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FARMER AND PLANT
Ee uit Proper Management Much of Its
The aseutifle basis upon whic the
best and most economical methods of
managing barnyard manure rest has
-laimed mueh at udton sreeutly from
a number of the most prominent scien
tific men of the oldi w.. Reedntef
fort has bee esy Ir y direiteg to
the practical end of simplifying meth
ods of manaymeqt. and peeserwnion,
for it is elberly unuerstood that only
the fertilizing matter of barnyard ma
nure Iu in oI diaute and bulky a form
that only the simplest methods of ma
nipulation can be profitably applied
The object- stngt s a very simple
and definite one, but the means by
which it is to be attained must be de
veloped by saeeatile investigation of
the most complea and comprehensive
kind. The changpl which wanure Un
dergoes, which it induces in the soil,
and which determine to a large extent
its fertilizing value, are mainly the
work of micro-organisms. A study of
these changes therefore requires not
only most careful work on the part of
the chemist, but als painstaking
study of the bacteriologist; and since
the conclusions rseahedby these ex
perts must be dafirmed bh actual tests
in the field, the investigation of this
subject furniltes an oapertunity for
profitable eoyoperative work by at least
three departments of an experiment
Blace the direct fertilizing valuab of
manure depends so largely on the tl
trogen which it contains, it will be
found that the investigators above re
ferred to have given their attention
mainly to a study of the availability,
ohaages and ausesa and prevention of
loss of this element in manure.
Probably the most interesting fact
brought oat is that coarse manure and
litter, espeelally wheat straw, contain
an active denitrifying organism. It
has been observed that such
material is liberally to
the soil. the ava' tea
availalie- t-ion of
mana ur in a
yield c wn, how
ever, tha effect is holy to be
noted un arePv-, Ite, u n
usually a~apr*p, i, t s a
subject of great selenti * nce,
and demands tb4 n r study of
methods of managemenuttfmanure the
effort should be made to develop sye
tems of preservation which wilt not
only prevent harmful changes in the
nitrogen, but also reduce to a mini
mum the activity of the denltrifying
organisms, which may prove so injt
nione to the soiL-Southern Cultivator.
In msig .s -by.jbg e dairymen
at omp here they 'do
with, letsng arr t
nqomM te eajdmn be
heater set in a ke k hlth there is
a quantity of wtir. A t RA y kettle is
best, a kettle add stipe ot ed. If
you do not yo use a
ealdron kettle I "lsn if there
is draft enong thatI 1 not
smoke, as the W lt t the
milk. then by lli lr with
milk and warm it' t 100
degrees Fh sq ral it
in the-vab 94 I it p and
heat-in 4Eb un
til th m the
vat ise M t all
be warmed, ig4sett t,
reduced fithlsae quart 4:eold water.
at the rate of three ounces to,o000
pounds of milk, thoroughly stlfted, so
that it will be evenly distributed
through the whole mass of milk. When
the SU1 l hLth og & aM tL
it will cleave from the- side of the
whey pressed away by laying
the baek of the bhand upon it.
eut it, using the perpendiculasr knife,
ad ect p even as pRsible, 'hen stp
ituamtf the whbej'e nd 'Yo uprs*
qouite freef tb2. 1 $t t- *ey and
till the tin heater and warm up to
boout 100 degree Fahrenheit and turn
in the rat, and contionu to do so until
the temperature is brought up to -
degrees Fahrenheit, at which point it
should be kept until the card becomes
frm, ahd when squeezed up in the
hand, it will fall apart readily,
a hot ir,- it wilk draw out fins
tredaaehstole e-katt inch in Ieugta.
at the rate of two pounds of s
the ad o the vtandcovr up
put to press and pres it ligtlyI
rt In 1St hours theekeasnaU~y e
a oat and a muslin badegeg~u.
t it. The cheese should be kept
cool room and be turned, gsased
rbed everykday.--Duae Farmer.
Man.agqmet -i Oue ot the Pr=ie
o a nk r Jtesji
rly ma &
rast ibs,+4 ' .e . b
, It t J"t .
