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rilE COLFAX CHRONICLE.
n pnD.t ont Dournal, bboteb to oralt anb (Q$nral B~ebs, ifera'ture, ~rientr , cgrirIture, ~t. M I.i COLFAX, GRANT PARISH, LA., SATURDAY, AUGUST 4, 1877. INO. 51. EVERY SATURDAY, BY SWEETEYT TERMS: is, advance ........$2 00 ' a .......... 1 25 tl S .......... 75c P ERTISING RATES: (1 ise rpoee) first insertion, wv stsbweeut insertion 75 cts. i of a Ijluare charged as a tl unless otherwise agreed ai of a Personal nature, when is charged at double rates. T and Business Cards, s $10i per year; two AwtotrscxmEN- - $5. rt bsLt in every instance ac order. kt al in.3 nm. 6 ms. I1 year di C5I $p. = $ $45, w 134 $ 61 i i Q$ of ri advertirenluts sent to this w. got otlhrwiw sle 'itied. will aI fill i'ol bid, and har,.i it- ;n ry and Marriage n1t4'es of square in length charged us D ent advertisements paya- pi ee ; quarterly ads. monthly yearlv ads. quarterly in ad- d, t by special contract. la ment are not paid for vº time. expires for which they ri ordered to be published, they wi inued, and payment exacted thi M1tibme they ajlpeared in the fuo of WORK msat be paid for on de- or pi 1n44 L DIRECTORY. PE ATE GOVERNMENT tL' -F T Nicholls. for Governor--L A Wilts. an of State-W A Strong. Inm Public Aceounts-Al- e` ari nden t of Public Educa- on SI Lasher. PO General-D B Penn. JUDICIARY. pr Court-Chief Justice, T ; Associate Justices, R Akcibiade DeBllauc, W B ha Clerk, Alfred Roman. District Court--W F Black- f,, tht ARlISH OFFICERS. ces exl If Court-- Henry C Walker. ent -W H Hodnett. snu Judge-A V IKagan. lar I Nugent. Dr P Goode. wh ve-Col E G Randolph. the Attorney - George H. ** gre Thssaurer-A L Grow. ati, r-C C Nash. brz JaUrws--Jas A Daniels, reO - Wm Tison, Randolph tec A Pits, M N Swofford. pro Jury-A Lemee. Alt tha ORLEANS spa and every morning. It is ýf Journal of the State of I Cad the city of New Or- noa full I has a large and wot > umlation in this State, Cosl Missiesippi, Alabama Fig I ad therefore offers su- exol to to Advertisers. ll be spared to make In t welcome visitor in the In 1 and family circle. In I In t In f TIE WEEKLY MOOCRA T ne e Eight-Page Paper, a Saturday. containing J Dews by telhgraph and all pPats of the world. ike the -,OF UUS'lIIPTION. thin . AILI. `~~""-- l--.. 15(1 A u -la............ d, " .r.a.......- ..Editor. CD - - -.ourlr. A I PPLETON'S AMERICAN (YCLOP E D IA ! Y NEW RE\VISED EDIFION. Eurirely Rewritten by the Ablest Writers on every subject. Printed from New Type, and illustrated with several thousand Engravings. 00 The work "riginally published under 25 the title of the "New American Cyclo rc pledia" was completed in 1863, since which time tue wide circulation which it haj. attained in all parti of the United States, and the signal developments )n, which have taken place in every branch ts. literature, science and art, have induced a the editors and publishers to submit it to ed an exa-t and thorough revision, and to en issue a new edati'au, entitled THE AMEBICAN OYOLOPE.DIA. Within the last ten years the progress o of discovery in every department of knowledge has num4 . now `work of 5. reference an imperative want ic- Tiibenovement of political ahirs has kept pace with the discoveries of secience, and their fruitful application to the in Wr dustrial and useful arts and the eonve. - Ience and refinement of social life. Great wars and consequent revolutions have occurred. involving national changes of t pe~culiar moment. Ilhe civil war of our own country, which was at its height its when the last volhfue of the old work ill appeared, has happily been ended, and a c- new course of coinmmercial and industrial activity has been commenced. Large of accessions to our us GEOGRAPHICAL KNOWLEDGE have been made by the indefatigable ex a- plorers of Africa. 1 Great political revolutions of the last d- decade, with the natural result of the lapse of time, have brought into public view a multitude of new men, whose I cv natmIs are in every one's mouth, and of ce whose lives every one is curious to know ed th. particulars. Great battles have been lie fought and inuportant seiges maintained, I of which the details are as yet preserved j e- only in'the newspapers or in the transient publications of the day, but which ought now to take their place in PERMANENT AND AUTHENTIC HISTORY. In preparing the present editiion for the press, it has accordingly been the aim of the editors to bring down the in formation to the latest possible dates and to furnish an accurate account of the i most recent discoveries in science, of t every fresh proluction in literature, and of the newest inventrons in the practical arts, as well as to give a succinct and r- oi inal record of the progress of POLITICAL AND