGS INFESTED WITH WORMS Many Owners Never ~Sspet Anything Wrong Until His Animals Show Visible Signs of Sicknes. Some hog growers positively know their hogs are not infested with worms, although they have never giv en them anything to prevent them. Some think their hogs are all right in this respect. The downright truth is that 90 per cent of the hogs are infested with worms and the owner never suspects until his hogs show signs of sickness. It pays to be on the safe sids all the time in this regard. Keep Pure-Bred Males. When live stock is a factor 0o the farm make every field hog-tight nad sheep-tight; have thoroughly good per manent pastures; grow leguminous crops; build a silo; and keep only pure-bred males. These five thins are absolutely essential in the eco nomical production of live stock. Function of Live Stock. It is an important function of live stock on the farm to furnish a market for the crops grown, enabling brmers to convert the Ugrasses, forag crops, legumes, and so on, into highuuepriced fished products and to retwn to the sol the plant food takes hfrme it. Dant swear at the heruee.** os I - u se. - thq mast M - G000 STORY, ANY WAY' Bill Sanders' Imagination Was Working. All Right. But the Fact Seemed to Be That He Never Owned a Fish Basket and His Tale Was Scmewhat Weakened. "I stopped at Shinhopple on my way I for a few days with thi trout ,,n the' liHaverkili. in Sullivain county," saii John (;ilt;ert, the traPliing groc'ry mlan. "iantld Ihill ande'rs the lioumr o:' all that co,unt1yr . I 'ttonthl:, lci me and i said: " (;oin to tatk!, the tr at owr in Sullivan. hl ? \\',ll, wh r's your grun Don't tspect to git a ;ifrom th li with your trout if yvoit i i t tiak- n, t ginl). di un?1 I lft ni:',, l m ci on thit i'ooi. , truit that r d11l- I-,d a ly all phihlll'1I a worme ti\x :,'lig to0In upiper l:.i v rc ill watl ^-. I. : " nIthliit' of a t -|p. unld ti !, I:-; 1. j. "' I didnt hav , no Ig : , ': onc a lo t this tim*' last s, faun. \Vhar s your gun. John. said 1ill. I stared at: Iill and allow -d that I i couldln't so why a gri hoatil he a part of my Sullivan counity trout lish- t Ine equipment. and he sail: "'BWars. that's why! lBars! Better git a gun. John! I'd 'a' lugged home 1 ten yound of old soekdolagers an' wouldn't 'a' lost my ten-pound fish basket if I'd only had a gun. I was ' fishin' on them upper Beaverkill wa ters, and I had jest about filled that ten-pound basket o' mine, beln' only two pounds shy o' runnin' it up to the limit. "'I come along by a hole whar I was sartin I could git them needed two I pound, an' at fust thought I considered I mought as well end the business by yankin' out a two-pounder right on the jump, but on thinkin' a leetle fur der I says to myself that it'd be a heap more fun to make it two one pounders, an' so that's what I con cluded to do. "'1 clum down the rocks to git to the spot whar I was goin' to land that pair o' one-pounders, settin' my fish I basket down at the top o' the rocks I for fear I mought stumble an' Jest ez I like ez not spill them eight pound o' I fish outen it. I got down all right, an' I soon had one o' them one-pounders I hooked, an' I give him line. He run down the crick a hundred foot 'fore he stopped to rest, an' then dinged if I he didn't stop right whar a slammin' 4 big b'ar was standin' in the crick. doin' i a little fishin' on his own account! S'Well, sor, John.' said Bill. 