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World 8y WjALTEr WILLIAIMS LL.D. FRANCE-WHICH PARIS IS NOT :; . ::. . 4'ýi. i ,1 "·'~:'·a Boulogne-s u r - Seine, France. France surely laughs in her sleeve at her in terpreters from other lands. The majority of these interpreters, fas cinated by the al luring gayety of the boulevards, find in Paris the key to the French character. Oth ers though, look ing beyond, sprinl:lo their in t erpretations with such adjec tives of descrip tion as light hearted. vinlato extravagant. Others, seeing the French Sunday, learning that in the charming French language there is no word for home, observing the gay, white ways of the cities, or reading cf a declining birth rate, quickly pro nounce France idle, undomestic, irre ligious, immoral. Now France, curi ously, is in many of her characteris tics the antitheses of these popular and far-spread interpretations. To es timate her place and plrt in to-mor row's world, a more nearly accurate knowledge of her characteristics to day is of course necessary. Paris Vs. France. First, in judging France it must be kept in mind that Paris is not France. Many of the descriptive adjectives em ployed in picturing France do apply to Paris, or, at least, to the sections of Paris where foreign travelers most do congregate. The vivid, colorful cafes, the all-night restaurants, the prurient novels and post cards, are, to a large degree, an effort to give the tourist-public what it wants, or what Pans thinks it wants. The real France x1 :;· ·'·:·~·.-~ ~ ·;, ~ ;~~ s~r~~l ~·: :r :~~ ~r~o~sac·~*·~·;·-·~oa~:·;·;·;~·~~--· ar~ ~il ~··:· :::·Y17··1~::·~: ·1·5 ~:·I; ~i~: ~i·2. :::::: ~ ~ar~ ~·.·.· ~·5 ~ ·-··· 8·lrd Fi~ld in Cr·nc~ may not be seen on Paris streets aft er dark. Paris is a beautiful city, and the French are lovers of beauty. But Paris is royalist and France is repub lican. Paris is politically restless, and France is stable. Paris is extrava gant, and France is thrifty. Paris is a sparkling diamond on the broad blouse of all France. It is not strange that the diamond's sparkle is first seen and longest remembered. But the republic is clothed and kept in its right mind by rural France. A Nation of Farmens. The real ruler of France is the peasant-farmer. Other great nations are rapidly becoming urbanized. The city is drawing men and women from the farm with rapidity that is alarm ing in Great Britain, in Germany, and even in the newer United States. Civ ilization confronts problems created by modern industrialism. That fac tory products have thus far too often meant distressful conditions of liv ing for the factory laborer and his family is a grim fact in every indus trial nation. France, in this change, remains almost stationary and takes time to adjust herself to the newer and different conditions. The one great European republic is an agri cultural empire. The high and sta ble position Which agriculture ocu pies is significant. More than 42 per cent. of the population in France is engaged in agriculture, far more than in any other country of northern Eu rope, Great Britain, Germany, Belgium or the Netherlands, and one-fourth more than in the United States. This percentage of the population engaged in agriculture shows a slight increase in recent years instead of a large de crease, as in other leading nations. This condition is idaintained despite a density of population greater than in neighboring countries, and nearly six times as great as in the United States. Density of population almost invaaribly means urbanisation. Fance is a notable exception. Iere the farmer continues to farm. Peasant Farmers Land Owners. The French peasant farmer must not be associated with the German or I the British farm laborer. He is of a different and a higher class. This difference is brought about, in a large measure, by the fact that he is an owner of the land, not merely a ten ant. Sixty-three per cent. of the French peasants are householders, owning their homes, oftentimes "a small thing but my own." Revolution does not easily originate among the owners of homes. The French peas antry are the conservative force in the republic. It must not be inferred, however, that with them conservatism spells stagnation. Though not a rev olutionist, the French peasant is not a reactionary. He is materially and morally progressive. He thinks with a clearness that some philosophers might envy. He expresses himself with a grace and a precision that, in herited by his children, gives them a birthright of speech in pulpit, tribune, fournalism, unsurpassed by any land. Distinguished Sons of Peasants. It is not strange that Rochefort and Clemenceau, the journalists, Labori, the