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The Cadwell Watchman VOL. 29 'OLUMBIA, LO UISIANA, FURi I)A y, .J tI, I: , !)5 N.I GERMANS WIN IN EAST AND WEST ENTIRE POSITIONS OF RUSSIANS WERE TAKEN-PARIS AD MITS LOSS. 16,000 PRISONERS TAKEN Lines of Austro-Germans in Galicia Now Extend From Cyerniawa to Sieniawa. London. - Germany claims an other great victory in the east. North. west of Mosciska, in the region of Sieniawa, the German report says that along a line extending over 43 miles the entire positions of the Rus sians were taken and 16,000 prisoners captured. The Russian official report, how ever, only mentioned the locality where this action is said to have taken place in a paragraptl which de clared that the Austro-Germans, after heavy losses in the region of Moscis ka, did not rseume the offensive. According to Petrograd the Austro Germans have made another crossing of the Niester, where a brilliant cav alry charge at Zale Szcsyky resulted in a local Russian success, but no claim is made that the invaders were pushed back across the river. A crossing of the river at this place may not be a serious affair for the Rus sians, as it is remote from Lemberg and an advance from, it might expose the Austro-German flank. German Official Statement The German official statement says: "Near Kuzie, northwest of Shavll, a few enemy positions were taken. Three officers and 300 men were cap tured. Southeast of the road from Miriampol to Kovno our trooqg took of i and ls tk i i wresre cap tured. "In the southeastern theater Gen eral von Mackensen began an atack over a line extending 43 miles. Start ing from their positions at Cyernlawa, northwest of Mosciska, and at Sienia wa, the enemy's positions have been taken along the entire length of this front. Sixteen thousand prisoners were taken. Attacks by the troops under Gen eral von Linsingen and General von Der Markitz also made progress." Seeking Eitel Fugitives. Washington. - Department of Jus tice officials decided to prosecute un der the immigration laws Lieutenant Brauer and several sailors reported missing from the interned German auxiliary cruiser Prinz Eltel Fried. rich at Norfolk, if they can be located in the United States. Parkway Plan Defeated. St. Louis. - The parkway proposi tion, by which it was planned to con vert 21 blocks into a drive and park way connecting the business and res Idence sections of the city at an es timated cost of $7,000,000 was defeat ed at a special election here by 10,000 votes. The total vote was between 70,000 and 80,000. Constantine Improving. Washington. - King Constantine of Greece is improving, according to dis patches received at the Greek embas sy, which, state that his majesty's strength is returning. Another Rockefeller. Tarrytown. - A son was born to Mr. and Mrs. John D. Rockefeller Jr., their sixth child and fifth boy. He weighs 10 pounds. Both mother and baby are doing well. Reserve Bank Statement. Washington. - A gain of $13,000, 000 in resources and 3.2 per cent for the federal reserve system is shown by the weekly statement of condition fIssued by the Federal Reserve Board. Price of Lead Advances. New York. - The American Smelt ing and Refining Company has ad vanced the price of lead from 6t to 7 cents. People Have Animal Ills. Grafton. - A malady similar to the foot and mouth disease, which has affected almost a score of persons and more than 50 animals in Taylor and Barbour counties, is giving con cern to health officers. Capital Punishment Stands. Springfield. - The State Senate went on record against tl:e abolilsh ment of capital punishment, refusing, 48 to 22, to pass the Canaday antcap ital punishment bill. GENERAL FOCH. New photograph of Generatl Floch commander-in-chief of the northern armies of the allies, who is conS;!d ered by many to be second only to Joffre in military ability. BRYAN APPEALS TO GERMAN-AMERICANS ASKS THEM TO USE THEIR IN FLUENCE WITH GERMAN GOV ERNMENT POFQM - Washington. - William Jennings Bryan issued an appeal addressed to "The German-Americans," urging them to aid in maintaining peace between the United States and the Fatherland by exerting their influence with the German government to persuade it not to take any steps that would lead in the direction of war. With this statement Mr. Bryan ex. pects to end for the present his ef forts to lay before the public the sit uation which caused him to resign the portfolio of secretary of state. On Wednesday he gave out an explana tion of why he left the cabinet rather than sign the last American note to Germany regarding submarine war fare; yesterday he issued an appeal "to the American people" to stand for persuasion rather than for force in asserting rights under international law, he also made a brief statement expressing gratification at what he termed a change of tone on the part of the "Jingo editors" regarding the note to Germany. Referring to German-Americans as "fellow citizens in whose patriotism I have entire confidence," Mr. Bryan, besides asking them to use their in fluence with the German government, urged: That they forget, never to be re called, any suspicion of lack of neu trality or friendship toward the Ger. man people on the part of the presi dent of the United States. That they should not attempt to connect negotiations between the United States and Germany with those between the United ;tates and Great Britain because "the cases are different" Canal Flag Is Designated. Washington. - President Wilson fixed the official flag of the governor of the Panama Canal Zone as one with a dark blue