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HARVESTING AND STORING OF SORGHUMS
ýG- y `i1. - >'ý~, - " ý . .' ')?1` ,". . ,-_- .--o ý - _
tr'repared by the United States Depart
mrnent of Agriculture.)
As moldy or wormy heads, or musty
and weeviled sorghum grain will not
be palatable to stock any more than
corn or oats in the same condition,
the proper harvesting and storing of
these grains Is very important to the
grower who is to use them for feed
on his own farm. If the grains are
intended for market it is obvious that
to bring the best prices they must be
brought to market in as nearly prime
condition as is possible.
In Farmers' Bulletin No. 686, "Uses
of Sorghum Grain," the cereal experts,
especially those who have been spe
clalising on the sorghums, offer the
following directions for the prepara
tion and storage of grain sorghums:
The grain-sorghum crop is harvest-I
header, or it iIs headed by hand.
" That which is bound may be fed in
the bundle or shocked and headed
later in the season or as needed. Fepd
lag in the bundle usually is practiced
only as a maintenance ration for
horses not at work or cattle not pro
ducing milk or being fattened for mar
One problem in the handling of
grain sorghum when the crop is head
ed is the proper curing and storage
of the heads. Usually these heads
are thrown out in long, shallow piles
to cure, If the crop Is at all green
or itf it is wet from recent rains.
This is a satisfactory way of curing
In favorable weather and if the piles
are not made too large.
If the crop is fully mature and thor
oughly dry the heads may be hauled
direct to the granary or crib. This
can be done More safely in the case
of milo and feterita than in the case
of kaflr. The short, broad heads of
milo, with their somewhat crooked
HINTS FOR THE POULTRYMAN
Fifteen Practical Suggestions on Care
of Eggs and Attention Necessary
for the Flock.
1. Do not keep mongrel stock.
-Do not allow the nests to become
L Separate the laying hens from the
4. Gather the eggs at least every
day, better twice a day during very
5. Keep all eggs in a dry, cool, well
6. Do not keep eggs in a kitchen
near a are of any kind.
7. Never wash eggs, as it spoils
their keeping qualities.
8 Do not sell eggs "case conut."
but demand that your eggs be candled.
!. It is best to market the eggs
every three days in warm weather.
1i Do not market eggs that have
been placed in an Incubator and can
11. Do not market small, inferior
and dirty eggs. Use this kind at home.
1. Eggs readily absorb odors and
should be kept away from anything
such as oil, onions or any material
that has a strong odor.
13. Separate the mile birds from the
flock as soon as the hatching season is
14. Eggs that are of questionable
quality, such as those secured from
stolea nests, ought not to be marketed
as frlesh eggs.
1. When takin eggs to market it
Is better to keel them covered rather
than to expose them to the sun's rays.
aRN YoUr Wofrk rges,
> to reA ypur work horses and
rip .gl. g aDig hsiess is whaMt
-ln s s-al ste -one.
stens, do not pack tightly together.
The kaflr heads are more slender, and
the straight stem is still green and 1
somwhat juicy when the grain is ripe.
This crop is more likely to heat, there
fore, when piled in quantity.
Headed kafir or milo may be sold
or fed in the head, or the heads may
be ground into head chops, or they
may be threshed and only the grain
used. The threshed grain should
never be fed whole, but always ground
coarsely, in which form it is known
as kafir or milo chops.
One of the problems in connection
with the use of these grains is in the
Sstorage of the heads or threshed grain
or chops. Like corn, they may get
out of condition and become damaged
if special care is not taken. Cribs
and bins used for storing the heads
ca Wi.. lt ventilated. They
Sbe examined from time to time
to make sure that the contents are not
being damaged by beating.
The grain should always be allowed
to become thoroughly cured before
threshing or grinding. In ordinary
threshing a high percentage of the
grain is cracked. Cracked grain will
absorb moisture and spoil more read
ily than whole grain. Great care
should be taken to crack as little as
possible in threshing. The proportion
of cracked kernels can be much de
creased by reducing the speed of the
cylinder or by removing part of the
The grain should be thoroughly dry
before being stored in bins and It
should be watched while storage con
tinues. The average moisture content
of sorghum grain is not as high as
that of corn. This is due partly, per
haps, to its being produced in dry dies
tricts. Nevertheless, when the water
content is above normal they will heat
readily if not carefully handled. Ex
cessive moisture content is probably
the most common cause of damage.