advocate, Millet, the painter, Poin care, Fallieres and Loubet, statesmen, and a host of others, scientists, schol ars, preachers, legislators, are the sons of peasants. When the newly elected president of the third republic, Emile Loubet, halted his triumphal en try into Montelimar that he might em brace his peasant mother, the inci dent which moistened every French eye and warmed every French heart, assured the new president's popularity, for France recognizes its dependence upon the peasantry and honors, above most nations, motherhood. It is good politics, therefore, when the present scholar-president of France, motoring through France to his country place, as this ,letter is written, turns aside to visit his two living predecessors in of fice, finding them at work in their vineyards. Rural Schools Progressing. The evolution of the French peasant is the history of modern France. He is emphasizing education as never be fore. The development of the rural school in France is a remarkable fact in the republic's progress. The con troversy between state and church, bgtted as it was in the extreme and unfortunate, has made necessary larg er state grants to education which have been administered even in re mote districts with increasing wisdom. Certain distinguishing French charac teristics, aptitude for science, clarity of mind, concentration and the criti cal faculty, intellectuality and artistic taste, are shown nowhere more pro nouncedly than in the French schools -and reference is made not merely to the Sorbonne or the Ecole de Beaux Arts, but to the small schools far re moved from the capitaL The French peasant wishes the best for his chil dren. The French peasant not only owns France-he works. As France leads in percentage '- her population en gaged in agriculture, France leads also in the relative percentage of her pop ulation who are economically active members of society. In this sunny land, where everybody apparently loafs his life away, more workers are to be found, in proportion to the num ber of inhabitants, than in Great Brit ain, Germany, or our own United States. The census statistics show that of every 100 persons in the United States 38 are engaged in some chief occupation, agriculture, commerce or industry, including domestic service, and not subsidiary or auxiliary. In Great Britain 44 of every 100 are so en gaged, in Germany 45, and in France 61. The French are workers, not idlers, and this percentage increases with each decade. Not only do more I men work in France, but more wom en, also, than in the other great na tions. In the United States 14 per cent. of the female population, at the latest available report, was engaged in E me gainful principal occupation; In Great Britain, 24 per cent.; in Ger many, 30 per cent., and in France, nearly 35 per cent. Peasant Woman Holds the Purse. The French peasant woman, as wife and mother, as village merchant and farm manager, is a most impor tant persolge. She holds the purse. From h, r -,aviv ,gs came the enormous indemnity whiclh Germany exa:ted fronu France after Sedan. Often a :-hop-k.feper, shei is always a .ou ke( per. Laboriousness and thrift; characterize her daily life. lecause of this toil and thrift France, in mate rial resuurce, is a nation almost or quite suflicient to Itself. The thrift has been aided by the fact, explanatory of much in present France, that the French peasant is a land owner. His problems of legisla tion differ from those of his German and British neighbors. lie has no land question. lie is occupied with doing things, rather than with undoing things inherited. Women Largely Self-Supporting. The French woman shops with a market basket and not with a tele phone, that modern promoter of high prices. Essentially a home-maker and a home-keeper, she enjoys an eco nomic independence that her Anglo Saxon sisters do not know. Many French girls are self-supporting be fore marriage, and remain so after. 1t9rds. Even where they do not earn their living, they have a dot or dowry-for which the parents save from the girl's babyhood-and she pays her personal expenses from it. "It is rarely, indeed," said a French woman. "that one sees in France the helpless, incompetent wom an, who can turn her hand to noth. ing, having never learned to do one single thing well. Adaptable and en ergetic, the French woman can do most things in the most efficient man ner possible-her knowledge is never scrappy and what she knows she knows consummately." The new wom an may be near at hand in France, but when she arrives she will come without strident voice or scial revo lution, and will scarcely have more power ihan now. The Peasant at Home. In journeying in