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The Caldwell watchman. (Columbia, La.) 1885-1946, February 19, 1915, Image 3

Image and text provided by Louisiana State University; Baton Rouge, LA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88064181/1915-02-19/ed-1/seq-3/

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ON THE. MOUNTAIN ROAD
CLIMBING the volcanic moun- I
tains of Hawaii is one of the c
greatest pleasures of tourists I
who remain any length of time 1
in the islands. Owing to the f
fact that some of these volcanoes are c
by no means extinct, the ascent is 1
often exciting and sometimes rather i
dangerous.
Very recently Mauna Loa was as
cended by Dr. A. S. Baker of Keala
kekau and Rev. A. C. Bowdish of Paia.
In spite of the light and smoke which
proclaimed the fact that the volcano
was in eruption again after a silence I
of seven years, it was a decidedly
chilly and forbidding reception which
awaited them as they came to the top
of the once more active mountain. The t
snow is abundant one and a half miles
down the sides from the crater, and
the wind is saturated with a cold and
:dampness which penetrates even I
heavy clothing.
T.:. he second day out the explorers
came within fifty feet of the crater, C
immediately after sundown, strug
gling along through the heavy snow,
but they were forced to descend at
once below the snow line to find a
camping place. Even though they has
tened back down on the same trail, it
was intensely dark before they could
pause. Here during the night the ther
mometer registered 21 degrees, a tem
perature which was made much worse
by the strong north wind that swept
across the unbroken lava field.
Climbing Exhausts the Mules.
During the night Doctor Baker was
quite sick and incapable of further ef
fort. But it was determined that an
early start for the top be made by Mr.
Bowdish and the younger guide. The
mules were quite exhausted with their
two days of work, closing with the
supreme effort of the night before, and
were scarcely rested for another effort
when it was by no means sure that
they could get through to the rim of
the crater. It is a constant rise to
the very edge of the great cavity.
Mr. Bowdish and the guide felt well
repaid for their daring attempt to
cross that barrier of snow, for they
saw one cone still active, throwing
lava up 150 feet or more, while near
by was a "bowr' that was boiling,
splashing lava to the height of 50 feet
or more. Just beyond these to the
south was a narrow line of fire where
a stream of lava had not fully cooled
on the surface. There was smoke is
suing at a dozen or more places in
comparatively small volumes, but no
'fire was visible or other cones in
sight. The whole floor was a vast
black surface with practically no un
evenness, barring the chilled walls of
lava streams apparently no longer .ac
tive.
The active cone was from fifty to
one hundred and fifty feet high, and
the display of white-hot lava was like
the illumination of a gigantic "flower
pot" in fireworks. The lava was thrown
up three times the distance of the
height of the cone above its crest. The
lava lost its color before it reached
he highest point and became black
against the blanket of show which was
on the slope of the farther side of the
crater. Except for this relatively small
slope all that the party could see from
their location was perpendicular walls
on all sides.
Trail Through Lava Flows.
The party required two days to
make the ascent and a half day less
for the return, during the short winter
days. They had had no bad weather
except a drizzling rain the first after
noon and night.. This clear weather
was indeed fortunate, for the compli
cated trail must be followed to avoid
the later flows of lava, like great clink
ere, which are impassable for animals
and must be avoided. For 25 miles or
more the unbroken billows and cross
streams of black lava are irregularly
covered by the later and impassable
flows, making a labyrinth of the trail
which only the Initiated .can follow.
For hours the trail was up and up c
over level after level of the unending a
lava. Glimpses of the snow-crowned a
peak led one to believe that it was not c
far distant. Then perhaps after an- I
other hour of climbing up from one f
level to another apparently the top A
was farther away than ever. And the f
long detour around the impassable p
places grew wearisome in the ex- i
treme.
The party was under the guidance
of the Gaspars, who have in the past
so successfully piloted large and small
parties to the top.
Doctor Baker and Mr. Bowdish both I
feel that the chances run during an
ascent in the winter months amount
to great hazard because of the vast
miles of unbroken lava which a mist
or storm would render terra incognita i
and the constant danger of falling into
holes or of breaking through the crust a
--contingencies which could not be a
guarded against., As it was, Mr. .Bo~
dish's mule twide broke through; onc '
causing him to be thrown off.