background, having in the center a white circle with the seal of the canal zone. It bears the words: "The land divided; the world united." Compulsory Military Service. Albany. - Compulsory military ser vice would be imposed by a proposed amendment introduced in the consti tutional convention. The term of ser vice would be three years. Made Vice Admiral. Washington. - Rear Admiral Hen ry T. Mayo, commander of the first division of the Atlantic fleet, was des ignated by President Wilson as a vice admiral of the navy. Would Oust Grain Exchange. Jefferson t;uy. - Suit to oust the St Louis Merchants' Exchange from the state because it charges 50 cents a car for weighing grain was filed in the Missouri Supreme Court today by Attorney General Barker. BATTLE CONTINUES IN BALTIC REGIONS GERMANS BALKED IN EFFORT TO REACH LEMBERG FROM THE SOUTH. ARTILLERY FIGHT IN WEST Italians Have Begun an Attack or: Gorizia, One of the Strongly For tified Austrian Positions. London. - In the Baltic province. and along the Dniester R:ver heavy fighting continues between the Rus sians and Austrians and Germans The movement, forward and back ward, of the battle lines in the Baltl, provinces is almost continual, tMi each side has at various times held the advantage. In Galicia the scene of the fighting has changed. The Germans, balker: in their effort to reach, Lemberg from the south, have attacked the Russian. on the River San, north of Przemysl. and along the Dniester in Southeast ern Galicia, and in their report clair.: successes in both sections. The movement in the southeast r sembles that which failed further up the Dniester, at Zurawna, but is on a wider scale. The right wing of the Austro-German army is only 25 miles. from the Roumanian frontier, while its left wing reaches as far as Halic, where many attacks have been dle ilvered against a bridgehead. Tho center of the operations is F lom*s, from which point the main attacks, which have carried the Teutonic al lies across the Dniester in several places, are being launched. Simultaneously the Germans a proceeding, with their attac on been successful, according to th report. In the western zone artillery ep gagements are in progress from the sea to the Woevre, and even beyond that district, with here and there it. fantry fighting. The French have at. tempted to force the Germans at some points out of their strongly entrench. ed positions, and the Germans have been endeavoring to recover lost ground. A big German offensive was predicted several days ago, but so far it has not materialized, although it is still expected. With Monfalcone and Gradisca in their hands, the Italians have began an attack on Gorizia (Gorz), further up the Isonzo River, and one of the 1 Austrians' most strongly fortified po. sitions. The Italians already have cut the communications to the north I and south of the town, so that it now depends entirely on the difficult moun tain road to the east. $24,000 For Aircraft. Washington. - 'r The Navy Depart ment announced a contract for two tractor hydroaeroplanes at $12,000 each, to be delivered by the Thomas Bros. Aeroplane Company of Ithaca, N. Y., early in July. They will be used in training officers and men in handling this type of machine, as compared to the pusher type now in use and tested for availability in rough weather. Millions Involved, Washington. - Reiteration of the government's contention that the sec tion of the Underwood tariff act granting a five per cent discount to goods imported in American ships nullified itself is get forth in a su preme court brief filed by Solicitor I General Davis. seeking a review ofi cases under the section recently de cided against the government by the customs court. U. 8. Passport. to Order. Washington. - Ambassador Page has advised the State Department of I the circulation in London of stories to i the effect that Robert Rosenthal, a German held there as a spy, has con fessed that Captain von Prieger of the German Admiralty boftice had a complete equipment for issuing fraud- 1 ulent American passports. Governor Complimented. Tuscaloosa. - When Gov. Charles Henderson visited the Bryce Insane I Hospital he was informed by Dr. i James T. Searcy, head of the insti tution, that he was the first governor of Alabama who had ever Inspected that institution. Schooner is Torpedoed. London. -. Among the ships tor- 4 pedoes by German submarines was I the schooner Express, the crew of vhich was landed at Liverpoolt I KING VICTOR EMMANUEL III. King Victor 1Emmanuel has taken personally the supreme command of the land and sea forces of Italy. ST[PS TAKEN TO SUPPLY MUNITIONS DEPARTMENT TO ATTEND TO FURNISHING SUPPLIES ON AN ADEQUATE SCALE. London. - The ministry of muni tions bills, establishing a department to attend to the furnishing of supplies of munitions on an adequate scale, was passed by the House of Lords and received royal assent. In the debate on the bill Baron St. Davids, lord lieutenant of Pembroke shire, thought it "a pity that the bill did not give power to requisition men at well as workers." He wished to dsassociate himself, he said, from at tks on the working classes. e upper classes as a whole, he 4, had come out of this trial won Ily well, but there were idlers among them. Even among the done a day's work for thet- selves or for anybody else since they were born, and that the sons of some of them still were hanging about theaters and music halls. While that was going on, the baron contended, they might save them selves the trouble of looking for work ingmen and talking of conscription and