'it's I Shinhopple gospel truth I'm tellin' you, I but 'tore I could wind that pound trout back an' away from that the b'ar ritc) out an' socked the hooks o' his i big claw in my trout, yanked it outen I the water, grabbed my fishline, broke I It off, and, holdin' the trout up a spell for me to take a partin' look at It, makin' my dander raise so that it all but knocked my hat off, he give his jaws a warnin' snap or two, an' waddled outen the crick an' off into the bushes, takin' my pound trout with 1 him. Then, I kin tell you. I woke up. "'""Not if I know it you don't git away with that air fish!" I hollered t arter that outdacious b'ar. an' turned I Surgeon General Rupert Blue of the U. S. Public Health Service Says: 9I WANT TO WARN YOU AGAINST THE CRAZE PEOPLE IN THIS COUNTRY HAVE FOR WHITE FLOUR. THE WHITEST FLOUR IS NOT THE BEST; IT IS NOT THE PUREST; IT IS ONLY THE DEAREST, AND WHEN YOU BUY IT YOU BUY LOOKS AND NOT NOURISHMENT. IN ORDER TO MAKE IT WHITE, SOME OF THE MOST NOUR ISHING AND ESSENTIAL COMPONENTS OF THE NATURAL WHEAT HAVE BEEN TAKEN AWAY." These "nourishing and essential components" are the priceless mineral phosphates of the grain, known as the "tissue salts," indispensable for perfect health of body, brain and nerves. Everywhere food scientists and physicians are sounding a like note of warning, for a host of ids is following the pernicious practise of casting out these elements in the milling process and that, simply to make the flour look white and pretty. Neurasthenia, anemia, Bright's diseases constipation, rickets, and a lowered resistance against disease in general, are some of these ills. More and more thinking people are waking up to this evil Thee's a way out. Grape-Nuts FOOD made of whole wheat and barley, retains all the nutriment of the grains and those "essential cozponents"- the mineral elements. This splendid food was devised years ago to supply this very lack in ordinary food and fortify the system against the onslaughts of disease. It does it wonderfully well. oGra Nuts comes read to eat. convenient, economical and nourishing, and has become a eWord in thousands of homes for its sterling food values and delicious Savor. "*There's a Reason':' for Grape-Nuts CALOMEL WHEN BLIOUS? NO! STOP! ACTS LIKE DYNAMITE ON LIVER I Guarantee "Dodson's Liver Tone" Will Give You the Best Liver and Bowel Cleansing You Ever Had-Doesn't Make You Sick! Stop using calooll. It mlakc. you sick. Don't lose a day's V. ork. If youF tel lazy. slucL.ish, bilious or consti pated,. listen to lilt'! ('alom.l is ntorcury or quicksilver which causes nIlros of the bontes. Calomel. ln .t it ,onies in:o contact with sour bile, crashllt intc it, oreaking it up This Is ~ h, n you feel that aw ful nlausea n;d cralnlpig. If you feel "all knock, d out." if your liv,.r is tor pid andl nowt s cotil>iti. d or you have headache, di ': in, ., s',d tongu., if re';th is bhat or 4t m:ch sol ar n.t Irt a spo'.fil of :i'rIt ss it > n's Liver Tone. hlat I ha) lleft thrl fer o t" ') anf. ru a'n't har I put . I looked a.tll bottle of Dut it wa'n't nowhar to i: 'em to one side. an' thar I see two ib'ar b alkn off with my basketi 11]1 that trout ' " take Ili, ,:i's, ,.t :i ,.. o' fish artkin' him abetwixt 'emh:k like ah up till his t(-.nail< rattled. "'couplhen I got carryin'k to a pall too' I wateri kivered that my ten-pound lishh-lw ,k't that I had left thr frschool to go. with them eight pound o' trout in it. wa'n't whar I put it. I looked all around, bu t owan't nowhar to be seen. I run to the bushes an' pushed 'allm to one side. an' thar I see two b'ar cubs walkin' off with my hasket o' fish, cartin' it betwixt 'er, like a couple o' boys carryin' a pall o' water they had been let outen school to go git! ten-pouSay I was jest about knocked silly! An' as I gawked arter that pair o' sassy young thievin' cubs, they was jined by the old b'ar that had ketched my pound trout only a minute or so