HISTORICAL EVENTS. c The work was begun after long and v preliminary labor, and with the most c l ample resources for carrying it on to a successful termination. None of the original stereotype plates c li have bieuefn ed, but every pace has been a PRINTED ON hEW TYPE , frming in tact a new Cyclopaedia, with h the same plan and compass as its prede cessor, but with a far greater pecuniary h expenditure, and with such improve. y r. ments in its composition as have been a suggested by longer experience and en larged knowledge. c THE ILLUSTRATIONS, ti which are introduced for the first time in d the present edition, have not been for the V sake of pictorial effect, but to give p gretter lucidity and force to the explana ations in the text, and embrace all O branches of science and of natural his tory, and depict the most famous and , remarkable features of scenery, arehi- - tecture and art, ae well as the various H process of mt~hanics and manufactures. Although intended for instruction rather than embellishment, no pains have been spared to insure their in ARTISTIC EXCELLENCE. fc The cost of their execution is enormous, tl and it is believed they will find a wal- W come reception as an aduirable feature te of the Cyclopaedia, and worthy of its J4 high character. JI f The American Oyclopredia is complete H now, in sixteen large octavo volumes, each volume containing over 800 pages, fully'illustrated with several thousand wood engravings, and with numerous A Colored Lithographic Maps, the whole costing the publishers a sum execeding Five Hundred Thousand Dollars, Pi exclusive of paper, printing and binding. Price and Style of Binding. pl In extra cloth, per vol............ $ 5.00 all In Library Leather, per cl...... 6 00 th In half Turkey morocco.......... 7.00 $ In half Russia, extra gilt, per vol. 8 00 In In full Russia, per vol ......... 1 00 tnu In full morocco antiqclue, gilt edges 10.00 wl The Best Cyclopaekia ever Publihshed, one which will supelu.ede all others, is tb now ofieredt t thl pu blic at a very mod- fo erate pne. Lesa, rlhnl one cent a page. O Just think! A Saving of Ten Cents per Day, a the price- of a cigar, or imany other ex- th wuditurrs tfr luxuries or frivohlities of all hlike a:ount, woIuld pay tr a full set of Ies the ('yclopedia Iby a bt-mnuthly sub nscription .And thus there will be some- the thing sulsttaitual saved, and a storehouse in ot knowle.lge, indeed, sa A Uuiversal Library in Itself, ' s :cur.d with but little effort or sacrifice. a . H Specimn paes ,f the AMEcIrAN . CI cioPD)IA, showing t pe. illustrations, lo etc., will be sent gratis orn application. li Persons wisting to subscribe can re- n ceive the whole set at one time, or one yH or more volumes at any time, the deliv ery suiting their courvenience, without Oc any cost of carnage, by forwarding their address to D. AIPPLETON & CO., Pubs., E ati 4O& F61 Braliway, N. Y. Y TIHE SUN. 1877. NEW YORK. 1877. riters The different editions of THE bus dur rated ing the next year will be the same as ,.. during the year that has just passed. The daily edition will on week days be a under sheet of four pages, and on Sunday a ylo- sheet of eight pages, or 56 broad col ch it umns; while the weekly edition-will be sited a sheet of eight pages of the same di tents mensioas and character that are already ed familiar to our friends. it to Tar Sus will continue to be the stren. id to nous advocate of reform and retrenoh ment, and of the substitution af states )IA. manship, wisdom, and integrity for hol ;ress low pretence, imbecility and trand in the of administration of public affairs. It will contend for the government of the people has by the people acd for the people, as op ,n, posed to government by frauds in the - ballot-box and in the counting of votes, treat enforced by military violence. It will have endeavor to supply its readers-h body s of now not far fram a million of souls-with light the most careful, complete, and trust work worthy accounts of current events, and nd a will employ for this purpose a numerous tom and carefully selected staff of reporters and correspondents. Its reports from E Washington, especially, will be full, ac cx- curate, and fearless; and it will doubt less continue to deserve and enjoy, the las hatred of those who thrive by plunders iblic ing the Treasury or usurping what the hose law does not give then, while it will en of deavor to' merit the coundence of the nee public by defending the rights of the led, people against the encroachments of un wed justified power. ient The price of the DanT Sus will be 55 cents a month or $6.50 a year, post-paid, IRY. or with the Sunday edition e7.70 a year. for The Sunday edition alone, eight pages, the $1.20 a year, post-paid. in- The W\Ean r Sca, eight