S neryimproved liv
p ossibly be had upon a
-t a, very uamll farm. eonistlng of
-ely a few mes (amoi properly a ga-
de), sitated near lrgie olty, 4 de
yoted artmailsU to small trails, bet'
isild grester reterve per are its the
empptal invested than a very large farm.
Now the size of the farm must depend
upon the man. Some men have better
management than others and have the
ability to oversee large forces of men
and do business on a large scale. Such
men can snccesstully manage a large
farm. A man who likes to putter
around by himself, sad who has but
little executive ability, might do well
on a small farm, butwould make a mie.
erable failure in -trying to ran a large
farm. Hence success in farming deo
pends less upon Vie esJe of the farm I
than on its manasgemnt.-Horae and
Breakimg Up the Sesaers
There are many ways to "break up"
a hen that is setting, the majority of
which methods, however, being cruel
and unnecessary. The best mode is to
have a eoop two feet square and 18
inches high; with openings o top,.
bottom and sides; that is the top bot
tom and sides, should be of slatseso that
should the hen sityon the floor of the
coop it will be cool under her, the
open sides preventing seclusion. The
hen should be fed but once 'a day, on
lean meat, and should have all the war
ter.desired. Should storms appear the
coop should be under shelter, bat oth
erwise it should be placed in the most
frequented place on the farm. Such
an arrangement is not cruel, as is the
case when ducking, etc., is resorted to,
and the hen will cease to set in two or
three days. Better than this is to al
low the hen to set and hatch a brood,
It is her natural method of resting
from laying, and she will lay more
eggs in a year if allowed to set, as ea
periments show that if a hen is broody
and is "broken up" she will lay but
few eggs before she will becojie broody
again, hence it Is a saving of time to
allow her to hatch and raise a brood,
as the chicks will also be a source of
proAft.-Mirror and Farmer.
A better way and more convenient is
simply to tarn the hen out of the yard
for about three days. In some eases
ionr days are required.-Farm sad
weln l, whir t.ees.
When horses are well fed they ea
generally well worked. In the.course of
time they acquire strength and ender
ance, which the andemestieatea horses
can rival. Solid food has, perhaps, a
good deal to do in the production of
such vigor, but the work has much
more. Without work no kind or quan
tity of food will make a trotter or
runher. To encounter extraordinary
labor the horse must be trained to
i eLnd while training he must
be fed on. solid food, or at least
upon rich food. A mixed diet is is
some eases better than that composed
of only two or three articles. Oats and
hay form the ordinary food of stabled
horse. In summer a little grasa to
frequently added and in winter a little
corn, but a great number of horses kept
in town receive nothing but oats sand
ha all the year round.
work these two artlole, with a weekly
feedif ba, seenmto be suRnleaºt But
others,.whose work s more laborious
and often performed ln stormy weath
er, are the better for a more oomplieat.
ed diet, more especially when the ordi
nary food is not of the best quality.
Pem t see tte sham Qars
Preventioa is better than cure. With
proper care, animals will rarely be
come sick, and when the dO, oftener
than otherwise they have to get well
without the intervention of medicine.
3ai a pestee'bwthd and bhhik
are doing wondeys in the way of'
t4ing care bf tlirft tocb and what
tl y do may e all riLt. y1 what
tlhy don't do i bah s sgit 'trouble.
little feature that otghk.t.o be
aended to fs ay ant ,,bt'r is
o rlooked, and asit 'e g'od
4r I h ý giht to n ht.
pok" l, ib.olvh food
i caref l.s4 quaititie, kdspe.
surr , 4lV n, gives thema the
v lety of food that their hatures re
etc.;-but he has'
r e k o kness amqug his cow.,
e and'%o r. It is our opilion
t all the trouble arises from the
n-,al emu, ,aloh the seekage
o lary .an.d psLP~qal4t.lA The
firmer himsel frequently drinks from;
t well. tI4a&rdyw bald two cases
of typhoid fever in *bl·emily. Look
to all the details-the only safe plan.
HERE AND TNERL
'-(nt thIreed pork itt luxbrj'
for winter use, and it is also a ne
for proeurlng h greater pro
M ..uil. ha 1aA . - sandIng
Whb s sh ut h w rut sanod
by the bale and buys it by the
_littliklsabd gto added.