I TREES PLANTED IN THE FALL
Better Growth the First Summer Than
Those Planted in the Spring
Trees and shrubs planted in the
fall make a better growth the first
summer than those planted in the
winter and spring. This is a fact that
has long been known by tree planters.
Investigations by the Missouri experi
ment station show that the growth
of a tree set in the fall is better than
that of one set in the spring by from
23 to 100 per cent.
The chief reasons for this differ
ence in favor of early planting are the
solid packing the soil around the roots
and the barly callousing of the cut
surfaces. Both these are essential as
preliminarles to growth. Buds on
I spring-planted trees swell before the.
roots start, and seemingly the tree
Iloses no time, but as a matter of fact
- growing cmannot really begin till the
roots have started. They must send
up to the trunk and branches sap, and
this can be done only when roots have
taken hold of the earth so that a lib.
I eral supply of sap may be furnished
I from below to replenish that stored
in the tree which tends to flow up
ward with the coming of spring.
I Therefore it is well to plant trees as
early to the fall and winter as they
I can be had in good condition from
Ithe nurserias.-Southland Parmer.
It does not pay to attempt to lay
up a bank account by saving moey
that shoald be expended in feeding
the live stock or withholding it Brem
,the purchasisg a well-bren mal .
Slatas Yu- stek sand koepln a
Sscrub male r twe la s tlm
COMMON SENSE I:J HOG LOT
Trouble With Many of Us Is That We
Give Our Swine Altogether Too
(T'y M. KELI.Y.,J f
The question which breed of swine 1
to select for the economic pro- J
duction of pork is perhaps of less im- r
portance ted:ay than in the pa-t. a
The lcadig so ine breeders have be- I
gun to rtcd gnize the fact that thliy
must sliane their favorite breeds to
meet m;arkit demands. As a natural I
result, the, type of all the 1. ,ý,-i 1
breeds iow coneforms to a fixed stand
Healthy, Well-Muscled Hog.
ard that meets the demands of the
The hog that best meets the de
mand of the present time is a well
muscled hog, that will supply a fair
amount of lard, and fat meat well
marbled with lean, and be ready for
market at any desired age.
Practical pig growers, and feeders
of market hogs look for good quality,
depth, length and width of form, and
uniformity of type, regardless of the
breed, color and characteristic mark
However, it is essential that we se
lect our breeding animals from some
well-estabished breed, for promiscu
ous mating of swine of various types
has a tendency to destroy the types
of all the breeds employed in the
crosses and to throw away the result
of years of systematic selecting and
mating, and perpetuate a certain fixed
type in the breed. This point has
been illustrated by mating a half Po
land China and half Chester White
sow with a pure-bred Berkshire boar.
The pigs resulting from the cross were
red, spotted, speckled and striped,
showing that the improved type of all
three used in the cross was lost, and
with it the improvements in color and
The result was the return of the ot
spring by the principle of heredity to
the original scrub type.
CARING FOR AILING ANIMALS
Syringe invented by Illinois Man for I
Dosing or Inoculating Horses,
Cows and the Like.
The Scientific American, in esecrib. I
lng a syringe invented by H. L. Cal
houn of Dow, says:
"Calhoun's invention relates to
syringes, particularly to the type used
for dosing or inoculating animals, such
as horses, cows and the like, and the
main object thereof is to provide a
Syringe for Dosing Animals.
syringe which is provided with means
for automatically discharging the con
tents, and the means for manually
controlling said discharge; means
whereby a person may manlpulate a
syringe of relatively large size with
one hand while being free to employ
the other for other purposes,"
HOGS INFESTED WITH WORMS
Many Owners Never ~Sspet Anything
Wrong Until His Animals Show
Visible Signs of Sicknes.
