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VOLUME I. . LAFAYETTE, LA., SATURDAY, AUGUST 19, 1893. NUMBER 24 1h m m i I "" ' n - n i no n l umn n • nu n n m mul m m n m nm u n u . . A SONG OF SUMMER. Early at the door of day Dim andi gray. Lo, the gleami of summer's handl Reschingtforth a rosy light O'er the white. Dewy, dream-efrolded land. Thel with her last stars goes spring, Wandering Down the shadowed west; and, hark! On the winds a wafted tune May to June Sends farewell across the dark. Suddenly the meadow sbjnee, And the vines With their fragrant rubles throng! Sum"rerl Happiest of words To the birds In ti- grove's green house ofi Bubbling fount of metody, Every tree Sprays the morn with music sweet% And the buds for June's dear sake Haste to break Into bloom around her feet. Slag the nymphs in sylvan nooks With the brooks Silver strings of nature's lute. And, where sweet the clover grows Piping goes Pan, with Echo in pursuit Higher soars the sun until Vale and hill In the morn's full beauty gleam; Every golden asmn unfurled. Glides the world Down the firmament's blue strean! All the land Is lit with love; And above. Love sets all the skies aflame; June!--and quick the love-fires start In the heart. Kindled with her whispered name! -PFrank Demplter Sherman, in Christian Union. iet I ([Copyright, 1898, by I enedlct Patpot.] HE illustrious Hollander, Ad miral Ruyter, kept in his parlor, in the place of honor, the humble dress he wore as a ship boy. Pope Sextus V. wore inlaitt in the pontifical golden cross the last cent which a charitable passer-by had given him when, in his childhood, he was herding swine. lMarius Balochard dis played on the mantel-piece of his din ing-room a magnificent frame of violet velvet in which appeared a silver five franc piece. lialochard, who now was settled in. Paris, at the head of a large dry goods establishment which he managed with his partner Bourdalin-Blalochard, the. happy husband and the kind father, the possessor of a great fortune, and who enjoyed the consideration of his neighbors-had begun his career in a, very humble way. Having come from Marseilles, at twenty years of age, with the avowed intention of conquering Paris, he suec ceeded without too much difficulty in obtaining a situation as clerk in the Magazins du Louvre at a salary of eighteen hundred francs a year. There he found time to do two things; to become intimate with a fel low clerk working at the same counter, and to fall in love with Mile. Estelle Becot, the daughter of Mme. Becot, who owned a large dry goods store in the Rue des Petits-Champs. Boardalin belonged to the race of fashionable clerks. When evening came, he dressed elegantly and went to the clubs. As for Balochard, he invariably spent his evenings wandering under his Dulcina's balcony and watching through the lighted shop windows the desk behind which he already saw himself sitting by Estelle's side Things went on so for quite awhile; then on a certain day Marius thought' that there was no reason why a clerk from Marseilles could not aspire to the hand of a Parisian, even if she were rich; and on a fine Sunday he ventured to call and state his aspirations. Ahi good reader, what a repulse! He was almost kicked out of the door! lie hastened to relate his sorrows to his friend Biourdalin; but the latter was himself in an absolutely lugubrious state of mind. He had lbst three thou sand francs the day before in a club, where, on account of his fine appear ance, he had enjoyed some credit, and had not the first cent to pay it with. The contact of two misfortunes in creases both. The friends already were talking about rope, revolver and char coal, when Bourdalin had an inspira tion. There was still one glimmer of hopejleft to them. One of his friends from Bordeaux had just won thirty thousand francs at Monaco. Why could they not have the same uInck? Yes, by the way, why not? Could not a Marseillais and and an Arlcsien beat the bank when a simple~Bordelais had, single handed, got the best of it to the tune of fifteen hundred louis? They called in all the money they could, they borrowed, they invented all * kinds of stories to get cash from their families, and at last they succeeded in collecting eight hundred franes. Provided with that amount, and with leave for a week's absence, the two friebds took the train and landed the Snext morning at Monte Carlo. It had been agreed that each one should take half of the capital and that they would operate separately; after that they would share the proflts. Byovirtue of this agreement, Bourda lin and Balochard made oinly one jump from the train to the Casino, and im