A-A merctfu man is merciful to.s
te*st M f :Ttore, one who is,
mererfta to his beast is cruel. Cmr
kw,, It is so punished iq
it ought to be so punish
" -Insect enemies do
where frequent rotation isl
because, often, where they strY
or"one e rop'they will eatoiS4
other, ard i' wr can starve
---tbe resull prom feeding 'gree
caused a revolutios lu the
production in winter.
They I~ albutaes.phspo *.
plorio acid, all e
cgg and"egg shalb.
he workg dnadu.
t e mercy of the ele
vastly s l'riae
in bad years, and that
ys best to have them.
drainin, drain it
manure malkma, and all depestdi
their toll and give as back the reain.
day. tranfor-med into a suLtance of
shut ~ ~vso with4 that) whi
WiERE CASn y IS NOT NEEED,
& Mormon CoY mnity That Carries
ea Bastiess by Barter.
In the extreme southwestern corhet
at Utah is a cotton and woolen mill
more than a hundred miles from the
nearest railroad, run with practically
no cash capital and doing business al
most entirely through trade and barter.
The story of the factory is closely asso
ciated with the early colonising efforts
of the Mormon chigch directed by Brig
hta Young. It was his policy to estab
lish colotbles wherever the land and wa
ter rights seemed to offer a prospect
of permanent homes for his people.
$Ie selected a number of families to
establish a mission among the Indians
in what is now Washington county.
The mission was begun in 1861, and bad
among its objects the cultivation of
cotton with which to supply the people
with cotton goods. The soil proved well
adapted to the purpose, and the first
crop gathered in 1862 was about 100,000
pounds. To save freight on the raw
material and at the same time afford
work for skilled labor a plant was
shipped by wagons to Washington,
where there was watet power adapted
to manufacturing purposes. The plant
had originally been brought across the
plains by ox team, and was set up at
frst in Salt Lake City, but had not been
used much for lack of cotton.
Since it was first established the mill
has been run regularly, supporting a
number of families and forming the
center of u very Interettlng thdustrial
commutnty. The resources of the conn.
try are, necessarily limited, and conet
munlcntion with theouter world is diffi
-ult. The present manager is Thomas
Judd. He has been a Morttih tnission.
try in England, he was for a long tits!
bishop of one of the wards In St. George,
his home town, and he is a partner in a
large mercantile firm, manager of a sil
ver mine and mill at Silver Reef, and
owner of a big ranch on the Rio Virgen.
To dispose of the cotton and woolen
goods made at Washington,, Mr. Judd
has found it necessary to take anything
in payment that is offered. The man
who wants overalls or towels or sheet.
ing or cotton bagging may come from
away down on the Muddy in hottest
Nevada, a hundred miles away. He
may bring rock salt to trade, or butter
and eggs or dried fruit. Hlie may come
from aseross the Arizona line and bring
lumber from the forests that fringe the
grand canyon of the Colorado.
Wherever the customer comes from and
whatever he brings he is accommo
dated. Possibly $1,000 in cash passes
the door of the mill in a year, but Mr.
Jsdd declares that the total Is not more
than that. The cotton batting manu
factured is sent to the big cooperative
store belonging to the church in Salt
Lake and brings cash or its equivalent
In ersQhp dise credits. (pjsid o;
tltlb IllfN f l
passing of a dollar.
Ray day. famisbes one of the rve-r
ties of a lifetime to the Visitor. Thif
cashier, who is also bookkeeper, time
keeper and pa his place
in a wareb' e mill.