Some hog growers positively know
their hogs are not infested with
worms, although they have never giv
en them anything to prevent them.
Some think their hogs are all right in
The downright truth is that 90 per
cent of the hogs are infested with
worms and the owner never suspects
until his hogs show signs of sickness.
It pays to be on the safe sids all the
time in this regard.
Keep Pure-Bred Males.
When live stock is a factor 0o the
farm make every field hog-tight nad
sheep-tight; have thoroughly good per
manent pastures; grow leguminous
crops; build a silo; and keep only
pure-bred males. These five thins
are absolutely essential in the eco
nomical production of live stock.
Function of Live Stock.
It is an important function of live
stock on the farm to furnish a market
for the crops grown, enabling brmers
to convert the Ugrasses, forag crops,
legumes, and so on, into highuuepriced
fished products and to retwn to the
sol the plant food takes hfrme it.
Dant swear at the heruee.** os
I - u se. - thq mast M -
G000 STORY, ANY WAY'
Bill Sanders' Imagination Was
Working. All Right.
But the Fact Seemed to Be That He
Never Owned a Fish Basket and
His Tale Was Scmewhat
"I stopped at Shinhopple on my way I
for a few days with thi trout ,,n the'
liHaverkili. in Sullivain county," saii
John (;ilt;ert, the traPliing groc'ry
mlan. "iantld Ihill ande'rs the lioumr o:'
all that co,unt1yr . I 'ttonthl:, lci me and i
" (;oin to tatk!, the tr at owr in
Sullivan. hl ? \\',ll, wh r's your grun
Don't tspect to git a ;ifrom th li
with your trout if yvoit i i t tiak- n, t
ginl). di un?1 I lft ni:',, l m ci on thit
i'ooi. , truit that r d11l- I-,d a ly
all phihlll'1I a worme ti\x :,'lig to0In
upiper l:.i v rc ill watl ^-. I. : " nIthliit'
of a t -|p. unld ti !, I:-; 1. j. "'
I didnt hav , no Ig : , ': onc a lo t this
tim*' last s, faun. \Vhar s your gun.
John. said 1ill.
I stared at: Iill and allow -d that I i
couldln't so why a gri hoatil he a
part of my Sullivan counity trout lish- t
Ine equipment. and he sail:
"'BWars. that's why! lBars! Better
git a gun. John! I'd 'a' lugged home 1
ten yound of old soekdolagers an'
wouldn't 'a' lost my ten-pound fish
basket if I'd only had a gun. I was '
fishin' on them upper Beaverkill wa
ters, and I had jest about filled that
ten-pound basket o' mine, beln' only
two pounds shy o' runnin' it up to the
"'I come along by a hole whar I was
sartin I could git them needed two I
pound, an' at fust thought I considered
I mought as well end the business by
yankin' out a two-pounder right on
the jump, but on thinkin' a leetle fur
der I says to myself that it'd be a
heap more fun to make it two one
pounders, an' so that's what I con
cluded to do.
"'1 clum down the rocks to git to
the spot whar I was goin' to land that
pair o' one-pounders, settin' my fish I
basket down at the top o' the rocks I
for fear I mought stumble an' Jest ez I
like ez not spill them eight pound o' I
fish outen it. I got down all right, an' I
soon had one o' them one-pounders I
hooked, an' I give him line. He run
down the crick a hundred foot 'fore
he stopped to rest, an' then dinged if I
he didn't stop right whar a slammin' 4
big b'ar was standin' in the crick. doin' i
a little fishin' on his own account!
S'Well, sor, John.' said Bill. 'it's I
Shinhopple gospel truth I'm tellin' you, I
but 'tore I could wind that pound trout
back an' away from that the b'ar
ritc) out an' socked the hooks o' his i
big claw in my trout, yanked it outen I
the water, grabbed my fishline, broke I
It off, and, holdin' the trout up a
spell for me to take a partin' look at
It, makin' my dander raise so that
it all but knocked my hat off, he give
his jaws a warnin' snap or two, an'
waddled outen the crick an' off into
the bushes, takin' my pound trout with 1
him. Then, I kin tell you. I woke up.