"THE ADVENTURE OF LIFE"
Allegory Shewing That Even in Its
Precariousness.Sweetness Is
Found.
There is an old and strange eastern
allegory of a man wandering in the
desert; he draws near to a grove of
trees, when he suddenly becomeE
aware that there is a lion on his track,
hurrying and bounding along on the
scent of his steps. The man flees for
safety into the grove; he sees there
a roughly built water tank of stone,
excavated in the ground, and built up
of masonry much fringed with plants.
He climbs swiftly down to where he
sees a ledge close on the water; as
he does this, he sees that in the wa
ter lies a great lizard, with open jaws,
watching him with wicked eyes. He
stops short, and he can just support
himself among the stones by holding
on to the branches of a plant which
grows from a ledge above him. While
he thus holds on, with death behind
him and before, he feels the branches
quivering, and sees above, out of
reach, two mice, one black and one
white, which are nibbling at the stems
he holds and will soon sever them. He
waits despairingly, and while he does
so he sees that there are drops of
honey on the leaves which he holds;
he puts his lips to them, licks them
off and finds them very sweet, Arthur
C. Benson writes in the Century.
The mice stand, no doubt, for night
and day, and the honey is the sweet
ness of life, which it is possible to
taste and relish even when death is
before and behind; and it is true that
the utter precariousness of life does
not, as a matter of fact, distract us
from the pleasure of it, even though
the strands to which we hold are
slowly parting. It is all, then, an ad
venture and an escape; but even in
the worst insecurity we may often be
surprised to find that it is somewhat
sweet.
Activities of Women.
New York city is to have a house of
detention for women.
Oregon has three woman lumber
dealers and two female carpenters.
SPhiladelphia has over 20,000 females
employed in clerical positions.
r Scores of distinguished women at
r tended the recent sessions of the
American Association for the Advance
r ment of Science, held in Philadelphia.
- Madam Bakhemeteff, wife of the
d Russian ambassador to the United
. States, has one of the finest collec
s tions of jewels in the world.
STwenty-four per cent of nearly six
I million women and children employed
y in stores, laundries, factories and tele
e phone exchanges in New Orleans re
i ceive an average wage of less than
r. four dollars per w
tal
Fundamental si
e *orol
Pnrnciples of eiº
,,,: Healthr ind
*fr
" " st
(Copyright, 1914, by A. S. Gray) al
THE PARATHYROID GLAND. do
be
We are compelled to use animals he
such as the dog, the cat, the monkey ha
and the like for the purpose of secur- on
ing experimental corroboration of
many theories because physiological th
chemistry experiments along such
lines generally necessitate extensive ne
and dangerous surgical procedures. TI
And although an abundance of experi
mental material is readily obtainable, At
the demonstrations of theories enorm- is
ously important to man are necessar
ily slow, largely because of a wide- an
spread prejudice against considering to
conditions in the lower animals an- to
alogous to those found in the human. sh
Schiff noted fatal results to dogs
following removal of the thyroid in In
1856 and wrote about it in 1859, but
no notice was taken of his work by t
the surgical profession. Again in 1884,
following reports of the removal of a
human thyroids by Raverdin in 1882
and Kocher in 1883, Schiff wrote show- ti
ing that after complete extirpation
of the thyroid all the animals died in
four to twenty-seven days. These ex- l
periments were confirmed by various
observers, but in many instances the
symptoms shown by the animals sub
sequent to the operation proved to be
of most variable character, not only 0
in different species, but also in dif
ferent individuals of the same species.
A few of the animals succumbed in a
few days, frequently with the accom- g
paniment of convulsions; others lived
for some months or even longer and a
sank gradually from general lack of t
nutrition, but occasionally a dog would b
survive the operation.
In the case of the human being t
complete removal induced a like var- a
iety of symptoms, a state resembling
myxedema and cretinism (a condition n
of deficient development and idiocy),
besides anemia, a readiness to fatigue, s
a sensation of cold and occasionally t
tetany (convulsions). 1
The four insignificant pealike par- r
athyroid (near-thyroid) glands tucked I
away behind the more prominent I
thb eye of the anatomist, and for a I
long time after they were discovered
they were given no particular consid- i
eration. But careful investigation of
these baby glands by anatomist, his- a
tologist and embryologist proved them
to be independent organs structurally t
and functionally distinct from any a
other tissues, and of vast importance I
in the economy.