pages of 56 the broad columns, will be furnished during of the year 1877 at the rate of $1 a year rnd post-paid. The benefit of this large reduction from the previous rate for the Weekly 8 ITS. can be enjoyed by individual subscribers I and without the necessity of making up J lost clubs. At the same time, if any of yur friends choose to aid in extending our ates circulation, we shall be grateful to them, a een and every such person who sends us ten ! or moure subscribers from one place will t ith be entitled to one copy of the paper for a ry himself without charge. At one dollar a ve- y ar; postage paid, the expenses of paper sen and printing are barely repaid; and, considering the size of the sheet and the quality of its contents, we are confi- a in dent the people will consider TaE c the Wxxanr Sus the cheapest newspaper e ive published in tne world,. and we trust also all one of the very best. us- Adnress THE SUN, c. fnd New York City, N. Y. (3 pis HALF POUND OF TURNIP SEED FREE d er One o. of Cabbage Seed Free ! a cen Having arranged with one of the most extensive seed growers in America h for a large supply of the best seed of e, is, this year s growth, at extea low prices, el- we propose to give, as a pcial 'Premissm n ire to every new subscriber to OUR HO ME tl its JOURNAL for the six mouths from July 1, 1877, who sends $1.25, o0 te Half a pound of the Early Flat Dutch w es, Strap Leaf i TUI NIP SEED,,~ us And One Oanee Late Flat Dutch Cab le bage Seed. ig t..Postage prepaid on Seeds and in 'e, Paper. 1g. Every planter and Farmer should - plant that much or more of each of the un 00 above; and this will euable him to get 00 the paper at the regular yearly rate of at t $d.5t0, besides 75 cents worth of seed !ia o tfree. Instructions how to plant the J lNJ turnip and cabbage uhatled with seetd i 00 when desired. Sel ,1..3,a and un w.ill - F. receive tthe )l.'u"r anmc nEs r l wl :ElalY agricultural journal en the Suth for HU six nmollths~. besiiles 75 cts. wortu of the i8 is test, fr-eshest an(d lost desirable Me'dI d- for Fall planting, FesE ! be e. Our Home Journal and Rural Southland cr is a large 1li-page 64-coluin paper, Lth Y published - elckly. It contains ever - x- thing of vaHle to Southern Agriculture, of all the latest Tlelegraihic Nc-ws, News btu of feom all the :i-uttern States, the Rle b- lort ,if the Merke-ts, th-lc|artenltts fur en e- the FamUily Circle. Yoiing Folks, Do- inl sme Iee-s c Econollley, 'ValUablel Ic-cilpes, and Manufacturing, Lateraryv, Foreign. sel Se.'ieutitic, and MiJeellaneous Items, e Wit and Humor, etc.; and in usefulness Sanzd variety of readinug matter is not Sexcelhel by any lpaper ic America. The 3M1 F'ourtoeenth Volllnme clmumeulces July 1, sic ' 1l57. Send l.Z3 and get it for six of m nicths, together with 73 cts. of seeds e FREE! Adlrea - t OUH HO JEOU.RNAL AND RURAL SOUTH - &ND, Lee, New Orleans. an State in what paper you saw this ad- e vertistemernt. jyl4 Bishop Marvin and Missions. GRANT l'anisg, LA, July 21, '77, Editor CaoixicL. : Bishop Marvin, who was sent oat last year by the M. E. Church a South, to make a tour round the a world, is still traveling in the I- oriental country. His visit to the missionary fields of the East bids fair to electrify the Christian church of the United States, on . the subject of missions. Many of - his letters, giving account of whatr he has seefi and heard since he d4e.rted from us, have been pub lished in the Nashville Christian e Advocate, and copied by other papers. His letters are very inter e esting to all who love the novel, or delight in reading books of travel; but by every true Christian they should be considered as an other Macedonian voice, crying : 3 "Come over and help us." Christ's church has ever been of a mis sionary character, and every one who believes in Jesus as the Savior of the world, should not only con sider giving to the cause of mis sions a duty, but rejoice that he has the privilege of contributing something for the salvation of the benighted world. Every person cannot, like Bishop Marvin, travel around the world and preach the gospel to heathen nations. out all who love the cause of Christ should gladly contribute something to the support of those who offer themselves "a living sa crifice" to the promulgation of the glorious gospel in distant lands. God .