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S (LAIBORNE (UARDIAN.
VOL. 1.I HOMER, LA., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 3, 1878. NO. 33. Terms of Subscriptlon: one yet in nalrauce......... .....$ 5O 1k1 meuthk 1 50 T ree " ............... 1 o Terms of Advertillag: O;a arF, of one inch in rpace or les, riat ,a, fi, i, 1 thi; each additional inser ioe, S0 euta. | iu"s. u. iii. u s.I l ..'. i year. S.qnare, i :tiji to$ Z , 7 ,l o115 00 3 .. ;1 '0 1t s i 1 ' on 24 (N 3., 0'o 4 i t W as 0) , I2 I O':$ fW :.t 1 " )( ScolunLi., 1:, 21 , :'1 :I , :I o iN ?. (i) S.. .1., 11 :t:, Is 4.1 IN i e ,i41, 'n sIN Pr,'of'-Iht lt o:1. hua~tnce cartsn. of tell lins or 1. i In,i igth. $1,i lpe'r t1111n11: fr el msotliths, $t0; for thr..e imithi. $7. Busine"s adiv.erti nmenllts of gircater engith w ill b r' 'il' i atd al f tei rates. Leglt .olvvrtist llnts t ill he charged at legal r.'t-. t hlr.e tlixcil livi in; outherwie at *p. d r, Inhlle above. .t r ,.,t,,,, ', 2l c n.t. per line. Fi:, .r. t in' * of lhie thal, ten liu's, and tw u .;.,; aun rt Ilgiuus otncdes inemrted gratis Job. rt rk venzctedl in the nerteit style. asd t r" ,"ou,,I.l prices. HOMER MASONIC FEMALE INSTITUTE. ighteetnh Annualieaais b pwt. Mt,157t V'FrI'IE'lT T'EACIIHER will fill every L I)'.,rIIiUSLt. Especialatteutiou iven to L Mt.Li Ui,:i, I. lpr Isonth of four weeks, inolad lug w. l : g , lights, Ic., $15. .u1n 1. 1,$4aud$5. Ifoestravagaao alsur I1 TI, I ,titotion estrltly SOe-soetariaa. , or I 1'. N.. bLIOGH, Prit., Uilonr. Clasburne parieh, La. TEIPERIANCE .1EETINOS. The G( ran Couneil U. F. of T. North La., I '.tI . hil1l Itsll u"L t a3nni I.*etlug at II, i.hI:l: r. umeuL ig oni Thursda y. July 'lth. l r7 . G.. iiskini A.* ' P'; Mo1w S.itttiMay. r W l A. Iht !L I i ).,l ,i11ii. ir C; .Migs ThIer. . i. !l.f'.arl:nIil. lfr .t (: Ma11 x I' a,lh SOr S; .Clti it Irk.ltal. tit .t ; .,hu W. Icll'.irl 11i. Sir Fr; M:i lF..luni Parkr., Or A Tr: .li:u A. Miller, (r'Chap: - Ives, lir s,* . Pust.O.Iic, of Grand Scribe, Vienna, La. Aug. 2. 1477. l:s Romer (oeaell No. 1, U. F. of T.. Mea. at the C'iear.Ilo,r emiry Fiday .Vightl. S ii Fue I' :ir: T. S Shgh. %% P: Mrs. Aidella Stliih. W A; A. f. liOrmI',,. R : Miss Lida Srott. A II S; J. It. itts. .Oiad: .iMLs.' Kate .eimolilius. A C; J A. l'.1rker, iChap: I. P. ll:r ,l), S. ,nt: IL T. Vaunh,Ii F S; II. W. Kirkpatrick, Tr; A. '. Cal.hIbo.u, 'C DLy. Auli ; 2, 117. !: JAih Young. E. r. V.nghi-. \'OrNO A VAUGHN, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, IIOMEIR. LA. ,I' ,IL practir ile' ('t~r ,f Cof('la". 1 .. 1 . I. k . It:.Li t.. ii .. L it : tl,l 0.t1 I't:*on, esl in the tnprme I' o rt at M onro. '. .1 lnrTh la. 1o,7 +- -3 :y Jud J N. Yug. .lu). A. lichardion. V'OI.'9G & RIIIIARDSON1, A'TT'ORNEYS AT LAW, HIOMER. I.A. I)\'F.EII.IIII' h..l,',l to the arl.h ,,f 'I.Lubulu. Ll· l hneltelr allilttended to bi either urtn'l"r oi .I:Scksii., 'liin1. Itrlit Vi alrLil Ltincoliu pariu L s , anid lIsour.' the biupt,lllii Court at M.uuruo. Aolg.: 2.1. , l77. I :y DIA YTON B. HtAES. ATFORNEY AT LAW, Hi)MER, I.A. TII.L. pLractice n1 1 hit ('onrt of Clai ) hBiurnS. te.viilhl. Jacks-n, LUniio. at.l Webster, ad the Supreme Court at Munroe. Aug. 2J. l,-77. 1:y DR. i. B. . BnIC ABRDSON, H AVIt' r'.eumeil the practice of Mewl!. ciua otlrsm his service s o the r.ltizlen o Claiburnue parish, ili thuvIte v ous brauinches of hli prolf.saiol. OfBce at the Drug Store of Joe Shelton. Aug.2. 1-77. l:y B. I . COLEMAN, PARISH SURVEYOR, ,'I1LL attend priomptly and leflt ientl3 VI to all htsin'44i i his. line. C harge, mIlrter.tte. R,.s ilcne minlls so;tllhoL.t o Hlnr,. in Troeutlouu road. P.P. 0., ilumer. of ill' W't. Ti, E . is usi LIinLIt, is tr-l. rt.markatil... Sit.' itc ii t lnralaicti to lth, rusliiug public. sX Vinjie ago. TIll LItIoIt is .us , padily ia,,h lud i fsvor, and ii Iut acknowhllg.'