afore, down the crt an' b'away they all wentter gest hollerin' an' kickin with joyfulness over the way they had done me them dirty tricks! on ovStead o' bounding arter that fam ly o' highway robber btars, chokin' the daylights outen 'ehim. an' gittin' my ten-pound fish-basket an' my fish back, I was so consarned discumfuddled that I stood thar like a bump on a log an' let 'emou gt away with the hull dinged business. "Uncle J'But say. It I'd only had a keun! I'd 'a' not only lugged home that mess o' sockdolagin' ol' trout an' saved my ten-pound fish-basket, but I'd 'a' toted in a snug heft o' b'ar meat an' pelt! Better Jit a gun, John, if you'm goin' over to Sullivan arter trout an' 'spect to ldit away with 'eat!' said Bill. 'dn thanked Bill, told him I'd think about it, aksed him what he'd have, paid for it, and went on my way, but dodn 't got around the bend in the road idy the red schoohouse yet when I heard someone hailing me. It was Uncle Joe Bunker, who had taken a short cut and headed me off. I stopped. "'Say, John,' said Uncle Joe, com ing up puffing. 'Bill Sanders was lyin' to you wass'n Annyntas!' "I told Uncle Joe that I knew it 'Didn't think I'd swallow any such doings of bears as that, did yourT' said L lpoonful a!nl if it (it) - 't straighten you( righit u an:nl ~ : . ' m,) foi I line and vigroias I wm:tnt t' M n ri' ack to the store a;ind g, t Nar 1ni1t!!, . I)od snl's L.iver Tone is c -irrmtying the tite of c.l,,rn, l!, :t:-P is real liver medicine; entir.ly <<"s ,,, !i,.. th,'ri fore it cr nilnot silivatit or lt:, \ sick. I guar:atrto, that (,: onfutl of Dodtson', I.irt'r l'i-n.' \ill put your sluggish live r to \x -k ,1 I, -n your hm .els.- ,f Ith t .,t.rr bi . ; a; ,,t < tonstl pated nate ' 'hii1 is : uing tar Slit ti at.u th0' r'i-' t ir t f , I di n'' .iv",'r T'Vone i! ,, r i , it'r t filln Il no:r-. (;ive it to ,' - 'o, ii'. r, . ant taste. " .;. . ., . 'that n, ,r i f , 1 n al2 r :.t about L, h a'.-. Itlut th,' I,' n pii l t l itii-bas k'r' 11ill .":t r,l+'r.< ,iau t u vt"er havO It) tt'el-p til-1, 1 1sh r),-'k t!'. No, not (V.\on I Ilt ,trld tih-i:basket!' said i'neil Joe."-New jYork Sun. Fir Stabs Found of Value. Fir slabs, the dlistlositioni of which forms a prolblem for the sawmills of the northwest, have been found by a chemistry student at the University of Washington to be exceedingly rich in tanning content. From three cords of fir slabs he could obtain as much of the extract, which is used in tanning and in the manufacture of inks and dyes, as from a cord of western hem. lock hark. The bark costs $11.50 a cord, whereas three cords of the fir slab may he bought at anywhere from three to six dollars, depending on the location of the mills. Further, the tannin content of chestnut wood, which yields 200.000,000 pounds of ex tract annually in the East, is only a little greater than that of the fir slab. Chestnut has an average content of 3.62 per cent, while the fir slab runs from 5.45 to 5.92 per cent. What He Used Them For. Customer-I want another fire ex. tinguisher. Used the last one all up last night. Clerk-Glad to sell them to you, sir, but aren't you rather careless at your place. That is the third one I've sold you in a week. Customer-Oh, I don't use them for fire. They are the greatest thing on earth for chasing out your daughter's late callers.-Judge. Getting Even. "lThe cook asked for a week of to get married, so I gave it to her." "I don't think I would have done that. You can't spare her very well -now." "I know I can't, but It was the only way I saw to ever get even with her." The Advantage. "We want the bald facts In the as we rs over e." "Then we can't split hairs over It."