*s -eclared that His word shall not return to him void, but shall accomplish that whereunto He has sent it. He has in these last daysi poken to us by His son, and says, the gospel must be preached in all nations, for a wit ness against them, before the end of the world shall come. "God was in Christ, reconciling l the world unto himself," but since the ascension of our Lord, the t word of reconciliation has been l committed unto a living ministry, composed of men called and set a apart to the special work of pro- 8 claiming the gospel of the Son of God to the people who sit in moral c darkness. While it is the duty of ji a minister to go abroad and preach, t; "The kingdom of heaven is at hand," surely the command is o equally as imperative to the lay- a man to "send," if he eannot"go; U that is, contribute to the support a of those who give themselves wholly to the work of the ministry. p Jesus Christ is represented in d Scripture as being heii of the uni- e verse, and as possessing all power in heaven and earth; yet, for our sake, he became poor; and it is a notorious fact that, while traveling w and preaching on earth, his phy- hi sical wants were supplied by his disciples; and as it pleased the in Father to require his people to cc supply the wants of His son, who ct is Lord of all things, we need not be surprised when we see the de- m cree written : "Theywho preach of the gospel shall live of thd gospel." It is cert:ainly not unreasonable, but proper and right for those who enjoy the enlightening and saving influence of the gospel, to assist in sending the same rich blessings to Nc earth's remotest bounds. of The heart of the pious Bishop ili; Marvin seems moved within him, on since he has seen many thousands he of precious souls, for whom Christ tri died, "wholly given to idolatry." an He rejoices, however, that he has isi been permitted to preach "Jesus pa and resurrection"in Japan, China, up Ceylon, India and Egypt. th While preaching in Cairo, Egpt, the j, he exultingly proclaimed : "There is no God but God, and Jesus 7.7 Christ is his Son." His visit to the East, his letters, nt and the book I presume he will ch publish when he returns home, will, it is to be hoped, greatly he arouse the Christians of the United he States to the importance of being he more zealoust'and active in sending ds the gospel to heathen lands. Pro gress may be slow, but success is an sure where patient, faithful, and on long-continued efforts are made. of The English Baptist missionaries atb labored seven years in Hindogtan he before their efforts were blessed by a single conversion. b- When, the Duke of Wellington an was asked by a young clergyman er if it were not useless and extrav ir- agant to preach the gospel to the Hindoos, he calmly - replied : ' "Look, sir, to your marching or of derb : 'preach the gospel to every in creature.'" MomvTAINEza . n- - 7: Social Morals at the North. s To what a low depth the social ý- morals of the Northern people ae have sunk is shown by the numer or oneus and full reports of the various suits with which the papers are Sfilled. The poisoning of wives by s- hpsbands, the divorce suits, the ie cruel beating of children; the die zy putes over the edtates of dead men; he seductions of women; the lascivi ous actions of Christian ministers and the rascalities of graceless 'P youth in circumventing infirm rich Id relatives make up the staple of ev- t in ery enterprising Northern journal E which reaches us. One edition of I 9e the New York papers contains Le such an array of those various so me cial immoralities as, if spread t . through the history of the crimes of a whole year, ought to exclude e the cozpmunity in which they oc- s $ cur from recognition as a civilized s d and Christian one. * It Here is an scount of the delib o erate poisoning of a wife by a pop- I ular preacher of winning manners t e and unctious eloquence and piety. I, The trial of this man created so ,e great an interest among the wo- t t- men that they camped in the court t room all night r brought lad- t ders to mount throu --be win- v dows in' order to be present ad t g hear the disgusting testimony.- - e The villain was convicted, but got o only fourteen years in the peni- t1 tentiary. Here he would have a n been swung from the gallows. b r, Next we have a report of an I t able-bodied man beating a little c girl of nine years so that her body d streamed with blood and was so torn and bruised as to render e 1 clothes unendurable. This ruffian f justified the act by the plea that d the girl had some beer charged to 14 him which she had got for some d other person. Then comes the report of a tl sweet youth who decoyed a rich tt uncle into a .disreputable place p t and dosed him with drugged I, whiskey until he became delirious, Is and then sought to have him to placed in an insane asylum in or- t, i der to get possession of his prop- w - erty. b r:A d even the heirs of Old Ccm modore Vanderbilt have had to r go into court to meet the claim of a vagabond son that his father a was of unsound mind, because he 8, had not been recognized as enti- w tied to a full share of his estate. tr And these are only a few of the th incidents described in one single I copy of a New York paper as oc- ti curring in a day's proceedingM of w the courts of that city, which il- he lustrates the condition of the social j morals in the Northern metropolis ed of the Union.