compulsory service. Men who refused to work should be made to fight, whether they like it or not. Roosevelt Applauds President. New Orleans. - Applauding Presi dent Wilson for his stand in the 4is agreement with Secretary Bryan as regards matters at issue between the United States and Germany, Col. Theo dore Roosevelt. In a signed statement received from Breton Island, La., pledges his support to the president in all steps which he may take to up hold the honor and the interests of the United States. Untried Methods on F-4. Washington. - Chief Gunner Geo. D. Stillson, who headed the party of naval divers sent to Honolulu to aid in raising the sunken submarine F-4, told Secretary Daniels some methods never before tried were used with success in bringing the F-4 from the ocean's bottom to her present posi tion within less than 50 feet of the surface. $30,000 a Year For Baby. New York. - John Jacob Astor, now in his third year, the posthn mous child of Col. John Jacob Astor, who perished on the Titanic, has been living at the rate of approxi mately $30,000 a year, according to the accounting filed with the surro gate by his mother, Mrs. Madeline Force Astor, who is his guardian. First Claim Paid. Washington. - Settlement of the first of a number of claims filed against Great Britain by American cotton shippers whose cargoes have been seized was announced by the British embassy. New Destroyer Launched. Philadelphia. - The destroyer Wainwright, built for the government by the New York Ship Building Com plany at Camden, has been launched. Champ Clark to Frisco. San Francisco. - Champ Clark will come to San Francisco to make the principal address at the welcoming of the Liberty Bell at the Panama-Pa cific Exposition July 17. 168 Cadets Graduate. West Point. - Secretary Garrison presented diplomas to 168 graduates of the Military Academy at the an nual graduation exercises and delivy ered an address in which he empha sized the value of tradition. TEXT OF AME[RICAN NOTE TO GERMAN GOVERNMENT Washington. - The text of the t American rejoinder to the German t government's reply to the note follow- C Ing the sinking of the Lusitania fol- t lows: t "The Secretary of State ad interim I to the American Ambassador to Ber lin: "Department of State. "Washington, D. C., June 9, 1915. t "American Ambassador, Berlin: c "You are instructed to deliver tex- I tually the following note to the minis ter of foreign affairs; "In compliance with your excellen- c cy's request, I did not fail to transmit c to my government immediately upon c their receipt your note of May 28 in r reply to my note of May 1F and your t supoplementary note of June 1, set- t ting forth the conclusions so far as R reached by the imperial German gov- a ernment concerning the atacks on the I American steamers Cushing and Gulf- r light. I am now instructed by my government to communicate the fol lowing in reply: Freedom on Open Sea. "The government of the United States notes with gratification the full recognition by the imperial German government, in discussing the cases of the Cushing and the Gulflight, of tle principle of the freedom of all parts of the open sea to neutral ships and; the frank willingness of the Germ:an' t government to acknowledge and meett its liability where the fact of attack c upon neutral ships' which have not t been guilty of any hostile act' by Ger- ¬ man aircraft or vessels of war is sat- c slfactorily established; and the got- t ernment of the United States will In t 1 due course lay before the imperial German government, as it requests, 1 full Information concerning the at tack on the steamer Cushing. Humanity Always Uppermost. e "They have been in the minds of 1 L- statesmen and of international jurists, i throughout the development of naval i e warfare and the government of the - ' c , o ia upon Y has insisted. Nothing but actual for cible resistance or continued efforts to t escape by flight when ordered to stop for the purpose of visit on the part n of the merchantman has ever been 1- held to forfeit the lives of her passen p gers or crew. The government of the n United States, however, does not un derstand that the imperial German 0 government is seeking in this case to relieve itself of liability, but only in tends to set forth the circumstances which led the commander of the sub 1. marine to allow himself to be hur r. ied into the course which he took. Lusitania's Status Restated. e "Your excellency's note in discuss ing the loss of American lives result t Ing from the sinking of the steamship Lusitanla, adverts at some length to t certain Information which the imperial G. German government has received with f regard to the character and outfit of that vessel and your excellency ex presses the fear that this information may not have been brought to the attention of the government of the United States. It is stated in the note d that the Lusitania was undoubtedly equipped with masked guns, supplied with trained gunners and special am h munition, transporting troops from Canada, carrying a cargo not per mitted under the laws of the United States to a vessel also carrying pas sengers, and serving in virtual effctt as an auxiliary to the naval forces of Great Britain. Fortunately, these are matters concerning which the govern ment of the United States is in a post Stion to give the imperial German gov Sernminent officlal information. Of the facts alleged in four excellency's note, if true, the government would have been bound to take official cognizance In performing its recognized duty as a e neutral power and