Experimental investigations demon
strated the parathyroids to be vital
organs of remarkable physiological
activity in a wide range of animal
organisms. It was demonstrated that
rabbits deprived of these tiny bodies
died in convulsions. Gradually the
significance of this observation dawned
upon surgeons and physiologists.
When the parathyroids alone are re
moved the animal dies quickly with
,acute symptoms, including convul
sions; but when the thyroids alone
are removed the animal may survive
for a long period, but will develop a
condition of chronic malnutrition sim
ilar to the disease known .s myxe
dema in man.
The experimental evidence in the
case of the parathyroids tends to sup
port the view that their function con
sists of in some way neutralizing toxic
substances formed elsewhere in the
body; they are poison destroying or
gans, whose principal function most
probably is to neutralize the metabol
Ic poisons particularly detrimental to
the nervous system. Therefore, after
removal of these glands, death occurs
from the accumulation of the so-called
metabolic tetany poisons formed in
the blood and tissues, attacking the
- nerves in the absence of the normal
parathyroid secretions.
SThe tetany (convulsion) of pregnan
t cy and lactation, epilepsy, exophthalm
ic goiter, paralysis agitans (shaking
Spalsy) and other conditions associated
1 with muscular tremor is closely identi
3 fled with parathyroid insufficiency.
SAnd so, too, is osteomalacia (morbid
1 softening of bone), decaying teeth and
Srickets. It is known that lack of lime
t (calcium) in the organism leads to
tetany, hence calcium metabolism is
doubtless influenced by the parathy.
roid glands and the parathyroids in
i turn are, of course, gravely influ
enced by lack of calcium. This is a
r fact of vast importance, as later in
vestigations will prove.
Many observers have reported that
injections of parathyroid gland ex
t- tracts cause the tetany to disappear
e without, however, protecting the ani
mal from a fatal outcome. But in 1908
Macallum and Voegtlin reported that
injection or ingestion of calcium salts
d completely and instantly checks the
Ssymptoms of tetany arising from the
removal of the parathyroids and re
stores the animal to an apparently
normal condition. Similar results have
been obtained upon human beings mut
Sfering from tetany as the result of
* unintentional removal of the parathy
Srolds.
Obviousit, then, wherever there is
eridence otmusceular tr:;.-: ,r twitch
ing,lit is reasonab,l, t, si:-,.et sorme
disturbance in larairy.i.l functilon.
This points strongly towlard a ~it.iral
defciency, a calcium starvation and
to the fact that there is undou'jl.edly
some close relationship between the
widespread use of dentineralized food
stUffs and the large uuntlwr of care
worn, irritable and muscle twitching
individuals to be observed everywhere
about us. The prevention Is the use
from infancy upward of natural un
processed food matter.
THE SUPRARENAL GLANDS.
The next time you wake, with a
start In the middll. ,, the night with
your'hair standimng oIn od, ,,ur sk'n
all goosetflesh, with tI ýe p, ,rwuliar tig
ling thrills of l-,. rr:;uui!rg up And
down your spine :, :I!i over 'our
body, and you are (co,sciouts that your
heart is pounding il;k, a steam trip
hammer, do not say you are "nerv.
ous" and place all thi ilame on your
"nerves." For, as a matter of fact,
the condition is quite the reverse and
you are suffering from lack of cerebral
nerve action, rather than too much.
The brain is essentially an inhibitory,
a restraining and controlling organ.
And exactly in poportion as the brain
is developed and intelligently directed
and controlled so is fear eliminated
and banished. Permitting the brain
to run wild and around a circle tends
to derange the entire economy, as we
shall see. But returning to the fear
mentioned above. Possibly some nerve
impulse beginning in a subconscious
mental or dream action traveled from
the brain down the pntumogastric
nerve, touched off and started into
action the primordial nerve organiza
tion; but the actual active manifesta
tions of fear are now known to be due
solely to excitation of the sympathetic
nervous system. And it is conclusive
ly demonstrated that excitation of the
sympathetic nervous system results
from a substance manufactured in the
medulla, this is to say, in the interior
of the adrenal glands. This substance
is known as adrenalin.