.l i", i'tnul to no palwr of ths kltil in the roItry. Its ireitaltin i th.e .Iforts of its pul'hisher prot im u' paper of high soral chsra.Or, aid at tb S-.:w 1ime...,ll it at a trice . astent wit the present ia-d Simes. "hit they hav 5uceedsnl, iatd .well, too, the thousands rIalhre osf Tlr. I.E'r.a scattreid frn. Uaiue so Tea., andl frna O.g,,n to Floril wilt helr testimoniiy. Tur. CsluauIt. .D'E: Isa large fTrts-eight ei,11m111 we-kl" paj'l whith e,,SltainS sttoriis both 'mrpltt. so emnthtlne., In eath Ilunmwr. Wriiti hy It *f iltfrlmstion i-tsresting to eve.ry en, Th ..-hlcriptinta p-rie of THl IS.le Ri only 51..0 pe year, plta.e paid, and it I fij1-= I evety particolar to othr plprels tsh e as.ehshraeter whirh sell fbr tlI sav Thi?5i copies of ibis valuable paper will I esato an aee who sends 10 cents am add uree. tn Tue Ltuaar. Cbscmg DANIEL T. HEAD, TRENTON, LA., RFCEIVINGO , FORWARDINIO AND COMIISSION MERCHANT. DELLER IN )RY GOODS1), CLOTHIINt, BOOTS, SHOES, HATS, HARDWARE, IRON, CASTINGS, ltAt(;G.NG, TIES, WA(;ONS, CARTS. BUGGIEN, I:OCKAWAY, ('OOKING STO}ES, F'URNI TI'UE AND Plantation unpplies of all Kinds. Libetral advanlce. m:ade on Cotton. iu :, aj. d .uppliesa. Aug. 2"2, 1I77. I:y ISAAC'SON k SIMS, Wholeeale Dealers in antily and .Plantalion .z- e&t/lica, COMMISSION MFRCHANTsN, 1S Canal and 67 Co(nunon sts., New Orleans, La. .M1arch 6, 1w,79. 2::3m I. KERN, N. 0. S. .TERN.E, N. Y. I. IERN & ('O., Whtuleale and Retail Dealera in aiacy & Fd La/le lg 4ood , 104, 106 and 106 Baronne Street, Between Poydranald l'er.ad.o St., NEW ORLEANS. New York f0kg, 44 Iludsonl Street. Feb. st, 18lU. I. W. RAWLINS, (S~eea.sor to It.'llna' & Murrell.) attlan .actot and ,iiwunti.saan Iletchcan/, wlo. aN Union Street, NEW ORLEANS. Norv.2. 77. :177. pF E. J. HAlT & CO., Importers and Wholesale I)DRUGGISTS, Grocers and Comminsioon Merchants. 5I 7ri 73. 7 ,. 77 and 79 Tt hoanpitnulas lt. War-to.' '.c'. ; 1t.9197 Aud ua rchoupu toniaa street, N.w' O(rleans. Aug. '2'. 1-77. l:y L. C. Jurry, M. Galli. JCREV a& ILLIS, COTfrO F.A(TORS AND GENERAL COMMlISSION MERCIIANTS. ). ............... ... 194 Grai, .r Stret. NI:r' ol:LC.I.V., L.I, .Jo101 Chaut:'. Wlln. II. Chaffe, ('hbra.tp~ r Chaf'L , Jr. JOHN CHAFFE & SONS, (, iOIIlN I'.At Ti;S AND GEENEIAL S C'OlMMisioN MIEtRCiANTS, Office........... ....... No. 52 I'nion Street, NEW ORLEANS, L.4. E. Page. 1'. Moran. PAGE & MIOBAN, I / !Il/wleJale realeta -IN BOOTS, NHOES and BROGANS, llets Cape amd Trenks, N,, 10 ...................Magazine Street, "El: i ORLEANS, LA.. Aug. 22, 177. I:y JOHN HENRY ad CO., WVholrnaul I)ealers an Boots, Shoes, Brogans and HATS, No.'. 121, 12. and 125..... Comnmon Street, VNEIll ORLE.INS, LA. Aug. 2. 1577. I'v STAUFFERI, MeEADT & CO. Importers and Dealers in Hardware and Agricultural Implements, No. 71............... ...... Canal Street .'EI" ORLEINS. LA. Aug. ,t1~I7. t:y A. 3ALDWIM & CO., (kncceaaorO to tloeormb, Baldwin & Co.,) D)ealera in ardware', .teel, Ire aud alhellat 1applie. CUTLERY. T'.S. AGRIC I'LTUBRAL IMPLEMENTI No.74 Canal, anmd 91.99 anl t Commaon We NEW ORLE.4.8, LA. SAug. 1", D'77. t:y SIMONfS HAIDWARIE Ce., Importerrs and Jobbers, in Hardware, Cutlery, uOan i and Pistols, ae. 8o , #~3 ad ea6...North Main t.e ST. LOCIS, MO. Aug. 19, 18??. 'OET YOI7R J10 WORK AT TlIS OFFIC THE CNESTNUT'S SERMON. Jack Fmt had paid us a visit or two And the leaves lay thick on the groead, While here atad there, in their rustling depthsa A nut or two might be found. I strolled out under a chestnut-tree, 'Whac. del tl eu my hl.cad ,tlae, pop! k snt that had taken just that time From a far up limb to drop. Well," I said to myself, "if the least event lIas a lesso to teach, if we But clhome to ftid it, I mean to try What this chestnut will say to me." Bo I took the prickly thing in toy hand, Anwl what do ysn thinLk came nett? Why, the clheset preacl edasermon to me, Andl took itself for a text. 