mediately took their places, one at a roulete table, the other at a table of treante - st - uaran*e. Fortune greeted them with her most gracious smile At seven o'clock they met again; one with twenty thomsand franes, the other with sixteen thousaid. They wisely resolved to be satisfied with thattand with joy oens hearts went to the hotelmand treated themselves-to a dhinner. e one ~ one effet of% b~iia~lL evs·him -C · assume a rosy hue. Balochard and Bourdalin would not have changed places with the sultan of Turkey. They made great sport of the bank the good old thing--who had let them rob her of thirty thousand francs. And they discussed the use they would make of the amount. One thing only bothered them. Eighteen thousand francs each; that was not a round sum. An even twenty would have answered much better. One thing led to another, and eventu ally the two fellows, who were very gay, decided by common accord to go and take four more thousands from the good-natured bank. Having shared the money they en tered the gambling hall again. Bourdalin again took his place at trente-et-quarante But the bank defend ed herself, and so well that she com pletely routed Bourdalin. At the end of an hour the unfortunate was abso lutely penniless. "Fortunately," thought he, "'Balo chard has his share." lie rose and went to meet Balochard. He saw him coming toward him. Both met and spoke the same sentence: "Hand me three thousand francs!" Then followed a moment of stupefae tion. Both searched feverishly through their pockets. Every time they found a piece of money the35 put it in a bat. They counted up. There were four francs and fifty centimes. Impossible to make up the necessary "minimum" of a hundred sous which appeared to them as a symbol of hope. With rage and despair in their souls both remained standing, propounding the same question without hope of an answer: "Where could we borrow ten sous?" Suddenly Balochard had an inspira tion." "WVait for me here," he said. lie went out, remaining away five minutes, and came back twisting a five franc piece between his fingers and un der the nose of his stupefied companion. Without stopping, without giving his friend any explanation, he went to a roulette table. The ball- had just been spun. He threw the piece on number 19. Number 19 won. When the Casino closed, the five franc piece had multiplied: they had eighty thousand francs. As they came out, half crazed by these alternatives of joy and of despair, Balochard was seen to look carefully into the dark ness. "What are you looking for?" asked Bourdalin. "Why! I am looking for the police man, of course. Heavens! He is gone!" "What are you talking about? What policeman?" "That's so! 1 did not tell you. You do not suspect the way in which I pro cured these blessed five-francs. See, this lucky five-franc piece, which I have laid aside-" "No, you did not. By the way, how did you manage?" "It's shameful, my dear feliw. I asked the policeman on duty: 'My friend, have you a five-franc piece for some change?' He answered: 'Yes,' and handed me the coin. I took it and delicately placed in his hand the four francs and fifty centimes. While he was counting I went, up the stoop. I was at the top when he shouted to me: .FEVERISHLY SEARCHING THEIR POCKETS. 'Why, sir, there is only four francs and a half!' Then I took my most imposing tone, and replied: 'It does not matter, my friend.' I left him bewildered and came in. And now, we must find him for we are going to give him his re ward." "Of course! Good policeman!" They had to seek for a long while, but they were successful, and tU good policeman, who thought. he hMbeen "done" out of ten sous, was very much astonished when he received from un known parties ten sons and a large bonus '. As for Balochard and Bourdalin, they both bought an interest in Mmme Becot's house. Balochard married Estelle. And when his children ask him for the signification of that five-frane piece so luxuriously framed, he replies to them: "That's what I began with. See where work and economy may lead you!" A Costly Bluff. A landed proprietor from the German provinces was staying not long ago at a hotel in Berlin. He got into con versation with the landlord one evening, and they talked of the hard ness of the times. "It seems to me," said the visitor., "that the Berlin people have got no money left," taking from his pocket, as he spoke, a bulky purse, from which he took a couple of bank notes, twisted them into a spill and calmly lit his cigar. Boniface and the other people present stared at him in open-mouthed amzament SA few hours afterwards camen the time of the visitor's departure." Once mote he took out his purse, this time in order to pay his bill. He counted through his notes, and suddenly turned white, and then red. He found himself still in poussession of a score of flash notes, which he kept for the purpose of playing practical jokes; bruthlad lit his cigar with the only two nine notes he had with himl--London FS'o. -"Did he marry the girl who could paint things on crockery ware?" "No; he married on.gwho could cook things to put-into - 1orlrker wam."