rural France the French peasant is seen at home and at his best. He is not on dress pa rade as Paris is upon its boulevards. He is shrewd, almost cunning; digni fled, almost courtly; uneducated fre. quently, but never boorish; possessed of all the homely virtues, frugal, serl ous-minded and devout. To the stranger he is hospitality itself, and to his own countrymen he has a psic fect genius for friendship. High Regard for Woman. . With all appeals arouse their enthusiasm to its highest point: Woman, as wife and mother; the tri-color with its declara tion of liberty, equality, fraternity; and the republic, which to them stands for political, social, economic progress. Characteristic of the French, in dell acy, woman-adoration and felicity of speech, was the manner in which the sad news of the death of the distin guished French statesman, M. Thiers, was announced to his widow: "Mad ame, your illustrious husband once lived." Again, a presidential candi date, a peasant's son, who married a woman of doubtful reputation, was sharply attacked in the Paris and pro vincial press for his political views, but never a word was published re garding his wife. No woman's name is dragged into the public prints of France. "The English "have a scornful in sular way Of calling the French light. The lev. tty Is in the judgment only, which yet stands; For say a foolish thing but oft enough (And here's the secret of a hundred creeds Men get opinions as boys learn to spell, By reiteration, chiefly) the same thing shall pass at last for absolutely wise And not with fools exclusively. And so We say the French are light, as if we said, The cat mews or the milch cow gives us milk. "Is a bullet light That dashes from the gunmouth, while the eye Winks, and the heart beata one; to flatten itself To a wafer on the white speck of a wall A hundred paces off? Even so di rect, So strongly undivertible of aim sla this French people "All idealists. And so I am strong to love this noble France, This poet of the nations, who dreams on Forever after some ideal good Some equal poise of sex, some un avowed love Inviolate, some spontaneous brother hood, Some wealth that leaves none poor and finds none tired, Some freedom of the many that re spects The wisdom of the few." And this is not Paris, but Prance! If the supreme test of tomorrow's world is what it makes of the indivld ual in his daily life, there are many lessons ·to be learned among the grave and gentle, idealistic peasant folk of La Belle France. (Conyright 1914. by Joseph B. Bowle&.) BLOUSE MUST BE TIDY NEAT ADJUSTMENT PT THE BACK IS IMPERATIVE. Small Buttons to Fasten Garment Are the Best-Not at All Hard to Arrange and Keep in Proper Shape. Somre, people seem to think that the back fastening of a blouse is a thing that doesn't matter much because they (cant see it themselves. But it does balter very much indeed, for, though you can't see it, other people can. and an untidy row of gaping buttons and holes down the back will spoil the smartest blouse that was ever made. I often use patent clips on the back of a blouse, but the thing against these is that they sometimes rust in the wash. Little buttons are safer, and, if you put them on correctly they Mvill be perfectly tidy. You see, you must make a plain hem down the left-hand edge, and sew the buttons to this. Then finish the right-hand edge in any way you like some people put a box-pleat, others a couple of tucks turning different ways, others just a straight hem. But, what ever it is, it must be all tidily done and finished before you have any dealings at all with the buttonholes. These holes should never be worked into the back of the blouse. They should always be done on a separate bit of stuff-a piece of material fold ed double, or a strip of strong tape. Work holes through this to match the buttons, and then put it inside the blouse and sew it down at the inner edge only. You can catch the outer edge of the blouse to the outer edge of the but tonhole strip by a knotted stitch here and there, if you like. But the main parts of the two edges should be left separate from each other, so that you can slip your finger in between them when you want to fasten the buttons. When the button has gone through the hole, it Is hidden under the right hand edge of the blouse, so that it does not show a bit. And, if a button hole gets torn, there Is no particular harm done, for the material of the blouse is not spoiled by it. It's quite a good plan to keep one of these little buttonhole strips al ways in your basket, and work at it when you have a few spare moments. -Exchange. Plaids for Spring. Plaid gowns have taken a strong hold upon the fashionable world