'I think you will find this life," It mid, "lIn sole respects much like me; And perhapl 'teeas to show you the best part of both That I came down, just now, from the tree. 'My outside is fresh and green, you per ceive, Andl pleasant enough to the sight, ILat pricker. and thor n are on every elde As you'll tind if you hold me too tight. c"Asd if you do, hold me I soon will get dry: All my goau looks will vanish away; u n a very short time most unsightly I'll grow, And begin to allow signs of decay." 'Go, then!" and I tossed the thing out of my band. ."You are useless and worthlles," I cried; 'Stay, stay'" said the nuat, "you hiave seen biut the shuck; There is something worth having inside. "'o handle me lightly, and look right in You will find snmething good now: I know That's the part that you want, now you've got the, trute nut And the rest can affrd to let go. 'There's much of the outaide and show of this life 1 bat bright to your eyes will appear, lBut gse;le'd, its rough sides will cost many a pans Anad its sharp thorns full many a tear. 'And thenu wbhen you do hold your coveted prite (Thic thing thasthes c Vt yvo se dear)., Its Iwasuty will fade, and its substtaurce decay, And its worthlessuess quickly aglwar. "In some lives that we see (like some lnts you will ied .), The kerunel is sheivtelced and small; There is no sweetners. there'; the outside can't last. So the whole is worth tnothing at all. "IBut others you'll find full sweet to the taste, Though tihe shuck has egun to decay; So sonle lives never show their fu1ll aweet ness and strength Till the outside is passing away. "S handlie life's outside only enough To extract its true goodulne,, its kermel. AMd gain from it nourishment, strength. which shall help To grow aup to the true life eternal." The searmon was over: I thought as I rose IlIow ratlch of true wisdomi there lay In the lesauen I le'trand out under the tree Wlhere the rhesetut Ircacehurl that day . f°Christmas I'ulon. [For the Gt'AtRttIAt. ART. What higher earthly gift can be bestowed on tuan than that of gen iust To be a born artist in some one of its various branchemt? It coutbhiles taste in the truest sense of its meaning with originality of thought. It exhibits itself in spite of all embarrassments andti obta ies. Though restintg in obscurity for a time, perhaps eveu for ia while after the great mind has left the tabernacle of clay, yet posterity will be comlpiled in justice to say "that man was great.' (Genius, skill, talent and taste are all alike in kind, but vary in degree. In poets, the English Milton, tithe iMantuan bard Virgil, and the Gre cian Homer rank the highest. As to great spiritnual mightles, the two most conspicuous fgurea are those of Moses antd Luther, they having made the most Herculeau strides in that line. The formes gave a history ail a character tc a people; in addition, was a a great military leader, a statesman and leg islator of those timnes. He wa chosen as the law.giver, and the codes are greatly binding on the civilized world of to day known aS the Mosaic law. The latter was the sledge hammer of the reformatiot who shook the very fonuatiou o BRome. Of the drama Shakespeare takue the ascendaney. In soolptnre and painting the tro artist's work is world 'renown Thbe lesser lights, like planets an satellites, revolve aromend thes suns. However, t tbhe latter, tb writer was informed sevenl mouth - ago by a higbhly cultivated lady - Colombrs, Ga., that during be Sstay at the Centennial, she sper much time in the gallery of arts, ex amining and studying the works of the American painters, and though the styles were different, yet the execution of each was so perfect of its kind that it was difficult to de cide the superiority of any, a critic being apt to bestow preference ac cording to the bent of his ownl natural tastes. Perry's copy of Ti tians, and his Venetian churches were as excellent as Ward's prairie and Indian life; Page's Shakespe. rlan heads as good as Whitworth's landscapes