--. Y., FARM AND GARDEN. HOUSE FOR HOGS. KI Has ovable Partitles nan Corn Crtbs Under same Roof. The illustration presented herewith shows the plan of the interior of my hog house. In addition to sheltering pigs it has two cribs for corn. The building is 86x48 feet, and is divided as follows: Two feeding floors, 2 corn cribs, an alley way and two rows of pig pens. . The feeding floors, F L, are 8x48 feet. The alley, A, is 4 feet wide and runs the full length of the building, separating the two. rows of pens and the corn cribs. The cribs, C B, are 8x16 feet and. arranged so grain can be thrown from them into the alley, for feeding in the trqughs or, upon the feeding floors when wanted there. Pens for pigs are shown at P in the cat. They are divided by movable partitions, represented by the dotted lines in the figure, into pens 4x8 feet. The door at the rear of each of them opens on the feeding floor. Movable partitions can be made and placed across these floors dividing them into apartments 4x8 feet the same as those at P. With this ar rangement, opening the door at the rear and putting in a movable partition makes a pen 4x16 feet, or, by taking some out, pens 8x16, 16x16 or even FL i i iP-i : I CR I Ii o. FL PLAN Fon A HOo HOUSE. larger ones-can be made. They can be built solid board or open, of fence board to suit the convenience. They are held in place by nailing cleats to the wall or posts and having them fit into the groove.between. It is well to have a wooden pin stuck in above the top of the panel at each end, to keep the pigs from raising it. Fasten the pegs to the post or wall with leather or twine strings about a foot long, so they will not be lost. These partitions are light, being only 8 feet long, and can be readily put in place or removed. Drive two spikes or strong pegs into the stud ding at the rear of the feeding floor and hang the partitions on them when not in use. Place troughs, for feeding swill or other food, in the ends of the pens next to the alley, A. The feeder can give the pigs in each division just the amount of food he wants them to have without leaving the alley. Orange Judd Farmer. FEEDING PROFITABLY. It is a Business to Be Conducted on Bust ness Prlaciples. The feeding of stock both during growth and to properly finish for mar ket should be done on business princi ples. The amount of feed requir ed to make a pound of gain should be known as well as the manner of combining the different materials so as to form the best returns to secure the purpose for which it is being given. It is necessary to know what it costs to grow an animal for market, and this can only be known by knowing the value of the pasturage and feed given. Get the cost of properly fitting an animal for market, and it is compare tively easy when it is sold to know whether or not it has returned a fair profit. So long as there is so much variation in the results secured in feeding we can hardly determine which is the best course to follow in feeding. While much has been gained in reference to im proved methods of feeding, yet there is much variation as regards the rations that will secure the bestresults. Of course, in summer grass can be made the principal ration, especially with nearly or quite all growing ani mals. But in many cases, and es pecially when it is desired to push the growth, something in addition must be supplied. There are few farmers that can make up the ration that will be the very best that can be supplied. In fattening, the farmer that has plenty of corn will feed it almrost ex clusively. Another will fee. middlings, not because he believes middlings are best, but because he has not the corn, and concludes it is cheaper to buy middlings than corn. The same holds good with nearly all kinds of materials used for feeding stock, and with all classes of animaJs a ration is given, not because it is known to be the best for the purpose to be secured, but because it is most convenient. A better knowledge about feeding would not only lessen the risk of loss, but in very many cases would increase the profits. The man who knows how to feed, not only as to the best quantity, but the best rations, will be able under nearly all conditions to realize the best profits; and, while much may be learned from others, there is nothing that will equal our own careful ex periences.