There are three organs in our bodies
which-have the epithelial structure of
glands, but are without ducts-the
suprarenal capsules, the thyroid gland
and the pituitary body. It is assumed
that these organs obtain from the
blood certain substances which under
go alteration in their epithelial cells,
the product of such conversions being a
again returned to the blood. tal
Since 1891, when Jacobi described cit
nerves Ibnching from the splanchnics
(visceranerves) and Bidl and Dreyer we
subseq tly demonstrated that elec- so
tric sti tion of the splanchnics be- it.
low the phragm produced in the ad
renal an increased amount of
Sthe su ce increasing arterial blood
t pre ore and more attention has N4
the suprarenals.
1,beea demonstrated that there ft
isresent in normal blood a substance
fich is constantly secreted by the tr
arenal bodies and which has a marked to
Sstimulating effect upon the tone of te
y the blood vessels and upon the heart a
y and perhaps upon the skeletal- muscles. t
e It is assumed that this internal secre
tion is essential to the full activity of b
- the sympathetic self-governing nervous
lsystem, and its failure or diminution
l will be followed by impairment of the
l functional activity of the tissues thus t
, enervated This substance, epinephyr
sin (adrenalin), has been isolated and
einjected into animals, the cat, for in
d stance, and is found to induce all the
pincipal emotions characteristic of
. discharges along the sympathetic
h nerve paths; that is to say, the pupils
. dilate, the stomach and intestines are
, inhibited, the heart beats rapidly, the
Shairs of the back and the tail stand
erect-in short, the cat is "frightened,"
Sit more than the normal quantity of
. adrenal is introduced into the blood
stream. Also it has been demonstrated
that when adrenalin is injected into
the blood it causes a marked disturb
ance in the carbohydrate metabolism
of the body and sugar appears in the
urine. Following these lines it has
Sbeen demonstrated by Cannon and
Sothers that fright and rage increase
adrenalin secretion and that sugar
develops with promptness directly
related to the emotional state of the
cat. In other words, the more excitable
Sthe animal the quicker the sugar ap
n pears.
Ge reat grief, prolonged anxiety, anger
al and fright then become important
physiological factors in sympathetic
disturbances and have the power to
Sderange carbohydrate metabolism and
g produce sugar in the urine of an ani
ed mal Adrenalin is found to possess
t. the power to produce results in eox
ceedingly small quantities; Hoekins
Sshows museular contractions in solu
d tion of a strength of one to less than
S500,000,000 parts.
to The principal duty of the adrenal
is bodies appears to be to keep the cir
y- culatory system-the heart and blood
in vessels-in proper elastic tone, in this
u- way enabling the blood to be pumped
a through the body in an easy and even
n- manner.
The adrenals are also demonstrated
at to have the power of neutralizing
x- in some way the poisonous products
ar resulting from muscular work. The
ni- active substance, adrenalin, extracted
08 from the medullary part of the supra
at renal glands has found many uses In
ts the hands of the medical profession.
the Among these chiefly is its use In
the checking nosebleed sad hemorrhages
e- in minor operations, erp in shrlnking
ly the tissues of the nof I'n hay fever.
ve its action in this latter aease e opens
uf- the question of a relatlettip between
of the ductless gland secretions, byper
by- sensitive nerves and the accepted
cause of hay fewer-plazl, pollen La
is theair.
UMET
KG POWDER
The cook is happy, the
other members of the family
are happy-appetites sharpen, things
brighten up generally. And Calumet
Baking Powder is responsible for it all.
For Calumet never fails. Its
wonderful leavening qualities insure
perfectly shortened, faultlessly raised
bakings.
Cannot be compared with
other baking powders, which promise
without performing.
Even a beginner in cooking
gets delightful results with this never
rfailing Calumet Baking Powder. Your
e grocer knows. Ask him.
RECEIVED HIGHEST AWARDS
s Weld Pure Food Fspoa, Cohcago.g,
Pads EBiperion Fana March. 1912
"Hello, Frisco."
"Just think of being able to sit in
a telephone booth in New York and a
talk to your best girl in San Fran- al
cisco!" h
"I've thought of that, and I've been n
wondering how long it will be before y
somebody writes a popular song about a
it." a
0
IS EPILEPSY CONQUERED?