and groo fields of sum mer, and so on. In the art of photography what a vast contrast is observed,.even by the uncultured critic, between the mere operator and the artistic eye. The different ranges is observed in that of the prima donnas, those queens of song. Also in that of the stage actors, as the Talmas, Garrick, Siddons, and McCready. In the architecture of a magnifl cent edifice the artisan's work is in imitation of the original thought and skil of the artist. It is said no violin ever equalled the Cremona, the maker having died after com pleting twelve. In skillful hands the instrument is said to almost speak, weep, and wail like a human creature in distress, until the lis tener's soul is wrought up to that high pitch of agony, it cries, "stop 1 can't bear it." In music, Listz-the greatest pi anist time world ever knew-and t the Italians, Rossini and Verdi; the Germans, Wagner, Vou Weber, Handel and Meyerbeer; the French, Auber, are a few of the names that rank as geniuses. The number is more numerous in the musicians, and are greater in number still in the lower order ot talent. And of the manipulators and students of these there are as great a namber called performers as there is in the variety of degrees to which they attain. If we unfortunate crea tures who are debarred the delights of either possessing any of the gifts even of the lower order, or of seeing and hearing the a.sthetic skill and taste displayed of the highly cultivated arts in the world's wonders, could just bear a .Pagan nini-the greatest violinist of the world-or the girl violinist,t'amilla 'rso, who is again mking her tour I through the United States, we be ing unaccustomed to so great a stimulus, might drift into harmonic delirium tremens and appear as in sane withl delight as we have ever seen blinid Tom display. When we become accustomed to aI thing we gradually lose our aplre ciation of it. But all things once were new. One by one they rise, produce a furore, and sink to give place to a higher improvement of it. Yet it originated in somebody's brain. Credit is given where the highest art culminates, for the time forgetting the poor brain nmoulder. ing into dust that first gave it birth. It was crude, like "diamonds in the rough," yet the intrinsic value o01 those gems of thought are precione F all the same-others complete the 31 work and are called great for ow r enriching the world. Harvey hai ° credit of discovering the circual t tion of the blood, but history states C that long before Iarvey's day the SSpanish Michael Serveties, who wac ea phbysician and theologist, was oe e copied with the same sobjeet This Unitarian and iis works wee Sbnrnlt at the stake at Geneva 153 Sat the instigation of John Calvii f who regarded him as a heretic. A a physiologist his ideas were to is tar in advanee of the times. Art in its highest form belong as to but few of thim world's numbem d. and can be followed as a lirvelihoo aI only by those who are snperiorl e endowed, it being not only theki e espeelal talent, bat possessiang I as lavish betowneat of it. Tbhe of who only poners taste or love f, tr seh things, shoald never is vt tisionary way mistake their calli and venture to achieve lmposibili. ties and starve in the effort. Fol low the natural beat troam the be ginning, no matter the nature of the ealling, each is important in its way. "The eye cannot say unto the band, I have no need of thee; nor again the bead to the feet, I have no need of yonu. If yea once allow the bent of your nature to be wrenched from its natural ioolinationa, it is apt to remain permanently warped. Ordinary people as the most of us are, must allow esthetio tastes to be indulged only in hours of leisure, it is merely to afford reliet from grave interest, but never to supplant the important argent duties of life. L3OtOIOA R. L. H. Hayneaville, La. In a Nowsp er Editorlal Rem. Harpr's Magasine. Clustered among sores