-Prairie Farmer. POULTRY PIOKINGS. To HAvE nice chickens give them plenty of room. ONze grain Of powdered opium given every four hours will check diarrhoea in matured chickens. So NOT use hlme on the floor of the poultry house. It generates ammonia from the droppings. IF you fail with a good incubator do not blaska the incubator, for the incu bator has paved a success. AsarceTnas is used by some as a preventive of gapes and other diseases. It is put into wnter and the water is used. IT is a good plain to shut the poultry out of the house and generously sprinkle it with kerosene oil Jf the house is shut up all summer th@kero. aene will kill all lnaeot,--~F~rer. Voeiti FACTS ABOUT PIGEONS. Mew te so eeesa.a Is fassIng the Feathered Arlstoersts. There are some kinds of aristocracy in this world which display too much human nature as far as companionship or social intercourse is concerned, but included among these are certainly not those charming creations whose robes are of feather instead of broadcloths or silks, but whose blood is as blue as the bluest, and whose pedigrees are as long as the longest. Companionship with pigeons, the feathered aristocrats, brings one into a kind of society that is very real and makes no pretense of be ing other than it is. To find the origin of pigeon breeding one would have to go far back into past ages Variety after variety has been produced. Varieties have been made to take on many peculiarities of form and color. Doctors, lawyers, preachers, statesmen and men in all other profes sions and walks of life have been most eager admirers and breeders of these feathered beauties. The interest be stowed upon the pigeon fancy has been very great. Fabulous sums have been expended for single specimens of a par ticular variety, and years have been spent in mating and breeding these birds to secure a coveted characteristic. The greatness of this work and the suc cess which has attended it can be well understood if one makes a visit to a pigeon exhibition and notes the almost infinite number of varieties that now exist, and the very great diversity among &hem in color and form. The beginner in pigeon keeping should visit one of the many poultry exhibitions. Here will be seen the tall and stately pouter, with his enormous protuberance of breast, making a bal loon of himself with his curious power of inflating the air sacs near the lungs. A most interesting bird is the pouter. but hardly suitable for a beginner's loft. Here also will be seen the dainty turbits, the owls, the tumblers and a host of others, but to my mind the most satisfactory stock for a beginner to put in his newly-made pigeon loft would be either the fantails or the IGo. 1.-'IGEON LOFT, WITH LOW, WIDE WINDOW. Jacobins. These are among the easiest to raise and possess, withal, so many points of beauty and of interest that one would net go astray were he to choose either, or both, varieties, for two different classes of pigeons can be kept in the same loft without any mixing of the varieties, but more satisfactory re sults will be obtained itf only one variety is chosen, at least in the begin nie fans are so called because of the enormous spread of their tails which look for all the world like the tails of turkey cocks when in the midst of their most pompous strutting. No more attractive sight could well be imagined than a collection of white fantails wheeling through the air and alighting on the green turf, with heads drawn back over their bodies, their tails spread to their fullest extent, and uttering the soft cooing notes of which which only pigeons are capable. With the fans, as with almost all other varieties, there are numerous subdivi sions differing in color alone, but the white and yellow colors are most com monly to be seen. When, however, one leaves the white color he can hardly expect his birds to have perfect uni fortuity of color in their plumage, as some will be of a lighter shade than others, or some other point of color dif ference may be presented. The white fans, therefore, being so beautiful in themselves, and breeding so true to color, are to my mind preferable as a choice for a beginner. The Jacobins have an even more cu rious characteristic as to feathering than the fantails. The feathers of the neck are long and part in a more or less distinct line around the throat, one part turning upward and forming a FIG. 9.