When the -CL ing on
Satu day n and
girls fill b_ Each
operativ p t rmf edited
for the + 's work and Akes his
wants knulrn. 'T : gr sies, meat,
butter, eigs andsit adries are weighed
and measured out atn charged as an
offset agatist the credd*t"r work. Cen
erally theabalance btlolthAhvgr of the
workman, lid generally the balance is
allowed to teeaumulate until the em
ploye Webdft, Then if fft happens the
mill canot supply the creditlr employe
with the things he wantsvrost, an order
on the big store in St. George is gjhen
and the acqtuatm s squatrd. If the em
ploye is abou46be married and needs
furniture for a housbe and tumber for
the construction of his bome, he leýt
nn-order for his furniture and lunerc
If he wants to buy a piece of ground,
he can always find somebody who will
trade ground for mill orders. His doo
tor will accept the orders in payment
for servicea, but that it an exceptional
thing, for the primitive Mormons, those
who haer not beena
ameelationa, rarely c a y5
for anything except a enat
They still believe in ,
hands and anotltlngfit-tt e
oil s a cure for all t lk t
to.-N. Y. Sun. ' s
"I have a dead surd'ctVi~ps gainst my
milkman," said d. ` t railroad
official a day o;,14p- " gg 4e wa;e'ters
his milk and I..w.r ratermAny wife
has, caught him dead <t Tiglra The
heard somethtfig' iv·t4' gl with
kind of dull 4ud and could som
thing dart In he bottom of e glas
Pouring * carefully out in tnoth
vessel, wla t do quppose foun
A lie crawfish, h·ir 4~ta
feiteaw, to se ot b e
oape ahan eeno e inaIesle, ' t
nJta wo teo pme 1to t my l
ti si pth wie
aWit po s mie
hip got tCaie thi
"Yon made'a mistake when you d
anot study law," maid Go tfh
wife had been lnerrogsti amfrgd
ing his weyk the previous aight.
"WhyT", asked his wife.
*lidtie s3 0obt would hate been mu
; sapoeas. ,W~la It coprs to a er
'* nation ,you would .e irreesistibl
"Has,. sid Mnh . r csrtt t Lvh
weed arMb I ese to
"Id lil him a subterfuge," replied
-Moles are excellent sw(i
Ii. u wtbd pwpr?~~Ck. .euiq4
iof adll that he co not live bat afew
smou ta. t as the breth ý about to
leave lm, one of the h sieisna
tleaan of ure, a raateo one of
his eyel jumped up in be and shouted:
Who k the villain who dsemrte my
deathbed by his solecism'" Then he gse
at the ad acntimued: "No, sr, i
am not g badly. I admit llook bad
but not badly, for I am not cross-eyed.
And from that morl,ent he began to re
cover, Wlethe anker of remorse began its
work upoh the heart of the offender, and a
matny ay. his name was to be found in the
,wb column of the llage paper.-Boe
FPe Wee Remitted.
Judge (kmpbefl had just heard the eel
degce against a young Mission hoodlum
wharged with disturbing the peace.
"I think you're guilty, young man," doe
cared the judge. "Funds in the treasury are
r low, so I guess I'll,have to get i.
y tofat 'y l s as I'm g1tt11g
hard up 'll fine you five dollars."
"You're got more money than I have,"
s"Bat ae1't ti r i bhat yw've
" and the judge emptied his pockets,
w contained just 36 cents in change, on
'he prisoner turned all of hi pockets in
side out and produced 25 cents.
"You are worse off than I am," said the
ige reladitt$1 You may gQ"-S·a
A Thoaedgh canvaps.
aeturned Westerner-Yes, sir, those cy
clones out west usally make a clean sweep.
I leaot I hto° . It j aton -
aboet , adii t ,f fnriittnel'ono
!evJty $has iht. And then, I'll be
ed If the sainons thing didn't comt
in half n hour,
Eate Man-Why, how does that
- e, thtre was .a d e
lmor gae UI on some cattle
1 ý4negsI had leat~gsme
Si e t, you may not believe it, lwt
ta grtIing one came back Isad
Weit Iv rI hand th ~neeattls.'-Pk.lr.
In llohemia-'\Vill yea lenI me flee sbil
lings, old chap! I want to lend it to
Jones." "Why lend it to .lones?" 'Well,
you se he. ovwe Im five shillings. ael be
wants to kedur-'I -sketch.