this inter as the result of the novel ways e French couturiers have devised f combining the latest loom products f many colors. The idea of modeling straight lines Sare at -ctve Jn other words, untrimmed dresses are having special prominesce for certain occasions and depending for style upon their simplicity and the modish ac cessories of the hour, Morning dresses have new prolinence this season. In a way they tale the place of the erst while tailored sutt of mannish cut when worn wit the separaite coats that also are em asized more than for many winters. For .e Brld. Now that it hai wisel* become the fashion to' give thN bride a really use ful wedding gift, ear n mind that every housekeeperpeedsh cedar chest. Really beautiful 4ts tbly make, for they are highly po)bhed, carefully fin ished, fitted with ltall locks of ar tistic workmanshiland are in every respect ornamenta If the bride is to live in a hotel 4 wal welcome a steamer trunk sa ed chest, which may be slid under e bed, but if she has taken an atment choose a cedar box in winds seat form that it may help towarhe furnishing of the new home. MAKES A PREY PRESENT Pipe Rack and Ma Holder Appr. clated by Any t That Uses Tobai Our sketch showi: useful little present to make far man who is a smoker; it is a ra#9or holding two pipes and some mlkes. For the A i foundation, a piece c rardboard must be cut out in .;*ape shown by diagram A on the It side of the illustration, and it be scored across with a pen kz at the points indicated by the dott M This board is smoo vered with pale blue silk, whic be tacked up to the cardboard tf. points where It is to be ben pior to do. OUTDOOR COSTUME OF MERIT Heather Mixture Tweed the Best Ma terial-Norfolk Coat Has Distinc tive Points Worth Noting. This costume is in heather mixture tweed. The skirt has a strap taken part way down each side of front; in verted plaits are then made, these give a comfortable fullness at foot. The Norfolk coat has straps taken from shoulders to hemrn at back and front; the strap at waist is passed under these and buttoned in front; buttons and corresponding holes form fastening. The collar is faced with plain cloth. The hat is of the same material, with narrow folds of satin edging the bows. Material required: Five yards of tweed 46 inches wide, five buttons, two and one-half yards lining 40 inches wide. Present for the New Baby. For the latest baby of your dearest friend, get up a "surprise box" from materials at hand. Somewhere about the house you will be certain to And an oblong pasteboard box which may be reduced to about 12x5x5 inches pro. portion. This should be smoothly covered with white lawn and its top transformed into a lid working on hinges of narrow ribbon run through double sets of punch holes, the mu-mrwere. Two big white bath towels from your reserve stock of household linens should then be In. itial-embroidered in pink or floss and laid in the box, leaving just enough space at one end for a pair of pink or blue w'ash cloths. Lacking a sup ply of face cloths, squares that will do as well may be made from a partly worn fine damask napkin, herring bone hemmed with pink or blue floss. Vogue for Flounces. Flounces of black and white tulle, black and white chiffton or black and white lace respectively are introduced into many of the gowns designed for southern wear. They trim the back of the draped skirts, the typical Louis XVI. sleeves and the upper portion of the botices. The skirts In black, violet or olive green taffetas or charmeuse that will be worn in the south this winter open In a point at the back of the waist over five or six flounces of equal width, and this effect is continued on a moderate sized train for the even ing. ing this, two pockets for the pipes must be sewn in their proper position on the silk, and on the material which covers the front of the division for the matches, the word "Matches" is work ed in scarlet silk. The diagram clear ly shows the different portions of the rack, and B forms the back. D is fold ed upwards, and C forward, until the edges meet, when they can be secure ly sewn together. The pockets are edged with a fine scarlet silk cord, carried into three lit tle loops in the center, and the edge of the rack itself is finished off with a broader cord of the same color. At the top there are three loops of cord, the center loop being made rather larger than the others, as it is by this loop that the rack may be suspended from a nail in the wall. PAstened with glue to the upper part of the back is a small strip of sandpa per on which the matches may be struck, and when complete, the rack should measure nine inches in height and six and one-half inches in width. Hat of Many Uses. The newest think on the Paris mar ket is a "dismountable hat." evolved because of protests against the monster fashions. The new hat is many in one. It can be made a town, theater, auto mobiling, or affixing aigrette, bow, or row of brillia;ts, and being twisted in to a new shape. Its practical utility is that it saves an accumulation of hat boxes when traveling. Use Lime Water. When Jars and Jugs have been put away and smell musty, rinse them with lime water. This is particularly good for vessels used for milk. WOULD SIT DOWN COULDN'T GET UP And This Lady Would Do a Little Work and Have to Go to Bed for an Hour. Columbia. Tenn.