-PIoEON LOFT, WITH ARCHEID WINDOW. distinct ruff around the head, which nearly conceals it. The other part lies down smoothly over the shoulders. Many buildings have unoccupied roof chambers. One end of these can be partitioned off and a very desirable pigeon loft thus obtained. A window must be placed in front, and, outside, a landing board for the pigeons to light upon. If a simple window is used it should be low and wide (Fig. 1), and be placed very near the floor, so that 1 the birds may readily get the sunshine, as they hunt for grain in the littered straw upon the floor, without going out into the cold air of winter days. An arched window (Fig. 2) is partincu larly attractive in these roof chambers when one's resources permit the extra expense necessary to secure one, but the rectangular shape will give just as goodresults. If the roof slopes down to the very floor, a low partition should be put in on either side. Pigeons al ways mate in pairs and remain so mated, so each pair must be provided its own roosting perch and nesting bowl of earthenware. It is convenient also to have a row of cages made of slats in which to shut up a pair, or in which to place the male bird, if he shows signs of a tyrannical abuse of his position, as head of the family, as he sometimes Boes during the brooding 1 season. Full directions for the care of these beautiful pets cannot be given in a short article, but let anyone begin with a few birds and he will soon learn by experience what to do and how to ' do it.-Webb Popuql in AIorican Ag rignitarstmu ALL IN GOOD TIME. wih Demoeratle Ad ia satiute Wll Per torm Its Daty Walthflty cad WelL Ever since the crushing defeat in licted on McKinleyism last fall a few journals have been insisting that the democratic party Is bound by its plat form and pledges and its commission from the people to an immediate re form of the tariff aceerding to the ex treme principles of free trade. It is what Mr. Samuel Weller would call a "cohincidence" that these same quick Interpreters of party duty and popular will, whether republican or democratic, have heretofore been stiff protectionists and persistent preachers of the doctrine that the tariff is our sole defense against industrial servility and the pau perizing of American labor. WVhy this sudden facing about? Is it the result of a genuine conversion, or is democratic rule so hateful to them that they are willing to purchase its over throw by legislation which, they hon estly believe, means detriment and dis aster to the country? As the demo cratic party did not heed them when they sought to arrest its progress towards the goal of commercial free dom, so it will not be led by them when the obstacles to that progress have been forcibly swept aside. It will make its triumphal march under its own wise and conservative leaders and by such stages as shall make its victory a per manent reform and not a violent revo lution. As Mr. Cleveland said in accepting the nomination, it is neither a destruc tive party nor does it propose to tdler ate any tariff legislation that has for its object a forced contribution from the earnings of the masses to swell di rectly the accumulations of a few. It understands that after four years of republican extravagance and pen sion profligacy we shall have to collect from the American people for some years to come larger annual amounts than were ever collected from any other people by methods having any claim to be called taxation. It will strive to place the burdens where there is knost strength to bear them and where they will weigh most lightly on the production and trade of the country. It understands that the best and the only way under free government to protect labor is to free from taxation the materials with which it works, thus insuring for its products the wider mar kets which mean both steady employ ment and good wages. It understands that commerce is not war in which there is a victor and a vanquished, nor yet gambling in which there is a win ner and a loser, but a mutually bene ficial transaction in which both parties get the largest returns for their labor and all share in the advantages of each. It knows that whatever increase of imports may come through lower du ties must necessarily carry with it an increase of exports, the products of American labor, and that with the en terprise and keen trading of our people every dollar's worth of home product sent out will bring us in return a dol lar's worth of foreign products, with a good profit to boot. Tariff reform, therefore, as the duty now set before the democratic party looks to results-to permanent and beneficent results, reached through ad herence to correct principles. It does not propose a sentimental chase after free