"'""Not if I know it you don't git
away with that air fish!" I hollered t
arter that outdacious b'ar. an' turned I
Surgeon General Rupert Blue
of the U. S. Public Health
9I WANT TO WARN YOU AGAINST THE CRAZE PEOPLE
IN THIS COUNTRY HAVE FOR WHITE FLOUR. THE
WHITEST FLOUR IS NOT THE BEST; IT IS NOT THE
PUREST; IT IS ONLY THE DEAREST, AND WHEN YOU
BUY IT YOU BUY LOOKS AND NOT NOURISHMENT. IN
ORDER TO MAKE IT WHITE, SOME OF THE MOST NOUR
ISHING AND ESSENTIAL COMPONENTS OF THE NATURAL
WHEAT HAVE BEEN TAKEN AWAY."
These "nourishing and essential components" are the priceless mineral phosphates of the
grain, known as the "tissue salts," indispensable for perfect health of body, brain and nerves.
Everywhere food scientists and physicians are sounding a like note of warning, for a host
of ids is following the pernicious practise of casting out these elements in the milling process
and that, simply to make the flour look white and pretty. Neurasthenia, anemia, Bright's diseases
constipation, rickets, and a lowered resistance against disease in general, are some of these ills.
More and more thinking people are waking up to this evil Thee's a way out.
made of whole wheat and barley, retains all the nutriment of the grains and those "essential
cozponents"- the mineral elements. This splendid food was devised years ago to supply
this very lack in ordinary food and fortify the system against the onslaughts of disease. It does
it wonderfully well.
oGra Nuts comes read to eat. convenient, economical and nourishing, and has become a
eWord in thousands of homes for its sterling food values and delicious Savor.
"*There's a Reason':' for Grape-Nuts
CALOMEL WHEN BLIOUS? NO! STOP!
ACTS LIKE DYNAMITE ON LIVER
I Guarantee "Dodson's Liver Tone" Will Give You the Best Liver
and Bowel Cleansing You Ever Had-Doesn't Make You Sick!
Stop using calooll. It mlakc. you
sick. Don't lose a day's V. ork. If youF
tel lazy. slucL.ish, bilious or consti
pated,. listen to lilt'!
('alom.l is ntorcury or quicksilver
which causes nIlros of the bontes.
Calomel. ln .t it ,onies in:o contact
with sour bile, crashllt intc it, oreaking
it up This Is ~ h, n you feel that aw
ful nlausea n;d cralnlpig. If you feel
"all knock, d out." if your liv,.r is tor
pid andl nowt s cotil>iti. d or you
have headache, di ': in, ., s',d
tongu., if re';th is bhat or 4t m:ch
sol ar n.t Irt a spo'.fil of :i'rIt ss
it > n's Liver Tone.
hlat I ha) lleft thrl fer o t" ') anf.
ru a'n't har I put . I looked a.tll
bottle of Dut it wa'n't nowhar to i:
'em to one side. an' thar I see two
ib'ar b alkn off with my basketi
11]1 that trout ' " take Ili, ,:i's, ,.t :i ,..
o' fish artkin' him abetwixt 'emh:k like ah
up till his t(-.nail< rattled.
"'couplhen I got carryin'k to a pall too' I wateri
kivered that my ten-pound lishh-lw ,k't
that I had left thr frschool to go.
with them eight pound o' trout in it.
wa'n't whar I put it. I looked all
around, bu t owan't nowhar to be
seen. I run to the bushes an' pushed
'allm to one side. an' thar I see two
b'ar cubs walkin' off with my hasket
o' fish, cartin' it betwixt 'er, like a
couple o' boys carryin' a pall o' water
they had been let outen school to go
ten-pouSay I was jest about knocked
silly! An' as I gawked arter that pair
o' sassy young thievin' cubs, they was
jined by the old b'ar that had ketched
my pound trout only a minute or so
afore, down the crt an' b'away they
all wentter gest hollerin' an' kickin
with joyfulness over the way they had
done me them dirty tricks!
on ovStead o' bounding arter that fam
ly o' highway robber btars, chokin'
the daylights outen 'ehim. an' gittin' my
ten-pound fish-basket an' my fish back,
I was so consarned discumfuddled that
I stood thar like a bump on a log
an' let 'emou gt away with the hull
"Uncle J'But say. It I'd only had a keun!
