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Uncle Sam Probes Third Degree System
.7 -JHOW PO
- * THIRD
W \SHINGTON.-One of the inves
tigating committees set in motion
at the late s( ssion of congress that is
expected to yield some interesting re
sults is the subeommittee of five sena
tors. members of the judiciary corn
mittee, who have been directed to In
vestigate and report on the workings
of the "third degree." as exemplified
by federal officers in criminal prosecu
The investigation will take a wide
range. One member of the committee
will be sent to Oklahoma to learn
what basis there is for the charge
made by Gov. lHaskell and his friends.
that the prosecutions started against
him under the Roosevelt administra
tion were inspired by personal malice,
and that the methods resorted to by
the special agents of the government
in their efforts to convict Haskell.
Another branch of the investigation
will relate to some of the western
prosecutions, especially those con
ducted by Robert Kay Devlln. as
United States attorney for the North
ern district of California. Devlin's
nomination was hung up In the Judi
ciary committee of the senate for a
long time. on a complaint that he had
-"Corpse" Aroused by Noise, Runs Away
'. 'I ERE'S a dead man In that al
I his exclamation by an excited col
-ored man at Eleventh and E streets.
in Washington. caused considerable
consternation among pedestrians and
loungers in that vicinity a few days
ago. He pointed to a narrow alleyway
on the north side of E street between
Eleven and Twelfth streets, between
Pretty soon the mouth of the little
alley was blocked by curious people.
A business man in the neighborhood
who peered over the heads of the mor
bid crowd and saw a man stretched
out full length. and apparently very
ill or dead, in the alleyway, telephoned
to the Emergency hospital for an am
bulance. Other men ran hither and
thither in search of a policeman.
"He may be drunk," suggested an
old man as he gazed at the prostrate
Sold MacVeagh Spoiled Vinegar; Fined'
JAMES WIISON. secretary of agri
culture, has been bot footing it aft
er a Chicago man who had the
temerity to sell Franklin MacVeagh,
secretary of the treasury, a barrel of
bogus vinegar MacVeagh bought the
vinegar believing it was the real
thing, the kind that father used to
make ot, the farm, fit to put on let
tuce and pickle pigs' feet with and all
that sort of thing.
The looks and smell of the stuff
made him suspicious, and so he hal
looed for the pure food inspectors
to comne and examine. They reported
the alleged vinegar was in reality
adulterated and artificially colored
and misbranded. A criminal Informa
tion was filed against the luckless
storekeeper and he was taken into
the United States court, accused of
deceiving and misleading MacVeagh.
Government's O. K. on the Lowly Toad
u M ., Icf·J
A RECENT bulletin of the depart.
. ment of agriculture in Washing
ton has taken up the case of the toad.
dispelling the "host of vague and lu
dicrous fancies as to its venomous
qualities. Its medicinal virtues, or
most commonly, the hidden toadstone
of priceless value."
Touching toads, says the bulletin,
does not produce warts on the hands
The toad's breath does not cause con
vulsions in children, nor does a toad
in a newly dug well insure a good and
unfailing water supply, nor in a new
made cellar will one bring prosperity
to the household.
The Massachusetts experiment sta
tion has been investigatIng the hab
its, food and economic value a - the
toad, and the result establishes its
persecuted Dr. Perrin, one of the de
fendants in certain land-fraud cases,
who, after being indicted, was finally
discharged for want of evidence.
A special agent of the department
of justice sent out to investigate the
charge made a written report that Dr.
Perrin should never have been in
dicted; that improper methods were
employed to bring about his indict
ment, and even after the government
officers were aware that they could
not make a case against Dr. Perrtn,
the indictment was allowed to hang
over his head for many months, to his
great personal detriment.
The methods of Francis J. HIeney
and Detective Burns may be inquired
into, and it Is not unlikely that some
attention may be given to the charge
made against the method of adminis
tering the criminal laws in Alaska,
especially at Juneau, where the
United States attorney and United
States marshal were recently removed
from office on the complaint of Gov.
Walter E. Clark.
The resolution directing an investi
gation was offered by Senator Hey
burn of Idaho. and was based upon
reports in newspapers of the police
methods employed in the Sayler mur
der case at Atlantic City. That case
was not one with which the federal
government had to do, but, in as much
as the methods complained of may
infringe the constitutional guarantees
of the individual citizen, the commit
tee feels that it has jurisdiction, and
that case along with others com
plained of will be investigated.