trade regardless of present condi tions and interests, nor, on the other hand, will it fear free trade wherever, in the ordinary pursuit of sound policy, it may overtake it. It looks to the liberation of what are known as raw materials from the taxes which throt tle production at its source and thus rob labor of employment; to such moderate rates on finished products, levied for revenue purposes, as will insure and make possible honest com petition, but not monopoly in our own markets; to such higher duties on lux uries as will draw bountifully to the treasury from the abundance of the rich. And it especially looks to such vigorous and thqrough simplification of our tariff laws as will relieve foreign trade from the snarls and pitfalls which beset the approaches to the cus tom houses and bring penalties and litigation to the honest as often as to the dishonest importer. These are great reforms. They will reverse and undo the vicious practices of thirty years. They may not all be attainable in a few 'months or by a single bill, but they are the reforms which the people wished and com manded when they returned the demo cratic party to power, and it is now the duty of that party, as we believe it is its honest desire, to set about their ac complishment, not precipitately and blindly, but without haste and without rest.-N. Y. World. COMMISSIONER PECK. DIsgraceful Endlnlg of a Great Repub Ilean 8enestion. Labor Commissioner Peck, who be trayed his trust and got up a lot of traudulent statistics for the use of the republican national campaign commit tee last fall, is finding out that the way of the transgressor is hard. When he was waited on during the campaign by a-committee armed with authority to investigate his alleged statistics he burned the original returns so that his forgeries should not be diseovered. At firsthe denied that he had destroyed the documents, but when the fact was brought home to him he said they were not state papers and he could do what he liked with them. He was arrested and indioted, but again set up the plea that they were not state papers. The New York courts have decided that the destroyed papers belonged to the state and as soon as the decision was an nounced Peck threw up his job and fled the country to escape the penitentiary. Unfortunately the forged statistics re mamn as part of the state ppers in New York, and when the facts of the for gery are forgotten they may mislead honest inquirers into the condition of labor and wages in the Empire state in the beginning of the last decade of the nineteenth century.--Cleveland Plain Dealer. ----ov. MeKinley's Napoleonic poses will hardly distract attention tmrom the fact that he voted for the SBherapa law. -N, Y. Weald. STUPID POLITICIANS. eot aspersntmIe of PetsRant Bepmalesa alseonteats. There .is a good deal of solid. work able stupidity in politicians of all par ties, despite the progress that has been made in the last dozen years. Gov. Mc Kinley, for instance, has learned noth ing by his experiences since he was chairman of the committee of ways and means in the house of representatives. He has started in on his long and tedious canvass of the state of Ohio, on the lines that he has followed to defeat over and again since those days of brief and illusory triumph. He still will have it that his tariff is not only benefi cent but popular, that it must not be changed except in the direction of higher protection,'that all the ills the body politic is heir to are due to the democratic party, and that the larger part of the voters of the United States are little better than fools led by men little better than knaves. Like Mr. Beecher's dog, who barked himself to a state of exhaustion at the mouth of the hole from which the woodchuck had long before escaped, the governor's voice gives out the same vain, monot onous notes, and will continue to do so until November. On the other hand, in the democratic party there is a little faction of dis gruntled politicians who set out some eight years ago with the notion that the American people would never tol erate democracy unless it was thickly veiled in protectionist notions. They have seen protectionist notions carried out to their logical conclusions by the republican party, they have seen them rejected at a national election which, for the first time in a third of a century, placed the democratic party in power in e9ery branch of the national govern ment, and they have seen Mr. Cleve land's manly honesty and candor ap proved by the most striking popular victory won by any presidential candi date since the war. .Jut they cling to their superstition that protection is