in enforcing its na-* tional laws. United States Peformed Duties. It was its duty to see to it that the Le usitania, was not armed for offensive d action, that she was not serving as a Stransport and that she did not carry a 'e cargo prohibited by the statutes of the e United States and that, if in fact she was a naval vessel of Great Britain she should not receive clearance as a mnerchantman; and it pertormed that ' duty and enforced its statutes with t scnrupulous vigilance through its r.g - ularly constituted officials. It is able, . therefore, to assure the imperial Ger man government that it has been mis informed. If the Imperial German gov I emirnent should deem ltre!f in posses e sion of convincing evidence that the f offielals of the governmcnt Cf t'he . United States did not perform thee duties with thoroughnes'. the gov eminent of the Unitedl States sincere ly hopes that it will sub!lit the evi a dence for consideratlon. '"Wlhatever may he the contentions . of the imperial German government v regarding the carriage of contraband a of war on board the Lusitania or re gsrding the expoosion of that material by the torpedo, it need only be said that in view of this government these contentions are irrelevant to the ques tion of the legality of the methods used by the German naval authorities in sinking the vessel. Humane Principles the issue. "But the sinking of passenger ships involves principles of humanity which throw into the background any spe cial circumstances of detail that may be thought to affect the cases, princ.i pies which lift it, as the imperial Gern man government will not doubt be quick to recognize and at knowledge, out of the class of ordinary subjects of diplomatic discussion or of inter national controversy. Whatever be the other facts regarding the Lusi tania, the principal fact is that a great steamer, primarily and cllte'iy a conveyance for passengers and car rying more than 1,000 souls who had no part or lot in the conduct of the war, was torpedoed and sunk without so much as a challenge or a warning, and that men, women and children were sent to their death in circum stances unparalleled in modern war fa re. Forced to Object. The fact that more than 100 Amern. can citizens were among those who perished made it the duty of the gov ernment of the United States to speak of these things and once more, with solemn emphasis, to call the attention of the imperial German government to the grave responsibility which the government of the United States con, ceives that it has incdrred in this tragic occurrence and to the undisput, able principle upon which that respon sibility rests. The government of the United State is contending for some. thing much greater than the rights of property or privileges of commerce. II is contending for nothing less high and sacred than the rights of human. ity, which every government honors itself in respecting and which no gov ernment is justified in resigning on tthose under it Oase and a. "The government of the United States is happy to observe that your excellency's note closes with the in, timation that the imperial German government is willing, now as before, to accept the good offices of the United States in an attempt to come to an understanding with the govern. ment of Great Britain by which the character and conditions of the was upon sea may be changed. The govr ernment of the United States would consider it a privilege thus to serve its friends and the world. Expects Justice Done. "In the meantime whatever ar. rangement may happily we made be. tween the parties to the war and what, ever may, in the opinion of the im perial German government hive been the provocation or the circumstantial justification for the past acts of its commanders at sea, the government of the United States confidently looks to see the justice and humanity of the government of Germany vindli cated in all cases where Americans have been wronged or their rights as neutrals invaded. "The government of the Unite4 States therefore very earnestly and very solemnly renews the represen~ta tions of its note transmitted to the imperial German government on the 15th of May and relies on these repro sentations upon the principles of hu. manity, the universally recognized un derstandings of international law and the ancient friendship of the (erman nation. Lives Must Be Respecte4 "The government of the ,United States cannot admit that the procl mation of a war zone from which neu tral ships have been warned to keep -away may De made to operate as in any degree an abbreviation of the rights either of American shipmasters or of American citizens bound on law. ful errands as passengers on mer chantships of belligerent nationality. It does not understand the imperial German government to question those rights. It understands it also to ao. cept as established beyond question the principle that the lives of non Icombatants cannot lawfully or fully be put In jeopardy by turne or destruction of an unr merchantman and to recognize tll ligation to take sufflcient precaution to ascertain whether a suspected mer chantman is in fact of belligerent na tionality or is in fact carrying contra band of war under a neutral flag. The government of the United States, therefore. dems it reasonable to ex pect that the imperial German gov ernment will adopt the measures nee essary to put these principles into practice in respect of the safeguarding aof American lives and American ships tand asks for assurances that this wil I be done. "Robert Lansing, S 'Secretary of State ad interim."