"No," another man declared, 'I
reckon it is a case of heat prostra
"I think he's just dreamin' about
Jack Johnson's victory," said a third.
In the meantime the Emergency hos
pital ambulance with clanging gong
arrived on the scene, and a policeman
with perspiration streaming down his
face rushed up to the mouth of the
alley and was forcing his way through
the crowd to get at the supposed dead
The noise aroused the "corpse."
The prostrate figure slowly arose, dil
closing the stalwart form of a negro.
He gazed in astonishment at the
crowd that blocked up the entrance to
the alley and saw the policeman and
white-coated Emergency surgeon el
bowing their way toward him. With
a yawn and a stretch of his arms, the
negro darted into the side door of a
printing office, slamming the door be
Investigation disclosed the fact that
the negro has been employed at the
Sprinting establishmept a number of
years He said he was tired and went
out into the quiet, cool alleyway to
take a nap during the lunch hour.
That was all.
The man pleaded guilty and was fined
$25. He promised to be good.
A Buffalo milling concern has been
fined for mixing ground corncobs with
flour middlings. The same concern was
also found guilty of putting ground
corncobs in a "gluten" preparation. A
lot of "raisins," shipped from Califon
nia to Texas. was discovered to be in
part a decomposed vegetable sub.
stance. A Chicago firm selling a
"quick-rising" buckwheat flour has
been fined for fraud in having sold
in reality a mixture of wheat flour
and buckwheat without any quick
Another Buffalo dealer was caught
selling to Michigan folk a wonderful
"hair tonic" which was advertised to
cure headache and loss of hair and
all sorts of thins. Analysis showed
it contained 98.5 per cent. of alcohol
and nothing to cure anything. The
dealer was let off with a fine. A
Mdichigan man was detected selling in
large quantities a "hay fever cure"
composed of 99.95 per cent. cocaine
hydocloride. He was fined $100. Sev
eral lemon extracts and vanilla ex
tract fakers have been recently
caught and punished.
claim to consideration and apprecia
tion. First of all, as to the longevity
of the toad, the investigators express
the opinion that many toads reach an
age of at least ten or fifteen years.
They also believe it possible for the
toad to live for a limited time with
out food. but doubt stories about toads
being found in rocks and trees.
"The toad," says the pamphlet, "is
a nocturnal animal, and ventures out
during the day only when tempted by
an abundance of food or when the air
and moving insects, centipeds, etc. At
is full of moisture. It eats only living
night, soon after sundown, or even be
fore on k, )l evenings. It emerges from
its shelter and slowly hops about in
search of food. Almost a regular beat
is covered. In the country this In
cludes forays along roadsides, into gar
dens and cultivated fields and wbew
ever insect food is abundant and grass
or other thick herbage does not pro
vent locomotion. In cities and suburb
an villages the lawns, walks and par
ticularly the spots beneath electrli
I lamps are favorite hunatg grenada
IMPORTANCE OF GOOD
LIGHT AND VENTILATION
One of Common Errors in Building Stables Is Failure to
Provide Windows and Ventilators in
One of the common errors in build
ing stables is to fail to provide win
dows and ventilators in sufficient num
bers. In the cheaper barns it is the
light especially that Is usually left out
of the calculatin. This ;µ one of the
most sericus mistakes when we stop
to think of how cheap light really is
and how valuable it is as a germi
Many of the diseases of our live
stock may be attributed to germs. Tu
berculosis is caused by spcitic germs.
The inyriads of germs that escape
from tubercular animals contlned in
a barn are disseminated through the
stables, and sunlight ih- a 1mo.-tor in the
destruction of these germs. In fact
light destroys much grmti life. Aside
from the health standlsoint good light
in the stables makes work more pleas
ant an(d provides greater comfort for
the farm animals.
Why not have the barn as light as
the parlors of the farm house? It
Se:f-Regulating Stable Ventilator.
costs but a few dollars more if the
windows are provided when the build
ing is being constructed. Judgment,
howevcr, should be .xercised in put
ting m windows in the right place.