--Exchange. tic The Railway Strike. n ITs8 LESSO1N. p The peaceful communities of the on North, so much inclined to boast ne of their superior morality and civ- ye ilization, are just now experiencing ti one of thoso unaccountable up heavals by which social and indus- de trial conditions are disorganized bli and the most deadly of antagon- a isms are provoked. While flip- 1m pant scribes throw all the blame all upon the strikers, and call down tri the vengeance of authority upon p them, the thoughtfal tstatist will ba re pass from effects to auses, and us while seeking the underlying prin ciples of action, will discover that rs, the fault is by nd means confined ill to a single class or calling. e, Even to the superficial observer, 3i it must be evident that, with all 3d the disastrous consequences of. ig strikes before them, the railway iK employees would never have oem 0- bined in se desperate an attempt' is to right their wrongs, If the har id ness of oppressive monopolies had . not been wringig iato the ver es raw. It must be remembered m that "The blood will follow where the halknife is driven; in The flesh will quiver where the pincers in tear." v- The true cnuse of the present le uprisming among the railway em : ployees may be found in adeter r- mined sectional and monopolistic 7 attempt to divert the grain trade of the West from its natural chan nels-the water-ways of tlI Mit sissippi and its tributaries-by means of railways. While the war al lasted the effort on the part of the le monopolists was easy, They had r- thed power in their own hands; is could commank their own terms, re and madp the most of the situa iy tion. But as soon as the Missis 1e sippi began again to flow unvezed 5- to the sea, pretentions on its be ; half were set up. The Northern 1- grain rings, and the Northern rail s way monopolists, however, laugh is ed at the very thought of rivalry. h Most of the fboats ad bargeson r- the Mississippi had been destroy il ed, and before they could be re )f built and enabled to operate eco is nomically, the grain trade of the country would become a perpetual d tributary to Northern railways and s Nortnern interett. e But experience has proved this sectional and selfish theory un d sound. Tlhe cost of railway trans portation cannot be reduoed be yond a fixed minimum, and this - minimum is ten times as great as S that involved in the water trans V. portation of heavy articles for con o siderable distances. As soon as 0- the free water-ways of the coun ct try were prepared to compete in I- the movement of freights, the rail ways were compelled to reduce d their prices. The competition in - crssed; the cheaper water-ways t of the bStLAwrenoe, combined with Sthose of the ssissi~pp began tp e attract grain, no-s-i from the Northern railways, but boi. 1 Erie canal, and the transportation e charges had to be still further re 9 duced on both canal and rails. The railway magnates were, nev r ertheless, determined that no op t position, however serious, should t drive them from the field. By fol lowing this determination, theye. duced through-freight charges a siderably below cost, and to save themselves from losses,.treansfrred the burden to passengers pad ea-. ployees. In such a matter the pe sengers were comparatively help. less; and the employees consepted to reduction after reduction, till the verge of starvation at .length was reached. They expos tilted, but in vain. With only their e-. mon sense, and their needs to uide them, they dselared it imci dal to carry freight at losing ates. But the magnates were deaf to all expostulation. The balance sheet was still uniatisfsctory. Another turn of the screw.was seeded, and the employees bed again to sufer. This was the feather that broke the camel's back. The vengeance which, Nemesha-like, dogs the heels of selfishness and oppres sion, uprose in the wrath of wrong- . ed and desperate men. Destruc tion has for days been abroad in the great centres of railway mo nopolies and values; thousands of tons in freights, and millions iln products, are iu peril, and-more than all-a blood-cemented seal on the book of sectional selfish ness which will cast a red glare for years on those who have been par ties to the strife. All this is deplorable. and we deplore it; but in the stubborn blindness of the policy pursued, it was inevitable. Men cannot, with impunity, undertake to subvert alike the laws of niture and of trade, nor can a car be as cheaply pulled up hill on cosetJy railsa a barge can be moved down stream.