I'd 'a' not only lugged home that mess
o' sockdolagin' ol' trout an' saved
my ten-pound fish-basket, but I'd 'a'
toted in a snug heft o' b'ar meat an'
pelt! Better Jit a gun, John, if you'm
goin' over to Sullivan arter trout an'
'spect to ldit away with 'eat!' said Bill.
'dn thanked Bill, told him I'd think
about it, aksed him what he'd have,
paid for it, and went on my way, but
dodn 't got around the bend in the road
idy the red schoohouse yet when I
heard someone hailing me. It was
Uncle Joe Bunker, who had taken a
short cut and headed me off. I stopped.
"'Say, John,' said Uncle Joe, com
ing up puffing. 'Bill Sanders was lyin'
to you wass'n Annyntas!'
"I told Uncle Joe that I knew it
'Didn't think I'd swallow any such
doings of bears as that, did yourT'
lpoonful a!nl if it (it) - 't straighten
you( righit u an:nl ~ : . ' m,) foi I line
and vigroias I wm:tnt t' M n ri' ack to
the store a;ind g, t Nar 1ni1t!!, . I)od
snl's L.iver Tone is c -irrmtying the
tite of c.l,,rn, l!, :t:-P is real liver
medicine; entir.ly <<"s ,,, !i,.. th,'ri fore
it cr nilnot silivatit or lt:, \ sick.
I guar:atrto, that (,: onfutl of
Dodtson', I.irt'r l'i-n.' \ill put your
sluggish live r to \x -k ,1 I, -n your
hm .els.- ,f Ith t .,t.rr bi . ; a; ,,t < tonstl
pated nate ' 'hii1 is : uing tar
Slit ti at.u th0' r'i-' t ir t f , I di n''
.iv",'r T'Vone i! ,, r i , it'r t filln
Il no:r-. (;ive it to
,' - 'o, ii'. r, . ant taste.
" .;. . ., . 'that
n, ,r i f , 1 n al2 r :.t about
L, h a'.-. Itlut th,' I,' n pii l t l itii-bas
k'r' 11ill .":t r,l+'r.< ,iau t u vt"er havO
It) tt'el-p til-1, 1 1sh r),-'k t!'. No, not
(V.\on I Ilt ,trld tih-i:basket!' said
i'neil Joe."-New jYork Sun.
Fir Stabs Found of Value.
Fir slabs, the dlistlositioni of which
forms a prolblem for the sawmills of
the northwest, have been found by
a chemistry student at the University
of Washington to be exceedingly rich
in tanning content. From three cords
of fir slabs he could obtain as much of
the extract, which is used in tanning
and in the manufacture of inks and
dyes, as from a cord of western hem.
lock hark. The bark costs $11.50 a
cord, whereas three cords of the fir
slab may he bought at anywhere from
three to six dollars, depending on the
location of the mills. Further, the
tannin content of chestnut wood,
which yields 200.000,000 pounds of ex
tract annually in the East, is only a
little greater than that of the fir slab.
Chestnut has an average content of
3.62 per cent, while the fir slab runs
from 5.45 to 5.92 per cent.
What He Used Them For.
Customer-I want another fire ex.
tinguisher. Used the last one all up
Clerk-Glad to sell them to you, sir,
but aren't you rather careless at your
place. That is the third one I've sold
you in a week.
Customer-Oh, I don't use them for
fire. They are the greatest thing on
earth for chasing out your daughter's
"lThe cook asked for a week of to
get married, so I gave it to her."
"I don't think I would have done
that. You can't spare her very well
"I know I can't, but It was the only
way I saw to ever get even with her."
"We want the bald facts In the
as we rs over e."
"Then we can't split hairs over It."