A uniform light should be provided in
all parts of the stable.
The furnishing of light is an impor
tant cne in the construct!on of any
farm building and it is not hard to ob
tain if a little forethougtr is exer
cised. However, with tentliation it is
different because consld.-rable plan
ning must be ,-equired when building
to insure an ample supply of fresh
air in the barn sa all seasons of the
year. It is important to have fresh
air in the barn during cold weather
and at the same time avoid draughts.
Careful Study Will Disclose Fact
That Flocks and Herds Thrive
Better on Mixture Than on
(By S. t. MILLER.)
There is no one matter connected
with good farm management that is
more deserving of more careful atten
tion than the growing of tame grasses,
and the maintaining of the productive
capacity of our permanent pasture
land. The successful grass grower
needs to have a practical understand
ing of all the species of tame grasses
that we grow and cultivate on our
farms as well as a knowledge of their
requirements and conditions that are
essential to their growth. Much of
the success and many times all of the
profits of our farms are directly de
pendent upon the amount and quality
of hay and forage produced.
A cause of the inferiority of our
meadow lands is the fact that they
are supporting numberless useless
If we could rid our meadows of
this pest It would add millions of dol
lars to the pockets of our farmers.
How can it be done? By thorough till
age? By the use of more grass seed?
Most emphatically no. That would
be in direct opposition to the laws of
We may prepare the soil in the
best possible manner and sow on
EXCELLENT BERKSHIRE BOAR
The Berkshire shown in the ilus
tration, while a large, vigorous anlmal,
is no: the best type of the breed. His
ears are a little too coarse and his
nose is somewhat too long. He has,
however, exzellest bone sad brinag
gooi. healthy pisg He ti used on a
In the summer windows and doors
may be left open, but in the winter
time it is quite different. Inlet pipes
for f;csh air should be constructed as
well as proper outlets for carrying off
odors and bad air.
Veutilators should be distributed
about the barn instead of relying upon
one cr two large ones far apart. The
idea should be to equalize the venti
Sration so that the entire s;able admits,
of !proper ventilation.
Statistics show that the amount of
pure air breathed by different ani
mals during a period of 24 hours in
order to supply oxygen needed is as
follows: The horse requires 3.401 cu-'
bic te.t: the cow 2,804 cubic feet; the
pig 1,103 cubic feet. Thus it will seem
that the horse will draw into and
force out of his lungs each hour on
an average 142 cubic feet of air; the
cow 117 cubic feet; the pig 46 cubic
feet; the sheep 30 cubic feet; the hen
1.2 cubic feet. It is therefore very
important that our ventilation in our
modern farm buildings should be pro.
vided with plenty of fresh air at all
times in order to contribute to the
health of the live stock
With the outlet pipes it is not nec
essary to have more than one or two
-often one is sumcient, depending of
course upon the size of the barn.
As an easy way out of the difi
culty we would suggest to our read
ers that they make a ground plan of
their buildings giving exact dimen
sions as to height, width, length of
building and submit it to manufac
turers of ventilating apparatus, and
ask for an estimate on the cost of in
stalling a perfect ventilating sys
clover and timothy so thick that the
grass will come up as thick as the
hair on a dog and in some places we
will yet find that the young plants
will die out and their places be filled
with noxious weeds.
These interspaces may be filled ever
so often with fresh seed and the re
suit will be similar which is conclu
sive evidence that every soil has a
capacity for supporting a certain num
ber of one kind of plants and it will
produce no more than that number of
that variety no matter how well it is
tilled or how many are germinated on
that particular soil.
When we fill these interspaces be
tween the plants with another specie
of grass a certain lot of its plants
will grow and the rest will die soon
after they have germinated.
The ones that grow will not inter
fere with the other varieties and the
yield will be increased.
Practical experience has shown us
that any soil will be more certain to
yield larger and better crops of for
age and hay when it is seeded with
mixed grasses than when sown to
clover and timothy alone.
Our flocks and herds will thrive
better when fed on mixed grasses,
(no matter whether in a green con
dition or cured for hay) than they
will when fed on any one or two va
rieties sowed alone, no matter how
nutritious these grasses may be.
We will find it in every way as im
portant to balance our forage rations
as it is the grain rations if we obtain
the best results from a minimum
amount of feed.
grada herd to produeo market bago
and gives the best of satifaeUas.