of other publishing oeoes loomed the build ings of the Tribune the Herald, the Sun, the World, and the Times, white wreaths of steam rolling up from their roofs and from the grato ing over the pressrooms. The pressrooms extended beyond the buildings under the sidewalk, and the pavement vibrated with the beat of the machines, which were already tossingoff parts of the papers, the insides or the outsides, leaving a reserve of space for the news that might arriveafterward. Where the heat had penetrated the %ard flags, some newsboys had cureed them selves in innocence and dirt. Oth. ers lay asleep on the steps, where the most important and most hur. ried of the larger contribytors to journalism finally forebore hbm dis tunrbing them. Occasionally a tele graph messenger dived into the en. tra:ce of a building, then an errand boy front the Post Office with a pile of newspapers and letters, and theu a reporter from some late meeting I up town. An a matter of appear. ance more than anything else-as the last from admitting advertise ments had longsince closed-a clerk sat in the advertising office, on the ground floor, and drowsed, with the lights halt down. The two gentlemen entered one of the offces, and began to ascend that long stairway by which all editbrial rooms are attained, custom and economy invariably putting editors in a garret, whence they may look down, physically and mentally, on the world they write about. More telegraph boys, compositors, proof. readers, and reporters passed the visitors on the stairs, who, when they had explained their business to an inky office boy, were admitted into the sanctum sanctorum of a celebrated morning paper. A close, low-roofed, smoky room, lighted by innunmerble Argand burners, and filled with little desks, at which sat stooping, busy men,, pnffing cigars or pipes, and scrib bling with pens or pencils, at light ning speed, that was the next scene opened to them. On some of the desks there were piles upon piles o01 niewpapers from points as far apart and as varied as the capitals ol Europe and frontier outposts on the e far Western plains. A little tin boa shot np and down a wooden shaft it the middle of the room, into whlic a rolls of manuscript were put by as e office boy, who rushed from desk t, lodesk and gathered the sheets at e they came from the writers' hands SFr;om time to time a nervous, sharp . voiced, imperative gentleman, in I e very much soiled linen duster, callet to one or the other of the workers and gave orders which would hays bs been quite unintelligible to a lay le man, who may have mistaken the establishment for a slaughter-houns when he heard a pale-theed littl gentleman requested to "make paragraph of the Pope," "ct dow ! Anna )lckinson," "double lead (lei e Grant," put a minion cap-bead oc Peter Cooper," and "boil down th Evangelical Alltanoe'. e. But making a paragraph of th t Pope simply applied to the eomnpres re sion of some news ooncerning hil Sinto that space; the minion caphbe. intended for the venerable pbilar in i thropist meant the kind of type t ' be used in the title of a speech c o lecture of his; and boiling down an Scutting down were twoteehilcalitie expresaing condensation. The gel 5 tleman in the linea duster was t, r, night editor ia charge, the despot ad the hoear, and the Intermedlary 6 1 tweea the writers and priater., tt latter heing on the foer above, an dr the ltt tit he In the shafLt - a moonsinlag with tbem. as By thre etdoek she lastl*e ,or mo be in the Iwitue' h-a Smod hm mdoigt stti shs time b awrpper oiLs ht ts editaal ag' partmeet is ln a state of awvero s tensity and activity for which I can imagine no parallel. The smoke from the cigars sad pipes rolled up to the eliling; and pens spread over the pars of men. uscript paper. The writers bent t0 their work with tremendous earn. estoees and ooseeotration; tihers was not one of them who bad writtes lie than a column