New Jersey Physician Said to Have
-,.~. 4a sslsm to MIs C s4edlt. $
Red Bank, N. J. (Special)--Advices t
from every direction fully 'confirm pre
vious reports that the remarkable
treatment for epilepsy being adminis
tered by the consulting physician of
the Kline Laboratories, of.this city, is t
achieving wonderful results. Old and
stubborn cases have been greatly bene
fited and many patients claim to have
been entirely cured.
Persons suffering from epilepsy
should write at once to Kline Labora
tories, Branch 48, Red Bank, N. J., for I
a supply of the remedy, which is be
ing distributed gratuitously.-Adv.
The Only One.
"There goes Rev. Dr. Fourthly, one
of our most prominent ministers. He
stands on a pinnacle alone."
"Because of his great sanctity?"
"No. He's the only minister in
town who hasn't preached an antitan
go sermon."
Speaking of the War.
Patience-I certainty am a foolish
girl.
Patrice-What now?
"Why, I followed that advice, 'See
America First,' and now there's hard
ly anything left in Europe to see!"
Fit Frame of Mind.
"How did the prisoner act when you
r accused him of arson?"
"He showed fiery indignation."
Some men are so lucky that they
even fall down when nobody is around
to see.-St. Joseph Gazette.
t Always proud to show white clothes.
Red Cross Ball Blue does make them
o white. All grocers. Adv.
d Money you bet on the mare doesn't
1- always push her under the wire first.
If you want a wal hoard that w gisve you
the best servce at the lowest cost-one
that keeps the rooms warmer in winter
and cooler in summer-ask your dealer
about
Certain-teed
Wall Board
Tests made on six high grade Wall Boards show that C.eaId is the strong
est and that it resists dampness and water better than any otr Wall Board.
t can be used in houses, oces.factories, etc At eac of our bi mills we mae the fo
permanent and temporary booths can be lowing products:
quickly and inepvesrvely built wyith A s m
uWaO Board. It can be appliedY any d3latSaeho
caful workman who follows directiofS. p t
Or C sa ls4saf ar4 e knownhasa and
h.p. j n iL the welId. n
For sole IJ eaIIIu&, Ilmlatmie PMapss
General Roofiq fg. Cmpaay M c e
~LL.A A EmmaO ts b Uu1ledd ealW4
A "Flying" Malady.
The doctors are puzzled concerning
a strange malady that has broken out
at more than one aeroplane works, and
has in one case ended fatally. The
malady in some respects resembles
yellow Jaundice, and it is, rightly or
wrongly, attributed to contact with an
aeroplane "dope," or to inhaling its
odor.
Further particulars need not at the
moment be indicated, but it has been
suggested that the source of the trou
ble may be amyl acetate, which is
used as a "dope" solvent. Some mys
tery attaches to the affair, the precise
nature of the malady not having yet
been determined, in spite of close ex
amination and analysis; and, of course,
until success is attained in this direc
tion no satisfactory precautions or
remedy can be devised.
SAGE TEA AND SULPHUR
DARKENS YOUR GRAY HAIR
Look Years Younger! Try Grandma's
Recipe of Sage and Sulphur and
Nobody Will Know.
Almost everyone knows that Sage
Tea and Sulphur properly con'Pooud
ed, brings back the natural color and
lustre to the hair whdl faded, streaked
or gray; also ends dandruff, itching
1 scalp and stops falling hair. Years
ago the only way to get this mixture
was to make it at home, which is
mussy and troublesome.
Nowadays we simply ask at any
1 drug store for "Wyeth's Sage and Sul
phur Hair Remedy." You will get a
large bottle for about 50 cents. Every
e body uses this old, famous recipe, be
- cause no one can possibly tell that
you darkened your hair, as it does it
so naturally and evenly. You dampen
a sponge or soft brush with it and
u draw this through your hair, taking
one small strand at a time; by morn
ing the gray hair disappears, and
after another application or two, your
y hair becomes beautifully dark, thick
I and glossy and you look years younger.
Adv.
5. Doesn't Go Very Far.
M Redd-What. do you think of his
new car?
L't Greene-Oh, it's all right as far as it
goes.

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