Money in groem Crm.
There I. good money to grei m
broom corn where e hes the tire
sad tedltiss for hervesttg the ra
Around the Bend
By ALICE CAMERON
Ralph Hurlbut leaned back in unac
customed idleness and let the canoe
float down stream. The sense of
having nothing to do, nothing to worry
about, on this glorious June morning.
filled him with a dreamy content
He was on the first vacation he had
taken since college days. The last
few years had been strenuous ones for
the keen young business man. Mind
and body had been worked hard.
As the canoe swept down stream,
Ralph Hurlbut was conscious of an ex
hilarating excitement. His imagina
tion pictured a dozen adventures, but
one image persisted, and at last drove
the others away. Ralph's youth was
asserting Itself. He hoped he might
find Her sitting on the bank or walk
Ing beneath the willows; a dream girl
with the gray eyes and the sweet
mouth of the woman he could love.
As he neared the turn in the stream,
his odd imagining became almost real
to him. It possessed his mind wholly.
He could even see the gown she would
wear: blue, soft, with perhaps some
white fluffy stuff on It like clouds on a
June sky. He gazed with a boyish
eagerness toward the bend that hid
A few more vigorous strokes and
the canoe swung dizzily around the
curve and glided into the unknown
part of the stream. The trees were
fewer here There were flowers near
the banks. He gazed quickly about.
No one was tn sight. All was peaceful
and quite deserted.
A deep disappointment came. over
him, a feeling stronger than the cause
seemed to warrant. He tried to laugh
it off. "Here I am mooning like an
Idiot!" he exclaimed, disgustedly. '1
imagine a thing and then complain
because it is not real." But the disap
pointment and the eager longing per
He steadied the canoe and looked
around once more. A white patch on
the left bank attracted his attention.
He could not see what it was, and to
pursuit, idly paddled to the shore. He
drew his canoe up on the beak and
picked up the object. It was a little
white silk glove, long and small in
hand, the fingers still curled naturally
as if rosy living fingers were within
them. He smoothed it out on his palm.
The tips were soiled a trifle.
Ralph smiled down at the dainty
"I'll find your owner for you, little
glove." he said, putting it into his
Par up the road, to his left, he
dught sight of a moving patch of
blue-a blue dress, a white hat! Im
mediately he ran up the bank and
started along the road.
Before he could reach her, the wear
er of the blue dress turned into a mar
row path leading to the only house in
sight When Ralph arrived at the
path he could see her knocking at a
side door. Her back was turned to
him uas she pounded vigorously. Ralph
waited, walkng slowly up and down.
The blue dress evidently had a detet
mined owner. Ralph thought she
would never ease Lknocking. He bhad
his frst misgiving when she shook
the door. PFinally, when she begn to
kick strenuoasly at the panels, he be
gsan to ss that Pate had, perhaps.
been milsleading bim.
At this moment the woman made up
her mind that no one was at home.
bShe turned away and came down the
path toward Ralph, walking with la
patient strides. A basket hung on her
She looked about fifty years old, e
tremely gasunt sad remarkabiy bad
tempered. Oae glance, had the fact
that be had followed this' peraoin i a
romantice mood, carryin her glove
over his heart, moved BRalph to a t
of laughter. W.Ie she walked toward
him, staring ngripy, he rocked to and
fro in paroxyrsam of marth. Tshe worm
an came aimost .p to him. sad was
about tom msay a# g as Oettlei
tone-to judgs by her expasoe
whene he suddenly tripped on a aoms,
and catchig at Ralph for support, let
her heavy baskset fall at his ftet His
coat was torm with a ong reding
sound and the wemr est down he kav
ily in a ersmpld heap The eeam t
a glass ttle in the baket aplsasd
lightly over Ralph, and eggs covered
his shoes with a yellow coating. As
he noted each new phase of the ca
tastrophe he burst into another roar
of laughter. His companion sat In the
road and regarded him stonily. Final
ly. Ralph saw that her face was grow.
ing very pale, and at the idea that she
might really be hurt, his laughter sub
sided. He gently tried to help her up.