of matter that night, and some were elosalg two or tbel column articles, which eotalaod nearly as many words as five pages of Harper's Magazlne. Tbpy wree pale and carewora. One of them was heading and sob heading eabto dispatches from the eat of war, another was writidg editorial pare. graphs on the very important telt. graphic news that canto in, another was damning a new play in Iruldent prose, another was revising a thrill. ing account of a murder, anothe was transcribing his stenographic notes of a speeob on the iiflation of the currency, another was putting the finishing touches upon a well considered arthile criticising a de. bate in the French Assembly, nad another was absorbed in the desertip tion of a yacht race. The little ti box in the asbaft bountced up and down more frequently, and the aight editor became more Uervous and i. perative than ever, as the ingers of the big clock on the wall went be. yond two. The leges of noen. seript were at up one by one, and long, moist prooflsheets eame down from the composing room. Then cutting down began, and some of the writewrsaw articles that had cost them hours of research annihilated by the stroke of a pen, or reduced from columnus to paragraphs, not oin account of nnimportance, but simply bleeyst there is always a superfluity of mat. ter, contrary to the erroneouts notion that thi6 editor's great dicullty is to fil his space; and in some instances even thte paragraphs were finally o. mitted to make room for unexpected news that arrived later. Telegrams were still coming in at half.past two, but soon after that hour one dia patch brought the words "good night", and that meant the clesing. The night editor and his assistant now disappeared into the compos ing rooms, where they remained to superintend the making up of the forms; and the men at the desks prepared to leave, or threw them. selves back in their chairs for " chat and some more smoke. The IMatrimonial Lottery. larper'. Magazulne. A young stranger called on lr. iMcC. one evening, while he was a -pator in New York city, to engage :sis services in the performance of a nuptial ceremony. "I wish to make a bargain with Syou, D)octor," said the young omat. I1 tlhink the girl I am to marry will make a firstrnate ife. If you will wait a year for your fee, and she tlurns oat as I thintk she will, I'll I then give you fifty dollars." SThey agreed, the young couple were married, and the incident passed front the doctor's mind. At the end of a year, at the same time E in the erening, the young man e called again. The doctor did not it recognize him at first. t "l)o yout not r member the bar. f gain we made Then you married a me a year ago?' _ "Oh, yes," replied the doctor. n "Well," said the youlg man "she h is twice as good as I thought site n was. There's one htndred dollars o for you." is Exactly opposite this is the fol ,. lowing: A clergyman in one of the Ilud a son river towns united a German ( couple in marriage. When the knot 6 was tied, the bridegroom said: e "Domtinie, I've got no notaish, bat SI'll send yon vro leetsle pig." It te was done, and the clreunstanee e, was forgotten by the clergyman. le Two years afterward iwe tet the a Geruman in another town for the ra first time since the marriage eare '.! mony was performed. it, I "Dominie, aid the German, "you e remembers you married me, antd I gave you vou leetle pig" •e "Yesa I "Yell, if you'll inmarry me, I vill m' give you two leetle pigs.. t I Timid Weslterner- "ow, the to truth is I'm not oppoeed to payin or them there bondholders in go d I wish they had all the gold li the a world. Just let them know one nt. that we're willing to give them gold, he ipad they'll immejitly usay they meet of bare diamonds. As long as we ry te. silver only, they'll be astlesed with he gold. We've got to see u trns t adhere? ofdoe' believe in tko hed i todd s, Illirses e peeb mto raese se as d that the it them."