still the policy most firmly upheld by the American people. And since they cannot forgive Mr. Cleveland for hav ing made their gloomy predictions ridiculous, they are now seeking to em barrass him by calling upon him to de mand a sweeping reduction of the tariff, without regard to the necessities of the treasury-cherishing the fond hope that in this way they can arouse against him the popular protectionist prejudice in which they continue to be lieve. They also, like the McKinleys of the other side, have learned noth ing, and keep up their tiresome bark ing before the empty hole. But while politicians, whose business it is to know what the people really wish, manifest this persistent stupidity, the great body of the people of the United States are guided by common sense. Just now they are not worry ing themselves much about protective tariff legislation, and still less about partisan politics. The future is a little doubtful to all, and to some gloomy. There is time enough to think of legis lation when congress meets and par tisan politics can wait even longer. But when occasion arises it will be found that public opinion is definitely settled as to two things--one, that the merely protective element shall be cleaned out of the tariff as rapidly and thoroughly as circumstances will per mit, and the other that the require ments of revenue shall be duly consid ered and provided for. And for these things they will trust the president and congress.-N. Y. Times. POINTS AND OPINIONS. -The wisest republicans of Ohio realize that Foraker has a knife in his boot for McKinley - and a scalping knife at that.-Detroit Free Press. -It would seem to be sufficient time for the republican party to establish headquarters after it shall have scared up a few more voters.-N. Y. World. - The McKinley convention's in dorsement of the last republican nation al administration was a pretty tribute to the dead.--Cleveland Plain Dealer. -Mr. Cleveland has long had the confidence of the people, and he has in augurated a policy of reciprocity. On all important questions he doesn't hesi tate to take the people into his confl dence.-Albany Argus. -Some of the republican organs of the country are crying aloud to have the postal service lifted entirely out of politics. They may be the advocates of a good movement, but what were the g. o. p. managers doing for thirty years that they did not effect the reform? Detroit Free Press. - Ex-Senator Edmunds, formerly republican leader in the United States senate, is unalterably opposed to the annexation of Hawaii. He favors no nearer union than that of the closest treaty relations. This is rather an em barrassing thing for those republican organs that are denouncing the policy which declhned to gobble up the islands without any consideration of the ad verse rights involved.-Detroit Free Press. -Ex-Labor Commissioner Peck, of New York, whose fraudulent report was the main reliance of the reputblican protection campaign last year and who has fled to Europe to escape trial, will act as correspondent of a protection newspaper syndicate. Perhaps our re publican friends over in Ohio knew of this when they assured us the other day that the issue of protection was to be as much alive as ever.--Louisville Conrier-Journal. ----The endeavor of the administra. tion to use the consular service to pro mote the export trade of the United States is already bearing fruit in ree ommendations of our consuls that American shippers ttudy more closely foreign trade customs, which are being set forth with great psartienlarity in consular reports. Turkey especially at the present time offers an inviting field for American manufacturesof grist mill machinery, owing to certain changes in the tax laws of that country. For eign manufacturers with inferior ma chinery we may be sure will hasten .t take advantage of this opportunit , and now that this country has been notified it will be the fault of our own manufactnurers if they bti to do a,, rAlbWa Argns. PERSONAL AND LITERARY. -The prince of Wales sent an order.