She struck at him awkwardly, her eye
flashing, but said nothing. Ralph was
really alarmed for by this time her
face was very white. "Are you hurt,
madam?" he asked, anxiously. No an
swer. He began to talk, hoping that
she would break her angry silence.
"I hope you will forgive me for
laughing. You see I thought you were
-er, some one else. And I was so sur
prised I could not help laughing. Tell
me whether you are hurt Let me
help you." His face looked so hand
,some and so appeallng that the stoay
expression of the woman softened a
"Well, the least you can do is to
help me home." she said, gruly. "I'm
all shook up." She evidently blamed
him for her fall. He raised her, and
she leaned on him. grunting and
They walked on. She said nothing.
Finally he began to be unpleasantly
aware of her weight His arm
seemed almost paralysed and
drops of perspiration came out
on his forehead. He stood
still a moment in the road. "Would
you mind changing to the other side?
I could support you with my right
arm. This one Is getting a little
tired." The long lips set Into a grim
line. "Can't," responded the woman.
"My other arm's hurt too bad." He
wondered vaguely bow her arm could
possibly be hurt, but said nothing. The
woman urged him oe. It seemed to
She did not speak except to urge
him to walk faster. Finally, they
made one last tarn and edme within
sight of a small gray house set well
back from the road Ina garden of
roses Red ramblers climbed over
fence and porch.
As the two drew near, a young girl
arose from the steps sad hurried to
ward the gate. " Oh! are you hurt?
Are you hurt?" she exclaimed, breath
lessly to the woman. The latter put
out her "Injured" arm and opened the
gate with a bang "No! I fell down
but I wa'n't hurt a mite. Would ha'
been home an hboar ago only I wanted
to teach some seart tools ; lesson.
She strode up the walk sad into the
house, letting the screen door slam
Again the helpless It of laughter
came upon Ralph. He leaned against
the gate, rubbing his numb arm and
shouting with mirth. This time he
had a sweet echo, and looked Into a
rosy face dimpled with funl for after
one blank moment, and a glance at the
state of his ttire, the girl had
seined to dtvine all, in a lash.
The young mwa looked down soa
what ruefully at his coat and shoes. "1
seem to have reeeived the Worst of f,"
The girl looked up with a trace or
shyness. "Ta could come in and
clean up. nDo not mid her, she's pe.
I elar. but--"
SHe broke I with a question. "Ani
a relation?" he asked. What It sha
r should be the mother!
i "No! Oh, no! We are boarding bhes
-my mother and L Mrs. Thurston
takes boarders every summer."
She started toward the house, and
Ralph followed Mrs. Thrstos met
I them at the door. Se led the young
, man to a room, supplied him with
water and elean towels It grim sileece.
e But as she was leaving she paused
S"Gtmme that ceat" Ralph hanaded it
Sto her, and she disappeared.
Presently she brought back the
coat. The lang rip was aeatly menaded.
"GOuess this'll do till you can see a
tailor. Dimner ready tl hal an hoar."
That dianaer was a memorMable event
It was a well-cooked meal, served in
Sthe long bay windows where the
ramblers climbed In over the sill. Mr.
SThurstoa last some ot her rtmenes
and eves smiled oae or twice. Mre.
PFarrand, the gir's mother, was wv
SAnd the glrlbheralft e sat by the
open window, not in the blaue dress he
had pictured, bhut tIn snowy white. In
her eyes were the lights ad shadows
the expressIons he had - i n the
eyes of the Dream Girl around tbhe
Sbend In the stream. His woadertl
vaeation had, anded begas.
Aftetrward, he saw her alone for .
meaoent on the parch. The glove ly
In h is pocket He was afraid to ask
her about It. 8uppose It bshould not
be hers. He drew tt oeat slowly. The
light tram the wndow shoee uapon I.
The girl reancbhed up and took tt frem
"Why. youa tfead my glove!" she en
calmed in swrprlse.
"It Is yours tbhe"
"Ye. 'm so glad! It is ot very
Spleasat fr e ne ot to have a mate."
He lookeo downa at her.
"In ladtih that out, too, " he mur
t He moved a step neamrer.
"Good sight." He pressed the little
I soft baad i both bis aow for a mo
mwt r "Fit we 7o0 imeerow rasmow
a lab," he sm. "Irve arrangd with I
SThrst to eome here to beasL"