--Mrs. Jessie Sharp, of this town, says: "I was a sufferer from womanly troubles for five years, and it got me( down so I could rnot do any of my work. Would have to lie in bed nearly all the time. When I would sit down, couldn't get up, with out pulling at somt thing to help me. I would do a little work, and have to go to bed for an hour. I would have those awful trembly spells, and a swimming in my head. I surely felt that I had rather be dead, than be in my condition. I finally wrote to the Ladies Ad visory Department, of the Chattanooga Medicine Co.. and they advised me to try Cardul, the woman's tonic, for my troubles. I did and now I am sound and well of all my troubles. The sec ond bottle helped me so much, that I didn't have to go to bed any more. I certainly feel that Cardui is worth its weight in gold to every suffering woman." If you, lady reader, suffer from any of the ailments so common to women. try Cardui. For more than 50 years, Cardui has been used with entire satisfaction, by hundreds of thousands of weak and ailing women. It will surely help you, too. N. B.- Wrik .*a Ladies' Advisory Dept.. Chatta. nooga Medicine Co., Chattanooga. Tenn., for SeCeallniracoyn, and 64-page book."Home Treat. ment for Women." rent an plain wrapper, eo request. Adv. Face and Fight Worry. Realize your worries for what they are worth-for what they really are. Face them-stare them in the face. Leave the future to the future, and all your worrying and anxious wondering will not alter it an atom. All you do is to burden yourself with your exag gerated conception of your worry and to carry it with you upon your back into your future. Face it, realize its limits and fight it. FALLING HAIR MEANS DANDRUFF IS ACTIVE Save Your Hair! Get a 25 Cent Bottle of Danderine Right Now-Also Stops Itching Scalp. Thin, brittle, colorless and scraggy hair is mute evidence of a neglected scalp; of dandruff-that awful scurf. There is nothing so destructive to life; eventually producing a feverish ness and itching of the scalp, which if not remedied causes the hair roots to shrink, loosen and die-then the hair falls out fast. A little Danderlnoe tonight-now-any time-will surely save your hair. Get a 25 cent bottle of Knowlton's Danderine from any store, and after Ie first application your hair will e on that life, luster and luxurianco which is so beautiful. It will beqpmo wavy and fluffy and have the appa'e ance of abundance; an incomparable gloss and softness, but what will please you most will be after Just a few weeks' use, when you will actual ly see a lot of rpe, downy hair-new hair-growing all over the scaip. Adv. Modemrn, Winifred was the guest of a coun try gentleman of sporting proclivi ties. She wuas walklng with her host through the park one morning when a fox leraped from the covert and darted across an open space. Winltred clung to her companion's arm. "Heavens, Mr. Tubbs!" cried she, "what was it? You don't mean to tell me that red fox fur can run about all by itself?" IlzzY, HEADACHY, SICK "CASCARETS" Gently cleanse your liver and sluggish bowels while you sleep. Get a 10.cent box. Sick headache, biliousness, dims aessu, coated tongue, foul taste and fool breath-always trace them to torpid liver; delayed, fermenting food in the bowels or sour. gassy stomach. Poisonous matter clogged in the in testines, instead of being cast out of the system is re-absorbed into the blood. When this poison reaches the delicate brain tissue it causes con gestion and that dull, throbbing, sick ening beadache. Cascarets immediately cleanse the stomach, remove the sour, undigested food and foul gases, take the excess bile from the liver and carry out all the constipated waste matter and poisons in the bowels. A Cascaret to-night will surely straighten you out by morning. They work while you eleep-a 10-cent box trom your drunggist means your head clear, stomach sweet and your liver and bowels regular for months. Adv. A girl can't throw a stone, but that Is no reason why she shouldn't have ua aim in life.