Newly Made Widow-"Aht so qne can
take John's place. I loved him from the
buott mwf 'y 'tq, Friend (rightly)
The Cook-"Arrah, mum! Oi wish ye'd
kape out ur the kitchen entoirelyl" The
MLe/ (fiUdJ" 'I o,, u gta" to mriae a
lBridget-that's all." T Cook (bursting
into tears)-"Oht thot a all, Is it? An
iahtrday eCvell ye only wantid to 'make
l igSke the p OTlliwn as sv
thiri misstde aate'; sa' G..d Qel
knows will be iver call here again ut all ut
ilter metef "th! avutage thma to tutu--d
look himself souarely in the eyes, and ask
himself what he really needed most, what
owd b ; Gfrstrib r 1uggested to his
mtiddtf" 'A~e~htb~·rubb'.dii "lrPed a pee.
cocio6 urchin in the rear of the room; and
it' the nafaiaso which followed, the ooJ
le'Tca I-firt is etmywltout i ght
wad df # the psosonical womaa
SYeu.y-Petit Journal Pour Rire."
wepl iP' I an hour' ak n'; ein'ed p ia
morte." S-ond Bmlar-"What a dat got
t' do wititt?" Fir$t Berglar-"Paum ! bbe
won't he able t' al-p fer t'inkin' 'bout it an'
be won't sige fert inkin bow he's gott"pay
fer it."--Pu. .
Yeast-"That man Dounhton is very tkep
tical. Unless he sees a thing, he won t be.
lieve t exists." Crimaonbeak-"He never
ran into a roeking-chair in the darky thean!
A New Jereey Woamfan s'lteeees
awc cratitude to Mrs. Pink
ham tI'r Relie
"Will you kindly allow me," writes
Miss Mary . Saldt to Mrs. Plnkham,
"the pleasure of exprening any grati
tadtu foer the wonderhful relief I hSfe
I duered far long time with nervousn
of thefr wemb. It
ay bekr wouma
. ing. IcoalM
nt aeep I
and life was a
burden to mes.
I eought the
relief, but all
aosasine a triaL I.took two bottles
and was eusred. I en cheerflly state,
if more lLtles would only give your
mredicine lo fair trial they would bless
the day they saw thbe advertIelmentad
there would be happier homes. loa
to e al on yor you in the futae,.
I have you alone to thank for my re
eovery, for which I am very grsatfuL
-M a ar . 8aurrDT, Jobstown,N. J.
k both Mer ass sdi par
t sao Ie brdast samms.
J. Bo.g obui.
In three points-tone,
action, and durability
no organ approaches the
w Iisu Orpa Compay. Drantaa ., Vt
OPIUM ·and WohN°ey "" Ard
WOO.IWTM.D.. A nsn. s.
DROPlSY m =mOTIT4
-s. 5.54 torbaok .t itoamata and1u0m
besmass.n VI. LW SMER uhlea t
-qel retter~ haat ease worst
OGET THB GERIUIS A£_L ttU
Walter Baker & Co.'s
Pure, Delicious, Nurius.
Cot. lea thas ON$ C*Nr a 1
Be sure that the pckap br. oar Tradsjarb. I
Walter Bdker& Co. Lahiate
(ibeblrrbd s1i.) b.Ciiw M ..
SThe woman pinned down
Soe or two use.s i Pearlsu(e = 'w have o .be
• talked to. Wh is the ahroi way al the gan'
S and, help that she caet g * awin other ways? if
you have p r oved, - .u om irg ' bet~ o na S , emb
thdt rPe mdeuq' e
a CANDY'.. ; rv,
" UIRE CONSTtPAT9
EVERY eiO* *.' Ei'
m _~,~UWOIUMmde a I....
Ask Yout4i~tler f Tl t.
TO i.OOK ONi IRITiT ,
OSI THIS"MME *
Ask Your Dealer for TheCm . .. n,
- - - . - V - -
-· O. ... , +l, .,,;,t -, . ·1
.I.emalImW nK APemsALm
- - !r
tervraeeawte. *wiireM aO.
Homesseke rs' ude
,a . A. P.. A. , ia..bdmmts i Is W. A.
a . P. .A.. LolwMi. ., tle . e
HATCH. D. P. A.. Culeaautl. O. t .or irs 11 7
the ILLIWNOS CUWTUAL =AILSOAW$
ýn R3m danbe ma ework ing