-, through his bankers for $1,500 worth of flowers to be used in decorating 8t George's church, New York, on Eastes' days. The prince has long been an ad' mirer of the pastor, Dr. Rainsford. -Perhaps it is of interest and not,: generally known that the word "Be-' voir," the name of President Clever land's new summer home in the stab. urbs of Washington, is the name of a famous English castle, Belvoir astle, the seat of the duke of Rutland. It is L pronounced there "Beaver." -Edmund Law Rogers, of Baltimore, recently exhibited before an assembly of dentists a complete set of false teeth that had been worn by George Wash ington. The base plates were of lead and perfectly flat. Some of the teeth were of ivory and others had been ex tracted from a living person. -Kaiser Wilhelm is now said to pass a good deal of time wondering about IBerlin in disguise. He is reported to have gone through the Hebrew quarter of the city recently in the guise of a Hebrew peddler and to have discussed the condition of the Hebrews with a great number of the working class of the race. -Count Leo Tolstoi says he enter tains a general dislike to all poetry, for the reason that the effort to conform to the laws and rules of versification pre vents one from giving a clear, intelli gent and comprehensive expression to one's thoughts, and that he regards verse as, generally, the production of literary wantonness, -literary frivolity and literary insolence. -Miss Mary Proctor, of St. Joseph, Mo., who is the eldest daughter of the late Prof. Richard A. Proctor, the emi nent astronomer and scientist,who died of yellow fever in 1889, is endeavoring to raise funds to purchase a suitable lot and monument in Greenwood oeme tery, Brooklyn,where her distinguished father is at present buried in a bor rowed grave that is thoroughly neg lected. --Mrs. Philip Hamilton, widow of the youngest son of Alexander Hamilton, who died recently in Poughkeepsie, N. Y., in her eightieth year,was the eldest daughter of Louis McLane, of Dela ,were, minister to England under Pres ident Jackson. She had two sons, Dr. Allan McLane Hamilton, of New York, and Capt. Louis Hamilton, of the Seventh cavalry, U. S. A., who was I killed while leading a charge under Custer. -Mrs. Ellen M. Mitchell, of Boston, has made a special study of Dante, and has delivered a course of lectures be fore the university of Denver and else where on this subject. She is the author of a work called "A Study of Philosophy," dealing chiefly with Greek philosophy, and is one of the little group of Hlegelian students of this country-the school of thought of which Prof. VWilliam T. Harris is one of the most prominent members. -Capt. James B. Hatch, of Spring field, Mass., one of the few surviving, old salts of the palmy days of the American merchant marine, and now seventy-seven years old, was on the ship with R. H. Dana when he made his voyage describe in "Two Years Be for the .Mast." Capt. Hatch figures in the book as "Mr. H." He says of the book: "I think the things he says are true, but he stretched them so as to make them read well. He especially stretched the truth when he made him self out to be a good seaman, for he was only a boy without much experi ence." HUMOROUS. -"Well, my boy, how do you find yourself?" "I don't," answered the de tective, with an air of offended dignity. -Indianapolis Journal. -All a Dream.-Mr. Bill-"I dreamed I was in Heaven last night." Mrs. B. -"And dreams always go by contra ries, dear."-Detroit Free Press. --Mrs. Snipp-"Young man, will this ticket take me to Chicago?"' Tick et Agent-"No, ma'am, but that train outside will."-Ramond's Monthly. -Old Lady (anxiously)-"Does this train stop at Liverpool?" Guard-"Well, if it don't, ma'am, you will see the big gest smash-up you ever heard of."-Tit Bits. -A Natural Query.-Briggs-Did you hear that Winger had married the president of a cooking school?" Gaiggs -"No. Where does he get his meals?" -Truth. -"Col. Bloodyfield's old war traits still cling to him." "How so?" "I dined with him last night, and he gave the waiter no quarter."-Philadelphia Record. -"Dr. Boggles seems to be a very prominent man in this community," said the visitor "Yes," replied the host, "'he's one of the pillers of society."'- Washington Star. -A Mistake Somewhere.-Willis (lighting a cigar)-"As a rule, the last half of a cigar is always bad." Wal lace-"Thtn you must be smoking that one backward."-Brooklyn Life. - At the Knickerbocker Club. - Cholly-"I heahd a speakah say lawst night that theah is nothing noblah than being a man." Chappie-"How - beastly vulgawl My man is all right as a seh vant; but as foh his being noble -Bahl"-Puck. -Superintendent--"You want a job driving one of our street sprinklers-. eh? Everhad any experience?' A plicant-"No, but-" "But wbati." "Everybody tells nre I'm so bi I '' can't see a street' crossing ten fet . away and-" "That'll dos Comse 'wotdi in the morning and take out the bl gest sprinkler we own." -.i . Courier. -Five-year-old Frances hal spending an afternoon with a . friend. Whenshe returned hd ei found another little friend there oqdeqetorisither,"Uthel " waisM Frances to the ., reerering to the one a dalling bpo~. " yWhby aet mlbq eamowh ss.saiu. ~hboesa ~kr ch .~se '